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ii ■ Lin i i.i' hi i.' ,.i iii'. h m;i ii 




Walworth County 












This work i> respectfully dedicated ti> 


since departed. May the memory of those who laid down their burdens 
by the wayside ever be fragrant as the breath of summer 
flowers, for their toils and sacrifices have made 
Walworth Count) a garden of sun- 
shine and delights. 


In preparing this work, which. is not so much a county history as a collec- 
tion of notes to serve the coming historian, the following sources of informa- 
tion have been used freely: The printed and manuscript collections of the 
historical societies of the state and county ; the records of the adjutant-gen- 
eral's office at Madison; the Legislative Manuals and other official publications 
of the state; the Geological and Hydrographic Surveys of Wisconsin; the 
county records at Elkhorn. including those at the office of the county jndge, 
county clerk, clerk of the circuit court, treasurer, register of deeds, and superin- 
tendent of schools; the books of the County Agricultural Society; "History of 
Walworth County" (Chicago, 1882); Cravath's "Annals of Whitewater"; 
Simmons's "Annals of Lake Geneva" ; the files of Delavan, Elkhorn and White- 
water newspapers; the personal recollections of the compiler and of many of 
his known and unknown friends, within and without the county; the tomb- 
stones of forty-five burial grounds; and unreckonable minor or incidental 
papers, pamphlets, documents and letters. 

A few words as to the plan and arrangement of this volume may not be 
wholly useless. The theory of its construction is that a local history, its inter- 
est, if any, confined to a narrow plat of ground, cannot have in it too much oi 
the personal element. An arch-necromancer's uncanny skill could not avail to 
restore anything like the semblance, even though but ghostly, of all those men 
who once answered to the names found in the lists of land-patentees ot [838, 
in the juror lists of [839, and in the town-officer lists of [843; but the patient 
searcher of fading records may find a date, a wife's name, a hint oi heirs 
wrangling over a will — something to show that these men have not all of them 
become as forgotten kings ,,f pre-Mosaic dynasties. 

The neighboring counties, in two States, were much like Walworth in 
their origin and development ; and human nature was and is the same in all ol 
them. Walworth included. But there were little lines in the lives of the earlier 
men and women of Walworth that are yet of some human interest to their 
descendant- and successors. To., little can be recovered of lives Ion- gone to 
make each one's tale over-tedious. for mosl of them, little more than the 
length of a tombstone inscription remains, but for us that little differentiates 


Walworth from Rock and McHenry and all the other counties of the Union 

and the Dominion. 

[f this work were our county history's last word, far more could with 
reason be required of it than is herein performed. A little, no doubt, worth 
another workman's consideration, is added to the store of historic material. 
It will be observed that in the lesser divisions of the volume the town- art- 
taken in their alphabetical order for their readier finding. Citizen- of each 
town of whom nearly nothing was learned but their names and a date or two 
for each, are named with their towns. They of whom more detail was found 
are placed in alphabetical order as a county list. 

It would be pleasing to acknowledge explicitly all the favors shown by 
old and new friends, official and unofficial: but the tally-list would be very long. 
and omissions would seem coldly careless if not intentional. No person, how- 
ever, can make even a barely passable local history without that kindly co- 
operation nowhere to be found more intelligent and willing than in "glorious 
old Walworth." 

Albert C. Beckwith. 
Elkhorn, July 15, 1912. 


All life and achievement is evolution; present wisdom comes from past 
experience, ami present commercial prosperity has come only from past exer- 
tion and suffering. The deeds and motives of the men that have gone before 
have been instrumental in shaping the destinies of later communities and 
states. The development of a new country was at once a task and a privi- 
lege. It required great courage, sacrifice and privation. Compare the pres- 
ent conditions of the people of Walworth county. Wisconsin, with what they 
were one hundred years ago. From a trackless wilderness and virgin land. 
it has come to be a center of prosperity and civilization, with millions of 
wealth, systems of railways, grand educational institutions, splendid indus- 
tries and immense agricultural and mineral productions. Can any thinking 
person be insensible to the fascination of the study which discloses the 
aspirations and efforts of the early pioneers who so strongly laid the founda- 
tion upon which has been reared the magnificent prosperity of later days 5 
To perpetuate the story of these people and to trace and record the social, 
political and industrial progress of the community from its first inception 
is the function of the local historian. A sincere purpose to preserve facts 
and personal memoirs that are deserving of perpetuation, and which unite 
the present to the past, is the motive for the present publication. The work 
has been in the hands of able writers, who have, after much patient study 
and research, produced here the most complete biographical memoirs of 
Walworth count). Wisconsin, ever offered to the public A specially valuable 
and interesting department is that one devoted to the sketches of representative 
citizens of this county whose records deserve preservation because of their 
worth, effort and accomplishment. The publishers desire to extend their 
thanks to the gentlemen who have so faithfully labored to this end. Thanks 
are also due to the citizens of Walworth county for the uniform kindness with 
which they have regarded this undertaking and for their many services ren- 
dered in the gaining of necessary information. 

In placing "Beckwith's History of Walworth County, Wisconsin," before 
the citizens, the publishers can conscientiously claim that they have carried out 
the plan as outlined in the prospectus. Every biographical sketch in the 
work ha- been submitted to the part) interested, lor correction, and therefore 
any error of fact, if there he any. is solel) due to the person lor whom the 
sketch was prepared. Confident that our effort to please will fully meet the 
approbation of the public, we are, 





Facts Derivable from Geological Surveys— Rock Measurements Underlying 
Strata — Glaciers and their Traces. 


Surface of the County — Heights Above Sen Level— Prairies, Openings and 
Forests — Water Courses — Lakes ami Their Soundings Natural Products 
Timber— Climate — A Memorable Season. 


Indian Occupation — British Direcl Native Hostility -Black Hawk Chief Big 
foot — Mounds and Relics — Geographical Names and Their Origin. 


Conditions Surrounding First Settlers— Character of the Pioneers Birth- 
places of Earliest Men of Walworth. 


Contest at Lake Geneva — Christopher Payne Claim-marks Peace Restored 
—Arrivals al Other Towns — The First Settler Contested claims Land Sales. 


Wisconsin Admitted to Statehood Location of Walworth County Organiza- 
tion of Towns — Congressional and Legislative Districts Judicial Circuits. 


First Representatives In the General Assembly- First County Officers First 
Meeting of the Board of Commissioners- First Grand and iviit Jurors 
Extracts from the Records. 


Commissioners select Location for County Seat Firs! C a House Second 

Court lions.- Second Jail and Register's Office Present Court House The 
Present Jail -Fire Proof Vaults Care for the Poor. 


Hon. David Irvin— Journal of the First Day's Proceedings in Court Earlj 
Jurors— Roll of Attorneys, 1839 18 Judges of the First Circuit Attorneys 

from 1848 — Jury Commissioners. 


Eminent Men from Walworth Constitutional Conventions Probate Judges 

— County Judges Court Commissioners State Senators Members of Assem 
biy— Chairmen of Count] Board of Suiiervlsort Count] Clerks Count] Treas 


urers — Sheriffs — Clerks of the Circuit Court — District Attorneys — Registers of 
Deeds — County Surveyors — Superintendents of School — Superintendents of 
Poor and Insane. 


Party Lines Clearly Drawn in Early Elections — Early Election Returns — Sub- 
sequent Political Ratio — Progress of the Republican Party. 


Territorial Militia — The Sixth Wisconsin Regiment — The Civil War — Response 
to the President's Call for Soldiers — Wisconsin's Record — Aid Rendered by 
Women and Non-Combatants — Grand Army of the Republic — Walworth 
County Soldiers and Sailors' Association — Soldiers' Memorial Roll — Spanish- 
American War — Enlisted Men from Walworth. 


Yerkes Observatory — State School for the Deaf — State Normal School — North- 
western Military Academy. 


Fair and Cattle Show, 1850 — Subsequent Fairs — Fair Grounds — Officers of the 


Early Religious Meetings — Organization of Churches — Baptist Statistics for 
1909 — Other Denominations — Public Schools — Early Sentiment Strong for 
Education — School Superintendence - — Present System. 


Indian Trails — Highways Established by Legislature— Present System — Rail- 
ways — Collapse of Some Early Railway Plans — Public Land Grants. 



Early Provisions for Preservation of Local History — Organization of Old Set- 
tlers' Society — Officers of the Society— Incorporation of the Walworth County 
Historical Society — Members. 


Writers of Earliest Countj History Occasional Writers — Newspaper Editors 
Local Poets — Song Writers and Musical Composition — The Palette and 
Brush — Oratory. 


Early Temperance Societies Saloon Licenses — Civic Societies — Freemasonry 
Lodges, I'ast .nil] Present Other Societies -Turtle Creek Drainage l»istriet 
Troj Drainage District Commissioner of Roads— Assessor of income Tax — 

The Speculative spirit Melodrama in Court Early Educational Efforts 

Early Teachers Noteworthy Events— Dairy interests Early Births Early 

Marriages in Memoriam- Losses by Fire. 

CHAPTER XX TOWN OF BL( ») >M l'l l-M.l > 226 

Origin of Name Natural Features Agricultural Returns -Population — -First 

Permanent Settlement Karly Families Civil-war Soldiers from Bloomfleld— 


Town Officers — Genoa Junction — Religious Societies — Commercial Interests — 
Village Organization. 


Area — Natural Features — Statistics — First Settlers in the Town — Early Growth 
—Official Roster. 


One of the Original Civil Subdivisions — Natural Features- Land Area Pop- 
ulation — Early Arrivals — Official Lists of Town and City. 


Colonel Phoenix, the Founder, and Other Early Business Men Hotels and 
Taverns — Commercial Enterprises — Advent of Railroads — The Press — Religious 
Societies — Educational Interests — Public Library — Water Works Fire Depart- 
ment — Delavan Guards — Cities of the Dead — Official Roster Postoffice Historj 
— Population. 


Description — Natural Features — Land Area — First Settlers — Official Roster 
Village of East Troy — Churches — Newspapers — Village Organization Posl 
office — Public Houses — Business Items. 


Speculative Enterprise — The Embryo City — Early Coiners— Additions to the 
Village — Location and General Natural Features of the City Churches and 
Schools — Business Interests — Banks and Bankers— Brick and Tile Making 
Religious Societies — Newspapers — Public Utilities— Official Roster. 


Origin of Name— Description Natural Features Area Population Land 
Office Patents — Early Settlers— Official Roster. 


First Settlers at Geneva Lake— An Historic Contest and lis Outcome — Early 
Owners of Land— Taverns and Hotels Other Early Comers Religious Socle 
ties Early Business Men — Schools Newspapers ICoung Men's Christian Ass.. 
ciation — Public Libraries— Hanks Waterworks and Electric Lights Fishing 
and Navigation— Cemeteries— The Lake Shore Village and City Charters 
Official Rosters — Population and Valuation. 


Description— Xat oral Features Agricultural Statistics and Valuation First 
Immigrants— Land Entries— Well Known Names in IM'J Official Rostov, 


Natural Features First Claim Other Immigrant Arrivals Land 
Entries -Prominenl Pioneer Families Valuations und i roj Statistics Popu 
lation -official Roster— Churches. 


Origin of Name Area Natural Features Crop Acreages first Settlers 
Official Roster. 



Naming of the Town — Boundaries — Elevations — First Settlers — Immigrants 
Of 1840 and Later Years — Village Of Lynns -Business : 1 1 m I Religious Interests 
Village Platted— Village of Springfield: — Noteworthy Events — Statistics 

Official Boster of the Town Bcliirioiis History— Postmasters. 


Location— Natural Features— Education — The Pioneers and other Early Set- 
tiers — The Nova Seotian Settlers— The Methodist Chinch— Farm Statistics 

Population — Official Roster. 


Location and Description — Crop Acreages — Population — The First Comers — 
Laud Entries— Allen Grove— Noteworthy Events — Religious Societies— Official 
Roster — Tillage of Sharon — Schools — Newspapers — Churches — Bank — Ceme- 
tery — Towu Officers. 


Origin of Name — Primitive Condition of the Land— Streams — Land Area— Crop 
Returns — Population— First Settlers* — Honey Creek— Vienna— Voree — Franklin 

Early Village Business Interests —Religious Societies — Schools — Official 



Name Derived from Local Industry— The First Settler— Other Pioneers— A 
Well Known Early Tavern— Tibhets — Churches — Insurance— Land Area and 
Crop Values — Population— Town Officers. Past and Present. 


One of the Original Towns— Lakes and Water Courses— Land Area— Crop Re- 
turns—Early Settlers— Village of Troy— Troy Center— Local Interests— May- 
hew— Little Prairie — Adams— Official Roster. 


Land Elevations— Streams— Geneva Lake— Land Area— Crop Statistics— Pop- 
ulation— Early Settlers— Land Patents— Postoffices— Churches— Schools— Big 
Foot Academy— Village of Walworth — Fontana — Williams Bay— Official 



Origin of Name Surface of the Land— Lakes and Streams— Land Area— Farm 
Statistics The First Comets Land Sales — Live Stock Breeders — Official 


Early Use of Water Power other Early Utilities— Town Organization Ad 
vent of Railroads Business Enterprises Taverns and Hotels Banks and 
Bankers Religious Societies Education Libraries Military History Public 
Utilities Village Incorporation official Roster- Population. 


Biographical and Genealogical Notes of Early and Prominent citizens of Wal- 
worth County. 




Adams 433 

Agricultural Society 169 

Allen's Grove 395 

Art 207 

Assemblymen 58, 84 

Assessor of Income Tax 212 

Attorneys. 1S.39 4S, 74 

Attorneys from 1848 70 


lt.i|it ist Societies 176 

Bench and Bur 72 

v,\n Foot Academy -442 

Bigfoot, Chief 39 

Biographical Sketches 481 

Birthday of Walworth County 59 

Birthplaces of Pioneers 44 

Births, Early 217 

Black Hawk 38 

Bloomfield Center 231 

Bloomfield, Town of 22»'. 

Brick Clay 33 


Care tor the Poor 71 

Catholic Missionaries 177 

Chairmen of Supervisors 87 

Chicago & Northwestern it. K. i v ~ 

Chicago, Mil. & St. P. K. It 191 

chief Bigtool 30 

Circull Court Clerks 92 

Circuits, Judicial 56 

city of Delavan 257 

city of Blkhorn 286 

city of Lake Genera 324 

City Of Whitewater i60 

Civic Societies 210 

Chi j Products 33 

Clerks. Couiltj 88 

clerks of Cirenil Court 92 

Climate 35 

Colored Troops 155 

Commissioner of UoadS 212 

Commissioners' Journal 80 

Commissioners' Records 61 

Congregational Societies 177 

Congressional Districts 54 

Constitutional Conventions s " 

Constitution, Votes on s " 

Contest at Lake Geneva 16, 324 

Coroners 91 

county Agricultural Society 169 

County Buildings 64 

County Clerks vv 

Connty Commissioners. First Meeting 59 

County Historical Society 196 

County House 71 

County Judges s 2 

County Officers, First 59 

c.Hinty Seal Located i;l 

County Surveyors 98 

County Treasurers s l' 

Court Commissioners 82 

Court, First Terra of 72 

Court Bouse, Firsl 65 

Court House. Present ,; s 

Court Bouse, s ml 65 

Creameries 217 


Dairj Interests 217 

I union. Town of 240 

| 1,-af. Slate s. I I for _„___„ 160 

Deaths, Early — 221 

Delavan Churches 263 

Delavan, City of 257 


Delavan Gu;irds 207 

Delavan Newspapers 261 

Delavan, Town of 24S 

District Attorneys 92 

Districts, Legislative 54 

Di'ainage 31 

Drainage Districts -11 


Early Births 217 

Early Deaths -- 1 

Early Educational Efforts 214 

Early Highways 184 

Early Marriages 219 

Early Teachers 214 

Early Temperance Societies 209 

Early Trails 1*4 

East Troy, Town of - 272 

East Troy Village 279 

Editorship 195 

Educational Convention I s " 

Educational Efforts, Early 214 

Eighteenth Infantry 134 

Eighth Infantry 126 

Electric Lines I'-'l 

Eleventh Infantry 128 

Elkhorn 286 

Elkhorn Banks 296 

Elkhorn Business Interests 295 

Klkhorn Churches — 291 

Elkhorn Located 64 

Elkhorn Schools 293 

Enlistments from Walworth 1L"> 

Episcopal I'. Irishes 177 

Events of Note 215 

Extracts from Commissioners' Iter 
ords 61 


Fair, the first - 169 

Fifteenth Infantry 133 

Fiftieth infantry 154 

Fifth Battery -- ''-"-' 

Fifth Infantry L25 

Fifty-firs! Infanlr.x 154 

Fifty-Second Infantry lot 

Fire Losses 223 

Fire proof Vaults 70 

First and Third Batteries 122 

First Assembly 58 

First Cavalry 113 

First Circuit, .Indies of 75 

First County Officers 59 

First Court House 65 

First Fair 169 

First Grand Jurors 73 

First Heavy Artillery 120 

First Infantry 124 

First Petit Jurors ''■'■ 

First Settler 50 

First Term of Court ~- 

Fontana 445 

Fortieth Infantry 146 

Forty-eighth Infantry 152 

Forty-fifth Infantry 150 

Forty-fourth Infantry 150 

Forty-ninth Infantry 152 

Forty-second Infantry 1 ( v 

Forty-seventh Infantry 151 

Forty-sixth Infantry 150 

Forty-third Infantry 149 

Fourteenth Infantry 133 

Fourth Battery 122 

Fourth Infantry-Cavalry 117 

Franklin Postoffice H"-' 

Free and Accepted Masons__ -I 11 


Genealogical Notes 481 

Geneva Lake Contest 4(1. 324 

Geneva, Town of :; "' 

Genoa Junction 234 

Geographical Names. 40 

Glaciers 27 

Grand Army of the Republic 210 


Heights of Land 29 

Honey Creek - •'" 


Indian Names • ' 

Indian Occupation :;s 

Indian Trails I s ' 

Irvin. David ''-' 



Jail, Present U'J 

Jail, Second 67 

Judges S2 

Judges of First Circuit 75 

Judges of Probate 56, 82 

Judicial Circuits 56 

Jurors. First ":: 


Lafayette, Town of 349 

Lagrange, Town of 357 

Lake Geneva, City of o24 

Lake Geneva Contest 46, 324 

Lake Soundings 31 

Lakes 31 

Land, Heights of 2!» 

Land Sales 51 

Legislative Districts 54 

Linn. Town of 366 

Literature 2iM 

Little Prairie 433 

Location of County Seat 64 

Location of Walworth County 53 

Losses by Fire 223 

Lutheran Churches 17s 

Lyons, Town of 372 

Lyons. Village of :!7."> 


Makers of the County 481 

Marriages, Early — 1'-» 

Marshes 30 

Masonry 210 

Mayhew 432 

Melodrama in Court 213 

Members of Assembly 84 

Memorable Season 36 

Methodist Churches 178 

Military Academy 168 

Military History 1"! 

Milwaukee & Mississippi R. R 1st; 

Mounds 39 


Natural Products :;:; 

Nineteenth Infantry 134 

Ninth Battery 122 

Ninth Infantry 127 

Normal School ii;i; 

Noteworthy Events 215 

Noteworthy Institutions 15S 

Nova Scotinn Settlers 387 


Officers, First County :.:i 

Official Roster 7n 

Old Settlers' Socletj .__ 193 

Oratory 208 

Original Towns 54 


Peal 33 

Pioneer Sketches 1M 

Political Organization 53 

Political Parties !>7 

Political Representation 58 

Poor Farm 71 

Prairies 30 

Pre-glacial Epoch L'o 

Presbyterian Churches 177 

Present Court House 68 

Present Jail <>'.» 

Presidents of Agricultural Society- 172 

Probate Judges 56. 82 

Public Schools IT'.i 


Railways i 85 

Ratio of Votes i"i 

Records of Commissioners 61 

Register's Office '17 

Registers of Deeds 93 

Relics 39 

Religious organizations 17C 

Representatives 58 

Kb in I. Town of .'.si 

Loads and Load -ma I; lng__« l s l 

Rock Liver 80 

Lock Strata 26 


Sii I Commissioners, Work of 180 

School for Deaf 160 


s.-i i Cavalry 114 

Second Court House 05 

Second Infantry 124 

Second Jail. 67 

Senators 83 

Settlement of .Northwest 42 

Settler, the First 50 

Seventeenth Infantry 134 

Seventh Battery 122 

Seventh Infantry 125 

Sharon, Town of . 302 

Sharon, Village of 400 

Sheriffs 90 

Sixteenth Infantry 134 

Sixth Battery 122 

Sixtli Infantry 125 

Sixth Wisconsin Infantry 104 

snow Blockade 30 

Soldiers' .Memorial Roll 112 

Son- Writers 205 

Spanish-American War 156 

Speculative spirit 212 

Spring Prairie, Town of 403 

Springfield, Village of 377 

State Normal School 166 

Slate S.hoo! for I leaf 160 

state Senators 83 

Sugar Creek, Town of 4is 

Superintendents of Poor and Insane... 95 

Superintendents of Schools 94 

Supervisors, Chairmen of s ~ 

Surface of County 20 

Surveyors 1 93 

Swamp Lands 30 


Teachers, Early 214 

Tompci.inie Societies 209 

Tentir Battery „_ 123 

Tenth Infantry—: — 127 

Third Cavalry 116 

Third Infantry '. 125 

Thirteenth Battery 123 

Thirteenth Infantry 129 

Thirtieth Infantry I 13 

Thirty-eighth infantry 146 

Tidily fifth Infantry 144 

Tinny first Infantry 143 

Thirty-fourth Infantry 144 

Thirty-ninth Infantry ltd 

Thirty-second Infantry 143 

Thirty-seventh Infantry 145 

Thirty-sixth Infantry 144 

Thirty-third Infantry 144 

Timber 34 

Town of I'.loomtield 220 

Town of Darieu 24l> 

Town of Delavan 248 

Town of Bast Troy 272 

Town of Geneva 31G 

Town of Lafayette -">4!> 

Town of Lagrange 357 

Town of Linn 366 

Town of Lyons 372 

Town of Richmond 3S4 

Town of Sharon 392 

Town of Spring Prairie 405 

Town of Sugar Creek 41S 

Town of Troy 126 

Town of Walworth t.:7 

Town of Whitewater I'd 

Treasurers, County 89 

Troy Center . 431 

Troy Drainage Ditch 211 

Troy. Town of 426 

Troy Village '- 430 

Turtle Creek Drainage District 211 

Twelfth Infantry 129 

Twentieth Infantry 135 

Twenty-eighth Infantry 130 

Twenty-fifth Infantry i L39 

Twenty-fourth infantry 13!> 

Twenty-ninth infantry 143 

Twenty-second Infantry 135 

Twenty-seventh infantry 139 

Twenty-sixth infantry 139 

Twenty-third Infantry L39 


Vaults, County 70 

Henna 110 

Village of Eas( Troj 279 

Village of Lyons 375 

Village of Sharon h"> 

Village of Springfield -"'77 

Village of Troy 430 


Voree . 410 

Votes on Constitution 80 

Votes, Ratio of 10] 


Walworth County, Location 53 

Walworth County Agricultural So- 
ciety 16!) 

Walworth County Soldier and Sailors' 

Association 111 

Walworth. Town of 487 

War Meetings 107 

Water Courses 30 

Whitewater, City of 160 

Whitewater, Town of i~>i 

Williams Bay 146 

Wisconsin Centra) R. E 189 

Wisconsin Troops 107 

Writers of Local History !!)!» 


YerUes Observatory 158 



Abbott, Francis X 655 

Abell, Stephen B S06 

Ackley, Albert H 1136 

Adkins, Henry DeL 59S 

Adsit, Miley '■''■"'' 

Agern, John 750 

i. Francis G 1119 

Allen, George 914 

Allen, George R vr ' T 

m, John S S53 

. Walter 913 

Allvn. Alexander IT 1046 

Alr'ick, A. K 12T9 

Utenburg, Charley E 1 I |s 

Amborn, Anion H 954 

Ames. Erastus H 1" :; ' 

Andrus, Francis T 1005 

Arnold, Cassius F '-'I s 

Atkinson, Josephus 1 ' '-' 

Ayer, Edward E 1 |v:> 

Ayers, Henry W ,;|s 


•k. James w. 

er, Charles II 

i: er, Harvey 

B ker, Louis C '■' 7:; 

Baker, S'u n F 1 406 

Barfield, Josiah n " ; 

Barker, D. B. 1 IT ' 

B: Dwight B 924 

Barnes, Henry D l,l " : 


Bartholomew, Arthur H 1435 

Baumann, B. J ''" , 

Baumbach, William, Jr l" sl 

Beach, Benjamin H 

I-., ch, William W 1382 

Bciirdsley, Hern !, 

Albert 1351 

kwith, Albert i '. : '" ;; 

■s, Willi. mi 1437 

Hiram s. 1072 

Bennett, Francis A. I 159 

Beseeker, Charles <> L0 

Best, William F ,;,; ' 

Bill, Benjamin .1 90S 

Bilyea, Clarence E.. - v,;l 

Bhn kman, Charles VI. ss " 

Bloi dg I, Fred R. 1205 

in, F. -I. '•"•'■' : ' 

Bollinger, Daniel "-" 

Bollinger, Jacob ss: ' 


i. John W. 

Boyle, Henry ' 1:;:; 

hazou, Charles S. '"' , 

Bradley, Henrj :,v: ' 

Bradley, William W 

Brennan, John C. (; -' 

Brett, James E 

Briggs, Herman A ' ' '-' 

Brigham, Emerson A. 1283 

tol, C. R. 941 

H r '-"" 

Brown, Albert '•'•''-' 

,. Emerj J. 

Brown, George W. '308 

Brown, James, Jr. ' ,sl 

Brown, Lewis G. 

Brown, William C 

Brown, William v:; ' 

Bin i i i r: nklin A. " ' 


II, Henry C '■'"'• 

Bullock, Arthur G. 

Bm o y\ 

Burdlck. Hugh A. " >■"■ 


Burgit, James D 1450 

Burns, Carlos H 1407 

Burton, Charles R 1355 

Burton, John E 100S 

Busbman, John M79 


Camp, James II 70L 

Campbell, Lewis A 1075 

Carey, Julian M 668 

Ceylon Court 004 

Chapin, John 652 

Chatfield, Seneca B 997 

i ihlld, James 142:; 

( Ihristie, George 13:27 

Church, Cyrus 933 

Church, Leonard C 1136 

Church, Ray C S95 

Clancey, Lawrence 1452 

Clark, Charles M 1192 

Clark. John D 138S 

( 'line, Leopold 1104 

Clohisy, Arthur 730 

Coates, Oscar 1' 1399 

Cobb, Robert C 636 

Coburn, Addison A 1 ^u 1 

Cocroft, Harry E 688 

Cocroft, Joseph E 698 

Colbo, John 845 

Colburn, Archibald 822 

Conley, Stephen E 966 

Conry, Bernard 958 

Cook, l>. S. 127] 

look. Franklin J 1471 

Cock. Lewis L 1263 

Cook. Seymour A (175 

Cooley, Rufus 1256 

Coon, Harlow \1. 1310 

Cooper, Charles S 1321 

Cowles, Elmer E 1070 

Cowles, Fred D 1036 

Cox, William J i__1282 

Crandall, George B 875 

Crane. E. .1. limo 

Crites, J. L 1457 

Crumb, George A 1274 

Crumb, Russell E 896 

Curran, .lames s < >s i 

< lurtls, Levi is L363 

Curl is, Walter 076 

Cusark, Frank 681 

Cusack, John 1481 > 

Cusack, M. E . 134S 


Dalrymple, Hilas H 950 

Dalton, Henry J 1143 

Davidson, Ebenezer iv.V2 

Davis, .lames B 13(13 

Davis, Ruthford D 1301 

Dawley, William J 14n3 

Delaney, .John W 1390 

DeLong, William E 1482 

Denison, Edmund D '■'.('• 

Denison, John W 1228 

Derthick, John II 1157 

Desing, August F 734 

Desing, John 749 

Dewire, M. V 955 

DeWitt, William H 1198 

1 lickerman, Walter 1430 

Dickinson, .Nathan 899 

I lodge, Eugene 1170 

Doolittle, .lames B 1028 

Dopke, Charles II 1078 

Douglass, Carlos L 1376 

Douglass, Carlos S 1362 

Douglass, Horace G 574 

Drake, Brewster B 1029 

Dunham, David T lis:: 

Dunham, George. 991 

I Minn. Edward K 836 

1 num. Patrick 1069 

Dunphy, John 1122 


Karnes, Francis II 587 

Ebert, Ferdinanl 1428 

IVkerson. Willis 1) 1339 

Ells. C. W 1280 

Ells. F. W 1280 

Ells, George W 852 

Ellsworth, Fred L 1379 

Ellsworth, Stewart D 1383 

I'.iigeliretsen. Edward lL'l'l 

Erwin, William A 840 



Faiivhild, Daniel 710 

Faircbild, David L 1163 

Fairchild, Nelson 713 

Featherstone, Marshall M F'.'-'t; 

Febry, William 855 

Fellows, Theodore A 715 

Fellows, Timothy H L_ 703 

Ferry, Chester A 1019 

Fish, Charles R 11S1 

'Fish. Howard E 1319 

Fish, Jasper M 816 

Fish. .Silas B 1090 

Flack. John G 791 

Fleming, Charles G 1148 

Foote. Lucien A 68 1 

Foster, Asa 1369 

Fountaine, Charles 13S7 

Francis, Henry :i| > 

Francisco, Newton O IT-" 1 

Fraser, Alexander 1444 

Fraser, James W 1447 

Freeman. Arthur H 1022 

French, Charles S 825 

Frey, Jacob C 1113 

Frieker, Alfred H ' 819 

Fryer, John H 1218 

Funic, John L 1440 


Gage, Charles H s i^ 

Garbutt, John 810 

Gates, Charles M ^- ,; 

Gavin, James L 805 

Gibbs, Charles B L232 

Gifford, Ezra 642 

Goelzer, John sss 

Goff, Sidney C : ''-' : ' 

Gould, Jay B 1340 

Graydon, John R ' 154 

Greene, Charles P ' '"'•' 

Greene, Porter . 1358 

Grunewald, John ^ :;: ' 


Hat's. Andrew \V. 
Hall, John 



Halverson Bros. Co 1240 

Halverson, G 1240 

Halverson, 11. L 1241 

Halverson, M. G 1240 

Halvorsen, II. T 668 

Hamilton, Herbert O 1276 

Hammersley, William II., Sr 848 

Hanson, Albert M 1208 

Harmon, William 1401 

Harrington, George L 872 

Harrington, Grant D 1062 

Harris, John H 000 

Hatch, Hobart M 687 

Hatch, Seymour ft 708 

Hawes, I.. Edmund 1216 

Heagman, Albert S 1352 

Helling, Carl 1394 

Henderson, John F 1264 

Henn, Frank L 905 

Hennessey, James 992 

Hibbard, Elijah T 865 

Higbee, William S 963 

Higgins, Francis M 789 

High, Charles 706 

Hitchcock, Amos H - 1243 

Hodges, William 1 121 

Hoffman, John II 640 

Hoge, aii..-i 1 712 

Holcomb, Willis P 1083 

Hollister, G. Hart 1139 

Hollister, J. J 1203 

lb, IN. way. W. V; B 659 

Holmes, Russell ''-'■'• 

Honian, Bartholomew 643 

Hooper, Edmund J r,s| 

Host, Ernest J U45 

Host, Walter R 680 

Hubbard, Frank A 1127 

Hurey, George W 1285 

Ilnth II. nth 1472 

Hutton, Co,, iirc 1366 


[ngalls, Jerome l|,;,; 

Infills, Join, I' U85 

S,l, It" 

[saac, Morris 1149 

[ves, Clinton F. : ' n| 



Jennings, John T 731 

Johnson, David D 112S 

Johnson, Edgar M 1088 

Johnston, William H 844 


Kachel, John C 1215 

Kachel, T. A 1219 

Kellogg, George O 727 

Kendrick, Ansel H 1049 

Kimball, Henry 686 

Kimball, Lewis A 672 

King, Oscar A 149] 

Kinne, Edward 1261 

Kinyon, William C 630 

Kiser, F. Henry 1204 

Ki slmer. George 1286 

Kizer, Fernando C 1230 

Kline. Philip 959 

Kneiert, diaries 1002 

Kniep, Peter 1477 

Knutson, Knute G 1007 

Kohn, John "::•_' 

Kohn, Lawrence C Tin 

Kohn, Phillip IT 747 

Koeppen, William ini' 

Krahn, August 1195 

Krause, August 697 

Kroenke, Carl F 1458 

Krohn, Bernhard A 1026 

Hull. Andrew 592 

Knll. Charles J 798 

Knl I. Grover 1116 

Knll, .T.'lm M 1079 

I i, Daniel E L039 

i ickey, Thomas 129S 

Ladd, i>ren E 923 

Lake, Elder Phipps W 936 

I nl e ■ iem < i Sanitariums 1490 

Lav I rles 7S4 

Lawson, Frank E 813 

Lawson, John 891 

Lawton, Herbert X 1020 

■ ' Roberl J 751 

Lean. Thomas E 1209 

Ledger, Walter E 092 

Lindsay, H. E 1210 

Lockwood, William H 832 

Long, Hugh D 878 

Loomer, Isaac S 1191 

Loveland, Treasure K 1397 

Lowell, Angevine D 980 

Luedtke, August 620 

Lyon, Jay F 576 


McCabe, ciiarles 1316 

m.i ai.e. Richard 131 S 

McDougall, John S 800 

McKenzie, Frank 1 163 

McKinney, A. E 871 

M. Milieu. Robert G 1269 


Maas, Jacob 1096 

Mack, diaries W 1391 

Halany, Legrand F 1162 

Mallory, Henry I 1123 

Malsch, Fred—! s;:i 

Malsch, Herman ~s7 

Markel, William J 906 

Mail in, .Miss Helen 612 

Martin. James 'I" L0I 

Massey. William E 682 

Matheson, Alexander E 654 

Matheson, Donald F 1373 

Matheson, John 645 

Watteson, Cyrua A 826 

Mayer, John 1403 

Mayhew, Milton M 842 

Maxon, Austin C 1331 

Maxon, .Jesse G 1335 

Maxon, Nathan D 1040 

Meadows, John G 1115 

Means, James loo I 

Meister, enslave 618 

Melges, August- i 

Mereness, Clarence v: '" 

Mereness, llemau 799 

Merwin, George II 

Millar. Edward 920 

Miller, Edward 701 


MiUer, Louis 1243 

Miller. William 1 1131 

.Mills. OTlin H 1455 

Mitchell, Benjamin F 846 

Mitchell, John 143S 

Mohr. Henry 918 

Moore, Frank S 793 

Moran, Martin 856 

Morgan, John I 965 

Morrison, Smith B 742 

Morrissey, Maurice 1 165 

Mott, Alfred SS6 

Munson, Charles H S93 


Nicholas, Father James 624 

Nichols, Levi A 594 

Nokes, Albert J 879 

Norris, Harley C 1084 

North, Charles H 638 

Norton. William C 1060 

Nott, Charles H 1266 


O'Brien, Harold X 1257 

O'Dell, l.armer G 1130 

O'Leary, Arthur 1446 

ule 1393 

■ .ti.l. Joseph II 951 


e, Edward 1> L260 

Page, Jay W H71 

Palmer, Alexander s 910 

Palmer, Byron S. 628 

Palmer, Edwin E 650 

Palmer, William E tin 

Papenfus, Emil S64 

Parker, B. Ii 1207 

Passage, William T 1043 

ce, George D 677 

Peck, Charles i. 614 

I'- k, George P 1396 

Pendergast, John W 1167 

rs, Edward A 1247 

Peterson, Albert E. 662 

Peterson, Alraon L 690 

Peterson, Miss Anna Pi's 

Peterson, Elmer A 1238 

Peterson, Michael X L307 

Peterson, Peter ptl: 

Peterson, Peter <; s-i 

Pelrie. Klry C- 7-1 

Phelps. Sherman P .1465 

Phillips, 11. 1' 917 

Phillips. Lewis 1' 1024 

Phillips, Volney D 1024 

Pierce. II PeloS 1 

Pohl, John L389 

Porter, Doric C 1325 

Porter, Lester C 1323 

Potter, Charles E 1213 

P.. Her, Charles H 862 

Poller, Joseph 1 162 

Powers, Richard 602 

Pramer, fc'remom P 981 

Price, Edwin G 691 

PrudameS, Charles a 957 

Puller, George E L419 

Pugh, Thomas II 976 

Plirdy, Perry 1.. 1269 


Randall, George E 1475 

Randall, William P l"77 

Rauney, Perry C 987 

Reader, I ■•■ i John 1342 

Reader, John P. 1035 

Render, J. -I 882 

Redenius, -l. IP 828 

Reek, -i: - S. 7ni 

Reinert, Edward C 795 

Reiuert, Malcb & Baumbacb L270 

Rentier, John 

Rej aolds, Benoni i ».. 

Reynolds, Ji < i;,; ' 

Reyuolds, Merriotl B, 

i ,is. Horace S ,;l " 

piiini , ■ i 

Rivers, Jo ' 

Robers, Henrj v. 

Robinson, Alh - 1 - 

Rockwell, Henry- 1242 

Rockwell, LeGrand, Jr - 1159 

Rockwell I I Sr, U60 


Rodawalt, Stephen 1253 

Rodman, Andrew J 047 

Rodman, WillanI 902 

Rogers, Harold, H 1184 

Romare, Oscar E 1293 

Ross, Bion C SOS 

Ruehlman, Christian F. W 1245 

Russell, John 1054 

Russell. Thomas 1054 


Sage, Chancy L 1045 

Salisbury, Albert 779 

Schmidter, Nathaniel 1441 

Schulz, Julius F. W 960 

Schulz, William 1111 

Schutt, Herman los7 

Schwartz, John A i:;44 

Seaver, William r 1346 

Seymour, John V 1187 

Sharp, John 1030 

Shaver, Henry J 1412 

Sherman, Curtis II 663 

Sherman, Ervin O 889 

sikes. Charles A. 894 

Skeels, John G 025 

skiii. Benjamin F 1182 

Smith, Allien E 1140 

Smith, Alfred D L370 

Smith, Alfred J 616 

Smith, ( barles a 1420 

Smith, Airs. Elizabeth if 887 

Smith, Esefc I >. 1180 

Smith, Fred J.__.. 982 

Smith, George II 1432 

Smith, Herman F 1164 

Smith, Oliver I.. :i.",i 

Smith, Richard S74 

Smnk. Adam 829 

Snyder, John II.. Jr 583 

Southwick, Oliver. P. 12S7 

Southwick, William II !>71 

Spaight, John I ici 

Spensley, Mrs. Eliza 1337 

Spensley, Robert i;::'.s 

Sporbeck, G 'ge W. 1277 

Sprackllng, Charles v. n. 1226 

Stafford, Samuel II. 796 

Stam, Joseph L295 

Stanford, DeWitt 1086 

Starin, Frederick J 1212 

Stoneall, Joseph 695 

Stopple, Herman I 1171 

Stopple, Isaac. Jr 1099 

Stopple, Isaac, Sr 1112 

Stork, Albert 1474 

Stradinger, Oottlob J 1405 

Stubbs, Charles H 1117 

Stupfell, .1. P. 967 

Snessmilch. Ernst L. von 1173 

Sumner, Charles B 11T>1 

Sutherland. Herbert E 1056 

Swartz, Oliver P 1468 


Tappen, George T 720 

Taylor, Benton B 1385 

Taylor, George G 1025 

Taylor, Guy M 11GS 

Taylor, John H 1095 

Taylor. Ora P !>7l 

Taylor, William T 978 

Teetshorn, Fern S 851 

Terrace, Otto Y S33 

Thayer, Henry E iniil 

Thiele, Henry F 1222 

Thomas, R. II 940 

Thorpe, .lames ,i X476 

Tobin, John T 1171 

Trail. Ralph 1235 

Tubbs, Willis J 1092 

Tuft, 1 'avid 12-"i2 

Turner, Thomas W 1375 

Tyrrell, William H ln;,i 


Filer. Clarence F 1272 

Filer. John W 129] 


Van siy.-k. George W 802 

Van Volzer. George M 1315 

\ .mVelzor. Philander K 1100 

Vnitz. Herman. 1068 

V.'SS, .Inllll G 1400 

Voss. John 1 1 1 in 



Wade, Henry II 1312 

Wagner, John 1105 

Walker, Oliver II 622 

Walsh. Frank U ^ ,; 

Walters, Eugene A 921 

Walworth State Hank 820 

Watrous, Edward B 1360 

Weaver, Silas K 1328 

Webb, Sylvester T 1179 

Webster, Joseph P 1152 

Weeks, -Mrs. Esther Ann 1268 

AYeeks. Lewis S 1269 

W.-eks. Martin W 1125 

Weeks, Spencer 1107 

Weeks, Wilbur G 1102 

Welnhoff, Father John J 1104 

Welch. John 860 

Welch, Seymour II 1- : 'L 

Weld. John W 1248 

Welsher, II. J 94:6 

Wendt, Frederick 1 l-"'l 

Wost. Ernest A 835 

West, Frank l"- :: 

Wost. Mark H 1367 

West, Walter A 724 

Westphall, Charles D 1 1" :; 

Wheeler. Isaac I' 898 

While. Edgar E 1296 

White. Henry H 656 

White, Jay II 1384 

Whiting, William H 700 

Wilcox. Thomas II 7::-~ 

Wilear, William H 1469 

Ins, Albert 1' 812 

Williams. Charles M 1201 

Williams. Edward E 578 

Williams. F. H 1233 

Willi:. Mt-. Royal J L416 

Williams, Thomas F !>l- 

Williams. William 11. 1259 

\\ iiiiamson. Andrew 1033 

Wilmer, August 1 133 

w ilmer, Bernard ' l-"' 1 

Wilmer, Charles B L427 

Wilson. John G 1334 

Winn, Henry 1278 

Winn. John II 1003 

Winter, Charles 949 

Winter. Frederick C 1353 

Wisconsin Butter & Cheese Co. — 590 

Wiso. Jonas B s|v 

Wiswell, Charles II 1233 

\v ieoi c ' 

Wormood, Frederick E 746 

Wright, Benjamin F 1313 

Wright, Merrick 868 

Wurth, Charles H 1"'-'l 

Wyiio. George W 1426 

Wylie, Herbert F 1424 


Zaspel, oiio R._ ' W7 

Zuiii. David E 1229 




state: of- illinoi: 




A few of the more plainly told facts or statements derivable from the 
state and federal geological surveys may at least provisionally account for 
the present face of Walworth county. In a prc-glacial age (its beginning 
and end not to be more nearly estimated in calendar years than arc Mar dis- 
tances in statute miles) the rock floor of the southern tiers of Wisconsin 
counties was of latest formation and uplifting from the dark waste of waters. 
As to that backward-stretching segment of eternity, geology is at one with 
Genesis: "The earth was without form and void; and darkness was upon 
the face of the deep." At the beginning of the period called "eocene" — 
morning of life — and by American writers also named Laurentian, an almost 
solitary island of granite or crystalline rock's, in outline a mdely made V, 
covered most of Labrador, a large part of Quebec and Ontario, and the more 
northerly province of Kewatin. It had its lower point near the southern 
shore of Lake Superior, and it enclosed between its arms a larger I tudson's 

Apparently rent from uthern point was a much mallei md, 

lying mostly within the present limits o consin, bul including pari 

the upper Michigan peninsula. Thus early began the relation hip of thi 
states, ending geographically and politically in [836. Besides th< 

iller islands, and excepting the two relatively narrow 1 rked 

the lines of the Appalachian and the Rock) Mountain systems, .-ill on tl 
tinent. from Alaska to Panama. an unlighted, fishless, innavigabh 

The rocky materials of the 1 Ided 

and in other ways distorted by upheaval, and. perhaps, b; ub- 

nce, rose to far greater heights than arc now I 1 be seen on earth. II 
high they wen- is only inferred by widely varying 
but uncertain depth and breadth the later sedimentary and cal 


posits formed by nature's continent-making agencies, in great part, at least, 
from the disintegrated and recomposed materials of those overtowering ranges 
and peaks. The thickly-shrouding vapors which had long shut out the light 
of sun and stars were condensed to water that gathered itself into destructive 
torrents, and the acid-laden atmosphere waited like an obedient servant upon 
the spirit of the flood. There were other helps doubtless, but their dim 
and confused record is best translated or hypothetically explained by patiently- 
observing and ingeniously-conjecturing geologists. 

When the solid foundation was laid the surface of the county was left 
far from even. At several points within the county borders the upper- 
lying rock has been found, by measurement of deep wells, at heights above 
sea level ranging say. between 480 and 870 feet — or from 100 feet below to 
nearly 300 feet above the level of Lake Michigan. Great variation of 
height has been found at points but a mile or less apart. The bottom of 
the low-lying pre-glacial Troy valley was found at 480 to 500 feet; in East 
Tro_\ and Spring Prairie at 530 to 820 feet; in Lyons and Bloomfield at 643 
to 8 11 1 feel : in Troy and Lafayette at 480 to 840 feet: in Geneva and Linn at 
700 to 870 feet : in LaGrange and Whitewater at ( : >6^ to 850 feet; in Sugar 
Creek and Richmond at 600 to 830 feet: in Darien and Sharon at 780 to 
810 feel : in Delavan and Walworth at 500 to 800 feet; at Elkhorn 810 feet. 
These measurements, though too few and perhaps too inexact for a sailing 
chart, may show that the following glacial movements and meltings left the 
surface of the county much better graded for its present uses. An ideal 
column of under lying strata, as shown by the state's geologist is. in order 
of til 

1. Granite or crystalline rocks. 

2. Huronian (iron-bearing) rocks. 

3. Potsdam sandstone. 

4. Lower magnesian limestone. 

5. St. Peter's sandstone. 

6. Trenton and < ralena limestone. 

7. Cincinnati (Hudson River) shale. 

8. Niagara limestone. 
11. ( facial drift. 

For more than one-half of the county the Niagara stratum is wanting, 
and. as depicted on geological charts* a ribbon-like belt of Cincinnati shale 
(dipping toward Lake Michigan 1 divides it from the Trenton and Galena 
formation. The shale bell reaches from the Illinois line, by way of Linn 


and Walworth town-line, to the Troys, whence its course is toward the north 
east corner of the eastern town. 

It is not to be known how many ice sheets have successivel} covered 
some part or all of the county's area, but the so-named Green Bay and Lake 
Michigan glaciers brought the lower loop of the great Kettle moraine into 
the northern part of Lagrange and Whitewater. An attendant or soon fol- 
lowing offshoot of the latter-named glacier moved across Milwaukee. Wau- 
kesha, Racine and Kenosha counties and the lake-shore counties of Illinois, 
and formed the Valparaiso moraine, which reached from Waukesha county 
to Porter county, Indiana, having Burlington in its line of invasion. A spur 
or branch, now named the Delavan lobe of the Lake Michigan glacier, was 
pushed across Walworth, covering most of its southern half and its north- 
western quarter, and meeting the Milton and Johnstown moraines of Rock 
county westward and the Marengo drift southward. Delavan lake and its 
outlet divides this lobe, and hence the Darien and Klkhorn moraines. I 
charts also show a conjectural Genoa moraine less plainly indicated, bul nol 

The latest and most likely greatest of these invading and overwhelming 
ice sheets found here its southmost limit. The arrested mass, heavily 
weighted with the abundant and various spoils of its northern conquests, 
began the long period of its dissolution. As it slowly dropped its burden of 
clay, sand, gravel, pebbles, and boulders its rising torrents found or forced 
their outlets by the winding ways of the present creeks, the valleys of which 
are now far wider than needful to carry gulfward the little floods of spring 
and autumn. To the action of moving and melting glaciers is .ascribed the 
sent contour of the county. It may be supposed that the irregular sur- 
face of the latest rock deposits turned and in other ways affected the general 
course of the glacier across the county, and that fragments of the e ocl 
were borne along from the eastern side of the county to be dropped in 
and counties lying some miles westward. It is even imaginable that the 
tremendous force of the moving mass -tripped the western part of the 
county of it- Niagara stratum, for such effeel el ewhen are attributed to 
such cause. It is also possible that the Elkhorn moraine was formed later 
than the parallel Darien moraine, as the melting mass presented the aspect of 
a body retreating with its face to the front. x lorn 

about a quarter of the county is covered with the earlier moraines, the i 
terials far-brought from the north and mixed with a large portion of pebbles 

and mud torn and ground from nearer-lying rocks. Something coi We 

was added from the outwash of the last g I In drift deposit 


has been found of greatly varying depth ; as at Elkhorn about 275 feet ; at 
points of the Darien moraine from 400 to 600 feet; at Yerkes Observatory 
(in Walworth) 405 feet; at adjacent points in southeastern Rock county 
40 to 100 feet. 

It can not be said with strong assurance that nature's tremendous form- 
ative work is yet finished for this county. The earthquake vibration of 
[908, so distinctly perceived at Chicago, Aurora, and other points not farther 
away, were also felt for an instant here — barely felt, but unmistakably. It 
is probable that no place between the poles, whatever its latitude, is wholly 
and forever exempt from the action of cosmic or of subterranean forces, 
though man very reasonably believes that this earth, if not made ex- 
pressly for his home, has been made generally habitable for him. The dwel- 
lers of Walworth do not as yet feel as insecure as if they had chosen their 
homes at the foot of the Andes. 



At the appearance of human life the surface of the county must have 
been well drained of its greater floods, its higher ridges settled and com- 
pacted, and all that was not covered with water overspread with many forms 
of vegetable growth — subsistence for many forms of lower animal life. 
Walworth is but a small segment of the great area of the upper Mississippi 
vallev and the region of the great lakes, and its superficial aspect is in most 
respects that of the greatly favored belt of southern Wisconsin and northern 
Illinois. There is nowhere within the county a height that, except in loose 
local habit of speech, can be called a hill. Neither are there deep-lying, twi- 
lighted gorges, or other features of nature in her more imposing or more 
wanton character. 


A few official barometrical measurements, in feet above sea level, may 
give a fair notion of the upper and lower limits of unevenness. Railway sta- 
tions, at which most of these observations were taken, are usually on lower 
ground than their villages, and somewhat variable figures are shown in dif- 
ferent tabulations. For instance, the height of Lake Michigan is set down 
at 578 feet and also at 580 feet above sea level. 

Allen Grove (old station) 871 Honev Creek (village) 816 

Allen Grove (new station) .... 918 Lake Beulah I station) 825 

Bardwell S07 Lake I ;ene\ a ( cit] 1 878 

Darien 946 Lyons 1 station) 800 

Delavan 807 Mayhew (station) 865 

Duck Lake (or Lake Como) . . 848 Sharon 1028 

East Troy 850 Springfield 848 

Elkhorn (station) 996 Spring Prairie 920 

Elkhorn (northwestern corner) [137 [>o ' 

Elkhorn (city) 1031 Wal >n) to 

Fayettevile 864 Whitewater 

leva 1 point on section 19) . . 1149 Yerkes Observatory o 

Geneva Lake 852 Z ration) 9§7 




The prairies are nowhere boundless to the eye, and, but for small areas, 
nowhere quite level or greatly rolling! The primitive forests, with tangled 
undergrowth, reached no great distance backward from the margins of 
lakes and banks of creeks. Timber-openings limited and were limited by 
the prairies, and this both agreeably and usefully to pleasure-loving and 
profit-seeking man. The barren gravel knolls are few and conveniently 
distributed. The marshes were usually small, and several of these have 
been drained. The largest was that part of Honey Creek valley locally 
known as Troy marsh, in southern sections (square miles) of that town: 
and Turtle Creek marsh, in the eastern sections of Richmond. 
Both of these have contracted their area and both will soon be added 
to the acreage of dairy land. Pursuant to an act of Congress. 
September 28. 1850, relating to reclamation of swamp and overflowed lands 
unfit for cultivation, a patent signed by President Pierce, December 13, 
1856, granted to Wisconsin all such lands remaining unsold at passage of 
that act. Proceeds of sales from these lands are invested for the benefit of 
the State University. Tracts of this description selected in Walworth 
count) were in the following named towns: 

liloomfield, parts of sections S, 24 'i6o acres 

East Troy, parts of sections 13, 14 80 acres 

Lafayette, parts of sections 4, 8 281.28 acres 

Lyons, part of section 29 40 acres 

Richmond, parts of sections 22, 23, 24, 26 1200 acres 

Sugar Creek, parts of sections 19, 20, 21 443-1 acres 

Whitewater, part of sections 34, 35 80 acres 

2284.38 acres 


Rock river, flowing southward through the county of the same name, 
and thence to the Mississippi, and Fox river, flowing in like direction to the 
same destination through the counties of Racine and Kenosha, receive all 
the drainage of Walworth. The great divide, for the most part, lies nearly 
diagonally southwest and northwest, along the great moraine. Honey 
creek and Sugar creek run by nearly parallel courses — the former from La- 


grange across the Troys, thence southward to section 13, Spring Prairie, 
where it joins the latter within a few rods of the county line, and meets the 
Fox near Burlington. Sugar creek rises in a marsh near Richmond and 
crosses the towns of Sugar Creek. Lafayette and Spring Prairie. 

The outlet of Geneva lake is rather grandly named White river and is 
joined in Lyons by the outlet of Duck lake, ending its crooked course at 
the city of Burlington. Three streams, the west, northwest and northeasl 
branches of the Nippersink, meet a little above Genoa Junction and reach the 
Fox a few miles below Richmond, Illinois. The west branch conies out of 
Linn, crossing and recrossing the state line. The other branches are whollj 
in Bloomfield. The northeast branch is an outlet of Powers lake and its 
little companion lakes, lying along the border of Kenosha county. 

Most of the town of Whitewater is drained by the creek of that name. 
which rises near the Richmond line, flows northward, becomes near the city 
a pair of connected ponds, and, passing into Jefferson county, reaches the 
Rock by way of Bark river. Turtle creek rises in Richmond, receives the 
1 rharge from Delavan lake outlet, crosses Darien (leaving the count) near 
Allen Grove), finds its way to the Rock near Beloit, having crossed the 
towns of Bradford and Turtle. More than one half of the drainage of 
Elkhorn reaches the Turtle by way of Delavan lake inlet and outlet. The 
inlet has but a short course, in northern Geneva and Delavan, south of Elk- 
horn, and among its names have been Wallings, Phillips, and Jackson's creek. 
Straight southward through Sharon and near its eastern line runs the 
Piskasaw, which crosses the state line, traverses McHenry and B01 
counties to merge itself in the Rock in southeastern Winnebago. Thus by 
; t- streamlets, once mighty glacial torrents, Walworth is joined to all the 
oceans between pole and pole. 


The lake region of southeastern Wisconsin includes the counties of 
Dane, Jefferson, Kenosha. Racine, Walworth and Waukesha. The larg 
of the Walworth lakes are Geneva, Delavan, the Lauderdale group, 
and P.eulah, all of which have been made known beyond the county 
borders, by the tongues and pens of men, Mad Longfellow been provi- 
dentially guided to one or all of fhese lake- he mighl have added plea antly, 
if not greatly, to his "poems of places." He may have felt thai local pi 
have rightly some precedence here, and these well bel od 'he lyric 

muse have neither i : nor flagrantly abused their heaven-senl opp 


tunities. The other lakes, in impartial order of alphabet, are: Army, Bass, 
Booth, tun <''>ii]i>>. 1 1 olden' s, Lulu, Mud, Pell's, Pleasant, Potter's, Rus- 
sell's (or Otter), Ryan's, and Silver. Of these, Pleasant is associated in 
many minds with the Lauderdale chain, and Army, Booth and Mud with 
Beulah. Power's lake, in Kenosha county, has one long shore, with enough 
water to keep its pebbles clean, in Bloomheld. A smaller lake (Middle) has 
an end in Bloomfield and a third (Lower) is wholly in that town, and these 
two lead the waters of Powers to the Nippersink. 

As far as is known to the Wisconsin Geological and Natural History 
Survey, of all the inland lakes of the state, the deepest is Green lake, in the 
county of that name, jjj feet. The next deepest is Geneva lake, and in the 
clearness and coolness of its water it has no rival. Its surface is 860 feet 
above sea level, ami 282 feet above Lake Michigan. Its length is about seven 
and live-eighths miles and its area 8.6 square miles. Its very variable width is 
shown by the table below, the results of nearly six hundred soundings taken 
on nine lines measured across the ice from shore to shore. The length of 
these lines and the deepest sounding along each are thus given, beginning near 
the head 01" the lake : 

Miles Feet Deep 

Marengo Park to Fresh Air Association 1.3 102.7 

Cook's Camp to Camp Collie 1.1 142.0 

1 ok's Camp to Williams Bay Pier 2.0 '40.7 

I 'ark to Cedar Point 1.1 123.3 

Across mouth of Williams Bay 0.8 

Black Poinl to Cisco Bay 1.1 ui.o 

\t the Narrows 0.5 75.4 

I'oii' , in. a little west of Button's Bay. .. . 1.4 71.5 

Vlanning's Poinl to opposite shore 0.8 

! lelavan lake is nearh three and three-fourths miles long and its average 

widl iurths of a mile. Its ar.-a is j.7 square miles. It> great- 

ei 1 known depth is 56 7 feet. For the greater part of its area it is more than 

feel deep and little of it 1.'-- than ten to twenty feet. 

The measurements and computations for Beulah ami its companion 

are shown thus: 

Booth Lake Greatest depth. 25.4 feet; area. 125 acres 

Beulah Lake — 

Upper Greatest depth, 67.0 feet; area. 260 ai 

Hind Greatest depth, 40.0 feet: area. [GO acres 


Lower ( Nearest depth, 54.2 feet ; area, 550 acres 

Mill Greatest depth, 51.5 feel ; area. 6i ai 

East Troy Lake (Army) Greatest depth, [6.8 feet; area, 8] acres 

Similar tabulation for the Lauderdale chain shows: 

Green Lake Greatest depth, 56.8 feel ; area, 282 acres 

Middle Lake Greatest depth, 50.0 feet; area. 282 acres 

Mill Lake Greatest depth, 50.0 feet : area. 304 ai 

These officially surveyed lake-- have been of no inconsiderable economic 
value to the county. Their attractions for summer visitors do not as yet 
wither or grow stale, and their influence on the valuation of adjacent real 
estate is evident. 


Stone crops out occasionally along the hank- of creeks, but little quarry- 
ing has been found profitable. Cobblestones and boulders were strewn, not 
thickly, as in the rugged farther-east, but not difficult to gather, in the first 
half century of white man's needs, for wells and foundation walls. The 
lake shallows and creek bottoms supplied much of this homely but readily 
available material. A large three-storied hotel was early built at East Troy 
of little more than fist-sized pebbles, and seems time-defying; and a wayside 
inn, now a sober and substantial dwelling, was built at Tibbets before rail- 
ways came this way, of gravel and lime mortar. 

Brick clay of variable quality has been found and used from an early 
date, making a substantial, though often homely article for home builders. 
The best is that at Whitewater, its bricks having the color and hardness of 
the cream-colored product which once made Milwaukee famous. Generally, 
the bricks from other kilns vary in color from grayish yellow to dull light 
red. Drain tiles have been made for home trade for perhaps a quarter- 

Beds of peat have been worked in the valley of Whitewater creek, but 
without great influence upon the fuel market. Deposits of 
here and there have been worked experimentally, and for a time have raised 
some hopes in the minds of owners. The one great, unfailing, earth-hidi 
resource is spread over all the town-, at plowing depth belov ur- 





There was nothing peculiar to this county in its native trees, shrubs, 
vines, medicinal herbs and weeds. Oaks of the black, burr, pin, red and 
white varieties were by far the most numerous and widely spread, and hence 
most valuable; and these gave their distinctive character to the timber open- 
ings, so inviting to the early comers. Other trees and shrubs were black and 
white ash. basswood, birch, black cherry, black walnut, butternut, red and 
white cedar, crab apple, cranberry, hazel, hickory, ironwood. locust, curly 
and sugar maple, plum, poplar, sumach, tamarack and willow. The oaks, 
at fir>t piled for cabin walls and split for fencing and fuel, were but little 
later hewn for long-lasting framework of houses, barns, mills, churches and 
county buildings, and sawed into scantling, joists, inch boards, and half-inch 
siding; and when railways brought in a full supply of pine lumber the older 
trees became the general source of firewood. Some of these fallen lords of 
the ancient forest may have been thrifty shoots as long ago as the voyages of 
Columbus and Cartier, and many of them must have been acorn-bearers when 
Nicolet came down Rock river valley from the further north, in 1634. A 
few are vet living, seemingly as slow in their dying as in their growing. 
White oak and hickory gave excellent materials to the local wagon makers. 
The earlier joiners found in black walnut a fair supply of easily worked lum- 
ber for inner finish of houses. Since it was taken as it ran through the mills — 
unselected — its color was slightly improved by painting. 

The settlers early became forest conservators, and there has been little 
wanton or accidental destruction. The needs of pioneers and the later fuel 
supply of farmers and villagers nearly exhausted the dead timber and the older 
living trees within the first thirty years. For a few more years the oaks of 
sec. md grow tli gave firewood at a steadily rising price. Thus, good wood, 
often in over-full cords, was sold in [856 at $2.25 to $2.50; in 1866, in even 
cords, at $4.50 to $5: in 1876, in scant cords, at $5.50 to $6; in 1896, in 
loads of dead trunks and dynamite-split stumps, a scant supply at $6. Coal 
began to come into general use after 1X70. and is now. with coke, kerosene. 
and gasoline, for kitchen use. the only fuel available for such as do not own 

a thriftily managed w 1 lot. There are yet many fair-looking and valuable 

grows of trees from six to eight or more inches in diameter, but the fortu- 
nate owner- are able to withold the axe for yet a generation to Come. For 
that space of time, at least, the county will be far from treeless, as the yearly 
growth seems to lie gaining on the few cutters. 



The climate of Wisconsin is probably modified by the presence of the 
great lakes northward and eastward and by the absence of great wind breaks 
east of the Rocky mountains. The prevailing winds of winter which give 
that season its most familiar character, blow from the arc between southwest 
and north, strongly and keenly. Winds from the lakes are much less frost- 
laden. Snow and rain come from every point of the compass-card. Sudden 
changes of weather often surprise wary observers and are more trying than 
greatest heat or cold. The prevailing winds, which make winter so cruel, 
compensate in the warmer seasons }>\ driving away such miasmas as arise 
from the shrinking marshes. The fevers of the prairie-breaking period have 
disappeared and have made way for the disorders of riotous or careless living. 
Pulmonary and bronchial diseases are not so common as might be judg 
likelv from the general weather conditions. The few epidemics are speedily 
limited in severity and duration by the local physicians and boards ol health. 
As long ago as 1857 a physician described the region in which he practiced 
as "distressingly healthy." and this could have been said as truly of the resl 
of the county. 

The summers are variable as to length and temperature, but may be de- 
scribed as short and hot. There is more complaint of drouth than oi ex- 
cessive rain, both of which have been known to spoil the farmer's year; but 
in general the crops grow to fullness and ripen well 111 spite of prophetic 
fears. Untimely frosts, too, sometimes threaten or injure the sproul or the 
unripe ear. The late Robert T. Seymour said, about [876, that he had been 
twenty-three years in the county and had gathered twenty-one good crops 
of corn. 

In [859 and 1863 ii was noted that there was in each of these years at 
least one frosty night in each month. A man who seemed nol overcredul 
remarked that a friend had heard Solomon Juneau say that an aged Menomi- 
nee had told him that such years had occurred quadrennially in southeastern 
Wisconsin for a period reaching as far backward- as [743. Bui neither 
1867 nor any subsequent year before leap year has confirmed this simple rule 
of forecasting a season. The summer of [859, for all it- monthly frost, was 
generally hot and dry. The summer of I'M 1. until near the end of August, 
was warm and dry. and the firsl week of July was superheated in city and 
country. In July and August pipe-layers found tl loist enough 

to hold together in spadefuls at the depth of six feet. Then began, in time 
to save the crops, short local shower-, increasing throughout September and 


October in frequency and duration, and so restored the normal moisture that 
the surface soil is likely to withstand, if need be, another series of dry sum- 

Mr. Dwinnell noted that the winter of 1836-7, endured in new log huts 
by himself and Isaiah Hamblin in Lafayette and by James Van Slyke. wife 
and child at Fontana, was cruelly cold and hard to bear. Mr. Cravath told of 
five feet of snow, January to April, 1843, anc ' a narc ' winter. Mr. Gale arid Mr. 
Simmons also thus noticed this winter. That of 1856-7 was exceptionally cold 
in Michigan and Wisconsin, and the next winter, though somewhat less so,was 
made trying by heavy snow and wild drifts. Builders worked out of doors 
in 1857-8 nearly all winter in shirt sleeves. A heavy fall of snow, each side 
of New Year's, 18H4, was blown into almost impassable drifts, and with this 
such degree of cold as to make the whole month of January for long mem- 
orable ; and this was but slightly mitigated in February. Among later ex- 
tremely cold winters were those of 1872-3. 1874-5. 1887-8, 1894-5. That of 
1875-6 was mild, and the next, or next but one, was so muddy that it was diffi- 
cult to haul half-loads of produce into town. In the first week of November, 
1869, about eighteen inches of snow fell in two days, and lay nearly undis- 
turbed by winds until March. For one full winter sleighing was good where 
(lie Hacks were well beaten. 


The snow blockade of February ami early March, 1881, was general 
throughout most of the northern states. The weather of February 10th was 
unusually mild. Before daylight of the nth began a heavy snowfall, driven 
slantwise at a small angle with the plane of the horizon, from the north-north- 
east, and tin's continued until roads for long spaces were full from fence to 
fence ami deepest railway cuts filled to their tops. New levels thus reached, 
the snow was driven onward to regions of warmer air. After the first heavj 
fall the air was kept full of the liner particles raised and driven by the long 
unresting gale, constantlj setting at naughl the work of snow plows and of 
thousands of shovelers. The fields were swept nearly bare between drifts, 
lint many farmers found long and hard work between house and barn. Vil- 
lages became as pett) sovereignties with a policy of non-intercourse. Resides, 
before the ways were again opened there was reasonable dread of a soon- 
COHling want of flour and fuel. For nearly a month mails were stopped 
Then, having been notified by telegraph that an accumulation of tie-sacks had 
reached Eagle from Chicago, by wa\ of Milwaukee, the postmaster at Elk- 


horn, March 8th, swore in Daniel Lennon as special carrier and sent him out 
by two-horse bob-sled to find his way and flounder through it as best he 
might. He returned in twelve hours, himself and team greatly way-worn; 
Mr. Bradley distributed mail all night, and men received their del.: eel 

and their newspapers which had become back numbers. Railway travel was 
practically suspended about three weeks. 

The only employment for young men was as volunteer shovelers in the 
nearer railway cuts. They soon discharged themselves with blistered faces 
and necks, and eyes for some days blinded from the reflected heat and glare 
of the sun in the snow pits. Older or less active men, finding home a cage, 
wallowed through drifts and fought with the gale to reach hotel, saloon or 
store and soon found the fireside gossip there stale and outworn tor want of 
new material. 

Nicholas Donoghue died about March ist and his body lay unburied for 
a week or more. Isaac Burson died March 5th, at a hotel, and his body lay 
more than fortv-eight hours before it could be taken to his relatives, two 
and one-half miles away, toward Delavan. These few instances may show 
the effectiveness of this historic blockade. 

When the snow no longer filled the air and shovelers began t<> make 
some way through the drifts, men hoped that as the slowly creeping month 
neared the equinox the sun would prevail against the long winter. But, on 
the 19th, the storm returned to Wisconsin, Illinois and Iowa. It seemed tin- 
same snow, driven from the same quarter at the same angle by the same ill- 
intending wind. It was mid-April before all the highways opened. Neat the 
end of May the slowly-melting snow and lower ice lingered in such places as 
the hollow next west of the church near Jacobsville. 



At the coining of Jean Xicolet in 1634 to Green bay and thence by way 
of Rock river to the Mississippi, Wisconsin was well occupied by Chippewas, 
Maskoutens, Menominees (Folles Avoines, or wild rice eaters), Outagamis, 
Pottawattomies, Sauks, Winnebagos, and remnants of other Indian tribes. 
Whatever had been their previous inter-tribal relations, the presence and 
influence of the soon-following French missionaries, traders, and garrisons 
tended somewhat to make the wars of these tribes less frequent. As far as 
this condition was brought about at all. it was done, in great part by arraying 
the natives against the English as their common enemy. Charles Langlade 
led his Indians and French half-breeds to their share in Braddock's defeat, and 
in 1760 to the defense of Montreal. 

A few years after Xew France was no more, British agents directed 
native hostility against the American settlers in the old Northwest Territory as 
the advance guards of the real and forever-encroaching wrongers of the Indian. 
Though after the Revolution the titles of the tribes, from eastern Ohio to 
farther Iowa and Missouri were slowly extinguished by wars and by treaties, 
for yet a half-century after the peace of 1783 the settlers of Illinois and Wis- 
consin were not secure from the terrors of Indian outbreak. The motley de- 
scendants of Langlade, with their full-blooded Indian friends, fought against 
Hai-mar. St. Clair and Wayne, in Ohio, and at Tippecanoe and in the war 
oi 1812-15 they found work for their too willing hands. By a treaty at Fort 
Harmar, July 9, 1789, General Harrison acting in behalf of the United States, 
the chiefs of the Sauks and Pottawattomies ceded the district lying be- 
tween the Fox and the Mississippi, which included about two tiers of Wis- 
consin counties. Black Hawk, always hostile, denied the right of the chiefs 
i" give or sell the lands of the tribes. I lis foolish undertaking, in [832, ended 
in defeat and expulsion of himself and his always intractable tribe, and Indian 
war was no longer possible on this side <>\ the Mississippi. He had received 
some delusive encouragement from the Winnebagos of Rock River valley, 
who may have hoped for him some partial or temporary success while they 
dared not help him openly. It does not appear that the Pottawattomies lis- 


tened to his plans, nor that they greatly shared his blind hatred of white men. 
Their own landlord rights had been signed away at Fort llarmar, and 
the event of the war with England had left them no hope of recovery of their 
ancient domain by trick or force. This county had been a part of their 
patrimony from white man's earliest knowledge. They had at least three 
villages, as late as the coming of the surveyors who staked the corners of 
townships and sections, along the shores of Geneva lake. Bigfoot. one of 
their chiefs, had his village near the site of Fontana, and there was one at 
Williams Bay, and another at the foot of the lake. There had been a village 
on each side of Delavan lake, one at Whitewater, ami part of the tribe hov- 
ered on the eastern line of the county, near Burlington. Squaws had broken 
ground and raised corn before white men came with plow and hoe and they 
boiled maple sap in the valley of Sugar creek. They lingered until [837 l>e- 
fore following the westering trail of most of their race. Bigfool had no eon 
suming love for the evicting white men, and less for their ways of life, but 
he was wise and prudent enough to comply with the terms of the treaty which 
had, in effect, given his hunting grounds to the plow and his fishing places to 
tourist-laden steamers. It is told of him that he asked of a friendly new- 
comer that the graves of two of his wives and a son should be respected, and 
that on that occasion he gave way to much like a Caucasian's emotion. The 
earlier settlers at Geneva, Spring Prairie, and Whitewater saw the disappear- 
ance of these several links between historic and pre-historic Wisconsin. 


Among relics, left for a short time, of the older occupancy were a lew- 
mounds of a period which has left no other sign — a period antedating oldesl 
Algonquin tradition. One of these, lizard-shaped, with legs outspread, tail 
turned northwardly, was at the flat-iron point of Main and Lake streets, Lake 
Geneva. It was fifty to eighty feet long, ten to twelve feet wide, and two to 
three feet high. A large oak stump at its top gave a partial hint of it- age. 
Little more than a block westward was a larger mound, also lizard-shaped, with 
longer tail. Both heads were near the water'- edge. About the head of the 
lake were other mounds, in size and shape not easily determinable, and cov- 
ered with woodland growth. On section 31, town of Geneva, between the 
lakes of Geneva and Como, was a bow-and-arrow shaped earthwork. This 
monument of a forgotten race was alreadj badly in need of the "restorer's 
ingenious art. It was eighty to ninet) feel Ion- and it- form was thai ol a 
bent bow with arrow ready tor flight toward the larger lake, as if unseen 


bowmen lay forever in wait for unwary or daring trespassers. A little west- 
ward from the city of Whitewater, on the crest of a bluff, was an oblong 
mound measuring sixty-five feet from north to south, twenty feet wide, and 
at its middle about five feet high. Less than a half mile northeasterly were 
three conical mounds, about twenty-five feet across and nearly seven feet 
high. Besides these ancient works there were a few smaller burial mounds 
about the count)-, not older than the French dominion. This was shown by 
the contents, which included medals, buttons and trinkets of French make.— 
all taken by irreverent white despoilers from these family vaults. Stone and 
flint weapons and articles used in the lodges have been found and are yet 
occasionally found on or but slightly below the surface, in field and wood- 
land, everywhere about the county. Intelligent local collectors have especially 
noticed the abundance of these relics on both sides of Delavan lake. 

It was for long a reasonable conjecture that the several low mounds on 
and about the Lake Lawn farm conceal evidences of pre-historic occupation 
of the shores of Delavan lake. In March, 1911, Ernest F. and Chester W. Phil- 
lips began to trench across mounds on the family property, and with much 
labor and persistence verified, at one point, the general surmise. At seven 
feet downward they reached an oblong pit, seven by nine feet, carried about 
two feet farther down into a stratum of loose gravel. The pit was floored 
with loose cobble-stones made even with sand, and its walls were also of loose 
stones in the way of skillful well diggers. Two skeletons sat in opposite 
corners, and twelve more were laid or piled between; but no relics of other 
kind had been placed there, nothing to hint that they were killed in battle, 
sacrificed to the gods of their enemies, drowned while the lake spirit was in 
angriest mood, or swept away by swiftly marching pestilence. A local paper 
remarked truly: "The finding of these bones affords rare play for the imag- 
ination." The pit had been filled with loose earth, and a covering of clay 
baked from the top to something like the hardness of brick. The mound. 
rounded above all. is about forty feet across and four feet high. It is probable 
that the State Archaeological Society will in its own time describe with exact- 
ness and fullness, and will deduce with scientific care and conclusiveness. 

GEOGR \ T ■ 1 1 Ic \I. NAMES. 

One relic of the long Algonquin occupation is all but absent, that of 
Indian names on the county maps. Only Nippersink and Piskasaw have been 
so preserved, and these, without doubt, in such clipped and weakened forms 
as no Algonquin purist, trying to restore or re-create the classic dialects and 


literature of his people, could accept as better than "pidgin" Indian. Seme >i' 
the fathers of the county learned a few of the less difficult Pottawattomie 
words for familiar objects, but did not permanently enrich the pioneer speech 
with these graceful or vigorous terms. Bigfoot's English name was for a very 
short time given to his lake; but better taste prevailed, and his only monu- 
ment on the map is but a four-corners postoffice on the Illinois side of a state- 
line road, south of Walworth, though the adjacent prairie in that town is still 
so named locally. 

The natives had named most of the lakes and creeks, and the present 
names are translations or paraphrases of the Pottawattomie or other original 
terms. But there were alternative forms of a few of these names, as if there 
had been difference of dialect or other circumstance. A few of these uncouth 
names have been preserved, though with some doubt as to accuracy of their 
spelling : 

Bigfoot — Mang-go-zid, Muh-mang-go-zid, Mu-sha-o-zet, Mauk-suek, 
Mauk-soe, Pok-toh, Ke-che-sit. 

Duck Creek — She-sheip-se-pee. 

Duck Lake — She-sheip-bess. 

Geneva Lake — Gee-zhich-qua-wauk, Kish-wau-ke-toe, Gee-zihig-wau- 
gid-dug-gah, Kish-wau-keak. 

Honey Creek — Mish-qua-woc, Ah-moo-sis-po-quet-se-pee. 

Sugar Creek — Sis-po-quet-se-pee. 

Swan Creek — Wau-ba-shaw-se-pee. 

Swan Lake — Wau-ba-shaw-bess. 

Whitewater — Wau-be-gan-naw-pe-kat, Wau-bish-ne-pa-wau. 

The government's surveyors were instructed to preserve in their field 
notes the native terms for lakes and streams: but such a list as the foregoing 
would have been modified greatly or disregarded wholly in the usage of the 
settlers, few of whom came from Maine ami none Mom Gulliver lands. 



An early sequence of the peace of 1783 was the removal of the generally 
hostile Iroquois tribes from old Tryon county and farther Xew York to 
Canada, and the restriction of the remnant families and part tribes of friendly 
Indians to small and but temporary reservations in Genesee Valley. The 
great wilderness westward of the counties along the Hudson and- the lower 
Mohawk were thus opened at once to peaceful settlement. Central, northern 
and western Xew York, and the bordering tier of Pennsylvania counties, filled 
rapidly with men of Xew England. Hunger for broader and more tillable 
fields, and thirst for the "unearned increment" of farm values and selling 
prices of village lots — better material conditions — were primary causes of this 
swift, noiseless flight from Egypt. But the secondary cause lay closely behind. 
These work-hardened men were organizers of towns, counties and states ; and 
their influence upon political, industrial and commercial life was felt im- 
mediately. As they followed the course of the sun, having all the west before 
them and Providence their guide, they threw off much of the burden of older 
colonial ideas, and wherever they halted, they founded a more liberal Xew 
England, one of the nineteenth century then at hand rather than of the out- 
worn century of the Pilgrims. The great advance guard of the invasion hav- 
ing secured a first choice of farms and town sites, the later divisions of this 
grand army, reinforced by a yet small European immigration, found the great 
lakes an easy mad to the broad Northwest Territory. They carried with them 
their household goods and much besides. Caesar and his fortunes were but 
a light burden compared with theirs. If not all of these men were conscious 
of the near-lying possibilities ami responsibilities before them, there were 
among them men who hoped greatly for themselves, for their country and For 

hour states had grown from the joint cession of territory by Virginia, 
Massachusetts and Connecticut, and the fullness of time had arrived for \Vis- 
consin, which was then known as an Indian country, a fair field for trade in 
furs and whisky, and as having in its southwestern corner a workable de- 
posit of lead ores. 1 '['Ik- barbarous heraldry of the state seal quarters the 


mattock with the anchor, plow, and sledge hammer, with a miner and a sailor 
as supporters, almost the last device that could occur to men who knew the 
state's real resources. But the motto. "Forward," is English and significant, 
and nearly atones for the blazonry). The establishment of a land office at 
Milwaukee and the contract-letting to surveyors for the work of finding and 

staking the corners of townships and of their sectional subdivisions was - 1 

followed by the long memorable business crisis and panic of J 837. Though 
this was truly a national calamity, it had some determining influence on the 
general character of the first great wave of immigration to southeastern 
Wisconsin and northern Illinois — the latter then hardly less a wilderness than 
the former — and in some way wrought not ill for our county. Settlements 
and nearly atones for the blazonry.) The establishment of a land office at 
tives, friends, and friends' relatives and friends — fleeing from commercial 
and industrial disaster in the East — to this rather than to some other segment 
of the western paradise. Many of these newer comers journeyed by the easy 
way of the lakes to Milwaukee, Racine and Southport, and thence by Indian 
trail or territorial road to their much desired journey's cud; for, fair and fer- 
tile as were the fields passed over, there were friends and equally fair prospects 
but a dav or two's travel forward. Xot a few- came overland from their old 
homes in covered wagons — "prairie schooners." 

The stout-hearted men of 1836 and 1S37 had budded better than they 
knew, though they had not worked blindly nor without large purpose. They 
had taken the first step which costs and also counts at so many of men's be- 
ginnings, and which made the way of their followers a little easier than their 
own had been. A colonial clergyman, preaching an "election sermon" to men 
of .Massachusetts, in 1688, said that God had sifted a whole nation, that He 
might send choice grain into the New England wilderness. It was no inferior 
grain, sifted largely from the Eastern states with a not negligible quantity 
From the British empire and from Germany, which sowed this county with 
home-builders from whom was to proceed a generation of nation-defenders. 

It is not now and here needful to exalt overduly the character and ability 
of the founders nor to set them greatly above the fair average of American 
citizens of their time, hew of them were saints, though a large pi 
them were God-fearing and man-loving, and nearl) all were well bred in obi 
ience to law and in respeel for social order: and all were in some wa\ useful, 
each to others. Their new situation called into readj action the ancient virl 
of hospitality to strangers at their cabin doors anil of neighborly helpfulness 
and indulgence: though they differed sturdily, like men of many minds, y 
interests, ami prejudices. Like comrades in arms, and like all who mec' like 


dangers and difficulties, these men soon learned each other's general or special 
value, and neither could nor would they suffer a foible or two to hide true 
worth wholly out of sight; for, just then, men were more wanted than ideal 
perfection in men's garments. 

The pioneers had left orderly, well-governed communities, where 
churches, schools, public records, newspapers, mails, roads and all such 
agencies as bind men together in large and in small communities are human 
nature's daily needs; and such were the needs of the men and women of Wal- 
worth after their first provision for shelter, food and fuel. Another early need, 
too, has been noted — that of "allotting a portion of the virgin soil as a ceme- 
tery, and another portion as the site of a prison," and these needs were not 
long neglected. The early settlers included men of such various callings that 
most of the work required by their simpler life could be done among them 
from passably well to skillfully. Besides the indispensable farmers, house- 
builders, mill-wrights, sawyers, millers, blacksmiths, shoemakers, and tailors, 
there came at once surveyors, physicians, preachers, teachers, lawyers, re- 
tailers, inn-keepers, and moneylenders. A community so meeting and form- 
ing on prairies and among venerable trees might be likened to houses framed, 
marked and shipped to a colony across the sea, there to "rise like an exhala- 


As to the old homes, it may be said more specifically and without great 
inaccuracy that while every New England state, nearly every county of New 
York, and many counties of the Western Reserve of Ohio sent within a dozen 
years each its contribution, the greater number were from Vermont, western 
Massachusetts and Connecticut, the counties of northern, central and western 
New York, with those along both banks of the Hudson, the northern tier of 
Pennsylvania, and northeastern Ohio. But there were also noticeably men of 
New Jersey, the upper Delaware counties of Pennsylvania and of those along 
her southern tier; besides men who had first sojourned in Michigan. Indiana 
and Illinois. There were a few from "Kvangeline-land," descended from men 
of Connecticut and eastern Long Island who went in 1760-61 to make Xova 
Scotia of Acadie, and Cornwallis, Horton, and Aylesford from the parish of 
Grand Pre, and also to set up for Rev. Thomas Handley a pulpit in place of 
Father Kclicien's altar. 

Men of foreign birth found their way here easily, though they were not 
:it first very numerous. As transportation improved, their movement this way 
was somewhat quickened, and more noticeably after the Irish famine of 1847 


and the German revolution of [848-49. Irishmen diffused themselves through- 
out the towns and villages and most of them are now hardly known but as 
Americans. Germans lodged themselves at first in the towns along the ea > 
era county line, but have set themselves no such permanent limit. Hardly one 
of the thirty-two counties of Ireland is unrepresented here. Xeail 
German state, large and small, has furnished the county with some share ol 
its muscles and its mind, though the later arrivals appear to be chiefly fi 
the northern parts of the empire. Norwegians came in time to bu) govern- 
ment land, and their names are found mostly in town records of Lagrange, 
Richmond, Sugar Creek and Whitewater. There has never been a noticeable 
colored element of our population, owing, most likely, to the superior attrac- 
tions of the greater cities along Lake Michigan and Rock river. How much 
our foreign-born citizens are of us as well as with us may he inferred fairly 
from some hundreds of names of soldiers of the Civil war. The number of for- 
eign-born citizens now living here is but a small proportion of the whole popu- 



YYhencesoever they came, the men of 1836-61 were mostly of American 
descent, and all of American ideas, beliefs, feelings, habits and purposes, as 
they well proved in their later lives as well as in the current of all their lives. 
It was quite natural for these men, when their most pressing home wants were 
supplied by their activity and ingenuity, to call themselves together to or- 
ganize for local self-government; and within six years a part of the lately un- 
bounded wilderness had been set off by mathematically determined county 
lines with sixteen township subdivisions, and as many new names added to 
the national gazetteer. Thus geographical definiteness took the place of New 
France and Northwest Territory, and town 3 north, range 18 east, became 
Spring Prairie. 


He who first stands upon soil hitherto untrodden by civilized men. him- 
self for the hour the vanguard of westward-moving empire, instinctively looks 
about him for water and timber. Mills must be built, and water power sites 
are likeliest to be soon at a premium. Hence, at first sight the attractions at 
the foot of Geneva Lake were irresistible. Similar, though not equal, oppor- 
tunities at the lakes of Delavan and Whitewater and at the rapid places of 
the several creeks could not for long be overlooked. The sub-contract for 
establishing township lines from Beloit eastward to Pake Michigan had been 
let in [835 to John Brink and John Hodgson, who, with Jesse Eggleston, 
Reuben T. and William Ostrander as assistants, began work immediately. 
Taking two tiers of towns at once they readied Geneva lake early in Septem- 
ber. They meandered ( in surveyor's sense ) the circumference of the lake and 
made the first official chart, showing its form and area. At the foot of the 
lake Mr. Brink took note, on his own and Hodgson's account, of -olden possi- 
bilities there, blazed and marked a few trees to indicate the priority of his 
claim to the town site and water right, and passed eastward with his compass 
and field notes. He was a native of < (ntario county. New York, his birthplace 
near Geneva, which is at the foot of Seneca lake. He may have read of Pake 



Leman and the city of the Allobroges and of John Calvin. However this may 
have been, he did not like the name of Bigfoot, by which Mrs. Kinzie, as early 
as 1832. had mentioned the lake, nor any of its Pottawattomie equivalents or 
alternatives — all barbarously uncouth and nearly irreducible to writing. Ik- 
then and there named the lake for all coming time, and his good taste has 
never been questioned; for even the land office did nol insist upon "Gei 
zhich-qua-wauk." or "Kish-wau-ke-toe." The western end of this gifl of the 
glaciers had been passed not infrequently by officers and soldiers on their 
journeys between Chicago and Fort Winnebago ( Portage City). About [830 
Lieut. Jefferson Davis had ridden by that route, and in his latest years re- 
called his pleasing impressions of his view of the lake as he passed. 

In 1832, as soon as Black Hawk and his tribe were defeated and driven 
across the Mississippi, the bloody disturbances — killings, scalpings and burn- 
ings — about Xaperville ended forever. It was thus safe for Christopher 
Payne to leave the fort at Chicago and go in search of the mill site at the foot 
of Geneva lake, a fair description of which had been given him by a half 
breed trader. He reached the Xippersink valley, in Bloomfield. but for want 
of food for a much longer journey forward he went back to Chicago. Had 
he found the trail and followed it for another hour or two he would have 
reached the object of his search about three years earlier than Mr. Brink's 
arrival, and the annals of earliest Lake Geneva would have losl a long and 
but moderately interesting chapter. Early in 183d he set forth again, this 
time from Squaw Prairie, near Belvidere, and with him George \V. Trimble. 
his son-in-law. and Daniel Mosher. At the end of two days he found tin- 
mill site and the unplatted city, but did not find (or be disregarded if he 
found) Mr. Brink's claim-marks. Having eaten their provisions, they went 
back, but came again in March, built a log house and returned to Squaw 
Prairie. Early in April they were a third time on the ground, and they began 
to build a dam across the outlet. 

John Hodgson, of the surveying party, whose work bad been to -take 
section corners within Mr. Brink's township lines, ami William Ostrander had 
been left to occupy and improve the claim a- made in 1S35, and to prevent 
encroachment. They, too, had claims there. Mr. Payne came while they 
were at Milwaukee whither they had gone for provisions. The winter at 
Geneva was long and lonesome, and Milwaukee was more attractive, even in 

its infancy, — else Payne's three comings, in tin 1 of two months, would 

not have escaped their earlier notice. On their return they trii h n words 

and turf-throwing would do and then sent to Milwaukee for reinforcements. 
In the short meantime other men had become interested. Brink's men at 


Geneva had sold a quarter interest in his claim to Charles A. Noyes and 
Orrin Coe: and Payne's sun. Uriah, after the first defeat, had given his one- 
third share of his father's claim to Robert Wells Warren, for which the latter 
agreed to help in recovering and holding the larger remnant. Air. Warren 
was as bold and persistent as Payne, and much more resourceful and politic 
than the old frontiersman. The needs of the situation soon compelled com- 
promise, and Air. Hodgson, acting in Air. Brink's name, sold all rights in 
dispute for two thousand dollars. Peace was restored, but anger and resent- 
ment were not soon soothed into forget fulness. On the one hand. Payne com- 
plained that he had been forced to "buy his own pocketbook" at an extortion- 
ate price. On the other side. Brink and Reuben T. Ostrander denied Hodg- 
son's authority to sell more than his own claim. Other men were coming to 
the building of a new city, and their ears were soon tired of these complain- 


While this war was breaking out Palmer Gardner had settled quite peace- 
fully on section 26 of Spring Prairie, and Gardner's Prairie was for long 
afterward a convenient geographical term for that part of the township. 
Though then unmarried, he built a cabin, broke ground, and raised a crop of 
grain and potatoes. He was not without neighbors, even in 1836. Ten or 
twelve families came that year, and a few single men besides. 

In 1835 Major Jesse Meacham, a soldier of 1812-15, and Adolphus 
Spoor set out from Washtenaw county, Michigan, to look before leaping into 
a new Troy. They marked their claims, and the next year came with families 
and goods to stay and pass thence into local history. 

Asa Blood, later of Sugar Creek, and a young man named Roberts, of 
whom later trace is not thus far found in records, built a cabin near the village 
of East Troy, on the north side of Honey creek. Mr. Roberts appears to 
have made and sold an earlier claim in Troy. This later act and sign of pos- 
session was in tin- spring of 1836. 

James Van Slyke had first halted, with his family, at the foot of the 
lake; but in the fall of [836 he built bis house near Bigfoot's village in the 
town of Walworth. \ child, named Geneva, had been born at the other end 
of the lake, and Miss Van Slyke ami her parents passed the first winter of bel- 
li fe in the new house at Fontana. 

Harry Kimball came late in [836 and made his claim mi section 6, of 
Bloomfield, within easy distance of tin.' settlement at Geneva, and went home 
to Cooperstown. New York. The next spring he came with bis son, Oramel, 
and built his house. 


Col. Samuel Faulkner Phoenix entered the county, at its Spring Prairie 
gateway, early in July, 183d. After a few explorations of the country about 
Duck, Geneva and Swan lakes and Sugar creek, keeping Spring Prairie as his 
base of operations, he determined his settlement, early in August, by taking 
his movables to the bank of Swan lake outlet, and with him went Allen Per- 
kins. About two months later William Phoenix, the Colonel's cousin, reached 
the new city with his family. Henry, the Colonel's brother, presently came 
and the two became partners in business. Having founded his city and dedi- 
cated it to perpetual temperance, the Colonel named it in honor of Edward C. 
Delavan, of Albany. A few years later Swan lake was renamed Delavan. Mr. 
Perkins soon returned to the eastern side of the county, leaving all the honors 
and prospects at Delavan to the house of Phoenix. 

Isaiah Hamblin came earliest to Lafayette, with his wife as evidence of 
his intention to stay. This was in June, 1836. Rev. Solomon Ashle) Dwin- 
nell, Elias Hicks, Alpheus Johnson, Sylvanus Langdon, Charles Chauncey 
Perrin, and Isaac Vant came before the year's end — at least, to mark their 
several claims. Mr. Dwinnell notes that the following winter was unus- 
ually severe. Houses had been built, and some of these were occupied in 
spite of the difficulties of place and season. 

Major John Davis, though unmarried, built near Silver lake, in Sugar 
Creek, and lived somehow through the winter of [836-37 under his own ridge- 
pole. The next year brought him neighbors, but he moved onward, oul of 
county annals. 

Late in 1836 John Powers built his house in the town of I. inn. nol far 
from Mr. Payne's at Geneva and .Mr. Kimball's in Bloomfield. Hi- family 
came at next springtime, and thus perfected his citizenship of Linn. 

The settlement at Elkhorn was planned in [836 by I. el '.rand Rockwell, 
his brother, and their friend. Horace Coleman. Early in 1S37 Mr. Rock- 
well and Mr. Coleman came to find the stake where the four central town-, 
met. At Spring Prairie. Hollis Latham joined them. Within another fort- 
night Mr. Rockwell, with Daniel 1-;. and Milo E. Bradley, hut without Mr. 
Coleman, who thought not over well of the proposed site — perhaps becausi 
lacked water power — were again at the pivotal stake. They built a cabin on 
section 6 of Geneva. Mr. Latham made In- claim in the same section, and 
Albert Ogden. who had come with them from Milwaukee, chose hi- I 
section 1 of Delavan. The elder Bradley had come in the inten >1 of Lewis J. 
Higbv. who afterward bought land in section 5 of Richmond. 
' '(4) 



Whatever honor may be due to the memory of the first actual settler 
within the county, that is the unquestionable right of Christopher Payne, a 
man who — to compare the smaller with the greater — was much of the texture 
and quality of the famous frontiersmen of the post-Revolutionary period, and 
a not unworthy forerunner of the men of the pioneer years. His priority of 
settlement, though it was by a few weeks only, is clear enough, and his easily 
admitted claim to such distinction may be regarded as yet stronger from his 
adventure in 1832. As to the great dispute. Judge Gale and Mr. Simmons, 
both high-minded men and good lawyers, were of opinion that Mr. Brink 
was wholly in the right. Had neither lie nor Mr. Payne ever crossed the 
county line the first settlement would have been made early in 1836, and the 
site of Lake Geneva would not long have been overlooked nor unoccupied. 
Before the end of 1837 every town was more or less settled, though neither 
the towns nor the county had been officially named. In earlier records, as at 
the land-office, these minor divisions are described as towns 1, 2, 3, 4, north 
of base line on the boundary of Illinois and Wisconsin, ranges 15, 16, 17, 18 
east of meridian passing northward along the western line of Lafayette 


The first comers sometimes found worse to meet and overcome than the 
sullenly retiring Indians, hard winters and all the hardships of breaking 
ground for planting a new community. To mark a few trees, or even to build 
a hut, did not in every instance secure the actual settler in possession of his 
claim; though public opinion, as represented by his neighbors, was on the side 
of equity — that is, was favorable to the man who came to stay as against 
grasping speculators. Judge Gale wrote of these perniciously enterprising 
gentry: "The alternating prairies, openings, and groves of heavy timber, 
meandered with numerous creeks and small rivers having an abundance of 
water power, early attracted attention of explorers; and while the surveyors 
were at work in the spring ami summer nt'iN^o these adventurers were thread- 
ing the valleys and selecting advantageous sites for imaginary villages and 
cities. These baseless claims were sometimes insisted on as real, when neces- 
sary to give priority over some 'intruding' actual settler who had made his 
claim at the same place; and the slight differences of memory between con- 
tending claimants were settled in favor of him who could rally to his aid the 
most pugnacious followers." 


Mr. Dwinnell wrote that in [837 the settlers organized associations for 
mutual protection in holding three hundred and twenty acres each, — each un- 
married woman one hundred and sixty acres. Fathers wen allowed one 
hundred and sixty acres for each minor son. Committees were chosen to tr) 
and to settle disputed titles. An instance of committee-justice is told. The 
defendant in possession was found to have a clear right, but was obliged to 
pay half of the costs of an unreasonahle neighbor's attempl to eject him. Few 
settlers had money, but such as had valuable timber claims were helped by 
the money lenders at the moderate rate of one hundred per cent, for three 
years' use. Such easy terms were quite providential for men who had soon 
exhausted such slender means as the cost of their westward movement had 
left them. To these several aids to prosperous settlement was added the long- 
famous currency of the period. Since wampum had just been demonetized, 
this paper stuff, when brought to this side of the lake, was in effect legal 
tender; but not so if the latest holder, who had had no choice but to accept it, 
should try to move it in the direction of its source at Kalamazoo or Tecumseh 


A land sale of one hundred townships in southeastern Wisconsin was 
advertised by the land office at Milwaukee, to begin November i<>. 1838. The 
settlers, mostly unprepared to pay. asked and gained a delay until February 
18. 1839. Sales began with townships 1 to 10. ranges from lake shore west- 
ward, and amounted to four or five townships daily. The lands of this count) 
were sold between February 25th and March 5U1. and the settlers held their 
own claims. Sales were made to highest bidder on each tract, starting at I 
government's minimum price, one dollar and twenty-five cents per acre. Men 
of Walworth would have shown themselves degenerate descendants of their 
eastern ancestors had they not found some useful device by- which to prevent 
competitive bidding. The several home associations were repre ented by 
agents empowered to buy for their non-attending neighbors, and these agents 
were numerous enough to constitute an effective physical force if. in their 
judgment, fair play should need such help. If the minimum price was rai 
an agent would follow until his bid became highest— as high, if necessary, 
twenty dollars. If payment was not made that day the bidding w 1 md 

the same land was started next day at the lowest rate, and was usually sold 
at that price without further annoyance from pre', ion- competitor-. If, how- 
ever, a speculator was disposed 1- renev hi- bidding, the affair became the 
concern of all the agents. Such presumption wa >n beaten oul of the man 


who dared to oppose superior numbers, or was washed away in the otherwise 
undefiled water of Menominee river. Christopher Payne and Major Meacham 
were not the only ready-witted, stout-willed, rude-handed men then in Wal- 



Wisconsin, having passed from French to English and thence to Ameri- 
can possession, was included in the old Northwest Territory until 1800. when 
it became part of Indiana Territory. In [809 it was joined to Illinois Terri- 
tory, and in 1818 to Michigan Territory, the latter organized in 1805 In 
1836 the territory of Wisconsin (less the northern peninsula given to Michi- 
gan to placate her for the loss of the Ohio strip) was organized, and in 1838 
Iowa was detached from its imperial domain. On admission as the thirtieth 
American state, in 1848. it suffered the loss of the region between St. Croix 
river and the upper Mississippi. 

With territorial government came need of new counties. Iowa. < raw- 
ford and Milwaukee were at once set off from Brown (with Des Moines and 
Dubuque across the river). In 1838 Milwaukee county, though much the 
smallest of these, was most sub-divided, and one of the new counties was 
named for the then chancellor of the state of New York, Reuben 1 [yde Wal- 
worth, of Saratoga, the last of a short, illustrious line of judges (beginning 
in 1777 and ending with 1847). But not as chancellor was he thus honored 
in Wisconsin. He was also president of the New York Stale Temperance 
Society, and his name, with that of Edward C. Delavan, of Albany, were 
thought peculiarly fit for a new county and one of its towns, — since the town 
was already founded on a moral idea, and pious men of Delavan, Spring 
Prairie and Geneva were trying to build the county on the same foundation. 
Judge Walworth was born in 1788 and died in 1807. In 1848 he was the 
defeated Democratic candidate for governor, his name on the ("ass and 
Butler ticket of the divided party. He lived to compile a valuable genealogy 
of his mother's family, descendants of John Hyde, of Norwich, Connecticut. 

Walworth county lies along the northern line of Illinois, it- eastern 
about twenty-seven miles from the slightly irregular shore of ] ake Michigan. 
It is twenty-four miles square, its center in latitude \2 41' north, and longi- 
tude 88° 32' west. The bordering counties are Rock on the west, Jefferson 
and Waukesha north. Racine and Kenosha east, Boone and McHenry south. 
Its sixteen townships were in 1838 included in five towns, of wi ivan 


was the southwestern quarter of the county, Elkhorn the northwestern quar- 
ter, Geneva the southeastern quarter, while the northeastern quarter was just- 
ly divided between Spring Prairie and Troy. In 1842 a census was taken for 
reapportionment of legislative representation. Sheriff Mallory and Under 
Sheriff Oatman performed this work, and Mr. Davis recorded their returns 
in Vol. 1, pp. 422-446, of Mortgages. It is evident from the face of this 
record that the returns were clerically well made. Mr. Davis was a shrewd 
and competent business man, but his spelling and writing were rather old- 
fashioned, even for seventy years ago. He followed his copy with faithful 
intent, and the list of eight hundred and seventy-five names has as few errors 
as most of such records. Only the heads of households are shown by name, 
with number of males and females set against each name. It is plain that 
many unmarried men thus missed entry by name; for several households 
numbered from twelve to twenty-five. The sum of this enumeration, if the 
register's crabbed figures are rightly read and added, was four thousand six 
hundred and eighteen. The five towns had become nine, and a tenth was fore- 
shown by returning two sheets for Troy. Richmond and Whitewater had 
been taken from Elkhorn; Darien and Walworth (the latter including 
Sharon) from Delavan; while Geneva and Spring Prairie were unchanged. 
In a year or more afterward each land-office division had been named and 
organized for home rule. The village of Elkhorn, laid out in 1837, spread 
itself loosely into four sections, lying in as many towns. This was soon found 
inconvenient for various county purposes, and in 1846 section 1 of Delavan, 
section 6 of Geneva, section 31 of Lafayette, and section 36 of the town of 
Elkhorn were set off as a new town and village of Elkhorn, and the larger 
remnant of the old town was renamed Sugar Creek. Thus, the list of towns 
became complete : Bloomfield, Darien, Delavan, East Troy, Elkhorn, Geneva, 
Hudson, Lafayette, Lagrange, Linn, Richmond, Sharon, Spring Prairie, 
Sugar Creek, Troy, Walworth, Whitewater. In 1865 Hudson was newly 
named Lyons. (In the newer county of St. Croix the names of Hudson, 
Richmond, Springfield and Troy are repeated.) 


At the four sessions of the second Territorial Assembly. 1838-40, one 
member sat in the Council and two in the House of Representatives for the 
joint district of Rock and Walworth counties. At both sessions of the third 
Assembly (December, 1840, and December, 1841 i. four members appeared in 
the lower House. At the fourth Assembly two councihnen sat for the dis- 



trict. At the fifth (.and last) Assembly, 1847-48, these counties were separ- 
ately represented in both Houses. 

When Wisconsin put on statehood, in 1848, the counties of Jefferson, 
Green, Milwaukee, Racine (including Kenosha), Rock and Walworth con- 
stituted the first of her two congressional districts. In 1852 lefferson. Green 
and Rock were made part of a new district, the other counties remaining the 
first of three districts. In 186 J the first district was left unchanged, though 
the state had gained three members of Congress. In 1872 .Milwaukee was 
dropped and Rock added. In 1882 Waukesha was exchanged for Jefferson. 
From 1892 to 1912 the counties of the first district have been ( rreen, Kenosha, 
Racine, Rock and Walworth. 

For the state Senate thirty-three members were chosen biennially- [or 
odd-numbered districts in even-numbered years, for even-numbered districts 
in odd-numbered years — until 1882, when the sessions becacic biennial and 
the terms quadrennial. Walworth was a senate district from 1848 to 1870, — 
at first numbered fourteenth. In 1853 it was numbered twelfth. In 1872 it 
was joined to Kenosha and numbered eighth. In 1892 it was joined with 
several towns of Rock to make the twenty- fourth. This apportionment was 
found unconstitutional, because not composed of entire assembly districts, and 
in 1896 the two assembly districts of Walworth, with one of Jefferson, made 
up the twenty-third senate district. Since 1902 the whole of these two coun- 
ties compose the twenty-third. 

From 1848 to 185 1 the county chose five assemblymen. The towns of 
the first district were East Troy, Spring Prairie, Troy. Those of the second 
district were Lagrange, Richmond, Whitewater; third district, Darien, Linn, 
Sharon, Walworth; fourth district, Bloomfield, Geneva, Hudson; fifth district, 
Delavan, Elkhorn, Lafayette, Sugar Creek. m 

From 1852 to 1855 there were six districts: First, Elkhorn, Geneva, 
Hudson; second, Lafayette, Sugar Creek, Troy; third, East Troy, Spring 
Prairie; fourth, Lagrange, Richmond, Whitewater; fifth, Darien, Delavan, 
Sharon; sixth, Bloomfield, Linn, Walworth. 

From 1856 to 18(15 the county was divided quarterly: the Geneva dis- 
trict numbered one, the Delavan district two, the Whitewater districl tli 
the East Troy district (with Elkhorn) four. 

From 1866 to 1883. three districts: Fir i. Darien, Delavan, Richmond, 
Sharon, Walworth; second. Bloomfield, Elkhorn, Geneva, Lafayette, Linn, 
Lyons, Spring Prairie: third, East Troy, Lagrange, Sugar ' reek, Tro 


From 1884 to 1890 ( with biennial terms) the western half of the county, 
less the town of Walworth, was the first district. The rest of the county, 
including Elkhorn, was the second district. 

From 1892 to 1900 the northern half, with Elkhorn, became the first 
district, the eight southern towns the second district. One more reduction, in 
1902, has made the whole county one assembly district. 

This steady loss of representation is due to the small increase of popu- 
lation here since the monetary panic of 1857, while Milwaukee and the north- 
ern counties have multiplied mightily. The several Federal enumerations 
have shown but one decrease — between 18^0 and 1870: 

1840 2,61 1 1880 26,249 

1850 17.83 2 1890 27,860 

i860 26,496 1900 29.259 

1870 25,972 [910 29,614 

The legislative membership is constitutionally fixed at thirty-three sena- 
tors and one hundred assemblymen, and thus Walworth's loss is gain else- 
where in the state. But the county has yet some noticeable influence in legis- 
lation, and she is yet of some appreciable political value. 


In 1837 citizens of the present county of Walworth went to Milwaukee 
as plaintiffs or defendants in cases at law. In 1838 the county was attached 
temporarily, for judicial purposes, to the new county of Racine. In April, 
1839, a federal judge held a term of court at Elkhorn. The federal judicial 
district of eastern Wisconsin includes Walworth. One citizen of this county, 
the late George Nelson Wiswell, was President Harrison's federal marshal 
for this district. 

From the beginning of state government this county has been of the 
first judicial circuit, — until 1869, with Green, Kenosha. Racine and Rock: 
since that year, with Kenosha and Racine only. Circuit judges are chosen 
at April elections, their term of six years beginning in the following Janu- 
ary. The current term of office began on the first Monday of January. 1908. 

fudges of probate were chosen in the period between [840 and 1849. 
A line of county judges began in January, 1850. Their functions were sub- 
stantially those of the probate judges, with slight additions to their jurisdic- 
tion in later years, until 1907. "An act to confer civil ami criminal jurisdic- 
tion on the countv court of Walworth county" was published June 20th of 


that year. By this act the county court has concurrent jurisdiction with the 
circuit court in all actions of law and equity in which the sum at issue does 
not exceed twenty-five thousand dollars; in actions of foreclosure of mort- 
gages and mechanic's liens; in actions for divorces and annulment of mar- 
riage contract; of title to real estate; of partition of real estate; and in all 
criminal cases except murder, manslaughter and homicide. Issues of fad 
may be tried with or without jury. Since iqoi special terms of county court 
may be held at Whitewater. Of course, all the county judges have been 
lawyers of good personal and professional repute; though, in 1885, a some- 
what vigorous effort was made to open the way to the county bench for men 
not bred to the "insipid clamor of the bar." The act of 1907 seems not likely 
to encourage another such movement. 



At the first session of the second Territorial Assembly (which was the 
first session held at Madison), beginning November 26, 1838, Col. James 
Maxwell, of the town of Walworth, appeared in Council for the counties 
of Rock and Walworth, and held his seat through that and the next As- 
sembly, which latter body adjourned February 19, 1842. To the fourth 
Assembly came Charles Minton Baker, of Geneva, serving from December 
5, 1842, to February 3, 1846. His colleague for the joint district, which 
now had two members, was Edward Vernon Whiton, afterward the first 
chief justice of the Wisconsin supreme court. A high estimate has been 
placed upon the personal character and judicial fitness of Judge Whiton. 
They who best knew Judge Baker rated his ability little if any lower and 
his character quite as highly. At the fifth (and last) Territorial Assembly, 
Dr. Henry Clark, of Walworth, served in Council from January 4, 1847, to 
.March 13. 1848. 

Othni Beardsley, of Troy, sat in the second Assembly as representative 
of this part of the joint district. At the next Assembly the district represen- 
tation was doubled, and Dr. Jesse Carr Mills, of Spring Prairie, with Hugh 
Long, of Darien, were chosen; but Mr. Long resigned after one session 
and Dr. James Tripp, of Whitewater, served for the second session. Dr. 
Tripp, with John M. Capron, of Geneva, were chosen to the fourth As- 
sembly, serving at the first session. At the second session William Ayres 
Bartlett, of Delavan, took Dr. Tripp's seat. At the third session Salmon 
Thomas, of Darien, and Dr. Mills replaced Messrs. Bartlett and Capron. 
At the fourth session this unstable membership was composed, for Wal- 
worth, now detached from Rock, of Warner Earl, of Whitewater, and 
Gaylord Graves, of East Troy. The last Assembly held two regular sessions, 
with a special session between. At the first of these appeared in Council, Dr. 
Henry (lark, and as representatives Palmer Gardner, of Spring Prairie, and 
Charles A. Bronson, of Lagrange. To the other sessions went Eleazar 
Wakeley, of Whitewater, and George Walworth, of Spring Prairie, as rep- 


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189 2 • l9oo 

Assemble Districts at Six AppoRTionr-iENTs 


Among the earliest attentions at the capital to the affairs of this county, 
and previous to 1838, was the appointment of justices of the peace by Gov- 
ernor Dodge and the consenting Council. There were William Cell for 
Walworth, William Bowman for Sugar Creek. Gaylord Graves for I .. 1 
Troy, Truman Hibbard for Troy, Thomas McKaig for Geneva, Col. Perez 
Merrick for Lafayette, Benjamin Carpenter Pearce for Spring Prairie. Jedu- 
thun Spooner for Sugar Creek, Salmon Thomas for Darien and Delavan, 
and Israel Williams, Jr., for Linn. 

The county having been set off by legislative act early in 183N, there 
was yet time within the same year to nominate and elect county officers. The 
chosen were for sheriff, Sheldon Walling, of Geneva 1 near Elkhorn) ; for 
register of deeds, LeGrand Rockwell, of Elkhorn village; for treasurer, Will- 
iam Hollinshead, of Delavan; for surveyor, Edward Norris, of Delavan; for 
coroner, Hollis Latham, of Elkhorn; for county commissioners: For one 
year, Benjamin Ball, of Linn; for two years, William Bowman, of Sugar 
Creek; for three years, Nathaniel Bell, of Lafayette. In that year the vote 
of the county, confirmed by the Legislature, made Elkhorn village the county 
seat. The other competitor villages were Delavan. Geneva and Spring 

The county commissioners met and organized, and the county officers 
began their terms of office and their duties January 7, 1839, and that day 
may be regarded as one of the birthdays of Walworth county. The records 
remain to show how the commissioners and the register of deeds discharged 
their respective functions. The treasurer and coroner lived to be called old 
men. and yet died before they had become no longer useful to their fellow 
citizens, whom they had served in many ways. Their ability was equal to 
the needs of any service their modesty would permit them to undertake, 
their official integrity unquestioned, and their lives blameless. Neither of 
them was ever known to evade a plain duty or to perform it carelessly or in 
other ways badly. Less is now known of the surveyor, and nothing to his 
personal or official discredit. The sheriff had been, as he led his neighbors to 
think, suppose, or concede, a brigadier-general of New York militia; though, 
at his death in 1875, his widow could not find his commission among hi - 
half-dozen best-kept papers, nor remember which Governor had signed it. 
The adjutant-general"s office at Albany may contain thi cords of such an 
appointment. He was competent to instruct in the rudiments, at lea t, ol 
Scott's drill of the company, and he had some skill with drum-sticks. I Ms 
duties as sheriff seem to have been performed fairly, and in the condition 
of the county roads for at least half of the year such duty as that of mini- 


moning jurors must have tried the resoluteness of even a brigadier-general. 

He was an unconvertible Democrat, and hence was seldom afterward called 

into public service. 

The following is a transcript from the journal of the first meeting of 

the county commissioners : 

"At a meeting of the com. of Walworth County held at the house of 

Daniel E. Bradley on Monday the 7 day of Jany 1839 Present Benjamin 

Ball Nathaniel Bell and William Bowman and proceeded to appoint V A 

McCraken Clerk of the board of Com. License was granted to R. W. 

Warren to keep a Tavern in the village of Geneva untill the first day of 

January 1840. for the sum of five dollars 

"The meeting adjourned to meet again on the 18th day of March, 

1839 at the house of Daniel E. Bradley 

"Attest V. A. McCraken 

Thus the record runs, word, letter and point. At the third session. 

April 1st, store licenses were given to Andrew Ferguson, at Geneva, and to 

Henrv & Samuel F. Phoenix, at Delavan; and the fee imposed with each 

license was ten dollars. To Othni Beardsley, at Troy, Ansel A. Hemenway. 

at Spring Prairie, Greenleaf Stevens Warren, at Geneva, and Israel Williams, 

at Walworth, tavern licenses were granted at five dollars each. The fiscal 

statement made at the end of 1839 is thus shown: 

Received $1,874.64 

Paid out 1,786.69 

Balance in treasury $ 87.95 

The chairmanship of this first board of commissioners was given to 
Major Bell, though Mr. McCraken did not record this interesting fact 
until a later date. In 1840 Christopher Douglass, of Walworth, appeared in 
place of Mr. Ball, whose term had expired, and served two years of his 
term as chairman, Major Bell having resigned that post. In 184T Gaylord 
Graves, of East Troy, followed Mr. Bowman, and was chairman in 1842. 
George W. Arms, of Spring Prairie, succeeded Major Bell as member for 
[842, :in(l Robert llollcy, of Hudson, followed Mr. Douglass, who had re- 
signed in that year. The clerks of the board were Volncy Anderson Mc- 
Craken, of Lagrange, for one year; Hollis Latham for two years; and Milo 
Kelsey, of Delavan (if not then of Darien), for part of 1842. 


The greater part of the boarcTs business was to license taverns and 
stores, to lay out roads and road districts, to establish school districts and 
appoint inspectors, to make juror lists, and to name election judges and 
designate polling places. At the session of March 18, 1839, jurors were 
selected for ser\-ice at the April term of court: Grand jurors, Asa I'.lood, 
John Bruce, George Clark, Nicholas S. Comstock, Christopher Douglass, 
Solomon A. Dwinnell, diaries Dyer, Palmer Gardner, Josepli Griffin, Morris 
F. Hawes, Elias Jennings, Zerah Mead. Roderick .Merrick. Marshall New- 
ell, Henry Phoenix, Jeduthun Spooner, Adolphus Spoor, Salmon Thomas, 
James Tripp, Robert \Y. Warren, William Weed, Daniel Whitmore, Israel 
Williams. Petit jurors, Charles M. Baker. Joseph Barker, William A. Bart- 
lett, Othni Beardsley, Milo E. Bradley, Gorham Bunker, Jared B. Cornish, 
Gaylord Graves, Solomon Harvey, William Hibbard. Elias Hicks, William 
Hollinshead, Willard B. Johnson, George W. Kendall, John Lippitt, Allen 
McBride, James Maxwell, William K. May, Austin L. Merrick, Benjamin 
C. Pearce, Allen Perkins, Edwin Perry, William Stork, Elijah Worthington. 
The board was petitioned to lay out a road from Elkhorn village to Mr. 
Barker's (in Sugar Creek) and thence to the north line of the county. 

At the session of April 1st a special election, for choice of township 
officers, was ordered, to take place Thursday, May 9th. Polling places were 
designated and election judges appointed: For Delavan, at Milo Kelsey's, 
with Henry Phoenix, William Hollinshead and John Bruce as judges; for 
Elkhorn, at Elijah Worthington's (in Lagrange), with George W. Kendall, 
Tared B. Cornish and Zerah Mead as judges; for Geneva, at Roberl W. 
Warren's, with Charles M. Goodsell. William K. May and Thomas McKaig 
as judges: for Spring Prairie, at Ansel A. Hemenway's, with Thomas 
Miller, Roderick Merrick and Solomon A. Dwinnell as judges; for Wal- 
worth, at James A. Maxwell's, with Christopher Douglass, William Bell and 
Amos Bailey as judges. 

A few extracts from records may show some of the more importanl 
work of the board between 1839 and 1842: 

May 6, 1839 — William Stork, Morris Ross and Thomas McKaig ap- 
pointed road viewers and directed to lav out a road from Geneva village by 
nearest and best route to Lamphear's house (in Bloomfield) and thence to 
state line near E. W. Brigham's. * Palmer Gardner, Richard 

Chenery and Daniel Salisbury directed to view mad from northeast comer 
of section 2^, (Spring Prairie), vvesl our and a half miles, thence south one 
mile. * * * James Harkness, Sylvester < .. Smith and David S. Elting 
to lav a road from a point on east line of section 23 1 Lafayette), westward 


on or as near half section line as the ground will permit, to section 26, thence 
to a road to Sugar Creek Prairie or to a road from Elkhorn (village) to 
said Prairie. * * * Salmon Thomas, William Hollinshead and Sam- 
uel F. Phoenix to la)- road from Geneva and Beloit territorial road at suit- 
able place on northwest quarter of section 5 (Linn) to run northwest to 
Charles S. Bailey's house (town of Delavan), thence to southwest corner 
of Mr. Phoenix's field, by the grist mill, to Racine and Janesville road on 
Rock Prairie (in Darien). * * * Jacob G. Sanders, John Boorman 
and William Bell to lay out road from quarter section stake, east line of 
section 17 (Walworth), west through middle of section to west side of 
Bigfoot Prairie, thence by nearest and best road to intersect Beloit and 
Southport road at or near west line of section 11 (Sharon) or to west line of 
county. * * * Elijah Worthington, George Esterly and Edward Nor- 
ris to view road from point where the road to Orendorf's ferry through 
Eagle Prairie (Waukesha county) meets north line of county, thence south- 
westerly to or near quarter stake on north line of section 28 (Lagrange). 
Also, to view road beginning at or near the point where the Milwaukee and 
Janesville territorial road crosses north line of section 27, following section 
line west as far as land will admit good road, thence southwest to meet 
line of county, in the direction of Janesville. * * * At this session 
fourteen bills against the county were allowed. No. 1 was that of Andrew 
Ferguson, two dollars and seventy cents. The sum of this first batch of 
county orders Avas one hundred and twelve dollars and twenty cents, but no 
items of these bills are recorded. 

July 1, 1839 — Board ordered a highway tax of five mills on all real and 
personal property. * * Edwin Brainard was allowed twenty-seven 

dollar> fur committing a prisoner to the jail at Milwaukee. * * * Ten 
county orders allowed, amounting to sixty-two dollars. * * Col. 

Perez Merrick mentioned as county assessor. 

September 9-12, 1839 — County divided into three assessment districts: 
District 1, the southern tier of towns with Darien and the west half of 
Delavan; district 2, Hudson, Geneva, east half of Delavan. Elkhorn, Sugar 
Creek, Lafayette, and Spring Prairie; district 3, the northern tier, with 
Richmond. * * * Plat and minutes of village of Elkhorn received and 
recorded. * * * LeGrand Rockwell appointed to sell lots in that vil- 
lage. (This refers to the county's quarter of section 36, town 3 north, range 
if) east, in which are the county buildings. ) * * Wolf bounty fixed 

at one dollar and fifty cents per scalp. 

February 5, [840 — Twenty-eight dollars and fifty cents paid as boun- 
ties for nineteen wolf scalps. 


January 5, 1841— Wolf bounty raised to three dollars, until July 1st. 

March 5, 1841 — Resolved, that it is expedient and in accordance with 
the wishes of a majority of the people of the count) to proceed to conclude 
the contract for building a court house in this county. 

April 4. 1842 — The board of county commissioners adjourned without a 


\\ ith the coming of a larger order of county administration these now 
ex-commissioners were not mustered out of public employment. Their short 
service had tried and proved their quality and had trained them fairly for 
further public usefulness, as the several county and town records well show. 
The county board of supervisors, with nine members (Major Meacham, of 
Troy, absent), met September 6, 1842. and chose as its chairman John M. 
Capron, of Geneva, a man of legislative experience, and as clerk, John Fish. 
In 1846 a member was added for the new town of Elkhorn, and the old 
town received the name Sugar Creek. In 1862, compliant with a statute of 
the previous year, the board was reduced to five members, one for each 
assembly district and a member for the county at large. This measure of 
policy or of economy — hardly a war measure — was in operation eight years. 
Members were elected biennially for a two-year term. In 1870 the old 
order returned, and the board met with twenty members, an addition of one 
member for each of the villages of Delavan, Geneva and Whitewater. In 
1883 Whitewater, and in 1886 Lake Geneva became cities with ward rep 
resentation. each having three wards. Thus, four members were added. In 
1894 Delavan and Elkhorn became statutory cities of the fourth class, each 
with three wards. Sharon village was incorporated in [893 and the villag 
of East Troy, Geneva Junction and Walworth in 1901, each having its mem- 
ber of the county board. Thus, since 1842 the membership <>f this f> 
has been doubled in number. Among the functions of the board is thai of 
appointing three superintendents of the county poorhouse and insane asylum; 
since 1887 a soldier's relief committee of three members: and since [90] a 
supervisor of assessments. The superintendents of the poor and insane 
choose a resident superintendent of the farm, buildings and inmates 
times one of the directing body. .Many members of tin's | ,f thirty-two 

farmers and business men. representing the intelligence and publ t of 

the towns, villages and cities, are so often re-elected for their term oi 
year each that it never meets as a body wholly without experience in county 
affairs. As would naturally be thought, the names ,,f several of these mem- 
bers appear in the lists of assemblymen and sta f >ne member 
passed by rapidly succeeding steps, by way of the Assembly, I it of tin- 
mighty at Washington. 



An act of Congress, approved May 26, 1824, gave to counties in states 
and territories where public lands were situated a right of pre-emption to 
one quarter section of land for seats of justice. The county commissioners 
pre-empted, by permission of Mr. Rockwell's company, the southeast quarter 
of section 36, township 3 north, of range 16 east, in the Milwaukee land 
district, being the Sugar Creek corner of the town and city of Elkhorn. The 
certificate of this pre-emption was numbered 1144. The minimum lawful 
price, two hundred dollars, was paid February 5, 1839, by the commissioners 
acting for the county. President Tyler signed the patent March 3, 1843, 
and this instrument was recorded April 2, 1852, by Register Long at page 
217, Vol. XIV of Deeds. A park was reserved as a court house site, and 
the rest of the land was laid out in lots and platted by the county surveyor, 
Mr. Norris, and Mr. Rockwell was empowered to sell lots in behalf of the 
commissioners. Some thoughtful persons secured lots facing the west and 
north sides of the park for a school house and a church. A few lots besides 
were sold, and, except a lot for the jail and a hotel, the rest of the county's 
quarter section became part of the court house contractor's payment. 

The commissioners acted never more wisely and well than in setting off 
the park. It was part of a grove of nature's planting — mostly oaks of the 
black and burr varieties — so old that the earlier discoverers of the North 
American coast might have seen them as saplings had they but come this 
way to find mill sites and county centers. More than fifty years ago decay, 
lightning and high winds began to overthrow the aged and infirm among 
them, not swiftly, but too surely. So many n\ them yet live as to preserve 
the general appearance so long admired. Other trees, not oaks, have tilled 
the vacant places, and the park, undisfigured by officious "landscape archi- 
tects," and little marred by the county buildings, which are partly hidden 
except at shortest distance, is a summer comfort and a thing of unadorned 
beauty to citizens and appreciative visitors. While this park is the property 
of the county and wholly within the county's control and the city mows its 
grass and rakes away its dead leaves and twigs, and provides lawn seats and 


electric lights, neither city nor county has ye1 become so super-civilized as to 
improve its natural charms by posting notices to tired feet to "keep off the 

grass." The dimensions are about six hundred and thirty-nine feet long from 
east to west and five hundred and ten feet wide between north and south. Its 
area is nearly seven and one-half acres. The court house stands near the 
park center; that is, a few feet east and north of that point. It is about 
sixty-two rods northwestward from the stake which determined the settle- 
ment at Elkhorn. 


Before April, 1839, Mr. Rockwell had built for the county a small office 
on the north side of the park, at or near the northeast corner of Court and 
Broad streets. It was about eighteen by twenty-two feet on the ground, a 
low story in height, with columned porch in front, plain in its neatness, and 
was decently painted. It was occupied as a court room, a meeting place for 
the county commissioners, and an office for the registry of deeds and mort- 
gages. In 1840 Willard B. Johnson, of Whitewater, built a log jail on the 
county's land, a little north of the primitive court house. Its dimensions 
were fourteen by twenty feet, and it was fully seven feet between joints. This 
ffowning bastile, with its full equipment of bars, bolts, locks and solitary 
cell, stood there twelve years; for it never had at one time enough inmates 
to lift up one side, upset the entire structure, and effect a general jail delivery. 


At its session of March 5, 1841, as has been shown, the board of com- 
missioners had resolved to complete a contract for building a court house, but 
the scanty record does not show the steps which had led to such decisive ac- 
tion; nor, beyond two services added to the contract, and some advance pay- 
ments to contractor ordered, does the record tell of later steps taken. 
Doubtless, papers now not to be found were tiled. As nearly as now under- 
stood, it was planned to build a public house at the hotel corner of Wisconsin 
and Walworth streets and to derive some revenue for the county from its rent 
al to worthy and well qualified landlords. No citizen of the count) had mi 
and skill needful for performing such work as was required by the plans and 
specifications, or, if he had. none such cared so to invest bis -kill and mean 
Col. Edward Eklerkin knew one James Farnsworth, Jr., at or near Fond du 
Lac. who was called hither and who came with Richard Hogcbooin and Hen 



jamin Arnold. To these men the contract was let, considerable timber and 
other materials were brought and some payments made. The contractors 
found themselves unable to take the next steps, and they assigned their con- 
tract to Levi Lee, a then somewhat roving contractor, who came here from 
the lower Rock River valley. He fulfilled his contract, made seats for the 
court room, and was directed to buy a "ten-plate" stove with twenty-four 
feet of Russia-iron seven-inch pipe at cost of not more than thirty dollars. 
As part payment he received the unreserved- and unsold parts of the county's 
quarter section of land. He became a citizen of Elkhorn, served the village 
and his own interests in various ways, and died on Christmas day, 1875. 

The court house was thirty-six feet wide by fifty-two feet long, two 
stories high, gable-roofed with four fluted and voluted hollow columns sup- 
porting the front gable, which projected as a porch, and with a belfry. It 
was painted white, and had green blinds. Its upper floor was the court room, 
with stairway at the rear, and the bench and bar, which were well built of 
walnut, in front. The pine seats and the floor were painted. Its lower floor 
gave a little more than elbow room to part of the county officers and two rooms 
for jury's use. It was for some years one of the best court houses in the state. 
It was dedicated in due form May 10,. 1843, by lawyers and citizens. Exper- 
ience Estabrook serving the occasion as chairman and George Gale as secre- 
tary. On the following Fourth of July it was dedicated again "to the blind 
goddess of justice," in a speech by Charles M. Baker, which Judge Gale 
described as an excellent oration. Before i860 the court room was so re- 
arranged as to seat the judge and counsel at the back end, the inside stair- 
way having been pulled away. A false floor disfigured the classic colonnade; 
but the outside stairways, mounting each way from the lower entrance, were 
as useful as homely and gave a few more square feet to the court room. 
In 1874 this court house was moved southward to give way to another temple 
to the blind goddess, and the next year, thirty-two years after its dedication, 
il was sold at auction to Colonel Elderkin for little more than the price of two 
sparrows, fie moved it to the Walworth and Broad street comer and planned 
in various vain ways to make it rentable. A little later its front wall was 
pushed forward, displacing its Ionic columns, its outside was bedaubed with 
the muddiest of colors and its inside filled with barb wire, horse rakes and corn 
planters. Its last owner was Edward TT. Sprague, who in iqoo set it out into 
the street to make way for a new building, and the next year the old house was 
pulled down and reduced to second-hand lumber and kindling wood because 
nobody knew of better use for it. 



The board of supervisors met in special session April 21, 1851, with all 
members present except David Williams of Geneva, for whom appeared 
Richard B. Flack, of the town board. This body, as a committee of the 
whole, having inspected the jail. Mr. Harrington moved to condemn it. The 
motion prevailed by a vote of thirteen ayes to three noes. Mr. Barlow moved 
to build forthwith and Messrs. Barlow, Bell, Coon, Fish and Harrington, as 
a committee on ways and means, were directed to consider and to report by 
the next day. Mr. Cotton moved to choose (or accept) a site at Delavan. 
Voting by roll call, the ayes were seven: Messrs. Barlow, Bell. Birge, Coon, 
Cotton, Gillet. Snell (representing respectively the towns of Delavan, Lafay- 
ette, Whitewater, Walworth, Darien, Hudson and Linn). The noes were 
nine: Messrs Clark, Dickson, Fish. Rack, C,age, Harrington, Lauderdale, 
Powers, Stewart (respectively of East Troy. Sharon, Richmond, Geneva, 
Spring Prairie, Sugar Creek, Lagrange, Troy, Bloomfield). The next day a 
motion to repair the jail and to build a house for the sheriff was tabled. The 
committee of five reported that a jail might be built, partly by tax and for the 
rest "on the pledged faith of the county," and this was the sense of the board, 
and was quite practical common sense. Mr. Cotton moved to appropriate 
four thousand dollars and to build the jail on the site of the old one according 
to a plan and specifications (prepared by Lemuel Bailey) then on file. Tin's 
motion was carried, and February 1, 1852, fixed for completion of the work. 
Messrs. Cotton, Harrington and Flack were named as building committee. 
The contract was let to Levi Lee and Richard B. Flack, and Chairman Wins' n , 
of Elkhorn, took the latter's place on the building committee. 

The old site, though now dry ground, was then found boggy and un- 
suitable and the jail was built at Court and Church streets, facing southwardly. 
It was of stone and home-made brick, nearly square and of two stories height. 
The sheriff's house in front and jail in rear were brought under one roof, for 
some time very leaky, but afterwards tinned and made water tight. A cor- 
ridor on all sides of the jail room parted cells from outer walls, and it was 
thought that oaken plank with a few bits of boiler plate would make all secure 
from within. But escapes became so frequent as to annoy the sheriffs, and 
a few years later the cells were rebuilt of oak joists so liberally spiked cheek 
to cheek as to defy pockel saws and badly tempered (.able knives. \hout the 
same time, say 1858, a wood-built wing, for household uses, was added east- 
wardly. This building, too. was in its turn condemned, though in plan and 


construction it was as good for its purposes, most likely, as any built that year 
in Wisconsin. It was sold, with its now valuable lot, to Miss Amanda Bulkley, 
who pulled away the wing, tore out the cells, and made the original build- 
ing a dwelling. In no long time Hugh Dobbin, a dealer in old houses and 
stores at Clinton, Delavan, and perhaps elsewhere, bought and occupied the 
property. By one more sale its ownership passed to Mr. Flack, one of its 
builders, who died under its roof in 1887. In October, 1845, tne board con- 
sidered the need of a fire-proof office for the use of the sheriff. Sheriff Bell 
was directed to let a contract for such a building, its cost not to be more than 
twenty-five dollars in excess of four hundred and twenty-five dollars, and the 
work to be finished in 1846. The contract was awarded to Gen. Sheldon 
Walling. Just how this office was made fire proof is not now known. Its 
outside was of wood, but may have been brick-laid between its studding, and 
its floor may have been of bricks. It was one story high, dark, inconvenient, 
and in time judged unsafe. It was occupied by the register of deeds and the 
county treasurer and may have had a corner for the sheriff. At the board's 
session of November 18, 1865, the need of a better building was declared and 
January 18, 1866, Messrs. Crumb, Ray and Allen were instructed to procure 
plans and bids. At a special session February 5th, one bid was received and 
accepted, that of George Dewing, bricklayer, Alexander Stevens, plas- 
terer, and Squire Stanford, carpenter, joining their proposals in one 
bidding at four thousand two hundred and sixty-five dollars. The new office 
was of hard yellow brick with tin roof, and floored with a lower grade of 
brick. Except for the small entry way and stairway each floor was a double 
room, parted by high, wide double doors of softest pine, with casings of the 
same nearly incombustible material. The stairs and hand rail were of harder 
wood. Pine was also the material of the filing cases and shelving. These 
offices were well lighted and were usually overheated by coal stoves. The 
upper floor was assigned to the county judge and the lower one to the reg- 
ister of deeds. In 1890 both offices were tile floored and partly equipped with 
steel furniture. 


In 1873 the board of supervisors calculated plausibly that a panic period, 
by reason of lower prices of materials and a scarcity of employment for me- 
chanics and laborers, was a favorable time at which to build a new court 
house. Limiting the cost to twenty-five thousand dollars, the building com- 
mittee, Newton M. Littlejohn, James Aram, Charles Dunlap. Alexander 
Fraser and Ely B. Dewing, were to move in the matter at once. The con- 


tract was made with Squire Stanford, who joined George Dewing's bid on 
the masonry with his own for nineteen thousand two hundred and forty-nine 
dollars. The men broke ground early in 1874. Monday evening, September 
20, 1875. the lawyers and an audience of citizens met in the new court room 
to dedicate it with many words from Judges Spooner and Wentworth, Fred- 
erick W. Cotzhauseu, of Milwaukee, and Messrs. James D. Merrill, of East 
Troy, Thompson D. Weeks, of Whitewater, and Colonel Elderkin. James 
Simmons, of Lake Geneva, read twenty-nine and one-half inches (in non- 
pareil or six-point type) of ten-syllable verse. Whatever Mr. Simmons did. 
in his calling or out of it, was well done and in the manner of a liberally- 
educated and kindly- feeling gentleman. 

Though neither architecturally beautiful nor structurally perfect, the 
courthouse is a fairly good building for its purposes. Court room, library 
room and jury rooms fill its upper floor. Below are two safety vaulted 
offices, the one for the clerk of the court, the other for the county clerk and 
the treasurer, a sheriff's office, poor-superintendent's office and a super- 
visor's room. Alterations and improvements have been made, and the whole 
house is now steam heated and electric lighted. Much of the office furniture 
is of steel. Water is conveniently supplied by the city's works. It may even 
now be nearly or quite forgotten fso false and Heeling is human memor) 1 
that the tower and dome once held aloft a colossal figure of Justice carved 
of wood by an artist of Milwaukee — who may have loved his work too well 
for his domestic peace — its stature nine feet or more, decently clad and law- 
fully equipped (with sword and scales), as to feature- as awfully beautiful as 
a Lithuanian Medusa, her petrifying gaze turned sternly toward the state line 
— as if frowning upon a rival beauty similarly perched at Woodstock. Her 
scale pans were soon blown away, hut she kept her right hand on her sword 
until 1884 when an irreverent thunderbolt reduced her to chips and splintei 


It was evident to the board of 1877 that a better jail and sheriff's house 
were indispensable, and it appropriated ten thousand dollars and ordered a 
change of site. Newton M. Littlejohn, Henrj < .. Hollister, Samuel II. 
Stafford, John Matheson, and Lucius Allen served as building committee. The 
site chosen is opposite the southwestern park corner, facing eastwardly. The 
plan was of Milwaukeean design and the work of Jam >nti " tors. The 

outer work is of quarry stone and good brick. The is of 1 

high stories, set upon a basement ston of cul stori ive a noble front 1 


vation and to make life a burden to the sheriff's family). As a whole, it is 
neither unsightly without nor very inconvenient within. The jail, adjoining 
rearwardly, has two tiers of cells and corridors, all of soft and hard steel 
bars riveted together cagewise. Jail makers of St. Louis supplied the metal 
work. City water, steam heat, electric light and a new barn have since added 
sensibly to its cost and value. The state board of control, which is constantly 
receiving, absorbing and reflecting new light on state and county building 
equipment, already urges rebuilding in a manner more fully compliant with 
scientific sanitation's last revelation. A few years after this jail was finished 
the board authorized an experiment with tramps and petty delinquents. A 
shed was built, stone-hammers were bought, a few hundred loads of cobble 
stones were delivered at the jail yard, Samuel Mitchell, of Elkhorn, was ap- 
pointed overseer, and these prisoners were set at work to make road material. 
Some sale was found for their product, but at no great distance from Elkhorn, 
and the plan was soon dropped. From legislation and other causes, far fewer 
tramps are committed than in the years between 1870 and 1890. 

The state board of control having condemned the jail as "out of date 
and no longer a credit to the county," a committee of the county board was 
instructed at the session of December, 1910, to examine and consider the 
matter. At the session of November, 191 1, the committee recommended the 
sale of the jail property and the building of a new jail and sheriff's house on 
the park, westward or northward of the other building, with a central heating 
system for all of them. Messrs. Stewart and Thayer, of this committee, with 
the county clerk, were instructed to call for bids for the present building and 
lots and to procure estimates of the cost of a new building and equipment. 


For the security of the bulky and priceless county records, and because 
of duties added by recent statutes to those of the county judge, a better 
building was necessary. In 1905 the county board provided for really 
fire-proof offices for the county court and the registry of deeds. The total 
cost was about thirty-five thousand dollars. Upon a basement wall of dressed 
limestone, forty-four by eight}' feet, a structure of cement, with steel- 
rod reinforcement and a facing of pressed bricks was raised, and roofed 
with terra cotta tiles. The floors are of small hexagon tiles. Each story 
has a large fire-proof record room, and desks, tables, roller shelving and file 
cases .'ire of steel. The county judge has the lower floor and. excepl three 
small jury rooms, the register of deeds has the upper story. In 1908 one of 


these small rooms was placed at the service of the Grand Army posts of the 
county for deposit of such records and relics as they may choose to leave 
there. In 1909 another of these rooms was set apart for the use of the super- 
intendent of schools. The basement, beneath the lower record room, at 
present stores the collection of the County Historical Society, as permitted by 


The helpless poor were, in the earlier years, left to the immediate care 
of their several towns. This led to laying bills of cost before each county 
board for its audit and allowance. In 1852 the time was ripe for a more 
efficient county system and the board of that year chose three superintendents 
as a governing commission for the county house and its farm. Authority 
was given to buy not more than one hundred and sixty acres in section 4 
of the town of Geneva, within three miles of the court house. An improved 
farm of eighty acres, with buildings, was chosen and at once applied (in 1853) 
to its present use. By successive extensions this farm now contains four 
hundred and eight acres. The house, too, was extended, but later needs 
soon outstripped this temporary provision. Late in 1872 a fire cleared the 
ground for something greatly better. The new house was built at a cost of 
ten thousand dollars, and it was then regarded, taken with its management, 
as one of the best of its kind in Wisconsin. The contractors were John Trum- 
bull, carpenter, and Charles Bonnet, mason, both of Whitewater. In 1883 
and 1887 other buildings for the care of the incurably insane — a house 
each sex — were built, each at like cost. In 1900 a new house, beside that of 
1873. was built and the latter became a general dining hall for the institution 
With barns and other buildings, and with recent improvements (including 
steam heating and electric lighting) together with the value of the land at 
one hundred and twenty-five dollars per acre, it is now estimated thai 1 
county property is worth two hundred thousand dollars. The yearl) ap 
propriation for the care of the poor and insane lias become sixteen thousand 
dollars, including one thousand dollar- for permanent impn The 

county board visits the farm in a bod) each year, and it- superintendent and 
the resident manager are men whom the humane citi nty can 

trust. In the earlier half of the pasl forty yens the managen ticipated 

and even bettered the suggestions of the stal and in the 

reports of that body the example of Walworth was lai the citizens and 

hoards of other counties of Wisconsin. Dr. William II. Ilurllnit was ap 
pointed count) physician in [882 and he served until 1911, when he resigned 
and Dr. Edward Kinne was appointed. Before r882 Dr. Charles S. Bur- 
bank had sen ed f< >r a year 1 >r tv 1 >. 



It may never be known how President Jackson and the consenting Senate 
induced Hon. David Irvin to leave forever behind him the elegancies of a 
Virginia gentleman's home and drop to the semi-barbarous fare and informal 
manners of primitive western hotels ; to exchange his brilliant prospects of 
professional or political promotion for the dull routine of frontier courts. 
It is only certain that he accepted the territorial judgeship for Wisconsin, 
and that late in April, 1839. he dismounted his horse (not improbably at 
Hollis Latham's hospitable mansion), placed his gun in temporary safety, and 
soon afterwards, with his dog, found his way to the county building, north 
of the park and at or near the northeast corner of Court and Broad streets. 
Here, with Sheriff Walling's help, he opened in due legal form the first court 
term for Walworth count} - . The clerk's journal tells the day's story best : 

"At a term of the District-Court of Walworth County, begun and held 
at Elkhorn on Monday the twenty-second day of April, 1839; present the 
Honorable David Irvin. Judge of said Court: 

"Ordered, that LeGrand Rockwell be appointed clerk of the District 
Court for the County of Walworth. Whereupon the said Rockwell entered 
into Bonds in the penal sum of two thousand dollars, conditioned as the Law- 
directs, with Othni Beardsley and William Bowman, his securities, and took 
the Oath of Office as prescribed by law. 

"Ordered that Charles M. Baker be admitted as an Attorney and Counsel- 
lor at Law to appear and practice in this and other Courts of Record within 
this' Territory, it appearing to the Court thai he i> entitled so to do. Where- 
upon said Baker took the oath of office.'' 

" \hm'1 A. I Eemenway 

I li;mncc\ I \ eS. 

Appeal from Justice. 

"And now comes the plaintiff by Horatio X. Wells, [of Milwaukee] 
his attorney and moves the Court here for leave to tile a declaration in said 
Cause. Whereupon it is ordered that said leave be given and that said dec- 


laration be filed within thirty days hereafter and all other pleadings there- 
after within twenty days successively until issue and the cause be continued 

'"Thomas McKaig, Appellant. 


Israel Williams, Appellee. 

Appeal from Justice. 

"On motion of Moses M. Strong [of Mineral Point], attorney for the 
Appellant, ordered that a rule be entered that Benjamin Ball Esq., Justice of 
the Peace before whom the above entitled cause was tried, make due return 
of the proceedings in the said cause and that an attachment be granted to 
ci niipel the same. 

"Ordered that this Court be adjourned until the next term thereof, [Oct. 

"] ) win Irvix. Judge." 

At the October term a jury was called in the case of McKaig vs. Will- 
iams, and the trial resulted in a verdict for the defendant. The jurors were 
John S. Boyd, John Byrd, William Carter, Thomas Gates, Alonzo Crow. 
Cyrus Horton, George W. Kendall (foreman). Abel Neff. Soldatl I'owcrs. 
David Pratt. Morris Ross, and William Stork. The other jurors drawn for 
the term were William Bohall, Isaac Burs. .11, Perkins S. Child, David S. | 
ing. Thomas Fellows, Solomon Finch. Daniel G. Foster. Daniel llartwell. 
Loren K. Jones. Thomas W. Miller, Austin .McCracken. Marcus Mouta g 
Benjamin C. Pearce, Horace Smith. Nelson Spoor, Ebenezer Tupper, Elijah 
\\'< 'rthington. 

The grand jurors at this term were Joseph Marker. Asa Blood, Deodal 
Brewster, Alexander H. Bunnell. Jacob Burgit, Richard Chenery, George 
Clark. Christopher Douglass. Norman C. Dyer, Charles M. Goodsell, Morris 
F. Hawes, Mason Dicks. Willard I'.. Johnson, John Lippit, James Maxwell 
(foreman), Urban D. Meacham. Amos Older, Samuel F. Phoenix, Samuel 
Prince. John Reader. Jacob ' i. Sanders. ||, Smith Young, Robert Young. 
William P.. Lewis was indicted for larceny am i Reub trandei ; 

jury. The case against Lewis was dismissed \ nolle prosequi was entered 
in the case against Ostrander, it having been shown that Squire McKaig, who 
had committed him for trial, was a but half-naturalized citizen. The lot 
term of the territorial court opened May 22, [848, and adjourned without .-, 
day June 3d. Beyond the short roll of attorneys adn 1 Wisconsin 

practice there is little of historic interest in the clerk's journal of the court's 


ROLL OF ATTORNEYS, 1 839- 1 848. 

Delavan — William C. Allen. Stephen S. Barlow, Milo Kelsey, 1842; 
William H. Pettit. 

East Troy — Alender O. Babcock. 

Elkhorn — Lyman Cowdery, 1848; Edward Elderkin, 1839; George Gale, 
1841 ; Wyman Spooner, 1S42; Horatio S. Winsor, 1841. 

Geneva — Charles M. Baker, 1839; Experience Estabrook, 1840; James 
Simmons, 1843. 

Spring Prairie — Charles D. Pulver, 1842. 

Troy — Urban D. Meacham. 

Whitewater— Prosper Cravath, 1845; Warner Earle, Frederick C. Pat- 
terson, 1844; Eleazar Wakeley. 

Residence unknown — Charles Aiken, 1845; Thomas D. Grant. 

One case in this court was made widely famous, for the period of a 
half generation of men, from the humorous account of it given by Andrew 
E. Elmore, long known as the Sage of Mukwonago, in a speech (as member 
of Assembly) at the legislative session of 1859 or i860, in support of a bill for 
abolishing all laws for collection of debts. From the sale of a yoke of oxen, 
somewhere in Jefferson county, grew a suit which, by new trials, changes of 
venue, and other useful devices, was prolonged until the costs amounted to 
more than the price of many yoked or unyoked oxen. Mr. Elmore was of 
the counsel in this cause when one of its changes of venue brought it to 
Elkhorn. He explained to his fellow legislators that he had learned from ob- 
servation or information that if one would win his cause in Judge Irvin's 
court he must go hunting with His Honor, praise '"York," His Honor's 
horse, regardless of truth or likelihood, or feed and fondle "Pedro," His Hon- 
or's dog. Mr. Elmore made "Pedro" think him a true friend, and so far 
prospered in court as to obtain a favorable ruling on his motion for a new 
trial of the cattle case. As the Judge gave his instruction to the clerk, "Pe- 
dro" made awkwardly fn-c with his new friend, who, a little annoyed, gave 
the brute a kick. The Judge saw the action and heard the yelp for redress. 
Before the clerk had begun to enter the ruling just made the Judge reversed 
it. "Mr. Speaker, that kick cost me live hundred dollars!" This speech was 
published in most of the newspapers of America and of Great Britain and her 
colonies, and was included in various selections for the use of young elo- 
cutionists. The fame thus accruing to Mr. Elmore was not boughl much 
too dearly at its cost to him. 


"At a term of the Circuit Court in and for the County of Walworth 
begun and held at the Court House in Elkhorn on the first Monday, the sec- 
ond day of October, A. D. 1848. Present the Hon. Edward V. Whiton, judge 
of said Court." So begins Air. Clerk's journal. The first cause called for 
trial was that of Edwin Hodges vs. Henry Bradley et al. ; George Gale for 
the defense. The case was continued at defendant's cost. The grand jurors 
were Oramel Armstrong, Robert Augier, John A. Baird, Leander Birge, Deo- 
dat Brewster, George Dann, Jared Fox. Lewis B. Goodsell, llcnn II. Hart- 
son, Elias Hibbard (foreman), Linus Merrill, Zenas Ogden, Isaac Raymond, 
Moses Seymour, Sewall Smith. Henry J. Starin, Jeremiah Wilcox. The 
names of men who attended court and drew pay and mileage as petit jurors 
were: Calvin M. Ashley, John W. Boyd, Jesse Brown, Alonzo A. Bryant, 
William Burgit, Joseph N. Cahoon, Cyrus Church, John DeGarmo, William 
DeWolf, George W. Dorrance. Charles Garfield, Samuel Gregory, Jacob R. 
Kling, Ansel Knowles, John Mereness, Silas Patten, Robert K. Potter, Martin 
O. Pulver, John Raleigh, Sherman M. Rockwood, Isaac Searl, George Sewell, 
George W. Sturges, Augustus Taintor, Isaac White, Anderson Whiting, 
Robert J. Wood. 

The several judges of the first circuit were as follows: 

Edward Vernon Whiton, Janesville 1849 

Wvman Spooner, Elkhorn, appointed 1853 

James Rood Doolittle, Racine 1854 

Charles Minton Baker, Geneva, appointed March 1856 

John Martin Keep, Beloit, elected April 1856 

David Xoggle 1858 

William Penn Lyon, Racine [866 

Robert Harkness, Elkhorn 1 87 1 

' Ira T. Paine, Racine, appointed March 1S75 

John Theodore Wentworth, Lake < ieneva, June 1875 

John Bradley Winslow, Racine 1884 

Frank M. Fish, Racine 1891 

Ellsworth Burnett Belden, Racine 

Judge Whiton became chief justice of the Wisconsin 51 court in 

June, 1853. Mr. Spooner was appointed by Governor Farwell and held one 
term of court in this county. At the November election of thai year to till 
the vacancy for the remainder of the term of office, Mr. Spooner was 
feated by Mr. Doolittle, whose service began in the following January, In 


1856. after holding the January term of court. Judge Doolittle resigned and 
earlv in March Governor Barstow appointed Mr. Baker, who held the April 
court term for Racine county. March 25th a Republican convention for the 
circuit, at Delavan, on its ninth ballot, named John M. Keep, of Beloit, who 
was elected in April and presided at the May term of court. He resigned 
in May, 1858, and David Noggle was first appointed and then elected. Judge 
Lyon was transferred to the supreme bench, January, 1871. Mr. Harkness 
resigned in March, 1875, and went for his health to Salt Lake City. Judge 
Paine never presided at Elkhorn, but held spring terms at Kenosha and Ra- 
cine. Mr. Wentworth passed up from the circuit clerk's desk to the bench, 
and soon after his election became a citizen of Racine. After 1884 he be- 
came police judge at that city and died February 7, 1893. Judge Fish re- 
signed, went to Texas, returned and died in a sanitarium at Stevens Point. 
Tanuarv 10, 1908. Judge Lyon, now nearly blind, but otherwise in fair 
health, lives near San Francisco. Judge Harkness is living, and Judge Wins- 
low is on duty as chief justice of the Wisconsin supreme court. 


Darien — Joseph F. Lyon. 1871 ; Calvin Serl, Archibald Woodard. 

Delavan — Alanson H. Barnes, 1854; D. Bennett Barnes, 1885; J. V. 
Bradway, 1857; Henry W. Clark, Edward E. Clippinger, 1884; Augustus J. 
Fiedler, 1878; Frederick B. Goodrich, 1888; Charles S. Griffin, 1862; Nicholas 
M. Harrington. 1862; Alphonso G. Kellam, 1859; Frederick E. Latimer, 
1878; Thomas M. McHugh, 1849: Newton McGraw, Daniel B. Maxson, 
1861; Robert R. Menzie. 1849; silas W. Menzie, 1866; William C. Norton, 
1856: H. D. Patchen, [858; Arthur L. Shader, 1873; Hiram T. Sharp. 1864; 
Charles B. Sumner, 1886; Charles J. Sumner, Alfred D. Thomas, [863; 
Ernest L. Von Suessmilch, 1890. 

East Troy — Henry Cousins, 1852; John Fraser, [859; James D. Mer- 
rill, 1868; John F. Potter, 1852. 

Elkhorn — Seth L. Carpenter, 1857; James Densmore, 1855; H. Seymour 
Dunlap, 1881; Henry M. Eastman, 1849; George M. Ferris, 1907; John L. 
Forrest, 1855; Peter Golder, [850; Anthony Caspar Graff, [888; Charles 
Daniel Handy, [858; Robert Harkness. 1S5S; Del. C. lfunfoou, 1890; Levi 
W. Lee, [86i ; Jay F. Lyon, [888; W. Clarence Norton, T900; Jay W. Page. 
[899; James Redneld, [859; Arthur L. Sanborn, 187S; Harley F. Smith, 
1850; Edward II. Sprague, [878; Elnathan S. Weeden, [872; Jaynes B. 
Wheeler, 187(1: Curtis H. Winsor, [868; Fernando Winsor, Frank 11. Win- 
sor, [888. 


Lake Geneva — L. L. Baxter, 1854; Dr. Hilton \Y. Boyce, 1857; Lewis G. 
Brown, 1897; Hugh A. Burdick, 1889; Asa W. Farr, [853; Charles S. French, 
1879; Daniel E. Sherman, 1870; John Bell Simmons, 1873 ; John A. Smith, 
1865; Stephen Bemis Van Buskirk, 1858; John T. Wentworth, Albert T. 

Linn — John P. Ingalls, Wallace Ingalls. 

Lyons — Elbert Osborn Hand, 1851): Robert Holley. 

Richmond — A. B. Webber. 

Sharon — Fayette P. Arnold. 1859; (hark- II. Bronson, 1872; John T. 
Fish, 1859; Wilson L. Shunk, 1884. 

Whitewater — Samuel Bishop, 1865; Jedidiali Brown, Robert C. Bulkley, 
1906; Edwin Thomas Cass, 1878; Elliott D. Converse, 1864; E. Wood 
Comes, 1857; Pitt N. Cravath, 1865; Henry J. Curtice. 1X55; Frank X. 
Fryer. Hubert O. Hamilton, X. Augustus Hamilton, 1859; Henn Heady, 
1873; Edson Kellogg, James G. Kestol, 1883: X. Alphonso Millard, I lenry 
Oreb Montague, 1859; X'ewton S. Murphey, 1856; Joseph II. Page, r866; 
James D. Robinson, 1864; Hariy O. Seymour, George W. Steele, 1869; Paul 
II. Tratt, 1902; Thompson D. Weeks, 1859. 

Philip V. Coon. 1868, William E. Sheffield, 1862, and Stephen S. 
Sibley, 1856, are not now assignable to any town. There are about fifty 
names recorded of men who are not known to have lived in the county, or, 
such as did live here went elsewhere to find practice. None of these arc 
now of the Walworth bar. nor are there many here named who yel abide with 
us. Most of the dates wanting are likeliest to be recorded in other counties, 
of this or other states. It may be that none but a non-resident lawyer could 
grade justly these learne«l gentlemen, or place them in order of their profes- 
sional worth: but it may be permissible to name some of those who have died 
or are now far away, to whom contemporary judgment accorded sonic qual- 
ities of leadership at the bar of the circuit. Among these, then, were Messrs. 
Babcock, Baker, Barlow. A. H. Barnes, Estabrook, Fish, Gale, Harkm 
Kellam, McHugh, Meacham, Menzie, Murphey. Sanborn, James Simmons, 
H. F. Smith. Wvman Spooner, C. B. Sumner, Thomas, Wakeley, Week-. II 
S. Winsor. 

The last grand juror li-t was made b) the county board in [872 for the 
following vear's service, but the judge may make ami tile an order for sum- 
moning a grand jury under statutory provisions. In [897 it became a judicial 
function to appoint a commission of three members for the duty of selecting 
and reporting a list of citizens for service as petit juroi 5. I me member is 


pointed each year and serves three years. Thus far five men have performed 
this service: Mortimer T. Park, of Elkhorn, 1897-9; John E. Menzie, La- 
grange, 1897-1911 ; John W. Brownson, Sharon, 1897-1912; George R. Allen, 
Bloomfield. 1899-1901 ; John G. Meadows, Lyons, 1901-13. 


OFFICIAL K<» | | k. 

Since the admission of Wisconsin to statehood citizens of this county 
have shared but moderately in the honors of high place in federal or in slate 
government. John Fox Potter, of East Troy, was a member of the national 
House of Representatives from 1857 to 1863, six years of a memorably ex- 
citing period of American politics. He stood manfully, in his first and sec- 
ond term, for freedom of debate, and in his third term was of that group of 
western members who enjoyed the close personal as well as political friend- 
ship and confidence of President Lincoln. Defeated in 1862 by unfriendly in- 
fluences in Milwaukee and Waukesha, as he thought, he was offered and he 
refused the Danish mission. But he accepted the consul-generalship at Mon- 
treal, after the death of Joshua R. Giddings at that post, and resigned it he- 
fore the end of the Johnson administration. His latest successor in Con- 
gress. Henry Allen Cooper, of Racine, was born at Spring Prairie (a son of 
Dr. Joel H. Cooper), and has served continuously from 1893. Experience 
Estabrook, of Geneva, went to Nebraska, and in 1859- claimed a seat in Con- 
gress as territorial delegate, but was not seated. 

Eleazar Wakeley, of Whitewater, went to Omaha, and became a Federal 
judge. Alanson H. Barnes, of Delavan, by General Grant's appointment, was 
for four years a judge of the territorial court of Dakota. Alfred D. Thomas, 
his son-in-law, was appointed in 1890 as judge of the federal district court 
of North Dakota. Arthur Loomis Sanborn, now federal judge for the 
western district of Wisconsin, was appointed in [905. I lis boyhood and youth 
were passed at Lake Geneva, lie came in 1869 to Elkhorn as assistant to 
Register Noyes, whom he succeeded in office. Having in his leisure hours 
grounded himself thoroughly in the principles of ancient and modem law, he 
was admitted to practice nearly at the close of his four years as a county 
officer. At the end of his term he went to Madison, where he formed mosl 
advantageous professional connection- and passed readily into the higher 
practice of his profession. 

George Gale was a pioneer lawyer at Elkhorn, and about [855 again a 
pioneer of Trempealeau county, where he founded the villagi ol Galesville. 


His new home was in the sixth judicial circuit and he soon became its judge. 
Both at Elkhorn and at Galesville he was a pioneer editor and publisher. 
Like Chancellor Walworth, he compiled a genealogy of his family. William 
Penn Lyon came in his boyhood to Hudson, served his town as justice of 
the peace, removed to Racine, became successively district attorney, judge 
for the circuit, associate justice, and chief justice of the supreme court. Al- 
phonso G. Kellam studied law at Elkhorn, practiced at Delavan, served in 
the Civil war as captain and as major, went to South Dakota, and became the 
first chief justice of the supreme court of that state. 

George Wilbur Peck, governor of Wisconsin, 1891-95, was for some 
years a printer at Delavan and at Whitewater. Butler G. Noble, of White- 
water, was elected lieutenant-governor over Dr. Alexander S. Palmer, of 
Geneva, in 1859. Wyman Spooner was twice speaker of the Assembly, hav- 
ing been sent in 1862 to the state Senate, he became its president, and the 
death of Governor Harvey made him acting lieutenant-governor, to which 
post he was twice elected by the people. The first man who served Wis- 
consin as its secretary of state was Thomas M. McHugh, of Delavan. son of 
Rev. Stephen McHugh of the Episcopal clergy, who was also a resident of the 
county. Secretary McHugh had served the last territorial Assembly as chief 
clerk of the Council. He was educated and able, but neither at the bar nor 
elsewhere ever quite fulfilled the hope of his friends. Samuel D. Hastings had 
moved from Geneva to Trempealeau county a short time before his election as 
state treasurer in 1857, which place he held for four terms. He afterward 
served the Prohibitionist party as one of its candidates for some high place, 
for him not in that wav attainable. Experience Estabrook, while yet of Gene- 
va, served from 1852 to 1854 as attorney-general. Stephen S. Barlow, of 
Delavan, went to Sauk county and thence to the same office, 1870-1874. Capt. 
Almerin Gillette, of Hudson, and of the Twentieth Wisconsin Infantry, went 
to Kansas, where he became railway commissioner. Orville T. Bright, as 
boy and young man, lived in that part of the town of Geneva which lies near- 
est Elkhorn. After a term as county superintendent of schools he went to 
Chicago where he was for many years city superintendent. Since 1903 
Charles P. Carv has been in continuous service as state superintendent of 
public instruction, lie was elected from Delavan, where he was then chief 
officer nf the state's school i"v the deaf. 

The first constitutional convention of Wisconsin met October 5. 1846. 
and adjourned December io. 1846. Its work was rejected at the election held 

April 5, T847, by °^ 000 majority. The vote of this county was: For, 984; 

against, 2,027. The second convention met December 15. 1847. and ad- 


journed February i, [848. At the election, March 13, [848, its work was 
adopted by 10.000 majority. The county's vmr was: For, [,323; against, 
574. Walworth's representatives in these conventions were as follows: 


Charles Minton Maker. Geneva: William Bell, Walworth: William Berry, 
Spring Prairie; Joseph Bowker. Delavan; John William Boyd, I. inn; Lyman 
Hunt Seaver, Darien; Josiah Topping, Sharon; Solmous Wakeley, White- 


Experience Estabrook. Geneva; George Gale. Elkhorn; James Harring- 
ton, Spring Prairie; Augustus Caesar Kinne, Sugar Creek; Mollis Latham, 
Elkhorn; Dr. Ezra Ames Mulford, Walworth. 

It has been told that the first constitution was rejected for causes too 
complex for easily explaining. This may be true, but there was and is a gen- 
eral impression that the principal cause lay in article X, section 1, the whole 
text of which was: "There shall be no bank of issue within this state." The 
six other sections were more specific in terms, but were of like import. Article 
XI, sections 4 and 5, of the constitution adopted, in effect, referred the qu 
tion of bank to popular vote. In November, 1N51. this county voted with 
the rest of the state to permit banks of issue by 2,054 yeas to 229 na) - 

Walworth count\ has been represented bv her own citizens on the bench 
of the first judicial circuit, first by Wyman Spooner of Elkhorn, whom I \o 
ernor Farwell appointed in [853, Judge Whiton having become chief just 
of the supreme court, and he held the fall term of court in each count)' of 
the circuit. At the November election James R. Doolittle, of Racine, defi at d 
Judge Spooner as a candidate for the rest of the unexpired term. On fudge 
Lyon's transference from the circuit bench to that of the higher court, Robert 
Harkness, of Elkhorn, succeeded, and his own resignation, in March. 1875, 
opened the way to John Theodore Wentworth, of Geneva, who was elected 
in April and held the June term of court for thai year. I le removed to Racine 
and was rechosen in [877 and served until January, [884, having been de- 
feated by John Bradley Winslow, now chief justice of the supreme court 

In the territorial period judges of prol "• were appointed. Under state 
government county judges are chosen at Vpril el for terms of four 

years, beginning first Monday of January following. The dati n in tin- 

several official list- arc term beginnings. 




Joseph Griffin Geneva June 4, 1840 

John Fox Potter East Troy March 26, 1842 

William Cheney Allen Delavan June 24, 1843 

Wyman Spooner Elkhom January 26, 1847 


William Cheney Allen Delavan January 7. 1850 

Lyman Cowdery Elkhom January 14, 1856 

John Fox Potter East Troy June 2, 1856 

Peter Colder Elkhorn April 30, 1857 

Jaynes Bailey Wheeler Elkhorn January 4, 1886 

Jay Forrest Lyon Elkhorn January 21,, 1899 

Judge Allen having resigned, Governor Barstow appointed Mr. Cow- 
dery. Mr. Potter was elected in April for the rest of Allen's term; hut his 
own election in November to Congress made another soon-following change. 
Judge Colder had served nearly twenty-nine years, when his loss of hearing 
compelled his retirement. Judge Wheeler resigned and went to his old home 
at or near Rutland, Vermont, and Governor Schofield's appointment, with 
three elections for full terms, have prolonged Judge Lyon's tenure of this 
now more than ever before important office to January, 1914. 


Court commissioners have been appointed by the several circuit judges, 
but the record of these officers is not found for the period previous to [867. 
A few names are mentioned incidentally in other records, and these are in- 
cluded without exact date of the terms: William C. Allen, i8(k;; Charles 
M. Baker, Alanson 11. Barnes, [861; Dwight Bennett Barnes, [893; Pitt 
Noble Cravath, [891; Prosper Cravath, between [862 and [875; Christo- 
pher Douglass, 1842; George Gale, 1S42; Peter Golder, [856; Charles E. 
Griffin, [866; Henrj Heady, between 1N75 and [892; Robert Holley, [841; 
loseph F. Lyon, between [884 and [893; Silas W. Menzie, between [870 and 
[885; Henrj O. Montague, 1 86 1 ; James Simmons, between 1N71 and [893; 


Alfred S. Spooner, between 1872 and [893; Ernesl L. von Suessmilch, [895; 
Charles B. Sumner. [891; Solmous Wakeley, [861; form T. Wentworth, 
1863: Albert T. Wheeler. 1861. 

State and county officers are elected in November for a term beeinnin? 
the first Monday of January following. 


John William Boyd Linn 1848-9, [858 9 

( leorge Gale Elkhorn [850 1 

Eleazar Wakeley Whitewater 1 852-5 

Dr. Jesse Carr Mills Elkhorn [856-7 

*Dr. Oscar F. Bartlett East Tn >y [860-] 

Wyman Spooner Elkhorn 1862-3 

Newton M. Littlejohn Whitewater [86 

Samuel Pratt Spring I 'rairie 1870-3 

Thompson Dimock Weeks Whitewater [874-5, [893 6 

Asahel Farr Kenosha [876-7 

*Dr. Benoni Orrin Reynolds Lake ( ieneva 1 878 1 1 

Joseph Very Quarles Kenosha [880- ] 

*Charles Palmetier Lake Geneva 1882-4 

Walter S. Maxwell Kenosha [885-8 

Dr. James Constant Reynolds Lake Geneva [889-92 

Albert Solliday Watertown 1807-8 

John Harrison Harris Elkhorn [899-1902 

Zadock Pratt Beach Whitewater [903-6 

John A. Hazelwood Jefferson [907 to 

Charles A. Snover Jefferson mi 1 1 1 

The constitutional amendment of [882, making legislative sessions bi- 
ennial and elections for state and comity offices fall in even-numbered years. 
added a year to terms of all such officers as were chosen in the previous yg 
There was no legislative session for [884. Two apportionments between 
1890 and [900 changed the number of this senate district from even to odd 
and thus Mr. Solliday sat in but one session for the joint district. Drs. I'.. ' » 
and J. C. Reynolds are respectively father and son. Names marked' * are 
of soldiers of the Civil war. who are s, , denoted in all the following official 



Abell, Alfred H Geneva 1877 

Aldrich, Alma Montgomery Spring Prairie 1878 

* Allen, Dwight Sidney Linn 1889 

Allen, George Linn 1855 

Allen, George Rue Bloomfield 1880 

Allen, Lucius Spring Prairie 1864 

Allen, William Cheney Delavan 1866-7 

Allen, William P Sharon 1854 

Arnold, Fayette P Sharon 1862 

Babcock, Alender O East Troy 1850 

Baker, James East Troy 1858 

Barlow, Stephen Steele Delavan 1852 

Barnes, Dwight Bennett Delavan 1880- 1 

*Bartlett, Dr. Oscar F East Troy 1853-4 

Bell, John Lafayette 1853 

Benson, Schuyler Ward Bloomfield 1861 

*Blanchard, Dr. Caleb Sly East Troy 1880 

*Boyce, Dr. Hilton W Geneva 1862 

*Brownson, John W Sharon 1882 

Buckbee, Francis A Geneva 1867-1874 

Bunker, Nathaniel Mead Troy 1875 

Burgit, William East Troy 1870-1874 

Chapin, William Densmore Bloomfield 1856 

Cheney, Rufus, Jr Whitewater 1850 

Child, James Lafayette i860 

Clough, Darwin P Darien 1899 

Cochrane, William Avery Delavan 1803 

*Coe, Edwin Delos Whitewater 1S78-9 

Conrick, Edward P Delavan 1859 

Cooper. Dr. Joel Henry Spring Prairie 1S52 

Cravath, Prosper Whitewater 1848 

Davis, Thomas Sugar Creek 1863-6 

Derthick. Waller ( leorge Lafayette [882 

1 )ewing, Ely Bruce Elkhorn 1879 

De Wolf, John Darien i860 

Douglass, Carlos Lavallette Walworth 1873 


Dow, Everett E Lagrange igoi 

Dunlap, Charles Geneva 1875 

Easton. Elijah Walworth 1851, [858 

Edgerton, Stephen R Lafaj ette 1870 

Estabrook, Experience Geneva iS; 1 

*Farr, Asa W Geneva 1856 

Fellows, Timothy Hopkins Bloomfield ^^2-3 

Foster, George H Whitewater [863 

Fraser, Frank L East Tn >y 1893-6 

Goff, Sidney Clayton Elkhorn 1 < 1 1 1 

( iraves. Gaylord East Troy [848 

( ireening, William Lagrange 1 8, ,- 

( irier. Thomas S Bloomfield 18-15 

Groesbeck, Benjamin F Linn 1865 

Hall, Henry Walworth 1 > 

Harrington, Perry Green Sugar Creek 185 | 

Hastings. Samuel Dexter Geneva iS p, 

Hazard, Enos J Lagrange 1849 

Heminway. Henry C Richmond 1851 

Herron, Wilson R Sharon 1874- 1 877 

Hill. Thomas Worden Hudson 1853, 1863 

Hooper, Daniel Tl '°. v 1855, 1850. 1 8( >< 1 

Hurlbut, Dr. W r illiam Henry Elkhorn 1897. ' s ' >' ' 

Isham, William Willard Delavan 1X55 

letters. John Sharon 1864, 187 r 

Johnson, Frank H Darien [905 

♦Johnson. John B Darien 1 NS- 

*Kellam. Alphonso G Delavan ,8,,,, 

Kelsey. Milo Delavan 1848. T 8 \g 

*Kizer, Fernando Cortez Whitewater 1889, 1801 

Kull. Edwin O Bloomfield 1909 

Lake. Phipps Waldo Walworth 1854 

Latham, Hollis Elkhorn 1. 

Lauderdale, James Lagrange [853, 1856 

Lee, Levi Elkhorn 1855 

Long, Chester Deming Darien 1861 

Long, Hugh 1 >arien 1848 

Lown, George Hiram Walworth 1 

1 ,3 1 m, Joseph Foster Darien 1808 


McKibbin, John Linn 1858 

Mason, Albert L Sharon 1879 

Maxon, Joseph F Walworth 1891 

Mead, Zerah Whitewater 1852 

Meadows, William Lyons 1881 

Merriam, Amzy Linn 1871 

*Miller, Dr. Clarkson Geneva i860 

Noble, Butler G Whitewater 1858 

Palmer, Dr. Alexander S Geneva 1850 

Pemberton, John Richmond 1878 

Pettit, Paris East Troy 1866 

Potter. John Fox East Troy 1856 

Pratt, Orris Spring Prairie 1883 

Pratt. Samuel Spring Prairie 1849, l8 55, l86 3 

Ray, Adam E East Troy 185 1 

Ray, George A Lagrange 1868 

Raymi >nd, Shepard O Geneva 1866 

* Reynolds, Dr. Benoni Orrin Lake Geneva . . . . 1876 

Reynolds, Dr. James Constant Lake Geneva 1885, 1887 

Richardson, Erasmus Darwin Geneva 1848 

Rockwell, Reuben Hudson 1859 

*Roundy, Dr. Daniel C Geneva 1864 

Seaver, Joseph Warren Darien 1853 

Seymour. Robert Thompson Lafayette 1856 

Sharp, Elijah Matteson Delavan 1872, 1875 

Sikes, George Sharon 1850 

*Smith, Albert E Delavan 1901-4 

Smith, Daniel Richmond 1864 

Smith, Francis Sugar Creek t86l 

: Smith. John A Geneva [868, [869 

Smith. Lindsey Joseph Troy 1881 

Spafard, Simeon W Geneva 1854 

Spooner, Wyman Elkhom 1850-1, 1S57. 1N01 

Sprague, Edward Harvey Elkhorn 1907 

Stafford, Amos Wagrnan Bloomfield 1872 

Stearns, 1 )aniel Mansfield Sugar Creek 1876 

Stewart, \11drew J Richmond 1887 

Stew art. Donald Sugar Creek 1882. 1883 

Sturtevant, Charles Holmes Delavan 1863 


Teeple, Charles S Darien 1876 

Thomas, Salmon Darien 1856 

*Tilton, Hezekiah C Sharon [865 

Voorhees, Samuel Wood Sharon '857 

Wakeley. Solmous Whitewater 1855, [856, 1857 

Weeks. Thompson Dimock Whitewater [867 

White, Samuel Austin Whitewater 1N71. [872 

Whiting, Anderson Richmond 1854, [860 

Williams, David Geneva [857 

Winsor, Horatio Sales Elkhorn [865 

Wood. Lewis X Walworth 1852 

The names of physicians in this list and the next one show that the pro 
fession, as practiced here, did not regard politics and medicine as incompatible, 
the one with the other; and the Civil war found ;un >tlier field for their activity. 
George and Dwight S. Allen were father and son, as were Hugh and Chester 
D. Long. Samuel and Orris Pratt and Solmous and Eleazar Wakeley, the 
latter of the State Senate. A. E. and J. A. Smith were brothers. .Mr. Tilton 
was a Methodist clergyman. 


Capron, John M Geneva [842 

Mills. Dr. Jesse Carr Spring Prairie (843 

Graves, Gaylord East Troy [843 

Magoon, Dr. Oliver C Whitewater 1* I I 

Bell, Nathaniel Lafayette [845, (846 

Farnum, John Allen Geneva [846 

Gale, George Elkhorn 1847, |S I S 

Ray. Adam E Troy 1849, |S 5''- l8 57 

Snell. John Peter Linn 1850 

Winsor, Horatio Sales Elkhorn (851 

1 1 tton, George Darien 1852 

Rockwell. LeGrand Elkhorn 

Frost. Eli Kimball Sugar I reek • x 54- ' s 55 

Conrick. Edward P I >elavan ■ t8j8, [859 

Hodges. Edwin Elkhorn [860, r86l 

Sturtevant. Charles Holmes I )elavan 

Hill, Thomas Worden Hudson 1863, [864, [865 


Allen, George Linn 1866 

Allen, Lucius Spring Prairie 1867 

Seymour, Robert Thompson Lafayette 1868. 1873 

Chapin. William Densmore Bloomfield 1869. 1881 

Richardson, Erasmus Darwin Geneva 1870 

Lyon, Joseph Foster Darien 1871, 1872 

Boyd, John William Linn 1874 

Williams, David Darien 1875 

DeWolf, John Darien 1876 

Treat. Julius Allen Sharon 1877. 1882 

Bishop, Matthew P LaGrange 1878. 1879 

* Allen, Dwight Sidney Linn 1880. 1883-90 

Allen. George Rue Bloomfield 1891-97 

Barr, George W Linn 1898-1902 

Douglass, Carlos Stewart Walworth 1903. 1910 

Christie, George Darien 191 1 

Messrs. Bell, Gale, Winsor, Cotton, Rockwell and Treat were Demo- 
crats. Messrs. Mills. Cotton, Conrick, Lucius Allen, Lyon and Williams had 
been or were afterward citizens of other towns than those here named. 

The order of county officers as prescribed by statute for printing official 
ballots is: County clerk (for many years named "clerk of the board of su- 
pervisors"), county treasurer, sheriff, coroner, clerk of circuit and county 
court, district attorney, register of deeds, county surveyor. The older ar- 
rangement had been in the order of their desirability for candidates. This 
placed sheriff, register of deeds and treasurer at and next to the head of the 
tickets and the coroner at the foot. Since 1883 their biennial terms have 
begun on the first Monday of January, in odd-numbered years. Since 1905 
the superintendents of schools have been chosen the first Tuesday of April 
and begun their terms on the first Monday of July. 


McCraken, Volney Anderson Lagrange 1839 

Latham, Hollis Elkhorn 1840, 1841. [843 

Kelsey, Milo (old board) Delavan 1842 

Fish, John (new board) Delavan 1842 

1 lodges, Edwin Elkhorn 1846 

Thompson, Albert A Linn 1847 


Frost. Eli Kimball Sugar Creek [848 

Cowdery, Lyman Elkhorn 185 J 

Sibley. Charles W Bioomfield 1 853 

Dewing. Myron Edwin Elkhorn 1857 1 87 ( 

Dewing, Ely Bruce (deputy) Elkhorn 1871 

Cowdery. Dyar Lamotte Elkhorn 1 X75- k>oo 

Clough, William E. (deputy) Darien 1900 

Harrington, Grant Dean Delavan 1901-1913 

Myron E. Dewing died March 26, 1 S 7 | . and his brother served till the 
end of the year. The Cowderys were father and son. The latter died May 
10. 1900. The records of this office have suffered little from fading and dis- 
coloration, and are generally easily legible. Mr. Thompson's records art' 
pleasant to look upon for their neat handwriting and their clerical form. At 
two years old, Myron E. Dewing lost the ringers of both hands by burning in 
the embers of a rubbish fire. He learned to write a bold, business-like hand. 
and early reached a surprising degree of expertness in many things that 
usually require unmaimed fingers. His aptitude for the duties of his place 
made him almost indispensable to the county board. His two successors bet 
tered his excellent example, and, since 1903, the board's proceedings have 
been neatly and accurately typewritten. 


Hollinshead, William I Via van 1838. 1839 

Norris, Edward Delavan [839, [840 

Spooner. Jeduthun Sugar Creek [842 

Winsor, Horatio Sales Elkhorn ri 

Lee, Levi Elkhorn 1844 

Bellows, Curtis Elkhorn [845 

Mallory, Samuel Elkhorn 1846 

Hartson, Henry Hobart Elkhorn 1847, 1 853 1 

Latham, Hollis Elkhorn [852 

T Iandy. Daniel Parmelee Geneva 1 

Brett, John Flavel Elkhorn [81 

McGraw, Newton Delavan 1X67-8 

Fairchild, David Lupe Walworth [869-76 

Blomiley, Fred W Lagrange 1877-82 

Lauderdale. James Henry Elkhorn [81 


*Church, Leonard Cyrus Walworth 1887-92 

Clough, William E ,. . . Darien 1893-6 

Allen. William H Bloomrleld 1897-1900 

Farley. William E Lyons 1901-04 

Foot, Harry H Sharon 1905-7 

Foot, Clinton H. (deputy) Sharon 1908 

\"< >rris, Harley Cornelius Elkhorn 1909-12 

Since 1893 the treasurer has been limited by statute to two terms of con- 
tinuous service. Mr. Foot died at Elkhorn, June I, 1908, and his son com- 
pleted the term of office. 


Walling, Sheldon Geneva 1839 

Mallory, Russell H Geneva 1841 

May, William K Bloomfield 1 843 

Bell, Nathaniel Lafayette 1845 

Preston, Otis Spring Prairie 1848 

Carver, Philetus S Delavan 1851 

Crumb, Joseph Clark Walworth 1853 

Gates, Joseph Geneva 1855 

Perry, John Adams Troy 1857 

Stone, Hiram A Darien 1859-60. 1867-8 

*Wylie, George Washington Lafayette 1861-2, 1865-6, [881-2 

Billings, Seth M Whitewater 1863-4 

Humphrey, William Sharon 1869-70 

Fay, Charles G Whitewater 1871-2 

Tayl< t. ( "\ rus P Lyons I&73-4, 1877-8 

*Goff, Sidney Calkins East Troy 1 ^7^-^ 

Babcock, Stephen S Delavan 1879-80, [883-4 

Derthick, John Henry Spring Prairie [885-6, iS<>i-2 

Wiswell, George Nelson Elkhorn 1887-8 

* Foster, Lewis George Lake Geneva 1889-00, 1893-4 

I [ollister, Seth Henry Delavan 1895-6, 1899-1900 

McMillan, Fred Alonzo Whitewater 1897-8 

\\ hite, Edgar E Elkhorn 1901-2, 1907-8 

*Flanders, Joseph Taylor Lyons ,. . . 1903-4, 1909 

Harrington, George L Lafayette 1905-6, 1910 

I'iper, John Darien 191 1-13 


Sheriff Flanders died suddenly at tea-table, December [6, [909, and ox- 
Sheriff Harrington was appointed by Governor Davidson to serve until mh 1. 
Mr. Goff is the oldest living ex-sheriff. Babcock and Wiswell arc dead. At 
the end of Wiswell's term he was appointed United States marshal for east- 
ern Wisconsin. He had held the post of sergeant-at-arms of the Republican 
national convention of 1900, at Philadelphia. 

The rather shadowy line of coroners began in [839 with Hollis Latham. 
A single function, that of serving papers on the sheriff, if occasion requires, 
is about all that is left belonging to these statutory but unsalaried and practi- 
cally unfee'd officers, for justices of the peace may and usually do held in- 
quests. A statute of 1875 seemed a little more favorable I" coroners, but 
still left their pay to the judgment or liberality of county boards of supei 
visors. William H. Bell, then of Elkhorn, had been elected in 1874, but, 
according to usage, had not "qualified." He now hastened to take the oath 
of office, and to ask the board at its November session to make the place 

w < ' 

rth the holding 

His memorial, petition, or "sifnication" was received as soberly as possi 
hie. and the sum of fifteen dollars was the salary fixed. Since [848 the 
coroners elected were, in that year, Horace Noble Hay, and thereafter 
David Williams. Samuel Pratt, William 11. 1'ettit. John B. Hutchiris, Dr. 
Daniel C. Roundy, G. C. Gardner. Julius A. Treat, Henry Adkins, G. C. 
Gardner (again), Wellington Hendnx. Abram G. I. Hand. Charles D. Root, 
William H. Bell, Charles Lysander Lyon. Mr. Bell was at four 
successive elections (the last one 111 [880), and Mr. Lyon has been elected 
biennially from 1882 to 1910, and has given his official bond and taken 
his oath of office for fifteen terms. From [848 to 1906, in which latter year 
primarv elections put aside the old machinery of nominations. Republii 
county conventions, whose work was always ratified at the November polls. 
struggled titanically to determine majorities lor their nominees until n 
the lower end of the ticket. Then, weaned of their almost deadly earn 
ness, they ended their work in the smoke of cigars (passed aboul by success 
ful candidates), with an acclamation for some worthy citizen who least 
looked for such honor. The nomination for coroner was thus a tired con 

vention's return to care free g 1 humor. Mr. Lyon's acceptance of h 

fortune was a t first his part of the joke, and it afterward became his ha 
As turnkev and deputy under several sheriffs he was dear headed and r< 
lute. Though now more than "eighty years young," he is yet the Yorick ol 
county officers. The late Joseph F. Lyon was his brother. 



Pettit, William Harrison Elkhorn 1849-54 

Cousins, Henry East Troy 1855-60 

Simmons, James Geneva 1861-70 

Wentworth, John Theodore Geneva 1871-5 

Lyon, Joseph Foster Darien jS/Sv 

* Allen, Levi E Sharon 1878-84 

Keats, Washington Sidney East Troy 1885-8 

Dewing. Ely Bruce Elkhorn 1889-94 

Morgan, Theron Rufus Darien 1895-1905 

Kellogg, George Olney Whitewater 1905-12 

Mr. Morgan died September 28, 1905, and Mr. Kellogg filled out the 
term by appointment. Mr. Wentworth became circuit judge in June. 1875. 
ami he appointed Mr. Lyon to serve till the next election. 


Baker, Charles Minton Geneva 1839 

Estabrook, Experience Geneva 1S41 

Barlow, Stephen Steele Delavan 1845. T<C! 5- 

Meacham. Urban Duncan East Troy 1849 

Spooner, Alfred Stephens Delavan 1854. 1856. 1878 

Smith. Harley Flavel (acting) Elkhorn 1854 

Wentworth, John Theodore Geneva 1858, i860 

Murphey, Newton S Whitewater 1862 

Babcock, Alender O East Troy 1864 

*Harkness, Robert Elkhorn 1865, 1868, 1870 

Thomas, Alfred Delavan Delavan 1872, 1874. T876 

Wheeler, Jaynes Bailey Elkhorn 1S80 

Sprague, Edward Harvey Elkhorn 1882 

Menzie, Silas W Delavan 1885, 1887 

lu-alls, Wallace Sharon 1889. 1891 

Sumner, Charles Bennett Delavan 1893, r 895. l8 97 

1 [amilton, Hubert O Whitewater 1899 

Burdick, Hugh A Lake Geneva 1901, 1903 

In-alls, John Peter Walworth 1905. 1907. 1909 

Bulkley, Robert C Whitewater 191 1 


Wallace and John P. Ingalls are brothers, the former now of Racine; 
the latter was a soldier of the war with Spain. Messrs. Wentworth, llark- 
ness, Thomas and Wheeler became judges of various courts. 


Rockwell, LeGrand Elkhorn 1 834 j 

Davis, Booth Beers Hudson 1 842 

Boyd, John S Sugar Creek 1843 

Lyon, Isaac Hudson (846 

Frost, Eli Kimball Sugar Creek 1847 

Long, Chester Deming Darien [851 

Perry, John Adams Troy 1853 

Adkins, Henry Lagrange *&?r- ' 857 

Humphrey. Benjamin Blodgett Geneva 185' >, r86i 

Houghton, Otis B Spring Prairie 1863, [805 

Lawton, James H Lagrange 1 867 

*Noyes, Charles Augustus Geneva 1869, 1871, 1873 

Sanborn, Arthur Loomis Geneva l &75> ' ^77 

Morrison, William Henry Troy i%79- 1881, 1883 

Webster, Joseph Haydn Elkhorn 1885. 1887 

Taylor, William Thomas Lagrange 1889. 1891, 1893 

*Barnes, Henry D Spring Prairie. 1895, [897, [899, 1901, 


1 1' >lmes, Frank G Whitewater [ 9°5! l 9°7 

Dunbar. Samuel James Elkhorn 1909, \<>i 1 

Mr. Davis had lost both legs by freezing, lit' was a pioneer at Hudson, 
but after his term of office had ended he remained a citizen of Elkhorn till 
death in 1880. Mr. Noyes, his father's namesake, was a nephew of the pio 
neer Warrens of Geneva village and a son-in-law of Benjamin B. Humph 
He was a soldier of the Eighth Wisconsin Infantry, and a wound d at 

Farmington, Tennessee, crippled him for life. Mr. Morrison became director 
of fanners' institutes, and dud al Madison in [893. Mr. Webster 1- a 
of the composer, Joseph Philbrick Webster. 


Norris, Edward Delavan 1839 

McKaig, Thomas Morris Geneva 1847 


Kelsey, Samuel C Delavan 1853 

Tubbs, James Lawrence Lafayette .... 1855 to 1865, 1867, 1869 

Beckwith, Warren Geneva 1865, 1871. 1873, T 875 

Child, James Lafayette 1877 to 1891 

Taylor. Ray W Richmond 1891 

Child. William Lafayette 1893 to 1905, 191 1 

Maxon, Jesse G Walworth 1905 

Teeple, George L Whitewater 1907. 1909 

James and William Child were father and son. The elder Mr. Child 
once said, in the latter half of his long tenure of this office, that while he had 
done much professional work within that period, he had been employed 
but three times because of his official position. As long as original corner- 
stakes of towns and sections left their traces Mr. Tubbs was accounted the 
one man in the county surest to find them. 


*Cheney, Augustus Jackman Delavan 1863, 1864 

Smith, Osmore R Geneva A pp. March 1 , 1865 

Bright, Orville Thomas Geneva 1867 

Bright. William H Geneva \pp. Aug. 31, 1868 

*Lee, Elon Nelson Delavan 1869 

Montague, Melzer Sharon 1871 

Ballard, Samuel P Sharon, I App. January 3, 1873 ), 1S74 

Isham, Fred Willard Sugar Creek 1876, 1878 

Taylor. William R Richmond 1880. 1882 

Skeels. John G Sharon 1885 

Williams. Leo A Whitewater 1887, 1889, 1891 

Taylor. Kay W Richmond l &93i- 1895 

Webster, Lillian B Whitewater 1897 

Vi iss, John Gustavus Sugar Creek i8gg to 1909 

Martin, Helen Elkhorn 1909 

Mr. Montague was killed in December, [872 (by sleigh-ride accident), 
and Mr. Ballard was appointed to serve till [874, and elected for another 
term. The Taylors were father and son. in like order of service. Miss 
Webster is mm Mrs. Charles P. Greene, of Elkhorn. This superintendency, 
at first something mure than nominal, by slowly, surely, forward steps has 
reached a high order of efficiency. Every district in the county, one hundred 
and four (besides the graded schools and high schools), is visited yearly and 
as much oftener as found necessary. 



Gaston. Dr. Norman L Delavan 1852- 1855 

Clark Henry B East Troy [852-1854 

Williams. David ( Geneva [852-1855 

Latham. Hollis Elkhorn [854-1886 

Rice, Edwin Mortimer Richmond [855-186] 

Gage. Thomas Spring Prairie 1855-186 | 

Salisbury, Daniel Spring Prairie [859 

Hulce. Elisha Richmond [86l (891 

Hill. Thomas Worden Lyons 1864- [879 

Dunlap. Charles < Geneva [879 [914 

Davis. John Potter Richmond [886-1912 

dishing. Joseph H Whitewater 1891-11)01 

Spooner. Truman Rollin Whitewater 1001 [913 

Hemstreet. Frederick Spring Prairie [912-1915 

Mr. Salisbury did not serve and Mr. Gage resumed his place until his 
resignation in November, 1864. Air. Hill died May 26, [879, Mr. Latham 
February 26, [886, Mr. Hulce September 14. [893, and Mr. Cushing August 
31, 1901. The resident managers at the county farm, rather confusingly 
called superintendents, have been : 

Irish. Earl M 1 >elavan [852 

Irish, Joseph E Richmond • [853 

French. Charles S ( leneva [855 

Gray. Elihu Geneva [856 

Gray, Thomas Baker ' Geneva ' s ' ' ' 

Hill, Thomas Worden Lyons ' 

Dunlap. Charles Geneva [879 

Davis. John Potter Richmond 1882 

Allen. William II Bloomfield ' 

Charles. Henry R Whitewater ' 

Stanford. DeWitt Elkh. >rn 

In [887 the county board ordered a tax of one tenth o) a mill for a 
soldiers' relief fund and appointed a committee of three ' ivil 

war to administer it. The fund has been found more than sufficient 
purposes prescribed. The sum used in [910 was one thousand eight hundred 
dollars. The members have been: 


Knilans, William Allen Whitewater 1888 

Allen, Dwight Sidney Linn 1888 

Matheson, John Elkhorn 1888 

Church, Leonard Cyrus Walworth 1890 

Kizer, Fernando Cortez Whitewater 1903 

Meadows, John Greenwood Lyons 1908 

Mr. Matheson died November 17, 1890. Captain Knilans removed in 
1902 to Beloit. Mr. Allen died May 5, 1908. 

Under a then recent statute, creating a state civil service commission, 
John Gustavus Voss and Albert Clayton Beckwith were appointed, in 1905, 
local examiners for the county, to hold their places at the pleasure of the 



Men of New England, New York and northern Ohm me1 in these .six- 
teen townships to build up a new community in no way essentially different 
from the communities they had just left far eastward. Most of these nun 
brought their political ideas, notions, or prejudices with them. They were 
Whigs and Democrats, with a few Abolitionists. They might vote, each ac- 
cording to his former habit, at elections for delegate in Congress and foi 
members of the territorial Assembly: but the record of the county's vote, if 
such record was ever preserved, is not found. Judging partly from the 
little now known of the sentiments at that time of successful candidate.-, there 
seems to have been a small Democratic majority or plurality. The later 
comers were mostly from the same states as were the first ground-breakers, 
and do not appear to have affected greatly the relative strength of parties. In 
the short infancy of the county and its towns it may be supposed that local 
affairs had more influence at elections than opinions prescribed by national 
conventions on tariff. United States Bank, sub-treasury, and internal impn 
ments. Writing of the earlier days, in which he played some pari. Judg I 
-ays: "Location of school houses, roads and amounl of tax lev) often made 
tqwn elections most spirited of any in the year. Politicians of "Id towns 
have no adequate idea of the spirit often manifested in a new town over these 
matters. Feuds were got up between leading families that have not passed 
away — and similarly throughout the we t." This may be a Macaulayan 
"heightened and telling way of putting things, for which allowance must be 
made." Whatever may have been the earlier facts as to April and November 
elections, the yearly inflow of settlers must have tended more and more t" 
clearly-drawn party lines in general elections. At the beginning of state gov- 
ernment a new political question had just grown from the annexation of 
Mexican territory. 

By [848 both Whig and Democratic parties of the Northern states wi 
already considerably leavened, as to their members, with the sentiment of 
non-extension of slavery, ami the "Wilmot Proviso" bad spoken the word 
for Walworth. At the general election of that year, while the electoral vote 



of Wisconsin was for Lewi- Cass, this county's vote was 1.494 for Van 
Buren ( Free-Soiler,), 804 for Taylor (Whig), 550 for Cass (Democrat). 
In 1852 the county vote was 1.432 for Hale (Free-Soiler). 1,141 for Pierce 
(Democrat), and 965 for Scott (Whig). In 1856 the returns showed 
3,518 for Fremont, 1,297 for Buchanan. 4 for Fillmore. The intermediate 
state and congressional elections gave similar results, for at each of these 
the Free-Soil candidates were consistently preferred to Whigs or Democrats; 
though in 185 1 the Whig candidate for governor. Leonard J. Farwell, was 
of the Free-Soil wing of his party and therefore acceptable to Walworth. 
When, in 1854. a convention met to organize the Republican party of Wis- 
consin. Wynian Spooner was one of the leaders and lights of that high de- 
liberation. From that year to 1910 the county's majority has been only for 
Republican -policies, measures and candidates. Until i860 the newspapers an- 
nounced almost daily the arrival of one or more "prominent Democrats" — 
leaders or "wheel horse-" — of some state north of the Ohio and between two 
oceans at the all-receiving Republican camp. 

At the dissolution of the Whig party a tew of its members joined the 
victorious Democracy, but by far the greater number went to the new and 
hopeful opposition. It was observed by some of these ex- Whigs that many 
converted Democrats were thrusting themselves into Republican leadership 
anil finding choice places on Republican ballot- with little or no probation or 
delay. Harley F. Smith, a lawyer of Elkhorn, who was both largely toler- 
anl and harmlessly satirical, -aid to his Democratic friend Preston, early in 
the campaign of [860: "< 'tis, we shall beat you this year, surely." Preston 
answered drib'. "Aba!" and asked. "On-w hat-do-you-pred-i-cate-your- 
o-pinion?" Smith's answer to this rather grandly-uttered question was: 
"Well, we have now taken about all the slippery fellows from your party into 
ours." In September. [856, Judge Doolittle, of the first circuit, who had 
resigned after the January term of court, was a defeated candidate for nom- 
ination at the Democratic congressional convention of the first district. Early 
in the following January be was chosen United States senator. Arthur Mc- 
Artlmr. the Democratic* president of the state Senate, and Wyman Spooner, 
the Republican speaker of the Assembly, refused to sign the certificate of 
Doolittle's election. This was "ii the ground that the constitution of Wis- 
consin disqualified judges for holding other office within the period for 
which the) bad been elected. Bui Doolittle was -cited at Washington, as 
Judges Trumbull and Harlan bad been two years earlier, in spite of similar 
provision in the Illinois and Iowa constitutions. Of course, some men said 
that Mr. McArthur wished to punish Doolittle for his conversion or deser- 

W w.w mi; i ii , 01 \ i v. u rs( onsin. 99 

tion, and that Judge Spooner wished himself to take Senator Dodge's seat; 
but this was measuring great minds by the gauge of small souls. 

Before each jostling political atom had as yel settled easily and firmly 
into its fitting place in the new political mass some slight personal jarring 
was liable to occur now and again. Dr. Philip Maxwell, who had become a 
Republican, had held Jackson's commission as a surgeon of the regular army, 
and he revered "Old Hickory" as a Mars in war and a Moses in politics 
Once urged to take Mime part in a Republican mass meeting For the county, 

he demurred, saying he was tired of hearing Judge S] ner, "thai blue 

bellied old Federalist, while he should stand up for two hours to abuse Gen 
•eral Jackson." The Doctor was over touchy, for the Judge did hut a< 
the old General of having invented the "spoils system." Such little differ- 
ences, arising from previous political condition, soon di~.ippe.ncd. leaving 
no trace. 

Thoroughness of organization began with tin- party's birth, for it was 
the work ot master hands. Leaders suppressed their rival ambitions and per- 
sonal jealousies, and subalterns, such as local speakers and editors, were 
trained to concerted action. The party platform was simple and intelligible, 
and not liable to various interpretation. Even the earliesl receipt and publi- 
cation of election results were not forgotten, as an instance may show, i in 
the night of election day in [856 a few shrewdly-observing men at Elkhorn 
sat till nearly daylight to receive returns from the other towns. They had 
little or no help from telegraph offices al the few railway stations; hut mes- 
sengers rode through mini and darkness, and as each one came his 1, 
were found to vary so slightly from pre-estimates that the count) total dif- 
fered scarce a hundred votes from the forecast. These political pre-calcula 
tors had allowed correct!) for the if conversions in thi 

few days of the campaign — for they knew their men, a- theii oppo 
knew them not so well. 

Instances may show how this was in that year with Democrats of 
Walworth, hopeful as they were as to the electoral result at large, and not 
inactive or noiseless at home. Lieutenant-Governor McArthur, in a speech 
at Elkhom (having been told that at the \pril elections this was found the 
only stronghold left to the county Democracy), likened the town to a "pearl 
on a black wooly string" The vol tl in November was. 11; 

Fremont, 86 for Buchanan, 2 for Fillmore. In the -am.- campaign Ja 
Iladlev. of Milwaukee, pre-calculating hi 

over John F. Potter, and fearing only Walworth, ere that Mr. 

Potter could not have over [.600 majority in I nt) Mr Hadle) 



insisted on allowing 2,000, and on such basis counted upon election. This 
estimate was here declared wildly extravagant. Election returns reached Mil- 
waukee but slowly, hut the results in the other counties of the district seemed 
to warrant celebration with cannonade, procession, martial music, banquet, 
and joy unconfined. The firing was stopped and the rest of the order of 
pleasure suspended indefinitely as soon as a dispatch from Walworth told 
of -.370 majority there for Potter and hence of his election. 

In that year the ratio of the Republican to the Democratic vote in the 
county was 73 to 27. For many years afterward it remained steadily at 
68 to 32. In 1908 it was 67.93 to 3 2 -°7- Including all the parties in the 
computation, the per centage of the total vote of that year was severally: 
Republican, 62.2; Democratic, 29.4; Prohibitionist, 7.3; Social Democratic, 
i.i ; with two votes for the Social Labor ticket. Though the course of gen- 
eral elections has been so nearly uniform, there has always been a discoverable 
tendency toward independent voting in assembly districts, cities and towns. 
Five times since 1855 regular Republican nominees for assemblymen have 
been defeated at the polls. In 1861 Hollis Latham, Democrat, was elected 
as a Union candidate over Richard P>. Flack. In 1863 John Jeffers. independ- 
ent-Republican, prevailed over AJanson H. Barnes. In 1869 and 1870 Judge 
White. Democrat, similarly overcame regular Republican nominees. In 1877, 
for the place of district attorney, Alfred S. Spooner was chosen over Joseph 
11. Page, of Whitewater — the only instance in which, the whole county vot- 
ing, a Republican nominee has been defeated. Between 1855 and 1911 most 
Or all of the towns and cities have at some time or times elected Democratic 
members of the county board and other local officers — wherein Walworth 
differs little from such other American counties as an- generally Republican. 

The several fluctuations, permanent or transitory, in party majorities at 
presidential and "off-year" elections have not been wholly unfelt here, though 
the county vote has nol always been noticeably affected bj them. The Greeley 

movement touched local leaders more than their party's rank and file. The 

Hayes-Tilden campaign seemed to move the parties into olden unity, as is 
not unlikely to occur whenever both parties have nominated wisely, Vboul 
four hundred Republicans changed their votes in the third Cleveland contest. 
At the congressional elections of [882, [886 and [890, Republican majorities 
were much reduced, but Stood well above zero. 

Of Foreign-born citizens, Scandinavians, who are most largely from 
Norway, have been almost unanimously Republicans. The Germans and most 
others have been divided about proportionately between the greater parties, 
the Republicans taking the larger number. The generally current notion 


that the trish-born arc nearly all Democrats leaves oul the very imporl 
element of aon Catholic Irish, most of whom have Keen and are Republicans. 
Since the Civil war there has Keen a perceptible re-distribution, politically, 
Catholic citizens, who are not hereditary bondmen of any part) ; though a ma 
jority of those of Walworth are still Democratic. Thi red population 

is a negligible quantity— less than one hundred in the county. The attitude 
of Walworth toward their race was shown by the vote in [849 on extension 
of suffrage: Yes. 970: no, 189. Further, there had been no need, for its bel 
ter enforcement here, to add in 1851 new sections and heavier penalties to 
the older fugitive slave law: for neither the old law nor the new one was 
likely to be effective here. The "underground railway" had man) stations 
and station agents within the county borders, and the geographers of W 
worth knew the routes to Canada much better than the ways backward to 

It was needful that most of this chapter should he used to sel forth 
the rise, progress and later status of the party which is responsible for shap 
ing the county's policies and administering its affairs. How U has done other 
things and what have been the substantial results ma) he seen ,,r inferred 
from the story of the county, even as imperfectly told in the foregoing and 
following pages. As to that party's present status, little need he said h( 
since history's concern is with things done and recorded, and not with things 
moved, seconded and debated. In 1895, after four years of exclusion, the 
Republican party resumed the administration of state government. Since 
that time new definitions of the party creed have been proposed and opposed, 
and in part, at least, imposed by the new school of Republicanism. Men of 
Walworth made haste hut slowl) to change, even slightly, tin- ideas and usaj 
which had prevailed for a half century: hut by 1004 were drawn wholly into 
the state-wide strife. In that year's election while Mr. Roosevelt's plur- 
ality was 3,522, his vote 73.4 per cent, of the count) total, Governor l 
Toilette's plurality over Peck was hut 248, or 4 per cent. \t the same election 
his primary-election hill, which became the law of the state, was generally 
negatived by his Republican opponents, hut it had a majority of the smaller 

cast. The ayes were j.i^^: n . -•: a rati 5 i" pi 5 \t 

the first application of this law to a choice for United State- senator in 1910, 
Senator LaFollette recei 1 of 3,833 Republican percent 

of 76.3. The ratio of voters to whole population since i860 has l, 
preciably higher for this county than for the state It is no 
443 inhabitants, lour principal cau iroportion oi 

a,- c the rable number of elderly families without minor children, the 


small alien population, the generally easily accessible polling places and the 
active interest of men (and women) of all parties in nominations and 

\s a party, the Whigs left too little trace in the public records by which 
to distinguish their actions from those of other men of their time, and it is 
not now easy to name any considerable number of them with certainty. As- 
suredly, they were not insignificant in number, and among them was their 
full proportion of men of character and ability. A majority of these men 
were sons and grandsons of Whigs of the Revolution, and it was their 
harmless boast that as a whole they were better representatives than their 
opponents of the higher intelligence and morality and the truer patriotism 
of the American people. As citizens of a community then in its formative 
stage they must have had their due influence upon the affairs of villages 
and towns, school districts, and religious societies. There seems to have been 
among them a few unavowed Abolitionists. More of them joined the Free- 
Soil Democrats of 1848 and 1852. Nearly all of them passed as if naturally 
into the Republican movement of 1854. 

Democrats of the county were and are generally of like origin with their 
invincible opponents, who have found them as to personal value, if not as 
to number, not unworthy political foemen. Though so long kept from high 
places, they have not been without the weight and influence of their personal 
qualities on public business, and they have often found humbler official use- 
fulness in their towns. The chief difference between them and their out-« 
numbering competitors for places of honor, trust and profit may be found 
by simple subtraction. The several official lists include much of the active 
and publicly useful clement of the Republican party. Tt is not aside from the 
general purpose of this work to name a few men of this greater of the sev- 
eral minorities — men of differing personal qualities, more or less honored in 
their party and not unvalued by their fellow citizens of all parties. ( )f these 
were Maurice L. Avers. John Brown, Henry B. Clark, David and Elisha 
Coon, George Cotton, Harvey M. Curtiss, Ebenezer Dayton, Francis Dillon, 
\ndn-u Ferguson, < ieorge < rale, I >r. I [armon ( nay. Perry G. Harrington, Drs. 
John M. and Samuel W. Henderson, Augustus C. and Jesse R. Kinne, Mollis 
Latham, Ebenezer Latimer, Darius McKibbin, John II. Martin. John Mather, 
Win. I'itt Meacham, James I). Merrill, Cyril L. Oatman, Dr. Alexander S. 
Palmer, George Passage, Soldan Powers, Otis Preston. LeGrand Rockwell. 
1 harles Wales, Dr, Henry Warue. \rchihald W'oodard. Dr. George II. 

WAI.WOK I II C01 N TV, U I I lnj 

Tlie Prohibitionists arc sufficient in number t" hold a column of the 
official ballot for their nominees. Their influence on the public weal is ii"t to be 
measured with exactness by their showing at the polls. There is, no doubt, 
a strength not always of measurable political value in consistent and unselfish 
devotion to high, though to manj men seemingly impracticable, aims. 

The hardly visible Social Democratic body is chiefly of two or three 
cities, its entire vote less than one hundred. 



The militia system of New York (not to name other states similarly 
organized for defense and offense) afforded such liberal distribution of mar- 
tial titles that it might now he wondered how any lawyer, working politician, 
inn-keeper, or other reputable and prosperous citizen could have escaped one 
of these marks of favor from the commander-in-chief, without peril of falling 
into or upon one of the nearly as plentiful judgeships. The grades of gen- 
eral, colonel and major were doubly preferred, for there was this uncertainty 
about the title of captain that it was no more the right of a real centurion 
than the possession of a master or ex-master of a canal boat or of a lake vessel 
of any or no tonnage. Captains, majors, colonels and generals came as early 
as others to Walworth. Dodge's and Duty's commissions were conclusive as 
to the genuineness of the fortunate holder's rank. 

That there was a Sixth Regiment of Wisconsin Militia, and that as 
early, at least, as 1S41, is evident from the terms of Col. Edward Elderkin's 
commission. Other officers now known were Lieutenant-Colonel Urban D. 
Meacham, Major James Alex. Maxwell, Adj't Abel W. 'Wright. Capts. Lucius 
Allen. James Harkness, Perry G. Harrington, Joseph L. Pratt. 

The earliest statement in detail as to the organization of territorial militia 
found at the adjutant-general's office shows that in June. 1 S46. men of Col- 
umhia. Dane. Dodge. Jefferson, Portage, Rock, Sauk and Walworth, a regi- 
ment fnnn each, were brigaded together, and in July the officers of the Wal- 
worth regiment were Col. Caleb Croswell of Delavan (a few years later of 

Baral I. Lieut. Col. Urban D. Meacham (a few weeks later succeeded by 

William M. (lark I. and Major Thomas Morris Mel high. Tn August. 1846, 
the men of Columbia, Dodge, Jefferson and Walworth constituted the first 
Brigade of the Third Division, commanded respectively by Brig.-Gen. John 
1 Gilman and Maj.-Gen. John \\ . Boyd. 

lani'.uw 9, [847, Walworth was divided into eighl districts, to each as- 
signed a o impany. 

First District— Whitewater and Richmond: Capt. Jesse Pease; Lieuts. 
Sil - Walker. William Potts. 


Second District — Elkhorn, Lagrange, Sugar Creek: Capt. Perrj G. 
Harrington; Lieuts. John G. Wood, William O. Garfield. 

Third District- Troy, Lafayette: ( apt. Charles K. Dean; Lieuts. Will- 
iam A. Smith. Charles W. Hillings. 

Fourth District — Mast Troy. Spring Prairie: No return of offia 

Fifth District — Darien, Sharon: Capt. Rial \\ . Weed, Lieut. David 
J. Best. 

Sixth District — Delavan, Walworth: Capt. Hiram Boyce; Lieuts. Daniel 
Dobbs, Beardsley Lake. 

Seventh District — Geneva: No returns. 

Eighth District — Bloomfield, Hudson, Linn: Capt. tsaac G Miner; 
Lieut-. Albert T. Wheeler. John Ames. 

February 6, 1847. of Major-General Boyd's staff were Eleazar Wakeley, 
division inspector; Experience Estabrook, judge advocate; while Colonel 
Croswell's adjutant was Jacob M. Fish, and surgeon, Dr. Harmon Gra 

It is probable enough that a few young men of the count) enlisted t'>r 
service in the war with Mexico in the regular army, and thai a few m 
were enrolled in one or more of the six regiments of Illinois volunteers for 
like service. But no official record, except the inaccessible rolls oi the ad- 
jutant-general's office at Washington, tells who these men were and how they 
contributed to the patriotic work of "conquering a peace" with that faction- 
torn country. A few men who returned from that war as soldiers of other 
state- came to live in Walworth. 

Throughout the fourteen years of peace which followed the Mexii 
treaty of [847, Wisconsin was prudently prepared against insurrection and 
invasion. Men of military age in each of the older counties constituted a 
regiment and thc\ of the newer counties reported as battalions 01 
were commissioned and appear in reports as generall) present for dut) but 
the rank and file were not so generally visible. For an instance, Kdjul 
General Utley's report for [853 -hows that the sixth of twent) nin< 
ments was that of Walworth, and was then 3,180 strong on paper. The 
Sixth Regimenl was then of the Second Brigade (under Brig Gen Philo 
White of Racine), ■■< the First Di\ hat of M. 1 Rufus King of 

Milwaukee I, and it en companies, from a- many town--, wen- Iett< 1 

from \ to Q. It- field and staff officers were Col. Erasmus D. Richard 
of Geneva ; Lieut.-< -1 \dam E. Kay. of Troy; Major Edwin Brainard, 
Delavan: Xdi't Samuel II. Stafford, of Bl< 
Thayer, of East Tro on Alexander S. P 

p an i eS] i n ordet mpany letter, with name- of captains and enrolled 

strength of each, weri reported ; 



Henry B. Clark 
John A. Perry 
Volney A. McCraken 
Richard O'Connor 
James Cotter 
Perry G. Harrington 

William H. Conger 

H Spring Prairie Ezekiel B. Smith 
I Hudson Lathrop Bullen 

1 Geneva Tohn M. Nelson 


East Troy 










Sugar Creek 



K Delavan 

L Darien 

M Sharon 

N Walworth 

O Linn 

P Bloomfield 

( ) Elkhorn 

William Pierce 
Archibald Woodard 
E. C. Allen 
John M. Cramer 
Albert T. Wheeler 
Charles W. Sibley 
Hollis Latham 

John L. Wilson, Wm. Vanzant 178 
Ralph Goodrich, Israel Dean 188 

Charles King, Leander Birge 293 
Geo. James, Jacob M. Fish 138 

Wyman Spooner, Jr., Theodore 

B. Edwards 146 

Sherman M. Rockwood, Harvey 

M. Curtiss 126 

Stephen Bull, Wm. R. Bern- 240 
Abner Farnum, Edw'd Quigley 169 
Thomas J. Smith, Sam'l C. 

Spafard 256 

H. A. Johnson, A. Briggs 300 

Orange Carter, Henry Clark 171 
Julius A. Treat, Robert Young 200 
Elijah Easton, J. Weston 195 

Robert Foot, Otis H. Hall 135 

Henry S. Fox, Charles Allen 139 
Alva J. Frost, Squire Stanford 99 

Strength of regiment 


In i860 James B. Schrom, of Whitewater, was of the Governor's gen- 
eral staff as quartermaster. Daniel Graham, of Whitewater, and John F. 
Potter were colonels and aids to Governor Randall. Walworth was now of 
the Fifth Regiment and Kenosha of the Sixth, the two forming the First 
Brigade (under Brig.-Gen. J. C. McKesson, of Wheatland) of the Second 
Division, commanded by Maj.-Gen. Daniel C. Tripp, of Whitewater. (The 
other brigade was of Jefferson and eastern Rock counties.) General Tripp 
chose his staff from Whitewater, with two exceptions. All these officers 
ranked as colonels: Frank L. Riser and Robert Williams, aids: Edward 
Barber, paymaster; Henry Warne, surgeon; Newton S. Murphey, judge-advo- 
cate; William II. McCallum, chief of engineers; L. R. Humphrey, chaplain; 
John T. Wentworth (Geneva), commissary, ami a Palmyrene as quarter- 
master. The field officers of the Fifth were Col. Caleb S. Blanchard, of East 
Troy; Lieut. Col. Charles E. Bird, "i" Linn; Mai. Phipps W. Lake, ni Wal- 
worth. Two volunteer companies were attached to tin- regimenl : "Company 


A" (so named), of Whitewater, Capt. Lucius A. \\ inchester, and the Geneva 
Independents. Capt. Daniel C. Roundy. Excepl thai these two companies 

had each forty men, no further return was made of the Fifth Regiment. \ 
very few of all these names of militia officers ma) be found in the roster of 
soldiers of the Civil war, most of them having passed the age limit. Captain 
Wheeler, a young lawyer, was perhaps the onl) one named in these rosters 
commonly addressed by his martial title. 

Having given to Mr. Lincoln in i860 a majority of 2,319 in .1 total vote 
of 5.517, the citizens of Walworth noted with interest the quickl) following 
events, until the affair of Fort Sumter made it certain that the I nion could 
be preserved only by war. The morning newspapers of April 15. [86l, 
brought to them the President'- call to arms, and that day's drum beating 
throughout the county summoned men to the evening's war meetings. Seats 
and standing places at these assemblages were over filled and speaker- usually 
accounted dull found willing and applauding listener-. \t such a time it was 
easy to tip even cool, slow tongues with lire. It was but to let loose the spirit 
of patriotism and of defiance to foreign and domestic enemies, and to forgel 
such word as compromise. .Mr. Winsor, of and at Elkhorn, who had voted 
for Douglas, speaking that evening, did not forget legal precision of term- in 
the unusually warm flow of his indictment of the nation's enemies. He had 
neither softer nor harsher word for them than "rebels," and thus the) remain 
in history. Other speakers racked memory and invention for words and 
phrases likest to thunderbolts and hence fittest for expression of patriotic 
wrath. These village lawyers, retailer- and farmer- -poke thai which tl 
hearers felt, and to one clearly-seen point, the preservation of the I Won by 
national authority. 

The call upon Wisconsin was for one regiment of infantry for a 
of three months. Governor Randall was at once ofl mpanies enough 

to fill three or four regiments. There was nol a compan) of uniformed and 
drilled men in the county, but a few headlong youths found each his wa) 
to Camp Scott, at Milwaukee, to enlisl in such compan had nol reached 
its maximum number of one hundred and ten men. The Second and Third 
regiments were organized b) state authority, in order that thi 
Washington might be answered with partly-instn ; 

more boys of Walworth were enabled to push their w; 
In lune places were made for two companies nizing the Fourth. Com- 

pany \ was of Whitewater and Compan) I of Gi 
tributing to each. Several of the men of thi cre< itei 

show,, by descriptive rolls at Madison, with < of 


April; for the record of Wisconsin men's service begins with their accept- 
ance as recruits and not with the often long-delayed mustering into federal 
service. The interval between enlistment and muster was not subtracted from 
the term of actual service, but the record of earlier enlistment is honorable, 
and the state made such provision as it was able to do, for subsistence, clothing 
and payment of its unmustered soldiers. After the action at Bull Run — in 
which a few men of Walworth advanced, stood, fired and left the field only 
at the order of William T. Sherman, their brigade commander, and at no 
faster pace than his — men of Delavan and Elkhorn joined to form Company 
A of the Tenth. About the same time Company K, of the Eighth, at Racine, 
was filling its thin ranks with stout men of Bloomfield and Hudson. Sharon, 
Whitewater, Lagrange and Sugar Creek respectively officered and manned 
Companies C, H, I and K of the Thirteenth. A few men of several towns 
enlisted among stranger comrades in the First and Second Cavalry Regi- 
ments. Several of the boys of Hudson and Spring Prairie turned out for 
service in the Ninth Battery of Light Artillery. Of the Third Cavalry, Com- 
pany L was raised from the county at large. The towns not thus far named 
sent their men singly and in squads to regiments and batteries most easily 
reached at the instant of enlistment. Except the few men in the First In- 
fantry, all these men of ]80i enlisted for three years. 

Defeat and retreat in the campaigns on the Virginian peninsula and the 
Rappahannock brought a new call for troops. The first regiment of Wis- 
consin, under that call, was the Twenty-second. Company C was taken from 
the Geneva quarter of the county, including also Elkhorn, and Company D 
from Whitewater. The Twenty-eighth was but a few days behind, its Com- 
pany 1) almost wholly of Whitewater. Company E of Sugar Creek and other 
towns, Company 1 of Lafayette, Spring Prairie and the Troys, Company K 
less of this county and few of any one town. Delavan supplied a colonel 
for the Fortieth, a regiment of one-hundred-day men; Delavan. Elkhorn and 
Walworth gave two captains and three lieutenants to Companies F and I. 
The men of F were mostly of Delavan, Elkhorn, Sharon and Walworth. 
Company K. Forty-ninth, was composed of men of Racine and Walworth 
counties. To this company Delavan gave a captain who became major, and 
Geneva gave a lieutenant. The First (and only) Regiment of Heav\ \rtillery 
had a considerable number of our men. unevenly distributed among its twelve 
companies. The whole enrollment, from first to last, was about -'.750 — 
slighth more than the sum of the several quotas assigned. Had it been pos- 
sible to levy all the troops of the ( i\il war within one year the men of Wal- 
\% . , it 1 1 would have formed three average regiments, \s it was. the circum- 


stances of the war made the company the largest military unit in filling the 
county's quotas. 

There is another, and in some respects hetter way of setting forth the 
martial patriotism of Walworth. Wisconsin sent out fifty-om regiments of 
infantry, four regiments of cavalry, one regiment of heavy artillery and 
thirteen batteries of light artillery. Men of Walworth were to be found 
in all these except the Twenty-tirst and Forty-first infantry regiments, and 
the Second, Eighth. Eleventh, and Twelfth light batteries. Besides all this 
service in home organizations, regiments and batteries of Illinois and of the 
regular army, the gun-boat river service, and the navy received each a few 
estrays from the same source. Walworth men served in eighteen states and 
territories — in all the states of the Confederacy except Florida, in the border 
slave states, except Delaware and Wesl Virginia, and in Colorado, fnd 
Territory, Kansas, Minnesota and Pennsylvania. Their enlistments began 
in April, i86l, and their service continued till May, t866. Distributed 
among so many commands, the men of Walworth were parted to the far 
north and to the Gulf, to the eastern sea and to the western ridges of the con- 
tinent. By her young men Walworth followed to battle nearly every then 
and yet famous commander, and leaders now half forgotten. She foil, .wed 
her captains until they became colonels, and her colonels until they exchanged 
their regiment- for brigades, divisions and corps. She advanced, attacked, 
besieged, assaulted; she entrenched, Fortified, resisted, retreated, was i 
tured, and knew Libby and Andersonville from the inside; she preserved 
lines of communication, garrisoned posts, moved after murderous Sioux. 
hanged bushwhackers in border states, marched through sullen, ill-wish 
Baltimore, regulated Xew Orleans, warned awaj the French 
C o — and, in brief, performed nearly every glorious and inglorious duty 
that falls to the lot of soldiers. Her men came home to resume for a shorter 
or longer time their places in the ranks of useful citizens. Many of them went 
one by one to the no longer trackless and boundless west, and the Grand Army 
membership in the county whose quotas they had filled is largely of later 
coming comrades from other counties and stati 

Non-combatant citizens Lore the various burdens of war with unend 
ing patience, and upheld the war policies and rith little nti.-r.Ml 

doubt or question as to their wisdom and necessity. First, there was the 
burden of the currency of the state banks, nominally secured, in many in- 
stances, by dep i e previously depreciated bonds of states wind, pa 
ordinance's ol sion and of states which wen me time of doubtful 
fidelity to the union of all the states. Then cam.- the call for their young 


men to arms, taking away the help needed on farm and in shop; and, too soon, 
followed news of privation, sickness and death. Xext, the unstable national 
war currency, its value falling steadily until the return of peace. Throughout 
all was the variable fortune of armies in the field, when defeat seemed too 
frequent and success but slowly and feebly pursued. Against all these things, 
and things unspeakable, men's and women's souls were firmly fortified by 
their sense of the justice of the national cause, and they held themselves in 
readiness for further sacrifices. They subscribed to bounty funds, and then 
voted town bounties in order that quotas need not be filled by conscription. 
In fact, the district provost-marshal's wheel turned but seldom to make even 
among the towns the burden of personal service in the field. 

The women who met formally and informally as sanitarv aid so- 
cieties, and as individuals, took upon themselves some duty toward the sick 
and wounded at field and post hospitals, made no record of their timely and 
most welcome services. But it is not unlikely that the state will soon publish 
whatever the uncertain memory of survivors of that period of storm and 
stress may recall of the good done by patriotic women of Wisconsin, with 
some note of the doers. Should this be done, the women of Walworth will 
have a place in the tardy memorial. One name, at least, is not forgotten 
here, that of Mrs. Mary Elizabeth (Chesebro) Lee, then of Sugar Creek, a 
daughter of Ebenezer Chesebro and Anna Griswold, wife of Nelson Lee, 
and mother of one of the earlier superintendents of schools, Elon Nelson 
Lee. She took her active part in organizing aid at home, and then went 
in person to the wounded and sick in field hospitals and in the general hos- 
pital at Louisville. What she did can not be told as yet with approach to 
fulness and accuracy, but her matronly care and skill, so unselfishly and 
noiselesslv given in that soul-trying time, are yet well and gratefully re- 

Tlie father-, and mothers bad thought and talked much of the happier 
time when the boys should come home and take again their old* places on 
the farm and in the village shop. "Alas! our dreams, they come not true." 
The boys had grown to manhood and maturer minds amid the quickening im- 
pulses of that history-making period, had seen men and cities, and "glorious 
old Walworth" was no longer all the world to them. They came home, but 
for many of them, only to go out again. In the spring of 1865 men were 
already eager to find, each citizen and returning soldier, his own place in the 
activities of business, so long suspended or maimed by panic ami war. now 
SO hopefully planned and resolutely pushed: and this before the last dirtv- 
blue regimenl had slouched at the easy gait of veterans through the streets 


of cities, from one terminal station to another, on its waj to camp of muster- 
ing out and final payment. The service-worn followers of Granl and In- 
great lieutenants were fast merging themselves in the "ugly rush" of cities 
as better-paid mechanics, accountants, students at short-course business 
schools, or servants of railway companies — all hopeful of rapid promotion, 
and little minded to drop into the old obscurities and low-paid drudgerii 
farm and village life, "where nothing happens." \ few enthusiastic patriots, 
men and women, urged subscriptions to raise local monuments t>> the hi 
dead, but were not always nor often successful. It was not yet time for mon- 
ument building — certainly not for a county monument. 

In course of time Grand Army posts were instituted, but at first and 
quite naturally and therefore rightly their efforts and influence were dit 
to the equalization of the unevenly distributed service bounties and to promo- 
tion of more adequate pension rates with more liberal bureau ruling-. In a 
few more years the steadily dwindling post membership suggested a county 
comradeship which might include the few men who were not of the Grand 
Army of the Republic. Occasionally reunion- of men of Walworth and Wau- 
kesha counties of the Twenty-eighth and somewhat more general meetings 
at the Lauderdale lakes and at Whitewater led to the formation of the Wal- 
worth County Soldier and Sailors Association in r88o. It- membership i- in- 
expensive and its proceedings but little burdened with formalism. It- yearly 
meeting, held late in August, on grassy parks and under friendly tree-, brings 
together soldiers and citizens in hundreds to " make a day of it"- and a long 
evening as well. No greal time is wanted for election of officers am 
of other less pressing business; and soon after dinner the bugler rail- hand 
and singers,, speakers and hearers to a feast of ex< ellent music and an abund 
ant flow of oratory, declamation, and plain -peaking — all received in best of 
humor by the large, sympathetic and unexacting audiei 

Among earlv organizers and builders of the Association, now not living. 
were Col. Edmund B. Gray, an honorary member, a full-minded and ready 
talker who never uttered nonsense nor was ever dull: Edwin D. • !oe, whom it 
was very pleasant and good for comrades and decent citizens to know; 
George W. Wylie, different from tin e >wn way most useful. 

Men who had helped I- mal e larger history than that of counties earn. 
Lieut-Gen. Henry C. Corbin. while yet at tin- head of the regular army 
Henry Harnden. the captor of Jefferson Davis; Gen. Lucius Fairchild, of the 
immortal Iron Brigade. National and state comm f the Grand Army 

are always invited air! i lorn come. Of 1 

speakers have been Rt. Rev. Samuel Fallows, brigadier 


general, Forty-ninth Wisconsin Infantry, United States Senator Joseph V. 
Qnarles, ex-Governors William D. Hoard and William II. Upham, Hon. 
Alexander E. Matheson, of Janesville, and Jay W. Page, of Elkhorn I natives 
of the county ). The altar, the pulpit and the bar of the county have not been 
called upon in vain to lend interest to this county holiday. 

soldiers' memorial roll. 

In 1907 the board of supervisors appointed a committee of three of its 
members with two soldiers to consider and report a plan for making a roster 
of all the county's men in service in the Civil war, to be cast in bronze and 
placed on an inner wall of the county-court building. This committee was: 
Capt. Theodore A. Fellows, Genoa Junction ; R. Bruce Arnold. Lake Geneva ; 
George Renner, Sugar Creek ; Leonard C. Church. Walworth ; John G. Mead- 
ows, Lyons; Henry D. Barnes, secretary. In 1908 the committee's plan of 
bronze plates and a record book was adopted and eighteen hundred dollars 
was appropriated. The committee appointed two compilers of the proposed 
roll, with directions to go to Madison and Washington, if needful, and exam- 
ine adjutant-general's records. In 1909 a third board of supervisors chose 
from samples of bronze work and appropriated one thousand two hundred 
dollars more for a worthier design than the one at first considered. Early in 
1910 plates containing the names of 2.743 men were secured to the walls of the 
room previously set apart for the use of Grand Army posts. Provision is 
made for the few names not yet found and verified. The session of 1910 added 
three hundred dollars to the sums already appropriated, for the purpose of 
completing the type-written descriptive rolls. It is noteworthy as indicating 
the sympathy of the board and it- constituents with the wishes bf living sol- 
diers that these several measures passed without opposition. 

This roster, now more nearly complete and more nearly error-tree, and 
more accessible than ever he fore, was compiled forty-three years after the 
end of the war, when lew men were living and fewer were within inquirer's 
reach who could correcl some of the errors and explain some of the seeming 
anomalies of the fifty-eight large volumes of descriptive rolls of Wisconsin 
soldiers. These volumes, written by as many hands, were compiled from regi- 
mental returns and from the bi-monthly musters of companies. These were 
often defective and sometimes wanting. Clerical errors are to he found. 
though corrections, when authenticated, are entered (in red ink). The col- 
umns for town and county of each soldier's residence and for the town 
and county credited with his services are, many of them, par- 



tially or wholly blank, and even when the name of the town is shown, thai of 
the county is often wanting. The names of Bloomfield, Genoa, Hone) (reek. 
Hudson, Lafayette, Linn. Richmond, Sharon, Springfield, Sugar (reek and 
Troy, all then and all but one now on the map of Walworth, are repealed one 
or more times in other counties of \\ isconsin. St. Croix count) has four ol 
these names, and there are four Springfields in the state. Th rolls 

of the county for [860 determined some of these uncertainties; and the enroll- 
ments of 1862, made by the several sheriffs, of citizens subjeel to military 
service — now a part of the State I [istorical Society's collection of manuscripts 
— might have helped further had all these returns keen preserved. The in- 
valuable records of the adjutant-general's office at Madison are now securely 
stored in the east wing of the new statehouse. 

The form chosen for the Following soldier list, that by regiments, seems 
most convenient for this work. A satisfactory list by towns is impossibl 
the county svstem of the last two years of the war often drew men ol 
town into service for another town, within or without the county, win 
each new call for troops offered highest premium. Names of men who served 
in more than one command are repeated for each such re-enlistment. < rfficers 
are given their highest rank. It should be noted that officers, on their promo 
tion, were sometimes transferred to another company in the same or an 
regiment. Names marked with an asterisk 1 :: 1 are of men who died in sen - 
ice. Two asterisks mirk names of men killed or mortally wounded in action: 


I ... 

Amann, Frederick 11 

Babcock. Henry II K 

Bradley, Ole J K 

Burke, Thomas E — 

Cansdell. Henry W., Ass'1 Surgeon 

( assoboin, William L 

Conant, John A B 

Coon, Alonzo B B 

Deacon, John R 

Dewev. Washington II 

Doneburg, John . I 

♦Downey, John W I 

I )i i) le, [1 iseph B 

Eddy, Uriel C K 

Rowers, I )avid S B 

I 1 «ter, * harles R . F 

Fox, ( leorge 1 1., chaplain. 

Foy , Thomas 

( ribbons, Michael II 

1 Ireiber, Herman J I' 

1 irossman, William I 

I [allenbeck, Edwin II B 

I [amilton, Jesse B . \ 

I [anchett, Alanson K 

Hicks. Edwin R . B 

5, William II . . 
Keve I 



Mahan, Edward — 

Martin, John K 

Marvin, Ferdinand ■ — 

Medbery, John W B 

*Moores, Edward P A 

Mosher, Joseph E., 2d Lt G 

Myers, Henry A H 

Odell, Andrew J C 

Parkhurst, James T 

Pengilly, Alexander D 

Pickett, Samuel H M 

Piatt, Otis M 

Randolph, William H B 

Rann, Lallemand H., Batt'n Quar- 

Robbins, Eber F 

*Rollo, Frederick C B 

Simmons, James A 

Smith, James A 

Spencer, Levi M 

Stilson, James \ 

Sullivan, Dennis I 

Thayer, Hollister B B 

Traver, Eugene F 

Truax, John H F 

**Truesdell, Philander K 

Webber, Herbert F 

Welch, Richard H H 

*Wendt, Frederick A 

Wright, George H B 


*Allen, Jacob H K 

Anderson, Stewart K 

Armstrong, Henry L 

Armstrong, Howard K 

Barnard, Luther A E 

Barnes, Herbert K 

Bellows, George H K 

Barnett, David A., 1st Lieut. .. K 

Berry, Robert K 

Bowen, George W K 

Bradt. ( ieorge A K 

Breed, Shubael II K 

*Breed, William K 

Bristol, Lucius F K 

Brown. James I K 

Cameron. Thomas K 

Campbell, Alexander J K 

"!*Carter, Legrand K 

( 'alter, Lewis K 

1 lark, Elijah K 

I lark, Harry D K 

Clark, Oscar F K 

Clowes, Charles K 

Corbin, Alfred K 

Crocker, Benjamin F., Capt K 

Cunningham. William P K 

Cutler, William K 

Davidson, George B., Capt K 

Davidson, William K 

Dodge. Levant K 

Doolittle, Wayne C K 

Dyke. William H K 

Eckert. Charles K 

Ellsworth, George D K 

Enps, Emilius K 

Fisher, Elias W K 

Fleming, David K 

Franklin, Joel K 

Gaft'ey, Thomas H 

Gibson, I reorge W D 

Gilbert, Louis \ j<; 

I loff, Milton \ K 



Greenman. James K 

Greenman, Lorenzo K 

Groshong. John B \ 

Hall. John G 

Hammond. George W K 

Hare, Stephen K 

Hauck. David I . 

Hawver, Dewey F K 

Hillman. Arthur C K 

Hillman, Edwin E K 

Hillman. William W K 

*Hines. Thomas K 

*Hoel. Jacob J M 

Holden, Silas Rockwell E 

Hollister. William K 

*Ho\ve. Charles M K 

Hunt. William . . . .• K 

Huntress, Merritt K 

Hutchins. Fred W., Ca|)t K 

Hutchins. Oliver C K 

Hutchinson. Daniel F K 

Jones. Walter S K 

Joy, Fernando D K 

Judge. Charles K 

Kavanangh, William K 

Kelsey, Charles K 

Kelsey, James K 

Lacy, John T K 

Lake, Philip W K 

Lawless, Th >mas K 

Lippitt, Hezekiah K 

Lloyd, Thomas Jr K 

Loucks. George W K 

McManigle, Ira L K 

McMillen, Dennis T K 

*Mllls, Henry K 

Mohr, Albert K 

Nelson, Andrew K 

Nichols, Daniel M K 

Odell, John A K 

< 'Km m. Andrew K 

Onderdi >nk, ( lharles K 

( Kvens, John II...-. K 

Payne, Andrew J K 

Peck, Peter P., isl Lieut K 

Pounder. ( in irge II K 

* I '"under. JameS F K 

Pramer. Walter K 

( hiinn. James K K 

Read, Jeremiah K 

Reynolds, Philip T K 

Riley, John P K 

Rogei s, I a'mbert J K 

Roundy, Porter M.. 2d Lieut . . . . K 

Sage, ( hauneev K 

Seaman, \lK-n (1 K" 

Seaman, David B K 

Seaver. Rodney K 

Seaver, William. Q. M. Sergt. 

Severson, Benjamin K 

Shaw. George D K 

Shea. William K 

Sirrett, Ebenezer I I ) 

Sizer, Melvin K K 

Smith. Francis K 

♦Smith, Diner M K 

'Smith. I i K 

Smith, Washington K 

Smith. \\ illiain K 

Smothi Olwin K 

Starin, < (range C . K 

Steel, 1 hi -tan K 

1 1., i-t Lieut K 


W K 

' K 



Strasser, Conrad K 

Sweet, Eugene B K 

Taggart, Leonard W K 

Thompson, Richard K 

Tremper, Edgar K 

Trimble, Benjamin F K 

Vanderhoof, John M., 2d Lieut. K 

Van Valkenburg, Myron K 

Waite, Orange R K 

Wasmuth, Charles K 

Waterhouse, Hugh K 

Watson, Merritt K 

Weaver, Silas Enslow K 

Welch, George S K 

Whitney, Samuel H C 

Williams, Edson, 1st Lieut . . . . K 

Williams, John R K 

Wright. Spencer K 


*Armstrong, Robert 

Austin, Hiram 

**Bartram, David D 

Battisfore, Augustus J 

*Bemis, Elijah M 

Bliss, Andrew J 

Brandon. John 

Brandt, Julius E 

Brandy, James 

Carver, Aaron 

*Case, William H 

*Cass, Clarence W 

Cass, Martin 

Chapman, William 

Church, Leonard C 

( '< ilburn, Paul 

Crane. ( Jeorge J 

Crego, James P 

(rites. John, 1st Lieut 

Curtis, Myron G 

Darrow, ' leorge W 

i >cw ing, Nelson I h iratio 

I )n\\ , I ,orenzo 

Drake, Brew ster B 

I luffy, James 

101 wards, I. Mien J., Com. Serg't. 
T'arr. \sa W., Or. Master 

E Garfield, Eli William L 

L Garfield, Oscar L 

L Garfield, William M L 

G Gilbert, Curtis E L 

G Gilbert, Nelson B L 

L Gleason, Herbert J., Hosp. Steward 

G Goodsell, Harry, 1st Lieut G 

D Hale, Joel G 

G Hall, Samuel C L 

D Hardy, Michael G 

G Hart, Ithamar W L 

E **Hooper, Daniel M L 

G Hoskings. William D 

A Howard, Patrick H 

L Ingalls, Ludden B L 

D Jackson, Levi L 

D Jackson, Stedman L L 

D King. Albert D E 

D Kizer, Fernando Cortez, Capt. . . D 

A Kling, George H D 

L *Lavin, Thomas L 

L Lavin, William L 

C Lawless, Lawrence L 

I . I .cn>v, I [enry T G 

I. Lippitt, John W L 

1 .1 iwe, Amasa D 

1. 1 .umsden, h ihn T 1 . 



McGivern, Patrick 1 

Marsh, David O G 

Marsh, Eugene T L 

Mohr, Matthias G 

Morse, Lyman L 

Nolan, James H 

O'Hara, Edward G 

O'Hara, Michael G 

Parker, James M ( '• 

Parker. Norman ( ! 

*Parmelee, Edwin A L 

Perkins, Edwin G L 

*Perkins, Oscar \Y L 

Pern-, Charles A., Capt L 

Puffer, Samuel J 11 

Regan. Daniel P D 

Reynolds, Benoni Orrin, Surgeon. 
Rogers. Harold H. Serg't Maj. 

Rogers, Herschel P G 

Rogers, Mortimer F G 

Royce, Henry L D 

Russell. Elias B I 

Russell, Thomas T I 

Scott. Calvin L D 

Scoville, James K II 

Shahino. Henry D 

Sheffield. Daniel J 1 1 

Shugart, Albert M 

Sncll, Walter II G 

Snyder, Joseph G 

Siren. William B 

Stone. Lafayette D 

Stoodley, William E L 

Storms. Francis D 

Stratton, William J L 

Thomas, < leorge N < i 

Thomas. Josiah G 

Thompson, Dewitl C G 

Titus, Otis I ) 

Traub, Adam I . 

Tyler. Rollin G 

Van Bogart, Tip ( I larrison) . . 

Van I Ionic, Charles I < i 

Van Moorsell, Martin I > 

Van Valkenburg, Jacob < . 

Weir, Ji ihn I . 

Weldon, Michael G 

West. William L 

*Whitmore, Rue! L 

Wilbers, Herman M 

*Wilcox, Byron 1 1. 

*Wilson, David G 

Winer. John D 

Wiswell, Charles Edward L 

Wiswell. Henry C L 

Wolfendon, Joseph T I 


♦Adams, James II \ Beebe, Emery I F 

Allen. Orlando \ Bingham, Newcomb 

Ambler. Henry C F 

Aylward, Richard F 

Barry, Melville A F 

*Beardsley, Horace Gardner. ... F 

Beckhard. Amos H \ 

Becklev, Homer Meader A 

*Blake, Joseph 

Blanchard, Lorison G F 

Blodgett, Rollin F 

Honker, [saac A 

Boswell, Marshall E \ 

Bowers, Nicholas George F 



Branch, Charles L A 

Brewer, Wilbur N A 

Brice, John P F 

Bridge. John W., Hosp. Steward. 

Briggs, George Gaskill G 

Britton, John F 

Brown, George H., 1st Lieut. . F 

Brown, Joseph F A 

Browning, Lorenzo F 

Buck, Jerome H A 

*Bull, Charles Henry F 

Burdick, Albert F 

Burdick, Asbury F 

Burdick, Charles H F 

Burnham, John A 

Burt, Roswell F 

Burton, Nathan F 

Bush, John H F 

Cadman, Charles A 

*Carmichael, Richard D F 

Carroll, Patrick F 

Castle, Lewis A 

Castle, Philo A., ist Lieut A 

Chaffee, Alfred E., ist Lieut. ... A 

Chamberlain, Joseph A A 

*Chappell, Turner C F 

Church, George W F 

Clark, Luther F 

Cleary, Martin H 

Coffee. Christopher C, ist Lieut. F 

Conklin, James G F 

Craigue, Nelson F., Colonel. 
Creiger, Tehiel, Sergt. Major. 

Cronk, Reuben R \ 

Curtice, I iharles !•'.., Capt F 

Dake. Henry M K 

Dake, Martin II K 

Dake, William If K 

Darling, Van Rensselaer F 

David, Louis W F 

Davidson, Ebenezer F 

Davidson, Hugh R F 

Dewing, Manville Henry A 

Dewing, Norman Houston .... A 

Dick, Charles W K 

Dikeman, John W F 

Dodge, Sidney W F 

Dodge, William H F 

Drinkwine, Commodore P F 

Duffy, Thomas A 

Dunbar, Oscar A 

Duncombe, Moses A 

Durkee, Harris R., ist Lieut. . . . F 

Eaton, Oliver K A 

Ennis, James A 

Farnsworth, William R ...... . A 

**Farnum, Ezra C F 

Farrar, George Henry F 

Felch, Chester E. W A 

Felch, John E A 

Ferguson, Samuel D A 

Finch, Gilbert B.. ist Lieut A 

Fish, Stephen L A 

Fitzgerald, Michael F 

Fowler, John E H 

Freeler, Jacob A 

Gibbs, James L F 

Gill, Thomas J A 

Goodenough. Walter \ 

Goodwin, Gilman ( '• F 

Gray, James L D 

( iray, Robert Bruce F 

Green, Charles A \ 

*Green, Horace D., Hosp. Steward. 

< '.undersoil, John \ 

Hamilton, Frederick B A 



Handy, Thomas J F 

Harrington, John W A 

Harris, Chester C E 

Hart, Patrick F 

Haskell, Jeremiah F 

Haswell, William S F 

Heller, Jacob A 

Henderson, Edward F 

*Herrick, William Lafayette . . . F 

*Holden, George A 

Hopkins, Ephraim F 

Hotchkiss, John F 

Howard, John C D 

Hulburt, D. William, Com. Serg't. 

Humphrey, Jerome B A 

Jacobs, Abraham C F 

Jacobs, Daniel F 

Jerome. Albert A F 

Johns, Charles A., 1st Lieut F 

Johnson, Allen S F 

Johnson. Nelson \ 

Keith, Franklin \ 

**Kenyon, Clark M A 

Keyes, Stewart W F 

King, Walter M A 

Kittelson, Austin A 

Kizer, Frank L \ 

Klock, Marcus R F 

Kribs. Charles \ 

Lawrence, Henry E 

Leach, Jonathan F 

♦Lewis, Charles II \ 

♦Lovejoy, Calvin S \ 

*Luce, Joseph S F 

Ludman, Frederick W \ 

*Ludman, William T \ 

Lull, Noyes F 

*McBride, Allen B F 

Mc( iraWj Edgar S F 

McManus, Josiah C F 

McNeal, Charles II F 

Magill, Henry II F 

♦Marshall, ( leorge F I 

Matthews, James F 

Matthews, William Henry F 

**Maxon, 1 Janiel B., ist Lieut . . F 

Mead. Isaac X., 1st Lieut F 

A I m|'i at t, William 11 \ 

Mood) . Edward L \ 

M01 idy, Reuben T \ 

Mi irfc m, Marcus W \ 

Mulligan, Samuel (twice) . . . . A F 

Murphy, John \ 

XetT. Henry X F 

Xewcomb, Joseph F 

Nichols, Daniel W F 

Nilsson, Nils \ 

Xyce, Hiram S \ 

Oleson, Ole B \ 

Parker, George E F 

**Parks, William F 

♦Patterson, Ashbel \ 

Payne, Aaron F 

Peck, George Wilbur, _'d Lieut.. E 

Perry, ( iharles \ 

I 'err) . I [enry \ 

Phillips, ( ieorge II \ 

Phillips, Jacob \ 

Pixley, I tolphus E., ts( Lieul . . . E 

Powell, .Charles C I 

Pramer, Levi I 

I 'reed) . Stephen \ 

Proctor, I >a\ id \ \ 

Puffer. ( Ihenery F 

'utnam, I [enry I 

Ralston, William H I 



*Ranney, Moses A 

Reese. Sylvester \ 

Ripley, Jacob F 

Robinson, Franklin A 

Ross, Washington F 

Roundy, Daniel C, Capt F 

Rouse, Timothy F 

Rowe, John A 

So >tt. James A 

Seeley, Milo F 

Shaver. James H F 

*Sherman, Alfred F 

Sherman, Charles F 

Sherman, Horace F 

Simmons, Charles F B 

Simmons, David E A 

Smith, Clark H F 

*Smith, John F 

*Smith, Levi F 

Smith, Sidney \ 

Snow, Harvey L F 

*Squires, John H F 

Stearns, human G F 

Steele, Charles W A 

Stevens, Edward J E 

Storms, William If F 

Sw in, Ira A 

Sw in, [eri une \ 

**Tabor, William M V 

Trumbull, Fitzjames F 

**Tuohey, Patrick F 

Tupper, Alvaro W F 

Tupper, Jerome B F 

**Tupper, Joseph P F 

Turner, George A 

Utter, Cyrus D F 

Van Norman, Charles R F 

*Viles, Gustavus Granville F 

*Vodre, Charles A 

Waffle, Leander F 

'Walker, Geo 



Weatherwax, Andrew J..jd Lieut. F 

Weatherwax, Monroe J F 

Webb, Major P A 

Weeks, Martin W F 

Weeks, Theodore F 

Welsh, Hiram J ■ A 

Wenham, William 11 V 

Whalen, Patrick F 

Whelan, Joseph P A 

White, Nelson W F 

Wills. .11. Ole \ 

Wilson, Asad F 

Wire. Gideon J A 

Wood. John F 


\nyaii. William B 

Baker, Benjamin R II 

Hear, Isaac K 

Beckwith, Edward Seymour ... A 

I >eeden, Ji ihn E 

I'.li^s, | )aniel F 

Bowers, Nicholas George B 

I Irainerd, Francis E E 

Brown, James E 

Brow lie James Edwin C 

Mullen, Robert G 

Butler, Sidnej \ B 

Carle. Jonas H B 

( ihristmas, John B 

( ^olberg, ( harles K 

Cole, fudson E B 



Coulthard. James A \ 

Cox, William E 

Crites, Alexander L 

Crites, George L 

Cross. George L 

Demroe, John L 

Drake, Charles P E 

Dntcher. Samuel — 

Eggert, Charles II 

Eldredge. Charles T A I 

Falmer, Wallace W L 

Farr, George L 

Finch. George E 

Finch, Solomon J E 

Fisher, Augustus C E 

Fisher, John E 

Fowler, Benjamin F L 

Fuller, James E AT 

Garrett, Andrew J, ist Lieut. ... A 

Caskill. Joseph B 

Gilbert, Don A \ 

Goff, Sidney Calkins E 

Haywood, Charles \ 

Henderson. John Hicks B 

Herron, John \Y K 

Hess, Nicholas E 

Hickox, Hervey West B 

Hill. Amasa P E 

Hill. Elhridge F 

Hill. William H. Com. Sergt. 

Hopkins. Daniel C 1- 

Howard. Wilder M E 

Hubbard, John W B 

Huntress. James K. P B 

Huntress. Samuel Doctor I'. 

Johnson, John E 

Karbetski, August L 

Keeley, James L 

Kelley, fohn E 

Kenyon, William L 

Know Iton, I >a\ id E E 

ECrokofsky, Frederick L 

Langham, Edward \ 

Lew i^, James C 

Lewis, Mark A C 

Lingenfelter, Daniel F 

Mead. Isaac \\ G 

Medbery, ( ieorge W E 

Motherway, John E 

Moult' m, Stillman F 

Olds, John J I 

Oleson. Lars L 

O'Neil, William L 

Parker, Ji iseph F K 

Perry, John Adams C 

Pier, Michael E 

Ouinn, Thomas I . 

Ray, Patrick Henry, Captain. ... I 

Sales, William M B 

Sanhi tii, 1 loratio 1! E 

Sands. Peter F 

Scott. Marion I : . A 

Sewell, < ieorge E C 

*Shearman, I Eenry S B 

Sin >rt. Ji ihn \ 

Smith. Edwin R \ 

Smith. William R I 

Starkey, Thomas K 

Stevens, Evarts C B 

Steven-. Martin E., tsl Lieul .... G 

Stewart, < 'harles I 

Stone, ( ieorge W \ 

Swift, John II 

I >ft, Alfred \ 

Utter, I >■■ ight B 

Van [saac L 

ph I 

Wagenknecht, Charles D 



Warner, Samuel P B 

Welch, Sidney H 

Wells, William S E 

Wheelock, Norman E 

Whitney, Throop B B 

Willis, Anson C A 

Wilson, Samuel J L 

Winsor, Curtis H B 

Wood, Edgar A C 

Wroe, Thomas J., Com. Sergt. 

Williams, John E Yost, William 



Cansdell, Henry, Surgeon. 


Ellison, Wesley. 
Groesbeck, Gilbert. 

Loucks, Andrew M. 
Maxwell. James. 

Snow, Orrin D. 



Fernald, Clarence D. 

Miller, Clarkson, Surgeon. 


Berges, Henry P. 
Brown, Joseph F. 
Criger, William. 
Evans, Jesse G. 

Graham, James. 
Hutton, Jonathan B. 
Wilbur, John F. 


Ashley, Henry. 
Bemis, Lyman A. 
Borst, John. 
Brown, Theodore. 
Brownlee, John. 
Cole, Leander. 
Cox, Daniel. 

Crawford, John H. 
Derby, Eugene W. 
I )euel, Joseph B. 
Fielder, Henry. 
Fisk, Clinton O. 
Flagerman, 1 [enry. 
Fowler, ( ieorge \V. 



Fowler, John 
*Funk, Charles. 
Funk, Edward. 
Granger, Josiah. 
Haight, Benjamin J. 
Haines, Samuel J. 
Haller, Samuel. 
Haller. Theodore. 
Hand, John Wesley. 
Harp, Joseph. 
Healey, Christopher. 
Holton, Richard. 
Ingham, Silas A. 
Kyburz, William. 
Langdon, Isaac M. 
Lawrence, Charles. 

Lull, Noyes. 
Magill, John C. 
Maycock, 1 tarry. 
Meadow s, John G. 
Merriam, James E. 
Owels, Herman F. 
Owels, William. 
Robertson, Oscar B. 
Stulken, Gerhard E. 
Tayli >r, James P. 
Travis, Francis W. 
Tripp, George W. 
Watts, Edmund T. 
Watts, Gebhard. 
Watts, James. 
Wilcox, Thomas H. 

Banfield, Michael R. 


Cash, William. 


Beckley, Homer Aleader. 

Bond, Samuel. 

Boyle, Felix. 

Branch, Willard S. 

Campbell, Robert A. 

Chaffee, Alfred E., First Lieutenant. 

Clark, Edward F. 

Corkett, John K. 

Cross, George L., First Lieutenant. 

Dancey, George E. 

Dewing. Norman Houston. 

Fisk, Lucien J I. 

Flanders, Arthur W. 

Fryer, James. 

*Green, Addison. 

Green, Charles A. . 

Hall, William. 

I farrison, Alpheus T. 
Holcomb, John J. 
Hunt, Charles P. 
Jotie^. ^mericus \ . 
Ji Hies, I [enry L. 
Magill, James A. 
: Plain, John V. 
Redf Til. Spencer T. 
Robinson, I >avid S. 
Rockwell, Morris E. 
Saunders, Michael. 

S< hultz, August W. 
Sewright, I . iL r e. 
Simpson, Thorn; 
in-. I [enry C. 



Stoner, Hiram. 
Thatcher, George D. 
Walsh, William. 
West, William. 

Westphall, William. 
*Wickett, Thomas. 
Wing, George Nelson. 


Becker, William H B 

Beckwith, George Henry C 

Carter, Arthur W B 

Carville. James C 

Devendorf, Daniel B., Asst. Surgeon 

Dye, James W r Band 

Fabian, August C 

**Fabian, Charles C 

*Fischer, Emil Caspar C 

Hinzpeter, August C 

Kingman, Newton H K 

Kirsner, John C 

Lawrence, Henry C 

Lawrence, William R C 

Lawton, William B 

Leary, Daniel C 

Lippitt, John W E 

Lumb, William E 

Marbecker, James M B 

Mead, John B 

.Montague. Henry O B 

Moore. Edson B 

Morgan, Leman C F 

Mosher, William Henry B 

*Mulligan, James B 

Neiheisel, Peter C 

Neldner, Frederick C 

Norcross. Pliny K 

Owens, John H B 

*Peake, William C 

*Relyea, Leo/is B 

Savage, Horace D B 

Schlieger, Conrad C 

Scrafford. James B F 

Sentenn, Lewis W C 

Skillen. John C B 

Slocum. James Band 

Wandall. Henry B 

Weyrough, Jacob C 

*Whilden, Jesse - B 


**Baldwin, Theodore F K 

Barright, Augustus D F 

Beckwith. Edward Seymour . . . . K 

I >' >yle. James K 

*Flanders, Martin V K 

Garrett, Andrew J K 

Gilbert, Don A K 

I layne, Nicholas K 

Knapp, Franklin P K 

Mcintosh, James K 

Mclntyre, John D 

McLachlen. John D 

Nagel, Nicholas K 

Ray, Patrick Henry K 

Rodman, Martin F 

Salisbury. Charles J K 

Si-' ►field, I leorge F F 

Stratum, Alcinous C 

WALWORTH COUNTY, Wisconsin. [25 

Stratton. Gilmore M C Whitney, T. B K 

Teachout, Nelson E K Wilkins, 1 [enry B K 

Welton, Marvin F Winne, Oscar F G 


Baker, Charles E Johnson, Lorenzo D I 

Bartlett, Oscar F., Surgeon. Mcl-'arlane, Edward P B 

*Baxter, William K .Meyer, Francis Xavier D 

Beans, Albertus I Newell, Alonzo K 

Browne. William Adamthwaite. . G Otterson, Osmund \ 

Cornell, Louis A Otterson. Warren P \ 

Feeny, James — Priem, Richard \ 

Hart, Charles A A *Sales, William 1 1 

Hart. John R A Sawall. Louis K 

Hart. Perry A Williams. Jabez K 

*Haswell, Joseph A 


Baker, Nathaniel E Money, I 'eter - 

Eggleston, John F ** Riley. Abram K \ 

Hanson, John F Storey, John W G 

Ingalls. Alfred K Sturgis, William B Vdjt 

Tones. William G — 


Allen, William G D Kilmartin. John G 

Bartlett, Oscar F Wt. Surgeon Rogers, John W D 

Brennan, John I > Van Wie. I )avid C K 

Coonrod, Martin C Wilson, < leorge W 


Barrett, Patrick K Carney, Edward K 

I '.card. Josiah II K Carney, George K 

Browne, James Edwin B Claflin, John S K 

Bruce, fohn W.. 2d Lieut K Costley, William II 



♦Cromwell, Orrin B B 

Durham, John B 

♦Eddy, Nathan H K 

Eggleston, Leroy A K 

Ellis, William D K 

Fenton, John H K 

♦Herrington, Albert M K 

Hoyt, George S Major 

Hoyt, John M Captain K 

Hughes, William K 

Huntress, Gideon K 

Huntress, Hiram B K 

Hyde. Willis K 

Klein, Carl K 

Livingston, Reuben L K 

Lyon. Frederick S K 

McCabe, James K 

**McKinney, William D K 

McNamara, Michael K 

Miller, Peter G. C K 

Morse, Samuel B., 2d Lieut K 

** Norton, Charles B K 

**Norton, Nathan K 

Sentenn, Menander O I 

Smith, Charles W I 

Snyder, James H K 

Stever, Washington, 1st Lieut.. K 

♦♦Stillson, Thomas H A 

Teachout, Alfred K 

**Walrath, William W.. 2d Lieut. T 

*Watson, George F K 

**Whitcomb, Francis T 

White, Nelson I 

Wilkins, Louis S K 

*Wilson, William S K 

Wood. Stafford L K 

Wood. Stillman K 


Alcroft, George K 

Baker, Horace K 

Billings, Levi J K 

Dawson, Thomas K 

Dickinson, Charles D K 

Farley, Edwin K 

Fellows, Theodore A.. Captain. . K 

lYrnald, Clarence K 

Fernald. Frederick K 

Faulkner. John K 

Field. Francis M K 

Grestjen, Isaac K 

I [art, < leorge N K 

I [erzog, Edward K 

Hickox, Alfred A K 

Hicknx, William E K 

Hobart, John Chaplain 

Holmes, George S K 

Hubbard. John K 

*Lowe, John H K 

Mack, Hulbert C K 

*Mairie, Albert Dickson K 

♦Manning, Charles B K 

Miller. Amos J K 

*Mott, Josiah K 

Myles, Nellis — 

Noyes, Charles Augustus K 

Olp. Harry K 

♦Paddock, Herbert G K 

Palmetier, Charles, 2d Lieut. ... K 

Palmetier. Jared K 

Powderly, William II K 

Randall. Cedric B K 

Rollow, Francis F 



*Rouse, William N K 

Rutenber, Menzo K 

Sentenn, Benjamin fi 

Smith. Albert E., Capt B 

Smith, Charles W K 

Smith, William R K 

Tin >mas, David K 

Thurston. Alfred X C 

*Tupper, Silas W K 

W eeks, Levi K 

Whonn, William K 

Wyman, Frank I K 

Wyman, < leorge K 


Alt". Marcus E 

Boiler, Franz '. E 

Booth, Andreas — 

Good. Anton G 

*Grossmeyer, Johann D 

Hille. John H 

Holl, Leonhardt D 

Kieslich, Franz, Hosp. Steward 

Naumann, Friederich E 

Xaumann. Moritz I". 

Scheitel, Joseph C 

Scherle, I tenry II 

\ orpagel, Julius | | 


**Adams, Daniel 

*Adams. Mortimer 

*Adams, Peter 

Alf. Wendelin 

Babcock, Ira E 

Babcock. Plimpton 

**Bell. William J 

Blakeman. Absalom 

*Bovee, Andrew D 

Bovee, Cornelius 

Brabazon. William 

Bradt. William I 

Briggs, \\'il! >nr X 

*Bro\vn. Sibley 

*Burdick, Chester A., ist Lieut. 

Burr. Charles FI 

Burtard, John 

Carroll, Patrick 

Carver. Edward W 

A *Coburn, William II A 

A Conant, Shumway . . . .' \ 

A Concklin, Charles W \ 

A **Concklin. James II \ 

\ Conrick, J. ( tecar A 

A ( lornell, Peleg \ 

A Dalton, William \ 

A Day, William W D 

A I (euel, Ji iseph I! Hand 

A I teuel, Mortimer \ 

A I )e\ one, William J \ 

\ I >e\\ ing, < Irlando \ 

A Dewing, Walter Edwin \ 

A Dopp. ( leorge C \ 

C Eati tn, Ji i eph S. J \ 

A Eckerson, Sherrod \ 

A Ewing, Albert O \ 

A Foster. Elon G \ 

A tin, William M \ 



Fowler, George W A 

*Frost, Francis M \ 

German, William H \ 

Goff, James M., Adjutant. 

*Griffin, DeWitt \ 

Hall, Robert \ 

Halverson, George F A 

Hare, Levi A 

Harkness, Robert, Major. 
Harrington, Flavius J., ist Lieut. A 

Harrington, Woodbury A 

Hay, Washington T \ 

Heaton, Abram A 

**Hein, Peter \ 

Hitclicock. Amos Hunn A 

Holland, George H A 

Hooper, Jamin H A 

**Hunt, George W A 

* Johns, Freeman A 

*Johnson, Henry O., major. 

Jokich, Frank A 

Kline. I )avid A 

Lee, Elon N A 

*Lee, Luther V 

**Long, John H \ 

Lord, Andrew H V 

Luce. Robert M \ 

*Mc( 'aim, John \ 

! *Manning, Frank E \ 

Matteson, 1 )avid \ 

Vlatteson, William \ 

Moffatt, Willis B \ 

Montague, Harrison M A 

Morrison, Thomas H A 

Mulville, Martin A 

Nicholai, Theodore A 

Xorcross, Levi W A 

Odell, Fernando \ 

Parsons, Elisha Y A 

Peny, Coryclon M A 

Pilling, Richard \ 

*Rector, Hugh A A 

Red ford, William \ 

Ripley, James B \ 

Sayles, William B A 

Scott, Marion L A 

Shaver, Martin V A 

Sheldon, Josiah A 

Smith. Fred V A 

**Snell, Charles \ 

*Snell, James K V 

Spurr, George A 

Sterling. Franklin \ 

Stewart. William J \ 

Thanet, John M \ 

*Tyler, Joseph A 

Vail, Franklin A 

Wadkins, William H. C A 

Williams. MSlo K \ 

*Wilson, James S A 

Wood, Robert B \ 

Wood, Walter \ 

Woodward, Benjamin 1" D 

Woodward, John D 

i I I \ i:\rn [NFANTRY. 

* Bowman, Ransom \ Cox, Charles A H 

Boyce, Hilton W., \.sst Surgeon. *Fryer, Henry C 

Bryant, I [orace F < iillingham, William D 

Bryant, I [orace I ) 

D I [odeen, Curtis 7. G 



Huntley, Frank A C 

Huntley, Selden C 

Lyman, Richard B D 

Meracle, Alonzo C 

Semple, Charles C 

Sergeant, David P I 

Sewright, John, 1 >t Lieut C 

Smith, lames H II 

Tessin, John C 

Warren. Addison H 

Widner, Martin D 

W ill..r. Thilander C 


Barnes, William H. Harrison, Band. 
Dove, James, Band. 

Doyle, Thomas K 

**Foster, Benjamin F I 

Gagnon, Louis K 

Gaylord, Josiah Wilson, Band 

Hogle, George J D 

Jackson, James A H 

Jillson, Orrin C, Prin. Musician. 
Latham, Edward M., Band. 

Morehouse, U)ram, Hand. 
< )gden, Stansherry, Band. 

Ottman, George F C 

Parker, Levi M C 

I 'otter, Monroe, Band. 
Potter, Paraclete, Band. 
Robbins, Edwin R.. Band. 
Shaver, I [enry ].. Band. 

Stroud, Alfred C 

Taylor, fames I ' \ 


Allen, Levi E C 

Bahcock. Hosea I 

Babcock. James I 

Bacher, Philip C 

Bailey, Harrison C 

Barber, John C II 

Bardwell, Henry G., ist Lieut.. C 

Barney, James P II 

Bauer, Jacob C 

Beckwith, (ieorge Henry, Capt. 1 1 

Bell, William R C 

Berrie, John. Principal Musician. 

Bidwell, George C 

Bigelow, Francis A I 

Bogardus, Wesley C 

Bollinger, Daniel C 


Bottrell. Richard I 

Bo ■ e, Lorenzo D. F C 

Boyce, Volney J C 

er, < "harles C 

Boyington, I hester II 

Brandt. Eugene II 

Brewer. « !< i >rge I 

n, William I ' ' 

*Bulli « i i ederick II 

k, Charles H K 

Burdick, Edgai K 

Burkhart, < Christopher ... I 

: Burton, I farlow C 

Burton, William S C 

Bush, David H C 

Bush, Henrv C 



*Bush, Peter C 

Bush, William H C 

*Cameron, George H. Captain . . I 

Carroll, Henry I 

Casper, George M C 

Castle, Alonzo L H 

Chatfield, David B I 

*Clark, Albert S C 

Clark, Oscar F C 

Clark, Walter S C 

*Clark, William M C 

Clarke, Oliver P K 

*Clemons, Harvey I 

Cline, Christian C 

Codding, George B E 

Cole, Frank C 

Colton, Harvey T 1 

Conable, Henry H C 

Cone, Melville C 

Cone, Wilbur C 

Conner, John I 

Cook, Joseph I 

Cook, William J H 

Corey, Barnabas M C 

*Corey, Charles H C 

Corning, Andrew C 

Coxshall, William I 

*Crandall, John B K 

Crevelin. Charles C 

Crofts, Hobart B C 

Cron, Christian C 

*Dane, David I 

1 )ane, William I 

1 >avis, James W I 

Deignan, Charles I 

I )cmpsey, Andrew I 

I lennis, William C 

-Dibble Virgil M I 

I >obie. b'lin C 1 1 

Dockstader, Jerome G K 

Dockstader, Willard K 

Doolittle, Orla W C 

Dougall, Thomas H C 

Draper, Napoleon B K 

Duncan, Solomon I 

Dunn, David D C 

Dunn, Robert S C 

Dunn, William B C 

Eckerson, Willis D C 

Edwards, David I 

Elliott. Ozias H 

Ellis. Charles H 

Emerson, Benjamin H 

Emerson, George W H 

*Finch, Lorenzo D I 

Fish, John T., Captain C 

Flansburg, Isaac C 

Foote, Franklin I 

Forrester, Robert C 

Foster, Edwin I 

Foster, Leander J I 

Fountain, Frederick I 

Freer, Charles E 

Garbutt, Joseph I 

Garrity, John I 

Gates. Boukritz I 

Gilbert, Louis A 1 

Gile, George Franklin C 

Gillard. Seth K 

Gilson, John W H 

Glover, Robert, ist Lieut H 

Gould, Leander I 

Graham, Charles C, ist Lieut.. H 

Green, Dewitt C K 

Green, Jerome C 

( rreen, Theodore T K 

i iroesbeck, Elias II C 

Gunderson. Harvey H 



Hale, Layton L C 

Hall, William H H 

*Halverson, John B 

*Hamilton, George I 

*Hanson, Halver H 

Hare, Ambrose 1 

Hare, Caleb E H 

Hare, Charles 1 

Hare. William I 

Hayden, Lucien II C 

Hayes, George C 

Hegert, John C C 

Henry, William J I 

Herzog, Henry 11 

Hodgson, Calvin W C 

Hodgson, George H • C 

Hodgson, John S C 

Hodgson, William P C 

Hollis, John H 

Hollis, Myron 11 

Hollister, Bradford N C 

Hollister, Hiram A C 

Hollister. Uriah Schutt, Captain. K 

Holt, Henry C 

Horton, Elisha G., Asst. Surgeon. 

Hotchkiss, David C 

Hotchkiss, Jared 1 

Hotelling. Joseph I 

Hyde, Newton C 

Jacobson, Ole II 

Janes. Alonzo I 

Janes, William I 

*Johnson, William \ 

*Johnson. William W C 

*Kammerer, William Adam .... C 

Kingman, Isaac W I 

Kingman. Newton II., Captain.. I 

*Kingman, Thomas R I 

*Kirby, William II C 

*Kittelsi hi. Jesse II 

Knaub, William C 

Knilans, James K I 

Knilans. William A.. Captain. . . . G 

Knox, Henry 11., ist Lieut I 

Knudsi 'ii. Erie, Band. 

Kroll, Anson C 

Kuemmel, Augustus II., Colonel. 

Labuwi, Matthias C 

Lain, David S C 

Lamoreaux, Daniel K.. 1st Lieut. C 

Landon, John S C 

Lark in. Sylvanus O II 

Larson, Andrew, Band. 

I ,asher, ( rarrett II 

Lasher, Leonard \ 

Lathrop, Thomas B I 

Lauderdale, Julius H.. Captain.. I 

Lee, Andrew B II 

Levalley, Benjamin F C 

Levalley, ( harles H C 

♦Levalley, John S C 

Levalley, Lafayette C 

Little. Ira \ 

Loomer, Charles E I 

Loomer, Wallace E I 

Loucks, William, 2d Lieutenant. C 

Lowell, Jerome C 

Lownsbury, Albert W.. Sergt. M 

Met '.inn' m, I [ugh C 

*Mc( 'art. Andrew C 

Mel larthy, Mountford I II 

McDonald, I >avid 1 

Met !ee, John II 

\l<-< rtnnis, I '.'ii ick I 

♦Manning, Gilbert H 

Markle, Charles I 

Markle, Jesse B C 

Markle, William T I 



Marlette, Giles F 

Mason, Addis E I 

Maxon, Elisha K 

Maynard, Hiram W I 

Meicel, Frederick E 

♦Mereness, Jacob B C 

Mereness, Luther J C 

Merrill, Harvey C 

Merrill, Martin L C 

Merrill, William C 

Millen, William H 

♦Miller, John I 

*Miller, John R I 

Miller, Peter I 

Miner, Rosell C 

Morgan, James C 

Morris, Azel Bird I 

Moulton, Henry N C 

Murdock, Alexander I 

Myers, Oliver T C 

Nelson, Oliver H 

Nelson, Simon H 

♦Niblick. John I 

Niles, Jabez S C 

Norcross, Alanson K 

♦Norcross, Frederick F K 

Norcross, Pliny, Captain K 

Norton, William I 

Noyes, Charles S., Major. 

O'Brien, Michael .' T 

O'Brien, Patrick C 

Olds, William I 

Olson, Martin H 

Olson, Ole ist H 

Olson, Ole 2d H 

♦Osmundson, Ole H 

Ostrom, Oscar H C 

Owen, William E C 

Parish, Benjamin I 

Parks, Henry H C 

Parks, William D. L. F C 

Parsons, William H 

♦Patterson, Josiah H 

Patton, James A C 

Perkins, Daniel E H 

Peterson, Kittel H 

Phelps, David C 

♦Pilcher, Thomas I 

Pixley, Sardis C 

Pixley, Wilbur R C 

Powers, George W C 

Pramer, David C 

Pratt, Edgar J., Captain H 

Pratt, Joel A H 

Pratt, Joseph L., Captain H 

Quant, William H I 

Rae. William I 

Ramberg. Paul H 

Rankin, George H H 

Rami, Lallemand H H 

*Rice, Seymour 2d C 

Robinson, James H 

Rodewalt, John H C 

*Rolof, William H 

*Rosser, Ernst I 

Russell. Thomas O.. O. M. Sergt. 

♦Salisbury, Samuel I 

Sanders. Samuel C C 

Savage, James — 

Schermerhorn, Lawrence C 

Sewell, George E I 

Sherburne, Ceorge A K 

Sherman. John W C 

Sherman, Silas T H 

Slocum, James, Rand. 

Smith, Byron G K 



Smith, John I 

Smith, John C C 

Smith, Robert H 

Smith, Robert W I 

Solverson, John C H 

Stark, Lorenzo H I 

Steele, George W K 

Stewart. Archibald H K 

Stoner, John I 

Storey, Columbus C 

Storey, Elliott C 

Stupfell. Charles H C 

Sweet, Jacob D 

Sweet, Marion D D 

Tallmadge. Asa C 

Taylor, Luke I 

Thompson, Albert C 

Totten, Lyman C 

Townsend, Nicholas I 

Townsend. Paul H I 

Tremper. John M I 

Van Buren, Sylvester H C 

Van De Bog-art, Isaac 1 

Van I >e Bogart, Napoleon I 

\\ aters, James I 

WClih, Melvin M.. Band. 

Webster, lames X K 

Weed. Myron W II 

Weed. Nathaniel Jr 11 

Weicher, Nicholas H 

Welch. Daniel I 

Welch, John II C 

Welch, William II I 

Welton. Charles W H 

Welton. Laban C H 

West, Ralph I 

Weston, Allien 11 K 

Whitmore, Elias D 

Wicke, John F. W C 

Wilc<>\, Florence F C 

WVilkins, Alden I 

Wilson, Charles A C 

Winegar, Alfred I C 

Winne, James 1 

Young, Israel W B 


Bender, Matthew W K 

Bradburv. Charles II 

I liiit'm.m. Robert O K 

Stockdale. Elisha I 


Abby, Byron D 

Anderson. Lars ( ■ 

Andreassen, Olaf I 

Barr, Jabez D 

Bjornsen, Nils I 

Gillard, Charles A D 

Hanson, Ole K 

Johnson, John I) 

Nelson, Rasmus K 

I 'ederson, Anders H 

en K 

Rice, Uberl E K 

Sorenson. 1 fans C 




Barhydt, Lewis H B 

Barhydt. Ransom B 

Comstock, Peter D D 

*Dart, Charles B 

Fox, George H., Captain B 

Fox, Randolph A B 

Hollenbeck, Aaron B 

Hollenbeck, George D B 

Hoye, John B 

Kavanaugh, Dennis F 

Mann. Leonard G 

Reynolds, Joseph F 

Riley, Patrick F 

Tullar, Sidney B., ist Lieut B 

Wood. Edgar A H 


Browning. Joseph F 

Daly, James A 

Delany, Frank F 

Delany, Patrick F 

Delany, Thomas F 

Dougherty, James B 

Dwyer, William F 

**Griffin, John F 

Keenan, John ist F 

Keenan, John 2d F 

Kelley, Peter F 

McBride, John F 

**McCormick, Patrick F 

Murphy, Patrick B 

Purcell, Martin F 

Roach, John F 

Ryan, John F 

Scanlon, Timothy F 

Shelley, George F 

Stokes, Cornelius F 

Sullivan, Patrick F 

Tark, John D 

Taylor, Thomas H I 

Tesch, Friederich F 

Walsh, James F 

Walsh, Thomas F 

Whalen, Tohn F F 

Bi'iggs. George II.. Assl Surgeon. Hill, Zelotes 



Baltus, Joseph F 

Chase, Philo \V., Asst. Surgeon. 
I 'evi ndorf, I >aniel B., Surgeon. 

Edwards, 1 >a\ id E 

I [ageman, Friedrich F 

Kingsburj , Theodore A., Hosp. Stew 

Nelson, Peter A B 

Sheldon. Kirk W A 

Steeps, Friedrich F 




Burt. Roswell . . D 

*Butts, Charles W D 

Clark, Daniel D 

**Corliss, Jonathan D 

Cox, William D 

Drake, Charles H D 

*Delano, Edgar C D 

Delany, Thomas D 

Doane, Sanford D 

Ellis, Edgar E., 1st Lieut D 

Farnsworth, William H., 2d Lt. D 

Gardner, Eugene F D 

Gillette, Almerin, Captain D 

Grimes, Terence D 

Holland, Cornelius O D 

Huntress, Samuel D D 

Jennings, Whitney G D 

Ketchpaw, Alurillo W D 

King, George W D 

Knowlton, Freeman T D 

McKaig, Emmett D 

Madden, James H D 

Mountain, David D 

O'Connor, Peter J D 

Parr, Thaddeus G 

Phelps, George H D 

Read, Charles G D 

** Remington, Henry S D 

Rockwell, James L D 

*Romain, John B D 

Safford, Peter D 

Stephens, J. Dwight D 

Taylor, Ralph W D 

Wood, Henry C D 


Adams, William D 

*Aikin, James P C 

* \ikin. Theron C 

Albro, Henry D 

*Allen, Darius T C 

Allen, Dwight S C 

Anderson, Edward B 

* Avery, Thomas D 

Ayers, Benjamin F D 

*Ayres, Winfield S D 

Bailey, James B 

Bailey, John C 

Baker, Francis E B 

Balcortl, William R C 

Barlow, William W D 

Barr. Robert C 

Beach. George W D 

Becker, Marcus D 

Belding, George T., Com. Sergt. 

Bellows, Leonard H D 

Blanchard. Caleb S., Asst. Surgeon. 

Blanchanl. Charles C D 

Blanchard, E. Darwin D 

Blodgett, William D 

Bond. Alfred B 

I >i K 'die. David C 

I'.' mm, Zadock II D 

Braliaxon, William D 

Briggs, James C D 

Briggs, Joseph D 

Bright, U illiam H C 

Brown, ' ieorge If., Captain.... B 

Buell, I 1 1 . 1 1 les E., 1st Lieut C 

Buhre, < harles E C 



I Sullen, Robert C 

Burbank, Jerome, Asst. Surgeon. 

Burdick. Albert D D 

Burdick, John M D 

Burdick, William D D 

Burk, Andrew C 

**Burns, Michael C 

Button, Ezra W C 

Cansdell, Henry, Surgeon. 

Carey, Julian M C 

Carey, Peter C 

Chapin, Monroe C 

Chapman, Menzo W D 

Chittenden, Albert C 

Church, Mattoon A C 

Clark, Charles A C 

HI ark, George E D 

Clark, John W C 

( ioburn, George, Jr D 

Coburn, John C D 

Cone, Ela C 

Cone, John J., Principal Musician. 

Cone, Sylvester C 

**Congdon, John R D 

Conklin. John \ 'D 

Conrick, J. Oscar, Adjutant. 

*Cornue, Albert C 

( < mil, Thomas B 

Crandall, Charles W D 

1 rane, Fernando C 

1 ullen, Martin B 

Cunningham, Levi G D 

Cutler. Daniel T D 

Cutler, Riley II D 

Dame, James F 11 

I (arrow, Silas H C 

I )avey, Joseph ( 

I ).i\ idson, Thomas I D 

1 (avis, Edw in F D 

Davis, Harrison D 

Davis, Henry S D 

Dayton, John S C 

Delap, Wesley D 

*Deming, William H C 

Densmore, Chauncey C 

*Dix, John P C 

Dockstater, Albert D D 

Dudley, Charles E., 1st Lieut. . . . D 

Easton, Chauncey O D 

Eddy, Harvey C C 

Edwards, Evan D 

Edwards, John K D 

*Ellis, Calvin G C 

Fay, John B 

**Fellows, Amos C C 

*Fellows, Elnathan C 

Ficht, John George D 

Fleming, James B 

Foster, James M D 

**Fuhr, Wendel D 

Gage, Chauncey D D 

Gibson, William L C 

Gleason, Edward C 

Gleason, William Erskine C 

Goodwin, Almon . " C 

( ioodw in. Edwin D 

( rray, Elihu W C 

( Gregory, Myron L D 

♦Griffin, James D 

( rroshong, William D 

Hale, Joel C 

Hall. Henry D 

♦Hall, Willard M D 

I [and, Lacon 1 C 

1 [arrison, Orville N C 

Hart. Edwin R C 

I [enry, William C 

1 feuston, Reniamin C 



I lines, John D 

Hodgkins, Warren C 

Hodgkinson, Joseph D 

Holcomb, James J C 

Howe, Andrew J C 

Howe, Myron W C 

Hudson. Clark L C 

Hunt, Henry C D 

Hunt, Walter G D 

Hyde. Legrand D C 

* Ingham, Hamilton C 

**Jacobs, George D 

Johnson, David B C 

Johnson, Harrison R D 

Johnson, ( )rson D D 

Jones, David R D 

Jones, Evan D 

Jones, William D 

Kathan, Faylander D 

'*Kavanaugh, Thomas D 

Kay, Edwin C 

Kellam, Alphonso G Major 

Kenney. Stephen D 

Kingman. Isaac W., 1st Lieut.. C 

Knapp. William D 

Knilans, George D 

Knowles, Stephen, 2d Lieut.... C 

Kober, Herman B 

Leach, Lyman W C 

Lewis, Henry \V C 

Lewis, John J I 

Lobdell, Marion C I 

Lytic Henry C 

McArthur, James D D 

McDonald. John D 

McDonell. John C C 

McLain, John D 

*McMillen, Robert G C 

Marcy, Lucius S D 

May. Darwin R., Capt C 

Menzie, Charles H D 

Merriam, Frank C 

Merriam, Noah C 

.Millard, Maxon P C 

Moorfield, Thomas C 

: Morgan. Benjamin F C 

Morin, James C 

* : Morrison, Thomas D 

MJ isher, Lorenzo D D 

Mnsher, Thomas D 

Nelson, Sumner B 

Noyes, Harvey J C 

( )sborne, Hazard D 

Osborne, John D 

( >wen, James C 

( hven, Wartroop S D 

*Parker, Henry D 

Peck. Phineas Page D 

Perry, J. Lyman D 

Perry, William Norman D 

*Pierce, Franklin S C 

Pierce, Theodore S C 

Pope. Alexander B 

I 'ope, Benjamin B 

Powell, Jonathan C 

I'unlv, George F D 

Purdy, Henry D 

Read. Rollin C 

Redford, Robert C 

Rewey, Fayette D 

Rewey, Philander D 

Robbins, Henry C 

Robillard, John C 

Robinson, We^t I ' 

Rockwell. Frank M C 

Rogers, \<lell>ert D. L C 



Rogers. John D C 

*Rogers, Joshua F C 

Rollins, John J D 

Rollow, Lewis C 

Ross, Clarkson N C 

*Ross, Martin F C 

*Rouse, Anthony D C 

: < Rowley. John D D 

Rowley. Silas R D 

*Russell. Robert D 

*Rust, John F C 

Rutenber, Augustus C 

Sanborn, Herbert J C 

Saulsbury, Robert S D 

Scoville, Charles W C 

Scrafford. James B D 

Scrafford. Marshall D 

Scrantpn, William Clark D 

Seymour, Benjamin C 

Shimmins, Richard I 

Shoemaker, Martin D 

Siperly, John R D 

- 'erly. Reuben D 

Slocum, John R D 

- th. Alexander T C 

Smith. Charles \Y., Major 

E th. Cornelius C 

5 ith, George J C 

Smith, James C 

- th. Julius P D 

Sm 'V. . Benjamin F C 

■or. Wallace C 

5l tford, David L C 

ens. Martin E C 

Stewart, Arthur D 

51 >rk, John M C 

Mbert E D 

eter, Theron E C 

Sullivan. Dan D 

Sullivan, John D 

Taylor, Orsamus J C 

Thomas, Herbert H D 

Thompson, William C 

Tinker. William H D 

Tome. Peter C 

Topping. John M D 

Traver, Ralph W B 

Underwood, William P B 

Van Brunt, Henry C 

Van Wie, John C 

Veley, Alonzo D 

Yeley, George W D 

Yoorhees. George L D 

Yoorhees. Jasper C D 

*Wachter, Jacob B 

Wait. Porter C 

Walsh, Thomas B 

:: \\ alton, John C C 

Walworth, Jasper B D 

Watkins, Charles C 

Webster. Robert G C 

Weeks. John A C 

W'eishar. Jacob D 

WVeisskopf. Peter D 

Wells. A. Chandler C 

W eter. James P C 

Wheeler. George D 

WYhilden. Robert D 

White. Charles B C 

White, James H C 

Williams. James R D 

Williams, Richard M., 2d Lieut. D 

Wilson. John Melvin C 

W ood, George W D 

"Wood. Henry D 

Wr . njamin F C 



Fulcomer. Henry K * Smith. Charles 

Sergeant, David P D 


* Cheney, Edmund W A Lynch. Bernard G 

Fahey, Michael H Wheeler. Tared P Surgeon 


Jones, Lorenzo F Rose. William W C 

Kane. Benjamin E 


Awe. Fritz C Kraemer. Johann N C 


Brown. Edward I Hanson. John H 

Doyle. James B A Xelson. Eric H 

Falk. Ole Xelson, 1st Lieut H Peterson. Ole H 


Adams, Hezekiah I Bigelow. Horace E 

■Allen. Fayette L I Billings. Levi J.. Capt K 

* Ambler, William K Bingham. William E., 1st Lieut. E 

♦Amundsen, Bernard D Blomily. John E 

Arwood, Andrew W E Bloodgood, Hiram S E 

Bacon, Robert A E Bloodgood, Lewis E E 

Baker. John W I Bolser, Mahlon X E 

Baldwin, James A D Bonnet, Charles D 

Barnes, Henry D I Bortle. Samuel E 

Becker. Bernard I Bortle. Winslow E 

Bell. Samuel I Bowman. William H T 

Bentley. Samuel A Braasch. Ferdinand K 

Bigelow, Amos E Brabazon, John E 



I '.rash, John I 

Brewin, John E 

Briggs, William J., ist Lieut. . . K 

Brigham, Truman E A 

Bristol, Robert W I 

Brooks, Charles E E 

*Burdick, George J K 

Burr, Ralph E I 

Buttles, Daniel W I 

Carl, Frank I 

Carl, John I 

Carpenter, Lewis D 

Carver, Thomas Corvvin B 

Castledine, William K 

Catlin, John E 

t award, James J K 

Chamberlain, Chauncey E 

( hasc. William I 

( 'hene\ , Robert , A 

: ( la])p, Eli I 

Clawson, Garrett K 

Clement, Garrett D 

( lenient. Samuel D 

Conant. < iordon K 

I oncklin, Stephen J I 

Conrv, Thomas K 

Corkitt, George D 

• 1 11 kins, Patrick K 

Cornell, Silas K 

i i miter, James W I 

< lowing, < leorge 1*'.. ( 'apt K 

I i i\\ Its. \^a Saxton 1 

< !ox, ( lharles E 

Cox, I [enry A D 

Crandall, 1 torace B., Capt 1 

< !riger, < ieorge P D 

1 lancej . Thomas D 

Daniels, Ubert I 

I hull, Edward 1> 

Dawley, William J D 

*DeGroat, George D 

Deilman, Peter D 

DePuy, Edwin M K 

Deuel, Edwin M I 

Dingman, Charles A K 

Donohue, Michael I 

*Dort, Amos D 

Douglas, Oscar W D 

Duwling, William D D 

Durant, William A 

Dutton, Henry O E 

Early, John D 

Edwards, Daniel I 

Edwards, Hiram D 

Eggleston, Frank I 

Farrar, George H I 

Faust, Franz D 

*Feder, Wilhelm E 

*Feiss, Benedict D 

Fero, Silas K 

Ferry, Charles I 

*Fichler, Augustus I 

Firth, Robert D 

Fitzsimmons, Patrick E 

Footc. Addison O I 

Fox, Charles L I 

* Frank, Hiram P I 

*Gaskell, John I 

Gaylord, John D K 

*( rleason, Burnham 1 

< ileason, Josiah I 

( Joodrich, 1 )avid N D 

"Gould, Alvin K 

( bant. John D 

I rrass, Nicholas T 

Gray. Edmund I'. . ( 'olonel. 

Groenwald, Johannes K 

Groth, John F K 



Guest, John I 

Haage, Frederick D 

Haight, Hyland B E 

Hamilton, William — 

*Hare, Jesse D 

Harrison, John W D 

Hartwell, Smith A., 2d Lieut. ... I 

Hassold, Lewis K 

Hawes, Lewis K., Asst. Surgeon. 

Hay, Sylvanus Devillo E 

Hayes, Hiram N., 1st Lieut D 

Hays, Alonzo D 

Heath. Amos K 

Heath, Charles H E 

Hebbard, Asa W., 2d Lieut E 

Heiden, Henry A 

"Henderson, Donald D 

I lendrickson, Clesson A D 

*Hibbard, Henry H I 

Hicks, Jackson V I 

Hills, Edwin T K 

"Hills, George D 

Hitchcock, Leonard S K 

Hix, Henry D 

*Hodge, James A D 

Hodges, John I 

Holmes. Charles D 

I [olmes, David M I 

1 1' Jton, John I 

Hubbard, Alva B I 

Hudson, Charles D 

I Iuntley, Isaac Newton E 

I I yde. George K 

Jackson, James E 

Jones, Francis K 

Keenan, Patrick D 

Kenyon, James R., Capt I 

Kenyon, Ralph C E 

Kershaw, Job I > 

King, Farrell 1 

Kinney, Francis D 

Knowlton, Francis P E 

Kober, Charles I 

Kuhn. Charles D 

Kynaston, John D 

Langen, John I 

Langstaff, James E 

Larkin, Michael D 

Lasher, John H D 

Lingeman, Henry D 

Loomer, William E E 

Lyman, Edwin C E 

McKenney, Jeremiah I 

McManus, John A 

Magill, Jerome B., Adjutant. 

Maher, Michael I 

Martel, Joseph E 

Matheson, Donald I 

Matheson. John I 

Mayhew, William H 1 

Maynard, William D 

Mead, James M., 2d Lieut D 

*Means, John E 

Miles, John D 

*Miller, Isaac D 

Miner, Nathan N \ 

Moore, Michael E 

.Morton, Ira P., Capt K 

Mountain, John I 

Mount ford, Aaron I ) 

*Murray, James I 

Newcomb, Joseph J E 

Nelson, Peter D 

Nickerson, Gilbert E D 

*Nims, 1 >ew itt I 

Noblet, Joseph, Jr r 

Noblet, Peter I 

Noblet, Valentine 1 



Norcross, Edwin R E 

Norton, Bernard I 

*Nott, William H I 

O'Brien, Michael I 

**0'Brien, Patrick I 

O'Brien, William I 

Olsen, Gilbert D 

♦O'Reagan, William I 

Organ, John, Jr I 

Ostermeier. Michael D 

Parker, John A K 

Park-. Milton B I 

Patterson, Albert I 

*Peake, Gilbert I 

: I 'irk, John T K 

Peck, William W \ 

Phelps, Anson D E 

*Phelps, Arthur K 

Phoenix, James R A 

Phoenix, John W A 

Pierce, ( 'harles Z D 

Poland, Arthur I 

Pollock, Thomas I 

Potter. Alfred C I 

Pratt, George W E 

l\ainH'\ . Fayette S I 

Redington, Edward S., Capt. ... D 

Redmond, John A 

Reed. Hiram H K 

Reinhart, Albert D 

*Robbins, Charles E D 

♦Robinson, John B E 

Rockwell, Charles W D 

Rockwell, John B E 

Rodgers, John W D 

Rusch, I Icnry D 

Sanford, 1 >aniel K E 

Sat ight, Andrew D 

Schein. ( '<mrad I 

Scholl, Charles D 

Scholl. Christopher D 

Schroble, Charles W D 

Schrom, James B., ist Lieut. . . D 

Schulz, John D 

Seymour. Alex. T., ist Lieut. ... I 

**Shabino, Joseph A 

"Short, George W I 

Short, James I 

Shubert, Harvey I 

*Simpson, Charles H D 

♦Smith, Delos C I 

Smith, George ist — 

Smith, George D 

*Smith, Lyman D E 

Smith, Lyndsey J., Capt I 

Smith. Oscar D 

Snider. John E 

Snow, Eli H E 

Spencer, Lorenzo D K 

Spoor, Charles I 

♦Sterling, James H I 

Stewart, John A E 

Storms, Charles I 

Stnmg. Solomon I D 

Stuit, Charles I 

♦Sullivan, Jeremiah 1 

Sullivan, Michael E 

Summers, Stephen E 

Smth. .Matthias D 

Sutcliffe, Sam I 

Sutherland, Morris S K 

Taylor, Charles H 1 

Taylor, lames D 

Taylor, James B E 

Teller, Johann D 

l hi imas, Francis I 

I hi imas, Jacob D 

Thwing, Emery Z E 



Tiffany, Alfred W . . I 

Timlin, Patrick D 

Tolifson, Bringel E 

Trautman, George D 

Troy, Edward D 

Tucker, George D 

Tuller, Chesley B.. 2d Lieut. . . . B 

Utley, Cyrus I 

Vanderpool, Aaron L I 

Vaughn, Alonzo I 

Vaughn, Henry Clay I 

*Vaughn. John I 

**Yellam. Andrew E 

:| AYalker. Jacob D 

Ware. Charles A D 

Waters, Isaac I 

Watts. Henry H. 1st Lieut. . . . D 

Webster. Albert J C 

*Webster, Henry C F 

Webster, Wheeler B E 

Weeks, Clark O I 

**Weeks, Spencer J I 

Weiss, Joseph D 

*Welch, Hiram J E 

Wells, Edward I 

West, Dennis I 

Wheelock, Norman D 

*\\Tiite, Seymour I 

*Whitton, John I 

Wilber, David C E 

Wilkins, Horace T E 

Wilkinson, Horatio N D 

Wilkinson, Joseph E 

nVilliord, Hardy E 

Williams, Emery D I 

Williams, Harry — 

Wilson, John H 

Winslow, George M D 

Woodward, William H T 

Wray, Thomas . . . .' D 

Wright, Benjamin F K 

Wright, Duncan I 

Wylie, George W., Quartermaster. 

Yeomans, Cyrus D 

Young, Menzo K 

*Zeeter, Frank K 


Bowen, Edward H. 


Vlkins. Henry Breckinridge . . . K Bruce, Robert C 

Adkins, William K Eastwood, Reuben K 


Hanchett, Charles C. C ( ! 


Comstock, Peter D A Uhflettig, Caspar C 




Coney, Henry — 

Dilley, Oscar H G 

*Lyon, Samuel E F 

Xickerson, Charles W E 


Hoeger, Louis 

G Shavor, Edward P A 


Beilby, James D 

Brainerd, Sardis D 

*Brown, Millard F H 

*Carley, George R H 

*Chappell. John D 

Corhin, Alfred G 

*Cronin. Timothy D 

*Diven, John H 

Huntley, Delos W H 

* Jones, San ford F 

I iddle, George E 

*Liddle, Thomas E 

Liddle, William E 

McCarty, Charles G 

McDonald, Michael — 

Markham, Alfred P H 

*Nicolai, Henry F 

Owen, Ole G 

Parker. Luther E 

Ray. Henry E.. First Lieut I 

Stevens, Martin E., Second Lieut. G 

Sturtevant, Edwin, Capt A 

Taylor, Richard F E 

Thompson, Frank A 

*Thompson. Ole G 

Wall, Walter I 


*Balcom, Russell M C 

Blakesley, Forrest — 

< ihase, Albert O H 

**Cleaves, Corydon L C 

< one, I [enry C 

*Dayton, William W C 

I n wr\ . Frederick A 

Dibol, Daniel II \ 

Flint, Perry G \ 

< ierman, Zenas Crane A 

Griffin, Charles E., Capt A 

I [and, < reorsre C A 

Hart. Walter O \ 

Haskell. Martin A 

♦Hudson, Harvey W C 

Kelsey. William E 

Locke. William E 

Long, Edward J A 

Lucky, William \ 

I .nun, James T A 

Mead, Ezekiel A 

Miller. Alanson, Hospital Steward.. 

*Miller, Clarkson. Surgeon 

Palmer, Ralph I H 



*Peck, Truman G 

*Pultz. Abraham B 

Putnam, Levi A 

Reagles, Ezra A 

Shabino, Antoine E 

*Stagg, Charles N E 

*Stevens, John E C 

**Upright, William A 

Van Nest, Peter S., Chaplain 

Virgin. Charles \V A 

Wandell, Henry G 

Weber, Albert C G 

\\ halen, Daniel D 

Whipple, George W G 

Willsey, John J C 

: Wilson, George E 

Wright, Charles H D 


Aldrich, Samuel K A 

Allen, Thomas J A 

Artie, Courtland J A 

Babcock, Charles R G 

Baldwin, Francis A G 

Barnard, Francis D A 

Barron, George G 

Briggs, Thomas A 

Carman, Henry H 

Carney. John A 

Carney, Xelson H A 

Case, Charles — 

Clark. Joseph E G 

Cline, George A 

**Cline, George, Jr F 

Coyne, Thomas — 

Cross, George L I 

•^Cruver, John M G 

Davis, Charles — 

*Duley, John \V B 

Dunn, Payson F 

Everly, John — 

' Gardner, Eugene C 

' rleason, Michael. Jr B 

1 [arrison, John L C 

I [erber, Ferdinand A 


Hodgson, Albert F 

Hodgson, George \Y F 

*Hunt, Oliver H A 

Hutchinson, Albert W A 

Hutchinson, Robert A 

Jones, San ford, First Lieut. ... A 

Lynch, Patrick E 

Lyon, Edgar I 

Mfclntyre, John G 

M. Mullen, John D 

Miller, Jacob F 

Moore, George L — 

Moore, William H A 

Morehouse, Robert D 

Mulheron, Peter E 

*Neff. Charles J G 

Norton, Edward T H 

Odell, John A A 

**Peck, Carroll M H 

Peterson, Peter \ 

I 'owers, Clarence L G 

*Reiner, Johannes A 

Rosenkrantz, Anson C \ 

Roundy, Daniel ( '.., Surgeon 

Roundy, Porter \\\. Hosp. Steward 

Rowe, Georgi \ H 




Sargent, Edward N I 

Sew ard, Joel E 

*Sprague, Henry R G 

Thon, Jacob I 

Tapper, Oramel E A 

Weed, Edward Z A 

: \\"ells, William G 

**Wheeler, Benjamin F A 

Whitford, John F C 


Booth, Stephen M E 

Brennan, James F 

Byrum, Carlos C G 

( litirehill, Christopher E 

* '.( mklin, Daniel H 

Cook, William H K 

Duncan, John R F 

Ellis, Henry C F 

Godfrey, John D D 

I [askins, Daniel S K 

Jefferson, James K 

Mooney, Patrick I 

< Hmstead, Ephraim H 

Parkins, John W T K 

* Pells, David .'.... K 

Prouty, Albert S K 

Ryan, .Michael G 

Stevens, Jacob C K 

White, Tohn G 


Bartholomew, William 

Beckw ith, Alanson 

( hamberliri, Everett, Captain . 

Chamberlin, Sidney 

Estabrook, Edwin C 

Cooled, Fritz 

Gunnison, Samuel 

Hollenbeck, John M I 

Howard. Willis B B 

Janes, Mlortimer A 

Mckinney. Jeremiah 

Mitchell, Isaac 

Thayer, Lyman B 

Zinn, William 


Allen. S. Merritt B 

\llton, Andrew I) 

Andrews, Edward I 

Bailey, Willard C F 

l'>al<!\\ in. John F 

Hall, Rufus R C 

Barker, < harles W F 

Beckley, Edwin R . . .' I" 

I lennett, Jay W I 

Bennett, Sanford Fillmore, 2d 

Lieutenant F 

Billings, Henry M F 

Birge, Charles D 

Black, Charles L I 

Blair, Albert B 

Blanchard, Charles C, Hosp. Stew'd. 
Blanchard, Ofrin W.. Surgeon. 
Brennan, William I 



Brett, James Elverton E 

Burdick, Matthew F 

Burt, Roswell F 

Campbell, John F 

Carswell, Orland F 

Case, Adelbert C 

Cheney, Augustus J., Captain. ... F 

Clapper, Frank F 

Clark, Dan W F 

Clark, Daniel F 

Clark, Horace L F 

Clarke, James Dallas F 

Clute, James W F 

Colburn, Mahlon F 

Corey, Barnabas M F 

Cotton, Russell F 

Crandall, Albert F 

Crandall, Paul B F 

Cravath, Pitt D 

Curtis, Hiram H B 

Cutler, Charles W F 

Davis, Levi : F 

Densmore, George F 

Dunham, Ephraim F 

Eaton, Orrin C E 

Elmer, Philander D F 

Faber, Jacob I 

Ferris, Isaac Lewis D 

Field, Alden F 

Fitzgerald, Richard F 

Flanders, Philip W F 

Flint, Myron L F 

Gibbs, Cyrus C C 

♦Gilbert; Charles H., 1st Lieut. . . I' 

Gillson, Erastus I 

Gleason, James I 

Graves, Dennison A D 

T fauna, William S F 

Hatch, Nathan R F 

Hauser, John H.. (apt E 

Hauser, Robert B E 

Hodges, George AV F 

Hodgkinson, Charles J F 

Holden, William J C 

I loll i st it, Harrison I' K 

Hollister, Kinner N., Captain. . . I 

Hull, Clarence E D 

Hutton, John, Jr F 

Hutton, William F 

Hutchins, Fred W T F 

Jeffers, Thompson F 

Jefford, Thomas Jr I 

Jones, William B 

Kaye, Adin F 

Kelsey, Benjamin F 

Kennedy, John F 

Kent, Isaac F 

Kingman, Arthur L K 

Kinne, George F 

Kinney, Horace B F 

Kishner, John Charles F 

Larson, James F 

Lasher, Peter B I 

Latta, William B B 

Lauderdale, James E C 

•Lomas, Joseph F 

Losee, ( rilbert C F 

Met annon, John F 

McCracken, Frank L C 

McDonnell; John F 

McGraw, John W F 

McKinley, John C 

Malloi \ , I [enry Levi F 

.Marriott. 1 1 enry H F 

Merwin, James II F 

.Miner, Rufus If D 

: Moody, David X F 

Moore, William II F 



Morefield, Thomas William F 

Mosher, Jacob R F 

O'Brien, John K 

Ottman, Philip M F 

Palmer, Norman P F 

Phelps, Jonah F 

I'illsburv. Marcus A C 

Potter, Lorenzo F 

Potter, Monroe F 

Randall, Jonathan L F 

Ray, \V. Augustus, Colonel. 

Read, Edward P F 

Reap, Henry I 

Redneld, William H F 

Redford, Farrington F 

Reeder, Stephen F 

Rockwell, Aklis L D 

Rollow, Charles D 

Rolo, Daniel PI F 

Sanborn, William Howard F 

Shader, John E F 

Sheldon, William E B 

Simmons, William H F 

♦Small, Henry J F 

Spooner, Henry Fish, 2d Lieut. . F 

Swinney, Edwin F 

Taintor, Benjamin C F 

Taylor, Luke F 

Taylor, William R C 

Truax, Henry F F 

Trumbull, Russell S F 

Utter, George S D 

Vincent, Oscar F F 

Watson, Van Ness C F 

Weaver, Franklin C F 

Westgate, William R B 

Wheeler, Charles F F 

York, Dennison C 


Adams, Luther II F 

Uexander, George W G 

I laker, H. John B 

Baker, Zerah T G 

Ball, John F 

Benedict, Andrew G F 

I'.t t:.;, I l<vr!.iah 1\ 

I '" >hiK'Y. Archibald F 

Brown, Richard K C 

Bryant, I .cw is N F 

Burke, William B 

(lark. Myron J G 

*Coan. William I 

i olton, Ebenezer F 

Cutler, John II G 

I )aln mple, I [amilton S F 

De I'.iw. William ( i 

Delap, Ira F 

Dunham, James L F 

Durston, Edward W G 

Ferris, William T H 

( iardner, William D. S C 

Goodrich, Harvey C F 

Greenman, Jacob F F 

I [alverson, I lalvcr D 

I I arris. Benjamin F G 

I [arris, James F 

I [enshaw , Charles 11 F 

Hicks. Richard S G 

Hitch, Edward G 

*Hollenbeck, Robert G 

Jackson, Fdson I> B 

Kenyon, Monroe F 

I aw ton, lames 11 G 



Lawton, Samuel G 

Lloyd. John F 

Lyman, Walter C 

McCart, Freeman F 

Morter, George C 

Oleson, Jacob D 

Osborn. William G 

*Parker. Ellis J K 

Parks, Jonathan B F 

Parks, William A F 

Pette, Ambrose F 

Rand. Edmund G 

Remmel. Charles F 

Renshaw. Andrew J D 

Rice, Lafayette M K 

Roach, Thomas G 

Ri muds, George W G 

Sawyer. Adna F 

See, Alexander H 

Smith. Everett H G 

Soule, Robert F 

Starkson, John C 

Sweet. Enoch F 

Thomas, James K 

Tierney, George B 

Watson, John G 

Welch, Leander F 

Welch. Seymour F 

Whitney, Alva L K 

Zelie. Myron G 


Abernethy, Alexander C 

Assenmacher, John D 

As>enmacher, Peter D 

Birkenmeyer, Joseph A 

Brandt, James H C 

Brandt, Samuel C 

Brownell, Horace P A 

Brownell, Otis I 

Collins, Henry F 

Durfuse, George K 

Durfuse. John K 

Eck, Frederick K 

Englerth, Adam K 

Eugene, John B., Quartermaster. 

■ l-'.vre, ( Jeorge M 1 

Fitzgerald, Jonathan C 

Freeman, John H C 

Garvin, Eber N C 

Gillett, Robert A K 

Goodale, Charles J A 

Gregory. Uriah F 

Groner, Michael C 

Harris. Henry F 

*Hatch, Nathan H A 

Hazen, Amos C 

Holcomb, Jeremiah A 

Joslin, Albert F 

Kelli igg, Amos C 

Kellogg, Charles C 

King (or Kling). William C 

Loomis, Benjamin L C 

1 .1 lomis, Joseph C 

Loomis, ( (scar M C 

McKee, Abraham G 

Nau, Jacob G 

: ' Nye, Austin C 

Osborne, Robert I 

( Isborne, Thomas I! A 

( >wen, William T F 

Peer, Miller C 

I' inck, Edward F 

I '< ii iler. Sumner C 



Raftry, Thomas K 

Rasmussen, John A 

Ries, Charles I 

Russell, Thomas O., 2d Lieut.. H 

Satorius, Matthias K 

Seibert. George K 

Shaw, William F — 

Snider. David D C 

Snow, Willis S F 

*Spencer, Archibald I 

Stanton, Leroy A 

*Tenney, Nelson M I 

Thomas, Charles E A 

Trumbull. David D 

Tuohey, John K 

Walsh, Thomas I 

Wentz, Andrew F 

West, James I 

Wilson, John S F 


Abies, Cornelius G Lad, Knud O 

Flitcroft, Lorenzo D D 

Giesme, Ole J — 

Hauf, Simon G 

Kling, William B 

Krouse, John B 

*Lederer, Joseph G 

McGarry, Thomas E 

Miller, Charles Henry G 

Perry, William N., 1st Lieut. . . . F 

Roach, John M E 


Bruestel, Joseph F 

I icwirth, William C 

Ewig, Anton E 

Geile, Gerrit C 

Gessner, George E 

( Iroh, John E 

1 lass, August E 

Herzog, Henry E 

Kunde, Albert E 

Meisner, Frederick F 

Roth, Jacob C 

Schelinski, Martin E 

Wesche, Christian — 

Wirson, Tohn E 


\11dcrson, Augustus E 

Briggs, Joseph F 

P.i ' 'ker, Theodore E 

Burton, Edward E 

( Carpenter, Silas I ) E 

1 up, William C K 

id . Merrill E 

Elvidge, Mark K 

Ericksori, Nelson E 

I lanson, Johannes E 

I feath, Cyrus D E 

I limy, George N E 

I linry. William L E 

1 [inkley. Albert E 



Hotchkiss, Moses E 

Laveson, Lafe E 

Logan, William A E 

Morris, Timothy F 

Nelson, Gilbert E 

O'Brien, Michael E 

Oleson, Lewis E 

Oleson, Ole E 

Parsons, Frederick O E 

Pattee, Gad H E 

Reeves, Julius E 

Snyder, James R E 

Stout, James M E 

Thayer, Ruel E 

Wall, Thomas . . E 

Way, Hiram E 

Wilkinson, George E 

Williams, Albert E 

Yeaman, Wishart E 


Appleyard, Thomas B 

Bath, Irving, Ffosp. Steward. 

Bissell, Charles — 

Brennan, William E 

Broderick, Luke F 

Biitz, Albert E 

Closson, Henry G G 

Coleman, John L B 

Conklin, Charles W., 1st Lieut. . B 

Conlin. Matthew H 

Cooley, Rufus, Jr., Chaplain. 

Copeland, William B 

Coulthard, William B 

Doane, Leland B 

Doane. Sanford B 

Dousman, John P F 

Enright, John B 

Estabrook, Edwin C B 

French, Charles B F 

Gleason, James E 

Hamilton, Edgar C E 

Hamm, John B 

Hammer, Carl B 

Hargrave, Faithful B 

Harrington, Coleman B 

Harrington, George E G 

Hayden, James H 

Heald, William F 

Hoffer, Charles F 

Hotton, James B 

Ingham, Thomas B 

Kampstra, Albert F 

Lombard, Avinzo F 

Lombard, Jefferson G F 

McCarty, Patrick : . . . . F 

McClymont, James B 

McDonald, Lemuel F 

Magill, Alonzo I '. 

Magill, Henry H B 

Marsielje, Isaac F 

Mericle, Abram I I 

.Merrill, James H B 

Mitchell, Edward I'. 

Murphy, William B 

Nelson, < rustav I > 

Noblet, Alexander B 

Noblet, John B 

Noblet, Peter A B 

O'Brien, John B 

O'Hrien, Thomas II 

O'Brien, William E 

Olson, John I ) 



Olson, Martin . ■ D 

Owens, Michael B 

Pearl, Edward S F 

Randall. John J B 

Redmond, John — 

Richmond, Thompson P F 

Ritchie, Patrick B 

Rockwell, Henry — 

Sheridan, Patrick B 

Stillman, James H 

Stradtman, Christian F 

Thayer. Edgar ■. ... B 

Thornton, Mathias F 

Toole, John — 

Trainer, William B 

Vandewege, Martin F 

Ward, George B 

Watkins, George C B 

Wood, Tohn R B 


Armstrong, William B 

I'arhvdt, Horton I 

Beckwith, Samuel F 

Brockel, Nicholas B 

Buell, Leroy N., Serg't Major. 

Carver; Aaron, ist Lieut K 

Chappell, Henry B 

Christianson, Brandell B 

Estey, Marquis E F 

French, George H A 

( rould, < 'harles L F 

Graham, Charles T A 

I [ampsi m, Charles F 

Harris. Charles F 

1 hath, Jeremiah A 

Heath, Marion \ 

Jones, Charles B 

Kaiser, Ehrhardt D 

Kaiser, Frederick D 

Loefert, Gottfried F 

Martyn, James L F 

Mueller. Fritz F 

Rogers, William F 

Sanders, Henry F 

Schiesser, Paul B 

Schofield, James A 

Smith. Christian F 

Tess. William F 

Tupper, Henry N F 

Van Horn. James H B 

Walbert, William B 


Andrus, Arthur D K 

Andrus, Francis L I\ 

Balcom, William A K 

Barber, George W K 

Barker, Alexander K 

I >egley, James T K 

I'iencman. Joseph C 

Blanchanl. Charles C, Hosp Stew. 
Blanchard, Orrin W., Surgeon. 

Blunt, Francis K 

Booker. < ieorge D 

Brewer, George W K 

nett, David M D Brown, Charles H K 



Brown, Joseph H D 

Buckles, Robert D 

Buening, Ludwig H 

Burt. Linus D K 

Byard, John K 

Campbell. Patrick F 

Campbell. Robert K 

Carlin. Patrick K 

Chadwick, William K 

Chapman, Joseph C 

Cheney, .Augustus J.. Major. 

Clark. Benajah D 

Dalrymple. Hilas H K 

Davis, John A K 

Davis, John C K 

Delap, Henry K 

Derby, George W K 

Dickens, Edwin G K 

Dickens. Thomas S K 

Dodge, Otis K 

Edgerly, William M D 

Ewen. Wallace D K 

Fairchild. David K 

Finch. Abraham K 

Finch. Charles K 

Fuller, Thomas. Jr K 

Gaffy. Daniel F 

Gleason, Jacob L F 

Gunderson. Oliver C 

Hadley. Luther K 

Harding, Abel G K 

Harding, Henry N K 

Hare, Albert J C 

Hauser. John TT.. Captain D 

Hauser, Robert B D 

Hicks. John K 

I [1 ifstatter, George F K 

Hogan, Patrick K 

Hogan, Pierce K 

♦Humphrey, West B K 

Huntress, Hiram B., 1st Lieut. . G 

Isham, Francis Devillo K 

Jacobs, Elder F K 

Johnson, Andrew . . K 

Jones, Franklin K . 

Jones, Frederick E K 

Kelley, Francis C 

Kingman, Arthur L K 

Kishner, George K 

Knapp, Henry D K 

Larson, James K 

Lewis, Oliver K 

Lloyd, John G 

McClellan, Charles C 

Malier, .Michael C 

Mervin, James H C 

Moody, William K 

Moon, Joseph K 

Morgan, Franklin D K 

Morgan, Solomon P K 

Xicul. William K 

O'Hara, David C 

' Heson, Halver K 

Parshall, Jonas K 

♦Patrick, Levi K 

Paul, Oscar S K 

Paul, Sylvester K 

Payne. Charles 11 

Pemberton, John K 

Phillips, David T K 

Phillips, William K 

Pratt, George W K 

Randall, Rozell K. 

Redman. Timothy K 

Riley, Hugh C 

Roy, William II K 

Sanborn. David O K 

Sanford, Daniel K., 1st Lieut... G 



Saxe, Louis K 

*Sheldon, Eugene A K 

Sheldon, Horace K 

Sheldon, William K 

Sholes, Elisha C D 

Sinn, William B 

Skinner, Austin F I 

Slack, George K 

Smith, John A., Captain K 

Smith, Stephen H D 

Southwjck, Henry K 

Southwick, James K 

Stone, Henry A K 

Stork, Nelson K 

Stout, Nelson K 

Stout, Zebedee M K 

Sturtevant, Charles A K 

Summers, William K 

Topping, Josiah M H 

Tostevin, John K 

*Tubbs, Hiram D K 

Van De Bogart, George W. . . . . K 

Vrooman, Daniel E K 

*Ward, Dustin K 

Westinghouse, Julius' K 

Whalen, Patrick H K 

Wharry, Robert K 

Williams, Ole K 

Wilson, James K 

Wilson, William K 

Wright, James A K 


Noyes, William E Townley. Barney 

Smith, William E E 



Coleman, John E 

Concklin, Thomas H K 

Gregory, David H 

Healey, Hugh F 

Horn, John A A 

|i ihnsi "i, Samuel E 

l"linson, William E 

Knight, Charles E 

Maxwell, George W B 

Orr, William E 

Parker, Samuel A 

Ryan. Thomas F H 

Thorn, William H 

Wolf, Samuel \ 


Bennett, 1 >avid M.. ist Lieut.. . 

. A 

Graham, Charles C, < >. M 


1- t. Paul 1' 


Keeler, Norman A.. Adjutant. 

Lucenski, Nicholas D 

Winter. Simon D 


U. S. ARMY. 

Armington, George W. . . .4th Inf. Moore, William 4th Inf. 

Brockway, Stephen 13th Inf. Munn, Ransom 13th Inf. 

Brown, Frederick M. . 1st Vol. Eng. Olson, Andrew P 4th Inf. 

Doane, George 4th Inf Reynolds, Martin 4th Inf. 

Drake, James 4th Inf. Roberts, Joseph 4th Inf. 

Drake, John 4th Inf. Rowland, Howard R 4th Inf. 

Fairbanks, Carroll, 1st Sharp Shoot- Ryan, Michael 13th Inf. 

ers. Schultz, Frederick 13th Inf. 

Foster. Henry 4th Cav. Springer, James 13th Inf. 

Gercke, Charles .. Hospital Steward Thomas, Henry C 4th Inf. 

Johnson, John. 1st Sharp Shooters. Tillotson, John S., G, 1st Sh'p Sh't's 

Kelley, Patrick 4 th Inf. Tyler. John D., G, 1st Sh'p Sh't's 

May, Eli,. .Hancock's Corps, K 2d *Tyler, Loren K., G, 1st Sh'p Sh'ts 

Mellon, John 4th Inf. Van Dyke, Abner, Hancock Corps, 

Mitchell, Michael. .A, 1st Vol. Eng. White, John 13th Inf. 


Allen, Augustus C 7th 111. Inf. Hope, John P C, 90th HI. Inf. 

Beckwith. Albert C. . . 1st la. Bat. How, William — 13th 111. — 

Brown, Charles A, 36th 111. Inf Labo, Abraham H, -2d 111. Inf. 

Chester, Robert. . . . 111. Cav. Moore, Jabez H., Lieut 

Cowley, James C, 90th 111. Inf B, 1st 111. Lt. Art. 

Durkee, Harris R C, 9th 111. Cav L, 2d 111. Lt. Art. 

Farr, Edward D — 72d 111. Inf. Perry, Charles A I, 4 2d 111. Inf. 

Fitzgibbon. Edward. C, 90th 111. Inf. Sloan, Patrick C, 90th 111. Inf. 

Fitzgibbon, James. C, 90th 111. Inf. Sullivan. John.... — , 36th 111. Inf 

Gross, Daniel C, 9th 111 Cav. Whelan, John — , 23d 111. Inf. 

Holland, John H..II, 95th. HI. Inf. 

1 . S. NAVY. 

1 tar* t V I'.aggs ( iharles I.. Hicks. 

Calvin Barnes. 


John Cosley 29th Inf. Charles Hunt Unassigned 

John Gillman 29th Inf. Deny McDonald Unassigned 



William Mason Unassigned Robert Sercer 29th Inf. 

James Owens Unassigned Andrew Smith Unassigned 

Henry E. Randolph ..Unassigned Abraham Tillman Unassigned 


For the war with Spain in 1898, four regiments of National Guard were 
taken from Wisconsin for service in the field. The company at Whitewater, 
then and now Company C, First Infantry, was filled by recruiting, assembled 
at Camp Harvey and ordered southward. Its officers were Capt. Leverette 
H. Persons, First Lieut. William H. Hahn, Second Lieut. Edward T. Weyher. 
and of its enlisted men, sixty-two were of this county. Besides these, nine 
men enlisted in other companies of the'same regiment, and sixteen served in 
Company A, Fourth Infantry. None of these men reached Cuba, but four 
died in service, namely: Bloxham, September 8, T898: Miller, August 3; 
Southwick, September 4; Whaley. September 6, the first three at Jackson- 
ville, the last-named at Second Division Hospital. The enlisted men were: 


Ames, William M B 

\nk' uncus, ( harles H C 

Balsiey', Dottie . C 

Barfell. I [an ey C 

Bloxham, Alfred W C 

Boswell. Carlton M C 

Brunet, Abelardo H 

Buckley, Henry C 

Cadman, Henry J C 

Charles, George R., Corp C 

Coleman, Abner C 

( 1 mroj , Martin, Jr C 

Coolcv, I larry J C 

Crandall, Bowen C 

( 'utter, Elmer A., 1st Sergt C 

I lerthick, Julius M E 

1 >c\ inc. William J C 

Everson, Edward O C 

I leorge, Willie R C 

Hahn, Arthur H.J C 

Hall, John W\. Corp C 

Heffren, Charles G., Corp C 

Henry, Herbert A C 

Higley, Arthur G., Corp C 

Huntress, Joseph J C 

Ingalls, John P F 

Johnson, Charles E., Serg't. . . . C 

Johnson, Olaf, Serg't C 

Kamm, Ernest C 

Koelzer, William L C 

Lilienthal, Emil A C 

Ludtke, Willie A C 

Lyon, .George W., Corp C 

McBride, Thomas C 

McLaren. Paul, Corp C 

Marsh, Fitch G C 

Marskie, Philip H C 

Miller. Louis R C 

Murphy, Henry Francis. Corp. . C 

Odell, Charles E C 

Odenwalder, William C C 

Page, Benjamin II C 



Poole, James E C 

Poole, Thomas C 

Protheroe, Lewis C 

Reichel, John A 

Remy, Francis G E 

Rosrnan, Rolf P. M., Serg't.. C 

Schneider, William H C 

Shimmins, Harry W C 

Smith, Ouincy K C 

Southwick, Herman E C 

Spracklin, Charles A. H., Quar- 
termaster Sergeant C 

Stolf, Charles B 

Thorne, Edward J C 

Tibbets, Clark C 

Trolle, Sophus \ 

Wegner, Henry A C 

Whaley, Ray B 

Wing. William G. N C 

Wolf. Christjohn C 

Wrigglesworth. James C 


Burns, John. 

Concklin. Henry W. , Corp. 
DeProux, Thaddeus S. 
Dingman, Romie, Corp. 
Eddy, Ehvin L., Sergt. 
Fowlston, William G, Corp. 
Gillard, John B., Corp. 
Kelly, Tames H. 

Lannon. Philip. 
McDonongh, Peter J. 
Montague, Myron G, Corp. 
Riordan. James T., Corp. 
Tearney, Thomas J., First Serg't. 
Thornton. Clarence E. 
Tuke, Reinold H. 
Willett, Walter F. 

Of these men, Trolle enlisted from Darien ; Lyon, Odell, Protheroe, 
Shimmins. Smith, Southwick. Wolf, Wrigglesworth, from Delavan ; Conck- 
lin, DeProux, Eddy, Gillard, Kelly, McDonongh. Riordan, Tearney, Thorn- 
ton. Tuke, Willett, from East Troy; Fowlston, Huntress, Lannon, from Elk- 
horn ; Cooley, Whaley, from Heart Prairie ; Brunet from Lake Geneva ; In- 
galls, from Linn; Ames, from Springfield; Derthick. from Spring Prairie; 
Burns, Dingman. Montague, from Troy Center. Sergeant Tearney had 
served in Company F, Fifteenth I'nited States Infantry, and Troop D, 
Seventh United States Cavalry, five years in all. He was mustered out as a 
quartermaster sergeant. All the other men were credited to Whitewater, 
forty-nine, including officers. 

One more service humbly but honorably useful, in behalf of law and or- 
der, was performed by young men of Delavan and Whitewater in [886, when 
rioting at Milwaukee called thither Governor Rusk and several companies of 
the National Guard. Our boys were not assigned to Major Traeumer's firing 
line at Bayview, but threats t" property in other parts of the city compelled 
some days of guard duty, and the promptly-arriving Walworthians served 
faithfully wherever they were placed. 



Three noteworthy institutions of wider than local interest are in the 
county, but neither founded nor sustained by the county or its citizens, namely : 
The Yerkes observatory, the State School for the Deaf and a State Normal 
School. The first is one of about two hundred and thirty observatories named, 
with their latitudes and longitudes, in each year's American Ephemeris and 
Nautical Almanac, and situated in nearly all the countries of the habitable 
or endurable earth. The second ranks among the highest in the states. The 
third is the second in order of establishment of eight such schools in the 


A far-western institution of learning had ordered from Mantois, of Paris, 
two 42-inch glass disks to be combined and finished as an object glass by Alvan 
Clark & Sons, Cambridgeport. Mass., but found itself unable to go further 
in constructing and mounting a telescope. George E. Hale, of Kenwood 
Observatory (privately equipped), and the late President Harper, of the 
University of Chicago, thus found opportunity to buy these faultless disks 
and with them to build and mount the most powerful refracting telescope 
in the world. The means were soon supplied through the liberality of the late 
Charles T. Yerkes, and in [892 contracts were made with the Clarks for finish- 
ing the lenses and with a Cleveland firm for the mounting of this "Dread- 
naught" of immeasurable space. The planning and general direct). hi of the 
work, as to buildings and instruments, was committed to Mr. Hale. From more 
than twenty places were offers of land for the purpose in hand. It was found 
requisite that the site chosen should be within one hundred miles of Chicago 
and readily accessible from city and university; that it should be sufficiently re- 
mote from the dust, smoke, glare of street lights, and jar of cities, and not too 
near the paths of earth-shaking freight trains. Too close neighborhood of 
many dwellings was also to be avoided. These conditions seemed best ful- 
filled b\ thai part of section 1. town of Walworth, which looks southwardly 
across the western end ni Geneva Lake. \ tract of fifty-three acres was 
given b) John Johnston, Jr., lying in the southwest quarter of the section. 


In 1907 this area was increased to nearly seventy acres, which includes a part 
of the narrow strip of section 12 which lies between section 1 and the water's 
edge. The lake frontage is six hundred feet long, and a pier for steamers has 
been built there. The lake, at this end, is about one and a half miles wide, 
covering most of section 12 and about half of section 13, and the view from 
the observatory to the opposite shore is not in any way likely to become less 
fair or more shut in. The observatory stands within easy distance from the 
highway, one mile westward from Williams Bay, and from the highway 
leading southward to Fontana, about two miles away. By way of Fontana 
and Harvard to Chicago it is seventy-six miles. By way of Williams Bay 
and Lake Geneva it is about ninety-three miles. It is nearly equidistant from 
Lake Geneva, Delavan and Elkhorn, and its dome can be seen from the south- 
western quarter of the last-named city. Its latitude is 42 34' 12.64"; its 
longitude 5I1. 54 m. 13.64 sec. or 88° ^y 18.6" from Greenwich observatory. 
The site of the building is one thousand and fifty feet above sea level and 
about one hundred and ninety feet above the level of Geneva Lake. 

Mr. Hale visited the greater observatories of both hemispheres before 
determining his own plans and derived some especially useful suggestions 
from the buildings and equipments at Mount Hamilton and at Potsdam, 
Prussia. The form of the building is cross-shaped, with head to eastward, 
its longer dimension three hundred and twenty-six feet, ending, westward, 
in the great dome, ninety-two feet in diameter. The centers of the smaller 
domes, at the arm-ends, are one hundred and forty-four feet apart. The 
style is described as Romanesque. The outer walls are of brown Roman 
brick and terra cotta. The equipment is adapted to a wide range of astro- 
physical work, perhaps the whole range of astronomical investigation. Be- 
sides the great telescope of forty-inch aperture, there is one of twenty-four 
inch and one of twelve-inch aperture; there is, apparently, a full furnishing 
of apparatus for photographic, spectroscopic, spectroheliographic and what- 
ever other processes men of this century may use for their prying into the 
visible and invisible contents of "nature's infinite book of secrecy." The 
cost of ground, buildings and apparatus is estimated at four hundred thou- 
sand dollars. 

The first successful measurements of star heat were made at this insti- 
tution in the summers of 1898 and T900, and a long and valuable record 
is already made of photographic observations of sun and stars. Results of 
these and other investigations are published in bonk form and as contributions 
to scientific journals. Among these publications arc "The Study of Stellar 
Evolution," bv Prof. Hale: "Researches in Stellar Photometry," bv Prof. 


Parkhurst; "The Rotation Period of the Sun," by Profs. Hale and Fox; and 
two volumes entitled "Publications of the Yerkes Observatory"; Vol. I, 
pp. 296, "A General Catalogue of One Thousand Two Hundred and Ninety 
Double Stars Discovered from 1S71 to 1890," by Prof. Burnham; Vol. 2, 
pp. 413, papers by Profs. Barnard, Burnham, Frost, Hale, Parkhurst and 
others. The observatory contains more than three thousand volumes and 
about the same number of pamphlets, and receives eighty scientific magazines 
and journals. 

No time is found available for permitting visitors to look through the 
telescopes, but two or three hours are given each Saturday to visitors for 
seeing, under the instruction of a staff member, the instruments and their 
working. Each year several thousand visitors are received and go away 
wondering. The observatory staff is composed of the following named 
persons : 

Edwin B. Frost, professor of astrophysics and director. 

Sherburne \Y. Burnham, professor of practical astronomy. 

Edward E. Barnan 1. professor of practical astronomy. 

John A. Parkhurst. instructor in practical astronomy. 

Storrs B. Barrett, secretary and librarian. 

Philip Fox, instructor in astrophysics. 

Oliver J. Lee, computer. 

Mary R. Calvert, computer. 

Mary F. Wentworth, stenographer! 

Frank R. Sullivan, engineer in charge of forty-inch telescope. 

Oscar E. Romare, instrument maker. 

Henry J. Foote, carpenter. 

Wilfred Beguelin, lantern slides. 

Diedrich J. Oetjen, day engineer. 

Louis F. Clay, night engineer. 

Astronomers from other institutions often pass the summer there, as 
volunteer assistants in research. 


In [843 Increase V Lapham, of Milwaukee, whose various services to 
science are not yel ungratefull) forgotten, wrote to Moses McCure Strong, 
then president of the Territorial Council, asking him to lay before that body 
for its consideration and favorable action a draft of resolutions which, in 
effect, petitioned Congress for an appropriation of public land in aid of in- 


stitutions for the instruction of deaf and blind children, and for the care of 
the insane. The Legislature duly memorialized Congress, but w ithout result. 
Ebenezer Chesebro, an early settler of the town of Darien, had a daugh- 
ter who was born deaf and thus "wisdom at one entrance quite shut out." 
Ariadne had received some instruction at a New York school for the deaf. 
Her father, in 1850, induced Miss Wealthy Hawes, then of Magnolia, in Rock 
county, to come to his house and continue the girl's education. A neighbor's 
son, James A. Dudley, then aged twelve years, found here, for him, a golden 
opportunity. These two continued their study, the next year, under John A. 
Mills, a graduate of the Xew York institution. Four years later these two 
pioneer teachers became man and wife, and both were employed at the state 
school, he as teacher, she as assistant matron. The little class at Mr. Chese- 
bro's house increased to eight pupils, but was soon suspended for want of 
funds. The six later pupils were Clarissa B. Kingman, of Darien. Washing- 
ton Farrer. of Summerville, Rock county, with Abraham, Betsey, Charles 
and Helen Hewes, of Eagle. Mr. Chesebro's feeling was too deep and strong 
and his mind too beneficently active to let the school drop and become one 
more matter fi ir sterile regret. About one hundred citizens of the county 
joined him in a petition to the Legislature of 1852 for the establishment of 
at least one school in Wisconsin for instruction of deaf children. Thanks to 
the merit of the proposition in itself and to Assemblyman Barlow's effective 
presentation of its justice and expediency. Governor Farwell's signature, 
April 19, 1S52, made the bill to incorporate the Wisconsin Institute for the 
Education of the Deaf and Dumb a law. The site was to be at or near the 
village of Delavan. Nine trustees were appointed, one-third of the board re- 
newable each year. This number was reduced about 1870 to five, and in 
1881 the board was abolished, its functions having been transferred to the 
state board of supervision. This body succeeded the older board of state 
charities and reform and is now known as the slate board of control. For ;i 
few years the trustees were chosen from the county; but, with increase of the 
school's importance to the state came representation of other parts <>\ the 
State. The trustees resident of the comity were: 

William Cheney Allen Delavan 1852-62, 63-7] 

James Aram Delavan 1872-75 

Joseph Baker Sharon '857-58 

Alanson Hamilton Barnes Delavan 1861-73 

Chauncey Betts Delavan 1854-65 


1 62 


Dr. Orrin Willard Blanchard Delavar 1854- 

Ebenezer Chesebro Darien 1852- 

Edward P. Conrick Delavan 1858- 

Nicholas Montgomery Harrington .... Delavan 1854- 

Dr. Henderson Hunt Delavan 1852- 

William W'illard Isham Delavan 1857-69, jy 

Saniuel Rees LaBar Delavan 1876- 

Rev. Phipps Waldo Lake '. . .Walworth 1852- 

Hollis Latham Elkhorn 1858- 

Chester Deming Long Darien 1860- 

Dr. Thomas M. Martin Delavan 1862- 

James Alexander Maxwell Walworth 1852- 

Dr. Clarkson Miller Lake Geneva 1858- 

Dr. Jesse Carr Mills Elkhorn 1852- 

Joseph D. Monell, Jr Delavan 1854- 

Timothy Mower East Troy 1858- 

Franklin Kelsey Phoenix Delavan 1852- 

Albert Salisbury Whitewater 1880- 

Wyman Spooner Elkhorn 1852- 

Salmon Thomas Darien *853- 

< id irge G. Williams Whitewater 1852 









\\ inchell I '. Bacon Waukesha 1 

Henry L. Blood Appleton 1 

Rev. Aaron L. Chapin Beloit ( College) 1 

1 Histin G. Cheever Clinti >n 1 

Samuel Collins Yorkville 1 

Martin Field Mukwonago 1 

Joseph Hamilton Milwaukee 1 

Edward D. Holton Milwaukee 1 

I [arrison Reed ( )slil«>sh 1 

\ II uri Salisbury Whitewater 1 

Moses McCure Strong Mineral Point 1 

John I-'.. Thomas Sheboygan Falls 1 

Mi J. I'.. Whiting lanesville t 


879 8] 


Some of these trustees of the county and <>i the state at large, at their 
! visits, found more or less personal interest in the pupils, making 


them feel that the state, while performing its duty in instructing them, had 
also parental care for each one's comfort and happiness. President Chapin 
addressed them in their signs, wisely and profitably, and left them with a 
truer understanding of their relations with that larger world from which 
they had seemed so harshly cut off. 

The state's appropriations in 1852 were one thousand dollars for build- 
ing and five hundred dollars for a year's conduct of the school. Dr. Joseph 
R. Bradway, of Delavan, was appointed principal and John A. Mills teacher. 
Franklin K. Phoenix, the only son of the founder of Delavan, himself a 
youthful pioneer, gave nearly twelve acres of the highland beyond the outlet 
of Delavan Lake, now the west end of the city, lying north of the Tanesville 
road, an extension of Walworth avenue. About twenty-three acres were 
bought a few years later. The first building was of brick, two stories high, 
and was part of a larger plan. It gave room for thirty-five pupils. When 
finished, in 1857, the main building was of three stories, its cost about thirty 
thousand dollars. To this a sufficient workshop and a barn were added at 
some further cost. On the morning of September 16, 1879, tne ma in build- 
ing was burned to the ground. For several months thereafter temporary 
quarters for the children were found in the remaining buildings and in one of 
the churches of Delavan. A change of site was proposed and urged by a 
few newspapers at Milwaukee and elsewhere — each as in duty and honor 
bound preferring its own city as the heaven-appointed though thus far man- 
neglected home for the wards of the state. There was probably but one judg- 
ment or feeling among the men and women of Walworth and this was 
promptly and fairly well expressed two days after the fire by the newspaper 
at F.lkhom in the following editorial comment : 

"It is believed and hoped that the location of the school will not be changed 
from Delavan. but that the new building will be located on the site of the old 
one. The school has passed through many ordeals, recently, but it was pros- 
perous in a high degree when this calamity came upon it, and it is hoped that 
every citizen of Walworth county will feel an anxiety to have it re-established 
on its old foundations and under present management." 

At the legislative session of 1880 Assemblyman Barnes (a well-chosen 
member for the task in hand) looked effectively to the greater good of the in- 
stitute and to the smaller interest of Delavan, and the sum of seventy thou- 
sand dollars was appropriated for re-building. Thus, one more phoenix 
arose from its own ashes with youth and vigor renewed. (Had the institute 
been burned and re-built otherwhere than at Delavan the cruelly over-worked 
Arabian bird need not have done service here.) Besides the administration 


(main) building, a school house, chapel, dining hall and dormitory were pro- 
vided for the growing needs. The establishment is sufficient for the full 
care of two hundred and fifty pupils. The yearly expense is from fifty thou- 
sand to sixty thousand dollars. The total expense since 1852 has been about 
two million one hundred thousand dollars. 

A statute of 1858 required payment of seventy-five dollars for each pupil, 
but it so operated to restrict materially the usefulness of the school that it was 
soon repealed. A similar ill-advised statute was enacted in 1867, and this, 
too, was soon repealed. The Civil war seriously affected legislative liberality, 
and the teachers were the most direct sufferers. In June, 1861, a class of 
five pupils was graduated with the full formalities or ceremonies of such oc- 
casions at other institutions. Miss Emily Eddy, the first woman employed 
as teacher, in 1868 began her experiments in speech-teaching. As. early as 
1861 she had observed some, to her, suggestive facts as to pupils 
who, from disease or accident, had become deaf, and she patiently and in- 
geniously evolved methods of her own by which to teach these children to 
speak with their lips and to hear with their eyes. In 1868 Miss Harriet 
B. Rogers, a teacher of this art in a Massachusetts institution, visited the 
school at Delavan. From her Miss Eddy received that summer a short couse 
of instruction by which she so profited that hundreds of pupils have since 
found reason to remember these two women with more than common grati- 
tude. At a later time Miss Eddy brought some improvement of teacher- 
method from the institution at Jacksonville, Illinois. It is said that Wiscon- 
sin and Illinois were earliest of the states of the old Northwest to adopt this 
branch of mute-instruction. 

The school year of forty weeks begins the first Wednesday of Sep- 
tember T11 the usual instruction in writing, reading, composition, arithmetic, 
geography, natural science and drawing. with oral speech ami 
lip-reading to semi-mutes and capable congenita] mutes, is added manual 
training. Cabinet making began in i860, shoe-making in 1867, printing in 
[878 ami baking in 1 SS 1 . Girls are also taught housekeeping, baking ami 
sewing, U>ou1 [879 began the publication of the Deaf-Mute Press, a home 
organ of the teachers and pupils. About [882 it- name was changed to 
Deaf-Mute Times, ami aboul [896 il became the Wisconsin Titties. Its edi- 
torial work has always been from fair In excellent, and it- mechanical appear- 
ance creditable to foreman and printers. In [906 Prof. Warren Robinson 
took a bolder step, and put forth the American Industrial Journal, an illus- 
trated : 1 year magazine, "in the interesl of the industrial depart- 
ments "i schools For the deaf ami the deaf themselves throughout the world." 


This is said to be the only such publication in the world. Its number for De- 
cember, 1910, indicates its temporary, if not permanent discontinuance for 
want of sufficient support. The editor, who speaks, but does not hear, has 
acquired a mastery of the art of expression in pure, plain English words 
and clearly- formed sentences, seldom met in modern newspaper work, and 
at least one of his contributors has profited similarly from judicious teaching. 

Miss Anna Johnson, a blind mute (one of three at this school), now 
about twenty- four years old, tells in simple, faultless phrases some of the in- 
cidents of her silent, darkened life. The short story is interesting and suf- 
ficiently moving, though in nowise an appeal for sympathy, and its style is 
for its purpose admirable. A school which does such work as this well de- 
serves the state's, support and encouragement, even if its opportunities for 
such work were still less frequent. Miss Johnson's case is not that of Laura 
Bridgman. nor of Helen Keller, since she lost her sight at twelve and her 
hearing at fourteen. "For three years I lived in darkness and it was very 
much like a prison; for no one seemed to recognize me, and as I could not 
see or hear enough to help myself, everything around me was silent." In 
19x14 she was sent to the school at Delavan, but sickness so far interrupted 
that but four years have been profitable for instruction. She had learned at 
home to sew and knit, and has since learned to use the Braille writer ( for 
the use of blind persons), and now finds it easy to use the Remington and 
other typewriters, and also the Singer sewing machine, with its various at- 
tachments — threading her needles and regulating her work with ease. She 
has read many books for the blind, but most enjoys the "Life of Helen Kel- 
ler." A few of her own words may show this young woman'- unconquer- 
able spirit : 

"To be deprived of sight and hearing is not so great a misfortune to 
those who are so afflicted as it may seem. A blind-deal" person can be just as 
happy as one who has his perfect sight and hearing. No one can im- 

agine how happy I have been since 1 learned to sew. I can sit alone in the 
dark or light with my sewing and be as happy as any queen. Low many 
happy thoughts 1 have now when 1 am making something for a friend or for 
my sisters or mother. * * * When I can be among the flowers and Irees 
1 am perfectly happy. * There is always something which can 

amuse a blind-deaf person and add much to make his life like that of a 
person with sight," — and more in like cheer) strain. 

The average attendance at the school is now aboul two hundred pupils. 
The whole number, since t*5_\ is about eighteen hundred. Until r88o the 
head of the school was designated as the principal. Since that year he is 


known as superintendent. The following official list shows several long 
periods of service there. 


Dr. Joseph R. Bradway 1852- 3 Dr. Henry W. Milligan... 1865-68 

Rev. Lucius Foote 1853- 4 Edward Collins Stone.... 1868-71 

Horatio Nelson Hubbell (acting) 1854 George Ludington Weed. . 1871-75 

Louis Henry Jenkins 1854-6 William Henry DeMotte. . 1875-80 

John Scott Officer 1856-65 


John W. Swiler 1880 Elmer Warren Walker 1903 

.Charles P. Cary 1901 

No subordinate at this school may hope to reach its superintendency. 
Time has shown the usefulness of this limit to promotion. But from its 
teachers have been drawn chief officers for similar schools of other states. 


The board of regents in May, 1866. chose a site at Whitewater for the 
second of the state normal schools, this, after having exacted from the vil- 
lage a bonus of twenty-five thousand dollars. Two members of the building 
committee were Newton M. Littlejohn and Samuel A. White, the first then 
a state senator and the other a regent. The school was opened and dedicated 
April 21, 1868, and enlarged in 1870, 1881 and 1897. The area of its ground 
is ten acres, rising eight hundred and seventy-six feet above sea level and 
sixty-six feet above the ground at the railway station. It has been planted 
with more than a hundred species and varieties of trees and shrubs, largely 
under direction of the late President Salisbury. Thus Normal Hill, as seen 
from its foot and from afar, has become as fair to look upon as a vice-regal 
country seat. 

This institution, one of eight such parts of the system of public instruc- 
tion, has. like them, the full equipment of similar schools in other states. It 
employs twenty-six teachers including those in the training schools. Its 
valuable library has more than fifteen thousand volumes. Since 1870 the 
school has graduated one thousand six hundred and twenty pupils, of whom 
aboul ninety seven per rent, have since done teachers' work. 

The men whose influence upon their fellow citizens secured this school 
for their village builded no better than they knew, for they acted in the full 


light of observation, experience, sound judgment, and true public spirit, and 
thus kept step in the march of American civilization. Greater benefit has thus 
come to Whitewater than the profits to retail dealers and boarding-house 
keepers. The whole county, too, and the adjacent towns in Jefferson and 
Rock have some appreciable share in this greater gain, as many a poor man 
and his child well knows. 

The presidents of the school have been: Oliver Arey, 1868-77; William 
F. Phelps, 1877-9; J°hn William Stearns, 1879 to January, 1885; Theron B. 
Pray, January to June, 1885; Albert Salisbury, July, 1885, to his last sick- 
ness and death in 191 1. 

Mr. Arey died at Brooklyn, N. Y., December 13, 1907. Mr. Stearns 
passed to a chair in the State University, that of theory and art of teaching. 

Albert Salisbury was born at Lima, Rock county, January 24, 1843; 
died at Milwaukee June 2. 1911. His early life throws some light on his 
later career. He was bred to farm work ; served in war time in a regiment 
that never rested; finished his college course at Milton in 1870; conducted 
* teachers' institutes from 1873 ; superintended and inspected schools in the 
Cotton states, for the American Missionary Association from 1882; and be- 
gan his presidency at Whitewater in 1885. All that he was by natural en- 
dowment and by acquisition, the total sum of which was enough to warrant 
at least a moderately high-aiming ambition, he gave wholly to the plain duty 
before him. Most of the graduates of Whitewater passed under his master- 
ship and guidance, and to most of them those brief years were the most profit- 
bearing of their lives. He had much of that collateral know ledge which gives 
its own value to every man's work, but he cared more to know a few things 
and understand them thoroughly and comprehensively. He could admire a 
superficially brilliant man without envying him. In or out of school, honest 
endeavor and modest worth were unlikely to escape his notice and surely en- 
listed his sympathy. He took ground early, with tongue and pen, for free 
text books for township high schools, for free carriage of pupils to and from 
their district schools, for everything that in theory was desirable and by 
wisely considered and carefully conducted experiment had been shown else- 
where practical and beneficial. His feeling was deeply moved in behalf of 
children whom poverty deprives of their share in public instruction, and he 
talked often and well of the state's duty to see that their right be not taken 
from them without their fault. To have known him as a friend was a goodly 
thing and is now a pleasant memory. To have known him as a teacher was 
great good fortune. He helped to make histor) for the county, lie has be- 
come rightly a part of tin- county's history.. 



A fourth institution, of great importance to American parents and sons, 
but not of Walworth's creation or maintenance, is likely to come within a 
year or two. It is proposed to transfer the Northwestern Military Academy 
from Highland Park, Illinois, to the shore of Geneva lake, at the place long 
known as Kaye's Park, in the town of Linn. The managers have secured the 
option of buying forty acres of land, having one thousand feet of lake front- 
age. This situation is very convenient for such instruction in naval exercises 
as is useful for soldiers; and, if found expedient, for a department of the 
more general naval instruction. The Legislature of 1911, by appropriate en- 
actment, authorized prohibition of the sale of intoxicant beverages within a 
circle of five miles radius, measured from this site as its center. 

The object of this institution is not only to train citizen-soldiers, but also 
to form Christian character and develop manliness ; and to such ends the 
discipline and instruction are directed. Major R. Davidson, commandant, 
with his officers and one hundred or more of his pupils, came to this place on' 
Memorial Sunday, 191 1. He had invited attendance from all the neighbor- 
ing posts of the Grand Army of the Republic to take part in the program 
of prayer, band music, singing and speaking, and be gave these survivors of 
a half century the place of honor in the order of marching. Colonel Jerome 
A. Watrous, a soldier of two wars, and Major Davidson explained the gen- 
eral purpose of the school, and the cadets closed the day, at retreat call, with 
a few evolutions on the parade ground. All this will become familiar here 
for the needful work of building is (in 1012) about to begin. 



Within less than fifteen years after the end of the Pottawattomie occu- 
pation, a few men of mind and will and of some weight in the affairs of their 
towns, mainly farmers of the Troys and adjoining towns, combined to form, 
or develop, a county agricultural society, and thence a yearly county fair. 
Most of these men lived long enough — and worked as long as they lived — to 
see the infant enterprise of 1850 move in orderly progress, without halt or 
backward step, to the foremost place among similar societies of the state. Of 
these men the names of Homer and Seymour Brooks, Jacob and William Bur- 
git, Simon Buel Edwards and Emery Thayer, of East Troy; John Fearnley, 
Albon Mann Pern,- and Augustus Smith, of Troy; Sherman Morgan Rock- 
wood, Jesse Pike West and Stephen Gano West, Sr., of Lafavette; Perry 
Green Harrington, of Sugar Creek, and Edward Elderkin, of Elkhorn, are 
preserved. No other record is found of work done previous to the fair and 
cattle show opened at East Troy October 16, 1850. The day was showery, 
but the attendance was encouraging. The plowing matches were postponed 
to the 25th. Thirty-five first premiums, seventeen second premiums, and 
three third premiums were awarded. Of these, nineteen first premiums went 
to citizens of East Troy : William Bates, James Booker, Tosiah F. Brooks 
(3). Homer Brooks (2), Jacob Burgit, S. Buel Edwards, Charles Hillard, 
Cephas Hurlburt, Mrs. John A. Larkin, S. McNair. Michael O'Regan, Joel 
Pond, Elijah Pound. Walter A. Taylor. Emery Thayer (2). To men of 
Troy, five first premiums ; Hiram Brew ster, William Lumb, John J. ( >lds. I'aris 
Pettit, Augustus Smith. Other first premiums were awarded to Franklin 
Kelsey Phoenix, of Delavan ; Charles W. Smedley, of Hudson ; William 
Child, of Lafayette: James Lauderdale, of Lagrange. Mr. Phoenix displayed 
twenty-five varieties of apples and a noteworthy entry- of garden stuff. 
Josiah F. Brooks sold two bulls, brought from New York, one at two hundred 
and ten dollars, the other at one hundred and fifty dollars. 

The officers of this fair were Augustus Smith, president, and Seymour 
Brooks, secretary. Before dispersing, the members chose officers and man- 
agers for the coming year. In April, 185 1, a meeting was held at Elkhorn, 
and the whole county was brought explicitly within range of the society's 


activities. A premium list was made, and the fair appointed at Elkhorn, 
October 14th and 15th. The society met in the evening of the 15th for 
adoption of a constitution and election of officers and three managers, all to 
act as an executive committee. Article eight, of the constitution, fixed the 
place of holding the fair at Elkhorn. But in 1853 it was held at Delavan. 
Article nine prescribed the fast evening of each fair as the time for electing 
officers. In 1852 the number of managers became five. 

August 19. 1853, Samuel Pratt resigned as manager and Colonel Elder- 
kin was chosen in Ins stead. Mr. Hollinshead moved, and it was ordered, to 
hold the fair at Delavan, Sepi ember 23d and 24th. A committee of arrange- 
ments for this purpose was appointed, all of Delavan town and villager 
Aaron H. Taggart, Ira P. Larnard, Charles T. Smith, William Hollinshead, 
Jonathan Williams, Cyrus Brainard. David Williams was made marshal, 
with Dr. Norman L. Gaston and Nicholas M. Harrington as assistants. Sep- 
tember 23d, election of officers. Ordered that executive committee procure 
one or more competent persons to address the people on one of the fair days. 

September 2j, 1855, the constitution was so amended as to require nine 
managers, besides the four principal officers. September 11, 1856, Hon. 
James R. Doolittle, of Racine, delivered the annual address. 

September 25, 1857, the members of the society met in accordance with 
article nine, of its constitution, and passed the following resolution : "That 
the election of officers of this society be postponed till the first Wednesday in 
January, 1858, and at that time said election shall be held in the court house 
at Elkhorn." 

January 6, 1858, Treasurer Hodges reported as the receipts of the fair 
of 1X57 the sum of eight hundred thirty-nine dollars and fifty-five cents. The 
amount on hand after paying premiums was two hundred and fifty-seven 
dollars. Land had been bought of Colonel Elderkin in 1855 for a permanent 
fair ground on a time contract running ten years, with interest at ten per 
cent. This meeting ordered payment of two hundred and fifty dollars on this 
contract. Colonel Elderkin was directed to go to Madison to collect for the 
society the state's yearly appropriation of one hundred dollars in aid of 
count) fairs, then amounting to two hundred dollars. If allowed and paid, 
the sum \va> to he applied to payment for land- If nut collected, he was to 
draw a suitable memorial, asking the Legislature fur relief. Wyman 
Spooner, Horatio S. Winsor and Edward Elderkin were appointed to examine 
: titution and records to find if the societj was so organized as to enable 
n 1- hold real estate, ami they were directed to reporl at the nexl meeting. 
Mr. Elderkin, then one ol the secretaries, was ordered to l>u\ a record hook 


and transcribe therein the constitution, by-laws, and the whole record of the 
society's proceedings. The acts of the annual meetings of the society and of 
its several executive committees for sixty years, as recorded, have not yet 
filled the book thus begun by Colonel Elderkin, though it is not an unusually 
large one of its kind. Its contents hardly present more than a fairly traceable 
outline of the society's history and rate of growth. 

This is in part explained by the fact that in this, as in many organiza- 
tions for other purposes, it has been found convenient to add many executive 
functions to the secretary's duty as a recorder of proceedings in session of 
society and committee. For many years following 1865 this so variously 
useful officer has seemed to persons outside of the management to combine 
in himself the executive, legislative and judicial power of the society. The 
later creation of minor superintendencies has not made the secretary's duties 
much less diversified. For many years the officers were paid little or nothing 
above their expenses. The secretary now receives $400, the treasurer $250, 
the president $100 (by act of the session of 191 1). the superintendent of 
privileges $75, the marshal $40. Members of executive committee are paid 
for one day's service, two dollars each. The working force, other than those 
just mentioned, at the last fair was 160 persons: Under the superintendent 
of the ground, 12; police, 29: treasurer's office, 18; secretary's office, 8; at 
gates and amphitheater, 23; in floral hall, 22; in speed' department, 14: judges 
for premium awards, 34. Their total pay, $1,355.71. Since the fair of 
1909 there was paid to laborers and repairers employed in care of the ground, 
in the course of one year, $629.10; for permanent improvements, $77^-37; 
for insurance, $233'.75- The total receipt for 1910 was $19,147.73, of which 
sum $293.79 was ^e balance on hand from 1909, and $2,200 was received 
from the state treasury pursuant to provisions of statute in aid of county 
fairs. In January, 191 1, the unpaid liabilities amounted to $65.62. These 
paid, and the state's aid received (usually in February), the society sets out 
for the year with $3,404.40. The sum of trotting purses paid was $4,760; 
sum of premiums paid, $4,072.75. 

The fair of 185 1 was held along Church street, south of the park, south- 
western part of the village. One or more fairs were held on the park, [n 
1855 the society began to buy land for a permanent fair ground. The place 
chosen was (and is) well within the village limits, in one of the Elderkin 
additions, a few rods from the point at which the Spring Prairie road meets 
Court street. The certainty that the railway, then building from Racine to- 
ward Sunset, would reach Elkhorn within the next year had some el'lVd on 
Colonel Blderkin's mind as to the coming values of village real estate though 


he stopped a little short of extravagance in his valuation of the six acres sold 
to the society. He let it go at one hundred dollars per acre, giving ten years 
for payment, and accepting ten per cent interest. The society now owns and 
occupies a fraction more than thirty-nine acres. About fifty or sixty rods 
further northeastward the branch railway to Eagle, curving along the eastern 
side of the ground, crosses the highway at an acute angle. It seems the so- 
ciety's manifest destiny to acquire this triangular space — about six and one- 
half acres — within a few months or years. By two extensions southward the 
old village cemetery, having been vacated by special statute, was added, giving 
a Court street frontage of twenty-two rods. A few groups of second-growth 
oaks and other trees give a parklike effect to this part of the ground, and a 
few lawn seats make it at present an attractive resting place for tired visitors. 

During the four days of the fair the railway supplies special trains, and 
the attendance, gathering from distant counties of Wisconsin and Illinois, 
has been computed variously at from twenty thousand to thirty thousand. 
When the fair week falls in dry weather, as it usually does, the dust-laden 
air along the several highways of the county, to one who has seen this sign 
of great armies in motion, is a reminder of the summer campaigns of the 
Civil war. For most of the morning hours the procession of vehicles headed 
for the white city inclines one to wonder if anybody stays at home in this 
holiday week. 

In [879 Henry G. Hollister. vice-president for the previous year, was 
chosen president of the society, and, thereafter, with two exceptions, such 
order of succession lias been the usage. The vice-presidents thus declining 
< >r passed over were Benjamin T. Fowler in [884 and Hiram S. Bell in 1894. 
Ebenezer Davidson has, since 1879. twice reached the presidency by way of 
the present order of promotion. 


Aldrich. William II.. Spring Prairie , 1900 

\llrn, Dwighl Sidney, Linn 1888 

Allen, George R., Bloomfield 1885 

Allyn, Alexander H.. Delavan 1886 

Babcock, Walter E., Spring Prairie 1909 

Blakely, William, Darien 1884 

Brewster, John M.. Troy 1896 

Briggs, Merman A.. Delavan 1891 

Brooks. Seymour. Eas1 Troy , 1861 


Buell. Sidney, Linn 

Clough, Darwin P., Darien 

Cross, Hiram, Lagrange _ 

♦Davidson, Ebenezer, Lake Geneva !893> 

Downs, Lemuel, Delavan 

Dunlap, Charles. Geneva 1869, 

Dunlap, William Penn. Geneva 

Edgerton, Stephen R., Lafayette 

Edwards, Simon Buell, East Troy 

Flack, David Lytle, Geneva 

Foster, Asa, Sugar Creek 

Fulton, John L, Whitewater 

Gibbs, Charles R, Whitewater 

Grier. James M., Bloomfield 

Grier, Thomas H., Bloomfield 

*Hare, Ambrose B., Richmond 

Harrington. Perry Green, Sugar Creek 1871, 

Hollinshead. William. Delavan 1863, 1864, 

Hollister, Henry George, Delavan 

Jeffers, John, Sharon 

Johnson, John B., Darien 

*Knilans, Williarn Allen, Richmond 

Lawson. Frank E., Walworth 

Lean. Robert J., Lagrange 

Manor, Newell B.. Bloomfield 

Martin, Charles, Spring Prairie 

"Meadows. John Greenwood, Lyons 

Meadows. William, Lyons 

Mills, Dr. Jesse Carr, Lafayette 

Morse, Frederick A., Whitewater 

Mulaney, Charles A., East Troy 

Nichols, Levi A., Linn 

Pratt. Orris, Spring Prairie 

Preston. Otis, Elkhorn 1855, '58-'6o, 

Reynolds, James E.. Troy 

tnour, Robert Thompson. Lafayette 

Smith, Augustus, Troy 

Starin, Henry J., Whitewater 

Stewart, William H.. Richmond 




NN< , 

81 15 










Wales. Charles, Geneva 1867, 1868 

Williams. David, Geneva !85i 

Wiswell, Charles Harriman, Sugar Creek 1912 

*Wylie, George Washington, Lafayette 1866 


Bell, Hiram Sears, Walworth 

Brooks, Seymour, East Troy 

Buell, Sidney, Linn 

Cheney, Rufus Jr., Whitewater ^859 

Derthick, Walter George, Lafayette 

Edwards, Simon Buel, East Troy 1854, '55, '57 

Flack, David Lytle. Geneva 

Fowler, Benjamin T.. Lagrange 

Harriman, Rufus Dudley, Lafayette 

Hendri.x. Wellington, Lafayette 

Hill, Thomas Worden, Lyons 1867, 

Hollinshead, William, Delavan 1852. 

*Hollister, Uriah Schutt, Darien 

Martin, Charles. Spring Prairie 1870. 

Morrison. William Henry, Troy 

Potter, Robert Knight, Lafayette 

Smith. Augustus, Troy 

Starin, Henry J., Whitewater 

Voss, John Augustus 

Wales, Charles, Geneva 1863, 1864 

Williams, John. Darien 

Wiswell, Charles Harriman, Sugar Creek 

*Wylie, George Washington, Lafayette 







851 • 




Brooks, Seymour, East Troy 1850, 185 1 

Elderkin, Edward, Elkhorn 1850, '51, '54-'65 

Williams. David, Geneva : 1852 

Latham, llollis, Elkhorn i852-*54, '56, '6i-'68 

Golder, Peter, Elkhorn 1853 

Win- ir, Horatio Sales, Elkhorn 18^5 


Carpenter, Seth L., Elkhorn 1858 

Frost, Eli Kimball, Sugar Creek ^59 

Martin, Charles, Spring Prairie i860 

West. Stephen Gano, Elkhorn 1869-1878 

Morrison, William Henry, Troy 1878-1884 

♦Alien, Levi E., Elkhorn (from Sharon) 1885-1890 

*Stratton. William James, Elkhorn 1891, 1892 

Mitchell, Samuel, Elkhorn 1893-1896, 1903, 1904 

Harrington, George L.. Lafayette 1897-1902 

Norris, Harley Cornelius. Elkhorn 1905-1908 

Porter, Francis Maxwell. Elkhorn 1909-1912 

Until 1866 it was usual to elect two secretaries sometimes, assigning one 
to the duty of recording and the other to the division of correspondence. 
After Mr. Carpenter — a young lawyer who lived a few months at Elkhorn — 
Mr. Latham served as corresponding secretary- until 1866, when the two sec- 
retaryships were united in one officer. 


Rockwood, Sherman Morgan, Lafayette 1850 

Hodges, Edwin, Elkhorn 1851, 1854, 1856-1860 

Golder, Peter, Elkhorn 1 1852 

Hollinshead. William, Delavan 1853 

Mallory, Samuel, Elkhorn 1855 

Brett. John Flavel, Elkhorn 1861-1866 

Rockwell, Le Grand, Elkhorn 1867-1869 

Latham, Hollis, Elkhorn 1870-1883 

Lyon. Wilson David, Elkhorn 1884 

Latham. Le Grand. Elkhorn 1885-1897 

♦Brett. James Elverton, Lyons 1898-1911 

John F. and lames E. Brett were respectively father and son, as were 
also Hollis and LeGrand Latham. 

Names marked with a * are of soldiers of the Civil war. 



Clergymen and pious men with gift of tongue and not unused to leader- 
ship in prayer meeting were among the early settlers of Delavan, Lafayette, 
Spring Prairie and Walworth, and perhaps other towns, and were not long 
wanting in any town. It has been learned how Colonel Phoenix came by his 
military title. His religious activity was even then as manifest as his 
energy in founding a city. He prayed, exhorted and preached at Delavan 
and Spring Prairie and, not unlikely, at Elkhorn and other points. Mr. Dwin- 
nell was nearly as early and quite as zealous in this field of labor, though he, 
too, had his load of secular cares as farmer and town officer. Their fellow 
pioneers, though not all of them professors of religious faith, were not gen- 
erally unwilling to hear instruction and exhortation; and these preachers of 
good tidings for a time carried their messages through a nearly roadless 
country, crossed by many bridgeless streams, with the steadfast resolution 
and, if needful, high hardihood of the pioneer clergy everywhere and always. 

Churches were not an immediate need. Men and women met for relig- 
ious communion in many small assemblies at the larger cabins, and when 
school houses appeared these were made doubly useful. In pleasant weather 
no finer temples than the oaken groves — nowhere distant nor liable to be over- 
crowded — were needed for the larger gatherings. The short pioneer period, 
"the first low wash of waves where soon would roll a human sea," was fol- 
lowed by immigration at such increasing rate that co-operative effort was made 
as available for church building as for more mundane enterprise-. After [843 
(be county board authorized the sheriffs t<> lei the court bouse for Sunday use 
of infant religious societies at a nominal rental rate, which was later but little 
reduced by imposing onhj the cosl of heating and sweeping. Not the church- 
less sects at the county seat only, but all within convenient riding or driving 
di tance of the center stake might avail themselves of this liberal disposition 
oi the supervisors -if such sects could agree upon a scheme of days and 
hours for their several services, 

Baptisl societies were funned a1 (lie villages of Delavan in iN.><). Spring 
Prairie in [841, East Troy and Millard in [842, al Walworth in 1844, Past 
Dela an and Geneva in 1845. From these were formed the Walworth Bap- 


tist Association in 1846, now the oldest of the county associations, which are 
constituents of the almost venerable Wisconsin Baptist convention, the first 
session of which latter body was held at East Troy in July, 1846. A session of 
the convention was also held at that place in 1856, and at Delavan in 1870, 
1883, 1 89 1 and 1909. Increased population in the several towns soon enabled 
each local society to build itself a church, aud these primitive meeting places 
were most of them followed by a succession of better buildings, each showing 
some advance in the means, liberality, and architectural taste of its builders. 
In order of membership the Baptist churches in 1909 were Delavan, 391; 
Elk-horn, 189: Walworth, 135; Lake Geneva, 100; Millard, go; East Dela- 
van, 5.5; Darien, 3J ; Spring Prairie, 25. In order of value of church prop- 
erty; Delavan, $35,000; Elkhorn, $21,500; Lake Geneva, $19,000; Walworth, 
S4.900: Millard, $4,500; East Delavan, $4,200; Darien, $3,100; Spring Prairie, 
$1,500. This denomination is the only one which has a count v association. 

Of the several denominations now having society or parish organiza- 
tions within the county, the Baptist, Congregationalist, Methodist and Epis- 
copalian were earliest on the ground: and the first of these was and is numeri- 
cally strongest. But Catholic missionaries had been long first in Wisconsin, 
and among these the Fathers Lejeune, Brebeuf, LeMercier, Vimont. Lale- 
mant, Raguneau, de Ouens, and Dablon, in their now invaluable "Relations," 
laid the foundations of Wisconsin history. These and other patiently heroic 
men also laid the foundations of an archiepiscopal province and its three di- 
oceses. It is not unlikely that Fathers Marquette and Allouez had crossed this 
county and had lingered 1>\ its lakes long before Bigfoot lorded it at Fontana. 

It is certain that the settlements of 1836-7 were not long unnoticed nor 
neglected by the Episcopal bishop at Milwaukee, and the infant parishes at 
Delavan, Elkhorn. etc.. soon knew Rt. Rev. Jackson Kemper's face and voice. 
Parishes were organized where and when practicable, and these have pros- 
pered steadily and. in total effect, mightily. There are now large and hand- 
some churches at Delavan, Elkhorn, Lake Geneva and Whitewater, and 
chapels or missions at other points. 

The Congregational church was planted early and has grown with the 
county. Its now most active societies are at Delavan, East Troy, Elkhorn, 
Geneva Junction, Lafayette. Lake Geneva and Whitewatei 

A few Presbyterian societies were formed, bu1 nearly all were soon ab- 
sorbed by its ancient rival, the Congregatinnal church. The Presbyterian 
church at Lake Geneva had a long and generally prosperous life, bul in [883 
its members voted for Congregational organization. 



The Methodists, never far or long behind the founders of new communi- 
ties, sowed on fertile ground and now stand beneath a broadly sheltering tree. 
They have absorbed the allied sects, which a while flourished in Walworth as 
everywhere else in America. Wesleyans struggled a few years for separate 
existence, and then yielded to the inevitable. The churches of this denomina- 
tion show the usual increase of wealth among its members, with incidental 
growth in architectural taste. 

English-speaking Catholics have been for more thai, three centuries ac- 
quainted with poverty as to their parishes, and too often with worse than 
poverty as to themselves ; and none have shown forth better than they the 
sweet usefulness of adversity. For several years Catholics of English and 
other tongues were so few and so dispersed that the county seemed over-long 
but a field for painful mission labor. Theirs is the good that comes from 
waiting without resting, for time has been kind to them. They have emerged 
from the wilderness and one looking upon their churches at Delavan. East 
Troy, Elkhorn, Lake Geneva. Lyons and Whitewater might feel moved to 
adapt the Davidian verse : "Pray ye for the things that are for the peace of 
Jerusalem :,and abundance for them that love thee." 

Seventh-day Baptists have long maintained themselves, as in a strong- 
hold, at Walworth, 

The Lutheran church is firmly fixed and its societies are well distributed 
through the county, at Darien, East Troy, Ekhorn (two), Lake Geneva 
(two), Lyons, Richmond, Sharon, Sugar Creek. Whitewater (two). 

The ideas or opinions of CJniversalism have been and are yet, perhaps, as 
widely held in this county as elsewhere, but its denominational activity has 
thus far shown fewer results than that of some numerically smaller religious 
divisions. Its adherents have sometimes made temporary alliance with L'ni- 
tarianism and other forms of liberal theology. Its few churches are not always 
open, nor does its printed teaching circulate among its readers as of old. 

Spiritualism, or "spiritism," as scoffers have named it, traveled as 'fast as 
the mails of the time From it- birthplace at the home of the Fox girls, not 
Ear from the depository of Joseph Smith's golden plates. Walworth was thus 
but few days behind Cattaraugus in receiving tidings from the unseen world 
of the unstable bul far from unfruitful air. Intelligent and worthy men and 
women were not wanting among converts, and "mediums" of various gifts 
of perception and power of interpretation were at once developed, l'.elievers 
met at household "seances" and met in general conventions, newspapers and 
1 ks were lead and studied, and at Whitewater a temple was built. Its doc- 
trines and practices are nol yel obsolete, though it has here less of the aspect 
■! organized sect 


At Joseph Smith's death a rag of his mantle was wafted to Spring 
Prairie and lodged upon James Jesse Strang's shoulders, thus to endue him 
with gifts of prophecy and leadership. The city and temple of Voree rose, 
obedient to revelation, in 1845 and, obedient to counter revelation, was aban- 
doned in 1847 to rats an d weasels, and the temple rafters were suffered to fall 
down on a cow. A few persons may have returned from Beaver Island in 
1856, but not to restore "the fair city of Voree." A few followers of the 
younger Joseph Smith came from the desolation of Nauvoo, in 1845, to the 
vicinity of East Delavan, where they built a church of Latter-day Saints and 
lived without offense to their neighbors. The society still exists, somewhat 
dwindled in number and with less regular service at their church. 

Mrs. Eddy's doctrines have pervaded rather than divided the churches of 
the old Protestant orthodoxies. Her followers are not easily to be estimated as 
to their number, but their influence is manifest. They are diffused through- 
out the county and appear to be still increasing at some fair rate. Their prog- 
ress is more like the silently powerful natural forces than like the swiftly 
rushing whirlw ind or the upheaving and rending earthquake. 


The liberal policy of the federal government had set apart section six- 
teen of each township of the national domain as an aid to new states in the 
establishment of common schools ; but, in earlier years of the county a square 
mile of public land, at its best, was not a rich endowment. Some notion 
may be formed of its value to the school fund from a report in 1848 of a 
committee of the county board as to the condition of school, seminary and 
university lands within the county. Of section 25 (a seminary section) of 
Sugar Creek it was noted that the timber had been cut away unlawfully and 
that the value of the land was thus reduced by one-half. But this may have 
been the only instance of such spoliation of the rights of children. 

Before the full organization of towns the schools received some attention 
of the county commissioners. One of then firsl duties was to set off school 
districts, referring boundaries to range, township and section lines. Private 
enterprise had taken the first practical steps, For American matrons and 
maidens could not and would not Miller the young children to lose more than 
one school year in the transit from a land of schools to the late home of the 
Pottawattomies. So, as volunteer teachers, they brought together their pupils 
by twos and threes and sometimes sixes at some consenting neighbor's house 
and at once laid bases for the better order of things about to follow ; while 


men met, debated, resolved, amended, referred, reported, voted and after 
much such like ado, acted. 

Judge Gale observed that however men differed on most things of town- 
ship concern, they were at one as to the instant need of schools. The com- 
missioners, in 1839, appointed town school inspectors: For Darien, Nicholas 
S. Comstock, Loren K. Jones, Amos Older, Lyman H. Seaver, Jacob Lee ; for 
Delavan, Charles S. Bailey, Milo Kelsey, Alvin B. Parsons, Henry Phoenix, 
Salmon Thomas; for Elkhorn (old town). Tared B. Cornish, George Esterly, 
Volney A. McCracken, Zerah Mead, Jeduthun Spooner ; for Geneva, Charles 
M. Baker, Andrew Ferguson, Charles M. Goodsell, Samuel Hall, Russell H. 
Malic irv: for Spring Prairie. William Arms, Richard Chenery, Solomon A. 
Dwinnell, Ansel A. Hemenway, Jesse C. Mills: for Walworth. William Bell, 
Phipps W. Lake, James A. Maxwell, William Rumsey, H. Smith Young. 
Better men than these, taken all together, could hardly be named for such 
service in 191 r. 

A meeting of school commissioners (or inspectors) and other citizens, 
was held at Elkhorn, December 1. 184J, at which George Gale, Moses Bartlett, 
Edward Elderkin, Solomon A. Dwinnell and Orra Martin were appointed to 
draft suitable resolutions and were directed to report at an adjourned meeting, 
which was to reassemble December 24th. Their work was duly submitted and 
adopted : 

"Resolved, That nine-tenths of American youth lay the foundation of 
their education in common schools, and their after success depends on the 
prosperity of these institutions. 

"That a well organized system of common schools is indicative of an 
intelligent and enlightened community. 

"That Wisconsin should not be behind old states in the great cause of 

"That the following text-books are recommended: Reading, Leavitt's 
Easy Lessons; Porter's Rbetorical Reader; Goodrich's First to Fourth Reader; 
spelling, Webster's Elementary Spelling; geography, Peter Parley's and 
Olney's; grammar, Smith's, Kirkham's; arithmetic, Adams's, new edition; 
composition, Parker's Exercises. 

"Thai we recommend to teachers of common schools a more general 
introduction and teaching of English composition." 

Ii was further resolved to call a convention of the friends of education 
hi iln counties of Jefferson, MKlwaukee, Racine. Rock and Walworth, to 
meet at Easl Troy, Februarj 1. r'843, " tn consider the best methods of ad- 
vancing the interests of common school education in the territory." Gaylord 


Graves presided at this convention, and Judge Gale, the secretary, says that 
the proceedings were spirited, and that among resolutions adopted was one 
recommending establishment "of a normal school for the education of teach- 
ers." The convention adjourned to Elkhorn, third Wednesday in May fol- 
lowing; but it never met again. It might seem that a few warmly interested 
men of somewhat telescopic vision were permitted to think and talk for their 
less imaginative but vary practical neighbors, but not to act for them in such 
wise as to raise the tax rate. August 7, 1841, the return to the county com- 
missioners of delinquent tax was, for schools $150.45, for roads $193.63. 

Until 1805 each town chose its school superintendent. This system was 
found inefficient, variable in method and operation, and behind the spirit of 
the age. The count} - superintendency promised better things, but its advan- 
tages did not at once follow its creation ; though enlightened men, in touch 
with the State Teachers' Association and other widening and substance-giving 
influences, were chosen to lead order from chaos. Public opinion or sentiment 
on the subject of education is not formed by teachers alone. It has always 
been favorable, as an abstract proposition, to a system of state schools; but 
the advancing ideas of superintendents and teachers do not always work in- 
stant conviction in the minds of taxpayers, — at least, as to special new meas- 
ures proposed. These may seem in the nature of doubtful experiments, liable 
to carry with them new or higher taxation, and therefore requiring looking 
before leaping. The nearness of one of the normal schools has been, on the 
whole, of incidental advantage in moving forward the public mind to larger 
liberality of thought and action. A large percentage of the pupilage at the 
Whitewater institution has been resident within the county, and many of those 
graduated have taught at least a year in home districts before finding other 
usefulness abroad. Thus, their parents and friends have been brought more 
or less into knowledge and not seldom into sympathy with the views of leaders 
in the movement toward school improvement. Able officers of the State Uni- 
versity, the normal schools, the state superintendency. and the State Teach- 
ers' Association have been heard as lecturers and have had their legitimate 
influence. The taxpayer of this century, now better in formed and larger 
minded, is often found upholding a school system unknown to his boyhood 
and which he had for a time distrusted and opposed. 

The fully organized high schools of four little cities and as many in- 
corporated villages have contributed to this evolution of better public senti- 
ment. The more forward or more fortunate youths of the district schools, 
passing to and through the neighboring high school, have fairly measured 
their own benefit received from this upward step and have seen more clearly 


to what practical ends the higher education may tend. The county high 
schools are steady feeders of the stream of young life toward the university, 
the colleges and the technical schools ; and names of young Walworthians are 
found in every class list. So, in the slow march of years, the dream of the 
earlier educator is in course of fulfillment, and the system of public instruc- 
tion has become nearly one and indivisible. The direct and now plainly seen 
result is to make the children of many races in Wisconsin homogeneous and 
truly American. 



The earliest of all roads were the Indian trails. Of these the most im- 
portant was that from Milwaukee to Galena, passing through the northern 
part of the count}' and having lateral branches from Whitewater to hurt 
Atkinson and elsewhere in the Bark River country. Mr. Cravath describes 
this as about fifteen inches wide and trodden in the spongier places to such 
depth as more to resemble a ditch than the "highway of a nation." A trail 
from Geneva lake passed by way of Lafayette and East Troy to Mukwonago 
lake, and this became part of the "army trail," used by federal troops in their 
marches between Fort Dearborn and the forts of the North and Northeast. 
Another trail from the foot of Geneva lake led to Godfrey's at the upper 
fork of the Fox, near Rochester, and thence to Racine, with a branch to 
Milwaukee. But these lateral trails varied more or less in their course, and 
were sometimes confusing to white travelers, so that fords were found 
with difficulty or missed wholly. Generally, the Indians found the most 
practicable routes from point to point, with short cuts and detours suited to 
conditions of weather and soil; but their roads, so cunningly surveyed, were 
not made with hands. Other trails led from lake to lake and from village or 
camp to hunting, fishing, and trapping places. Some of these routes, no doubt, 
gave partial direction to white men's first roads. 

There was no distinct trail from Gardner's prairie to Turtle creek. Allen 
Perkins, returning in July, 1836, from his new'ly-made claim near Delavan, 
lost his way and was found twenty-four hours later by Colonel Phoenix — - 
more -killed in the craft of woods and prairie — and guided to Gardner's. 
Thereupon the settler- turned out and dragged a tree over the whole route, 
so breaking down brush and weeds and scratching soft or loose earth as to 
make the way plain and nearly straight. The present highway from Dela- 
van to Elkhorn, and the more southerly of two mads thence to Spring Prairie, 
coincide nearly with the route taken b) Colonel Phoenix. 

The territorial Legislature established a few routes from the lake shore 
to the valley of the Rock, — as, from Milwaukee and Racine to Janesville and 
from Kenosha to Beloit; but these were in no wise king's highways for 
smooth and rapid transit. The) became, in a way. trunk roads, for the 


county's system of highways. To define road districts and appoint viewers 
for roads ordered or authorized were among the earlier duties of the first 
governing board, the county commissioners. With the soon-following or- 
ganization of the several towns their supervisors, under direction of the 
yearly town meetings, ordered the work of the plows and the shovels, stopping 
scrupulously at town lines. If this was not a good method, it was the only 
one practicable for more than sixty years. 

Twenty years after the coming of Gardner, Meacham, Payne and Phoenix, 
the ways in spring and fall, and in open winters, were in many if not in most 
places just as bad as patient men could endure — and patient men were in the 
majority. For instances, the crossings of Sugar Creek valley and that of 
Duck Lake marsh were just a little better than the adjacent bogs. Perhaps, 
taken together, the roads leading out of Elkhorn were the worst within the 
knowledge of men. The road to Delavan was bad. The two roads into Sugar 
Creek were worse. The road leading due eastward toward Spring Prairie 
(Colonel Phoenix's trail) was worst. The town line roads northward and 
southward were pluperfectly worst. That which passes the fair ground into 
Lafayette and thence eastward was for two miles plusquamperfectly vile, and 
hence not to lie described in fair terms. 

Much has been told and written of privations undergone and difficulties 
met and overcome by the pioneers. It may be doubted if they and their chil- 
dren and grandchildren have endured anything much worse than their own 
roads; for these were a long-lasting and for long a hopeless affliction to men 
and their unmurmuring beasts. The men of Elkhorn and adjoining towns 
were not wanting in enlightened public spirit. The}-, as other men, were ruled 
by the circumstances of their time, which, neither tor Walworth nor for the 
next county in any direction, were then favorable to boulevard-making. 

There is gravel nearly everywhere in the county, but not everywhere of 
the fittest for road making. Some fortunate towns have it at the pathmaster's 
convenience, whenever he may work, while for other towns it must be hauled 
at greatly multiplied cost, or. an inferior compound of clay, sand and pebbles 
must be used. For tin- past twenty years the more general tendency lias been 
to use the better material. For at least one-half of the year the greater part 
ol the POads are lilted well out of the mud, and the fair-ground is no longer 
fronted h\ a "hole of sorrow." 

But tlie good thai sometimes comes to such as can wait seventy-five years 
seenis now at band. The county board of 1911, at its November session, 
acting under a statute of that year, elected as its first county board commis- 
sioner Herman J. Peters, of the town of Sharon 1 who is a son of the super- 


visor for that town). The sum of nine thousand five hundred dollars was 
appropriated for the work of 191 2. This is the sum of fifteen appropriations 
made previously by as many towns, only Troy not in the list. The state 
levies a like sum. which when collected is returned to the county on conditions 
prescribed by statute. The towns retain the initiative, and may each do its 
road-work by its own officers and citizens. The work done in any year is 
limited to fifteen per cent, of the county's road mileage. To receive statutory 
aid the towns must conform to the general plans of the state road commis- 
sion and admit the supervision of the county's officer. If this is done, the prin- 
cipal roads will become parts of a state system. In order to secure such a 
result, the adjoining counties interchange plans of each year's work to be 
done, so that road may meet road at the county lines. 

In brief, state and county roads will have nine-foot roadbeds, of best 
material locally available, well rolled, with enough margin for meeting and 
passing vehicles, and will be built under competent direction. Cities and in- 
corporated villages must pay state and county road taxes, but road-making 
stops at their limits. Hence, these municipalities will have such streets as 
they may care to make or may choose to endure. 


The Legislature of New York in 1826 incorporated the Mohawk & 
Hudson Railway Company with a capital of three hundred thousand dollars. 
and this might be increased to a half million. Its line was from Albany to 
Schenectady, fourteen miles, and the road was built in 1830-1. In 1830 the 
Canajoharie & Catskill and the Delaware & Hudson companies were incor- 
porated. About this time other companies were chartered, as, the Port Byron 
& Auburn, Hudson & Berkshire, Great Au Sable, Catskill & Ithaca, Salina & 
Port Watson, Canandaigua & Geneva, Ithaca & Owego railways. The 
counties in which lay these proposed lines supplied no small share of the first- 
comers to Walworth, many of whom may have been jolted over a few miles 
of straj>-rail, at ten or twelve miles an hour, through forests and swamps pri- 
meval, in low-roofed compartment cars, behind locomotives of low horse- 
power, and at rates not fixed by statute. 

The lakes were a natural highway from Buffalo to the line of ports 
placed at the mouth of rivers and creeks from Green bay to Kenosha, each 
one a new Tyre; but railways were needed, and at once, by which to reach 
the inland and river counties, to distribute throughout the Wisconsin paradise 
a part of the rising tide of immigration. The settlements of Walworth were 
scant fifteen years old when the -fast- following railway builders had reached 


Chicago by two lines through Michigan and Indiana, and were looking at 
farther Iowa as their own. 

Men of Milwaukee were neither blind nor idle. In 1847 a railway to 
Waukesha was projected and in four years it was built thus far. Money was 
needed to carry this line across to the Mississippi. A change in its charter 
gave it a definite western terminus at Prairie du Chien, and in 1856 the first 
train ran across the narrower part of the state. The road was new-named 
Milwaukee & Mississippi. It reached Whitewater in 1852 and in the same 
year was built to Milton. This was nearly as soon as Chicago was reached 
from Detroit and Toledo, and but thirteen years after Dr. Tripp had built 
his mill. This road enters the town at section 1, turns southwesterly at the 
city, and leaves by section 18. 

Racine, too, had golden visions of trade diverted from the big villages of 
Chicago and Milwaukee to the rising city with "the finest harbor along the 
lake." In 1852 her railway investors procured a charter for the Racine, Janes- 
ville & Mississippi Railway. Her own capital was insufficient, and the coun- 
ties and towns along the proposed line were urged to issue bonds and their 
citizens to subscribe to stock. The western terminus was not fixed definitely. 
Partly, perhaps, because if built wholly in Wisconsin the line would be rather 
too near the Milwaukee road's way, but probably more to secure a desirable 
connection with Iowan lines south of Dubuque, the course was diverted from 
Janesville to Beloit and thence through Freeport to Savannah. As at first 
surveyed through this county the track would have been nearly straight from 
I ,yons to Delavan. leaving Elkhorn a mile or more northward. There was no 
excess of cash capital at Elkhorn, but there were poor men whose minds were 
filled with dreams of nothing less than a triple-junction of long-line railways, 
and from such a maze of frogs and switches and side-tracks and Y's it must 
follow as surcl}- as the working of the law of gravitation that trade must 
leave Chicago and all other fictitious, accidental and temporary trade centers 
and huddle itsell about the court house square. One railway was building 
up Whitewater like an exhalation. What three railways would do for Elk- 
liorn only assessors and census enumerators could tell, after the wonderful 
doing. It was easy enough for Elderkin, Preston, Smith. Spooner, Utter, 
Winsor, and all the talkers of a county-seat t" persuade their hopeful fellow 
citizens that private money and village bunds could net be invested in other 
i\ with such certainty of quick and yearly increasing profit. Elkhom raised 
twenty thousand dollars and Delavan twenty-five thousand dollars, and early 
in [856 tbi' track was extended From Burlington to Delavan, with stations 
also at Lyonsdale and Springfield. In the fall the work was carried through 


Darien and Allen Grove to Clinton, where the Chicago & Northwestern road, 
passing through Sharon village, crossed on its way to Janesville. The next 
year the work was pushed about two stations beyond Beloit — Brockton and 
Shi Hand. The business panic of that year checked railway building, though 
in 1859 trus roa d reached Freeport and halted there until a change of owner- 
ship, with change of name to Western Union, extended it to Savannah, and 
later to Rock Island. 

In 1869 the great Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul consolidation, which 
already included the Western Union line, built its straight line from Chicago 
to Milwaukee, making a new crossing at Western Union Junction, now named 
Corliss. In 1869-70 seventeen miles of track, from Ea'gle to Elkhorn, 
through the towns of Troy and Lafayette, with three intermediate stations, 
connected the Milwaukee & Prairie du Chien division with the Racine & South- 
western division. There were men along this line who imagined that passen- 
gers between Milwaukee and Rock Island would be brought by way of this 
new track. But the company's policy was not so much to rearrange travel- 
routes or to build up new cities of Walworth as to make it unlikely that some 
other company would fulfil the old dream of a road from Milwaukee through 
East Troy to Beloit. As a small part of a great railway system this branch is 
not profitless, and it is of much convenience to local travelers and shippers. 
Neither citizens nor towns were asked to aid this bit of railway-building. 

In 1853 men of Whitewater, Elkhorn and Geneva obtained a charter 
as the Wisconsin Central Railway Company. Beginning at Genoa and run- 
ning diagonally through the county much curved from Geneva toward Elkhorn, 
and onward in a nearly straight line to Whitewater, and thence through Jef- 
ferson, Columbus and Portage, the builders would be providentially guided 
to a suitable terminus at Lake Superior. Erom Genoa to Chicago its trains 
would use the Galena & Chicago Union tracks. Millard and Heart Prairie 
lay on this crow-flight across the county. By 1857 the line was nearly de- 
termined through Stevens Point to the mouth of Montreal river. The first 
president of the company was Legrand Rockwell, and the last one was Rufus 
Cheney, Jr. From first to last Edwin Hodges was secretary and treasurer, 
Frederick J. Starin its chief engineer, and Winsor & Smith its attorneys. It 
is not now easy to find director lists or names of stockholders, bul Charles M. 
Baker, of Geneva, George Bulkley and Otis Preston, of Elkhorn, Eleazar 
Wakeley, of Whitewater, and perhaps John A. Pierce, of Millard, were among 
the leaders. But for the day of reckoning, for business men of America, late 
in 1857, this road might have been built. Much grading was done almost 
continuous!] from Genoa to Whitewater, and at points beyond. The towns 


along the line had been authorized by statute to give their bonds in aid. and 
most of them had done so, in amounts up to the statutory limit, which varied 
between fifteen thousand and forty thousand dollars. They who could not 
or would not subscribe to stock could easily enough vote for issuance of vil- 
lage or town bonds. As Mr. Simmons tells for Lake Geneva: "This was 
considered a glorious opportunity to get something for nothing, as we should 
secure the road, while the bonds would pay for the stock — and the stock in 
turn would pay the bonds, — and the dividends would pay the interest." Mr. 
Cravarh says that Messrs. Cheney and Wakeley "were very successful in ob- 
taining subscriptions, most of the inhabitants (at Whitewater) taking from 
one to five shares." At Klkhorn whoso owned his home lot and one quarter- 
acre lot besides was already well on the road to wealth not earned with hands. 
In all this there was nothing peculiar to the men of Walworth. The Legisla- 
ture of Wisconsin, like the legislatures of other states, had been chartering 
possible and improbable railways since 1850. The air was everywhere filled 
with talk of prosperity-bringing railways and of first-class cities springing 
ii] > in a day and a night. An instance of great things unforetold : where was a 
cornfield in 1855 was Clinton, Iowa, in 1856, with more than a thousand in- 
habitants, and other thousands looked for by every train and river steamer. 

Kenosha is but ten miles from Racine and, in seventeen years of strife 
as to which should be greatest, had fallen somewhat behind. In that period 
01 railway chartering, namely, in 1853, it did not seem impossible, at Kenosha. 
to reverse their places in order of population and business, nor even to rival 
Milwaukee. A charter was easily procured for a railway through Geneva and 
Sharon to Beloit, and also an enabling act by which each town so traversed 
might vote for an issue of bonds. Before the towns bad voted, a change of 
route directed the line to Rockford by way of Genoa, with a design to reach 
Rock Island and divide the trade of Iowa with Chicago. It was a Napoleonic 

conception with a Water! ratcome. The Chicago & Northwestern Company 

gave Kenosha a line to Rockford and thence not as Kenosha willed but as the 
company found mos( to it^ own advantage. The little citv now prospers at a 
healthy rate, from its natural advantages. 

Milwankccans. too. saw in mind's eye a highway across Walworth fields 
to Beloit, thus to conned their city with the trade of middle and farther Iowa. 
This line was to come into the county from Mukwonagn and pass through 
I .m Troy. Troy, Lafayette and Elkihorn, to Delavan and thence its trains 
would use tlir Racine load's tracks to Beloit. Horatio llill, president, and 
mosd of the directorate were oi Milwaukee. Among the local incorporators 
were Manson II. Barnes, vice-president, Alender (A Babcock, secretary and 


treasurer. Elias Hibbard, Levi Lee, Joseph D. Monell. John A. Perry, Sewall 
Smith, and Christopher Wiswell. 

In 1857 the grading was well under way and there was every fair sign 
that trains would run over the whole route within another year but for that 
all-arresting monetary panic from which business had not yet recovered 
when civil war began. 

The collapse of all these plans of railway-building bore heavily on the 
whole community, but upon none more than upon men who had too liberallv 
mortgaged farms and homes to pay -subscriptions at the sales of stocks. The 
towns could stagger along for a few years under their several loads of bonded 
indebtedness. Both towns and farmers presently found that they had not to 
settle with the bankrupted railway companies, but with men to whom panic 
periods were their own peculiar harvest times; for there are few calamities 
in human affairs so widespread and complete that a fortunate few, if so 
minded, may not turn to their profit while the many "weep and bleed and 
groan." So much like swindling it seemed, to men of the less complex civiliza- 
tion of country life, to be held for the face value, or even a large-profit com- 
promise value, of bonds which had cost the latest holders nearly nothing, that 
something of the spirit of Bunker Hill was aroused. In April, i860, a suc- 
cessor to the late Chief Justice Whiton was to be chosen, and an issue was 
made, in several counties, on the validity of these farm mortgages. The 
decisions of lower courts were often unpopular (though Judge Noggle, of 
the first circuit, decided in 1859 against the bond holders), and the partly self- 
victimized farmers and their friends looked to the supreme court for relief. 
A. Scott Sloan, of Beaver Dam, in a temporarily famous letter to his brother, 
Ithamar C. Sloan, of Janesville, seemed to take an equitable view of the ques- 
tion. The letter was published in his interest, and it gained for him a large 
majority of the vote of Walworth and of a few counties in similar plight. For- 
tunately for the permanent credit of the state, Judge Dixon — already on the 
bench by appointment — was elected, and the sober second thought of Wal- 
worth helped to keep him in place until his resignation in 1K74. The year 1861 
brought the new burdens of war to divide men's attention. 

The whole story of the Wisconsin Central Railway is not yet told. Late 
in 1856 nine miles of strap-rail, outworn in service of the Galena & Chicago 
Union Railway, was laid from < ienoa to a point near Geneva village and trains 
ran to and from Elgin. Thus the much desired connection was made with 
Chicago. The next year the citizens of Geneva made an effort, and broughl 
tracks and trains into the village. The depression of business, ever) 
where continuing until hope could scarcel; cri ite from its own wreck new 


hope and this with the wear and tear of the make-shift rail-laying, operated 
to take away the locomotive and to put on a horse or mule team, and even 
this reduction of power was again reduced, accidentally, by one-half. 

The Chicago & Northwestern railway, in 1856, laid about four miles of 
its track across a corner of the town of Sharon, making a station at the vil- 
lage, and pushed onward to Janesville. The next year it was built to Fond 
du Lac and probably farther. As far as now known the company asked 
nothing and received nothing from Sharon but its right of way across that 
fortunate town. Fifteen years later it came into Bloomfield and Geneva by 
arrangement with a local company. In 1871 a few citizens of Geneva and 
its vicinjty, among whom were Charles M. J laker, Robert H. Baker, John W. 
Boyd, W. Densmore Chapin. Lewis Curtis. John Haskins, Thomas W. Hill, 
Erasmus 1). Richardson, and Timothv Clark Smith, procured a charter for 
the State Line and Union Railway Company, to be built from Genoa to 
Columbus and thence to some point, not named, in the Kingdom of Ponemah. 
President Baker made a contract with the Chicago & Northwestern company 
to build and operate the road from Genoa Junction to Lake Geneva. In 1887 
this load was extended to Williams Bay, six miles from the city, and ninety- 
two miles from Chicago, and is now a part of a great system of connected 
railways owning or operating ten thousand miles of tracks. 

From time to time, after the Civil war, a faint hope was revived in the 
minds of men by rumors of new corporate combinations which would or 
might find it expedient to lay tracks from Lake Geneva to Whitewater and 
obliquely onward toward the arctic circle. Between 1871 and 1881 the Chi- 
cago, Portage & Lake Superior Railway Company acquired some more or less 
disputed title to the right of way. cuts and dumps of the dead Wisconsin Cen- 
tral company, and the brighter day for all here concerned seemed about to 
break in sun-lighted splendor. But a transfer of a million dollars in paid stock 
of the new company to the Chicago, Minneapolis & Omaha company, whose 
interest, it seemed, was not to 1 mild this piece of road, soon dissipated that 
ihi >rf lived dream. 

At the legislative msmhh of iXNj a bill to bestow a grant of public land 
upon the last named company was considered and passed. Donald Stewart. 
an assemblyman for Walworth, moved an amendment requiring the company 
to pa) certain old claims held by citizens of the county againsl the old com- 
pany, The amendment failed of passage, hut Mr. Stewart signalized him- 
self li\ a speech that commanded hearing, though it had no further effect at 
M'adison. I lis opponents spoke in such high terms oi this speech that his 
constituents were nearly persuaded that in the combative farmer of Sugar 


Creek the county had found its ablest and stoutest representative, past, present, 
or likely soon to come, of its interests. He served another term, and then 
his district forgot him and his great speech. 

William R. Chadsey, one of the old Central company's building con- 
tractors, had some real or shadow}- rights in its forlorn road-bed, and these 
were more or less complicated by suits and cross-suits in the federal court at 
Milwaukee. Having himself outlasted whatever commercial credit he might 
once have had, he urged the attention of a few capitalists at New York to a 
railway map of Wisconsin. Thus they might see readily that time had but 
confirmed the wisdom of the first projectors in their choice of a way from 
Chicago to anywhere in the farther Northwest. Long lines had since been 
built on each side, leaving a rail-less belt of rich and highly improved farms, 
each with its enormous barn, wind-mill, and other evidences of wisely-directed 
and well-rewarded industry, and dotted with villages waiting but the railway- 
builder's touch to make them each a forever-flourishing city. Gen. William 
S. Rosecrans was called to their councils and was commissioned to come with 
Mr. Chadsey and see for them what had been done, what must be done, and 
to judge of the likelihood that enough local business could be assured to 
warrant the outlay. The two men went over the line from Lake Geneva to 
Portage, in July, 1883, and on reaching Whitewater found there a federal 
marshal's deputy awaiting them with papers, enjoining them to perform no 
act denoting possession of any part of the old line. Whatever ( feneral Rose- 
crans reported, it has not since appeared that the men at New York cared to 
invest in an endlessly complicated suit in the federal court. 

In [886 a new Wisconsin Central railway was built from Chicago, cross- 
ing the older lines from Kenosha and Racine at Fox River and Burlington, 
respectively, and entering Walworth county at Honey (reek, making a station 
at Lake Beulah, and passing through Waukesha county into the indefinite 
northwest. It is now known as the Chicago division of the Minneapolis, Saint 
Paul & Sault Sainte Marie railway system, controlling about four thousand 
miles of track. 

In [901 the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul company built its Chicago 
Tanesville and Madison division, crossing the towns of Linn and Walworth 
and a corner each of Sharon and Darien. Its stations within the county are 
Zenda (in Linn), Walworth village, and Bardwell, ai first named Tioga, in 

Two short but very useful electric lines at presenl complete the railway 
list of the county: from Harvard to Walworth village and Fontana in [899 
and from Milwaukee by way of Mukwonago to Ea ' I roy village in rc;o8, Men 


were securing rights of way in 191 1 for an electric line from Lake Geneva to 
Whitewater along the grades of the old Wisconsin Central company. Though 
this action does not assure an early has raised, in the minds of 
men. some renewal of old hope. 



The county board. January S. (846, adopted a resolution directing Sheriff 
Bell "to lease without rent the middle office on the east side of the hall in the 
court house for the use of an historical society whenever said society shall be 
formed in the county and shall desire the use of the same for a library and 
cabinet. Said lease to be completed and ended whenever the board of super 
visors shall so order, and said society is prohibited from keeping a fire and 
lights in said room without the special consent of the sheriff." It is not prob- 
able that the board thus acted on its own initiative, but quite likely that 
Messrs. Dwinnell and Gale had prepared its way. Fifty-three citizens signed 
a call for a meeting, to be held April 2d, to organize such a society!, but that 
date had been fixed for a school convention at Elkhorn, and the matter was 
neglected and forgotten. 

\ small county, its towns settled nearly simultaneously and having lie 
tween them no physical or other barrier: most of its permanent citizens known 
eacli to each in the transaction of public and private business, and not a few 
of them affected by ties of blood and marriage; the pioneer period only thirty 
years behind and vividly remembered — such a county is the natural home of 
an old settlers' society. So thought the men who met at the Farmers' Hotel, 
in the homelike village of Darien, March 30. [869, organized a new count) 
institution, and gave the old and the young of Walworth another yearly 1 1 < .It 
day. A constitution was adopted: a president, seventeen vice-presidents, a 
recording secretary, a corresponding secretary, a treasurer, and five executive 
committeemen were chosen; a day was fixed, October 5, [869, for the first 
yearly assemblage, on the fairground ai Elkhorn; and this constituent assem 
bly then adjourned. 

At the October meeting, the second Wednesday in June was appointed 
tor the county reunions; but, since [875, these meetings have been held on 
other June days and on other week day-. The sixth and seventh mi 
were held at Lake Geneva, the ninth and tenth at Delavan, the eleventh and 
twelfth at Whitewater. \11 the other meetings were held at the fair ground, 



It was resolved June 18, 1879, to take measures to procure the compila- 
tion and publication of a short, authentic history of the county with some 
accounts of the lives and characters of no longer living pioneers; to urge the 
co-operation of living pioneers and their children in the work of collecting 
data; to appoint a historical committee to receive the gathered information 
and to determine how much of it should be printed — the rest to be preserved 
with the records of the society, — and to authorize the committee to choose a 
suitable person as editor, who should prepare the selected matter for the 
printer. All expense incurred was to be paid from the society's fund and 
from proceeds of sales of the finished work. A special meeting was held at 
the court house, September 2, 1879, at which James Simmons, Stephen G. 
West and Rev. Joseph Collie were chosen as the historical committee, and a 
large sub-committee of one or more men of each town was appointed for the 
work of collecting data. The Western Historical Company (publishers), of 
Chicago, became aware of the society's purpose, and arranged with the com- 
mittee to take from Mr. Simmons the information — which must have been 
considerable — already accumulated, to finish the compilation, to canvass the 
county, and to deliver the completed work to subscribers. The book was as 
nearly faultless in plan and execution, editorial and mechanical, as most 
county histories of thirty years ago. Many of its minor errors might have 
been corrected had proofs been sent to Mr. Simmons for revision. The his- 
tory of each town closed with biographical sketches of notable citizens, nine 
hundred and ten in all. The compiler. William G. Cutler, of Milwaukee, was 
at almost infinite pains to secure full and accurate information. (His father. 
General Lysander Cutler, was one of the commanders of the Iron Brigade — 
men of Wisconsin, Indiana and Michigan — the fame of which should be 
deathless.) The book was published in 1882. 

The presidents of the society have been men whose names appear once 
or oftener in the official lists of the county and its towns, and hence most 
readers will readily assign each to his home ; 

Daniel Salisbury - March, [869 Charles R. Beach 1879 

Le Grand Rockwell- -October. [889 Stephen Gano West 1880 

Charles Minton Baker 1870, '71 Seymour I 'rooks 1881 

Perry Green Harrington 1872 Chester Deming Long 1882 

Cohn William Boyd [873, '74. '"? Cyrus Church 1883 

George Cotton ■ 1876 Avery Atkins Hoyt 1884 

Hiram Ashley Johnson 1877 Julius Allen Treat 1885 

Otis Preston 1878 William Densmore Chapin, 1 886, '93 



1887 Nelson West 1899 

1888 Dwight Sidney Allen 1900, '05 

1889 Henry George Hollister 1901 

1 S< h 1 Darwin P. Clough 1902 

1909 Theron Rufus Morgan 1903 

1892 Albert E. Smith 1904 

1894 William Allen Knilans T906 

1895 Alexander Hamilton Allyn 1907 

iS()f> James S. Reek (of Linn) 1908 

1897 Leonard Cyrus Church 1910 

1898 Walter F Babcock 191 1 

The corresponding secretary from 1869 to 18S1 was Edward Elderkin, 
except in 1872, when Peter Colder was chosen. The recording secretaries 
were : 

Carlos Lavallette Douglass 

Daniel Locke 

Simon Ruel Edwards 

Doric Chipman Porter 

Washington S. Keats 1891, 

Herman A. Briggs 

George Washington Wylie 

\.sa Foster 

James Simmons 

Mortimer Treat Park 

William Pitt Meacham 

James Simmons 1869 to 1881 

Levi E. Allen 1882 

Fred Willard [sham__i883 to 1889 
Jay Forrest Lyon, 1890 to 1894, '01 

Stephen R. Edgerton 1895, 1896 

Henry Henderson Tubbs, 1897 '98 

Wallace Hartwell 1899 

Le Grand Latham 1900 

Wilbur George \\eeks__1902. [903 

Francis Havilah Fames. 1904, 1905 

John Henry Snyder, Jr., 1906, 1907 

Norton E. Carter 1908 

George Olney Kellogg r 909 

Will Edmund Dunbar 1910 

James Elverton Brett 191 t 

Albert C. Beckwith was chosen in 1894, but could not serve, and thus 
Mr. Lyon added another year to his official usefulness. 

The duties of treasurer have been well discharged by: 

Hollis Latham 1869 to 1884 Fred Willard [sham 1901 

Charles Wales 1885 to 1896 Charles Dunlap 1902 to 1908 

Wallace Hartwell. 1897, 1898, 1900 Hark) Cornelius Nbrris 190*) 11 

Le Grand Latham 1899 

These yearly meetings, in the best of all the months, made opportunities 
for a few hours of reunion of such of the pioneer families as bad been neigh- 
bors and friends in their eastern homes, but had long been separated b\ nearh 
the county's width. There was for several years yet so much of the pioneer 
ways among them that it was not unusual to bring with them old-fashioned 
picnic baskets, well filled with the richness of this favored land, and the fair- 


ground buildings gave shelter when needed. Fortunate was the villager of 
Elkhorn, who, straying among the several groups, found at lunch time old 
or new friends from the county corners. For that once in the twelve-month 
such hungry, water-mouthed wight might do as "Governor Hartran-uft." 
who, it was told, "h'isted food at the Eisteddfod and stuffed, and stuffed, 
and stuffed." It was a custom, for a few of these earlier years, of good Elk- 
horners to supply the lunchers with enough coffee, sugar and cream for the 
day's need. The pioneers are gone, and a fourfold cord no longer hinds the 
society, but a threefold cord is still strong enough to hold together their suc- 
cessors. The year's business is generally dispatched with little debate and 
less dissenting vote. Domestic and imported speakers fling about their spells 
of woven words and waving arms, thus to hind indulgently consenting hearers 
to their hard seats and wearying standing places, alternating with band play- 
ers and douhle-quartette singers. Governors, congressmen and eminent 
thunderers at the bar of greater county seats have aforetime come this way 
in much desired June, and may conic in long aftertime to lend the day each 
his "small peculiar," and to see old Walworth in one of it- non-sectarian. 
non-partisan, uncommercial, unscheming aspects. 

The Walworth Count) Historical Society was incorporated August 29, 
1904, by ten members of the I'M Settlers' Society. It was not attempted, as 
in other years, to arouse the indifferent, nor to assemble unknown friends of 
such a movement. Mr. Page said to a friend, "Let us act at once." Eight 
more friends were ready for instant action, and the dream or hope of [846 
became a reality. Nine of these movers were named in the first officer list. 
which is yet unchanged 1 except as to treasurer) by election, resignation, re- 
moval, or death; and the tenth lies in a soldier's grave. In it- first report, in 
September, [904, to the State Historical Society of Wisconsin, to which the 
count) society is auxiliary, was shown a list of twenty members. Pursuant to 
provisions of chapter '150, statutes of 11)07. a room in the basemenl of the 
count \ courl building, well wanned and lighted and accessible, was in that 
year placed at the society's service for storage of it- bulkier collections 
\houi two hundred feet of shelving is crowded with its variously valuable 
printed matter. I low this societ) sees the task it ha- undertaken may he 
fudged, perhaps, from the following extract from it- reporl for 1006: 

"This hod)- is made up of intelligent members, who are therefore ca- 
pable of doing some useful work, and who. h\ the fad of their membership, 
ma\ be presumed to he willing so to contribute to the society's objects. ITo 
find and take some working part, greal or -mall. 1- to assure and increa - 
ch one's permanent interest in the institution we have founded. We have 


taken the first step, which costs; and movement forward at some fair rale, 
and continuously, is but a just expectation. Neither one nor a hundred willing 
minds and hands can do all that has been too long left undone; hut we can 
gather no inconsiderable fraction of the records and memories of the past 
and tlie passing, and can move onward with the ceaselessly coming. 

"A great collection of hooks, pamphlets, circulars, maps, charts, diagrams, 
pictures, autograph letters, and relics of real interest is very desirable; hut 
such matter will accumulate with comparatively little effort. The most im- 
portant division of our work — one that may yet give some distinction to our 
societv — is what each member or his friends may contribute: Manuscript 
accounts of early arriving families; of the earlier social life; of long-gone 
relatives and esteemed friends; of pioneer road-making; of abandoned high- 
wavs; of the growth of villages; of church building; of earlier schools; of 
business development, and changes therein; of the decay of certain industries 
and the causes thereof; of crop-, greatly above or below the average; of 
changes in the county landscape arising from known causes; of earlier 
caucuses, conventions, and public meetings; of various phases of public 
opinion; of early mail communication; of wayside taverns; of stage routes; 
of past generations — how they lived, how employed and amused themselves; 
where men and families came from, and whither they went for greener 
graves: of epidemic diseases and other notable calamities; of the personal 
appearance and distinctive qualities of men in public service, and similarly of 
law vers, physicians, and clergymen; of personal service in war; of local geo- 
graphical names now disused or not found on maps — in short, of things the 
like of which we mis- in the meager details of the histories of our ancestral 
Eastern towns, and which will he valuable in many ways to coming genera- 
tions, since they will show how men, women and children of the nineteenth 
and first decade of the twentieth centuries lived, thought and acted."' 


Adkins, Henry De Lafayette. Elkhorn 1904 

Beckwith, Albert Clayton. Elkhorn | 

Beckwitb, Edward Seymour (died), Elkhorn [904 

Hill. Dr. Benjamin Jephthah, Genoa Junction |'M<> 

Bradley, Henrj (died), Elkhorn [908 

*Bradley. William Mallory, Sail Lake City 1905 

Brett, Jame> Elverton, Springfield i9°5 

Carswell, Orland, Elkhorn |'>"| 


Child, William. Lafayette 19 06 

Cook, Daniel Seymour, Whitewater 19 11 

Derthick, Edna Lorene, Elkhorn I9°4 

*Douglass, Carlos Stewart, Fontana 19 10 

Eames, Francis Havilah, Elkhorn I9°4 

Fellows, Theodore A. (died), Genoa Junction 19 10 

Flanders, Joseph Taylor (died), Lyons 1909 

Frater, George William, Elkhorn I9°7 

Goff, Sidney Clayton, Elkhorn I9°8 

Harrington, Grant Dean, Elkhorn 19 10 

*Isham, Fred Willard, Elkhorn 1904 

Isham, Ruth Eliza (Wales), Elkhorn 1904 

Kellogg, George Olney, Elkhorn 1905 

*Kinne, Dr. Edward, Elkhorn I9°4 

Larnard, Ira Pratt, Delavan 19 11 

Lean, Frank William, Lagrange I9°5 

Lyon, Jay Forrest, Elkhorn I9°4 

Meacham. William Pitt (died), Troy 19 11 

Morgan, Theron Rufus (died). Elkhorn ■ 1905 

Morrison. Smith Baker, Elkhorn ■ I9°6 

Page. Jaw Wright. Elkhorn I9°4 

Rockwell. Le Grand, Elkhorn T9° 6 

Skiff. Benjamin Franklin. Flkhorn 1904 

Skiff, Tris Emeline (Stowe), Elkhorn I9°4 

Snyder, Clifford Francis. Munich 1906 

*Snyder. John Henry, Jr.. Elkhorn I9°4 

Sprague, Edward Harvey, Elkhorn . 1904 

Thomas. Katherine Wentworth, Elkhorn 1904 

♦Wales, Charles Marshall. New York 1904 

"West, Walter \anm. Elkhorn 1004 

Mr. Morgan died September 28, [905; E. S. Beckwith, May 28, 1009; 

Henry Bradley, August 17. [909; Captain Fellows died Fehruan 10. 1012; 

Mr. Flanders, December [6, [909. Asterisks denote members of the State 
Society. Officers, 1904-11)11: Beckwith, president: Lyon, vice-president; 
I. II. Snyder, secretary; Kinne, corresponding secretary; Eames, librarian: 
Carswell, treasurer; Page, F, W. [sham and Sprague, executive committee. 



Since no country nor generation of men is permitted to foreknow how 
much of its own literature shall live and become classic, it is, of course, yet 
too early to say what and how much of the Walworthian product of seventy- 
five vears will outlive contractor-built state houses and the everywhere seen 
triumphs of statuary art. If another Sidney Smith should ask who reads a 
book, goes to a play, looks at a picture or statue, of Walworthian make, or 
what the world owes to Walworthian science or industrial skill, the answer 
must be a re-echo of the unkindly needless question. But, if there is a great 
uncaring world outside of Walworth, there is, too, a modestly self-esteeming 
world-in-little within her borders — one which lives not alone by the products 
of her fertile acres. As vet it is true ( not too true, but simply true i that neither 
son nor daughter of one of these seventeen towns has gained greatest dis- 
tinction in literature or other form of art, or has greatly enlarged the domain 
of pure or applied science, or has added to the list of best-selling patent rights. 
But there were early signs and are yet tokens of aspiration in all these 

The foundations of written history, for this county, were laid chiefly by 
Mr. Dwinnell, Judges Gale and Baker, Prosper Cravath and James Simmons. 
Others have contributed their personal recollections and impressions, of less 
historical value, but interesting and useful. But if these five forethoughtful 
men had not made and preserved notes concerning men they knew and events 
in which they had a part, the county's history would be but gleanings from 
the broken files of newspaper, from the sometimes discontinuous official lists, 
and from the meager and disjointed minutes of clerks and secretaries of the 
courts and boards — often needing for their interpretation the intelligent mem- 
ory of men long ago dead. It is not much which these early chroniclers and 
annalists have left to posterity, hut. such as it is, it supplies the <\r\ bones of 
clerical entries with -Mine flesh and blood to give them more human aspect. 

Rev. Solomon A. Dwinnell, for nearly fourteen year- resident in La- 
fayette, removed in [850 to Reedsburg. lie then seems to have planned a 
history of the pioneer period of the count) he had left. lie made a 
considerable roll of scrappy notes — historical, descriptive, reminiscent and 


reflective. His papers contain autobiographical sketches, prepared at his re- 
quest by Dr. Mills and Judge Allen. In these papers Judge Allen, though not 
excessively diffident nor sparing of words, tells too little; while Dr. Mills, 
thought quite modest enough and not too lavish of words, tells too much. 
Mr. Dwinnell died in 1879, and Mrs. Dwinnell gave his manuscripts to the 
State Historical Society, and part of their contents have been published in 
that body's "Collections." 

Judge Gale made sixteen very orderly, legible and helpful foolscap pages 
of notes on the settlement and organization of the county, its early school 
meetings, temperance movements, and the first newspaper — his own. at Elk- 
horn in 1845. He knew that of which he wrote, and his accuracy may easily 
enough be trusted. His interest in public affairs was active and intelligent, 
and his judgment of men with whom he acted appears to have been calmly 
favorable — neither censorious nor eulogistic. 

ludge Baker's chief service to local history is contained in a paper first 
read at a meeting of old settlers in [869, then revised by himself and. with 
an introduction by Lyman C. Draper, published in the State Historical So- 
cietv. sixth volume of "Collections." It naturally lacks Judge Gale's concise- 
ness, since it covers a longer period of time and includes greatly more detail 
of local interest. His estimate of Judge Irvin proves himself an indulgent 
judge of his fellow men. 

fames Simmons published his carefully compiled "Annals of Lake Ge- 
neva." 222 pages octavo, in [897. lie was in every way qualified a- to judg- 
ment, taste and literary turn of mind, and by his personal knowledge and his 
wide acquaintance with men of the county, for the preparation of this valuable 
local history, lie should have been, had other pursuits allowed, the historian 
of the county. In such case, his work would have l>een done with all possi- 
ble fullness and accuracy, and in kindliest spirit — and in his own clear, grace- 
ful style. 

Prosper Cravath, surveyor and lawyer, and not unskilled in the art of 
telling himself "for many years really the foremost citizen of Whitewater" 
in tS;N published his recollections and impressions of the village a- he 
knew it between [837 and [857. This was in a series of articles for the 
Whitewater Register. Pitt X. Cravath began a continuation of his father's 
ik by compiling from the local columns of thai helpful newspaper. His 
friend. Spencer S Steele, who had promised to share the proposed labors, 
presently found himself sole compiler. Cravath's notes having been lost, Mr. 
Steele u.i- obliged to begin at [858, and he carried the work forward t" [868. 
The Civil war, as it affected the town and village, received full attention, and 


several circumstances of long later interest to soldiers and their friends are 
thus preserved permanently. In [906 these partial histories, with shod 
papers by Airs. Melinda I Mack) Pratt, Julius C. Birge, Mrs. Louise I Wood- 
bury 1 Palmiter. Daniel Seymour Cook. Mrs. Rachel O. (Shepard) Cook, 
Edwin D. Coe and Albert Salisbury, were published as "Annals of White- 
water," a duodecimo volume of 283 pages, edited by Prof. Salisbury and pub- 
lished by the "Federation of Women's Clubs in Whitewater." 

The newspaper, from 1845 onward, afforded an outlet for the breathing 
thoughts and unfrozen words of men who cared not to go to the length of 
pamphlet or book on politics, temperance, public morals, currency, state reve- 
nue and many another more or less fiercely burning question of their time; 
and on the less combustible topics of schools, farmers' interests and local im- 
provements. These articles, even if unsigned, were often, if not usually, too 
carefully thought and too ably and forcibly written to be mistaken for edi- 
torial effort; though editorship here was not inferior to that of other counties. 
At the least, these volunteer contributors gave wholesome variety to the 
weekly editorial entertainment. Among the occasional writers now mosl 
easily and clearly recalled were Judges Baker, Gale, Colder, Spooner and 
Wentworth, Cyrus Church. Cravath, Eastman, George Esterly, Milton Gard- 
ner. Osborn Hand, Dr. Henderson. Menzie, Dr. Reynolds, Simmons, H. F. 
Smith and A. S. Spooner. 

Whatever may be other or final judgment as to the relative merits of 
these men. considered as writers, for the purpose of this volume. Wvman 

S] ner is placed first. He thought with deliberate care, and wrote like a 

master of that classic English prose of which his long study and great love 
had availed him much, preferring "high seriousness," but not scornful of oc- 
casional lighter graces of literary composition. Mr. Church wrote of (he 
earlier schools of Walworth, in new-paper articles preserved in the Historical 
Society's much-containing scrap-books. Mr. Hand, a nearly self-taught 
teacher and very thorough in the rudiments, had also read the English classics 
with pleasure and profit: but his written matter was less weighty than 
Spooner's. He had some eccentricities in conversation, but he wrote candidly 
and clearly. Hi-; friend. Eastman. loved paradox so well that hi- simpler- 
minded friends knew not when he was sincere. Dr. Samuel Win Henderson 
wrote in the spirit of the duelisl who lire- to kill, and sometimes illustrated 
with hi- own jack-knife "it white pine, a- wickedly Funny as Nast's pictorial 
persecution-, though in other ways quite unlike. Menzie wrote with much 
abilitv and vigor, but a- if duly retained, like a practical lawyer. Mr. 
Simmons was possessed of nearly all the mental, moral and personal qualities, 


and in not noticeably lower degree, that lie so generously ascribed to Judge 
Baker. It is not unlikely that he had a finer, nicer literary sense than his 
friend; though one would not willingly compare these men to the lessening of 
either. He wrote with a natural grace of his own and with seeming ease, 
though his materials were often enough collected with patient care. He could 
write in terms of partisan warfare, but that was not his chosen task. In his 
later life he was employed in "digesting" the vast bulk of decisions of the 
higher courts of New York and of Wisconsin. His older fellow citizens had 
long hoped that whenever Judge Golder should lay off the burden of the 
county judgeship its honors and salary would pass to such a worthy suc- 
cessor; but a little- revering generation gave a small plurality to a younger 
man, a nearly newcomer, though Mr. Simmons was second among four candi- 
dates. The other aforenamed writers wrote with much ability, and with 
more or less vigor and elegance, like decently educated gentlemen, but with 
no strongly marked distinctiveness of style. 

In newspaper editorship the highest place must be accorded, as his birth- 
right and his conquest, to Edwin Delos Coe. He was equipped for duty by 
various experiences, as student, soldier, lawyer, before he began "to turn the 
crank of an opinion mill" at Whitewater. The Register had always been one 
of the best village newspapers in the state. Mr. Coe soon placed it beside the 
"first among equals." His well-filled local page reflected his most likable 
personality, and he was not hidden or disguised in his incomparable editorial 
column. I k- wrote with no air of superior wisdom or authority, but bestowed 
freely upon his fellow editors his professional and personal courtesy, which 
fell like the dew of ITermon upon the half-deserving and the nearly undeserv- 
ing, lie affected nothing, not even modesty, though never a man with a press 
at his hark was less self-assertive. When the sterner duty of a party organ 
called upon him to smite and spare not, his pen became indeed a wea]>on of 
offense. I If was wholly free from editorial or literary jealous), hut over- 
generously gave others "more praise than niggard truth would willingly im- 
part." In short, lie brought to his work' learning, world-knowledge, judg- 
ment, tact, insight, wide-ranging fellow feeling, humor, and with these all 
the armory of wordy war. 

Major Shepard S. Rockwood, an infant settler of Lafayette, ex-soldier, 
normal school professor of literature and mathematics, poet, elocutionist and 
scholar in politics, was in his own way as editorially Forceful as Coe and 
more industrious and laborious, lie wrote with the precision, directness and 
conclusiveness of geometrical demonstration. As a means to his political ad- 
vancement he bought the senior paper at Elkhorn, in 1882, and for one vear 


edited even' line of it, even to its stereotype plates. He made the Independent 
a positive quantity and an appreciable force in Wisconsin newspaperdom. 
His hope was to sit in the Assembly of 1883 and in the forty-ninth and sub- 
sequent Congresses; but the men of the district which he had left in boyhood 
and to which he had but lately returned, knew little of him, except that he 
seemed "too far up the gulch" for them. Besides. 1882 was a politically bad 
year for many another honorably aspiring citizen. He passed early in [883 
to a daily paper at Janesville, and thence to the Register, at Portage, where 
he died in 1905. 

Ely B. Dewing's education was of common schools and printing offices. 
He had an early liking for the best in literature, and his style was formed, 
not by conscious or unconscious imitation of any of the masters, but by catch- 
ing something of the breath and finer spirit of many. He never accepted him- 
self as a great writer, and thence, perhaps, was a greater than he knew. His 
knowledge of men best worth knowing was not so state-wide as that of Coe, 
Rockwood or Cravath; but his work and ways were not provincial. To these 
contemporary editors he was not a jealous rival, but a kindred soul. As act- 
ing editor of the Independent from mid-1884 to the end of 18S8. he gave 
that paper some distinction in Wisconsin pressdom. His was within that 
golden period when Horace Rublee, John Xagle. Governors Hoard and Peck, 
Lute Niemann, James Monahan, Nicholas Smith. Champion Ingersoll and 
Colonel Watrous gave wholesome substance and variously pleasing and stimu- 
lant flavor to editorial discussion and local commentary. 

In most ways different from these three rare spirits, though in his own 
way fit to make them four, was Pitt Noble Cravath. Apparently unlike' his 
father and mother in body, mind and spirit, though, no doubt, he was in some 
way their true heir, he seemed rather Gallic than Anglo-Saxon. Tie was 
readily drawn to new things in politics, but not disposed to overturn the social 
order, and he loved the clamor of partisan discussion — himself one of the 
noisiest, but least likely to degenerate to demagogism or fanaticism. The 
work of party organization was very much to his liking. His paper, al first 
named the "Ptiddingstick." was edited with sufficient vivacity and originality, 
but did not much reflect his personal qualities. Ili^ tongue, organ of his 
impulsiveness, might move him to much radical utterance: hut his pen sub- 
dued him to editorial decorum. A second newspaper at a city or village of 
Walworth may bring a little fleeting fame, hut it requires mure than brilliant 
editorship to make it live and support a family, 1 ravath had other abilities, 
and the county was not yet ready for political revolution and reconstruction. 

In their own day it was good fortune to know these four editors, and it 


is yet pleasant to such as live and remember, though it be regretfully, to have 
known them. It was not editorship that passed away with their death or re- 
tirement, but only the quality or flavor that each gave it from his own person- 
ality. Men whose shadows now lengthen in the low westering sun may re- 
call, without morbidness, the memory of thing's that "come not back with time 
and tears." 

It would be as easy to tell who first broke the surface of the county with 
a factory-made garden spade as to name the first to "build the lofty rhyme." 
She may have been one of the Misses Bigfoot, in Algonquin elegiacs, not 
translatable without damage to its sense and beauty. He may have been 
Christopher Payne, whose life was a Homeric epic, and whose precious manu- 
script may have been destroyed in the war with Brink. Since chronological 
order is impossible, no order at all may answer here. 

If this county ever really had a poet the critics must determine between 
George W. Steele and Shepard S. Rockwood. In 1904 Mr. Steele published 
a small volume, "Dierdre, a Tale of Erin, and Other Verse." The legends of 
the Celtic maiden are as numerous as those of the Arthurian heroines, and 
tlu- lawyer of Whitewater owed nothing to Mr. Yeats. It is not the general 
purpose here to assort, grade or appraise the poetic product of the county, but 
a few words may not lie useless. The diction and idiom of these poems are 
English and intelligible, neither "gaud} nor inane." There is in them neither 
Greek nor Browningese, no affectations of obsolete words and grammar, even 
those of Chaucerian or Spenserian kind or flavor, no ingenious coinages, no 
new licenses or excess of old ones, no patent-applied- for philosophy of life, 
nebulous metaphysics, questioning of omnipotent purpose, and not too much 
of Arnoldian high seriousness. Neither is there more echo of the ancient and 
modern (lassies than one likes to meet in reading new authors. If these nega- 
tives do not prove this volume poetry, they may indicate that the author 
wrote with judgment and taste, and that his work may claim fairly thus much 
ii' 'I ice in this compilation. 

The total sum of Major Rockwood's published poetry would not till 
more than ,1 vest-pocket volume, lie was not unknown as a paid contributor 
to Eastern magazines, and wrote poems for greal occasions One of his more 
notable efforts "l" the latter kind, recited in his intense manner of declama- 
tion t" a state mass meeting "i Republicans at Madison in 1880, was said to 
have drawn iron tears down Zachariah Chandler's cheeks, lu his not too 
frequent lighter moods Rockwood dropped into politico-satirical lyrics; but. 
in general, his muse was a well behaved, sobei minded member of the sacred 
nine, lie had strong common sense and well controlled feeling, and also sense 


of poetic form with feeling for the sweetness of unheard melody. Thus, his 
thought was not commonplace, his expression mawkish, nor his lines left 

Most spontaneous, facile, fluent of home poets was in the fifties, a young 
man of Elkhorn, at once, and in proportions about equal, a poet, mechanical 
inventor, journalist and critic. Horace Lucian Arnold's fast-driven pen 
dropped eight-syllable rhymed couplets as if their flow were endless, and no 
verse form was beyond its achievement. This promising young man's poetical 
reading had given him a standard for measurement of his own product, and 
he was too self-critical to print his clever crudities. Nor would he revise. 
recast, or redress them. It was easier to write a wholly new poem tonight 
than to perfect last night's work. In the course of more than fifty years he 
has contributed poems, stories, reporter work, reviews, mechanical and scien- 
tific discussion to the press of Chicago, New York, Edinburgh and elsewhere. 
Though his work has never quite reached greatness, it is virile, and it usually 
compels some reader's attention. A collection, with due selection, of his 
lyrics would show that here was one more of Walworth to whom poetrv was 
not a thing of rhyme-ends onlv. 

The county has known and sometimes honored its own song writers, 
poets of occasions and casual contributors to the poet's corner. Rev. Henry 
De Lancey Webster, Ely B. Dewing. John L. Forrest, John T. Wentworth, 
James Simmons. S. Fillmore Bennett, Charles H. Burdick and Mrs. Harriet 
Marian | Perkins) Leland are among the best remembered. Of the living 
there are many more, no doubt, than can be named here; and their modest 
merit is known to a few friendly readers. Though the wide world may never 
find out these younger children of the muse, the sweetness of a well- 
remembered line, stanza, or poem may linger yet long in some kindly memory. 
Seth Knapp Warren, son of the pioneer mill owner, had more education 
and a better reading habit than most of his schoolmates at Lake Geneva, and 
in later life turned more than the\ to the story of the universe, as told bj the 

"i" and the later scientists He digested his reading at leasl partially, and 
the resull of his reading and thinking or musing was a bound volume of 

ii\ four small pages, printed at home in [888. His matter is chiefly a 
compact and generall) fairly and temperately worded, though possibly in- 
accurate restatement of the theorj of evolution a- to the origin of stars and 
solar system-. His own attitude is indicated in few words at page i (.: "Bui 
until some theorj i which can show clearly that thi i natural 

powers * * * could form solar stems, with all their motions, from 
chaos we would better follow and teach the biblical accounl of creation; as ii 


is, even in its literal sense, the most reasonable that has ever been written." 
He objects to science that while it has found much of the laws of the universe, 
it lias wholly failed to find the law-giver ; and he shrewdly takes into his ac- 
count the differences he finds among scientists. His work had the approval 
of the late Rev. Isaac N. Marks, of the Episcopal church at Lake Geneva. 
It is at least easy to read, for it is seasoned with fewest technical terms and 
is wholly free from mathematical formulae and scientific tabulations. Mr. 
Warren wrote and talked like an intelligent gentleman, and he had, moreover, 
some artistic tastes and aspirations. 

In the art of musical composition the county for long heard but one 
name, that of Joseph P. Webster, who came from Racine to Elkhorn in 1857 
as a teacher of music. Between that year and his death in 1875, it is believed, 
he produced most of his songs, cantatas and other compositions. His pub- 
lishers were Higgins & Company. Lyon & Healy and Root & Cady, of Chi- 
cago, and Ditson, of Boston. A flood of newer music has half-effaced the 
recollection of his once familiar titles, though nut all have thus been retired 
from public favor. The little story of one of these seems worth preserving. 

In 1865, L. J. Bates, of Detroit, submitted to Lyon & Healy the words 
of a song and asked for a suitable composer. He was advised to write to 
Air. Webster, and in the same year these publishers put forth "It Will Be 
Summertime, By and By," words by L. J. Bates, music by J. 1'. Webster. It 
is not here known how much favor this song found, but it is recalled that it 
was sung at the dedication of the Normal School at Whitewater in 1870. 
Five four-line stanzas, with each a varying five-line chorus, contained these 
lines, the second of each chorus: "Wait we the dawn of the 
bright by and by; Watch for the day-star of the dear by and 1>\ : I 'ray for 
the dawn of the sweet by and by; Is there, oh! is there a glad by and by: 
Herald the dawn of the blest by and by." The closing lines of these choruses 
were: "It will lie summertime by and by; Earth will be happier, bv and by; 
Truth will be verified, by and by; Faith will be justified, by and by; Right 
will be glorified, by and by." The principal lines recited the several wrongs 
endured by poor humanity. 

These lines seemed to Mr. Webster to express the thought which he had 
no skill to utter but in music, and their writer became at once his dear friend. 
One of these phrases he repeated so often that another song-writer in 1868 
fol'owed its hint and gave it a new setting. Mr. Webster went home, and 
choosing from his store of musical memoranda that which besl suited his sense 
of the occasion's propriety, he worked out with his habitual care and patience 
the "Sweet By and By." on which the world lias been pleased to rest his 


fame as a composer. For him there was no such word as '"impromptu" in art. 
Passages, long 01 short, might he "inspired," but the entire and perfect work 
must be reached by the methods of other artists, lie worked by the laws of 
his own intellect and feeling, which he obeyed because he could not suspend 
or change them. He was self-critical, and he knew well when he could work 
and when he must wait. Xo publisher could urge him, no fellow-composer 
advise him, no friend lead him. He was little critical as to the literary quality 
of songs offered him. but only required that their sentiment should be humane 
and decent, and that harsh consonantal sounds should be filed to smoothness. 

Frank S. Harrington I 1 854-1909), a son of Nicholas M. Harrington, of 
Delavan and Darien, became at an early age a singer of more than usual prom- 
ise. Fncouraged by the friendly appreciation and advice of Professor Web- 
ster, he subjected himself to thorough training in the principles of musical 
composition, and for several years was known to eastern publishers as a com- 
poser of organ music. At the time of bis death he seemed on the way to 
greater distinction in his art. 

The schools of Boston. London, Paris and Rome have drawn from the 
county several pupils of the higher culture and instruction in vocal and instru- 
mental music. The art of hearing music is also cultivated, and the lights of 
the operatic or lyric stage draw yearly hundreds of hearers to Chicago and 
Milwaukee, each for at least one evening's soul-felt delight. Such singers and 
performers of national fame as do not scorn the smaller audiences find ap- 
preciative hearers at the cities of Walworth. Local philharmonic clubs lend 
their not negligible influence to elevate the public taste for immortal music. 
In olden time, too, the county has had its string bands, cornetists, flutists, 
pianists and vocalists, their various performances, once thought incompara- 
ble, yet recalled as remembered pleasures. 

The palette and brush have drawn many young men and maidens aside 
from commoner things, though few have persevered, and fewer are within 
any one person's present recollections. This, of course, by reason of their 
long absence. One of these was John Bullock, at Lake Geneva, who painted 
landscapes with some success and who seemed born for further achievement 
hail not fate been untoward. David Walling Humphrey, a school boy at 
Elkhorn and art student at Chicago, has won recognition among artists. 
William T. Thorne, of Delavan, has reached a high place as a portrait painter, 
and has his studio at New York. Adolph T. Schultz, also of Delavan, lianas 
his landscapes at the Chicago Art Institute. Clifford Francis Snyder, of Elk- 
born, practiced as a doctor of dental surgery for some years at Berlin, having. 
though a young man. imperial patronage, for American dentistry was then in 


high favor there. He sold his business and placed himself under Benjamin 
Constant's instruction at Paris, and later under that of Albert Nieuwhuis, at 
Laren, Holland. From boyhood his aptness in portrait drawing was marked. 
He went in jcjoo to "Munich, there to sojourn, it may be, until overtaken by 
fame, wealth, or death. 

Oratory, as an art. has had here but one true votary, namely, John 
Luther Lamkin (1854-1896), of that part of Sharon town called South 
Grove. He wedded himself to a possibly original theory of his art: in effect, 
that voice and action are all, — if, only the voice be trained to the hoarseness 
of thunder and the action be suited to the orator's conception of the beauti- 
fully terrific in muscular motion. His words need have no meaning, if but 
polysyllabic and sonorous. He imagined or boasted that he could crack a 
plate glass window by an abrupt emission of sound from the lower cells of his 
lungs. But Lamkin threw thunderbolts gracefully, and his meeting, saluting, 
passing, parting, even on the street, were fine-art illustrations. For the 
rest, he was a thrifty farmer and a worthy citizen. 

Since 1856 the only lawyers who seem to have cultivated a great forensic 
style were Norton and Ingalls. William C. Norton was son of a farmer of 
Lafayette. I lis voice and manner were somewhat dramatic. Inn lie was re- 
garded as a forceful speaker. None better than he could raise an ant-hill 
matter to the height of the tree tops, and none could better move his client 
to self-pitying. Wallace [ngalls, a native of Linn, acquired an agreeable and 
effective delivery and never forgot to adjust his words and actions to the 
needs of his carefully considered matter. Alphonso G. Kellam, Alfred D. 
Thomas, Thompson 1). Weeks and Charles B. Sumner never attempted the 
higher flights; but the) are Favorablj remembered for their clear, candidly 
persuasive and gentlemanly manner of laying their cases before jurors — often 
the most effective eloquence. Each of these men was often called upon as 
speaker for more public occasions. None of them, excepl [ngalls, now at 
Racine, is yet living. 



The formation of local temperance societies began at Spring Prairie as 
early as 1838. In this work the men and women of Delavan, Elkhorn, Geneva, 
and Whitewater were but a few weeks or months behind Mr. Dwinnell's 
neighbors. At Lake Geneva. December 25, 1839, a temperance society was 
formed by fifty citizens, at Mr. Baker's house: Benjamin Ball, president; 
John Chapin, vice-president; Charles M. Baker, secretary; Charles M. Good- 
sell, William K. May and Morris Ross, executive committee. In the autumn 
of 1843 a county society of Wasbingtonians was formed at a meeting as- 
sembled at the -court house. Its officers were Doctor Mills, president ; William 
A. Bartlett and Jarvis K. Pike, vice-presidents; James Simmons, secretary; 
George Gale, treasurer; James O. Eaton, Solomon A. Dwinnell and Expe- 
rience Estabrook, executive committee. No further record of this societv is 
found, but among well-remembered and oft-repeated names of organizers and 
sympathizers are those of Ball, Baker, the Goodsells, Hall, Lake. McNish, 
the Phoenixes, Potter, the Spooners, Sturtevant, Topping and Vail. 

These early movements were followed by a continuous line of societies 
similar in form and devoted to like purpose, namely: By moral suasion to 
induce men to become total abstainers from the products of the distillery, 
brewery, wine-vat and cider-press Closely after them came, first, the Sons of 
Temperance, then the Good Templars. — both continuing with varying acti\it\ 
and energy until all such societies, with their doctrines and rituals, became 
supplanted by or merged in politically organized prohibitionism. Hut the 
growth of total abstinence, as a habit of life rather than as a moral dogma 
professed, is not exactly measurable by the number of votes counted lor the 
Prohibitionist party ticket. 

Until 1871 the statutory fee for bar-room license was nol less than twen 
ty-five nor more than fort) dollars. In 1873 the higher limit was made one 
hundred dollars, and in [874 one hundred and fiftj dollars. | n September, 
1889. pursuant to a new statute, the villages voted separately to determine if 
flu- fee should be two hundred and fifty dollars, three hundred and fifty 
dollar-, or five hundred dollars, and the highest sum prevailed. When the 



license fee was lowest it went, appropriately enough', to the poor fund : when 
increased it went to road and street fund ; it is now part of the general fund 
of cities, villages and towns. The effect of the higher fee has not heen 
to reduce the number of drinking places — nor, perhaps, to increase it. though 
there are more licenses issued than before. 


The several affiliated societies, fraternal and benevolent, found here at 
once a friendly atmosphere; for, within and without the lodge rooms, Wal- 
worth is sociable and neighborly. Freemasonry began almost with the villages, 
and, though it has felt some alternations of zeal and luke-warmth, it has with- 
stood the assaults of well-meaning opponents at home and of wandering 
apostles from Wheaton. It was never healthier in body and spirit than it is 
here in 1911. Its feminine ally, the Order of the Eastern Star, also finds favor 
here as elsewhere about the states. The list of lodges, past and present, is 
shown as follows: 

Harmony Xo. 12, Delavan (with Elkhorn), discontinued in 1859. 

St. James No. 41, East Troy, chartered in 1853. 

Geneva No. 44, Lake Geneva, chartered in 1853. 

St. John's No. $y. Whitewater, chartered in 1855. 

Elkhorn No. yy. Elkhorn, chartered in 1856. 

Sharon No. 116, Sharon, chartered in [859. 

Delavan No. 121, Delavan, chartered in [860. 

I >arien No. 126, Darien. chartered in i860. 

Spring Prairie No. 1 .V- Spring Prairie, discontinued 1904. 

Geneva Junction Xo. 250, Geneva Junction, chartered in [894. 

Walworth Xo. 286, Walworth, chartered in [903. 

There are Four Royal Arch chapters: Elkhorn Xo. 17. Union 1 at Lake 
Geneva) Xo. 28, Delavan Xo. 38, Whitewater Xo. 00. A commandery of 
the Masonic degrees of knighthood, at Delavan, is numbered 33. 

Odd Fellowship had also an early foothold, and ha^ not yel yielded 
wholly to the rivalry of the younger orders. Knights of Pythias, Modern 
Woodmen, Catholic Knights and Knights of Columbus have each established 
their claim to recognition as a part of modern social life. 

The Grand Army of the Republic, its membership limited by the lives 
of one generation of men, is by that circumstance peculiarly conditioned. Its 
normal growth was rapidly upward, reaching its maximum within a few years, 
after which it^ course must he steadily downward until nothing hut its records 


and its few relics shall be left as reminders that such a post-bellum comrade- 
ship once existed. Its several posts are named and numbered thus: 

Abraham Lincoln No. 3, Darien ; George H. Thomas No. 6, Delavan ; 
James B. McPherson No. 27, Lake Geneva; Charles E. Curtice No. 34. White- 
water; Rutherford B. Hayes No. 76. Elkhorn; Henrv Conklin No. 171. East 
Troy ; Duane Patten No. 270, Sharon. 


Proceeding under provisions of chapter 419, statutes of 1905. two-thirds 
or more of the interested owners of land lying along Turtle creek and marsh 
filed their petition, November 1, 1908, to the circuit court for the establish- 
ment of the Turtle Creek Drainage District. Charles Dunlap, Henry D. 
Barnes and John G. Meadows were appointed commissioners, and took the 
oath of office April 19, 1909. Thev were empowered to survey and determine 
such ditch lines as they should find practical and expedient, to appraise bene- 
fits and damages, and on acceptance of their report to let the contract and see 
it faithfully performed. Henry H. Tubbs was employed as civil engineer. 
There were several ineffectual remonstrances received and filed, and on June 
26, 191 1. the contract was filed. The work is practically begun. The main 
ditch begins in section 14 of Richmond, and ends in section 6 of Delavan, its 
course generally that of the creek. Its length is 5.94 miles, depth four to 
seven feet, with a fall of 14.93 teet - Four lateral ditches — one from section 
19 of Sugar Creek — have a total length of 5 25 miles, with fall varying be- 
tween 9.15 and [5.2 feet. These nearly eleven miles of ditching and dredging 
will cost nearly $38,000, and will drain 3.188 acres. The work includes thirty- 
four bridges or crossings. 


A similar petition of owners along the great Hone) creek marsh was 
filed in the circuit clerk's office April 13. [910. Judge Belden appointed Walter 
A. Babcock, Charles H. Nott and George B. Cain as commissioners and these 
men took the official oath October 8, [910. ( In this, as in the other com- 
mission, the member first named is chairman, the second is secretary, and the 
third is treasurer.) Their report has been accepted, the contract will be let 
early in T912. and the work will begin without delay. The main ditch, from 
a point in section 25 to a point near the middle of section 31, is 3.375 miles 
long, two to twelve feet deep, and lias eighteen feet fall. There are seven 


lateral ditches with total length of 8.75 miles. These ditches will be crossed 
by thirty-eight bridges, one of which will cost $1,500. This work will re- 
cover or improve 4,832 acres of land, at a cost of nearly 850,000. 


At the session of the county board, November, 191 1, Herman J. Peters, 
of Sharon, was chosen county commissioner of roads. This was in accord- 
ance with a statute providing for a state system of road-making. 


Pursuant to a statute of 19] 1 the office of supervisor of assessments has 
been abolished, and that of assessor of income tax created. The first ap- 
pointee, in 19 1 2, is William Francis Dockery, of Whitewater. 


Not every man of older Walworth was entirely content to hoe in prairie 
mould or drudge in village labor for plain subsistence and scant\" savings. 
Hardy men went, in iN-|.<) and after years, around Cape Horn and across 
plains and Sierras fur the gold of California and Pike's Peak, and a few 
came back rich in one kind of experience. Other men, in another way adven- 
turous, confided part of their little surplus to the keeping of the beneficent 
lottery, and the example of one who drew $3,000 was for long set forth in 
Mons. Dauphin's advertisements and circulars as proof that they only can 
win greatly who risk a little. Thu>. the sanguine projectors and reckless 
schemers ol a later period did not break new ground here. 

The return of gold and silver to general circulation, after seventeen 
years of irredeemable paper currency, gave rebirth to business of every kind 
in 1X71). Monetary panics were thought to have been at last retired to the 
limbo of serfdom, judicial torture, the death penalty for petty felonies, and 
other relics of the barbarous pasl Confidence soon became extravagant 
hope — prolific parent of a few successes and many failures. Speculators of 
the type of -elf deluded John Law, of Lauriston, and operators of the tribe 
of Montague Tigg, of Pall Mall, flung their enchantments broadcast, and 
with such effecl that for a few months not a few men seemed so bereaved of 
their usually better judgment thai prudence was out of date and even com: 
men ial honoi a barren ideality. Projects, from legitimate to lawless, inviting 
inexperienced investors, increased like insects, and men's day-dreams and mi- 


sound sleep were rilled with visions of sudden wealth. Among the myriad 
temptations were lots in new cities of the South and West and in new sub- 
urbs of old cities everywhere between tbe poles, farm lands from Assiniboia 
to the Arctic circle, mines of all the metals from aluminum and antimony to 
yttrium and zirconium and of minerals from anthracite to zinc-blende, rail- 
ways across every continent, oil wells, silk without cocoons, — in fine, gold 
from seawater, sunbeams from cucumbers, something from nothing. 

Most of these several short roads to riches were in effect one: to buy 
printed certificates of shareholding and watch the markets hourly for first 
indications of coming showers of the world's chief desire. A local annalisl 
has told of one who. living but to make his fellowmen quick-process mil- 
lionaires, took real estate and personal property in exchange for shares and 
came to own one-sixth part of the area of his home village. There were 
about a dozen of these guides to Aladdin's cave who were citizens of the 
countv, most Of whom were involved with their clients in the collapse of 
their undertakings. The period of greatest local interest to investors and 
onlookers was 1885-7. The county was not, as a whole, made poverty 
stricken, and speculation did not end with the memorable rise and fall of thai 
period, but became of less public concern. 


A tragi-comic affair was said in the next day's Independent to have 
taken place at an evening session of the circuit court. March 31, [859. A 
man most improbably named "Burorecy" flung a tobacco quid at somebody 
within the bar. The shot hit ex-Judge Cowdery's bald seal]) and. ricochetting, 
struck Judge Xoggle's left eye. The startled Judge losl his balance and 
knocked over a lamp filled with the compound of camphene and alcohol, then 
sold as "burning fluid," spilling it- extra-dangerou contents upon Sheriff 
Stone and thence upon ex-Sheriff Pern, whose coat tails caught fire. In 
the sudden movements of men— tor a wonder, in the dark -the clerk's bai 
was nearly broken, the stove-drum and pipe knocked down, and a general 
combat followed in which Messrs. Clarke, Farr, Keep. Kellogg, Lyon and 
Menzie were more or less battered or ruffled. Oi course, tin- account was 
intentionally made extravagant and impossible, M , to confuse the public mind 
as to what had actually taken place, — which, most likely, was some breach of 
court decorum by two lawyers not named. Tin- date of publication, too, 
may have helped to suggesl to reader- thai all this was but the local reporter's 
"joke of the season." But FTotchkiss & Leland were to., editorially caution- 


to take such liberty with the names of judges, sheriffs, and lawyers without 
some slight foundation of truth for it. The fact that the following Tuesday 
was judicial election day may have disposed Xoggle, Keep and Lyon to let 
the voters laugh the matter into forgiveness and speedy forget fulness. 


Before a system of common schools could 1>e evolved children were as- 
sembled in small groups at the larger log dwellings for private instruction. 
Many of the teachers were moved by their sense of duty toward those whose 
education seemed too likely to be arrested indefinitely — for some of them — in- 
effect, to the marring of all later life. Such names of these teachers as have 
been preserved from the wreck of the unrecorded past, and are available for 
present use, are too few for imposing tabulation. Dates assigned to teachers 
at Elkhorn are conjectural, but nearly correct. 

In 1837 Mrs. Rebecca A. Vail, in a room over Andrew Ferguson's store, 
at Lake Geneva. She was the wife of James W. Vail, an early settler of 
East Troy, and afterward lived at Milwaukee. 


Louisa Augier, at East Troy ; daughter of Robert Augier, of that town 
Mary S. Brewster (1816-1910), at Spring Prairie, daughter of Deodat 
Brewster, of Geneva (Mrs. Edward Pentland). 
Julia Dyer, at Delavan. 
Mrs. Ladd, of Mukwonago, at Troy. 
Juliette Merrick, at Gardner's Prairie; daughter of ('"1. Perez Merrick. 

1 840. 

Olive Hooker (aged fourteen), at Lafayette: twenty pupils. 

Mary S. Brew ster, 1 '.cne\ ,1. 

Ruth A. Bunnell, Lafayette. 

Lydia ( "an-, Elkhorn. 

Mrs. Mary Carter. Darien. 

Hannah M. ("lark. Walworth: eighteen dollars for summer term. 

Melissa I Cornish, I .agrange. 

I"lm M Lewis, Walworth: eighty dollars Tor winter term. 

Chester I). Long, Darien. winter term. 

Adeline Met Yaeken. Sugar (reek. 


Theodoras Bailey Northrop, Lafayette; private school, term finished by 
Eben Whitcomb. 

Sheldon C. Powers, of East Troy, at Whitewater; district school. 
Mrs. Adeline M. (Seaver) Carter. 
Dr. John Stacy, of and at Lake Geneva. 
Airs. Electa (King) Ward, Bloomfield. 
Mrs. Moses D. Williams. Walworth. 


Mary S. Brewster, Elkhorn : district school. 
Edward Elderkin, Elkhorn. 
Sarah Perrin. Lafayette. 


Marietta Chapman, Lafayette; fifteen pupils. 
George W. Hoyt, of Rochester, Lafayette; winter term. 
Harriet Lyon. Hudson, a daughter of David Lyon. 
J. B. Hunt, Whitewater. 

I 843- 

Adelaide C. Beardsley — at first for religious instruction, afterward a 
district teacher at Elkhorn. 

Lydia Chapman, Lafayette (Mrs. Edward Winne). 
Henry Farrington, Lafayette. 
Gracia Ward, Linn. 


Generally, events here noted are not mentioned elsewhere in this work. 
Many more of at least equal interest might have been included had the) been 
within the narrow range of one person's knowledge or opportunities for find- 
ing and placing them in true order of time. 

July 10, 1836. — Colonel Phoenix preached to fifteen persons — all the 
neighborhood but one family — at Dr. Hememvay's. Four of these professed 
religion. Daniel Salisbury prayed, and all sang. Jul) 17th. the Colonel 
preached to the Hemenway family, Palmer Gardner, David I 'ran and daugh- 
ter, and Mr. Salisbury. Two of these nodded and Doctor Hemenway fell 
fast asleep. At the close of service seven more persons came in. 

July 4. 1837. — A dance al Othni Beardsley's house, Troy. 


June 15. 1839. — William Birge vs. Willard B. Johnson, first suit dock- 
eted in Zerah Mead, Esq.'s court, Whitewater. In this year a sovereign's 
court, for settling disputed land claims, was assembled at Whitewater. A 
territorial road was made from Rochester to Madison, through Spring Prairie, 
Troy, Lagrange and Whitewater. 

lulv 4. [840. — Celebration at Whitewater. Dr. James McNisih, of 
.Geneva, spoke on intemperance and slavery, at William Birge's big barn. 
Milwaukee Weekly Sentinel taken by subscribers at Whitewater. 

\pril 25, 1842. — A county agricultural society organized. 

1843. — A series of revivalist meetings held at Whitewater. 

1844. — A good harvest season; wheat, twenty-five bushels per acre. Tax 
on Whitewater Hotel eighty-four cents. 

August 8, 1845. — Date of Western Slur, Elkhorn, Vol. 1. Xo. 1. 

1841;. 1850, 1851. — A series of increasingly had years for farmers, called 
the "pink-eye years." 

[851.- A flood swept away several dams in the southern towns 

[854- An epidemic of Asiatic cholera. 

lune — , 1858. Dams at Duck Lake and Lyons bursted by freshet. 

1 800. — An exceptional year for wheat crop. The county's surplus esti- 
mated at one million bushels. The crop for the state was largest of any 
in the union. 

April 2, [867. — Willis Clarke, colored, elected town sealer for White- 

[873-4. — Organization of Patrons of Husbandry — Grangers — through- 
out the county. 

Inly 23, 1874. — Destructive hurricane at Lake Geneva. 

Augusl — . 1875. — N. 1\. Fairbank, of Chicago, placed six thousand 
young hass in Geneva Lake ami built hatcheries. 

lanuarv 8, 1881. County clerk sold park feme to Jacob KLetchpaw. 

Max [8, [883. \ destroying whirlwind passed over southern towns. 

August — , 1889— \ hoard of pension examiners appointed to sit at 
Elkhorn Drs. Benoni O. Reynolds, William Henry Hurlbut and George 
I lenry Young, Jr. 

May <>, [890. Mr. Simmons noted a snowfall at Lake Geneva. 

April 26, [893. George Streng, at Troj village, killed a burglar. 

fuly 7. 180;. Steamer "Dispatch," with six passengers, sunk in one 
hundred and ten feel of water, Geneva I ake, 1>\ a hurricane. 

September 1. 1007. — Barbers of the count) raised shaving rates to fif- 
teen cents 

\la\ 20. [909. Earthquake tremor felt at Elkhorn and elsewhere. 



Statistics of dairy industries for 191 1 show five milk condensing' fac- 
tories: H. M. Clark's, at Delavan; Wisconsin Butter and Cheese Company, 
at Elkhorn (nearly read}' for work) ; Borden Milk Condensing Company, at 
Genoa junction: American Milk Company, at Sharon: Walworth Milk Con- 
densing Company, at Walworth. At Lake Beulah is a factory for making 
"fancy" cheeses. At Fayetteville, Jacobsville and North Geneva are "skim- 
ming stations" of the Wisconsin Butter and Cheese Company. 

The several creameries are distributed and named as here shown : 

Adams Adams Little Prairie Little Prairie 

Bloomfield Bloomfiekl Lyons Lyons 

Bowers Bloomfield Centre Lyons Spring Valley 

Darien Darien Richmond East Richmond 

Darien Fairfield Richmond j. L. Kilkenny Factory 

East Delavan East Delavan Richmond Town Line 

East Troy East Troy Sharon North Sharon 

Elkhorn Springfield Springfield 

Wisconsin Butter &- Cheese Co. Spring Prairie Spring Prairie 

Geneva Honey Hill Cheese and Creamery Co. 

Heart Prairie Heart Prairie Troy Troy Co-operative 

Honey Creek Honey Creek Whitewater Marr's 

Lake Geneva Whitewater Union Produce Co. 

Lake Geneva Milk & Creamery Co. Zenda Foresl < Hen 

Dairv production, as reported for 1910, showed 4,754,48] pounds ol 
butter, or four and one-half per cent, of the production of sixty-six counties; 
and 147.400 pounds of cheese. Walworth was third in creamery production, 
and in fifty-six counties was forty-second in cheesemaking. Amount re- 
ceived for all dairv products was $1,438,888. The whole number of cows 
milked was 26,022. 


The following list of earlier births within the county, though not in 
each instance verified by reference to public or family record, musl be nearl] 
correct. Names marked * are of buys who became soldiers oi the Civil war: 
July j, 1836 — Geneva, daughter of lame- Van Slyke, Geneva; died fune, 


Sept. 27, 1836 — William Pitt, son of Urban D. Meacham, Troy; died No- 
vember 3, 191 1. 

June — , 1837 — Henry, son of Israel Williams, Jr., Linn. 

July 8, 1837— Clara Anna, daughter of William Bell, Walworth. 

Aug. 11, 1837 — Alfred Delavan, son of Salmon Thomas, Darien; died 1896. 

Sept. 14, 1837 — Sarah M., daughter of Sylvester G. Smith, Spring Prairie. 

Oct. 12, 1837 — Tirzah Amelia, daughter of Luke Taylor, Darien. 

Oct. 12, 1837 — Harriet, daughter of Joseph Whitmore, Spring Prairie. 

Oct. 12, 1837 — *Darwin K., son of William K. May, Linn. 

Nov. — , 1837 — Mahala, daughter of Solomon Harvey, Spring Prairie. 

, 1837- — Henry, son of Robert Godfrey, Walworth. 

Mar. — , 1838 — A daughter of Ansel A. Hemenway, Spring Prairie. 

June 1, 1838 — Henry, son of Oliver Van Yalin, Spring Prairie. 

June 24, 1838 — *Silas Wright, son of Harry Tupper, Bloomfield, died 1865. 

Sept. 18, 1838 — Mary, daughter of Nathaniel Bell. Lafayette. 

Oct. — , 1838 — *Woodbury, son of Perry G. Harrington, Sugar Creek. 

Nov. 13, 1838 — Albert Ogden, son of Milo E. Bradley, Geneva. 

Nov. 22, 1838 — Phoebe Ann, daughter of Samuel Cole Vaughn, Spring 

Dec. 19, 1838 — Oscar D.. son of Roderick Merrick, Spring Prairie. 
- — , 1838 — Helen P.. daughter of John Rosenkrans, Sugar Creek. 

Jan. 7, 1839 — Le Grand, son of Hollis Latham. Elkhorn. 

.Mar. — , 1839 — * James II.. son of Henry Harrison Sterling, Lafayette. 

Apr. i, 1839 — Harriet, daughter of William Bell, Walworth, died 1890. 

Apr. 23, 1839 — Frances, daughter of Solomon A. Dwinnell, Lafayette. 

May 25, 1839 — Wallace, son of Daniel Hartwell, Lafayette; died 1909. 

Oct. 8, 1839 — Jane Eli/a. daughter of Benjamin F, Trow. Bloomfield; 
died about 1871. 

Nov. 18, 1839 Julius ('., son of William Birge, Whitewater. 

Jan. 8, 1840- 'I.hi.Im-n Joseph, son of Sylvester G. Smith. Lafayette; 
died [905. 

Mar. [2, [840— Leroy Williston, son of Austin I.. Merrick. Spring Prairie; 

Ma\ i<>. [840 William James, son of William Bell, Walworth: killed 
< Ictober 8, 1862. 

July [3, [840 Emily, daughter of Nathaniel Bell, Lafayette. 

Wl; 10. [840 "Henry Christopher, son of Christopher Wiswell, Lafayette. 
• [840 Wendell Ptilver, son of W. Fletcher Lyon. Hudson. 
. (840 Florana Lily, daughter of John Rosenkrans, Sugar Creek. 


— , 1840 — Nancy, daughter of Freeborn Welch. Sugar Creek. 

Jan. 21, 1841 — Kinner Newcomb, son of Cyrenus X. Hollister, Darien; 

died 191 1. 
Mar. 29, 1841 — Otis E., son of Samuel Cole Vaughn, Spring Prairie. 
Sept. 1. 1841 — *\Yilliam J., son of James Holden. Lagrange. 
July 23, 1842 — *Lucius, son of William Bell, Walworth; died [862. 
Aug. 2, 1842 — William H.. son of Samuel Allen, Bloomfield. 
Nov. 2, 1842 — *Charles Edward, son of Christopher Wiswell, Lafayette; 
died 1864. 

— , 1842 — Smith D., son of Daniel Hartwell, Lafayette. 

Mar. 10, 1843 — August, son of John Bernhardt Wilmer, East Troy. 
Nov. I, 1843 — Mary Jane, daughter of Daniel J. Bigelow, Sugar Creek. 
. 1843 — Emmet, son of Thomas McKaig, Geneva. 

June 28, 1844 — Hiram Sears, son of William Bell, Walworth. 

July 8. 1844 — Helen Louise, daughter of William O. Garfield, Elkhorn. 

July 14. 1844 — *William Henry, son of John Mayhew and Lucinda Allen. 

Nov. 23, 1844 — Emma Pamela, daughter of Edward Elderkin, Elkhorn. 

Nov. 24. 1844 — Lucretia May, daughter of Palmer Gardner, Spring Prairie; 

died 1865. 

Sept. 14. 1845 — George, son of George Gale and Gertrude Young, Elkhorn. 


There were several known instances in which one. first choosing his 
claim, made the coming wife's way clear and then went eastward to marry 
her. Thus it was with Palmer Gardner, James Holden and Solomon A. 
Dwinnell, for examples. Tin- very earliest marriage ceremonies were likely 
to have been performed at Milwaukee. Racine, or at some convenient clergy- 
man's or magistrate's just across the county line. 

Jan. 2^. [837 — Charles Augustus Noyes and Xanc Page- Warren, of Gen- 
eva, at Racine. 
Sept. 3. [837 — Reuhen Clark and Maria Van Valin, Spring Prairie. 

10. [837 -Sylvanus Spoor and Caroline S. Goodrich, Troy. 
Nov. — . 1837 — William Bentley and Jane Campbell, Spring Prairie. 
Apr. — , 1838 -Hollis Latham and Lemira (Bradle) 1 Lewis, Elkhorn. 
Apr. [8, [839 — Elijah Belding and Man James, Richmond. 
May 15. 1839 — Bradley B. Plato and Lucretia C. Hawes, Richmond. 
May 25, 1839 — Caleb Blodgett and Orinda Jones, Darien 
June 4, 1839 — Rev. Jami I I I ndei and \nn Elizabeth Porter. 




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839 — Christopher Columbus Cheesebro and Maria Johnson, Darien. 

839 — George W. Robinson and Adeline Caldwell. 

839 — Ransom Sheldon and Maria Theresa Douglass, Walworth. 

839 — Asad Dean Williams and Cynthia B. Powers, Whitewater; 

839 — Jacob Hamblin and Lucinda Taylor, Lafayette. 

839 — Alexander Hervey Bunnell and Mary Dyer. Spring Prairie. 

839 — Austin Leonard Merrick and Esther C. Cook. Spring Prairie. 

Syj — John Mather and Hannah Stephenson, Sugar Creek. 

840 — John Ruddiman and Mary Bunker, Troy. 

840 — Lucullus S. Pratt and Lydia Comstock. Darien. 

840 — Tompkins Dunlap and Pearley Adams. Geneva. 

840 — Porter Bowen and Hannah Older, Darien. 

840 — John Martin and Eliza Ann Cheesebro, Darien. 

840 — Martin Pollard and Rachel Powers. East Troy. 

840 — Dudley W Cook and Nancy Dunlap, Geneva. 

840 — Thomas McKaig and Asenath Dunlap. Geneva. 

840 — Marcus Moody and Lucy P. Barker. 

840- Josiah Burroughs Gleason and Sarah Bacon, Spring Prairie. 
840 — Peter Noblet and Lydia A. Baker, Spring Prairie. 
840 — Samuel N. Loomer and Huldah L. Loomer, Sugar Creek. 
840 -John Mayhew and Lucinda Allen. Spring Prairie. 

840 Leland Latch and Harriet A. Estes, Troy. 
840 — Benjamin Sweet and Elvira Cornish, Lagrange. 
841 — James Fuller and Ruth L. Bunnell, Lafayette. 
841— John Powers (of Linn) and Laura Stephen-. Geneva. 
841 — Abel Sperry and Eliza Beckwith, East Troy. 

841 -Jonathan Patterson Chapin and Sarah Jerrod, Bloomfield. 
841— Orison Gray Ewing and Hannah Watson, Lagrange. 

841- Samuel Brittain and Eliza Hoyt, Spring Prairie. 
■ s 1 1 ■ Oliver Salisbury and Emily Cravath. Whitewater. 
841 — Alfred B. Weed and Elizabeth Rice, Richmond. 
841— James E. Bell and Chine Electa Van Nostrand. 

lleuiA Barlow and Emeline La Bar. Delavan. 
84] Theodore Benjamin Edwards and Adeline Moore Mc- 

< !racken, Sugar 1 "reek 
841 [saac Van Wen Severson and Elizabeth Topping, Walworth. 
■ v 1 1 David S. Elting and Eliza Manwell, Lagrange. 
841 Horace 1 oleman and Juliette Merrick. Spring Prairie. 
84] William Carter and Adeline Scaver. Darier 


Mar. 23, 1842 — Sterling P. Searles and Ellen Dalton, Geneva. 

Apr. 16. 1842 — Norman C. Dyer and .Mary Lake. Hudson. 

Apr. 24. 1842 — Stephen B. Davis and Esther Newell, Sugar Creek. 

Oct. 13. 1842 — Benjamin Goodwin and Clarinda Wait, Hudson. 

Oct. 16. 1842 — Jonathan C. Church and Dorcas James, Richmond. 

Nov. 24. 1842 — Charles Taylor and Louisa Augier, East Troy. 

■ — , 1842 — Lemuel Rood Smith and Melissa Campbell, Hudson. 

Jan. 10, 1843 — James O. Eaton and Mary Miranda Dwinnell, Lafayette. 
Feb. 8, 1843 — Edwin DeWolf and Elizabeth C. McCracken, Lagrange. 
Feb. 9, 1843- -William Birge and Frances Ostrander, Whitewater. 

Feb. 12, 1843 — Thomas Worden Hill and Lydia Ferris, Hudson. 

Feb. 16, 1843 — Erasmus Darwin Richardson and Alma O. Spa ford. ( leneva. 
Sept. 7, 1843 — Albert Ogden and Charlotte Boyce, Elkhorn. 

Oct. 4. 1843 — Stephen Steele Barlow and Anna Maria Parsons, Delavan. 
Nov. 1, 1843 — Chester Deming Long and Laura Ann Lee, Darien. 

Nov. 15. 1843 — Edwin Wallis Meacham and Emeline M. McCracken. 

Nov. 16. 1843 — George Washington Dwinnell and Abigail Catherine Wil- 
son. Lafayette. 

Dec. 21. 1843 — J. Sperry Northrop and Catherine M. Lyon, Hudson. 

Dec. 25, 1843 — Edward Elderkin and Mary Martha Beardslev. Elkhorn. 


The death list, within the years here shown, must fall very far short of 
the facts. For the following years the stones and records of cemeteries 
partly supply the lack of official registration. Even after cemeteries were 
laid out and dedicated many of the dead were buried in small private enclos- 
ures, some of which must have been plowed over for a half century, — what- 
ever reservation may have been mule at the first sale- of the including 
farms. Rain- spon heat down and gra>- and weed- hide unvisited, uncared-for 
graves, and white man has not more reverence for the resting places of 
strangers of his own race than for those of the conquered or cheated heathen 

lul\' 3. [837 — Mary E., child of Syl ester G. Wright. Spring P 
Sept. 14. 1837 — Mrs. Eliza Cornish, ael 64, Lagrange. 
Dec. 25, [837 — William C. Merrick, insane, act. 33, Spring Praii 
June it. [838— Olive, wife of Phipps Hartwell, Lafayette 
Sept. 6. [838— A child of Ansel A. Hemenway, Spring Prairie. 
Nov. 13. [838- Mary] - r), wife of Lucius \.l East Troy. 






Nov. 22, 

July i3i 
Sept. 19, 




Mar. 14, 

May 21, 

Mar. 5, 








June 1 1. 












Nov. 21, 

Dec. 20. 

Mar. 3, 

Apr. 15, 

Apr. t8, 

June 21, 

July 23, 

Aug, 13, 

Aug t6, 

838 — Simeon Robinson, Troy. 

838 — William Casporus. accidentally, Lake Geneva. 

830, — Daniel Edwin LaBar, aet. 50. Delavan. 

839 — Jotham Newton Baker, aet. 21, Whitewater. 

839 — Mary, wife of John Cummings, aet. 58, Walworth. 

839 — Amelia J., wife of Henry Frey, aet. 45. 

839 — Benjamin Whitcomb, Whitewater. 

840 — Col. Samuel Faulkner Phoenix, aet. 44. Delavan. 

840 — Apollos Root, Lafayette. 

841 — Christopher Columbus Cheesebro, aet. -'4, Darien. 

841 — Abby Frances Goodsell, aet. 33, Lake Geneva. 

842 — Rosetta, wife of Azor Kinney, aet. 31, Whitewater. 

842 — Dorcas (Perry), wife of Thomas James, Richmond. 

842 — Mary, widow of Israel Ferris, aet. 85, Whitewater. 

843 — George Matthews, aet. 38, Troy. 

843 — Henry Phoenix, aet. 50, Delavan. 

843 — Sprowell Dean, aet. 48, Troy. 

843 — Martha W. (Larrabee), wife of Charles M. Baker, aet. $~. 
Lake Geneva. 

843 — Jonathan Perry, — with suspicion of poisoning, — Lafayette. 

843 — Eli Mood}, aet. 63, Bloomfield. 

843-- Harriet ( Wheeler), wife of Daniel Salisbury, Spring Prairie. 

843 — Cabin Pike, aet. 41. Whitewater. 

844 — Charlotte (Boyce), wife of Albert Ogden, Elkhorn. 

S44 — Dr. James Tripp, aet. 49, Whitewater. 

N44 lluldah 1 Cornell), wife of Judge John Martio, aet. 49 
Spring Prairie. 

844 — Benoni Bradway, aet. 52, Delavan. 

844 — Philinda, wife of Joseph Hall, aet. 411. Richmond. 

845 -Lydia ( Dodge), wife ^i Silas Salisbury, aet. 59, Whitewater. 

845 Eliza P. (Gay), wife of Samuel II. Stafford, aet 34. Bloom- 

845 — Esther (Cravath 1. wife of Nelson Salisbury, aet. 32, White- 

845 -Clementina M., wife <•{ Thomas Harrison, aet. 34, Spring 

845 James R. Bruce, aet 31, Darien. 

845 — Harriet 1 Boyce), wife of \lvah 11. Johnson, aet. 27, Darien. 

845 \ustin II. Wright, aet. 31, East Troy, 


Sept. 10, 1845 — Aniasa Allen, aet. 69. Lafayette. 

Sept. 18, 1845 — Phoebe (Blakeslee). wife of Elijah Church, aet. 51. Wal- 

Sept. 20, 1845 — Asaph 1'ratt, aet. 55, Whitewater. 

Oct. 3. 1845 — Sarah, daughter of Webster Bailey, wife of Whitefield 
Bailey. Walworth. 

Jan. 2, 1846 — Thomas K. LeBarron. aet. 27, Whitewater. 

Jan. 16. 1846 — Jesse Hand, aet. 63, Hudson. 

Aug. 13. 1846 — Robert Kennedy Morris, aet. 39, Lagrange. 

Sept. 18. 1846 — Harriet C. wife of Charles A. Soper. aet. 26, Darien. 

Oct. 14. 184c) — Capt. Israel Williams, aet. ^y. Walworth. 

Oct. 17. 1846 — Cynthia, wife of Stephen Knapp, aet. 59, East Troy. 

Oct. 20. 1846 — Chanty L.. wife of Loren Stacy, aet. 42, Hudson. 

Oct. 24. 1846 — Harriet (Newell), wife of Albert H. Smith, aet. 31, Delavan. 


An incomplete list of more or less destructive fires, though of little 
value as history, may help to fix dates of other events associated with them 
in men's memories. It is so far from full that a list nearly as long may be 
found in the Delavan fire department's record of the last twenty years. 
Apr. 14. 1844 — William Birge's house. Whitewater. A child of three years 

May 9. 1844 — "A great lire at Sharon." 
Dec. — , 1845 — Andrew Ferguson's store. Geneva. 
Dee 10. 1852 — Samuel Tibbets's home, Sugar (.'reek. 

— . 1858 — Benjamin !•". Pope's house, Elkhorn. 

May 15, 1859 — Patrick O'Brien's house. Darien. 

Sept. 22, 1859 — Methodist church. Elkhorn. 

Jan. 12. i860 — Alexander II. Bunnell's house, Lafayette. 

Jan. 23, i860 — Two newspaper offices and other buildings, Delavan. 

Apr. 29, i860 — John A. Farnum's house. North Geneva. 

Feb. 26. 1862 — Henry Lord's house, town of Delavan. 

Nov. 25. 1862 — Lemuel Webster's house, Sugar ('reek. 

Nov. 10. 1866 — Chaffee's planing mill and Thiele's cabinet shop, Whitewater. 

Feb. 26, 1867 — Centralia store and other buildings, Elkhorn. 

May 31, [867 — Esterlv reaper works, Whitewafc 

Nov. 10. 1867 — Several store- in Main street, Whitewater. 

Nov. 30. [867 I ole & Hunter'-- pottery. White 




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867 — John Welch's store, Whitewater. 

872 — Ouigley's vinegar factory. Lake Geneva. 

873 — County House, North Geneva. 

874 — Ethan B. Farnum's store. Springfield. 

875 — Office of Whitewater Register and other buildings. 

875 — Office of Walworth County Liberal, Elkhorn. 

875 — Goff's grain house, Delavan village. 

875 — Nathan W. Mower's barn, lightning-struck and burned. 

875 — Hollis Latham's house, one of the oldest at Elkhorn. 

876 — Doane's and other stores, Delavan. 

876 — Isaac Way's house, with two children. North Geneva. 

876 — Darien Water-cure building. 

879 — Episcopal rectory, Elkhorn, badly damaged. 

879 — State School for the Deaf, Delavan. 

880 — Steamer "Arrow," in Geneva lake. 

881 — Benjamin T. Fowler's house and cheese factory. Heart 

881 — John ( i. Flack's house and creamery. North Geneva. 
881 — Artemas Baird's house, Elkhorn. 
884 — Cooler E. Wing's house, Elkhorn 
885 — William Harwood's barn. Little Prairie, lightning-struck 

and burned. 
880 — Public school building, Elkhorn. 
888 — Railway passenger house. Elkhorn. 
890 — Dynamite explosion and tire at Doane's store, Delavan, liim- 

sel 1 and another killed. 
890 — George W. Ferris's house, Elkhorn. 
891 Mrs. Margaret Casey's house, Elkhorn. 

891 The Daniel Botsford house, Elkhorn. 
891 — Steamer "< tt\ of Lake Geneva," in Geneva lake. 

892 The John Driscoll house, Elkhorn. 

893 William K Chambers's house, Lauderdale Lake. 
893 — Strow hotel and twelve more stores and shops, Delavan. 
893 Field lire, wesl of Elkhorn, threatened the whole villa 
893 Kachel's dairy supply building, Elkhorn, 
893 Isaac Vloorhouse's dwelling, North Geneva. 
No 1 Whiting House. Lake Geneva. 
No 1 I [1 tllenbeck cottage, I -auderdale. 
896 Barn and cattle on Franklin II. Eames's farm. Lafayette. 


Mar. 12, 1896 — Implement Company's store and Lore's laundry. Elkhorn. 
Mrs. Lore fatally burned. 

Apr. 1, 1896 — Clifford A. Mower's store and Grove creamery. Bowers. 

May 10, 1896 — Bumstead's butter factory, Elkhorn. 

Mar. 9, 1898 — Frank Lumb's store. 

Apr. 25, 1898 — Mrs. Casey's house, Elkhorn. 

Sept. 13, 1899 — James F. Jude's hotel, barn, etc., East Troy. 

Sept. 22, 1899 — William DeGroff's house, Williams Bay. 

Jan. 5. 1900 — Patrick Campbell's bouse. Walworth. 

Jan. 31. 1900 — John H. Lauderdale's house, Elkhorn. 

May 10, 1900 — Mettowee Hotel, by Delavan lake. 

Apr. 30, 1901 — Daniel Carey's barn, etc., Darien. 

Nov. 2, 1901 — KLenilworth Inn. Delavan lake. 

Feb. 6, 1902 — House on the William Lincoln farm, Spring Prairie. 

Apr. 10, 1902 — Ira Enders's bouse and contents, Delavan. 

May i, 1902 — W. Allen Barnes' mill, or shop, Elkhorn (once a church). 

Oct. 30. 1902 — William. Albert and Julia Wickinson burned with their 
house, in Lagrange. 

Dec. 22, 1902 — Workshop and instruments at Observatory, near Williams 

July 28, 1903 — Ernest Hand's barn and cattle. Sugar Creek, lightning- 
struck and burned. 

July 31; 1903 — James Cutler's barn, Darien, — largest in the county. 

Dec. 25, 1903 — Public school house at Lake Geneva. 

Feb. 14. 1904 — John W. Hare's store, Walworth village. 

Oct. 24, 1904 — Arthur Deist's house. East Troy. 

Nov. 16, 1907 — Baptist church, Elkhorn. 

Jan. 19, 1908 — Robert Opirz carriage shop, East Troy. 

Apr. 4, 1908 — James Baldwin's house, Darien 

July 12. 1908 — L. P. Sutter's barn, Delavan, one of largest in county. 

Oct. 15, 1908 — House on Eames farm, Lafayette. 

July 2, 1909 — Wilbur Lumber Company's mill, Honey Creek. 

lulv 28, 1909 — Town Hall, two nd shop, Darien. 

Apr. 3. 1910 — House on Joseph Heimbach farm, neai Honey (reek. 

Oct. 12. 191 1 — Millard E. Mills's farmhouse, Elkhorn. 




It is not now known why town i north, of range 18 east, was so named. 
There was Bloomfield, Essex county, northern Xew Jersey, and there was its 
namesake in Ontario county. New York, which is now two towns. East Bloom- 
field and West Bloomfield. It does not appear that any considerable number 
of settlers came from any of these places. It is not improbable that the early 
naming of Bloom prairie led to this appropriate name for the whole town. It 
has Linn westward, Lyons northward, Randall and Wheatland, both in Keno- 
sha county, eastward, and the Illinois towns of Richmond and Hebron, in 
McHenry county, southward. At the primitive division of the county into five 
towns the southeastern quarter constituted the town of Geneva. By further 
legislation, January 23, 1844, Bloomfield, Hudson and Linn were severally 
set off from the parent town for home rule. There is in Waushara county, 
too, a township named Bloomfield, whence arises part of the difficulty in 
identifying the soldiers of the Civil war for whom credit should be given to 
this part of Walworth county. 

The surface of the town is as fair to look upon as that of anf part of 
the county or of the neighboring counties. Though there is no great extent 
of level prairie, its slight unevenness nowhere breaks abruptly into hill coun- 
try, nor are there great areas of low-lying swam]). Its wooded sections are 
fairly distributed. The timber is mostly oak of the usual varieties, on the 
level and high ground, while a tew patches of swamp lands are cov- 
ered with tamaracks. These evergreen-bearing swamps are often 
or generally peat-bottomed, with blue clay underlying. Modern scien- 
tific farming will at some time lead away the water and convert the peat into 
fertile soil. The Nippersink, by its three valleys and thos r ,,f its little tribu- 
taries, distributes the relatively small marsh surfaces fairly about the town. 
Along the Kenoshan border the Towers lake chain in sections 13. _>_(., a small 
part of Ryan's lake in section 3, Pell's lake, in sections [5, 22, and a few 
glacial pol holes, subtract aboul 928 acres from the total area of the town 
That is. official estimate shows -'-\i [2 acres of land surface: but, as the well- 
informed leader is aware, owing to surveyor's slight inaccuracies, as well 
as tn the convergence northward of all meridian lines, township areas are 


not invariably 23,040 acres of land and water. Bloom prairie reaches out into 
Hebron and Linn, about two-thirds way across the town northward and some- 
thing like one-third way eastward from the line of Linn; and its primitive 
unplowed beauty was in no way deceitful. 

The whole town, for the first forty years of its settlement, yielded the 
usual fair to full returns in grain and root: but. like its neighboring towns, it 
has found its truer value in its adaptation to corn raising and.dairv produc- 
tion. Returns for [910 made to the county clerk show these acreages of 
improved land: Barley, 301: cabbage. 2<)\ corn, [,339; growing timber. 
1,307: hayfield. [,86] : oats. 2.331; potatoes. 103: rye. 74; wheat. 30. Mr. 
Sikes shows census of live stock and true values: 3,093 cattle. $02,000; 845 
hogs, $9,300; 804 horses, $66,200; two mules, $200; 1,056 sheep, $3,900. 
Land values, for town. Si. 73 1.000, at an average of $jH.2j per acre; for 
village, 458 acres at $429.47 per acre, whole value $196,700. The valuation 
of town and village is 5.01 per cent, of that of the entire county. 

The population of Bloomfield, including Genoa Junction, at seven fed- 
eral enumerations, was: 1850, Xji); 1800. 1. 140; 1870, [,091; 1880. 1,007; 
1890, 1. 197: 1900, 1. 314; mho. 1,485. In i<k>3 the state census gave the 
village 710 inhabitants and 856 to the rest of the town. The census of [910 
shows a loss of one for the village. 

The permanent settlement of the town began late in 1830 with the com- 
ing of Henry Kimball and his son. Oramel. who made their claim in section 6. 
The elder pioneer brought his wife. Keziah. and such family as they had. 
from Otsego county, as soon as he had made for them a home in the solitude 
He was born in July. 1783, and died January 31. 1S51. His wife was bom 
in 1783 and died August 10. 1852. Oramel was horn May 20. 1815, and 
died in the town of Delavan, June 27 ■. 1882. His wife, Lucinda, who outlived 
him. was born in 1830. 

The earliest coming family was that of Harry and Elizabeth Tupper, 
late in 1837. Their son. Silas Wright Tupper, eldest of four children known, 
was born in the town. June 24. 1838: enlisted in [86] as a private of Com 
pany K. Eighth Infantry: re-enlisted in 1803; was transferred December 28. 
[864, to Veteran Reserve Corps; died February 12. [865, in the military 
hospital at Indianapolis, '["he other children were Sarah A., born in 1844; 
Norman H., born in [846: Ellen A., bom in [848. Harry Tupper died in 
California. Elizabeth, daughter of Eli and Dorothj Moody, was horn March 
2. 1813; died May 1. [881. John and Levi Moody were her brothers, both 
unmarried, and both came among the settlers of [838. 


Among other best remembered settlers from 1837 to 1840, inclusive, 
were Hiram and Clarissa Barker, Thomas Buckland. John and Clarissa 
Chapin, Jonathan P. and \Y. Densmore Chapin, Charles Dorathy, Timothy H. 
Fellows, Carl Freeman, Samuel T. Hatch and wife, Caroline; Jeremiah and 
Orpha Jerrod, Andrew and John Michael Kull. William K. May, Welcome J. 
Miller, Marcus Moody, Doric C. Porter, Dan and Eliza Rowe, Thomas Peck 
Rutenber (1809-1855) and Polly Brazee. his wife; Sebastian and Apollonia 
Schurman, Benjamin Franklin Trow (1802-1870) and wife, Aurelia H. 
(1814-1890) ; Ebenezer and Mary Tupper, Everton Walker, Jonathan Ward. 
Isaac White, Jr. 

Within the next eight years came Samuel and William Allen, Thomas 
Beeden and wife, Elizabeth ( 1810-1849), Schuyler Besteder ( 1800- 1883) 
and wife Eliza Jane (1806-1889), Dewitt C. Blakeman, Morris Wait Blod- 
gett, John Brown, J. Sidney Buell, Edward Bundy, Conrad Burget, John 
Burns, William Worth Byington, David Ward Carey, Enoch B. and James 
B. Carter, Levinus Carver, George H. Christian, Simon Williams Clark, 
Robert Cobb, Dudley Wesley Cook. Peter L. Craver, Edward Crowell. Will- 
iam Doughten, Delamore Duncan. Alfred W. Dyer, George Woodward Ed- 
wards, James Ervin, Andrew Everson, William Faulkner, George Field, 
Langdon Filkins, Jason Fobes, John Chesley Ford, Abiel, Joseph and Russell 
Fuller, James Grier, Dike W. Hall, Jonah Hanchett, Jr., Daniel P. Handy, 
Ephraim and Nathan Harrison, Dewitt C. Hay. Alanson K. Hill, Charles 
High, James C. Latour. Valorous 1). Manning, Eli Manor, Stillman Moores, 
John II. Nichols, Edwin Ruthven and Enos Hanchett Olden, Ira A. Pell, 
Thomas Peters, John Yerwell Petty, Oakley A. Phillips, Preston Brewer 
Plumb, Joshua Post, Archibald, David and James Primmer, Solon Read and 
Alinda M.. his wife. Lyman Redington, Cyrus and Erastus R. Rugg, Hiram 
J. Sawyer. Joseph W. Searles, John Sibley, George Smith. Clark Williams 
Spafard, Amos W. and Samuel II Stafford. Aimer Strickland 
(1814 1900), Philo C. Taylor. Hamilton Temple, Dr. Oliver S. Tif- 
fany. Jeremiah and William < i. Tmesdell, Samuel Ward. Michael VVelden, 
William II. Whiting. Nathaniel B. Whittier, William R. Wilkins, Thomas 
Wilson. Abner Wing. John Wood, Uanson and Silas P. Wright. \ few of 
these may have boughl governmenl land without intending to settle. One 
such instance was that of \ndrew Galbraith Miller, for many years judge 
of the federal court at Milwaukee, who bought in section [3. A Larger num- 
ber went a few years later to other towns, counties, or -tale-; ami a few of 
the old settlers died within the next few years. 


Neither from public and private records, nor from the memory of aging 
men and women of the next following generation, are now to be gathered, 
with fair approach to fullness or exactness, many facts as to the earlier lives 
and later careers of the fathers and mothers of the county; though something 
might yet be done to recover and preserve these "little lines of yesterday," 
were time and much effort to be given to such labor of love. The following 
notes include a few names of later comers : 

Heman H. Allen (1813-1888) married Caroline 1!. (1816-1892), 
daughter of Calvin P. (1798-1861) and Pamela Gay. 

Hiram Barker (1801-1884) married Clarissa A. Bronson (1808-1879). 

Elizabeth (1810-1849), wife of Thomas Beeden, was buried at Lake 
Geneva. Thomas and wife Jane were living in i8(>o. 

Adeline, daughter of Thomas Buckland, was married in February, 1841, 
by Judge Baker, to William Williams, of McHenry county. This was the 
first marriage in Bloomfield. 

William Worth Byington (1822-1909), a native of Vermont, married, 
first, Adeline, daughter of Abner Wing and Mehetabel Ingham; second, Mrs. 
Sarah B. ( Newton) Pier. He was for several years in business at Lake 
Geneva, and came in 1876 to Elkhorn, where he died. 

Enoch Boutell Carter ( 1819-1902), son of Leonard and Persis, was born 
at Leominster, Massachusetts. Charlotte | 1824-1910) was daughter of Will- 
iam Vincent and Lydia Wilcox. Enoch married in 1845. 

Jonathan Patterson Chapin, son of John and Clarissa, married, March 
18, 1 841, Sarah, daughter of Jeremiah and Orpha Jerrod. 

Samuel Rogers Darrow 1 1809 [89] ) was a native of Herkimer county. 
New York. 

Charles Dorathy (1811-1893), son of Joseph, came in 1840 to Bloom- 
field. His first wife was Mary, daughter of Ebenezer and Mary Tupper. His 
second wife was Eliza Kimball. 

Delamore Duncan, son of William and wife. Ruth Gilmore, was a broth- 
er-in-law of Timothy II. bellows. 

George Field married Emma, daughter of Abiel Fellows and Dorcas 

Nathan Harrison was born in 1801 and died in [883. Anna, his wife, 
was born in 1804 and died in 1887. 

Samuel Tucker Hatch 1 [802-1882), son of I larman 1 whose wife was 
named Tucker), came in [840 to section 12. His first wife was named Caro- 
line; his second was Mrs. Lucy Small. It is nol known that he was of the 
same family as others of his name, in DeLv.ui. Geneva, Linn, or elsewhere. 



Charles High (1809-1887) was probably son of Charles and Christine, 
of Washington county, New York. He came in 1841 to section 30, and 
married Nancy B. Rolfe, of Milwaukee. His farm was one of the largest 
and best in the town. 

Alanson King Hill (1813-1894) was born at Canton, New York, and 
died at Lake Geneva. His wife was Nancy Agnes Wellwood. 

There was in Bloomfield, long ago, and perhaps is yet, a second Kimball 
family, of German origin. From tombstones it is inferred that the name 
was Kimpel, and changed by local pronunciation to the more familiar form. 
Carl R, of this family ( 1814-1891 ). had wife. Anna E. ( 1826-1885). 

James C. Latour (1795- 1883) was born in New York (city). He came 
with wife. Christina (1798-1856), to sections 3, 10. 

John Loveland (1810-1886) was born at Middletown, Connecticut. He 
came in 1841 with wife, Elizabeth Latour ( 1X14-1906). 

Eli Manor ( i8_'_'-i885) was son of Joseph and Louisa Lucia Manor 
( Tliis name is spoken "Man-ore." ). lie built the only hotel now at the Junc- 

Eli Moody (1780-1843) and wife Dorothy (1784-1847). Of their 
known children. Elizabeth was Mrs. Harry Tupper; Levi (1808-1890) died 
unmarried; John died October 27, 1802, in naval hospital at Mound City. 
Illinois, seemingly in gunboat service. Alfred ( [815-1881) may have been 
of Eli's family. 

Stillman Moores bought land 111 sections 14, -'3. His wife, Mary 1 1S07- 
1880), was daughter of William and Susannah Coleman. 

Enos Hanchett Olden (born iN_>_>) came about [842 to section 15, and 
soon afterward married Julia A. Gregg (horn [826). Their farm, now 
Elisha T. Hibhard's. has been found ralhrr remarkably adapted to fruit- 

Ira A. Pell ( [800-187] ). namesake of the lakelet in section 15. married 
Mary I.. ( [816-1883), daughter of Ephraim and Alida Farmer. 

Otis I'.. Phillips ( [798-185 I and wife Olive ( (800-1865) were buried 
at Lake Geneva, lie may have been son or brother of Oakley A. Phillips, 
who may have been a non-resident buyer in section 31. 

lames Primmer (horn [816) and wife Hannah (burn iS_>i). daughter 
uf Philip and Rebecca Shaver, were natives of Rensselaer county. They came 
tn section 7. 

fohn Siblej was one of the founders "i the Episcopal society. Mis 
son. Charles W. (county clerk [853-7), married Lucy, daughter uf Abiel 
Fell 'w s and I >i ireas I \< ipkins, 


Jane Eliza Trow, daughter of Benjamin F. and Aurelia II., first girl 
born in the town — October 8, 1839— lived to marrv and died about 1X71. 

Everton Walker (born 1810) and wife Susan (born 1814) came to 
section 4 in 1839. They left the state later than [860. 

Jonathan Ward (1814-1872) married Electa King (1820-1894) and 
came to section 5 in 1837. In [860 they had five children. They were buried 
at Lake Geneva. Airs. Ward seems to have become Mrs. Adams. 

Silas P. Wright (1815-1896) was horn near Sackett's Harbor; lived 
on section 20, Bloomfield : died at Lake Geneva. Mary, his wife, was born 
in 1816. 

Bloomfield centre — not Centre — was but a convenient way of denoting 
the site of an early school house, a half-mile south of the town-centre, on the 
diagonal road from Geneva to Richmond (or, a little later, to Genoa). This 
house for long served as a meeting place of religious gatherings and early- 
societies, and for other township purposes. The first school was taught in 
1840 by Mrs. Electa (King) Ward, in section 6, at a house built for her 
use as a private school. There is now a district school house on her husband's 
farm, at the center of section 5. There are at present in the town (the village 
not included) six school districts, of which two are joint districts — No. 6 with 
Lyons; Xo. 8 with Randall, in Kenosha county. 

The whole number of soldiers of the Civil war whose service was credited 
to Bloomfield was one hundred thirty-one. If not all of these were really 
residents of the town the non-residents were fairly offset by the men of 
Bloomfield who were enrolled for other towns. Her volunteers turned <>ut 
promptly in the first two years, and her citizens voted liberal bounties in order 
to fill later calls for troops. The town was well represented in the Fourth 
Infantry-Cavalry and the Eighth and Twenty-second Infantry, and by smaller 
numbers in many other commands. Company K. Eighth Infantry, the Live 
Eagle regiment, was credited with thirt) six batik'.- and skirmishes, in six 
states. Its orderly sergeant. Theodore \. Fellows, returned as its third cap- 
tain, after exactly four years of constantly active service. 

The town and village records are quite full and generall) legible. The 
clerks have usually been chosen for their fitness, and have often been re- 
elected. The bonk- tor 1X50 arc a- easily read as printed script. The clerk 
for that year was Mr. Youlen, a young farmer who had at that time a work 
ing partnership with David \\ . Carey, and whom nobody but the latter's son, 
Julian M. Carey, seems now to remember. The official list for the town of 
Bloomfield is as follow - : 




William K. May 1844 

Cyrus Rugg 1845, '47- '49 

'56-58, "65 

Timothy Hopkins Fellows 

1846. '68, '73 

Samuel Allen 1848 

David Ward Carey 1850 

Heman C. Stewart 1851 

Schuyler Ward Benson 

1852. '74. '75 

William Densmore Chapin 

1853-55, '60, '61, '63. '64, '81 

Amos Wagman Stafford 

1859, '66, '67, '69. '72 

Adolph Freeman 1862 

Alfred H. Abell 1876-79 

Andrew Kull. Jr 1880, '82-84 

George Rue Allen 1885-97 

Russell Holmes 1898- 1900 

Thomas H. Grier 1901. '02 

Charles W. Forbes 1903 

John H. Hoffman I904-'o5 

Elijah T. Hibbard 1906-08 

Clifton S. Arnold 1909 

Frederick C. Paskie, res 1910, '11 

Elijah T. Hibbard. acting 191 1 

Elijah T. Hibbard, elected 1912 


Alfred II. Abell 1863, '74. '7-^ 

James Grier Allen 1904 

William II. Allen 1873. '77-'8o 

Thomas Beeden 1847. 40 

Bryanl S. Benson r 873 

Schuyler Ward Benson 1840. '51 

Sidne) Buell 1866, '8] 

William Ira Buell 1 867-72, '82-84 

Enoch Boutell Carter 

[846-47, '51, '52, '60, '70. '71 

John Chapin 1844 

Robert Cobb 1861, '62, '65 

Timothy Hopkins Fellows 

[856, '57, '65 
Charles \V. Forbes [887, 1901, '02 

Daniel Forbes 1881 

William Forbes 1850. '74. '7^ 

Andrew \V. Foster... [888 93 

Adolph Freeman 1861. '63 

Joseph Fuller 1854, '55 

Frederick Gleason 1885, '86, '98 

Andrew W. Hafs IQOS- °6 

Orville X. Harrison 1880. '82-'84 

Elijah T. Hibbard__i890, '99, 1900 

Frederick Henning 1891-93 

John Huffman 1804. '98-1903 

Michael Hoffman 1885-88 

Richard R. Hoffman 1910-12 

Russell Holmes 1S05-07 

Clifton S. Arnold [866- r 68 

Seth L. Banks 1848 

Dewitl C Blakeman 1853-4 

William Irish [848 

Elijah Jewett 1852 

William G. Katzenberger 1909-12 

Dr. Selvey Kidder [876-79 

Oramel Kimball [864 

William Kimball 1804-07 

\11drew Kull, |r. I9°5 

Edwin 0. Kull 1889 



Jacob Maas 1904 

James C. Merritt i860 

Welcome Joseph Miller 1868-69 

Daniel T. Moores ^903 

Enos Hanchett Olden 1867 

Lawrence Palmitier 1853 

Frederick C. Paskie 1907-09 

Morris Read 1866 

Solon Reed 1 &59- '7 2 

Cyrus Rugg 1844 

Hiram J. Sawyer 1850 

Amos Wagman Stafford 

1845-46, '58, '64 

Heman J. Stewart 1850 

Everton Walker 1856 

Edwin Woodman 1857-58 

Ira Williams 1855, '62 

Samuel J. Wilson . 1876 


Lyman Redington (2 mos.) 1844 

William Densmore Chapin 1844 

Jason Fobes ^45 

George Field 1846-47 

Robert Moores 1848 

Samuel Allen 1849 

William Youlen 1850 

James S. Stilson 1851- '66 

Charles W. Sibley 1852, '63 

William Worth Byington 1853-57 

Wells W. Belden 1858 

George C. Perry 1859-61 

Ichabod A. Hart 1862 

*Charles Augustus Noyes, Jr., 


* Frederick Fernald 1867-69, 

1872-75, 1878-9 

Adam C. Fowler 1870 

William T. Beeden 1871 

Julian Marcellus Carey 1876-77 

Andrew W. Foster 1880-84 

Charles Derby Blanke 1885-1901 

Clifton S. Arnold 1902-04 

John Deignan 1905-10 

Andrew W. Hafs 1910-12 

Mr. Deignan having resigned in 1910, Mr. Hafs was appointed for that 



John Wood 1844-45 

William Densmore Chapin__ 1N41 1 [g 

Dewitt C. Blakeman 1850 

William Worth Byington 1851-52 

Eddy Cole 1853-54 

John Chapin 1855 

John Read 1856 

Joseph fuller 1857 

Homer field [858 

Samuel R. Harrow 1859 

Solon Reed 1860-62, '64 

Ira Williams 1863 

Oramel Kimball [865 

Charles Augustus Noyes - [866-68 

Vbner Fuller [869-70 

David B. Maine 1871-1885 

William II. Allen 1886-189] 

Elijah T. Hibbard 1892. 1902 


John Hubbard Miller 1893-95 Richard R. Hoffman 1904-08 

Frank Marshall Miller 1896-99 Henry Kimball 1909 

H. Albert Gibbs 1900-01 Doric W. Forbes 1910-11 

Alfred Darling 1903 Charles Gifford 1912 

A few assessors are named between 1855 and 1 * > 1 1 : William Besteder, 
1855-6; Donald Forbes, 1881-91: Bryant T. Benson, 1882 and 1908-11; 
George R. Allen. 1883-4; Alfred Darling, 1892; Edwin O. Kull, 1894-1906; 
Frank A. Grout, 1907, — whence it appears that sometimes there were two 


lleman li. Allen 1864 Andrew Kull, |r 1874, '76 

Clifton S. Arnold 1905, '07 Edwin O. Kull 1892 

Rasmus H. Bjerning 1910 David B. Maine 1877-85 

Dewitt C. Blakeman 1859, '61 John Moore 1888, '90, 1900 

Milton B. Carey 1875 William C. Moores, v 1884 

Doric W. Forbes 1908 Frederick C. Paskie, v ! 9°9 

Charles R. Foster__ 1864-75, 1880-93 George C. Perry 1859-63 

Thomas H. drier 1892 Charles H. Prouty 1898 

Frederick A. Grout, v 1902 Hugh Reed 1868 

Andrew W. Hafs, v. v 1909. 'to Frederick C. Richardson, v 1895 

Nathan Harrison 1868-75. '/ 6 - 8 3 Henry O. Roberts.- 1884-87 

[chabod A. Hart i860 Dan Rowe 1843, '65 

Elijah T. Hibbard 95v., '98, Amos Wagman Stafford 1870 

IOOT. [903, '04, '10 James S. Stilson 1866 

Horace Johnson 1862. '69 William E. Trow 88 v., 91-97 

Louis \. Kimball [893, '95 Joel Washburn i860 

These dates are usually those of the several elections for a term of two 
years; but two dates connected by a dash indicate beginnning and end of 
service. Vacancies, rilled for one year, are shown by letter "v."' Only names 
of justices who tiled with the clerk of the court certificates of their election 
are shown, because of the uncertainty as to winch of others elected took the 
oath of office. 


Nature drew no line between the sovereignties of Illinois and Wisconsin, 

The fair and fertile fields of Bloomfield, I. inn. Walworth, and Sharon 
stretch 1 . 1 1 southward into the older state. Tin- village of Richmond is about 


two miles below the point at which the Nippersink abandons Wisconsin, little- 
more than a stone's throw from the state line. Its slightly earlier settlement 
and its immediate growth as a center of local trade, with similar development 
at the foot of Geneva lake, placed churches, schools, mills, shops and stores 
within fairly convenient reach of the earlier-coming fanners of Bloom- 
held, and thus retarded village platting in that town. 

In or about 1850 James F. Dickerson came to improve the null-site and 
to lay out a village, which was named Genoa, a little below the united Nip- 
persink and on its left bank, in section 35, within a quarter-mile of the state 
line. Its railway distances are: From Chicago, jj.i, miles; from Richmond, 
1.3 miles; from Lake Geneva, H.j miles; from Kenosha, jj.^ miles; from 
Harvard. 16.8 miles. All its railway connections are by two intersecting 
Chicago & Northwestern lines. In no long time arose occasional confusion 
in the mail service because of another Genoa in DeKalb county. Illinois. 
To avoid this the word "Junction'' was added to the village name, and now 
Genoa postoffice is in Vernon count}, Wisconsin. The territorial road from 
Kenosha to Beloit passed through the present village plat, within the limits 
of which it is named Walworth street. The village lies on slightly uneven 
ground, giving easy ascents and ready drainage. Its appearance as a whole 
and in detail is clean and homelike, its roadways hard and smooth, and its 
cement walks are now measurable in miles. In the modern ways of city life 
this village may be regarded as suburban — directly and quickly reached from 
Chicago by four daily trains. 

Charles A. Noyes bought in [853 a share in the mill property, and also 
built the Cottage Inn, to which the Manor House succeeded in 1 87 1 and 
remains as the Junction House. .Mr. Dickerson had died, and Adolph Free- 
man had married his widow and for a short time controlled the mill manage- 
ment. Mr. Noyes was followed by Thomas Carter and A. J. Goin, from 
whom the mill passed to John Alexander Pierce, of Millard, and Charles 
Covell, and in later succession to John Albert Pierce, the Genoa Junction 
1 ompany, ami Julian M. Carey. Within a few years Mr. Care) turned the 
water-power to its presenl use, that of supplying the village with electric 
light. The Pierces were father and son. and their ownership of the mill 
was in more than one way memorable. 

Welcome J. Miller came in [850 from Kenosha, where be had well 
learned his business, and began work as a maker of carriages and farm 
wagon- of such quality and workmanlike finish as to secure a wide market 
for his steadily increasing production. IN- two older boys, as they grew to 
manhood, became hi- partners, and for long the Miller wagon made the linn 


and the village famous. Modern conditions of manufacture and sale do 
not lung permit the several rivalries of small establishments. Mr. Miller 
died m [885 and the sons have been forced into more humbly useful repair- 
ing and smith-work. 

The Borden Condensed Milk Company, whose products reach the fron- 
tiers of civilization, has here one of its large and fully ecmipped factories, 
handling the local supply of milk to the extent of forty thousand pounds 
daily, and making Genoa Junction an important shipping station. 

H. Albert Gibbs has here an ice cream factory, the product of which 
finds its market in this and several near-lying counties. His business seems 
likelv to be permanent, and is an important addition to the village enter- 

The yearly production, and shipment by railway, of cabbages has be- 
come a noticeable feature of local industry. 

The earliest postoftice here was named Bloomheld, and was successively 
named Genoa and Genoa Junction. There is no local record of postmasters 
in their order of service and with beginning of each one's term of ofhce. but 
the following list is as full and accurate as men's memories now supply: 
James S. Stilson, Schuyler W. Benson. Julian M. Carey, 1878; Albert E. 
Simons, 1885; John Coppersmith, 1889; Lanson G. Deignan, 1893; Dexter 
B. Holton; Julian Marcellus Carey, 1897: Charles H. Prouty, [908. 


Rev. Lemuel Hall, a pioneer clergyman then of Geneva, came April 5, 
[846, in ln-lp Rev. Leonard Rogers in the work of organizing a Congrega- 
tional society, with twelve members, at the center school house. About [852 
its meeting place was fixed at Genoa. In the pastorate of .Mr. Caldwell a 
sightly and convenient church was built at Park and Freeman streets at 
a cost (with bell) of nearly five thousand dollars. This was in 1804-^. Ad- 
dition was made in [892 for Sunday school room and parlors. The present 
membership is forty-four persons. Dr. Benjamin J. Hill has been clerk of 
the society for more years than Ik 1 can tell without reference to church record. 
Mis nearesl predecessor was Mrs. Asa C. Rowe. Mrs. Frances Bundy, one 
of the rarhesi members, is yet living, near the village, in her eighty-sixth 

year, her mind clear and tilled with memories of younger III nlield. The 

succession of pastors is: Leonard Rogers, 184(1: J. V. Downs; Christopher 
Columbus Caldwell, 1854: Francis J. Douglas, [869; Charles II. Fraser, [883; 
Hiram \\ . Harbaugh, [886; Henrj < >. Spelman, [890; Bryant C. Preston, 
189J; James I!. Orr (three months), [893; Herbert V Kerns, [893; Joseph 


W. Helmer, 1895; Frank B. Hicks, 1897; Alexander E. Cutler, 1904; Benja- 
min F. Ray; Frank Atkinson; Charles Parmiter, 1910. There was now and 
then an interregnum in this pastoral succession — generally not more than of 
one year's length. 

It has been told as a fact of town history that the first religious society 
organized was by twelve Methodists, at the center school house, in 1X41. 
However this may have been, except for prayer meetings at convenient 
houses, the members of this denomination attended church at Richmond until 
1887. In that year they met at Spice's Hall, in Genoa Junction, Rev. Daniel 
Cross holding services. In the next year they built a Sunday school room 
with "supper room" above. This was in the pastorate of Rev. Air. Smith. 
In 1894 the main building was finished and dedicated, with Rev. Frank C. 
Richardson as pastor. 

Rt. Rev. Jackson Kemper held Episcopal service in August. 1X4S, at 
Air. Whiting's house in section 32, administered communion to members of 
the Whiting and Sibley families, and a Whiting daughter. The parish of the 
Holy Communion was organized in October with William H. Whiting and 
John Sibley as wardens and Samuel Allen. Robert Moore, Charles W. Sibley 
and Royal Sikes as vestrymen. Rev. .Messrs. McNamara, Ludlum, Peters 
and Studley were successively rectors of this parish, and a few years later 
the rectors at Lake Geneva came over monthly. In the absences of clerical 
attendance, as at present, the service is read by lay readers. Mr. Whiting 
built a chapel in 1849 on section 29, for temporary use; but it lias nol yet been 
replaced by a more permanent building. 

The Evangelical Lutheran society was organized in [881, its mem- 
bership including eight families. It owns a lot in the northern pari of tin- 
village, but holds its services in alternate afternoons at the Congregational 
church Its pastorate is suplied from Lake Geneva or Slade's Corners, lis 
present membership is about forty families. 

The German Methodist societj was formed in [885, in connection with 
the church at Bristol, Kenosha county. It holds no property, but uses the 
Methodist church fortnightly in summer and once in three weeks in winter 
It- membership is .about twenty-five. 


The State Bank of Genoa [unction was organized in [904 with lliel Al. 
Holton as president, John Moore as vice-president, Thomas Moore as cashier, 
and six stockholders besides. The capital was five thousand dollars. This 
bank seems to have made but one yearly report. 


Chester A. Stone had been for some time in business at the village as a 
private banker. In 1904 he found it practicable and advisable to bring his 
business under statutory provisions. With thirty-five other stockholders he 
organized the Citizens State Bank, with twelve thousand dollars capital, 
Tames Crier Alien as president. Hoxie W. Smith as vice-president, and him- 
self as cashier. Most of these stockholders are men of the town and village, 
and of Lake Ceneva. 

About 1889 Capt. Luther Cranger Riggs, soldier, poet and editor, began 
to publish tlic Genoa Junction Journal, as a thus localized edition of his paper 
at Richmond. lie was one of the order of cry-aloud, spare-not country editors, 
and seemed to think that peace is dear at any price and too inglorious for an 
ex-centurion. His militant editorship was regarded as vigorous and racy, and 
it was rather overcharged with his own personality. His paper leaned to- 
ward prohibitionism and the abolition of minor evils. He suffered some 
loss from a lawless entry upon his premises at Richmond, with attendant 
malicious mischief, as. some dumping of type cases or newspaper forms into 
the Nippersink. His troubled career ended with his death, October 31, 1891. 
1 le was then aged about fifty years. 

In [900 a new paper, the Times, began under ownership of Hurley B. 
Begun, followed about [902 by Charles F. Dixon; in 11)03 '>>' A. M. Spence 
(but initials are doubtful); in [903 by Chauncey A. Swenson; in [909 by 
Morris B. Rice; in 191 1 by Swenson F. Foster, by whom it was discontinued 
about the end of the year. 


At an election held July 23, [901, the citizens of Genoa Junction ac- 
cepted a village charter by vote of 1 2j to 107. This was on the petition of 
Dr. Benjamin J. Bill, Julian M. Carey, Eli E. Manor, John Moore. Edward 
Miller and Chester A. Stone. William Child, county surveyor, established 
the village boundaries and made a plat for record at Elkhorn. The first vil- 
lage board was made up of Russell Holmes as president, with Dr. Benjamin |. 
Bill, Charles 1). Cibbs. George Gookin, H. Frederick Henning, Eli E. Manor. 
Edward Miller, as trustees; Charles D. Blanke as clerk. II. Allien Gibbs as 
treasurer, and Julian M. Carey as member of the county board Mr. Holmes 
is still president, having been relieved only in [904 and 1910. in which years 
John H. Miller was chosen. Mr. Blanke's service as clerk has continued with- 
out an interval. The later treasurers elected were Clarence A. Graves in 
[902, Charles II. Prouty in 1906, Lanson G. Deignan in [908, \. Willis Hyde 


1809. Joseph W. Westlake became assessor in 1902, and William E. Trow in 
1903 and is still in service. Mr. Carey served four years on the county 
board, followed in 1905 by Capt. Theodore A. Fellows, who served till his 
death. February 10, 191 2; and in April Mr. Carey was called back. Dr. Bill 
has been and is vet health officer. 



The land area of the township of Darien is given officially as 22,700 
acres, leaving 340 acres (surveyor's errors excepted) under water. Turtle 
creek comes out of Delavan and flows in the devious way of prairie streams 
for more than eight miles to reach the line of Bradford, in the next county, 
making a sigmoid flexure through sections 13, 12, 11, 10, 15, 16, 21, 17, 18, 
its exit from Darien nearly due west from its entrance. Its tributaries are 
few and small, the two larger ones coming out of Sharon, crossing sections 
32 and 31 near Allen Grove and meeting the Turtle beyond the county line. 
The wooded areas were greatest in sections 3, 4, 9. The smaller forests and 
groves are so distributed through the town as to divide the open country into 
several locally named prairies, as Blooming, Hazel, Ridge, Rock, and Turtle. 
Rock prairie, in the northwestern sections, reaches into neighboring towns, 
and is one of the most fertile in the state. 


County clerk's tables for lyio show a total land value of $2,203,700, 
of which $104,400 is the estimate for two unincorporated villages. Average 
value per acre, $89.83. Acreages of crops: Apple trees, i 14; barley, 4,095; 
beets, 20; corn, 5,564; growing timber, 2,047; hayfield, 3,785 ; oats, 1.535; 
rye, 126; wheat, 200; no potatoes. Numbers and values of live stock: 2,586 
cattle, $67,200; 1,355 hogs. $13,600; 731 horses, $55,400; 9 mules, $610; 
864 sheep, $2,600. Automobiles, 14. The population, at seven federal enum- 
erations, was: 1850, 1,013; i Sl1 ". [,590; 1870, 1,583: 1880, 1,394: [890, 
1,218; 1900, 1.371 ; 1910, 1, 241). 

Town 2 north, range 15 cast, was at first included in the town of Dela- 
van, from which it was detached by legislative action January 6, 1 S40, and 
named from Darien. Genesee county, New York, the last previous home of 
several settlers of influence in the new community. Elijah Belding and Chris- 
topher C. Chcsebrough came in April, 1837, apparently by way of the Phoe- 
nix settlement, making claims respectively in sections 1 1 and 14. Both broke 
land and planted a few acres, and Mr. Chesebrough built a house, though he 


had not yet married. Near the end of May, Joseph and Arthur \V. Maxson 
followed Turtle vale to section 18, where they found passable water power, 
on which, four years later, they built a sawmill and thirteen years later a 
gristmill. In June William H. Moore came to section 15. and Rev. Hiram 
Alvah Kingsley to section 19. Mr. Moore raised, threshed, ground and ate 
the first grain crop raised in Darien. John Bruce, Cyrus and John Lippit, 
Salmon and Trumbull D. Thomas came, the first to section 22, the Lippits to 
section 35, Salmon Thomas to section 12, his brother to section 1. August 
11, 1837, Alfred Delavan Thomas, son of Salmon, was born to other use- 
fulness than hoeing corn or milking cows. 

Within the next four years came Orange \V. and William T. Carter, 
Ebenezer and Jabez B. Chesebrough, John Curtis, Leander Dodge, Charles 
Ellsworth, Jared Fox, Jasper Griggs, Cyrenus N., Kinner, Lemuel and Will- 
iam Hollister, Robert A. Houston. Alvah B., Asher and Hiram A. Johnson, 
Loren K. and Lyman Jones, Robert Law-son, Hugh and Chester D. Long, 
Elisha McCollister, William Gregory Mayhew, Amos Older, Lyman H. 
Seaver, Hiram A. Stone, John Valentine Walker, John and Joseph R. Wil- 
kins, Archibald Woodard, Minthorn Woodhull. 

Before the new town was seven years old it received these accessions to 
its citizenship: Oscar Anderson, Hiram Babcock, Eusebius Barwell, Levi 
Beedle, Dearborn Blake, Levi Blakeman, Willard A. Blanchard, Jeremiah 
Bradway, Philander Brainerd, Lorenzo Carter, John Mudgett Chase, Wash- 
ington Chesebrough, John Clague, George Clapper. Nicholas S. Comstock, 
John B. and Richard Cook. George Cotton, Horace Croswell, Josiah and 
Samuel W. Dodge, James Dudley, Cornelius Dykeman, Walter P. Flanders, 
Asa Foster, Samuel Fowle, Henry Frey, Alexander and James Gallup, Thomas 
George, Homer B. Greenman, Samuel K. Gregory, John Haskell. Silas llaskin, 
John B. Hastings, Robert Hutchinson, Amos Ives, Parley W. fones, Peter 
M. K.eeler. Eli and Henry King, John Sardine Kingsley. Stephen Kinney. 
Timothy Knapp, S. Rees LaBar, Ira P. Larnard, Zebulon T. Lee, David 
Lindsey, James McCay, Newton McGraw, Stephen and Thomas M. Mc 
Hugh, Moses McKee, Thomas M. and William Martin. Alfred A. Mott, 
Joseph Edward Newberry, Jacob and John N. Niskern, Edson P.. ami Will- 
iam Older, Hiram Onderdonk, Amos Otis, Joshua Parish, Nicholas Perry, 
Amasa T. and Ovid Reed. John Reinhardt, Lucius Relyea, Erastus Rood, 
Charles F. and James A. Scofield, John Woodard Seaver, John Martin Sher- 
man. William H. Shimmins, Henry Smith. Charles I'. Soper, Joseph Murray 
Stihvell, Randall Stone. Edwin and Luke Taylor, Ezekiel Trip]), Isaac Vail, 


Abraham and Cornelius Veeder, Josiah Vrooman, George Walker, Alfred 
Watrous, Rial N. Weed, Carey Welch, Victor Moreau Wheeler, Lewis Wil- 
kinson,- John Williams, Ebenezer and John Woodard. 

Christopher Columbus Chesebro, son of Ebenezer and Anna, was born 
in Albany county, November 13, 1S16; died at Darien March 14. 1841. He 
married Maria Johnson, June 12, 1839. 

Jabez Brooks Chesebro (1811-1881), eldest son of Ebenezer, married 
Mary Simpson and had six children. 

Nelson W. Cole (1818-1903) married Harriet (1832-1900), daughter 
of Martin and Esther Post. 

Asa Foster (1807-1857) bought land in sections 22. 30. He married 
Lucy (1810-1881), daughter of Orange Carter and Elizabeth Rumsey. 

Henry Frey (1785-1865) and wife, Amelia J. (1794-1839), must have 
been among the earliest settlers, since Mrs. Frey's tombstone is in the village 
burial ground. Her death, then, is the earliest found in the town. Mr. Frey 
was for some years postmaster, and was an active business man. His son, 
Philip R. Frey, was first railway station agent at Darien, and was transferred 
to the station at Corliss about 1870. 

James Gale (1821-1884) married Phoebe Ann (1826-1903), daughter 
of Frederick Rosekrans and Desire Braman. 

John Brooks Hastings (1815-1902) was born at Pembroke, New York; 
came to Darien in 1843; married in 1846 Hannah Maria (1825-1882), 
daughter of Alexander and Elizabeth Reed. 

Asher Johnson (1 791-1873) came from Steuben county, New York; 
bought land in sections 4, 17, 19, 20. His wife was Amy Smith (1793-1882). 
Sons, Alvah B., Hiram A., John J., and Samuel, and daughter Celeste (Mrs. 
Joseph R. Wilkins). 

Alvah B. Johnson, son of Asher (1812-1899), married, first, Hannah 
Boyce (1818-1845) • second, Jane P. Kerns. 

Zebulon Taylor Lee (1801-1858), son of Ouartus Lee and Keziah John- 
son, was In nil at Willington, Connecticut, and was buried at Allen Grove. 
He married Sabra (1804-1883), daughter of Orange and Elizabeth Carter. 
He bought land in section 32. Of his children were Amelia Josephine (Mrs. 
Dr. John Dickson). Laura Ann (Mrs. Chester IX Long), Almirette (Mrs. 
William II. Babcock). 

Cyrus Lippit (1810-1888). son of Hezekiah and Susan, came from 
I attaraugus county to section 35 in 1838, having married in [832, with his 
wife Lydia ( 1810-1881), sister of John Bruce. She was born at Phelps, Xew 
York, Her sister Susan was ^Irs William Phoenix. 


Ovid Reed (1820-1890), son of Alexander and Elizabeth, born in 
Darien, New York; married Jane M. Seaver, daughter of Joseph W. and 

Erastus Rood 1 [816-1900) married Hannah M. | [826-19P0), daughter 
of John and Susan Wilkins. 

Charles P. Soper (1821-1879), son of Asahel and Clarissa, married, 
first. Harriet C. ( 1820- 1846) ; married, second, in 1N4N. Wealthy I. Gallup 
1 [823-1910). Asahel ( 1790-1846) and Clarissa (1793-1869) died at Darien. 
They were from central New York. 

Salmon Thomas (1 801 -1887) and wife, Elizabeth Stowell (1816-1893), 
removed to Delavan village. 

Trumbull Dorrance Thomas (1806-1889) and wife, Mary Jane (1818- 
1885), also removed to Delavan. He was Salmon's brother. 

John Wilkins (1872-1868) and wife, Susan f 1 794-1851 ) , came from 
New Jersey with sons James (1805-1900) and Joseph Rusling (1817-1907). 
James married Hannah Ferguson ( 1806-1878). Joseph Rusling Wilkins 
married Celeste (1818-1891), daughter of Asher Johnson. 

John Williams, Jr. ( 1 798-1877), married Ann, daughter of Orange and 
Elizabeth Carter. A son. Deloss (1824-1907), married Lydia M. Phelps. 


In 1837 John Bruce built a house near the road to Beloit at the central 
part of section 27. This modest mansion also served as a wayside inn, until 
[843, when his son, James R. Bruce, built a hotel with such substantial 
frame and workmanship that it still serves the purpose of a public house. 
Henry Frey built a store in 1844, and filled it with a large stock of goods. 
A postoffice had been established there in 1839. A hamlet grew slowly about 
these buildings until 1856, in which year Mr. Frey, Hiram A. Stone and 
Edward Topping platted the village of Darien, through the middle of which 
the railway came that year from Racine and onward to Beloit. The new 
station at once became an important point for shipping the abundant grain 
crops of Darien and other towns, and as busy a distributing point for the 
trade in pine lumber. Less grain than then is now raised and forwarded. 
but the station has not lost its relative importance. Before 1862 five grain 
houses were built, severally by Parker M. Cole, Hiram Onderdonk, John 
Williams, John Bruce and M. Bushnell Stone. These have been operated 
by men who knew how to draw and hold trade. 

The village is on slightly uneven ground, bul has no difficult street 
grades. It is generally a few feet higher than at the station, where it is 


945 feet above sea level. It is 9.4 miles from Elkhorn, 65.9 miles from 
Milwaukee (by rail), 84.7 miles from Chicago. It is as yet unincorporated, 
and has about four hundred inhabitants. (In October, 191 1, the village re- 
jected a proposition to incorporate by a decisive majority.) 

Its churches are Baptist and Methodist, each costing about three thou- 
sand dollars. The town of Darien has seven school districts, of which three 
are joint districts. The village supports a graded school, with six teachers, 
doing excellent work. The school house was built in 1903 of red brick, 
two stories high. A town hall, very convenient for many public occasions, 
was built about 1870 and burned July 28, 1909, and with it most of the 
priceless town records. 

In 1897 the Farmers' State Bank was organized with a capital of fifteen 
thousand dollars, John R. Eagan cashier and resident officer. It has a build- 
ing suitable for its purpose. Like most villages in the county, Darien is an 
active dairy center. Its cemetery, northwest of the village, lies on sloping 
ground, and is kept in perfect order. Several of the fathers and mothers of the 
town we're buried there, and also at the Mount Philip cemetery, Allen Grove, 
which lies north of the station, within the town of Darien. The village 
(Darien) has a tidy little park of two or three acres; but, in larger sense, the 
village itself with all one may see, from its higher points, of field and grove 
makes one of the finest parks in Wisconsin. 

Clinton street, Allen Grove, lies along the south line of Darien, in section 
31 ; and the Sidney Allen addition to the village plat lies north of that street. 
The railway keeps to the Darien side, having its station at the top of Allen's 
hill, at an inconvenient distance from the half-abandoned village. Bardwell 
station, or crossing, at first named "Tioga," is in section 32. 2.5 miles from 
Darien and 1.7 miles from Allen Grove. Its station building and its Y's 
are all there is in sight besides the intersecting lines of two divisions of the 
Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul railway system. Why this crossing was not 
made at Darien may be one of the inscrutabilities of railway building. 

As nearly as may now be learned the town and village of Darien fur- 
nished one hundred thirty-eight soldiers for the Civil war. Migration and 
death have so far reduced the number of resident ex-soldiers as to suspend the 
once flourishing Grand Army post. 

The several postmasters were Christopher C. Chesebro, John Bruce. 
Henry Frey, Edward Topping, Moses Bushnell Stone. Nathaniel Wing Hoag, 
Joseph F. Lyon, Charles S. Teeple, George F. Lathrop, Rodney Seaver,* 
Horace Everett Seaver, Edwin E. Park,* Frederick Siperley, John W. Gar- 
butt.* The three whose name- are starred were soldiers of 1861. 



The loss of records, burned with the town hall, makes the official list 
of the town somewhat incomplete; though part has been recovered from 
county clerk's and circuit court clerk's records, and part from newspaper 
files at Delavan and Elkhorn. 


Salmon Thomas 1842, '44, '53 

John Bruce 1843, '45 

Newton McGraw 1846-7 

Gaylord Blair 1848 

George Cotton 1849-52 

Chester Deming Long 1854 

Hiram Averill Johnson 1855, '58 

John Brooks Hastings 1856 

Josiah Dodge 1857 

George \Y. Lamont !8.S9 

Parker M. Cole 1860-62 

John DeWolf 1863, 7 6 - '79 

Horace Everett Seaver 1864 

John J. Johnson 1865-6, 1885-6 

Joseph Foster Lyon 1867-72, '74-5 

Daniel Rodman 1873 

John B. Johnson 1877, '80-1, '84 

Darwin Pratt Clough 1878. '87-1)7 

William P.lakeley 1882-3 

John McFarlane 1898-9. 

John Piper 1900-1 

George Christie 1902-12 


Charles Allen 1875-6, '79 

Isaac \V. Babcock__i867, '79-80, '82-3 

Willard B. Babcock 1861, '78 

George W. Benner 1901-08 

Gaylord Blair 1850 

Byron J. Blakeley 1899-1900 

Willard Blanchard 1849 

Daniel Carey 1885 

Orange Walker Carter 1845, '&9 

George Christie 1886-95, 1900 

Rufus Conable 1850 

George Cotton 1846 

John Cusack 1893-96, '98 

Truman P. Davis 1865 

John DeWolf 1856, '58 

Josiah Dodge 1849 

Lemuel Downs 1878 

Tared Fox 1843 

Cyrenus M. Fuller 1864 

James Gale 1859-60 

Moody Orlando Grinnell 1859 

Wickham H. Griswold 1877, '85 

Lewis E. Hastings 1888-90 

Henry J. Heyer 1898 

Edwin E. Ilillman 1873 

Uriah Schutt Hollister 

1866, '70-2., '74 

Asher Johnson [842, '45, '48. '52 

Hiram Averill Johnson J 853"4 

John J. Johnson 1863 

William B. Johnson 1872 

Abi jali Jones 1862 

Loren Kenney Jones 1844, '60 

George W. Lamont 1858 

Ehenezer Latimer 1851 

Peter M. Latimer 1862 



John Lippit 1843 

Hugh Long 1844 

James W. Long 1891-2, '97 

Alexander A. McKay 1870-1 

Johnson Good well Matteson_i88i-2 

Arthur W. Maxson 1867 

Frank Niskern 1887 

Hiram Onderdonk J85I-3 

Joshua Parish 1854 

Frank Pounder ^97 

Dr. Andrew J. Rodman 1876 

Daniel Rodman 1869 

William Rood 1899 

Horace Everett Seaver 1863, '66 

Lyman Hunt Seaver 1842, '45, '57 

Charles P. Soper__ 1848, '56, '65, '68 

Arthur H. Stewart 1880-1 

Hiram A. Stone 1857 

Israel Stowell 1868, '73 

Charles S. Teeple 1864 

Edgar Topping 1861 

John Milton Vanderhoof 1909-12 

Rial X. Weed 1847 

John Williams 1846-7 

William H. Williams 1874-5, 'yj 

Elmer C. Woodford 1901-11 

Names are wanting for both supervisors in 1884, and for one of them in 
each of the years 1883. '86, '90, and '93; but it is probable that Mr. Chris- 
tie's service was continuous from 1886 to 1896 inclusive. 


Joseph Warren Seaver 1842-6, '57 

Andrew J. Weatherwax 1847 

Jonathan Hastings 1848 

Calvin Serl 1849 

Charles P. Soper 1850-2, '54 

Elias W. Grow 1853 

William A. Waterhouse 1855-6 

Nathaniel Wing Hoag 

1858-62, '64-71 

Orange Williams 1863 

Theron Rufus Morgan 1872, '76-9 

Horace Everett Seaver 1873-5, '85 

John Milton Vanderhoof 

1 880-3, '86-9 

Rile) - S. Young 1890-7 

George L. Reed 1898-11)1-' 


Loren Kenney Jones 1842 

Hiram A. Stone 1843 

Leander Dodge 1844 

\.sa Foster 1845-6 

Jonathan Hastings 1847 

Henry Frey 1848-9 

Hugh Long 1850, '59 

William A. Waterhouse 

'51-2, '57-8, '61-2, '64, '68 

Lyman Hunt Seaver ^53 

James Gale 1854 

William Harper 1855, '60 

John I). Older 1856 

John S. Hodge 1863 



Joseph Foster Lyon 1865-6 

John Milton Vanderhoof 1869 

Leroy Dodge 1870 

Avery H. Stone 1871-2 

Lucius C. Waite 1873-4 

James Stryker 1875-6 

Darwin Pratt Clough 1877 

Rodney Seaver- 1878-80, '82, '85-90 

William Edwin Clough 1881, '87 

Edwin E. Park 1883-4 

John McFarlane 1891-5 

Henry J. Heyer 1896 

James Thorpe 1897-1912 


Ellis S. Barrett 1911-12 

Edwin Buck Carter 1885-88 

John S. Dodge 1862-64 

John Gilbert 1910-12 

Orvellus Henry Gilbert- 1860-4, '72-4. 
Nicholas Montgomery Harring- 
ton 1861-6 

William Harrison 1859-61 

Uriah Schutt Hollister 1867-8 

Hiram Averill Johnson 1887-8 

George W. Lamont 1863-7 

Chester Deming Long 1877-82 

James W. Long 1888-9 

Joseph Foster Lyon 1863-9, 74 _(l 

Arthur \Y. Maxson__ 1864-6, '69-71 
Peter J. Miserez 1900-1 

Washington Mulks_ 1890-2, '99-1901 

Eugene D. Odell 1885-7, '89-93 

Dr. Andrew Jackson Rodman 


Adna Viles Sawyer 1897-1910 

David H. Seaver, bet. 1896 and 1905 

Horace Everett Seaver 1881-3 

Calvin Serl 1860-1, '64-6 

Edwin II. Smith__ 1878-94, '97-1902 

Charles P. Soper 1866-70 

Calvin Graham Sperry 1866-8 

Moses Bushnell Stone 1859-61 

John Milton Vanderhoof 1871-7 

Bert H. Welch 1895-6 

David Williams 1869-79, '82-99 

Archibald Woodard 1870-8 



At the first division of the county, January 2, 1838, for town govern- 
ment the southwestern quarter was named Delavan. The Phoenix brothers 
sought thus to dedicate a newly planted community to total abstinence from 
the use as beverages of spirituous and malt liquors, wine and cider. Ed- 
ward Cornelius Delavan, a rich man of Albany, took an early part and 
became a leader of great personal influence in the temperance movement of 
the later thirties, which increased noticeably for some years thereafter. The 
organization, founded on a belief in the efficacy of moral suasion, was volun- 
tary, and without other ritual than a publicly taken pledge. Officially named 
the New York State Temperance Society, its members were better known 
as "Washingtonians." Mr. Delavan's social position, as well as his ability and 
earnestness, made his name a household word in temperance families until 
his fame was eclipsed, about 1850, by Neal Dow, the apostle of "legal sua- 
sion." In their sales and leases of real estate in their new town and village 
the Phoenix proprietors inserted a covenant, in effect, that no liquor should 
ever be sold on land conveyed or left by them. But this stipulation did not 
long outlast their own short lives. 

The town of Walworth (with Sharon) was set off in 1839, and the 
town of Darien early in the next year, leaving the name Delavan to town 2 
north, range 16 east. One more dismemberment, February 2, 1846, gave 
section 1 to the new town of Elkhorn. Of seven measurements recorded 
by the state topographers the highest and lowest points were respectively 
nine hundred and sixty-eight ami nine hundred and five feet above sea-level. 
The higher ground is in the vicinity of Delavan lake.- — on both sides and at 
its foot, — at points along it ^ outlel ami on hanks of Turtle creek, and in 
the sections lying nearest the town of Sugar Creek. 

Delavan lake is second in area and only in that way inferior in its nat- 
ural beauty to Geneva lake. It is about three and one-half miles long, from 
a half-mile to a mile in breadth, and its greatest depth, near its middle point, 
is fifty-six and seven-tenths feet. Its largest inlet. Jackson's creek, comes 
from Geneva into the town at section 12 and crosses sections 14 and 22 to 
reach the foot of the lake. A much smaller stream comes out of Walworth, 


crosses sections 33, 34 for less than a mile, and meets the lake near its tipper 
end. Its one outlet, opposite the mouth of the larger inlet, takes a swan- 
necked course to reach the Turtle near the city of Delavan. A widening 
of Turtle creek, near by, locally named Lake Como, completed the sugges- 
tion to Pottawattomie imagination of the body, neck, and head of the bird 
from which they named the lake and its outlet. Turtle creek comes out of 
Richmond into section 6, enters Darien from section 18, and winds its way to 
the Rock near Beloit. The so-called island, which at wettest seasons has been 
really an island, rises high above the water level, at the head of the lake, as 
if to mask a small marsh which was part of the primitive lake-basin. 

The farms at the broad foot of the lake are among the finest in the 
county. They were owned for many years by the Mabie brothers and their 
heirs, but have passed into other ownership. The high banks of the lake, 
once well-wooded and now not wholly bare, are lined with summer homes, 
hotels, parks, picnic grounds and steamer landings, — and, in brief, the Algon- 
quin fishermen's Wah-ba-shaw-bess has become the white men's highly civ- 
ilized Delavan lake. Whatever changes have been or may be made, the lake 
itself and the natural height and slope of its containing walls will remain; 
and the Pottawattomie' s grandson may fish as of yore in Swan lake, but 
must first buy the county clerk's license and must submit his catch to the 
game warden's count. The Delavan Lake Assembly Association's ground, 
about thirty-seven acres, fully equipped with auditorium and other suitable 
buildings, lies at the head of the outlet. Its yearly meetings bring visitors 
from far beyond the county borders, and have had their part in making the 
little lake a part of the geography of American inland waters, not to know 
which argues one's self unknown and as having yet something of rational 
interest to learn. About thirty-five years ago a steamer, the "D. A. Olin," 
was built and launched, but was found rather too large for practical use. The 
present flotilla is two small serviceable steamers and numerous unregistered 

The land area of the town of Delavan is 18,751 acres, valued at $2,629,- 
000, an average value $140.25 per acre. Crop acreages for 1910 were: Bar- 
ley, 1,556; corn, 345: growing timber, 1,183; hayfields, 3.038; oats, 1,769; 
orchards, 54; potatoes, 135; rye, 166; wheat, 28. There were nine automo- 
biles. The population of town and village in 1850 was 1,268. At the six 
following federal enumerations it was for the town: i860, 890; 1870, 821; 
1880, 930; 1890, 667; 1900, 993; 1910, 903. 

Col. Samuel F. Phoenix having discovered the lake, its outlet, and the 
point at which the road from Racine to Janesville must cross the swan's 


neck, chose his lands by quarter-sections and half-quarters in sections 15, 
20, 21, 22, 33, 34. He built his cabin in section 15, near the foot of the 
lake. Henry Phoenix entered land in sections 7, 17. 18, 19, 20, 21. The 
brothers jointly entered parts of sections 23, 24, 28, 29. Section 18 includes 
the site of their village. These men dealt justly and liberally with other 
men who came to build and people the rising city. The Phoenixes came 
with enough money for their enterprise, and their money, business abilities, 
and personal character and qualities gave them proportionate influence as 
long as they lived. A house was built early enough in 1836, on the east 
bank of the outlet and within the village as soon afterward platted, to admit 
their cousin, William Phoenix, and wife Susan, with their family and board- 
ers, as occupants, in October. Allen Perkins had also built earlier in the year, 
at a point on Turtle creek, within section 18, but did not stay long. In 1837 
Colonel Phoenix brought his wife and son from Perry, New 7 York, and 
Henry's family came in 1838. 

A saw-mill was built between the village and the lake in 1838, and was 
at once set at work to turn out materials for a grist-mill, at the village. In 
1838 a stock of goods was brought and set out for sale, at first near the 
saw-mill, but a few weeks later at the house in the village. One of the 
earliest revenue measures of the county commissioners was to impose a deal- 
er's license fee of ten dollars on the firm of H. & S. F. Phoenix ; but it does 
not appear in record that the county commissioners licensed a tavern in town 
or village. 

No registry of arrivals was ever made and preserved, but the persons 
here named probably came to village or town by or before 1843: Abner 
Adams, William C. Allen, Ira Andrus, James Aram, John Auchampaugh, 
William Averill, Enoch Bailey and sons, Henry, Nehemiah and Samuel W. 
Barlow, William A. Bartlett, Richard Beals (wife Lucy Beardsley), Richard 
S. Bond, Daniel Bowen (d. i860), Peter Boys (1783-1855), Jeremiah Brad- 
ley, Cyrus, Edwin, and Ichabod Brainard f 1 776-1855) , Martin Brooks, Isaac 
Burson, Chester P., Hiram, and Nelson Calkins. David Perry Calkins, Luther 
Chapin, Jonathan C. Church, Daniel Clough, John Dalton (1800-1887) and 
wife Ellen, Edmund Dickenson, I.azarus W. Ellis, John Evans, James F. 
Flanders, Walter Flansburg. Daniel G. Foster, Abraham Fryer, John and 
Stephen P. Fuller, Daniel Gates, Levi Gloyd, Marcellus B. Goff (1808-1884), 
Jasper Griggs, Benjamin F. and Henry Hart, Edwin A. and William Hol- 
linshead, Edward B. Hollister, Isaac C. Howe (1793-1887), Dr. Hender- 
son Hunt, John James, Asa G., Milo, and Samuel C. Kelsey, Daniel E. 
La Bar, James H. Mansfield, Hilas Meacham, Lewis H. Miller. Tames Mof- 


fatt, John Murray, Edward Norris, Alvin B. and Chauncey Parsons, George 
Passage, Webster Pease, Ira C. and Ransom Perry, Truman Pierce (1787- 
j 8(1(1 1. Thomas Potter, Joseph Rector, James Richardson (1781-1846), Peter 
Robinson, John I. Scrafford, John B. Shepard, Erastus Stoddard, Israel 
Stowell, Philo S. Sykes, Aaron H. Taggart, Hiram Terry, Rev. Henry Top- 
ping, Ira and Samuel Utter, Jeremiah Philbrook Ward, Eleazar Gaylord War- 
ren, Thomas Wells, Lewis H. Willis, James Wilson, John Yost. 

Ichabod Brainard (1776-1855) married a second wife, Mary (born 
1 779)> daughter of John Cleveland and Eunice Cutler. Cyrus was their 
son, as was probably Edwin, who married Mary A., daughter of William 
and Ann Phoenix. 

Isaac Burson (1810-1881) was son of James Burson and Deborah 
Stroud, and was born in Monroe county, Pennsylvania. He was a brother 
of Mrs. William Hollinshead. He lived unmarried, and died at Elkhorn, 
March 5, 1881. His burial was delayed for some days by the memorable 
snow blockade of that year. He bought land in section 4, Delavan, and 
sections 20, 33, Sugar Creek. 

Chester Porter Calkins (1818-1890) married Catharine, daughter of 
Abraham Sperbeck. He was buried at East Delavan. 

Jonathan C. Church (1811-1870) married Dorcas, daughter of Thomas 
James and Dorcas Perry. 

Rev. James F. Flanders married Ann Elizabeth Porter, June 4, 1839. 
It is not shown where this marriage took place, but it was within the larger 
town of Elkhorn. 

Daniel Oilman Foster (1802), son of Daniel Foster and Al.m Davis, 
a native of New Hampshire, married Caroline, daughter of Daniel Brainard ; 
came from Perry, New York, in 1838 and bought land in sections 7, 21. 

Stephen P. Fuller married Man. daughter of Nehemiah Barlow and 
Orinda Steele. His sister. Loraine P.. Fuller, was Doctor Hunt's firsl wife. 

Daniel Stroud Hollinshead (1812-1869), son of James Hollinshead and 
Sarah Stroud, married Rachel Sherrod (1807-1853)- Edwin Augustus and 
William were his brothers. The former bought land in section 34, Sugar 

Edward Brigham Hollister (1823-1801), son of Seth L. Hollister and 
Catharine Brigham, married Harriet, daughter of Francis Eaton. 

Milo and Samuel C. Kelsey were sons of Samuel Kelsey and Elizabeth 
Carver, of Sherburne, New York. Sarah Ann. their sister, was wife of 
Colonel Phoenix. Asa G. Kelsey's relationship may have been that of brother 


or of cousin. Milo was the first lawyer at Delavan. Samuel C. was a sur- 
veyor, teacher and architect. He married Caroline M., daughter of Colonel 

Daniel Edwin La Bar (1789-1839) married Hannah (1793-1856), 
daughter of Samuel Rees and Rachel Stroud (1774-1854). He came in 
1839 to sections 6. 7. His son, Samuel Rees La Bar (1820-1896). came in 
the same year. His wife was Harriet Nuel, daughter of Rev. Henry Topping 
and Nuel Van Doren. 

Ira C. Perry bought land in section 31. April 5, 1843, he married Ann 

Truman Pierce (1787-1866) bought in section 31. His wife, Lucy, was 
born in 1793. Two of his sons-in-law were Kirtland G. Wright and Calvin 
Carrington. He and his mother, Mary (1755-1852), were buried at East 

Joseph Rector (1806-1869) with wife. Alary Ann McDougal ( 1S09- 
1875), settled in section 34, but a few years later moved into Walworth. 

John Bisby Shepard (1803-1875) was a son of Pelatiah Shepard and 
Elizabeth Thompson, of Fulton county, New York. He married Rachel 
(1806-1872), daughter of Benjamin Willis and Bridget Cole, and had five 
children. Of these, Sabra Amelia was wife of Reuben H. Bristol, Mary 
Selina was Mrs. Edward Colman, and Linus Delavan married Clarissa Zu- 
lemma, daughter of Adna Sawyer and Serena Norton Viles (widow of Ben- 
jamin Home). 

Israel Stowell (1812-1876), native of New Hampshire, married Mary 
M., daughter of Truman Jones and Elizabeth Kinne. He came to the village 
in 1838, and it is told that he built the first framed house, opened the first 
tavern, and placed a stagg-coach on the route between Delavan and Chicago. 
A year before his death he married a second time. 

Aaron Hardin Taggart (1816-1874) bought land in section 21, but be- 
came one of the earliest business men of Delavan. He married, in 1846, 
Martha (1826-1905), daughter of Henry Phoenix and Ann Jennings. They 
had seven children. 

Ira ('.. John (born 1825* and Samuel Utter 1 1807-1898) were sons of 
Abraham Utter and Marinda Beardsley, of Washington county. New York. 
John married Louisa Amanda, daughter of Winsor Lapham. Samuel came 
in 1843 with his second wife, Harriet A. Winston (1823-1906). 

Lewis Henry Willis (1817-1886). son of William Willis and Elizabeth 


Hoyt, came from Sparta, New York, to Delavan in 1840, to section 23. His 
first wife, Mary M., was daughter of Orsamus Bowers. In 1872 he married 
Elizabeth, daughter of Jacob Adriance. of Scipio, New York. 

Chauncey D. Woodford (1827-1891) was son of Austin (1785-1866) 
and Roxana (1793-1856).. He married Sarah Fenton 1 1828-1864), daugh- 
ter of Moses Ball and Lucinda Holland. He was the first wagon-maker and 
blacksmith at East Delavan corners. 

About 1843 Truman Pierce, Samuel Utter, Kirtland G. Wright and 
Calvin Carrington, farmers living near the intersection of the highway be- 
tween Delavan and Lake Geneva, with the north and south road dividing 
section 25 from section 26, chose that point as one convenient for a store, 
repair shops, and whatever else might develop there. In no long time a 
school house and church followed. The store has always had a good local 
trade and its business lias generally been in good hands. The other buildings 
were displaced by larger and better ones, and a convenient town hall was 
added to the group. A butter factory, in operation for several years past, 
was burned in June, 191 1. It has been rebuilt with hollow cement blocks. 
Its monthly receipt of milk was about one hundred and twenty-five thousand 
pounds, and its monthly product of butter about three thousand five hundred 

A postoffice was established about 1872, a station on the star-route from 
Elkhorn to Harvard. The recent institution of rural free delivery service 
has divided the postal business of the eastern half of the town of Delavan 
between route No. 2, Lake Geneva, and route No. 2, Elkhorn, the village 
being served from the Lake Geneva office. In the village are about a dozen 
dwellings and fifty inhabitants. Its always prosperous Baptist church, or- 
ganized in 1843, has a resident pastor, now Rev. William A. Weyrauch. The 
town hall houses a small public library. Nearly a mile and one-half away, 
at the northeast corner of section 36, is a little church of the Latter-day 
Saints, founded by a few persons who chose not to follow President Young. 
Henry Southwick was its spiritual leader for many years. A mile west of 
this church, at the corner of section 26, and three-quarters of a mile south of 
the village, is the small but sufficient and neatly kept East Delavan cemetery, 
where one may read on marble and granite several names of the fathers and 
mothers of the township. 

The official lists of Delavan town (and city 1 an- slightly imperfect, 
though not discontinuous. 




William Ayres Bartlett 1842 

Dr. Henderson Hunt 1843 

William Phoenix 1844-5 

Charles Holmes Sturtevant — 1846-7 

Samuel Jones _ 1848 

Henry Mallorv 1849 

Asa Congdon 1850 

Stephen Steele Barlow 1851 

Dr. Norman L. Gaston 1852 

Aaron Hardin Taggart 1853 

Joseph L. Mott 1854 

Edward P. Conrick 1855-9 

Salmon Thomas 1860-1 

James Aram 1862-74 

Henry George Hollister 1875-97 

Thomas F. Williams . — 

1898-9, 1906-10 

Winsor Sales Dunbar 1900-1 

Cyrus H. Serl 1902 

Herman A. Briggs x 903-5 

Bernard Conry 1911-12 


Alexander H. Allyn 1877-82 

James Aram 1850-1, '59-61 

Charles Stewart Bailey 

1842, '47, '54 
Levi Parsons Bailey 

1857, '04-5, '73 

Henry Barlow 1866-72 

Samuel W. Barlow 1853-8 

Silas Van Xess Barlow 1876 

Peter Boys 1847 

Herman A. Briggs 1888-91 

Hiram Calkins 1843 

Jonathan C. Church 1843 

Moses R. Cheever 1859 

Daniel Clark 1853 

Homer Coleman 1864-5 

Asa Congdon 1849 

Fred D. Cowles 1900-2 

James Dilley 1852 

Lemuel Downs 1892-7 

Winsor Sales Dunbar 1899 

George W. Farrar 1893-7 

Edward F. Fiedler iqti-12 

Clinton Quincy Fisk 1898 

James M. Gaskill 1861-2 

William Hollinshead 1845, '74"5 

Henry George Hollister 1866-73 

Job J. Hollister 1906-9 

Milton L. Hollister 1874 

William S. Howe l! ~v5-' 1 

Samuel Jones 1847 

Phineas Dudley Kendrick_i855, '58 

Samuel Rees La Bar 1856-7 

Ebenezer Latimer J 863 

John S. McDougal 1879-91 

Henry Mallorv 1846, '63 

Hilas Meacham 1862 

William M. Mereness 1003-4 

George Passage 1844. '46 

John Prudames !9°5 

William Redford 1877-8 

Cyrus H. Serl 1898-1002 

John Strong 1903-4 

Ira C. Utter 1845 

Samuel Utter .1850. '55-6. '60, '62 
John M. Walker 1883-7 


Herbert J. Welcher 1906-9 William C. Wirikleman 1905 

lewis D. Williams 1911-12 Kirtland G. Wright 1849, '5 1 

Richard Williams 1854 


Stephen Steele Barlow 1842-3 

Cyrus Brainard 1844-5 

Hugh Bradt 1846, '50-2 

Charles Smith 1847-8 

Samuel Carver Kelsey 1849 

Enoch Henry Martin Bailey__ 1853-4 

George Frank H. Betts 1855 

Henry J. Briggs 1856 

Charles M. Bradt 1857-8 

James S. Dilley 1859 

Sardis Brainard 1860-1 

Ebenezer K. Barker 1862 

Charles E. Griffin 1863, '66-9 

Kinner Newcomb Hollister 1864 

Hiram Terry Sharp 1865 

Tra Pratt Larnard 1870-90 

A. Harvey Lowe 1891-7 

Henry P. Hare 1898-1900 

Orville S. Smith 1901-12 


Jasper Griggs 1842-3 

Hezekiah Wells 1844 

Alfred Stewart 1845, '48 

Aaron H. Taggart 1846 

Joseph D. Monell, Jr. 1847 

William Willard Isham 1849 

Philetus S. Carver 1850 

William Clark 1851-2 

Stephen S. Babcock 1853 

William Wallace Bradley 1854-5 

Charles Smith 1856-7 

George F. H. Betts 1858 

Edwin W. Phelps 1859 

Benjamin D. White i860 

Charles I T. Sanborn r86i 

Sardis Brainard 1862 

James F. Latimer 1863 

Newton McGraw 1864-6 

Henry C. Hunt 1867-8 

Elijah Matteson Sharp 1869-72 

Norman A. Keeler 1873 

Frank A. Smith 1874 

William B. Mnnsell 1875-6 

William TT. Nichols 1877-8 

Isaac Young Filzer 1879-80 

Dr. George FT. Briggs 1881-2 

Henry C. Johnson 1883-97 

K'os. S. Smith T1S98 

Romain M. Calkins 1890-1004 

Wallace C. Austin 1905- 12 


Allen Bennett 76-80. '82-4 

Stephen S. Babcock T 877-9 

Arthur Bowers 1892-4, '97-9 

Henry W. Clark 1860-62 

Or. Daniel B. Devendorf 1N71 

Edward J. Dodd 1887 



George Frederick Flanders 1886-90 

Charles E. Griffin 1862-4 

David B. Harrington 1886-90 

Henry C. Johnson 1890-2 

Henry C. Kishner 1891-3 

Newton McGraw 1854-74 

Silas W. Menzie 1871-82 

Wilbur J. Reynolds 1900-03 

Alfred Stephens Spooner 

1872-6, '92-4 

Charles Holmes Sturtevant 


Abner Van Dyke 1879-83 

Ernest L. Yon Suessmilch 1894-8 

Henry W. Weed 1893-5 

Richard Williams 1859-61. '65-8 

Thomas F. Williams 

1879-83. '94-1912 

Lewis Henry Willis 1861-3, '75-7 

Frank A. Winn 1890-2 

Philip Stephen Wiswell 1900 

Chauncey D. Woodford 

1863-75, '87-91 



Colonel Phoenix, his brother, and his cousin, platted their village and 
settled in it in 1837, and they had not long to wait for lot buyers and neigh- 
bors. The Colonel's early death, and that of his brother, about two years 
later, were most regrettable, for their character and practical abilities g.v.-e 
them influence and weight; but these events did not arrest progress. The 
cousin remained a few more years and left the county before the village 
was incorporated. 

Among the earlier business men were James Aram, W. Wallace Brad- 
ley, Col. Caleb and Edwin Croswell, Nicholas M. Harrington. Joseph D. 
Monell. Jr., George Passage, Aaron H. Taggart, Thomas Topping and Heze- 
kiah Wells. Rev. Henry Topping came in 1839 to Darien and was induced 
to settle at Delavan in 1841, in which year came also Dr. Henderson Hunt. 

No village can exist permanently without a blacksmith. In 1840 Alonzo 
McGraw came thus to confirm the site of the coming city. \V. Willard 
Isham came in 1845 as a wagonsmith, and with Charles H. Sturtevant as 
wheelwright and partner, important trade was soon brought l" Delavan. 
As the village and neighboring farm lands were settled men came in from 
their fields and resumed the mechanical or commercial occupations to which 
they had been bred but which they had dropped awhile. One intimate!}- ac- 
quainted with men of the first half-century of the county would find rnanj 
farmers who had been bred to village occupations, and a few who had seen 
human life far more broadly 

The grist-mill, built in 1839, passed successively, with continuous im- 
provement, to the Croswell-. the Mabies (who rebuilt it in 1853), and to 
Amos Phelps. The Delavan flour was of the best in the county markel 
When wheat was no longer raised in 01 near the county it was and is yel im- 
ported by rail for local grinding. 

William Phoenix built his house in 1837 and made it serve for a short 
time as a hotel. This was on the bank of the outlet, at the upper end of 
Terrace street. Within two or three years he built again, for hotel purpose 
only, near the lower end of Walworth avenue, and sold or leased the prem 

' (17) 


ises in 1841 to Israel Stowell. In 1843 Ezekiel Tripp took the house for a 
short term. He also sold rights to make or use a patented substitute for 
tallow candles or candlesticks, by which some of his customers burned their 
fingers badly. Philetus S. Carver followed him, but, becoming sheriff, he 
made way in 1845 for one Harkness, from Darien, who in some way ob- 
tained a license to sell the strong drink which the Phoenixes had sought to 
keep out of Delavan forever. Charles H. Sturtevant built his bar-room 
fixtures and was severely censured by his fellow members of the temperance 
society for so aiding and abetting the introduction of an abomination. Henry 
H. Phoenix and a Mr. Babcock had each a short period as landlord. 

In 1846 Horace Duryee, a shoemaker, built a new house, long known 
as the Delavan House, or "white hotel." His capital was said to have been 
"a black sheepskin and a side of sole-leather." He let his house to Ward 
Mallory, who kept a well-ordered hotel for the next six years. Then came 
Hagarnan & Southworth, followed by Mr. Eaton. In i860 Chester W. 
Phillips became owner and landlord. In 1863 he extended it and raised it 
to three stories, and leased it to Mr. Hobbs, after whom came Greenleaf W. 
Collins. Edwin M. Strow bought the house in i860 and occupied it till his 
death, May 20, 1893. Mrs. Strow continued its business until the great fire 
of that year removed an old landmark. 

Franklin K. Phoenix built a brick hotel, of three stories, in 1848. His 
first tenant was William lloyt. who presently made way for Stowell & 
Jones, but returned, to be succeeded by Milo Kelsey, whose tenure was soon 
ended by his death. Mrs. Sarah A. Phoenix then conducted the business 
until relieved by Ralph Lathrop. in whose time the house fell into some local 
disfavor. It was closed for a short time as a hotel and opened as a private 
academy. Dates and, perhaps, names are wanting within this and a later 
period of quickly following change. Daniel Ostrom kept the house in 1859 
and [860, if not one or more years later. In [865 Ward LVfallory bought, 
refitted, and occupied it until 1868, when he sold it to Elon Andrus, who 
came from Lake Geneva. This proprietorship may have continued for fifteen 
years and was followed by Benjamin Bassler, Greenleaf \V. Collins, Mr. 
Erchinbeck, Mr. Longley, Mrs. Strow. and possibly others, in uncertain 
order. About 1009 this ancient hostelry was converted to other uses, never 
again, it is probable, to supply solid comfort and liquid delight to either 
traveler or citizen. 

On the blackened site of the Delavan House arose in [894 the Hotel 
Delavan, built and equipped in one of the styles of that year for Wisconsin 
cities of the fourth class — thai is. outwardly hisrh and not unsightly and com- 


fortable and convenient in modern ways within. Clarence W. Bartram built 
the new house and kept it four or five years, when it passed to John B. De- 
laney. and thence severally to William Bowman, of Racine, Mrs. Barrett and 
her sons, and lastly to William Bowers of Burlington. 

The Mabie Brothers came to Delavan in 1850 and bought farm property 
as well as interests in the village, and thereafter wintered their menagerie, 
live stock — horses and wild beasts — near the lower end of the lake. Thus, 
this became the starting point of each season's tour of the states. As the 
Mabies raised and bought grain, turned out good flour and plenty of it, and 
made dates for show performances at home, the citizens of the village and 
its neighborhood were supplied at lowest market rates w ith these prime needs 
of Romans — "bread and circuses" — and the Caesars, had they reigned at 
Delavan. could not have done these things better. Other men. whose exper- 
ience had been gained in the service of the Mabies. or who were influenced by 
the example of their success, set out from time to time with traveling shows, 
for one or more seasons each. For twenty years the city and the circus were 
associated in the minds of severely-moral editors in the far northern counties, 
half of whom mispelled the name of the "wickedest town in Wisconsin." and 
none of whom dared to offend rich sinners living north of Winnebago lake. 
Delavan circus owners were reputable and useful citizens, and their men. 
armed with tent stakes, could hold their own against the midnight assaults of 
gangs that thought no deed was so finely heroic as to "clean out" a circus. All 
that, for Delavan. has so long ago passed away that one now living must be 
well past middle age who last saw a Delavan circus. 

Xicholas M. Harrington may have been in [853 the first banker at Dela- 
van: but was not. as has been told, the first in the county. That distinction. 
such as it was, belonged to Mr. Richardson, who opened the Rank of Geneva 
in [848. In his appreciative autobiography, Mr. Harrington mentioned with- 
out wearisome dates or other useful details his various private and public 
utilities. Since he who knew the affairs of this bank, if bank it was, from 
the inside, has left its tale untold, it can be inferred here only that it was most 
likely useful to its patrons, and that it closed without great disaster to himself. 

Railwav prospects for Delavan brightened in [854 and her liberal aid in 
village bonds and individual subscriptions made certain hei earl) connection 
with all that part of the world which really moves. Business in real estate 
increased at once in anticipation of the first train arrival, and other businesses 
joined the forward march. The track layers stopped at Burlington for the 
winter of 1^55-6. but resumed work before the frost was out of the ground, 
reaching the village about May. For a few months Delavan became a term- 


inal station, with a rough shed for engine shelter, while the work was pushed 
forward, reaching Beloit in that year. Early in the same hopeful year the 
Walworth County Bank was organized, with William C. Allen as president 
and William W. Dinsmore as cashier. It was then, or a little later, owned 
mostly by W. Augustus Ray and Henry M. Ray, his father. In 1865 the 
First National Bank grew out of the older bank, with Otho Bell as president 
and \V. Augustus Ray as cashier. Its other principal incorporators were Will- 
iam C. Allen, Alanson H. and D. Bennett Barnes, Ira Ford, Sarah P. Kel- 
sey, Ebenezer Latimer. Jeremiah Mabie, Lafayette Pitkin, Henry M. Ray, 
Charles Thaddeus Smith, Warren VY. Sturtevant. Alfred D. and Salmon 
Thomas. In 1880 this bank closed and was succeeded by the banking house 
of F. Latimer & Company, with A. Hastings Kendrick as cashier. Mr. Lati- 
mer died in 1910, but the bank retained his name until 191 1, when it became 
the Wisconsin State Bank. Its capital is $30,000, its deposits about $400,000. 
Mr. Kendrick is now president and Charles H. Shulz is cashier. 

The Citizens Bank of Delavan began business in March, 1875, with Frank 
Leland as president and Charles B. Tallman as cashier. The leading stock- 
holders were Otho Bell, James II. Cam]), George Cotton. John DeWolf, 
Jamin H. Goodrich, W. Willard Isham, T. Perry James. Henry G. Reichwald, 
and Charles S. Teeple. At present its capital is $50,000, its deposits about 
$600,000. Both these banks are now in buildings designed for their purpose, 
handsome and substantial without, businesslike and suitable within. Both 
banks have passed the perils of infancy, and may be regarded as institutions 
— things that do noi pass away. 

Men of Delavan early enough saw the importance to their village of 
local manufacturing, and good workmen found no want of encouragement 
even if their capital was but small. Wagon simps, planing mill, foundry. 
pump-works, lack factory, shoe factory were among many undertakings 
which, each in its turn, was forced, sooner or later, to yield to conditions 
imposed by the newer system of factory production that has so effectually 
Forced apart the local manufacturer and his home customer. Mr, [sham be- 
gan in 1 N-| 5 a shop for blacksmith and general woodwork which soon became 
a prosperous wagon and carriage shop. With changing partnerships and 
readjustments of the business he persevered for about a quarter century, and 
then went into oilier business. 

The pump and windmill works began in [861, owned by Trumbuil D, 
Thomas, followed by a long list of linns and single owners, the best remem- 
bered of whom were Patrick Gormlej and ( (liver G Stowell. This enterprise 
continued for twenty or thirty vears to make Delavan known far and wide 


by its works. Tlie tack factor)', not owned by Delavan men, occupied tbe 
pump-shop building for a few years and then its machinery and business were 
taken elsewhere. 

Men of Chicago came in 1003 with the Globe Knitting Works. The 
late \V. W. Bradley's successors became managers in 1905, having formed a 
company of stockholders, with an investment of $300,000. The works have 
been greatly extended and improved. Their production is mostly "sweaters" 
of high quality and in many styles and colors. About three hundred persons 
are employed steadily, mostly drawn from Delavan and its vicinity. The 
effect of such an enterprise on the general prosperity of the city is noticeable. 
The present officers of the company are John J. Phoenix, president: William 
B. Tyrrell, vice-president: Ithel B. Davies, treasurer; William II. Tyrrell, 


The newspapers of Delavan began in 1852 with the Walworth County 
Journal, by John C. Bunner, with help from open-handed citizens. In 1855 
the way was clear for Joseph Baker and William M. Doty, with the Delavan 
Messenger, and with liberal help, for the village needed and would have a local 
newspaper. In 1857 Mr. Baker and James W. Lawton re-named the paper 
Delavan Northron, a name indicating the political sentiment of editors and 
patrons. Henry L. Devereux, an old-time printer, bought Mr. Baker's in- 
terest and soon sold it to Mr. Lawton. who changed the name in [862 to Pela- 
van Republican. P.. G. Wheeler put forth the Patriot in [861, hut it was soon 
merged, name and all. in the older concern, which for two or three years 
joined the two named and then became again the Republican. Messrs. \. I). 
Wright and Andrew J. Woodbury bought the office at Mr. Lawton's death. 
in iSji. and a few months Later Mr. Wright was sole owner, lie was an 
excellent printer and competent editor. In 1874 he removed to Rockford 
and the new owners placed Frank Leland temporarily in editorship. I le 
retired in April. 1875. and George B. Tallman appeared as editor and printer. 
The owners, then, or soon thereafter, were Charles B. and George B. Tall- 
man. D Bennetl Barnes and Cyrus Williams. Another change left the Tail- 
mans in full control. 

George B. Tallman's local editorship had a half-reckless, off-hand, good 
humored quality, unmatched elsewhere in the county, and hi- paper was very 
readable whenever his press happened to stand nearh level and the ink to !»• 
evenly distributed ; for he was no pressman, though lie was a rapid type-setter. 
Weekly, throughout the years, he would stand upright at hi a 1 without 


written copy, talking, laughing, whistling, and set up a column of ''local items" 
— crisp, racy, slangy — increasing in length from a half-line to four or five 

Wilbur G. Weeks, a better printer and more careful editor than Tall- 
man, bought the office in 1881, improved its equipment and its business, and 
made the Republican good property. He sold it in 1908 to A. S. Hearn of 
Dodgeville, from whom it passed in October, 1909, to Maurice Morrissey, with 
L. F. Malany as business manager. 

In 1859 G. W. D. Andrews, then on an informal furlough from service 
in the regular army, came to stay the rising tide of Republicanism by printing 
a few numbers of the Walworth County Sovereign. This paper's short career 
was ended by fire, and its portly editor was afterwards arrested as a deserter. 

A boy of Darien, Frank P. Howard, aged about sixteen, owner of a 
make-shift press and as much half-worn type as he could lift easily, came 
this way in 1898 to publish the Delavan Tribune. The boy had natural 
aptitudes which more judiciously guided and encouraged might have made 
him a useful man. To begin as master of a calling of which he had learned 
no part was to set out by a short but rugged road to failure. But the poor boy 
had done something to make a second paper at Delavan, and his foolish ven- 
ture led to something better. He died early. 

The Delavan Enterprise began in 1878 under ownership of competent 
printers and with vigorous editorship, namely, that of Clarence R. and Edgar 
W. Conable. of an old county family. Though a Republican paper, the 
Enterprise, in 1882. joined the rebellion against Charles G. Williams, who 
was in that year defeated at the congressional election. Hiram T. Sharp, a 
lawyer and a gentleman, became owner and editor in 1884. He was not a 
printer, nor had he been trained to editorship. He could only make the En- 
terprise clean and decent, like himself, and keep it so. lie sold it in 1893 
to Grant D. Harrington (.son of an old and worthy citizen of Delavan). who 
became its editor for the next live years. David B. Harrington, an uncle, 
who was a printer and an old-time editor, sometimes contributed to campaign 
discussion and showed younger men what editorship was of yore. The younger 
Harrington has since said that he can not "point with pride" to anything in 
his editorial career. No becomingly modest man wastes time in pointing 
backward in his own rough road to the stars. Grant D. Harrington has yet 
to disappoint the rcasniiahlc hopes of his friends in any of his undertakings 
He was well equipped for every duty of a village newspaper office and he 
restored the Enterprise to life and usefulness, made it truly a second paper 
at Delavan, and sold it in [898 to Frank \l. Stevens. E. J. Scut bought it 


in 1900. but sold again to Stevens in 1901. In 1902 William A. Dean took 
possession and the next year William T. Passage, son of the pioneer merchant, 
became a partner and in 1908 sole owner. Judging from outward appear- 
ances, the progress of the Enterprise since 1893 nas been steadily forward. 
Both offices at Delavan are equipped with power presses and the Republican 
is linotyped. 

L. and Milton A. Brown, father and son. were successful horse-breeders 
and decent men. but were not of the stuff of which editors or printers are 
commonly made. They must have believed that Mr. Cleveland was about to 
be re-elected to the presidency, for they began their apprenticehood very early 
in 1888 by publishing, January 7th. the first number of a second Walworth 
County Democrat. This paper was edited and printed, though few or none 
can now tell how, for something like a year: but the result of the election did 
not encourage further amateur effort in organ-making In all this, however, 
was one then very young man's opportunity, and the evolution of a real editor 
began in the person of William T. Passage. 


Seventeen men and women formed a Baptist society September 21, 
1839. with Rev. Henry Topping as pastor, and in 1841 a church was built of 
wood, at cost of about one thousand five hundred dollars, thirty-six by fifty 
feet on the ground, with seats for two hundred persons. This was on a lot 
given by the Phoenix proprietors, and this desirable site, fronting the west 
side of the park is still occupied by the society. \ brick church was built 
in 1854 with one-third more floor space at cost of four thousand dollars. This 
society, for long the largest of its denomination in the state, and yet the lead 
ing one in the county, built its third church in 1880, seventy by one hundred 
and twenty-eight feet on the ground. After Mr. Topping, the pastors have 
been John H. Dudley 1844, Mead Bailej 1S50, Newell Boughton [853, Albert 
Sheldon 1854. Jeremiah D. Cole 1858. John Williams i860. David Burbank 
1862. Ethan B. Palmer [864, Joseph 1'".. Johnson [865, Charles T. Km- [868, 
David E. Halteman 1869, Charles A. Hobbs 1N84. Wiliam R. Yard io<><). 
The long pastorates of Messrs Halteman and 1 lobbs had a parallel in another 
church fronting the same park. 

St. Andrew'- parish was formed by assembling the somewhat widely 
dispersed families of Delavan and adjoining towns in [851. In [853 a little 
chapel was lmilt at Fourth and Matthew streel . and the Rev. Fathers <i>n- 
way. Francis Prendergast and I'. J. Mallon were - 1 senl for this 


pioneer work. About 1859 Father George H. Brennan came as a resident 
priest, followed by T. A. Smith in 1861, Henry J. Roche 1863, Lawrence N. 
Kenney 1864, Jacob Morris 1866, Richard Dumphy 1869, J. Eugene Allen 
1878, Michael J. Tanglier 1881, Joseph G. Smith 1886, John Buckley 1909, 
Father Allen was the last who drove through sunshine, cloud, mud and un- 
beaten snow to minister to the mission parish of St. Patrick's, at Elkhorn. 
While lot values were relatively quite low the parish bought at Walworth 
avenue and Seventh street, and in 1895 one °f me finest churches in the 
county was dedicated. A well-chosen cemetery lot was acquired at an early 
opportunity, and many of the dead of Elkhorn and other towns were buried 
there. This ground joins Spring Grove cemetery, with no barrier between. 
The present valuation of all the parish property, which includes a fine house 
for the priest, is about seventy-five thousand dollars. The parish is in ex- 
cellent condition for its work. 

The Congregational society dates its beginning July, 1841. with ten 
members. A little church was built at the north side of Maple Park in 1844. 
with an outlay of one thousand dollars — then a large sum for an unselfish 
purpose. A new church, with brick walls, forty-two by seventv-five feet, was 
built in 1856 at cost of five thousand dollars. This has since been extended, 
modernized and improved. Rev. Amnon Gaston began his triple service. 
here, at Elkhorn. and at Sugar Creek in 1841. After him came Frederick H. 
Pitkin 1845. Lucius Foote 1847 ( 1798-1887), Joseph Collie 1854. William E. 
Davidson [896, Sedgwick Porter Wilder 1898 (1847-1905), Howard W. 
Kellogg 1905, Thistle V Williams 10,09. Mr. Collie's long service is note- 

Christ Church parish was formed in July. 1844, with Nehemiah Barlow 
and Hezekiah Well- as wardens, Caleb Croswell, B. J. Newberry. Joseph 
Rector, Dr. Shepard Sherwood, Salmon Thomas as vestrymen. A small 
house at the south side of the park answered the passing need until 1877. 
when work began anew on the parish lot at Walworth avenue and Fifth 
street. In [879 this building was dedicated and ha-- since been extended ami 
improved and a rectory added, making the total estate worth about twenty- 
five thousand dollars. The line of rectors began with Rev. Stephen Mel high 
1844, who wa- called to Madison in 1845 and returned in 184c; — the interim 
filled by Rev. Mr. Bartlett. Then came Gerrit E. Peters [852, Joseph Adderly, 
[bseph II. Nichols, Albert Scott Nicholson 1861. Gardiner M. Skinner [862, 
George W. Mean 1865, Fortune C. Brown 1870. Edward R. Sweetland 187(1, 
Joel 1 'lark [879, Charles Holmes 1880, Charles L. Mallory [891, lames B. 
VTcCullough 1901, Edward S. Barkdull [902, John White moo. Mark- 11. 
Milne IQIO. 


Troy circuit, Methodist Episcopal, was formed in 1841 and included 
Eagle, Troy. Lagrange, Sugar Creek. Darien and Delavan. Except Rev. 
.Messrs. Leonard F. Moulthrop and Henry Whitehead, named in 1841, and 
Hiram Allen in 1845-6, the workers in this then difficult field, for the first 
ten years, are not indicated by the record of credentials filed at the office of 
the clerk of the circuit court, though there were probably others than these 
three. Reuben Richardson Wood (1819-1906), ordained in 1842, came to 
Delavan as resident pastor in 1850, doubtless with assignment to duty at 
Darien. In 1853 Enos Stevens and J. H. Hopeton supplied a short vacancv 
filled in that year by Elisha Page, after whom John Tibbals 1854, Hiram I 1. 
Hersey (1812-1884) in 1856, Thomas White 1858, Russell P. Lawton 1859, 
Cyrus Scammon i860, James B. Cooper 1801, A. C. Manwell 1803, G. W. 
Delamatyr 1867. Reuben B. Curtis 1869. Stephen Smith 1870, Edward S. 
McChesney 1871, Alonzo Mansfield Bullock 1872. A. C. Higgins 1874, Oliri 
Curtis 1875, Henry Faville 1876, Edward G. Updike 1878, John Scott Davis 
1881, William B. Robinson 1883. Samuel C. Thomas (1810-1894) in 1884, 
William II. Summers 1886, Frederick C. Brayton 1888, George Veritv 1889 
(died), Walter 1). Cole 1890, Jeremiah H. Hicks 1893, Stephen A. Olin 1894, 
Richard K. Manaton 1898, George Vater 1900, Andrew Porter 1902. Sidney 
A. Sheard 1903, George M. White 1904, Rodman W. Bosworth 1906, William 
Hooton 1909. Messrs Wood, Faville, and Updike passed to the Congrega- 
tional pulpit — the last-named in 1880. 


Dr. Joseph R. Bradway opened a private school in 1842 and taught until 
the house was burned in 1845. E. D. Barber continued this school in the 
Haptist church. A common school was opened in 1843 in Terrace street. A 
large and well-contoured lot was soon set apart for permanent use, and from 
1852 forward the present public school house has been built by successive ad- 
ditions, until it has become a large and sightly building, fully equipped for 
its purpose. It faces Wisconsin street and the park and looks westward to- 
ward Main street. A little house had been built at the lower corner ol" the 
ground and is yet remembered as the ''red school house." The earliest teach- 
ers were Milo Kelse) and Enoch II. M. Bailey, as nearly as can now be- learned. 
After them, and before the opening of the high school were Daniel B. Maxson, 
William Hutchins, and Mr. Baker about 1855. The larger and better Ordet 
of things began with Augustus Jackman Cheney in [858 and continued by 
Warren D. Parker [861, Thomas Chrowder Chamberlain 1805. L. S. 


Sweezy 1867, R. W. Lang 1869, Melvin Grigsby about 1871, Elias Dewey 
1873 to 1887, George L. Collie 1887, H. J. Bowell 1889, H. A. Adrian 1890, 
J. H. Hutchinson 1892, Charles W. Rittenberg 1893, Ithe] B. Davies 1903, 
Henry A. Melcher 1906. There is some confusion of dates as to the service 
of Mr. Grigsby and Mr. Dewey. This school employs sixteen teachers. 


It is not probable that Delavan was for sixty years wholly destitute of 
other than private libraries, though nothing is told of them previous to 1899. 
In that year the Delavan Library and Literary Association began the forma- 
tion of a public library for the use of which the trifling fee of one dollar 
yearly was imposed. James Aram, who died in 1897, bequeathed fifteen thou- 
sand dollars to be used in providing a suitable lot and building for a free library 
and to this added five thousand dollars as an endowment fund. This bequest 
was to become effective at the death of his wife, Mrs. Susan C. ( Rood) Aram, 
which took place in 1905. She confirmed this legacy and the city accepted 
it and assumed the duty of making it perpetually operative. Alexander H. 
Allyn added five thousand dollars to the library fund and the citizens con- 
tributed a like sum. A most desirable lot was chosen at Walworth avenue 
and Fourth street, and a building worthy of the city and the givers of the 
fund was dedicated July 8, 1908. Its cost was twenty-two thousand eight 
hundred dollars. It is of stone, pressed brick, and is tile-roofed. Its situ- 
ation, just without the business district, is conveniently central, and affords a 
minimum exposure to fires from adjacent property. 

The city's yearly appropriation is one thousand seven hundred and fifty 
dollars. The library opened with two thousand three hundred volumes, of 
which six hundred and eighty-six were received from the library of 1899. At 
present the number of volumes is about four thousand. In its first year the 
circulation of books reached about twenty thousand volumes, and this rate 
has not since varied materially. The first and only president of the board 
of library directors is Mr. Allyn. Miss Laura F. Angell, too, has kept her 
post as librarian from the opening in 1908. 


Several springs were early known and were used for supplying men and 
beasts with clear, cool water. In 1892 it was found practicable to improve 
them and make them available for the whole city's use. Pumps, engine, tank 
and distributing main'- were supplied, municipal bonds to the amount of forty 


thousand dollars being issued for this purpose. The source of this water 
seems exhaustless and its wholesome quality has been tested by generations 
of men. 


The old fire company at once prepared itself for highest efficiency. At 
present there are two hose companies and two hook and ladder companies, all 
well equipped and trained for their work. The several chiefs of the tire de- 
partment have been James Davidson 1894, Andrew J. Pramer 1895, Frank 
M. Stevens 1897, William T. Passage 1899. The first officers under the newer 
order w ere D. Bennett Barnes, foreman, with A. W. Pierce and George Fred 
Heminway as assistants; David T. Gifford, engineer, with Newton O. 
Francisco as assistant ; Henry Gormley, hose captain, with George H. Sturte- 
vant and W. H. Decker as assistants; Charles J. Walton, secretarv; Levi J. 
Xichols, treasurer. A fire company must have existed as long ago as 1861, 
for the late John Baptist Bossi (1831-1911) was for thirty-three years its 


Sixty-one young men were organized April 26, 1880, as the Delavan 
Guards, and the company was assigned to the First Regiment of the Wiscon- 
sin National Guard, under Col. William B. Britton. of Janesville. Its first 
officers were Fred B. Goodrich captain, Charles T. Isham first lieutenant. 
Menson Yedder second lieutenant. The next captain was Horace 1.. Clark, 
and the third and last was Richard J. Wilson. Governor Rusk called this, 
with several other companies, into service at Milwaukee, in 1886, to pre- 
serve the peace and dignity of the state when these were threatened by the 
rioters of that year. The duty assigned to the company was thai of guarding 
railway and manufacturers' property against lawless attack. The company's 
prompt obedience to call and soldierly conduct on duty were duly recognized 
at Madison, Milwaukee, and at home. Since 1889 no report has been sent to 
the adjutant-general, and at or nearly that date the company must have !>een 


The growth of the village soon overtook and surrounded it- first burying 
place, near the north end of Third street. Here wvw buried the bodies of 
Colonel Phoenix and of his brother and brother's wife, and one may read 
there a few other nine familiar names, though most of the bodies have been 
removed. It is not here known when Spring Grov 1 netery was laid out, 


but it was not long before or after i860. The place chosen is on high ground, 
naturally separated by a narrow valley from the homes of the living, and one 
side overlooks the spread of waters locally called Lake Como. One may find 
there a few graves of persons who had lived at Darien, Elkhorn, Richmond. 
Sugar Creek, and Walworth; for this was for long a finer burial ground than 
any in adjacent towns. Its contour and its readily drained soil has made it 
practicable to build several family vaults. A mausoleum was built at the 
gateway in 1911-12, containing one hundred and fifty crypts. Its materials 
are Bedford stone, marble, cement, and steel, and these so designed and 
wrought as to make the structure likely to defy the tooth of time for millen- 
niads to come. The cost was about forty thousand dollars. 

By 191 1 the conviction at Delavan was that she had outgrown the me- 
diaeval passenger house at the railway station, and appeal to the state's rail- 
wav commission was so far effective that in the winter of 191 1 -12 a new 
house was built, across the track from the old one, with long and broad 
platforms of cement, and in most ways worthier of Delavan and more cred- 
itable to the railway management. It is not imposing, but it is convenient, 
comfortable, and clean, and less a cave of gloom than the old building. The 
street approaches are macadamized. 

As at first platted the village was a small quadrangle east of the creek, to 
which Walworth avenue descends not too abruptly. Village growth was 
limited northwardly by the valley of the creek and the high-banked shore of 
Como, and hence began eastward and southward, on a broad and easily 
drained area. Then it crossed the valley, which at the avenue is not very 
wide, to the more quickly-rising westward ascent, at the top of which a few 
pleasant suburban blocks lie in front of the School for the Deaf, which looks 
southward. Further growth carried the city eastward on the Elkhorn road 
and southward across the railway tracks. Between east and smith seems the 
likeliest direction for further expansion. 

It has not been judged needful to mention specifically the various so- 
cieties for the Furtherance of religion, morality, and culture of the liner arts, 
and the many affiliated societies; nor to describe parks, public halls. Masonic 
temple, and many another evidence of public spirit and enlightened taste. All 
these and more in coming time may be presumed from even such inadequate 
sketch as is here made of a community possessed oi the sinew-- ol action and 
animated by the forward spirit id" the ages, past, present, and to come. 
Delavan will at some time have its own history, compiled by one or more of 
its well trusted citizens and in just proportion from the invaluable personal 
knowledge of survivors of the sub-pioneer period. 



The village having been incorporated in 1855 an election of village 
officers, April 29, 1856. resulted in choice of Leonard E. Downie as president, 
William C. Allen, James Aram. YY. Willard Isham, Edmund F. Mabie, 
Joseph Monell, Jr., and Trumbull D. Thomas as trustees, James Lewis clerk, 
Xewton McGraw treasurer. Nicholas M. Harrington and Ebenezer I^atimer 
assessors, Nicholas Thome marshal. From causes now not assignable the 
official lists of village and city, as shown here, are slightly defective. From 
known causes they are liable to be found slightly inaccurate. They have been 
derived from the older county history, from newspaper files at Delavan and 
Elkhorn and from records in the county clerk's office. 


Ebenezer Latimer 

1870. '78-9, '82, '86-8, 90, '93 

Xewton McGraw 1871-2 

George Cotton l &73> '75-77 

Elisha Matteson Sharp i§74 

James Aram 1880-1 

Alexander Hamilton Allyn 1883-4 

Charles H. Topping 1885 

Stepben Sly Babcock 1889 

Taylor L. Flanders , 1891 

Ansel Hastings Kendrick 1892 

William Avery Cochrane 1894 

Jamin II. Goodrich ^95 

Arthur Mowers 1896 



Edward F. Welch 1897 

Perry Rockwell Jackson 1898-9 

1 harles W. Irish 1900-05 

Daniel Edwin La Bar 1906 

Herman A. Briggs 1907-8 

James E. Dinsmore_j 1909-10 

Fred L. Rogers 1911 

Fred I). Cowles dm-' 


Arthur Bowers 1897-1904 

William il. Stewart [905-7, '10-12 

Ambrose B. Hare i9oN<iw 


Alexander Hamilton Allyn-1897-1912 


Leonard E. Downie 1856 

Alanson Hamilton Barnes 1857 

George Cotton i< x 5^ 

Chauncey Betts 1859, '64 

James Aram 1860/69 

Stephen Sly Babcock /iSf, 1-2. '66, '-2 

Ebenezei Latimer [863, '69-71 

(harles Holmes Sturtevant 1865 

1 harles E. < Iriffin [867 

Alphonso ' .. Kellam 1868 

Newton Mx< .raw [873 

William Willard Isham 1X74 


Orlando Crosby 1875, '78 Nathaniel Wing Hoag 1882, '84-5 

Dr. James B. Heminway, Ansel Hastings Kendrick 1891-3 

1876-7, '80, '83, '87 William Avery Cochrane 1894 

Dr. Friedr. Ludw. Von Suessmilch, Jamin H. Goodrich 1895 

1879, '87-9 Capt. Albert E. Smith 1896 

Henry George Hollister 1881, '86 


Edward F. Williams elected 1897 Ambrose E Hare 1904 

Alexander H. Allyn 1898 Newton O. Francisco 1906 

Albert F. Smith 1899 Daniel Edwin LaBar, 

1908, 1910, 1912 

Until 1902 mayors were elected for one year; since that date for two 
years. The village became a city in 1897 by a general statute. 


James Lewis 1856 

Joseph Baker 1857 

J. P.. Webb 1858 

P. II. Conklin J 859 

Charles E. Griffin 1862 

Richard M. Williams 1865-75 

Fred E. Latimer 1876 

Ansel Hastings Kendrick 1877-83 

Edward F. Williams 1884-5 

Burt Webster 1886-7 

A. Harvey Lowe 1888-9 

Hobart W. Sturtevant 1893-4 

Charles J. Sumner ^895 

William T. Passage 1896 

Record wanting for i860, 1861, 1863, 1864, 1890-92. 


Warren D. Hollister 1897 

Grant Dean Harrington 1898-9 

Kenneth L. Hollister 1900, '06-9 

Ubert S. Parish 1903-4 

Ray Powers 1910-11 

There is here some uncertainty as to 1901, 1902. 1905. In 1899 Frank 
M Stevens was acting clerk. 


Newton McGraw 1856-7 '64-6 Edwin W. Phelps 1859 1858 Benjamin D. White i860 


Harry C. Johnson 1861, '83-96 Elisha Matteson Sharp 1869-72 

Sardis Brainard 1862 Frank A. Smith 1874 

Isaac Young Fitzer 1879-80 William B. Munsell 1875-6 

Dr. George H. Briggs 1881-2 William H. Nichols __i877-8 

Edward H. Chandler 1863 Charles W. Holmes 1888 

Henry C. Hunt 1867-8 

Except for Mr. Holmes's term, in 1888, Harry C. Johnson will have been 
treasurer for village and city from 1883 to 1914. As a citizen of Delavan 
remarked. '"There is no use in anybody's tryin to run agin him.'* The name 
of the treasurer for 1873 is not found. 

A postoffice was established in 1837. at first to receive semi-weekly mails 
from Racine. It is now an office of the second class, with city carriers, and 
having five dependent free delivery rural routes. Postmasters: William 
Phoenix 1837. Cyrus Brainard 1845, William C. Allen 1846, Cyrus Brainard 
1847. Dr. Norman L. Gaston 1849, Nicholas M. Harrington 1853, George 
Cotton 1854. James H. Mansfield 1854 (at first as substitute for Mr. Cot- 
ton), Charles Smith 1861. Martin Mulville 1870, Henry C. Hunt 1886, 
Hiram Terry Sharp 1890, John Passage 1894, Mrs. Adele E. Barnes 1898, 
Edward Morrissey 1906. Mr. Mulville. as a soldier of the Tenth Infantry, 
lost his left arm at Chickamauga. Mr. Hunt (called Captain Hunt from hav- 
ing been master of a steamer on Delavan lake) lost his left leg at Peachtree 
Creek, as a soldier of the Twenty-second Infantry. Mr. Passage served in a 
Californian cavalry regiment, but the state census report of 1895 shows him 
a second lieutenant of Second Massachusetts Infantry. Both statements may 
be true. 


i860, 1.543: 1870. 1,688; 1880, 1,798: 1890. 2,038: 1900, 2,244; 1910, 
2,450. Bv wards, in 1910: First ward. 778; second ward. 756: third ward, 



The town of Troy, as established in 1838, included two government 
townships. It was divided March 21, 1843, an( l lts eastern half, town 4 
north, range 18 east, became East Troy. The town of Mukwonago lies next 
north and the town of Waterford is next east. The slightly uneven surface 
of this town is generally about eight hundred and twenty-five feet above sea- 
level. Honey creek comes into East Troy at section 18, crosses sections 29, 
28, 21, 22, 23, 24, leaves the county to return to the southeast corner of sec- 
tion 36, and drains the eastern part of Spring Prairie. A branch comes nut 
of section 5 of Spring Prairie, winds across sections 32, 33, 28, 27, 26 and 
ends its course in section 2^. Potter's lake, sections to, 11, with connected 
ponds in sections 13, 14, discharge their little surplus into Honey creek at 
section 24. 

The group of lakes now named Beulah lies in sections 4. 5, 8. <). 16, 17. 18. 
The outlet of these lakes finds its way through Mukwonago to Fox river. 
Lake Beulah station, Wisconsin Central Railway, in section 12. is a bit more 
than three miles from the namesake lakes, eighty-five miles from Chicago, 
and thirty-live miles (by rail) from Milwaukee. These lakes have long been 
known to local campers, boaters, fishers, and swimmers, — the latter favored 
by the irregular shore lines. At Hately's Hay (or Brooks Cove) on the upper 
lake, in section 17, the bottom drops away rapidly to the depth of sixty- 
seven feet within a lew rods of shore, and for more than a quarter-mile 
toward the Opposite shore the water is sixty or more feet deep. At other 
points on the lower lakes bottom is found at forty to fifty-four feet depth. A 
considerable part of the whole area, however, is but ten feet deep. The little 
companion lake, named Ainu or East Troy, about a half-mile eastward, in 
section id. is lint scant seventeen feet deep. A long, irregular island of 
about thirty-five acres in area is owned and lias been improved and supplied 
with convenient buildings by the 1 T nivcrsity of St. Louis. About two hun- 
dred and fifty priests and students, escaping tin- discomforts of the city, find 
here a quiet and healthful summer vacation. There are also other non-resi- 
dent owners of lakeside property. 


The land area of the town is 20,995 acres, the village not included. The 
valuation in 1910 was $1,590,700 — average value $75.7(1 per acre. The crop 
acreage for 1910 was: Barley. - ? jj ; corn. 3,279; ha\ field. [,802; oats, 2,386; 
potatoes. 109: rye. 214; wheat. 94. The assessed valuation of town and vil- 
lage was 4.77 per cent, of the valuation for the whole county. The federal 
census from [850 to 1900 inclusive was. taken for town and village together: 
1850. [,318; i860, 1.717: E870, 1.431: [880, 1.407: [890, [,406; [900, 
1,513. In 1910 the poppulation of the town alone was 925. 


The tirst actual settler in East Troy, Mr. Roberts, had sold a recently 
made claim in Troy when he came, in the spring of 1836, to the north bank 
of Honey creek, in section 29. near the site of the present village, and was 
soon joined by Asa Wood. They built a cabin and worked about a year 
to assemble materials for a saw-mill. Then Jacob Burgit came that way. 
bought their rights, and built the null, in another year he began to produce 
mill-stuff for framed houses in the village and elsewhere. Mr. Blood passed 
over to the town of Sugar (reek, and Mr. Roberts passed from the annals 
of the town and the county. In that first year of East Troy came also 
Cyrus Cass to section 2 1 . Daniel 1'. Griffin to section 20, Jacob Haller to 
section 35. Allen Harrington to section 21. Lyman llill to section 3. Austin 
Mc( racken to the village site 1 and in 1839 was licensed to keep a tavern), 
Oliver Rathburn to section 2. The next year brought Gorham Hunker. 
Jacob Burgit. Dr. William M. Gorham, Gaylord Graves, Benjamin and Elias 
H. Jennings, John A. Larkin, Henry Powers, Dr James Tripp, lames W. 
Vail, William Weed and Benjamin Whitcomb. 

Not all who came in the first few years remained long enough to leave 
distincl trace in record or clear impression in memory. Lucius Mien, the 
I "liatin brother-. Stephen field. Wilder M . Howard, Martin Pollard and fohn 
F. I'otter were among the men of 1838; Seth Beckwith and S. Buel Edwards 
were of those of [839. Among notable arrivals were those of Dr, Daniel 
Allen. Capt. George Fox and Sewall Smith. Among the departures were 
that of Mary A 1 Spoor), wife of Lucius Mien. November is. 1838, for 
a better world; and that of Doctor Tripp for his new village of Whitewater. 
He built a saw-mill in [838 at the Beulah outlet, and soon found finer-. 

Patentees, not above named, of land within the town were: Thomas 
Albiston, Robert Uigier, lames w. Bartholf, limn Bear, Alexander Brush 



Beardsley, Nelson Beckwith, John Beers, Harvey Birchard, Hiram Brewster, 
Homer and Seymour Brooks. William Brownley, L. Warren Burgess, John 
Cameron, John Chadwick, Sherod Chapman, Isaac Drake, Joseph H. and 
William P. Edwards. Chauncey Eggleston, Henry Moore Filley, James and 
John Fraser, Jacob Funk, Joseph Gillard, John Hardy, William Haynes, 
Jeremiah Haynes Heath, Simon Heath, Seth Williams Higgins. John 
Hollenbeck, Elliott Hulbert, Isom Ingalls, John P. Johnson, James Keeler, 
Erastus M. Kellogg, Robert Keyes, Ignatz Kuenzle, Frederick Kyburz, 
Charles Levanway. Patrick McGee, Darius J. McPherson, James B. Martin, 
Urban D. Meacham, Warren D. Meeker, Joseph Stephen Morey, Benjamin 
Newcomb, Philip Wheeler Nichols, Elijah Norton, Michael O'Regan, William 
Perry, Albert L. Pierce, John Randall. George Alex'r Ray. William Richard- 
son, Burrill Rood. John Schwartz. Israel Rufus Scott, George Smith, John 
Syng Spoor, John Sprague, Charles Taylor, Robert Black Tedford, Daniel 
Thompson, Gordon Manwaring Vinal, David Whiteman, Jonah Wicker. 
Ambrose Wilkes. John Bernhardt Wilmer, Erastus Benjamin Wright. 

Besides these the census of 1842 names, as heads of families: Brooks 
Bowman, Albert Breens, William Charm. Stillman Dewey, Hersey Estes, 
Delanson and Reuben Griffin, Lyman Harvey, Robert Hotchkiss, Roderick 
Kellogg, Samuel Kyburz, James S. Marcy, William Mead, Orrin Moffatt, 
Hiram Perry, Stillman Pollard, William Porter, Sarah Rose. Abel Sperry. 
Sylvanus Spoor, William Trumbull. Isaac Webber, Abel Ward Wright. 

Robert Augier (1785-1862) bad wife Abigail (1786-1802) and left 
descendants of his own and other names. 

Seth Beckwith came early, sold in 1842 to Abel Sperry, and passed 
northward. Nol a near relative of Nelson. 

|obn Beers 1 [803-1885), a native of Pennsylvania, came to section 24 
with wife, Mary ("rites | [820-1892). 

Homer and Seymour Brooks were sons of David and wife Catharine 
Simpson, of Ovid, Xew York. Homer, born in [819. is yet living in section 
17. near the Beulah lake-group. In 1840 he married Almira, daughter of 
Jacob Burgit and Mary Gardner. Seymour Brooks 1 [82] 18112) married 
Sus-in i [826-1898), daughter of Peter Bulman. His farm was in section ;. 
near the foot of the lakes. Both oi these men were carlv and active in the im- 
provemenl of live stock, anil their work praised them. 

Cyrus Cass 1 [812-92) married Elizabeth B. Thomas 1 1825 [899). His 
farm, an almost lordlv domain, lay both sides of Honey creek, sections 21, 28. 
( >f his children, Clarence W. died in service in the Third Cavalry, and Edwin 
I nomas is a lawver at Whitewater. 


Joseph H. Edwards (1781-1853) and wife, Abigail Buel (1 790-1867), 
came about 1840 to section 15. Their son, Simon Buel ( 1815-1893), was 
born in Broome county. New York; married, first, Elizabeth Ann (1818- 
1881), daughter of Isaac I". Wheeler, in 1838: moved to Whitewater in 
1878. where he married again. He was a good tanner and a worker in 
and for the Count) Agricultural Society. 

Chauncey Eggleston (1795-1848) was born in Connecticut. His wife, 
Chloe. was a daughter of Jonathan Coe. Their daughter, Charlotte Coe 
Eggleston. was born in 1827 and died in 1897. 

Capt. George Fox ( 1 701- 1864) was a descendant of that John Fox 
whose tremendous work, in two or three folio volumes, entitled "Acts and 
Monuments of the Church." by powerful condensation became "Fox's Book 
of Martyrs." and was well read by eight or ten generations of pious men and 
women. Two daughters of Captain Fox were each in succession wife of 
Hon. John F. Potter. 

James Fraser ( 1787- 1876) and wife Elizabeth (1782-1867) came from 
one of the Orkneys, and bought land in section 26. Of their children, 
Alexander. Charles and John were long active in town affairs, and Margaret 
became Mrs. Orlando Jennings. 

Doctor Gorham came from Milwaukee, lived a few years at East Troy, 
and returned to the city. 

Jacob Haller I 1809-1894), a native of canton of Aargau. Switzerland, 
came to America in 1833. and to section 35 of this town in 1838. His wife 
was Elizabeth I-".. 1 [813-1894). A daughter was wife of Hon. Frank Fraser. 

Jeremiah Haynes Heath, with Simon Heath, came to section 36. He 
married Hannah F McDuffie in [842. 

Wilder Mack Howard (1821-1910), son of Joseph and Rosanna, was 
born at Andover, Vermont. He was apprenticed to John A. Larkin, a shoe- 
maker and an early settler. His first wife. Electa L., daughter of Timothy 
and Sally Howard, died in 1878. I lis second wife was Elizabeth fountain. 
He was a soldier of Company F. First Heavy Artillery 

Rev. Erastus Martin Kellogg (born 1815), a descendant in lit'tli gen- 
eration from Deacon Samuel Kellogg ami Sarah Merrill, was apparently a 
non-resident investor. Roderick, hi- father'- third cousin, was horn in 
170'' ami married Sally Taylor. Of two sons ami -i\ daughters, none are 
known to have remained in the county. 

Frederick Kyburz (1809-1892) came from Switzerland. Hi- wife. 
Louisa (born 1822). was bom in Hanover. Daniel Kyburz, born in 1777 
and living in i860, was probably his father and Mr-. Jacob Haller as prob- 
ably hi- sister. This family lived in section 14. 



Martin Pollard ( 1813-1895), son of Joseph Pollard and Martha Martin. 
married July 9, 1840, Rachel (1810-1895). daughter of William Powers 
and Susan Cooper, and settled in section 2. Rachel died March 29th and 
Martin followed April 1st. One funeral service committed them to the burial 
ground at Mukwonago. 

The early settlers included several of the most capable and successful 
farmers and stock breeders of the county and the movement for organizing 
a county agricultural society began with men of East Troy and their relatives 
and neighbors of Troy. While the trade with Milwaukee was overland and 
sometimes difficult and tedious, the town's position gave an advantage, by 
a few blessed miles, over men of other towns. When placed between two 
railway lines, with little direct advantage from either, the East Trojans sat 
not on their plow-beams sadly, but made the best of their not wholly unhappy 
situation until the Wisconsin Central Railway Company made a station at 
Beulah and gave them a direct way to Chicago. This line passes from Honey 
Creek by sections 25, 24, 13, 12, 1, 2, leaving the town near Mukwonago, 
about six miles of its tracks within the town of East Troy. The electric 
line from Milwaukee passes by way of Mukwonago across sections 2, 3. 10. 
9, 16, 20 to East Troy village. 

The town records have been quite generally in competent hands and are 


( laylord ( rraves 1843 

Sewall Smith 1844 

Gorham Bunker 1845. 53~4 

Austin Carver 1846, '56-7 

(laylord Craves 1847, '41) 

Joel Pound 1848 

Henry B. Clark 1850-2, '58 

John Fox Totter 1855 

William Burgit 1859-63, '"j^, 

•77-80, '82 
Edwin Maker 1864 

Mender () Babcock --1865-6, 

"68-9, '72 

Dr. Caleb Sly Blanchard 1867 

Joseph W. Church 1870 

Alexander Kraser 1871. '73-4, '76 

I larold I I. Rogers _ 1881, '95 

Augusl Wilmer 1883-8 

Frank L. Fraser 1889-94, '96-7 

Lawrence Clanc) 1898-9 

Charles \. Mulaney 1900-6 

William Clancy 1907-9 

William 1 leers 191 0-12 


1 leni \ \dams 1863 

I <lw in Baker 1801-2 

James W. Bartholf 1846. '48 

Jacob C. Bayer 1896 



William Beers 1808-9 

Darius G. Billings ^57 

Homer Brooks 1874. '82 

James S. Brooks 1898-9, 1905-6 

Seymour Brooks 1871 

George Bunker 1852 

Gorham Bunker 1843-4, '57-8 

William Burgit 1849. '53> 55 

Christopher Page Farley Chafin 
1875-8. - 8o-i. '83-5 

Frank' G. Chafin 1886 

John P. Chafin [887-S 

Luther Chamberlain 1866 

Joseph W. Church 1871 

.A T atthew Coleman 1 849 

James M. Crosswaite 19 10-12 

Adam C. Deist 1892-5 

Stillman Dewey 1843 

Henry Dickerman 1897 

Alexander Dowman 1865 

Loren J. Fdwards 1851. 

Simon Buel Fdwards 1846-7. "54 

Stephen Field 1843 

Stephen I-'. Field 1860-2 

Alexander Fraser 1863. '68-70 

Charles Fraser 1 903 

Frank I,. Fraser 1886 

John Fraser 1859 

Jacob Funk 1850 

David Holmes 181 k i 

Johannes M. Hunter 1877-8] 

Washington Sidney Keats 1891 

Jared L. Knapp 1855. '64 

Stephen Knapp 1847 

Louis H. Krosch 1898-1902 

William Mcintosh 1852-4, '~2 

Urban Duncan Meacham 1845 

Charles S. Miller__ 1875-6. '83-5. "87 

Benjamin F. Mitchell 1908-9 

Charles A. Mulanev 1886-7 

John Xott 1889. '94 

Daniel W. Patterson 1872 

Wright Patterson 1856 

Drake II. Phillips __iNo- 

Robert Porter 1890, '92-3 

Joel Pound 1847 

Nathan P. Randall 1851 

George Alexander Ray 1850 

Arthur Rogers 1905-6 

Charles Schader 1 904 

Henry Shields 1 890-1. '95 

James M. Stillwell 1859 

Enos H. Stone i860 7 

John W. Stoney_. 1868-70 

Frank A. Swoboda 1910-12 

Hiram A. Taylor 1882 

Emery Thayer 1845 

Jesse Tombleson 1858. '65 

David Van Zandt 1851 

FJmer Watrous 190 1-2 

John Weldon 1903-4 

Abel Ward Wright [844 


Sew all Smith T 843- '45 

A lender O. Babcock 1844. 

•46. '48, 60 

Edward II. Ball 1847 

Wilder Mack Howard 1849, '55 

George II. Smith 1856 

Gregon Bentley 1851, '53-4. 

'56, '58 

Augustus C. Brady 1852 

Hiram J, Cowles 1857 



Newton King 1859 

Joseph W. Church 1861 

Henry B. Clark 1863-4 

Sidney A. Tullar 1865-7 

Washington Sidney Keats 

1886-84, '94-7 
William Goodrich Keats 1885. '92 

Simeon K. Craves '893 

Charles H. Zinn 1898-1900 

Charles F. Hunter 1901-02, '04 

C. Elmer Himebauch 1903 

John Uhrlettig 1905-6 

Charles E. Altenberg 1907-8 

Joseph Henry Heimbauch—1909-12 


Jacob Burgit 1843-5. 48 

Henry B. Clark 184(1. '49 

Joseph Edwards 1847 

Seymour Brooks 1850 

George Edwards 1851 

Emery Thayer 1852 

Lucius S. Moody T 853~4 

Thomas Burgit 1855 

Thomas Russell 185'!, '61 

Joseph W. Church 1857 

James Palmer 1858 

Pitt M. Clark T859 

Matthew Coleman i860 

Ceorge Bentley 1862 

Simpson Dartt 1863 

William Goodrich Keats__i864, 

'69. '73-4 

Charles M. Millard 1865 

John W. Stoney 1866 

Harvey Ambler 1867. '70 

George H. Smith 1871-2, 'j^, 

Washington Sidney Keats 1876 

William H. Meadows 1877 

James Monaghan 1878-93 

Robert M. Lacy 1894, '96-7 

Harry Dickerrnan 1895 

Thomas W. O'Connor 1898-1900 

Vrthur Dickerrnan 1901 

Richard Brownlee, JY. 1902-6 

Daniel Speight 1907-0 

John Speight 1910-12 


. Mender O. Babcock [861-5 

Sc\ mour Brooks 1860-0, 

'78-84, '87-9 

Thomas M Burns [896-7 

James Child 1866-7 

1 .aw rcnce Clancy 1 888-9 

James ML Crosswait 1007-8 

William M. Daniels 1898-9 

Charles Fraser 1873-81, '84 6 

Frank 1.. Fraser 1881-3. '93 

Simeon EC. Drives 1886 

Edwin K. Dicks 1897 

Washington S. Keats .1866, '68-84 

Louis II. Kxosch [89] 

James D. Merrill 1867-9 

William Miller 1 8=;i)-7} 

Riley V Spencer [859 

Aha Slelibms 1NS7 

Elisha Stillman [860-4 

Enos II. Stone 18(16-72 



Sidney B. Tullar 1860. '62, David P. Webster 1872-8 

'64-6, '71-96 Perry Welch 1896-7, 1906-7 

John Uhrlettig 1900-' — John J. White [864 

There are five school districts wholly within the town, a joint district 
with Troy and one with Waterford. The postoffice at Lake Beulah, of the 

fourth class, has two rural delivery routes. 


Jacob Burgit and Austin McCracken laid out their village in 1847. on 
each side of the territorial road from Milwaukee to Janesville, making Main 
street of that part of the highway lying within village limits. Running from 
its eastern beginning nearly southwest by westerly (making an angle of 
$8y 2 with the meridian line), this street makes an angle of 157 at its 
Church street crossing and leaves the western limit at an angle of 8y 2 ° with 
an east and west line. This one irregularity lends a slightly metropolitan 
aspect to the village plat, the other streets lying in the direction of section 
lines. The site was well chosen, affording short drainage lines, and the 
soil permitting dry cellars of any desired depth. Lots were sold on easiest 
terms to buyers, and as there were already a few dwellings and stores, the 
village had a healthy and hopeful infancy. 

In the first period of railway building one line from the lake to the river 
parsed by ten miles northward and another about as far southward, and the 
Milwaukee & Beloit Company, in 1857. brought but delusive hope to villagers. 
Several years later a line from Chicago crossed the township five miles east- 
ward, and the branch line from Elkhorn to Eagle is nearly as far westward. 
East Troy for more than forty years lay in a rail-less area. The village 
worked, hoped, waited, and respected itself, and at last rejoined the long 
lost world in 1907 by way of an electric line to Milwaukee. hi spite -1 
this long want of railway connection the village was always fair in the 
eyes of visitors, and its quickened prosperity has added something to its 
earlier attractions. 

William Burgit built a grist-mill in 1S44. near the village. In [848 he 
sold it to George M. Cousins, Peter A. Cramer and Gideon Garrett. The 
next year Mr. Cousins left tin- firm and the mill was sold hack to Mr. Burgit. 
from whom it passed in [853 to !K-in\ I:. Evans. I d vard II. Ball and [ohn 
W. Denison bought it at a sheriff's -ale in [862, in I sol 1 il in 1863 to Byron 
Brown. William I) Smith bought it in f866, Jonas IL ami William II. Fox 


in 1869, Charles F. Zartrow in 1870, Charles A. Schmidt in 1876. No 
further change of ownership is found in record. The mill is yet in operation 
for local custom. 


Ten memhers constituted a Baptist society, Octoher 5, 1842. These 
were Elvira, Irene and William Duncan, Mrs. Elizaheth Ann (Wheeler) 
Edwards, Gaylord and Nancy Graves, Horace Smith. Eliza Sperry. Gilbert 
and Mary Waters. The line of pastors was Aha Burgess 1842, James 
Delaney 1845. Milo B. Tremain. James Squier, George W. Gates, Peter 
Conrad. Orra Martin ("temporary). Amos Weaver i860. Daniel Dye 1861, 
E. L. Scofield 1805. C. J. B. Jackson 1868. James Delaney 1869, W. A. 
Rupert [879-82, Wilbur W. Conner 1883. David P Phillips 1886. There 
were intervals, short and long', during which the pulpit was supplied from 
neighboring churches, or was vacant. Mr. Phillips died July 5, 1886, and 
hut occasional service was held until Rev. David L. Holbrook came on April 
4. [898, and with that day closed the record of this once strong church, so 
reduced by deaths and removals. Soon after this the building became a hall 
for the Modern Woodmen. In 1905 the remaining memhers received formal 
letters of dismissal. 

Before 1 848 Rev. Thomas Morrissey and others of the Catholic Faith 
came from Burlington, Lake Geneva, and Waterford to hold service at 
private houses. In that year Vicar-General Kundig ministered similarly, and 
after him Rev. Matthias Gernbauer. In 1854 a church was built at a cost of 
twelve hundred dollars. In 1855 Rev. Sebastian Seif became, for a few 
months, the first resident priest of St. Peter's. After him was Michael 
Haider 1855, Thomas Keenan 1857, James Stehle [859. Lawrence N. Kenne) 
r86o, George I.. Willard 1864. fohn Casey [866, !■".. A. Craves [868, 11. F. 
Pairbank [869, Thomas Bergen 1870. James Fitzgibbon [876, J. Eugene 
Mini 1N81, Hugo Victor 1884. John II. Keller 1887. John T. O'Lean [893, 
Charles Schmid [896, John Joseph Weinhoff in the same year and until now. 
Of these, the dates of birth and death are shown for Father Bergen 1844-79. 
Fitzgibbon [827-97, Haider [820-85, Keenan [829-80, Kcnncv 7836-70. 
Kundig [805-79, Willard [836-80. In 1870 a substantial church was built 
at eost id" sixteen thousand dollars, and a school house in [889 at cost of 
four thousand dollars. The somewhat variable membership is now about 
one hundred twenty families. St. Peter's cemetery, laid out at a well-chosen 
point in section 17. nearly two miles from the village, was for main- years 
the resting place of the Catholic dead id" other towns, even as far a\\a\ as 


Mrs. Mary (Gardner) Burgit, Elizabeth Chafin, Stillman and Caroline 
Dewey, Amasa, Arabv. and Clarissa A. Hotchkiss, William Trumbull, James 
W. and Rebecca A. Vail, William and Elizabeth Weed met at Mr. Yail's, 
June 22. 1839. to form a Presbyterian society. (Within two years Mr. 
Hotchkiss died and Miss Clarissa had become Mrs. Trumbull.) A church 
was built in 1849. '" [855 the society became Congregational, and in 1856 
began to build a new church. This work was suspended from 1N57 to 1871 
and finished in 1872. Its clergy list is: Lemuel Hall 1839, David A. 
Sherman 184L Cyrus E. Rosenkrans 1845. Charles Morgan 1852, Avelyn 
Sedgwick 1858, Miles Doolittle 1859. Charles Morgan 1X60. Hanford Fowle 
1X74. Asher W. Curtis 1X7N, Josiah Beardsley iK8i . Augustus J. Hayner 
[888, George Mackey Whyte 1895, Thomas W. Harbour 1897. S. Wilbur 
Bloom 1 901. Joseph Herbert 1002. Walter C. Graf 1904, Albert E. Pauly 
(unordained) 190S. Isaac P>. Tracy 1910. A parsonage is part of the church 

In 1874 fifteen families organized as St. John's Evangelical Lutheran 
society. In 1881 it was reorganized as St. Paul's and the society bought the 
old Congregational building. L'ntil 1894 the pulpit was supplied from the 
church at Elkhorn. In that year Rev. Gustav Schmidt became resident pastor, 
and was yet there in February, 1912. In 1903 a brick church was built at 
cost of eight thousand dollars, and a parsonage has been supplied. 

Early in 1838 Rev. Salmon Stebbins held the quarterly meeting for the 
Aztalan mission at Daniel P. Griffin's house and there organized the Methodist 
society of East Troy, with the Griffin families. Benjamin Jennings. Mrs. 
Austin McCracken, John S. and Mariette (Bivins) Spoor as members. Mrs. 
Rebecca A. Vail and Mrs. Elizabeth Weed. Presbyterians, joined temporarily. 
A log house served for a meeting place until early in 1840 when a framed 
building took its place and for the next ten years was used more or less h\ 
other societies as well. 

The several pastors have been in nearly the follow Jul; order: Samuel 
Pillshury 1839, Jesse TIalstead. James P. Flanders, James McKean, 1 >. 
Worthington. Leonard F. Moulthrop, William Hanson, Henry Whitehead. 
Nathaniel Swift, M. L. Read. John J. Gallup. J. Bean, \I. Butler, Jonathan 
M. Snow. Joseph C. Dana. William M. Osborn, Harrison V. Train. William 
F. Delap, Hiram H. Hersey, S. Watts. Russell P. Lawton, John G. Pingree, 
Thomas Wilcox. Thomas ('. Wilson, Rufus Cooley [864, Isaac Seniles [867, 
W. W. Painter i860. Lafayette F. Cole 1873, Thomas Peep, Samuel Rey- 
nolds, J. D. Wilson, A. Porter, Wallace J. Olmstead [880, Samuel C. Thomas 
1681, RossiterC. Parsons [882, Robert Davidson [884, Thomas Potter [886, 


William Moyle 1890. John Albert Collinge 1895, John M. Woodward 1901, 
William Dawson 1903, Alpheus W. Triggs 1908, Amos L. Tucker 1910. 

Mrs. Austin McCracken and Artemisia McLeod, her sister, Mrs. Rebecca 
A. Vail, and other pious women began their Sunday school work in 1838, 
with John S. Spoor as superintendent. Until the formation of church societies 
this work was non-sectarian. 

Mrs. Vail opened a boarding school for girls at her house, in 1839, 
joining religious to secular instructions. She was excellently qualified for 
this work and she is said to have drawn pupils from as far away as Milwaukee. 
She was also a pioneer teacher at Geneva. 

Louisa Augier (who in 1842 became Mrs. Charles Taylor) began as a 
public school teacher in 1839, for some years in the chapel building. A 
schoolhouse was built in 1846, and about 1854 a new one took its place. 
This, with extensions of house and grounds, is w r orthy of the village. The 
value of the school property, including four acres of ground, may be about 
fifteen thousand dollars. This school has for many years done good high 
school work, and it now employs seven teachers. 

In 1839 S. Buel Edwards built his blacksmith shop opposite a corner of 
the park, so well framed and so large that with a little outward improvement 
and much inner alteration and adjustment it is now a sightly and convenient 
town hall and clerk's office, with an occasionally useful calaboose in its rear. 

Oak Ridge, a scant mile from the village, became in 1876 the care of 
an organized cemetery association. It is well laid out and kept in order, and 
has become the resting place of Hon. John F. Potter and most of his family, 
and of many another early settler. St. Peter's lies little more than a half-mile 


Francis 1). Craig began in August, 1N70. to publish the East Troy 
Gazette, sold it about a year later, bought it again in 1S81 and discontinued 
it about 1882. He also published monthly the American Merino in the 
interest of sheep breeders of East Troy, Caldwell's Prairie, and adjacent 
towns of three counties. In [885 and 1886 Wilbur ( \. Weeks published 
experimentally an Easl Tro) edition of the Delavan Republican, named the 
Star, with Simeon i\. Graves and Washington S. Keats in turn as local editors. 
In [893 Samuel K. \dams published the East Tray \'c;cs and sold it in [896 
to Oscar R. Kurzrok, who has made it permanent. I lis equipment, which 
includes ;i power-presS) is modern and good, and his newspaper and his job 
work prove him a real printer. Politically the Nezvs is independent, but is not 
a "common scold." 



At a special election, May 26, 1900, by a vote of one hundred and five to 
fifty-three, the village decided to organize its government agreeable to the 
general statutes. Officers were chosen June 23d : Trustees, Richard Brown- 
lee, Alva Lumsden, Owen H. Marshall. Anthony Noblet, Charles \V. Smith, 
Oscar F. Winne ; marshal, Edwin R. Hicks; street commissioner, Nathan J. 
Randolph ; health officer. Dr. Orlo S. Canright. 

Presidents: August Wilmer 1900-3. Lawrence Clancy 1904-5, Thomas 
W. O'Connor 1906-9, Paul Schwartz 1910-12. 

Clerks: Oscar R. Kurzrok 1900, Fred H. Coburn 1901-3. Leonard E. 
Rice 1904-7, Washington S. Keats 1908-11, Oscar R. Kurzrok 1912. 

Treasurers: Leonard E. Rice 1900-1, Edward Rohleder 1902-6, Sey- 
mour E. Marshall 1907, Walter C. Dickerman 1908-10, John Weldon 1 < > 1 1 , 
Henry Gaskell 19 12. 

Assessors: William G. Keats 1900-1, Nathan J. Randolph 1902-12. 

Members of county board of supervisors : Washington S. Keats 1900, 
Adam C. Deist 1901-2, Lawrence Clancy 1903. Charles H. Zinn 1904-7. 
Lawrence Clancy 1908-12. 


It is told that the first postoftice in the township was established in 1839, 
at the house of Henry Powers, in section 3, with John F. Potter as postmaster. 
In 1S41 the office was transferred to Sewall Smith"s store, at the village. 
About 1844 it was discontinued for a short time and restored, still under 
Air. Smith. Edward H. Ball was appointed in 1848. John D. Hawes [853, 
Thomas Russell about 1854, Mr. Smith again in 1861. Henry B. Clark [866, 
Joseph W. Church i860. Perry O. Griste in the same year, Rudolph Haber 
nicht 1894, Mr. Griste [898, Edwin R. Hicks 1902, Benjamin F. Schwartz 
[911. October 1, njir. this postoffice was passed from the fourth to the 
third class, and the postmaster's -alary became eleven hundred dollars. 


Austin McCracken built his 1<>" house in [836 and made it serviceable 
as an inn. Emery Thayer bought the place in [842 and in [845 built a house 
of two stories on the same site, and this is yet a pari of the Easl Troy I louse 
Other owners have been Timothy Mower 1855, Loren J. Edwards [856, S. 
Buel Edwards [862, Orson B. Morse [864, Henr) B. I lark- [868. In [872 


Mr. Clark's son-in-law, Harold H. Rogers, became his partner and at his 
death, in 1875. Mr. Rogers was his successor. Later proprietors have been 
Oscar B. Rogers. J. Frank Brooks, and E. Louis Brooks, who now sits at the 
receipt of custom. Besides these are remembered, with very uncertain dates, 
as tenants if not owners, Austin Wright, Seymour Brooks, William Hare. 
Joseph H. Edwards, Alansori Beckwith, Charles W. Smith, and James F. 
Jude. Clark & Rogers bought an old church and joined it to the hotel. 
Thus, the East Troy House is a two-fold relic of the village infancy. 

Samuel Bradley built a cobble-stone house of three stories, between 
1846 and [849, named it the Buena Vista House, and occupied it for a few 
years. This property has changed ownership several times. Among its 
owners and occupants have been Daniel J. Kees about i860, Richard Hotton. 
lames H. Hall. Wright J. Larkin, and Messrs. Primmer. Justin and Churchill 
severally. It is now no lunger used as a public house. 


Sewall Smith built a store and displayed a stock of goods in 1841. Austin 
Wright began competition in 1842. and within a short time Cyril L. Oatman 
and ex-Sheriff Mallory. from Geneva, combined these two enterprises. Other 
early general dealers distinctly known were Alonzo Piatt (once of Elkhorn), 
Henry 11. Austin with John 1). Dorrance. and Joseph R. Stone with variable 
partnerships, as Peter S. Markham, Hiram J. Cowles, and Joseph H. Hurlbut. 
Later dealers have been Jonathan Bailey. E. K. Barker, Adam C. Deist, Perry 
O. Criste. Wilder M. Howard, George and William Meadows, Charles W. 
Smith, llobart A. Tullar, August and Bernhardt Wilmer. 

Ilenn II. Austin, |uhn P. Chafin, William T. Donaldson, Alexander and 
Frank L. Fraser, Perry 0. Griste, Walter C. Hatch. Harold H. Rogers, 
Charles W. and George II. Smith organized the State Bank of East Troy, 
November 10. [892, and began business on the following New Year's day, 
with Rogers as president, Griste vice-president, Chafin cashier. Mr. Rogers 
died March 23, [897, and in December Mr. Griste became president and 
George Meadows vice-president. Edward B. Rohleder was then chosen 
assistant cashier. In September, H|ii. Mr. Griste retired from the bank 
and Mr. Chafin became president. Mr. Rohleder vice-president (and assistant 
cashier), ami Henry E. Henry, from Kew askum. cashier. The capital of this 
bank is thirty thousand dollars. 

October 25, t')i 1, the stockholders of the farmers' and Merchants' State 
Rank chose directors and officers: lames S. Brooks, John Brophy, lames 


and John B. Crosswaite, Albert Jude, James F. Jude (president), Dr. Timothy 
J. O'Leary (vice-president), .Matthew J. Powers (cashier), Frank J. Rice, 
Charles Taft, and Valentine Zimmerman, and named Leonard Martin as 
assistant cashier. In February, 1912, workmen were laying the deep concrete 
foundation walls of a new building for this bank. 

Friday. December 13, 1907, the villagers saw the arrival from and 
return to Milwaukee of electric cars, and themselves restored to easy and 
frequent connection with that greater world which their parents and grand- 
parents had left seventy years before. 

A village system of water-works began in 1908 to afford reasonable 
protection from fires, and bonds were issued to the amount of thirteen thou- 
sand five hundred dollars. A well was bored six hundred ninety-one feet in 
depth, reaching water enough for present use, at the least; and pumping 
works with steel tower and tank provided. The water rises in the well within 
about twenty-one feet of the surface. The drill passed through ninety-two 
feet of drift, three feet of limestone, and thirty-six feet into St. Peter's sand- 
stone. In 1 910 the population was 673. 



John Starr Rockwell was in 1836 a clerk in the government's newly 
established land office at Milwaukee. He learned there, officially and extra- 
officially, something of use to himself and to his brother Le Grand, then in 
his twenty -fifth year, who had come from Butternuts, Xew York, with a 
fair amount of means, to look well about him for a suitable village site. The 
brothers, with Horace Coleman, formed a partnership for the settlement of 
a county seat. In February, 1837, Le Grand and Air. Coleman left Milwaukee, 
but not in quest of mill-site, lakeside, or other special gift of nature to man. 
They knew by common report that good land could be found in nearly every 
section of southeastern Wisconsin, and the immediate object of their search 
was a township corner-stake. Though as yet unnamed and unorganized. 
Walworth count)- was already more than a bare possibility as to its position, 
form, and dimensions; for, men of many political and speculative devices 
gathered at Milwaukee in the earliest existence of the territory of Wisconsin. 

These two speculative geometers found the embryo county's centre of 
gravity in a bit of bog, at the meeting-point of four townships. Then they 
returned for materials, tools, and supplies for settlement. Mr. Coleman's 
faith in the enterprise grew lukewarm and he withdrew from it. and soon 
appeared at Spring Prairie. Mr. Rockwell formed another partnership quite 
readily, and on February -'7th was at the pivotal stake again, lie came for 
himself and brother; Milo Edwin Bradley for his father. Daniel Edwin; 
Albert Ogden for Lewis John Higby, who afterward bought in section g of 
Richmond. \t Spring Prairie they induced Hollis Latham, who had lieen 
there a few weeks, to go with them The company pre-empted four quarter- 
sections and built a cabin in the * ieneva quarter. Mr. Latham chose his home 
in the same quarter, while Rockwell and Ogden made theirs in the Delavan 
quarter. The company yielded its claim to the Sugar Greek quarter in [839, 
when the county commissioners selected a quarter-section for the county's 

It was thought that until it should be needed for county-seal and metro- 
politan use- the company's square mile, as a greal dairy-farm, would soon bring 
fair returns for the money, work, and hope invested. In this these men were 


too far-sighted by forty years; but their city is now at the centre of one of 
the leading dairying counties of the state, and is a shipping-point for a much 
larger area than the company's square mile. In May a framed house was built 
of Geneva-sawn oak, eighteen feet by thirty feet, one and one-half stories 
high. During court terms this became a boarding house, but not until Mi- 
Latham had married Daniel E. Bradley's daughter. Mrs. Lemira Lewis. The 
settlement of the proposed county-seat was in a special way confirmed at the 
new house by the birth of Le Grand Latham. January 4. 1839. But the young 
city had not been childless. Mrs. Latham had a daughter of her first 
marriage, Elizabeth Ann Lewis ( 1 828-1888). who in 1848 married Phineas 
C. (1824-1887). son of Andrew Gilbert and Calmy Butler. Henry, youngest 
of the large family of Daniel E. Bradley and Betsey Sturges, was a year or 
two older than his niece. Milo E. Bradley and wife Nancy had seven children, 
though not all of them as yet born. This family soon settled in section 1 of 
Geneva, and some years later moved to La Crosse county. 

Colonel Phoenix, crossing the prairie southeast of the Rockwell settle- 
ment, had found a pair of antlers which he hung on a tree to mark a point 
in his trail between Spring Prairie and Delavan. This slight circumstance 
soon named the prairie, the village, and the northwestern quarter of the 
county. This extension of the name sometimes makes it difficult or impossible 
to determine whether persons named in other than land records were or were 
not of the village. 

In 1838 Sheldon Walling (1705-1875) and wife, Anna Peets (1798- 
[875), came from western Xew York to section 7 of Geneva. The next 
year Mr. Walling, having become sheriff, moved into the village, where he 
and his sons Fred and George went into retail business. The father was a 
tanner. In 1839 Edward Elderkin and Horatio S. Winsor came to practice 
law. Elderkin bought a farm in the south half of the Geneva section, hi 
1840 Moses Bartlett, William Coulson, John- Hall, Henry II. Hartson. 
Hudson Van Brunt, and George Watson came, bul nol all of them to leave 
of themselves a clear memory. In 1841 Richard Beals 1 17N1 1S551 and 
son Isaac F. ( 1814-1891 l, Geoi ■•■ Gale, Phineas M. Johnson, Levi Lee. Zenas 
Ogden: in 1842, Booth B. Davis and James O. Eaton: in 1843 Adelaide C 
Beardslev. Dexter Dewing and son Geprge, Sanford and William ( ). Garfield, 
William E Gregory, Charles N. Meigs Capt. George and Dr. George II. 
Young, were among the arrivals. Some of these men owned land in adjoining 
towns. Others of the earlier villagers were Philo Baird, Curtis Bellows, Lewis 
S. Bemis. Reuben R. Brown, Alexander S. Brown, Zophar Chittenden, 
Russell Crandall, lohn Cromlev, Anthonv Delap, Eli K. Frost, John Gillespie, 


Peter Colder, Xoah Harriman, David Hartson, Horace N. Hay, Dr. Samuel 
W. Henderson, Edwin Hodges, George Humphrey, Samuel Mallory, John 
Matheson, Job O. Matteson, Orrin Maxham, Lot Mayo and sons Andrew 
and Samuel, Urban D. Meacham, Alonzo Piatt, Davis Reed, Wyman Spooner, 
William L. Stowe, Levi Thomas, Samuel and James L. Tubbs, Dr. Eleazar 
and Francis A. Utter, Lucius Wilmot, Edward Winne. 

Lewis Shepard Bemis (1819-1890), sun of Allen Bemis and Edna 
Shepard. came from Niagara county. Xew York, with wife Olivia ( 1825- 
1904). daughter of Dexter Dewing. About 1850 he became landlord of the 
Exchange Hotel, and after 1857 went into like business at Milwaukee. 

Reuben R. Brown was for some years master of the Masonic lodge and 
was an instructor in the work of the lodge. 

Zophar Chittenden (1823-1894) came from Ohio, a carpenter and joiner, 
and built several of the better houses of the time, in the village and for 
prosperous farmers. He left after 1857 and died at Kalamazoo. 

John Cromley ( 1 822-1899) was a master shoemaker. He made the 
overland trip to California and return, and his general usefulness and com- 
radelike quality shown in the expedition and at the mines were gratefully 
appreciated by his companions. At home, too, he was one of the truest and 
kindest of men. 

Anthony Delap ( [813-1896) was a blacksmith, with other capabilities. 
He built a good house, which be sold to Levi Thomas and then passed over 
to East Delavan neighborhood. 

James O. Eaton married January 1, [843, Mary Miranda Dwinnell, a 
sister of the pioneer-preacher-chronicler of Lafayette. He opened one of the 
earliest general stores in the village. 

Sanford Garfield ( [793-1872), son of Solomon, Jr.. was a cousin of 
President Garfield's father, lie married Clarissa Oakley (1795-1883). He 
was a shoemaker, and came here from Otsego by way of Chautauqua county. 

William Oakley Garfield 1 [819-1888) was born in Vermont; learned 
his lather's calling — shoe-making and came with him in 1842. [lis wife, 
Fidelia ( 1822-11)10 ). was a daughter of Dexter Dewing. 

William E. Gregory came with more than average means, bought a 
farm in the Lafayette quarter, and died soon afterward. His son, William 
Eliot Gregory, about [857 went to Galveston, where he was for several 
years a successful business man. with some railway interests. Mis occasional 
return was welcomed by old friends. I Ms younger son, \s.qih. remained here 
till his death, about [875. 


Xoah Harriman (1805-1903), born in Vermont, bought a farm nearb) 
in Lafavette, and preached as a licensed exhorter. His wife was Lucinda 
Davis (1797- 1 891). 

Horace Noble Hay was for a few years Otis Preston's partner in retail 
business. Air. Preston mentioned him as one who gave much attention to 
his dress and personal appearance. He owned a farm in Lafayette. In 
1852 he started for California, and died of yellow fever, at sea, on his way 
out. His wife was Margaret Fuller. 

Dr. Samuel Wirt Henderson (1817-1857). son of Dr. John M. Hender- 
son's first wife. Rebecca, daughter of Samuel Wirt, was born at Willoughby, 
Ohio. He married Rebecca, daughter of Nathan Hicks. He was accounted 
a skillful physician and surgeon A jump from a wagon to hard ground 
resulted in inflammation of the bowels and in death after a week of pain. He 
understood his case from the first. 

John Matheson (1820-1895), son of John and Jessie, was born in one 
of the joint counties of Ross and Cromarty, Scotland ; apprenticed to a tailor 
at Inverness; came to Lafayette in 1840; opened a shop and store at Elkhorn; 
married Loretta (1827-1903), daughter of Rev. Luther Lee. 

William Lyman Stow e I 1821-1891 ) was born at Stowe. northeastern 
Ohio. He married Lavina. daughter of Philip and Mary Mink, of Walworth, 
in 1851. He was a cabinet-maker and house-joiner. 

Samuel Tubbs (died in 1861) and wife. Polly Frost (1785- 1875), were 
natives of Connecticut who settled at Augusta, New York, and lived a short 
time at Chagrin Falls, Ohio. A son. Isaac P., died at Elkhorn in 1859, aged 
fifty. A daughter. Martha, wife of Nicholas George Bowers, and two 
daughters were successively wives of Lot Mayo. Mrs. Tubbs was nearl) 
related to Alvah J. and Eli K. Frost. 

Edward Winne ( [815-1886) was son of a rich man of Albany, and 
was at once a business man (in lumber and grain) at Elkhorn and a farmer 
of section 4. Geneva. The hard times of 1X57 sent him to northeastern Iowa. 
He died at Bozeman, Montana. ' His wife, Lydia Maria Chapman, was 
married November 6, 1844; died at Waverly, Iowa, in [892. Mr. Winne's 
father left to him his hooks, and for many years these constituted the large 1 
private library at Elkhorn. 

Having chosen his villagi te settled on it. and named it from Colonel 
Phoenix's trail-mark, and a vote of the county in [838 (confirmed by leg 
lative act) having made it the county-seat. Mr. Rockwell's next great care 
was to lav out a few streets ahout the park and set < >ff tin I blocks 



into home lots. As at first platted the village was wholly on the county's 
quarter-section. Edward Xorris, the county surveyor, laid out the streets, 
blocks and lots, and Mr. Rockwell was appointed county agent for sale of 
lots. There were five parallel streets, running northward and southward. 
Beginning with East street, on the section line, the others are Washington, 
Wisconsin, Broad and Church. Beginning near the intersecting section line, 
the streets running from east to west are named Park (then called South), 
Walworth, Court, Jefferson, and North. Court, Wisconsin, Walworth, and 
Church streets bound the park, which overlies or cuts in twain Broad street. 
All these and the newer streets are four rods wide, except Walworth and 
Broad, which are six rods wide. These two streets were designed for business 
uses, but a hotel built at Wisconsin and Walworth streets diverted business 
from Broad street. No alleys were considered in the original plat nor in the 
several additions. 

Rockwell's first addition enlarged the village by a narrow tier of blocks 
eastward, and by a row of blocks southward, to Rockwell street. After 1854, 
when coming railways filled men's minds by day with hopes and their dreams 
by night with visions of cities rising like exhalations, bringing wealth in 
front-foot values to each lucky lot owner, Colonel Elderkin laid out his addi- 
tion southeastwardly and gave Jackson, Wright and Frank streets to the vil- 
lage map. Arm ild's addition, eastward, was laid out by the heirs of Giles 
Thompson Arnold of Victor, New York, who had bought a quarter section and 
had soon afterward died. Levi Lee's addition and the smaller Edwin Hodges 
addition, westward, lay within the area of village growth. Booth B. Davis' 
addition, northward, gave a few more streets and avenues, and grew some- 
what more slowly into valuable lots. The rather premature Squire Stanford 
and Heman II. Harrison additions lie northwestward and are but thinly 
settled, and much like' them, except as to Walworth street, is the farther 
westward Devendorf, Mallory and Spencer addition. Dr. Devendorf was of 
Delavan. Samuel Mallory was a substantial and reputable citizen, but not a 
real-estate "boomer." David I'. Spencer became too well known to bankers 
and depositors in three states, lie was at Elkhorn less than two years. 
Finally, there were the abortive Centralia and Byzantium additions, the first 
far to eastward, the other across the railway, southward. Both were the 
unsubstantial creations id" Otis Preston's restless mind 

A village straggling into four sections, in as mam towns, soon found 
it inconvenient to divide its little squad of voters among four polling-places 
on election days and its yearly accounts with the county government equally 
troublesome at the record offices. A legislative act of February 27, 1S40. 


relieved this situation by creating a new town from section 1 of Delavan, 
section 6 of Geneva, section 31 of Lafayette, and section 36 of Elkhorn. 
As the new town received the name of its village, the older Elkhorn became 
Sugar Creek. In 1856 the village was chartered and its limits made co- 
extensive with those of the town, the whole constituting also one school 
district. In 1897 a general law made Elkhorn a city of the fourth class, 
its population being then above fifteen hundred and below ten thousand. 
With tin- last change disappeared the time-honored April town meeting, 
which regulated the corporate revenue and outlay by viva voce vote of electors 
present at the hour appointed; and with it went the Jul}- school meeting, 
which in similar purely democratic way disposed yearly of the affairs of the 
village considered as a school district. The change of four villages of tins 
county to cities has brought more power to the local administrations, broader 
and more efficient systems of public improvements, and, of course, greater 
cost to taxpayers. 

The city of Elkhorn lies above sea-level, at the railway station 996 feet, 
at the court-house 1,031 feet, at points in the farthest northwest quarter 
1,038 feet. It was for long supposed and said that it is on the highest 
ground in the county, which is nearly true, but not so nearly as to warrant 
the slight misstatement. Sharon and Walworth villages are nearly as high 
and the Yerkes Observatory is on ground higher by twelve feet. The 
point in the short high ridge of section 19, Geneva, is about one hundred feet 
higher than any part of Elkhorn. The rise from the station northward to 
Park street is of nearly uniform slope. The greater part of the city is built 
on practically level ground. The surface of the town was mostly of black- 
prairie mould, a spade-thrust deep, which gave rise to a harmless sarcasm; 
in effect, that sixteen fine cornfields weie spoiled to make a needless city. 
The gravel next below is so mixed and underlaid with clay as to make the 
natural surface drainage worse than that of any city or village of the county, 
excepting Walworth. But it has become practicable, after many years. In 
secure dry cellars for new buildings. Good sewers are possible whenever 
the citizens are able and willing to bear their cost, as there is a lair descent 
southward to Jackson's creek. A once considerable pond or marsh in the 
northeastern quarter has so far shrunk as to leave but twenty-five acres, 
at the northern line, slightly under water. 


Religion and secular education came hand in hand. A Methodist society 
was formed about 1841, and before the end of that year the Episcopal society 


began its long pioneer period. The Congregationalists organized in 1843, 
the Baptists in 1852, the Catholics in E&48, the Evangelican Lutherans in 
1870, the Universalists built a church in 1874. the Lutherans of the Ohio 
synod separated in 1898 and built a church. In 1856 the Methodists built 
a large church of brick, which was burned in [859. They rebuilt of wood, 
afterward encased with brick, and have continued to improve their home 
within and without, and they first bought and then built a parsonage. St. 
John's, Episcopal, was built about 1855, of wood, extended in 1858, re-built 
of brick during the rectorship of Mr. Pullen — having first built a rectory. 
Extensions and improvements succeeded, and an organ, altar, baptismal font, 
and stained windows have given the church some distinction in appearance. 
In 1858 the Congregational am! Wesleyans jointly built a church, which in 
1882 gave way to a suitable brick building, creditable to the liberality and 
good taste of its owners. (The Wesleyans long ago retired from the part- 
nership, and have been absorbed by other societies). A parsonage was soon 
added to the Congregational property. Like their Methodist, Episcopal, and 
Baptist brethren, they own a dining-hall on the fair ground. The Baptist 
church, built in 1853 of wood, roomy and comfortable, was pulled away in 
1885 and a brick church took its place. This was largely rebuilt in 1897 and 
made a thin,? of beauty. In Kn'7 it was so far injured by tire that it was 
built anew, and new seems likely to meet all needs for a generation to come. 
The Catholics had for several year- held fortnightly service in a mission 
chapel. In [880 they built St. Patrick's church of brick on a fine lot 
prudently acquired at a favorable opportunity some years previously, and 

upied it until too;, when it was pulled down and built anew with en- 
largement and improvement \ good house for the priest was built soon 
after the firsl building was finished. There is much in the story of this 
ciety's early struggles and of the things it has accomplished without noise 
to move tin- mind to sympath) and admiration. The older Lutheran church 
was built, of wood, in 1 88 | on the site of a house built for a select school. 
It odern village style, and i- both sightly and comfortable. In the 

pastorate of Rev. Carl II. \.uerswald, 18.18, the membi divided and the 

eders buill a brick church in the same block. The Univ. rsalisl society 
■ inactive ome years. Christian Scientists use part 

of the otherwise empty church. 

The present church buildings are becoming to a not wealthy little city, 

1 the societies arc mostly full of the vitality which supports Christian 

ation and it- appropriate work. The several slow, painful steps in 

the earlier >\\ mosl , 1 church societies are 


naturally and rightly memorable to the surviving toilers, and incidents of 
these patient struggles are yet told. Such trials of body and spirit are part 
of the common experience of newly planted and for long but slowly-increas- 
ing communities and institutions. Each congregation still knows and feels 
the disproportion of its means to its great aims ; but Episcopal rectors no 
longer swim swollen streams and labor through not less formidable mud 
to meet communicants in a pioneer's little dwelling, nor do gray-haired 
Catholic priests plow or plunge through otherwise unbroken road from 
Delavan to Elkhorn to hold fortnightly service in a chapel little more sightly 
or comfortable than a barn. 

The story of schools has points of resemblance to that of churches; 
but the great difference is that churches are built and maintained by the 
voluntary sacrifices of the few, while the schools quickly become the care of 
the body politic and are upheld by taxation which exempts no man for his 
unwillingness. The rise of neither institution is by sudden flight. Each 
moves always forward, through difficulty and delaying circumstances, by 
uneven steps, toward its always far-ahead object. Private schools at Elk- 
horn, taught by Lydia Carr, Mary S. Brewster, Adelaide B. Beardsley, 
Colonel Elderkin, and others whose names are lost to local memory, were 
followed in 1840 by a public school. Its house was built on a lot reserved 
for its purpose from the county's quarter section. It was twenty feet square, 
and afterward remembered as the "old oak school-house." In 1850 a larger 
house was built on the same lot, of native brick, two-storied, without outer 
ornament, substantial, homely, and comfortable. This house was not 
neglected by prudent school boards, for it was occasionally painted as to 
its wood-work and its rooms, vestibule and stairway, whitewashed yearly 
as to ceilings and walls. Its construction admitted such extensions and 
alterations as to make it a neat old-fashioned dwelling for Doctor Reynolds, 
and after him Belden Weed. Ex-Sheriff Derthick now lives where soldiers, 
civil officers, business and professional men, and other merely useful and 
excellent citizens, many of whom are yet living between Michigan shore and 
Pacific coast, learned the three R's and something besides, and laid broad 
bases for their maturer lives. 

A new school house was built in 1X57, in Arnold's addition, fronting 
Jackson street, and at the head of Walworth street. It was adapted to the 
needs of four grades. Its ample ground has now a fine growth of shade 
trees. A two-storied addition was built in 1882 and burned with the whole 
structure in 1886. For a year the departments divided themselves among 
nearly a dozen temporary refuges. The new building with furnishing cost 



twenty-five thousand dollars. Increase in the number of pupils and depart- 
ments, arising from the admission of pupils from other towns, made another 
building needful. This was supplied, at a cost of thirty-five thousand dollars, 
in 1906, by a separate house for the sole use of the high school, built a few 
feet from the older house. Both are steam-heated and electric-lighted. The 
total value of ground, buildings, and equipment is about seventy-five thousand 
dollars. Nominally a high school for some years, a resolution of the school 
meeting of July. 1876, made this institution really so by directing a slight re- 
arrangement of study-courses and other compliances with the rules of the 
state superintendent's office, where the subsequent work of the school has 
been acceptable. 

A full list of teachers cannot now be shown, for such record as was 
made was cared for but shabbily by often-changing clerks. It is learned from 
records and somewhat uncertain memory that there were Levi Jackson, Mary 
S. Brewster, and Lydia Carr in 1841 ; Emeline McCracken in 1842; Adelaide 
C. Beardsley 1844; Eli K. Frost and Helen Mar Cowdery 1849; Alvah J. 
Frost 1850; William P. Frost about that year. Miss Brewster became Mrs. 
Edward Pentland, Miss McCracken was married to Edwin Wallis Meacham, 
ami Miss Cowdery to Darius Ionian. 

After these the record is rather less broken: James 15. Tower.* Benja- 
min C. Rogers* and wife, and Selinda J. Gardner in 1851: William C. 
Dustin,* Mrs. Flora M. l'ratt. Harriet Leonard in 1852; M. W. Carroll.* 
Pamela A. Darling, Mary Louisa and Sarah F. Patton in 1853; Matthew 
Waldenmeyer,* Julia Stevens, Mi-ses Morrill and Swain in 1854; J. C. 
Plumb,* Stephen Sibley,* Henry D. L. Webster,* Sarah J. Allen. Ellen 
I'.canlsley in 1855; George M. Dewey,* Robert M. McKee,* J. J. M. Angier,* 
feanette Henderson, Mr-. Laura Young Plumb, Mr-. Jane E. Utlcy in 
1856; '). Sherman Cook,* Emily IX Carpenter, Harriet Marion Perkins, 
Nellie Young in [857; Orlando M. Laker. Helen Chamberlin, Susan M. 

Golder, Eliza G Irich, Melvina Vienna Hawk- in [858; Everett Chamber- 

lin.* Minnie Hubbard, Sarah Ponsford, A. I. Wheeler in [859; Zeruiah 
Adkins, Elvira Chapman. Aristine Curtis, Philena Tuttle, Flavius Josephus 
Harrington in [860; Emerson Peet* in [861 ; \. M. Case,* T. X. Wells.* 
Helen E Selden in 1862; Charles W. Cutler. 1 Lydia Malvina Aldrich, M. 
C. Bennett, Mary Holley in [863. Asterisks 'lenote principals. Some of 
these teacher- were more than once employed. Mr. Plumb stayed long 
enough to marrj Laura Young, who remained after lie left the school. Mr. 
Sibley was a son of John Sibley, of Bloomfield. Mr. McKee married Mrs. 
fjtle) Miss Henderson became Mr-. Chipman V Holley; Miss Perkins, 


Mrs. Frank Leland; Miss Hawks, Mrs. Horace L. Arnold; Miss Aldrich, 
Mrs. Dyar L. Cowdery; Miss Allen, Mrs. Alanson H. Barnes. Messrs. 
Chamberlin, Cutler and Harrington were soldiers of the Civil war. 

Loss of record prevents further enumeration of subordinate teachers, 
but the succession of principals from 1864 to 1912 is fully known: Mr. 
Cutler in 1864, William Elden 1865, Augustus J. Cheney 1866. In Sep- 
tember, 1867. the school was reorganized with four grades and began its 
work with Mr. Cutler at its head, Charles N. Bell 1869 (his term com- 
pleted by Orvie G. Taylor), W. A. Delamater 1871. Edward H. Sprague 
1873. David H. Flett 1877, Adelbert I. Sherman 1879, Howard L. Smith 
1881. F. G. Young 1883, Dexter D. Mayne 1884. Robert Fayette Skiff 1889, 
John T. Edwards 1890, Charles D. Kipp 1894, Thomas J. Jones 1900, John 
Dixon 1907 to 1912. Messrs. Bell, Flett, H. L. Smith, and Sprague became 
lawyers. Mr. Baker has for many years been treasurer of the Merriam 
Company, publishers of "Webster's Dictionary." At the opening of the 
public library he gave to it a copy of that work. Messrs. Mayne, Edwards, 
and Jones were called to higher or wider usefulness in their profession. 

In 1856 Edwin. Hodges built at Park and Church streets for the use 
of a select school. The teacher list was not long, and Lorenzo Dow Hand, 
Harriet M. Perkins. Everett Chamberlin, J. F. Mack, and Anna Friend are 
most easily remembered. In 1858 Robert M. McKee opened a school for 
one year, in Preston's Centralia block. 


Business at Elkhorn began in 1838 at Mr. Rockwell's store, and by 1842 
Booth B. Davis and James O. Eaton came, each to add to increasing trade 
the enlivening element of competition. John Matheson came about that time 
from Inverness, and advertised himself as a fashionable tailor. By [850 
his brother, Finley Matheson. advertised a stock of hats and caps and also 
first-rate port wine and brandy for medicine only. He had but lately come 
from Demerara and therefore knew how to buy medicinal liquors and wines. 
Reuben Harriman was making and dealing in boots and shoes. Walling & 
Son advertised harness-maker's goods and carriage trimmer's works. Ed 
ward Elderkin, George Gale. Urban D. Meacham, and VVyman Spooner 
were resident lawyers. Samuel \V. Henderson and George II. Young were 
the home physicians. Levi Lee had Elkhorn brick in any quantity and of 
excellent quality for sale. At the end of bis term as sheriff, in 185 1, Otis 
Preston went into general retail business with Horace X. Hay as partner, 


and later with Benjamin F. Pope. He remained in a steadily decreasing 
business until his death, in 1890, and hoped to the end for himself and 


There were other men in business before the dawn of the railway period, 
but changes were frequent then as later and dates are uncertain. Among 
these were George Bulkley and Edwin Hodges, each of whom had various 
speculative enterprises in hand. Mr. Hodges was generally prudent and 
Mr. Bulkley was sometimes less prudent. The business career of each closed . 
in total failure. 


From earliest years there were money-lenders and petty brokers. The 
demand for money was pressing and constant. Two to three per cent 
monthly was readily obtained, even when the security offered was the best 
that the time and place admitted. The products of Wisconsin as yet brought 
insufficient money from eastern cities, and a currency that would pass within 
the state was thought much better than none. The statute permitted the 
creation of banks of issue, and the notes of these local conveniences were 
based upon rather than secured by deposit of depreciated bonds of other 
states, as Tennessee, Missouri, and California. A few of these banks, no 
doubt, were of the "wild-cat" variety from their beginning. Most of them 
became so, in effect, when such test as that of 1857 was applied. 

An advertisement in the Elkhorn Independent, in 1855, called for some 
man having knowledge and experience as a hanker to come and help. David 
I). Spencer, of Ilion, Xew York, heard and answered the Macedonian cry. 
and in the next year the Bank of Elkhorn, with capital of twenty-five thou- 
sand dollars, was organized with Mr. Rockwell as president and the wise 
man from the East as cashier. One of the pleasantest, mosl winning fellows 
was Spencer; but a year of his partnership was enough for Mr. Rockwell. 
who was one of the sanesl and safest of business men. He retired and with 
his brothers and brother-in-law formed a private banking house. Dr. Jesse 
1 \lilU followed him in the presidenc} of Spencer's bank. The Doctor was 
one of the best of men, bu1 singularly simple-minded in business affairs of 
more weight than those of a village retailer. This he had shown as a state 
. and showed again, after several years, in an autobiographical sketch 
asked of him for inclusion with Mr. Dwinnell's projected county history. 
Such a man would be a bank presidenl very much to Mr. Spencer's mind. 
Within little more than a month from ibis change, and while the monetary 
panic of thai year was yet but a da\ or two old, the bank was closed — by 


Spencer's neglect to unlock the front door — without the demand at its counter 
of a dollar by depositor or note-holder. Within a day or two more, at the 
demand of directors and stockholders, the cashier unlocked the door and, 
opening the old-fashioned Herrick safe, he pulled a drawer and showed 
thirty-one big copper cents and coolly told his employers that there was the 
entire coin asset of their bank. His last act as cashier had been to receive 
as a special deposit, from a widow of Spring Prairie, six hundred dollars 
in gold. He made such restitution as his small interest in local real-estate 
enabled, and was permitted to go forth to gain further experience in Georgia, 
in Grundy county. Tllinois, and at Chicago, and then lived a few wears, self- 
exiled to Europe, as a philosophical observer of fiscal systems abroad. 

Doctor Mills was followed in the presidency by John Alexander Pierce 
in 1858 and J. Lyman Edwards in 1861, and George Bulkley became cashier. 
Early in 1865 Messrs. Edwards and Bulkley, with William H. Conger, Amos 
Fellows. Osborn Hand and Robert T. Seymour, constituted the directorate 
of the First National Bank of Elkhorn, into which concern the old bank 
was merged with some changes in ownership. Tn the fall of 1869 it was 
found that in the cashier's private speculation he had made the bank liable 
for his loss: for he had used its credit in a manner forbidden by federal 
law and by the customs of scrupulous and careful bankers. Mr. Bulkley, 
whose business ability had been estimated rather extravagantlv, may have 
Urn judged even more harshly than he deserved. It might seem that he 
was much the great loser, for he lost his own money and other property. 
his friends, and his family. For nearly a quarter-century he had been an 
appreciable force in local business and in town affairs. He faced the 
situation squarely until all possible adjustments had been made, and then 
went to Kansas; but it was too late to begin at bottom and build himself 
anew. One true friend, his sister Amanda, remained to his end. She had 
small means for her own support, but was resourceful and resolute, and she 
placed her abilities at the service of the family which had cast him off, and 
then went for a time to Kansas to make a home for him and to give such 
aid and comfort as a capable and faithful woman might. 

Mr. Conger became cashier until his death in 1895, when he was 
followed by Fred W. Isham. The latter's resignation in 191 1 served to 
promote Henry D. L. Adkins. who began as a boy, under his grandfather's 
wise instruction, to serve a long apprenticehood in the business of banking. 
Mr. Conger was son of a prosperous farmer of Dutchess county, and was 
well bred to farm work though he did not permanently harden his hands. 
His education was but rudimentary and neither that nor his habit of life 


had fitted him for the daily routine of banker's business. He was twice 
imposed upon by clumsy forgeries, both of which were detected and punished. 
But in 1869 he was a man for an emergency. Men knew him as a man of 
undoubted integrity, having a high sense of personal and commercial honor, 
a man of courage to face disaster, a fair judge of real-estate values and 
having a wide personal acquaintance within the circle of his business; and 
he had a large interest in the bank. He was just-minded in most matters, 
public-spirited, of equable temper, and an excellent neighbor. Besides, he 
wisely leaned on Henry Adkins, who served long and well as bookkeeper 
and teller, as to the conduct of the bank's business. He found the bank 
marly moribund and left it sound and full of promise of great length of 
years. Its deposits now amount to six hundred thousand dollars. 

In 1885 William J. Bray and Edmund J. Hooper came from Palmyra, 
bought and fitted a building, and opened a banking house, under the state 
laws The next year they admitted to their partnership Winsor S. Dunbar, 
John G. Flack, Asa Foster, George Hutton, Robert J. and Thomas E. Lean, 
John Oslock. and Frederick Winters, and formally organized as the State 
Bank of Elkhorn, its capital twenty-five thousand dollars. In 1899 Thomas 
J. Sleep became president. In 1909 Mr. Hooper, who from the first had 
been cashier, retired from the bank and Miss Amanda Winters, assistant 
cashier, served in his stead. In 1910 Mr. Hooper came again into the bank 
as president with Laurel W. Swan as cashier. There are now twenty-seven 
stockholders. The deposits amount to nearly four hundred thousand dollars. 


Local brick-yards were everywhere wanted, though their product might 
be narrowly limited as to quantity and far behind the once famous Mil- 
waukeean article in color and quality. The roads were laid out rather than 
made, and for half n\ the year nearly impassible for heav) carriage. There 
were indications of brick-clay in the western side of the village, much of 
which material was on Levi Lee's domain. 11 is numerous enterprises called 
for something brick-shaped, and he therefore opened a pit along the line of 
Jefferson street. Some men have said that his clay was of fair quality for 
its purpose, but as to this there has been -cme doubting, for the product of 
raried from rather hard to the softness of crayon. Men whose 
reverence for Mr. Lee could nol be called idolatrj were used to say that 
at each firing he would count and la) oul a fixed number of rails or sticks 
Oi 1 iod, and when these were burned the bricks were baked. lie sold 

all he buriied or dried, and his brick- helped to build the village. 


When railway prospects hastened the village growth, and men began 
to add each morning another dollar to yesterday's front-foot price of their 
real estate, it was found that more bricks were needed. Nathan Sexton, who 
had come to a farm west of the village, found it worth while to lease a 
bit of Albert Ogden's land along Walworth street, two long blocks south- 
ward from Lee's works. The clay was of better quality, and Mr. Sexton 
knew how to make brick. Baird & Ogden (the latter a brother of the 
pioneer) worked this yard for a year or two each side of 1856. Mr. Sexton 
resumed the work with George Burpee as a partner. The latter continued 
this industry until his death in 1876, after which followed a period of 

Edward H. Sprague took the old yard in hand in 1886, and calling his 
brother, George B. Sprague, from Lancaster, they began a systematic pro- 
duction of bricks and drain tiles by providing coal-burning furnaces, engine, 
pug-mills, engine-house, and sheds, and with all these went and still goes 
Mr. Sprague's personal supervision. Of late the demand for home-made 
bricks has become visibly less than formerly, but that for drain-tiles is likely 
to be for some years actiye. 

Edwin Daniels owned or had invented a quick process of leather-making 
by the use of terra japonica. In 1S57 William Walker, a harness-maker, 
built a tannery, with six vats, in East street, between Court and Walworth. 
The Walker & Daniels leather (mostly sole-leather) found for a season a fair 
home market. Men who wore it found that whenever it was wet through 
it stained through stockings and gave their feet a beautiful deep Mongolian 
complexion. The tannery had not come to stay, and in a few more years 
the building was moved around the next southward corner to serve tem- 
porarily as a chapel. Its latest use to mankind was as a shop where William 
Allen Barnes wrought with brain and hand on his models for improved corn- 
harvesters and propellers for ocean-navigation ; and then it was burned in 

George Watson, in 1852, built the brick shop at Court and Washington 
streets and made wagons and buggies. About 1855 he gave place to Josiah 
W. Gaylord and Isaac Stoner, respectively wheelwright and blacksmith and 
both good workmen. The all-ruining and far-dispersing panic period dis- 
solved the firm and reduced Edward McDonald, its successor, and the shop 
to repair work, chiefly, until 1870. Nelson Hanson then resumed wagon- 
making with Frederick Opitz at first as his blacksmith and then as his 
partner. This firm, too, passed away and a blacksmithy remains. Nearly 
contemporary with the brick shop was the white shop at Walworth and 


Washington streets, built by Edward Winne, who worked at nothing but 
attempted .several other enterprises, none of which returned his investment. 
He employed wrights, smiths, painters, and trimmers until the business had 
lived out its short lite. In 1857 Bernard Malachi Madden and William Van 
Gasbeck, woodworkers, George Clary and Henry J. Shaver, smiths, and 
Dexter Witter, trimmer and painter, formed the Elkhorn Carriage Company. 
They were good workmen. Madden one of the best in the state, and they 
deserved the success which their time denied them. 

In 1851 Joel A. Daniels and Moses Hemenway, both of Winnebago 
county, Illinois, bought about an acre of Colonel Elderkin's land, nearly 
opposite the fair-ground and on the margin of the broad, shallow pond — 
now dry enough for corn fields. They built and equipped a steam grist-mill. 
but their capital was small and their flour not of highest quality. The 
property changed ownership more than once, and the mill was most of the 
time idle, until i860, when Mr. Hodges leased and refitted it. George W. 
Ellis came as miller and in no long time as temporary owner. His was the 
last attempt to make Hour by steam power. 

I). Mansfield Stearns built and equipped a wind-mill, near the northern 
end of Wisconsin street in 1870. The breezes were found too unsteady and 
lawless for profitable use as mill power. After him came Nathaniel Pitkin, 
"a gentleman, sir. and a scholar, sir; you see, sir." He ground feed for 
two or three years, after which Charles Beetow had a term at the hopper. 
Then the wheel was blown away and the building was left to the tooth of 

About t866 Osmer C. Chase, Nathaniel Carswell, and Clarence E. 
Remer refitted the steam mill building for cheese-making. The business was 
continued by Carswell & Wiswell, and in i88j b) George X. Wiswell. Late 
in [883 the building was burned, leaving only its stone foundation and its 
stout brick walls. On these Waller A. West began in January, 18S4. to re- 
establish a slowly, steadily growing enterprise. In March he was ready for 
business, and with John H. Harris the firm of Harris & West began a 
prosperous career. In [900 Miner >\ Thompson took the old works, and 
Harris & West in [904 began their works near the railway station, and these 
have since been greatlj extended. The building was designed and equipped 
Eor latest and best methods of making Elgin butter ami plain and fancy 
cheeses. Their little eh- have reached the Mohawk valley, and other 

11 are not barred againsl them. The latest extension, for condensing 
milk, is nearly ready for its work. This factory is one of nine now owned 
by John II and George I'.. Harris, George D. Puffer (of Waukesha), and 


Walter A. West, incorporated as the Wisconsin Butter and Cheese Company. 
The estimated value of the works at Elkhorn is one hundred thousand dollars 


About two dozen persons, of fourteen families, met in December, 1852, 
at the court house and organized a Baptist society, choosing Rev. Thomas 
Bright as pastor. He lived on his farm, about a mile from the park, within 
the town of Geneva, a circumstance which often enabled him to be useful 
in emergencies, long after his pastorate ended. George W. Gates came in 
1856, Thomas Brande 1858, John H. Dudley, Joseph E. Johnson 1866, Levi 
Parmly, Francis M. lams 1869, Arthur L. Wilkinson 1870, Ferdinand D. 
Stone 1873, George A. Creissey 1874, Sylvester E. Sweet 1879, Henry A. 
Buzzell 1885, J. Russell Baldwin 1892, Charles Carey Willett 1896, Henry 
Clay Miller 1901, Warren Hastings McLeod 1903, J. Hector Miller 1906, 
Charles A. Hemenway 1908. 

For several years the Catholics of Elkhorn and its vicinity seemed a 
nearly negligible element of local religious life, but good grain was sown 
early and in 1848 Rev. Francis Prendergast came from the mission at 
Delavan to hold services at Michael Fahey's. Services were held occasionally 
at the court-house. The parish was poor but steadfast, and the general 
increase of population from 1854 to 1857 brought gain in numbers to this 
as to the other churches. About 1861 a lot was bought at Walworth and 
East streets, and a disused tannery building was moved from a half-block 
away and fitted decently for temporary use. Thereafter until Rev. John 
William Yahev came in 1878 as a resident priest, the clergy of St. Andrew's 
came fortnightly from Delavan to minister at the altar of St. Patrick's. 
Another and in most ways more desirahle lot had been bought, at Walworth 
and Church streets, on . which two large churches have successively been 
built, the first one having been used twenty years. In 1886 Rev. Michael 
Luby came for one year's service, and in 1887 Rev. James Nicholas closed 
for the present the list of resident priests of St. Patrick's. 

Rev. Amnon Gaston, then of Delavan, organized the Congregational 
society at Capt. George Young's hotel, in 1843. ami gave it part of his 
time as pastor. David Pinkerton came in T844. Samuel E. Miner 1847, 
Jedidiah D. Stevens 1852, Lyman Huggins Johnson 1857. John Babson Linn 
Soule i860, Stephen .D. Peet 1865, Calvin Carlton Adams 1 [813-1906) in 
1867, Alba Levi Parsons Loomis i8f>8, Peter S. Yan Nest (1813-1893) in 
1872. Joel Gleason Sabin (1821-1897) in 1874. Ilanford Fowle 1878, 


Newton Barrett 1881, Samuel Fay Stratton 11X37-1883) in 1883. George 
Francis Hunter (1855-1891) in 1884, Charles H. Fraser 1886, David R 
Anderson 1890, George Cavanah Lochridge ( 1845-1903) in 1893, Frederick 
M. Hubbell 1900, Jesse F. Taintor 1904, Almon O. Stevens 1905. 

To found the Episcopal parish of St. John in the Wilderness was in 
1841 the work of Revs. James Lloyd Breck, William Adams, a son-in-law 
of the bishop, and John Henry Hobart. all named often by the older mem- 
bers, though the last named is nowhere found in parish or public record. He 
was a son of the bishop of his name, and it is known that he was in 1865 
rector of Grace church. Baltimore. Tt is likely that he was of Bishop 
Kemper's staff of serviceable young mission workers, sent where and when 
occasion needed. For many years rectors at Delavan supplied Elkhorn's 
frequent need. The succession of rectors as shown by parish books was 
John McNamara in 1848 and again in 1858. William S. Ludlum 1851. Gerrit 
E. Peters 1X53. Henry M. Thompson 1856, Joseph H. Nichols 18 — . Joseph 
C. Passmore 1861, ('. T. Seibt, Alexander F. W. Falk, Charles N. Spalding, 
George W. Dean 1 these five last named were professors at Racine College, 
holding Sunday service between 1861 and 1S71), George W. Harrod 1872, 
Edward Huntington Rudd [873, Charles Melvin Pullen [875, Henry Hughes 
[881, Charles Holmes (from Delavan) 1882, Luke Paul Holmes 1888, 
William B. Thorn [892, Edward A. Bazett- Jones, 1894, Charles N. Spald- 
ing [896, John Welling Areson 1898, Philip Henry Linley 1901, Arthur J. 
Wescott [904, Elijah Hedding Edson [906, Alan Grant Wilson 1910, Free- 
man Philip O. Reed 101 c. Hates indicate beginning of each rectorship. ^.s 
in the other churches, the pastor was not always followed immediately by his 

An Evangelical Lutheran society was formed in 1870 with Rev. Heinrich 
P. Duborg as nonresident pastor. Rev. Johannes |. Meier, who came about 
[875, brought his family in 1870, and was succeedad by Wilhelm Buehring 
in [879, Johannes Dejung 1882, Timotheus J. Saner. 1886, Carl H. Auerswald 
[893, Christian Gevers 1898 to the present time. Before the end of Mr. 
Auerswald's pastorate a division of the society occurred, and a new church 
was built in 1898. Its resident pastors have been Hugo Stubenvoll 1898, 
Karl ( ). Salzmann [901, Heinrich Cull 1902. Carl Hammer 1905. Since 
1007 the church service lias been supplied by Herman Lindemann and 
August Kohlhoff, of Burlington. 

In [852 the Methodist Episcopal society began its roll of resident clergy 
with the name of Joseph C, 1 'ana. .after whom John Tibbals 1853. D. B. 
Vnderson [854, Levi Lee [855, Russell P.'ton 1856, Stephen Smith 


1858, Thomas White 1859, Horace B. Crandall i860, John G. Pingree 1862, 
Andrew J. Mead 1864, Joseph T. Woodhead 1866, David Deal 1868, 
William R. Jones 1870, Samuel Lugg 1872, John L. Hewitt 1873, John D. 
Cole 1874. Wesley Lattin 1875, Thomas T. Howard 1876, Samuel C. 
Thomas 1877, Norvall Joseph Aplin 1879, Hiram G. Sedgwick 1881, John 
Schneider 1883, Payson W. Peterson 1885, John V. Trenery 1887, William H. 
Summers 1889, John W. Olmstead 1891, Elvanlo C. Potter 1893, William 
Wesley Woodside 1890, Mark A. Drew 1898, Sidney A. Sheard 1900, J. 
Thomas Murrish 1902, Jason L. Sizer 1907, Thomas Austin 191 1. 

Of clergymen remembered as church-builders were Messrs. Barrett, 
Barry, Bright, Buzzell, Dejung, Luke P. Holmes. Johnson, Lee, Nicholas, 
Peters, Pullen, Vahey, Willet. Mr. Johnson had been bred to the use of 
hawk and trowel and he plastered every yard of the ceilings and walls of 
the church built in [858, having Bro. Osborn Hand to carry mortar. A 
few years later he left the state, the pulpit, and his young family. Messrs. 
Pullen and L. P. Holmes worked on church and rectory with hands well 
hardened to the use of saw, plane, hammer, and the ruder tools of labor. 
Fathers Vahey and Nicholas were practical architects, and Mr. Willett de- 
vised and supervised the extensive alterations of his church. Mr. Lee made 
the brick for the church of 1856. Mr. Dejung was also a bee-keeper, and 
often sat with book and pipe among his swarms. Mr. Barry had been state 
superintendent of schools and also chaplain of the Fourth Wisconsin In- 
fantry. While in military service he said or wrote that he had been preaching 
universal salvation for many years, but was at last convinced that hell was 
just then a military necessity. Messrs. David R. Anderson, Crandall, 
Cressey. Lochridge, Stratton, Sweet, and Vahey also served in the Civil war. 
Mr. Sedgwick was an amateur telescope-maker, and owned a portable ob- 
servatory, from which might be seen the moons of Jupiter and Saturn. He 
had been a telegrapher, and was serviceable in 1882 as a "scab" operator 
during a strike of telegraphers. Henry DeLancey Webster, Universalist, 
wrote lyrics for his namesake's music. Prof. J. P. Webster was not his 
relative, but he had W. Lyman Stowe and Mrs. Levi Lee among his cousins. 


George Gale, with Francis Asbury Utter, a printer from Towanda, 
Pennsylvania, began business June 2, 1845, on the upper floor of the Booth 
R. Davis (brick) store, with a half-medium press and a few pounds of 
type. The arrival of a newspaper press was delayed for five months, lint 


the office began work at once. Its first job was to print blank forms for the 
circuit clerk's use. Mr. Gale set about printing the first of several editions 
of his book of legal forms which was finished in the following April. Friday, 
August 8, 1845, the Western Star rose above the near eastern tree-tops, the 
first newspaper in the county. Seven numbers were printed with new type 
on good paper about the size of a quarter-sheet auction bill. A larger press 
was needed and in November Mr. Gale bought of Hon. John Wentworth 
("Long John") the old "pioneer press" on which the Chicago Democrat had 
first been printed. The Star was then enlarged to "a wide twenty-column 
folio." Mr. Gale had no mind in indulge in editorship as a pastime or as a 
means to raise himself to "chairs or seats of civil power." He had advanced 
the monev and had seen the enterprise fairly in motion, toward success, when 
he sold his interest, in April, 1846, to his partner's father, Dr. Eleazar R. 
Utter, who assumed the editorship. A few years later Charles Utter, another 
son, became owner, the father remaining as editor. The paper, politically. 
was for Free Soil. About 1854 Charles seems to have retired and his father 
and brother, having become administration Democrats, changed the name of 
the paper to Walworth County Reporter. The week after the election of 
1856 they sold their office equipment to Densmore & Hotchkiss and in the 
next spring removed to Trempealeau county. 

In some way under Mr. Rockwell's patronage or by his inducement 
Edwin A. Cooley came in 1SS4 and for two years, more or less, published 
the Walworth County Democrat, and then went away into the mysterious 
North or Northwest. Mr. Rockwell, the Drs. Henderson, Lot Mayo, and 
Judge Cowdery were of that "old guard" of their party which was as 
unchangeable as the laws of the universe. 

In June, 1853, Edgar J. and Alonzo L. Farnum, from a farm in 

leva, put forth the first number of the Elkhorn Independent, which soon 

passed into James Densmore's ownership. He was a ready writer, but not 

a printer, lie made the paper Republican, and kept its columns free from 

the personalities so much Frank Titer's editorial stock in trade. He took 

John Hotchkiss, the Reporter's Foreman, into partnership about 1855. In 

the spring "t" [857 Irl. in. 1 & Utter came with their little office equipment 

im Geneva and Hotchkiss, Leland & Utter having bought the Densmore 

interest, became owners and editors <>t" the Walworth County Independent. 

Utter n 1858 and in February, [861, S Fillmore Bennett came from 

nook in Lake county, [llinois, and added himself :i- partner and editor. 

end of the 1 nil war Mr. and Mrs. I. eland were owners and 

mtinued in be until July, 1 S74. John 1). Devor emu 


a dailv paper at Galesburg. Illinois, to ownership and editorship at Elkhorn. 
He was a clear, vigorous writer and a businesslike manager, neither courting 
nor finding great personal popularity ; but he gave the paper some weight 
among Wisconsin newspapers. In December, 1877, he sold the office to 
James Wiley Sankey, from Holden, Missouri. Mrs. Dora Jemima (Peck) 
Sankey undertook the triple labor of editing the paper, caring for her baby, 
and nursing her dying husband. In December, 1878, Mr. Sankey died and 
in January, 1879. Mortimer T. Park, from the normal school at Oshkosh, 
and his cousin, Curtis R. Treat, a young printer from Clinton, took posses- 
sion of a revised and improved Independent. In July, Mr. Park became its 
single owner. In January, 1882, he admitted to partnership his excellent 
foreman, Eugene Kenney, and in April of that year Major Shepard S. 
Rockwood bought and edited the paper for one year, when Park & Kenney 
resumed ownership. In 1899 Francis H. Eames was added to the firm. 
In 1902 Mr. Kenney retired; and in 1904 Mr. Park retired, making way for 
the present firm of Eames & Snyder. The press has aforetime been likened 
to a lever which moves the world. The Independent's press, pen, and shears 
have raised three editors and a foreman to places in public service : Mr. 
Leland to a seat in the Assembly in 1873 and to the consulate at Hamilton, 
Ontario; Mr. Cowdery to the county clerkship; Mr. Park to the assistant's 
desk in the office of the secretary of state (at Madison), 1882 to 1890, and 
to superintendency of the state's school at Sparta and Mr. Snyder to the 
postmastership at Elkhorn. While Mr. Park was at Madison a series of 
substitute editors performed his work at the home desk. Of these Mr. 
Dewing, mid-84 to the end of '88, was the fittest and most acceptable. Del. 
C. Huntoon, a semi-Bohemian from the Detroit press-gang, served until Mr. 
Park's return, in 1891. He was a pleasant fellow, fairly versed in Michigan 
politics, a client of Senator Palmer of that state, and an ex-inspector of 
consular agencies in Ontario, where he became a brother-in-law of Rev. 
Charles 11. Frazer, who was a clergyman, in turn, of three denominations: 
Baptist, Congregational, Episcopal. 

It may be noted that at some time after the Civil war Mr. Leland oc- 
casionally used a thin device for dividing the Delavan paper's patronage in 
the southwestern towns. This was to print part of his edition as the Darien 
News, differing from his paper at Elkhorn only in its heading and in a 
column of matter, local to that village, supplied by Orvellus 11. Gilbert. 
About 1X70 he tried this ingenious plan at Lake Geneva. He thus hastened 
the event that he tried to forestall, the establishment of a paper permanently 



at that city. His successors had better business judgment, and in 1892 Park 
& Kenney's better taste restored the name of Elkhorn Independent. 

Local chroniclers have incorrectly included among Elkhorn newspapers 
the Conservator, of which one pamphlet number was published in 1857, and 
the Live Man. which broke out irregularly between 1864 and 1868. Both 
of these were planned and edited by Otis Preston and reflected bis extrava- 
gant faith in the creative power of advertising. Both were printed at the 
office of the Independent and might have been regarded as special editions 
of that paper, the Conservator to advertise village lots at Elkhorn to all the 
nations of the earth, the Live Man to advertise Elkhorn dealers to all the 
buyers of the county. 

With the business panic of 1873 came Isaac B. Bickford from Ogle 
county, Illinois, to supply the political cave of Adullam with a county 
"organ." He brought a slender stock of type-metal, but no press. October 
18, 1873, and for twenty weeks thereafter, the IVahvorth County Liberal was 
printed on the Independent's press. Eight weeks later, when Bickford ap- 
pealed to the county committee for the sinews of war, that body decided 
to buy the little he could sell, and to install Beckwitb & Kennev in his stead. 
Editorially, the paper had been composed of, say, seven parts Bickford, 
seventeen parts Spooner, and seventy-six parts Preston. Hence, it seemed 
as if the Live Man hail been called back. Preston's peculiar oratory, 
reduced to paper and ink, lost the wizardry of his vehement delivery and 
neither convinced nor entranced but sometimes puzzled his readers. Gov- 
ernor Spooner gave the paper the little distinction it ever earned. His 
privately spoken criticism of the new editorship was caustic, kindly, and not 
unprofitable. In the following summer Henry H. Tubbs was added to the 
firm. But for two somewhat memorable events the later history of this 
paper is not in itself interesting. 

One of these was its exposure of some rather excessive severities of 
discipline at the State School for the Deaf. Phis was on information derived 
From three of the teachers The published statements, which made more 
fluttering within the school and at three newspaper offices of the county than 
elsewhere, were investigated, and a very judiciously prepared report of the 
state board of charity and reform soon restored public confidence in the 
school, though nobodj was specifically blamed. The principal resigned at 
the close of the school year; but, excepting Rev. Thomas Clithero, who pre- 
ferred the pulpit to the school room, all the teachers kept their places. The 
principal was a gentleman, with a dyspeptic's temper, eminent in his pro- 
fession, and he was quickly called to further usefulness in an Eastern 


The other event was the total destruction of the Liberal office building, 
uninsured, with all its contents, also uninsured, by a fire which broke out 
almost as suddenly as if by explosion, at nearly midnight of July 2, 1875. 
James R. Browne, of Racine, had owned the building and Messrs Perry G. 
Harrington, Albert Ogden, Stephen G. West, and Samuel A. White owned 
the hand-press on which the paper had been printed. The publishers ac- 
quitted themselves of carelessness and the property of spontaneous com- 
bustion. Kenney went to the Independent office as its foreman and in time 
became its part owner. Tubbs returned to compass, transit and level. The 
fire had left nothing but the name of the paper and the editor's memory of 
its subscription-list. Changing the name to Elkhorn Liberal and making the 
paper Democratic, the Beckwiths printed twenty-five numbers, the last one 
dated January 7. 1876. From its beginning this paper had derived half of 
it- support from Republican patrons, one more proof of the kindly, tolerant 
spirit of the people of Walworth. 

An incident in the Liberal's business was a contract, for six months, 
with Rev. George Willis Cooke, then of Sharon, to print his Liberal Worker 
bi-monthly. Its purpose was to promote a provisional union or alliance of 
several shades of unorthodox religion or philosophy. Some of the ablest 
preachers of two states contributed their freshest sermons, and the quality 
of its editorship may be inferred from the fact that the Houghton Mifflin 
Company afterward employed Mr. Cooke as editor and critical annotator of 
their new editions of Emerson's and Browning's works, and of other modern 

Several members of the Prohibitionist county organization found it 
expedient to encourage the establishment of a newspaper in its interest. A 
stock company was formed, a printing office equipped, and April 17, 1891, 
Charles E. Badger, a good job printer, put forth the first number of the 
Walworth County Blade. In the fall of 1896 Henry H. Tubbs, a practical 
printer and a stockholder, took upon himself the duties and difficulties of the 
office, and afterward acquired its ownership. In a few of his several absences 
from home (in railway work as a civil engineer) the office was leased 
temporarily, and on other such occasions Mrs. Helen M. A. Tubbs managed 
its business and editorship. Late in 1905 the Blade was discontinued and the 
office was sold to a short-lived management which changed its name to 
Tribune and made it a semi-stalwart Republican paper. Returning in 1906 
to the Tubbs ownership, its material was sold and sent out of the countv. 
Hi- war'- experience with the Liberal hail foreshown Mr. Tubbs 
clearly that the Blade could live only by his personal labor and continuous 


self-sacrifice; and his single-minded, whole-hearted belief in the justice of 
the cause thus espoused was the one source of his tenacity of purpose. It 
may well be doubted if another person in the county would have carried the 
paper half way through its sixteenth volume. Mr. and Mrs. Tubbs closed 
their business without debt or shadow of dishonor, and their almost heroic 
resoluteness, with their personal qualities, enabled them to keep old friend- 
ships and to gain the respect of men who were politically antagonistic. Mr. 
Tubbs once received the compliment of a congressional nomination by his 

Town and village affairs had been administered from 1846 to 1892 by a 
board of three supervisors, and from 1857 under a special charter. An 
election was held May 3, 1892. under a general law of 1887, for a village 
president and a board of six trustees. Harley C. Norris was president until 
he became mayor. The twenty-one citizens who served as trustees were 
Otto Arp 1894-5, George W. Bentley 1896, George B. Cain 1896, Augustus 
F. Desing 1893, Charles Dunlap 1893-7, Egbert Francis 1892-3, S. Clayton 
Goff 1892-6, John Hare 1897, Fred W. Isham 1894-5, John Keeffe 1893, 
LeGrand Latham 1892, John Morrissey, of Church street, 1892-3, Herman 
Nappe 1896, Thomas H. O'Brien 1892. William O'Brien 1897, John J. 
Slattery 1897, Thomas E. Slattery 1892. George B. Sprague 1894-6, DeWitt 
Stanford 1897, August Voss 1894-5, Philip S. Wiswell 1897. 

Hon. Joseph F Lyon discovered or remembered, in [897, that chapter 
326, laws of 1889, had made Elkhorn, as well as many villages, a city of 
tin' fourth class, whereupon an election for city officers was held May 3, 
1897, and three days later Governor Scofield's proclamation completed the 
efflorescence from the village bud to the perfect flower of the city. The 
first board of aldermen was: First ward, Augustus F. Desing, William 
O'Brien; second ward, Samuel I'.reese, Jr., Charles C. Gaylord ; third ward, 
F. Maxwell Porter, DeWitt Stanford. The new order began June 1, 1897. 

Chairman oi the village board during the period of count] commissioner 
government: William 11. Conger [862, '68-9; Horatio S. Winsor 1863, '66; 
Edwin I lodges 1864-5, () 7- 


Urban Duncan Meacham__. 1 Horatio Sales Winsor 1851 

rge Gale 1847-8 LeGrand Rockwell 1852-3 

Dr. Eleazer R. 1 ttei 1849 Otis Preston 1854-5. '59 

George Henrj Young 1850 Alvah I. Frost 1856 



Dr. Jesse Carr Mills 1857 

John Flavel Brett 1858 

Edwin Hodges 1860-1 

Christopher Wiswell T870-1, '80 

Wyman Spooner 1872 

Ely Bruce Dewing 1873-6 

Lucius Allen 1877. '81 

Osmer C. Chase 1878 

Dr. William Henry Hurlbut__ 1879 

William James Stratton 1882-4 

George Washington Wylie 1885 

John Matheson 1886^9 

Edward Harvey Sprague 1890 

Harley Cornelius Xorris [891-2 

George Matheson 1893 

Abraham Cranston Norton__ 1894-5 
John Harrison Harris 1896 


First Ward — John II. Hani-. [897-8; Edmund J. Hooper, [899-1907, 
1910: James Matheson. 1908-9, 1911 ; Arthur ( r. ( Iroesbeck 1912. 

Second Ward — Joseph F. Lyon. [897; George E. Pierce, [898, ojoo: 
Walter E. Lauderdale. 1899; S. Clayton Goff, [901-4; Henry De L Adkins, 
[905-8; L'harle- II. Nott, 1 909-1 1 ; Walter A. West, [912. 

Third Ward — Dr. George H. Young, 1897-8. 1904: Thomas E. Slattery, 
[899-1901, 1906; Edward H. Sprague. [902-3, 1905: Hiram X. Stubbs, 
10117-8: Charles Freligh, [909; Henry De L. Adkins, 1910-12. 

Mayors: Harley C. Xorris. 1897, 1902; John Dunphy (elected). [898; 
DeWitt Stanford. [898; Dr. George H. Young, [899, [906; Dr. William II. 
Hurlbut, [900; George Edmund Pierce. 1901; Jay Wright Page. [904; S. 
Clayton Goff, [908, [910; Herbert Eugene Hartwell, 1912. Mayor-elect 
Dunphy declined service and Mr. Stanford, as president of the council, acted 
for the year. The first five elections were for one-year terms. Tn 1902 and 
since the official term has been two years. Messrs. Dunphy, Page and 
Young are Democrats. A health officer, city clerk, street commissioner, weed 
commissioner, marshal, six school commissioners and nine library directors 
are appointed by the mayor with consent of the council. 


Lester Allen 1862-3, '66 

Lucius Allen 1874 

Alonzo Angel 185 1 

Delos Brett 1857 

George Bulkley 1864-5, '67 

Hiram Shubael Bunker 1869 

Nelson Catlin 187 1 

William I lenry Conger [860 1 

Augustus F. Desing 1890-1 

Ely Bruce Dewing 1X70 

\mov Eastman 1859 

Julius Lyman Edwards 1868 

Edward Elderkin 1858-9 

Dr. Chester F. EHsworth___ 1875-6 



Egbert Francis 1892 

William Oakley Garfield— 1849, 53, 


Sidney Clayton Goff 1891-2 

Daniel Parmelee Handy 1852 

John Hare-— -1879 

Robert Harkness 1867 

Rufus Dudley Harriman__i878, '84 

Horace Noble Hay 1846, '49 

John \V. Hayes 1881 

Robert Holley 1858 

Benjamin Blodgett Humphrey. 1863 

George Humphrey 1848 

Fred Willard [sham 1886-8 

David R. Johnson 1866 

Mollis Latham 1872, '-", '80, 

'82, '84. 
fames Henry Lauderdale — 1 871, '75 

Wilson David Lyon 1883 

Lot Mayo 1848/53 

Thomas W. Miller 1852 

John Morrissey 1! 5°5 

Harley Cornelius Norris 1886-9 

John Ashe Norris 1869 

1847, "50 

.1846, '55-6 

Albert Ogden 

Zenas < )gden 

John Adams Perry 1879 

Dwight Preston 1883 

Harley Flavel Smith 1854, '60-2 

Israel Smith 1870 

DeWitt Stanford 1877-8 

Squire Stanford- 1857, '68, '72-3, '82 

Cyrus Cortland Stowe 1850-1 

William James Stratton_i88o-i, 90 

Charles Wales 1885 

Walter Aaron West 1889 

Horatio Sales Winsor — 1854. '64-5 

Christopher Wiswell 1873-4. '76 

Dr. George Henry Young 1847 


Edward Elderkin [846 

Edward Winne 1847 

[ h Samuel Wirt Henderson [848 

Eli Kimball Frost 1849 

William Harrison Pettit 1850 

Alvah J. Frost 1851-3 

Myron Edwin Dewing 1854-5 

1 harli I laniel Handy [856 

I lcnr\ Bradle) [857 8, 60 2, '65 6, 

'69 72 

I liarles Lyon 1859 

irts C Ste> ens 1863 

I 1 . ! 1 1\ \dkins [86 1 

eph S. f. Eaton 1867 

John K. Burbank 1868 

Oj en [873, '76, '80 1 

Edward Marshall Latham. 1 874-5, 


1 liarles James Stratton 1884 

Sidney Clayton Goff 1885 

John Dunphy 1886-7 

( lharles Cor I raylord 1888-9 

Jay Forrest Lyon 1890-5 

Henry De Lafayette \dkins_ 1896-8 

Will Bartle Lyon 1899 

foseph Hayden Webster 1900 

George B. Sprague 1901 

Will E. 1 >unbai 1902 

William Opitz 1904 

Harlej C. Norris 1908 

Philip Sheridan Stewart 1912 




Edwin Hodges 1846 

Alexander S. Brown 1847 

Amplias Chamberlin 1848 

George Bachelder (app. ) 1848 

Henry Hobart Hartson_'49-5i, 53, 


Hollis Latham 1852 

Myron Edwin Dewing 1854-5 

David R. Johnson 1856 

John L. Holley 1857 

Zebina Houghton J 859 

Alexander Stevens 1 860-1 

Phineas C. Gilbert 1862-7 

Joseph S. J. Eaton 1868-9 

Waldo W. Hartwell 1870-1 

Dvar Lamotte Cowderv li 


John Cromlev T 874-J 

Charles Lyon 1878-9 

Harley C. Norris 1880-4 

Samuel Mitchell 1885-6 

Charles Frank Graff 1887 

Orland Carswell 1888-9 

Silas Rockwell Holden 1890-1 

Arthur Tripp Waterbury 1892 

LeGrand Latham 1893 

George Henry Farrar 1894 

George A. Burpee 1895-6 

W. Christopher Nuoffer 1897-8 

George B. Sprague. 1899- 1900, '02-3 

Francis Maxwell Porter 

1901. '04-07 

Philip Sheridan Stewart 1908- 11 

Will Slattery 19 12 


Levi E. Allen 1888-9 

Lucius Allen 1880-1 

William Bell 1866-7 

Henry Bradley 1861-74 

William Worth Byington 1880-1 

Arthur Clohisy 1897-1912 

Horatio Seymour Dunlap 1881 

Stephen R. Edgerton 1896-7 

James Ervin Fuller 1888-1912 

Robert Holley 18605 

John Peter Ingalls 1889-91 

Hollis Latham 1859-63, '77-8 

Levi Lee 1867-8 

Of the justices for this, as for other 
each year, between 1846 and 1859, none 

Joseph Foster Lyon 

'79-80, '82-3, '85-98, 1901-2 

Samuel Lytle 1905-8 

John Matheson 1884-5 

Lot Mayo 1859-60 

Samuel Mitchell 1893-6 

John Adams Perry 1870-84 

William Harrison Pettit 1860-4 

Harley Flavel Smith 1N71 </ 

George 1!. Sprague J 892-3 

Charles Wales 1884-7, '9 I_ 4 

Curtis I lusted W'insor 1870-1 

George Edw in Wood 1007-12 

George Washington Wylie__ 1895-6 

towns, two of whom were chosen in 
filed credentials at the circuit clerk's 


office. Hence, the officers-elect who qualified within that period are only 
determinable in part and that from a great mass of loose papers. 

In fifteen years, 1897 to 1911, inclusive, the citizens named have served 
as aldermen: First ward — Aug. F. Desing. Charles Dunlap. William E. 
Clough, George Kinne, Nathaniel Carswell. Herbert E. Hartwell, Timothy 
Calahan, Dr. James M. Marsh. Fdw'd Morrissey, Fred'k Winter. W. Chr. 
Yin il'fer : sccmid ward — Sam'1 Breese. Ch. C. Gaylonl. Abr. C. Norton. Geo. 
W. Wylie, Walter A. West. Geo. H. Farrar, Albert J. Reed. John Keeffe, 
Edw'd P. Ellsworth, J. Matt. Xiessen. Henry J. Noblet, John H. Lauderdale. 
Michael Slattery, Michael Fay; third ward — F. Max Porter, DeWitt Stan- 
ford, Herbert E. Hartwell. John Morrissey, Aha J. Rlanchard, Ch. Pieplow, 
Rudolph H. Hoffman, John 11. Snyder, Jr., Thos. Keeffe. Fred'k J. Smith. 
Win. Morrissey. 

Postmasters for Elkhorn have been LeGrand 1\ ckwell, 1838; Edwin 
rlo ges, [849: Lot Mayo, 1853; Henry Bradley, 1861 ; Wilson D. Lyon, 
1886: Henry Bradley, 1890; Albert C. Beckwith, 1894; Thomas William 
Morefield, [898; John 11. Snyder. Jr., tqii. In July. 1874. the office was 
placed in the third class, but important changes in postage rate- reduced it in 
July, [875, to the fourth class. It became a third class office in July. [882, 
and a second-class office in [907. In 1908 a ten-year contract of the depart- 
ment with Edward IT. Sprague removed it to its present place, at Walworth 
and Broad streets. This office is the center of seven free deliver) routes. 
which so operated as to discontinue the postoffkes at Cowers, Fayetteville. 
Jacobsville, Lauderdale, Millard and Tibbets, and to divide with Lake Geneva 
routes the business of Como and East Delavan. 


For man) years it was generally felt that the village would be nearly help- 
less in case of any considerable fire. \.bout [892 a rather loosely presented 
proposition 1-. provide one or more public wells was rejected at a special elec- 
tion In [894 the village board, acting on its own judgment, employed F. M. 
Gray, of Milwaukee, to drill at the fool of Broad street, near the railway 

n. This work was finished earl) in [895, an exhaustless supply of pure 
been found at 1.050 feet. Passing through the drill the drill 
mel Cincinnati shale ai 225 feet, Trenton limestone at 412 feet, Si Peter's 
sandstone at 665 feet, Magnesian limestone at 700 feet, Potsdam sandstone at 
950 feet, red sandstone at [,025 feet, and thence in that stratum 25 feel to the 
bottom of the boring. Watei rose to a point 147 feet below the surface. 


At a special election, June 4, [895, it was decided by two-thirds of the 
voters to issue honds to the amount of eighteen thousand dollars for construc- 
tion and equipment of a system of water works. N. F. Reichert, of Racine, 
began July gth the work of building power house and stand pipe, and of laving 
street mains. All this led to reorganization of old firemen's companies, and 
President Norris named Clarence N. Byington, George B. Cain, Aug. F. 
Desing. Will G. Fowlston, S. Clayton Goff. Herbert E. Hartwell, David 
Lowrv, Will P>. Lyon. Alonzo C. and Vernon H. McKinstry, Will E. Magill, 
John Morrissey, John and Will Morrissey, W. Chr. Nuoffer, Will O'Brien, 
Jr., Albert J. Reed. John Russell. Frank H. Stafford, with instruction to form 
a hose company. This body was increased later to fifty men. and then divided 
into two hose companies and a hook and ladder company. The chiefs of the 
fire department, since [897, have been Will B. I. von, F. Maxwell Porter, 
George O. Kellogg, Will Morrissey, Will E. Magill, Fred B. Magill, George 
E. Burpee, George II. Farrar, Michael Morrissey, and, at present. Will E. 
Magill again This department quickly became efficient for service, and also 
for competitive drilling at various points in the state. The Magills have won 
personal distinction on these latter occasions. 

In 1898 it was determined at another special election to light the streets 
with electric lamps, under city ownership of the system. Bonds were issued 
to the amount of ten thousand dollars. Both these and the water bonds were 
taken at home and at a small premium. In 1907 the council created an electric 
light and water commission of five members for management of these public 
utilities, the mayor and one alderman with three citizens not of the council. 
The first and only appointed members were John 11. Harris. Jay W. Page and 
Charles Pieplow. 

A public library was among the good things of which Judge Gale and 
other men of 184O had dreamed. A few wretched attempts were made, from 
time to time for a half century, to create such an institution. In lanuarv. 
[900, Edward II. Sprague, then about to improve bis lots at Walworth and 
Broad streets, called a meeting at his public hall in order to disclose his 
matured plan for a practically fire-proof building which should serve, among 
other uses, for an "opera house" and a library room. On petition of a large 
majority of citizens the city council passed an ordinance to establish such a 
library and contracted with Mi'. Sprague for the use of a specially prepared 
second floor in part of his building for a term of lifts years. 

Charles Edward Sprague (1871-1892), the namesake of this library, 
was eldest son of the owner of the building, lie was his father's confidential 
friend, and the two had day-dreamed together of plans for making such an 



institution at Elkhorn practicable. Mr. Sprague contributed about one hun- 
dred volumes, of his own selection and of permanent value. Besides these and 
seven hundred volumes from the government's printing office, the library was 
opened September 2, 1901, with, say two hundred and fifty books acceptable 
to general readers, and bought by public subscription. A few weeks later 
Presidenl Dewing, of the directory, in behalf of himself and Miss Melvina, 
his sister, gave six hundred and fifty volumes from the private collection of 
their brother. Myron E. Dewing. These are shelved together as the "Dewing 
Collection," and are still a most valuable part, as to their contents, of nearly 
four thousand volumes now in possession. Mrs. Elizabeth Dixon Dewing has 
since added about fifty volumes to the original collection. A few years ago 
the "public documents" were turned over to the County Historical Society. 

This library was instituted under statutory sanction. In 1900 Mayor 
Hurlbut appointed a board of directors: Mrs. Anna W. M. Flack, Mrs. 
Carrie E. Medbery, Alonzo C. McKinstry, for one year; Miss Jesse L. 
Sprague, Jay F. I. yon. Albert C. Beckwith. for two years; Ely B. Dewing. 
Jay W. Page, John II. Harris, for three years; Miss Sprague, Beckwith and 
Page are still members; Mrs. Elizabeth Stanton Forbes. Fred W. Isham, Dr. 
Edward FCinne have been members; and Miss M. Medora Hurlbut. Mrs. 
Catharine Monahan Porter, Orland Carswell, Will E. Dunbar, Grant D. Har- 
rington and Charles H. Nott are of the present board. The presidents have 
been Dewing, Page, I. yon and Harrington. The librarian was Mae Irene 
Ferris, and is Edna Lorene Derthick. 

A chapter of Daughters of the American Revolution was instituted in 
1010. with Margarel Medora Hurlbut as regent. She was succeeded in ign 
by Mrs Ruth Eliza (Wales) [sham. There are fourteen members, and many 
eligibles live within the chapter jurisdiction. 

In the infancy of the village a little burial ground was set off in Wiscon- 
sin street, near North street. This was soon abandoned and a new ccmc- 
terv was badly laid out at the eastern end of Court street. This, too. has been 
vacated and its area added to the fair ground, In 1 S74 a few really public- 
spirited citizens moved to far better purpose. The ground was bought, near 
the western end of Jefferson street, and was named Hazel Ridge. William 
M. R French, landscape architect, of Chicago, made the plan, which nature. 
time, and human ran have beautified. Its present area is about thirty-four 

The firsl board of trustees was composed of Orland Carswell. William 
II. 1 onger, David R. Johnson, William Thomas Jones. Jacob Ketchpaw, 

II. Lauderdale, Wilson D. Lyon, Squire Stanford and Stephen G. 
West. The several presidents of this board have been West. Ketchpaw. Lau- 


derdale, Conger, Lucius Allen and Carswell. Superintendents: Jones, Henry 
D. L. Adkins and Harley C. Xorris. Secretaries: Johnson, Dyar L. Cow- 
den - , S. Clayton Goff. Treasurers : Conger, Jones, Lyon and Adkins. 

The population of Elkhorn in 1850 was 42 ; at later census : i860, 1,081 ; 
1870. 1.205; : 88o. 1. 122; 1890, 1,447; 1900, 1,731; 1910, 1,707. 



At the first legislative naming of the towns of Walworth the southeastern 
quarter of the county took its name from the lake which Mr. Brink had re- 
christened in 1835, and from the village which began its growth the next 
year. I le disliked such uncouthness as "Big Foot," and his ear was untrained 
to the Algonquin euphony of Gee-zihig-waw-gid-dug-gah-bess ; but he found 
in the scene about him some reminder of Seneca lake, with Geneva at its foot. 
Since the lake before him was so much smaller than the village-bordered 
eastern water, one name might serve very well for the lake that always had 
been and the village about to be. He chose very well, since he might have 
chosen so much worse. He might have given his own name to the lake, and 
he had warrant of familiar examples for some such polysyllabic majesty as 
" Megapi idopolis." 

The towns of Bloomfield, Hudson and Linn were set off by one legisla- 
tive act, human 23, [844, each for its home rule, leaving the name Geneva 
to town 2 north, of range 17 east. Nearly three hundred acre- of sections 35, 
56 lie beneath the bay-like foot of Geneva lake, and nearly a thousand acre- 
are (or have been) covered by Duck lake (which Thomas McKaig new- 
named "(.Minn"). In [846 the newer town of Elkhorn took away section 6, 
\s a small offset to all this subtraction, the city of Lake 1 leneva includes about 
1, e acres of section 3] of Lyons, and is likely enough to take part of section 
1 of Linn at no very distant time. The outlet of the larger lake, called White 
river, quickh leaves Geneva to cross Lyons and join the Fox at Burlington. 
The outlet of Luck lake is a branch of White river, which it meets in section 20 
of Lyons, having left section 26 and crossed sections 23, J| of Geneva and 
section mi of Lyons. Luck lake is about three miles long and its average 
width is more than a half mile. It was much wider within the memorj ot 
man. but much of its marsh) border is now mown Jackson's creek in section 
;. near the Lafayette line, drams sections ro, 9, 8, 17. 7 and flows south of 
I horn to Delavan lake. fish are caught near its mouth, and cattle drink 
ng its threadlike course. The surface of the town, excepting the basin of 
Dick lake and the rather broad valley of its outlet, is generalh high prairie 
and opening, with some knobbineSS near the northeastern corner, the south- 


western sections, between the lakes, and about the city. The highest point in 
the county is near the northwestern corner of section 19, one thousand one 
hundred and forty-nine feet above sea level, which slopes easily to the lower 
levels adjacent. Several years ago the geodetic surveyors made this point a 
signal station. 

The northern and central sections — much the greater part of the town 
—are among the most fertile of the county and were settled early by compe- 
tent and prosperous farmers, stock raisers and dairymen. The somewhat 
rougher sections were once heavily wooded, but are now cleared and culti- 
vated. The county poor farm spreads over nearly two-thirds of section 4. In 
section 24 are a church, town hall, and store, for a few years a cheese factory 
(its business now transferred), a postoffice from 1896 until discontinued by 
the establishment of a rural delivery route from Lake Geneva. This incipient 
village is still named Como. John Chase's cheese factory, in section 10, in 
active operation for many years, has been absorbed by the Wisconsin Butter 
and Cheese Company. About 1837 Christopher Payne built a dam and saw 
mill at Duck lake outlet and sold it to George W. Trimble, his son-in-law, who 
sold it to Dr. Oliver S. Tiffany. With the coming of pine lumber the mill fell 
into disuse, decay and forgottenness. In 1858 a rloocl carried away the relics 
and the dam, lowering the lake and laying bare many acres of marsh meadow. 
The forlorn looking cuts and dumps of the old Wisconsin Central Railway 
Company are yet to be seen, yet a little more strongly marked than the Indian 
mounds. Their course was across sections 36, 25, 26, 23, 14. 1 r. 10, 9, 8, 5 
to the Elkhorn line. In 1-911-12 agents or operators were buying or in other 
way acquiring a few real or shadowy rights of way along this line for a 
proposed electric railway from Lake Geneva to Whitewater. New hope has 
been raised, and though nothing substantial is assured, old and new hope may 
soon end in fruition. 

The whole area of improved land in 1910 was 1 9,413 acres, valued at 
$1,584,500; average value per acre. $81.62. Acreages of principal crops, 
1910, were: Barley. 093; corn, 3,073; hay field, 2,947 '• " ;lts - -MS 1 '■ orchard. 
[38; potatoes, 104: rye. 54; timber, 2,425; wheat, 82, Returns of live stock 
were: 3,064 cattle. $79,100; 686 hogs $6,900; 759 horses, $62,000; 59] 
sheep. $2,000. Valuation of town. 3.596 per cent, of thai of whole county. 

Population of town (including village, in [850 and [860); [850, 1.557; 
[860, 2.272: 1X70. 1.030: [880,930; [890, [,073; [900, i.i'ii: [910, 1.142. 

Patents issued from the land office in the following named persons are 
recorded at the county seat: Alanson ('lark Well, section 2^,; Harrison 
Augier, 1. 12: William Werill. 17: John S. Bacon, 2: Lewis Baldwin, 29; 


[ohn Barr, Sr., 10, 15; Hiram Beals, 30; Anson Bell, 11; James Alexander 
Bell, 4; Joseph Bennett, 14; Daniel S. Benton, 3, 9, 10; Charles Boyle, 12, 13; 
Daniel Edwin Bradley. 7: Milo Edwin Bradley, 1; Deodat Brewster, 1; Ar- 
thur Bronson, 34; Charles P. Brown. 29; John Brown, 33; Amos and Hiram 
Cahoon, 1 1 : Amos Cary, 35; George and Simon Williams Clark, 35; George 
Coburn, [9; Louis Leander Cook, 4; Seth Cowles, 9, 15; Lewis Curtis, 28; 
Charles Dickerman, 18; Samuel Dunbar, 7: John Dunlap, 10, n; Baronet V. 
Eckerson, 30; Ephraim P. S. Enos, 20; John Evans, 32; Andrew Ferguson, 
26; John Powell black and Thomas Flack, 3 ; Richard Baker Flack, 9; George 
Gale, 3; Ludwig Giese, 32; Samuel Gott, 24: Elihu Gray. 9; Alvah Grow, 3; 
Daniel I'annelee Handy, 30; Noah Harriman, 14; Edmund Storrs Harvey, 
13, 18: John Haskins, 26; Alonzo Herrick, 9; Jacob Herrick, 21; William 
I). Ilolbrook, 31 ; Mason A. llollister. 32; Harvey Houghton, 30; John Hut- 
ton. 19; Seth W. Kelley, 10; Jacob Kenel. 2.1; George Lamberson, 4; James 
Lewis, 13: Thomas McKaig, 25; Gurdon Saltonstall Murdock. 18; Joseph 
Musgrave, 21; Cyril Leach Oatman; Zenas Ogden. 1, 21; Jasper William 
Peat, 7; Anthony Peck, 10: Jason Peck. 9; John R. Peck. 2; William Pent- 
land, 7; Eveline H. Porter, 1 ; Langdon Cheves Porter, u ; Newton Rand, 27: 
Alanson C. Reed, 23; Leland M. Rhodes, 15; Brittain Ross. 15; Morris Ross, 
1 |. 15; William Pangburn Ross, 22; William Rounds. 19; Nehemiah Rouse, 
10; Adam Martin Russell, 17; Robert Emmett Russell. 24: Daniel Ryan. 34: 
John Carpenter Schuyler, 25; Hiram Spencer, 19; Oliver P. Standish, 10: 
Edward Stevens, 13: Sanford Wait. 12; Greenleaf Ste\ens Warren, 3: Rob- 
ert Wells Warren, 4. ^,2, 35; Joseph Webb. 8; George Weller. 35; Barton 
Brenton Wilkinson, 13: Israel, Sr.. and Royal Joy Williams, 31: Silas 
Wright. 23. 

William Averill married Eliza Monahan, March 2, 1N44. 

fohn Barr 1 [792 [860), son of Allen, came From Scotland with wife 
Barbara Black, lie died in Linn, to which town he had removed. 

Hiram Beals 1 [809 [880) was son of Daniel Beals (bom 1767) and 
Hannah Wheat 1 horn 1770), and grandson of Richard Beals; came in 1843 
from Cummington, Massachusetts, to section 30, Geneva, with wife Rebecca 
1 iris; (1812 [883), daughter of William and Rebecca \xtel. who were 

Charles Boyle (died [869) married, second. Marjory Brown, October 
24. [841. 

Deodal Brewster I C789 t88i l, a native of Connecticut ; wife named Lois 
1872); had several descendants in North Geneva. 

\nio-, Cahoon 1 [789 [860) ; married Mary Williams 1 [796 [874 


George Coburn (1810-1897) married Charity (1S07-1897), daughter of 
John and Margaret Reichard, both of Livingston county, New York. He 
lived for long across the town-line road in section 24, Delavau, and died at 

Samuel Dunbar (1806-1872) came from Belfast in 1833 to New York; 
to Geneva 1839; married, first, Elizabeth Thompson 1 [809-1852); second, 
Mrs. Mary (McDougall) Streeter. His family seems to have become per- 
manent in the countv. 

John Dunlap (1796-1879) was son of Robert, a soldier of the Revolu- 
tion, and Mary Letts. He married, first, Cynthia Kinne, who was mother of 
his children; second, Hannah, daughter of Samuel Armstrong and Mary 

Ephraim P. S. Enos died March 20, i860, leaving wife Polly, daughter 
of Melzer Dinsmore. 

Daniel P. Handy's will was dated March 4, 1868, and proved June 25, 
same year. He married successively Maria and Lydia Wheat Beals. daugh- 
ters of Hiram Beals and Hannah Wheat. Lydia W. died in 1868. 

Noah Harriman (1805- 1903) married Lucinda Davis in 1826, — both of 
Vermont. He lived for several years in Lafayette and died at Elkhorn. He 
was a farmer and a licensed exhorter of the Methodist church. 

Edmund S. Harvey (1819-1899) was son of Thankful, daughter of 
Bethuel Robinson, of Willington, Connecticut. He came to Geneva in 1840 
and permitted himself to forget his father's, step- father's and half-sister's 
names. His first wife, Nancy A. Fowle, married July 11, 1841, was his chil- 
dren's mother. 

John Haskins 1 '1811-1887) married Olivia X. (Vose), widow of John 
Seymour. John Vose Seymour, of Lake Geneva, was her son. John and 
James Haskins bought and improved the water power in section 25, and be- 
came residents of the village. 

Moses S. Herrick died in 1872. [lis wife was Julia Ann. daughter of 
Jacob Herrick and Roxana Bradley. 

Mason A. Hollister (born 1S1S1. son of John, son of Elisha (as told), 
married Matilda (born 1834). daughter of John Dalton. 

William Pentland died in 1845. He left sons who were long known as 
farmers of the northern part of the town. 

Langdon C. Porter married Eunice Wright, March 13. 1844. 

William I'. Ross (1812-1887), son of Morris, married Polly Maria. 
daughter of Jacob Herrick. Their son. Washington (burn [845), was a 
soldier of the Civil war. 


Nehemiah Rouse (1803-1874), son of Anthony, married Maria, daugh- 
ter of Henry Plate. She died in 1875. One of their eight children was Han- 
nah, wife of Ethan B. Farnum. 

Hiram Spencer (1799-1878), son of Noah, came in 1845. His wife, 
Lois (1804-1883), was daughter of Nathaniel Moseley and Charlotte Dewey. 
This family had several local connections by marriage. 

Edward Stevens (1813-1893) had wife Adeline (1808-1885). A son, 
.Martin E. (born 1840), was a soldier of the Twenty-second Infantry. A 
daughter, Emma, was born in 1843. 

Many of the early settlers of Geneva, like those of other towns, had large 
familias, and a minute division of land was avoided by westward emigration. 
Thus it not seldom happens that they are represented, if at all, at the old 
homes by the children of daughters. In the sub-pioneer period, too, there 
appeared many whose names, once heard daily, are already becoming but mem- 
ories. Among these disappearing- names are Baggs. Bagnell, Case, Chase, 
Clap]), (iates, Goodspeed, Hand, Howe, Jackson, Lytle, Phelps, Potter. Vin- 
cent and Wales. Some of the old families, however, are yet to be found in the 
villages and the adjacent towns. 

In summer automobile tourists from Chicago and the farthest east find 
one of their principal routes through Bloomfield into Geneva and thence by 
Elkhorn, Sugar Creek, Lagrange and Whitewater to the sub-polar regions. — ■ 
literally tearing up the miles and flinging them behind in long-hovering clouds 
of dust.- tn men of the Civil war a reminder of the march of armies. In their 
wildest battle-inspired dreams neither Big Foot nor Christopher Payne ever 
saw an endless procession of invincible "shovers" taking each his imperial 
right of way across counties ami states. Bui the prophet .Valium may have 
foreseen the age of gasoline ami rubber-tired chariots. 

At the lir^t two elections the original town of Geneva, as yet undivided, 
was twche miles square. In 1N44 the four towns chose each its own local 
■ ifficers, its chain nan being als, > a member of the count) board of supen isors. 
The return to commissioner government [862-1870 — relieved the chairmen 
i>f period from dut) as board members. 


[ohn M. Capron _ - 1 S4 _> lharles Moorhouse Goodsell 1849 

rhomas Hovi [843 David Williams [851-2 

[ohn V Farnum 1844-7. '53 [oseph Gates 1854 

Simeon William Spafard [848, '50 Charles W. Smith [855 6, 58 


Alonzo Potter ^57 

Dr. Alexander S. Palmer__i859-'6i 

Osborn Hand „ 1862 

Samuel Henry Stafford 1863, 'yy 

Shepard O. Raymond 1864 

Cyril Leach Oatman 1865-6, '70 

Charles Dunlap 1867-9, '72-6 

James Simmons 1871 

Charles Palmitier 1878 

William H. Hammersley 1879-85 

Henry S. Bull 1886-7 

Washington Ross 1888-9 

Daniel D. Fairchild 1890-1, '95 

Henry J. Xoblet 1892 

William Edmund Dunbar 1893-4 

William Dwight Wales 1896-99 

William Penn Dunlap 1900-4 

William Thomas Taylor 1905 

Robert J. Lean 1906 

C. Monroe Gates 1907-1 1 

Charles Wurth 1912 


Harvey E. Allen 1863' 

Charles Minton Baker 1870 

Joel Barber 1868 

Frank I'. Brewster 1894 

Ira Brown 1852 

William Worth Byington.1867. '72-4 

Amos Cahoon i845-'8, '54 

Alvah Chandler 1845-8 

Arriestus D. Colton 1862 

Martins Dyar Cowdery 1873-'' 

Ebenezer Dayton 1843 

A. Pierre Deignan 1895 

Christopher F. Deignan 

1888-90, '98-1912 

James J. Dewey 1866 

William Edmund Dunbar 1886-7 

Charles Dunlap 1863-6, '71. '~~~8. 


> niel D. Fairchild 1881-85 

Ethan I'.. Farnum 1857. '60 

T'llm Allen Farnum 1845 

Gideon E. S. Fellows 1861 

Andrew I erguson .__i85r>7 

LI n Gray (-'lack 1889 

Richard llaker Lack 185] 


Ethan Lamphere Gilbert 1882-5 

James Gray 1852 

Joseph Griffin 1855 

William II Hammersley 1875-8 

Jared I land 1859-60 

Jesse Hand 1842 

James Haskins 1844. '50 

John Haskins 1851, '53 

Apollos Hastings 1858 

Alexander Henry 190V' 1 

Jacob Herrick 1844, '49 

Jason A. Herrick 1880 

Levi Jackson 1854, '69-71 

Robert J. Lean [896-1900 

Thomas McDonald 1891 -<i| 

William K. May 1842 

Laac Moorhouse 1892 

ILnn J. Noblet 1893, '95 

Cyril 1.. Oatman 1864 

Edward Pentland 1879-80 

Ellery Channing Petrie [907-12 

Cyrus King Phelps r888 

Alonzo Potter . 1856 

Ed \\ a n 1 Qti igley 1&65 

William II. Reynolds ioor-4 


Harrison Rich J 859 

Michael Rouse 1881. '87 

William Rouse 1890-1 

Sylvester Curtis Sanford 1853 

Albert !•'.. Smith 1867-8 

Harvey S. Stafford 1872 

Samuel Henry Stafford 1861. '79 

Oliver P. Standish 1862 

Edward Stevens ^49 

Charles Wales t^SS- '58-9 

Festas A. Williams 1888. '96-7 

James <i. Williams 1850 

rows CLERKS. 

Lyman Redington 1842 

Lewis Curtis 1843 

James Simmons ^44 

Erasmus Darwin Richardson 

.1845-6, '50 

Simeon Williams Spafard 1847-8 

Thomas McKaig 1849 

Dr. Clarkson Miller 1851-2 

I'.tni. Blodgett Humphrey.. 1853-4 
Simeon Gardner 185^ 

Jonathan T. Abel! 1856-66 

John A. Smith 1867-8 

Charles Edwin Buell 1869-71 

William II. Hammersley 1872-3 

John Bell Simmons 1874-85 

A. Pierre Deignan 1886-7 

Lewis Ceorge Foster 18SS 

William Dwight Wales 1889-qT 

Frank Abbott 18Q2-8. 1900-12 

\lbert Dinsmore t S< j< 1 


Charles Minton Laker [842-3 

Foster V. Howe 1844-6 

Lewis Curtis i S47 

Andrew Ferguson 184.x 

John Marsh 1849-50 

Joseph Gates 1851 

Simeon Williams Spafard 1852-3 

Linus Emerick 1854 

Linn Andrus 1^55. '~,j 

Thomas Baker Cra\ ._i856, '74^85 

William I. Valentine [858-60 

George M. Barber 1861-63 

Ralph T. Moody 1864 

William H. Lee 1865-6. '69 

Schuyler S. Hanna 1867 

William Alexander 1868 

Sylvester Curtis Sanford. 1X70-1 

John Burton '872-3 

Arthur G Palmer [886-7 

Albert Dinsmore 1888-94 

William II. Howe '895-9 

Samuel James Dunbar 1 900-6 

John McLean 1907-12 


han T Vbell [86 1 ~ 

Thomas Vshe 1904 5 

Charles Minton Laker 1871 

Warren Beckwith r859-6o, "75-80 


Francis A. Buckbee 1877-86 

Henry S. Bull 1874-7, '80-1 

James F. Campbell-- 1888-91. 1904-5 

Nelson B. Campbell 1908-11 

Martins Dyar Cowdery 1872-4 

Frank J. Dalrymple 

1 896- 1 903, 'oA- 12 

\. Pierre Deignan 1886 

Alliert Dinsmore 1900-1 

Charles Dunlap 1866-7, 7 1 

Daniel D. Fairchild 1889-90 

Bezaleel W. Farnum 1861 

Floyd E. dray 1891 -5 

Thomas Baker Gray 1861-4 

Tared Hand 1864-5 

Joseph Spencer Hand 1886 

George D. Johnson__'95-i902, '05-8 

Thomas F. Johnson 1885-6 

Matthew E. Lee 1887-8 

Bernard McGuire 1894, '97-1900 

Cyril Leach Oatman-_ 1859-60. '63-6 
Washington Ross ___ 1878-9. '82-88 

Michael Rouse 1865-8 

Stephen Bemis Van Buskirk_i 870-1 

James N. Webster 1892-7 

Collins M. Williams 1900-2 

Mr Abell's service as justice began in 1851 and continued nearly without 
interval until his death. February 8, 1867. 



Solomon Juneau, in May, 1836, had told Charles A. Noyes, just arrived 
from Chicago, of golden possibilities lying between the lake and Rock river, 
and especially of the mill section at Geneva lake. He said that Hodgson and 
Brink had left two of their men to make such improvements as were needful 
to secure their claim to the whole section, and that as soon as their surveying 
contract should be finished they were going there to improve the water power 
and to build a town. The prospects looked fair to Mr. Noyes and with his 
cousin, Orrin Hatch Coe, he again left Chicago, reaching the disputed claim 
about May 21st, after much wandering in five counties. He found there 
three log houses, all occupied. One of these, just within the town of Linn, 
was Thomas Hovey's; one, southeast of the outlet, was occupied by Hodgson 
and Brink's men : and one, across the outlet, by Christopher Payne. 

Ostrander and Henry explained that they had been to Milwaukee for 
provisions ami had overstayed by three weeks for a "little spree with the buys." 
Returning, they had found that Payne and Mosher had been a fortnight in 
possession, within which time they had built their cabin, and that they were 
indisposed to heed an informal notice to quit. Payne some time afterward 
admitted that he had seen Brink's claim marks, but thought them somebody's 
tomfoolery. Noyes and Coe bought a quarter interest in the whole claim 
for five hundred dollars, of Ostrander and Henry, who acted as agents and 
in their own behalf as co-claimants. Hodgson ratified the sale, though he 
could ii"i for some weeks return in treat or fight with Payne. Noyes having 
advised compromise, t<> which Payne was not averse, he staked out a race 
as a first step in mill building. In the following night, without consulting 
Noyes, Messrs. Ostrander and Henry tore out Payne's framework for a dam 
across the outlet. The next day Coe went eastward for money and Noyes 
soon set out for a millwright at Milwaukee. They had previously cut and 
hauled logs fur two houses, and Noyes enjoined his men not to overstep the 
ii-i 1I1 nid south quarter line temporarily dividing the rival claimants. At 
his 1. om Milwaukee he found his caution had been disregarded and 

one house was finished. 


Payne, too, had been away and had brought from Belvidere James Van 
Slyke and wife. He moved this family by night into the new house, as the 
Noyes party learned next morning from the smoking chimney. A half- 
dozen men rushed into the cabin before Payne could take his gun, marched 
him to his own house which they demolished, performed a ring dance around 
him. and banished him with threats to drown him if he should come back. 
He and Van Slyke went away, leaving Mrs. Van Slyke to their enemies, 
who made her as comfortable as they could. Two or three days later the 
first white native of Walworth county was born. Noyes learned all this on 
his return with the millwright. He says: "Ostrander and Henry were wild 
with glee in relating to me the heroic exploit of driving off the old man 
Payne. I deprecated it, and told them an arbitration of the settlers ought 
to be the first resort (there being no legal authority), and further, I told 
them they need not flatter themselves they were rid of Payne. If physical 
force was to decide the contest he would acquire it if possible, and that ere 
long. I dampened their glee and incurred their displeasure by denouncing 
their conduct." 

A week later Payne came with two wagon-loads of warriors and drove 
toward the new house. Noyes, with a hickory cane and a half-dozen com- 
rades, placed themselves on guard at the door. As an equal number of the 
enemy came up Xoyes spoke and said : "Gentlemen, you come with as much 
noise and gusto as though you had some important project in view." 

"Yes."' says Schoonover, one of Payne's champion fighters, "we've come 
to drive out a d — d lot of land pirates, and reinstate Uncle Payne as the only 
rightful proprietor to this mill section. We have brought tools necessary to 
put up a mill and settle the country around the lake, and if force is required 
we are ready." 

To this Noyes answered that he did not believe they would begin fight- 
ing without first knowing all the facts. These he set forth from his point 
of view, reminded them that there were other claimants al>out the bay whose 
rights must be protected according to settler's rules, and said that if they 
should choose to remain on Payne's disputed quarter-section he would not 
interfere until Hodgson should arrive. But they must not meddle with the 
rest of the section nor with individual claims. 

Schoonover asked who Noyes called himself, to show so much authority; 
said tint soft words would not win; that he believed the} were land pirates and 
had no just claims there: that the next day hi- party would begin to build 
a mill and settle the country; that they would paj no attention whatever to 
the rights pretended. Payne, with other- who had been in the rear, came 
forward, and tin- Noyes manuscripl runs a little way thus: 


"Schoonover says, 'Uncle Payne, what will you put in the house?" 

"1 told him that Van Slvke. if he thought himself worthy, could enter; 
hut none other of their party. 

" 'Just as I expected,' says Schoonover, 'we have got to fight and we 
may as well begin. Just form a circle, call in any two of your men at a time, 
and if I get tired before I whip you all, friend Gilbert will spell me." 

"This started Sam Brittain's Saxon ( for he was English). He steps 
forward and says: T> — n you! threaten of whipping us all? Will you try 
me first?' 

"1 jumped between with my shillelah and said: 'Hold on boys! Better 
sleep one night over it before shedding blood, for that won't end it." Payne 
called Schoonover back, had a short chat with him, and began to unload and 
arrange for night quarters on the greensward. Van Slvke walked demurely 
into the cabin, and we left, to ponder on the morrow."' 

The next day the Payne party, having looked about, traced claim lines, 
and consulted, went after dinner to cut logs on the quarter west of the Payne 
claim, and began to haul them to the site of his house. By night they had 
them piled nine logs high and ready for the plates. Xoyes then told them 
that they had been cutting logs on Eggleston's claim, that he had gone to 
.Milwaukee for provisions, and that they could see evidence of his ownership. 
Schoonover and Gilbert, scarred bullies from the Kishwaukee. "told me to 
go to h — -, to protect ourselves if we could, for they intended next day to put 
up five or si\ house bodies on the other side of the outlet; and it' we would 
help them they would treat, tor they had a bit of rum." 

Noyes walked awa\ quietly and Payne's men thought themselves mas- 
ter- inn. \ I'ter their supper they entertained themselves by 
whooping, yelling, drumming on empty barrels, firing small anus, and they 
kept up these senseless noises all night. In the morning Mr. Winchester, who 
had come with his wife ami child from Milwaukee, asked Noyes if he had 
-l.pi "Not much, but l'\e dreamed some good." "Let us have it." "Well, 
when they come over to put on their plates let us go down and cut up their 
bailding." Said Winchester, "That's my hand. Mayn't I be captain?" As a 
mi I 'a\ ne's men crossed the outlet Captain Winchester marched toward 
them at the head of ten men with shouldered axc- 

"When within -ix Feel of Payne, Winchester made a bound, -lapped one 

hand on his righl shoulder, and gave two or three -hakes, and it wa- no 

maiden's grip, I as-ure you, for said Winchester, although his weight did 

ceed one hundred tifn pounds, had more strength of muscle, especially 

■'id arm. than anyone I ever knew. Payne turned hi- head to speak. 


Winchester, with the other fist drawn, says: 'No* a word, or I go through 
you like a streak of lightning. You yelled enough last night.' At that, 
Pavne attempted to put his right hand in his pocket, which Winchester pre- 
vented. Thus far none of Payne's party had moved from the plate. Win- 
chester now says, 'Boys, demolish that building." Tom Spriggs and self, 
who stood next to Winchester, sprang up with the rest; hut no sooner up 
than Schoonover and Gilbert circled around toward us. We jumped down 
and met them with drawn axes. Says Schoonover: "What! use axes to 
fight?" I told him I despised the idea of striking such scoundrels with my 
fist, and that axes were quite as humane as pistols and muskets with which 
they had tried to frighten us." 

Payne here called Schoonover aside for further conference while Win- 
chester's axemen chopped down the house. Schoonover came back smiling, 
admitted that the boys were pretty good soldiers, but he now believed more 
than ever that Payne was in the right. He said he had advanced five hun- 
dred dollars on a contract to pay nine hundred dollars for one-ninth interest 
in the claim, and Gilbert and others had contracted similarly. He further 
said: "I'll tell you what we are going to do. We find you are too many 
for us, and we, or most of us, are going to mount our horses and put out 
for help. I can raise forty men on the North Kishuaukee and Payne at least 
thirty on the South, and in a week we shall be back with seventy men, armed 
as the law directs, and then you can fight as you please." 

To this answered Noyes: "Go! you can't scare up five more such 
scoundrels as yourself in all Illinois; and as for advancing five hundred dol- 
lars, 1 don't believe you are worth five hundred cents." 

Whereat Schoonover: "You are too many for a rough and tumble, but 
if I can have a fair fight, with no interfering, I'll pledge myself to whip 
your crowd." 

Brittain stepped forward, saying. "A fair fight is my hand. Now pitch 

Schoonover pitched in, but was quickly pitched out with a pair of black- 
ened eyes and a bloody nose. Brittain stumbled and Schoonover fell upon 
him "with a thumb for each eye;" but. baffled here, he tried to bite off Brit- 
tain's nose. Sprigg here interfered and asked if this was fair fighting. 
Schoonover ran for an axe and Sprigg met him with another one. Here 
this Homeric battle ended with a few more "winged words." Payne long 
afterward told Noyes that his men had at first intended to take their firearms 
with them, but changed that notion. He had forgotten to pocket his own 
derringer. lie said he was glad tlu-rc were no such weapons at hand. r\~r 


there would have been corpses at Geneva that day. The Kishwaukeeans re- 
tired with threats to come again, and Noyes resumed work on his race and 
mill- framing. 

Three weeks after the battle a new party came 'from Chicago by way 
of Marengo. While the late contention was in progress Mosher and Van 
Slyke had slipped away and. representing themselves as sole claimants at 
Lake Geneva, had tried to induce Lewis B. Goodsell, George L. Campbell 
and Andrew Ferguson to buy their rights, which they offered at a low rating. 
Goodsell had known Van Slyke at Cooperstown, and did not fully trust him; 
but he risked and lost four hundred dollars. Mosher then went out into 
the vastness of Illinois, and Walworth knew him no more. Payne heard of 
this sale and, as he was unable to renew war. he went to Chicago and thus 
Goodsell learned some useful truth. Hodgson, too, was sent for, and came 
from Waukesha. He first offered to sell to Noyes and Coe a half-interest 
in the mill section, if Ostrander and Henry would sell their shares; but these 
men saw some larger advantage in holding them. Hodgson then offered to 
give his quarter-interest if his past expenses were paid. But Noyes had now 
some larger plans. The Goodsell party had found R. Wells Warren at St. 
Charles and had taken him into their partnership, and to these men Hodgson 
sold his own and Brink's rights — without the latter's knowledge or approval. 
Payment of two thousand dollars left the Goodsell-Warren party in posses- 
sion and the settlement of Lake Geneva went peaceably forward unto this 

Mr. Xoyes could write of himself and his affairs from his own knowl- 
edge, but may have been somewhat at fault as to the negotiations between 
Hodgson and the newcomers. There arc other accounts of this business and 
its attendant incidents, and it is probable that Mr. Simmons has written with 
substantial correctness. The history of a land title, however, is of less pres- 
ent interest than that of the rise of a city. 

Mr. Warren was a practical and competent business man, and his co- 
partners were nol merely speculators. The race was finished and a sawmill 
began work in March, [837. In [838 Charles M. Goodsell was given a lease 
of water power for four years, without charge, and he built a grist mill, 
which began t" grind in October. Mr. Warren bought this mill and worked 
it until [848, when lie built a larger one. There was another water power, 
with a fall of twelve feet, in section -'5. within the present city limits, first 
imed, it is said, by P. O. Sprague, but was soon in possession of Sidney 
who sold in 1S42 to James and John ! laskins. These men built a saw- 
mill the nest year. In 1875 the Crawford Reaper Company for a few vears 


found larger use for this power, and then it became again the property of 
John Haskins. 

In 1837 the seven owners of section 36, namely, R. Wells Warren, 
Greenleaf S. Warren. Dr. Philip Maxwell, Col. James Maxwell, Lewis B. 
Goodsell, Andrew Ferguson and George L. Campbell, employed Thomas Mc- 
Kaig to survey and plat the village of Geneva. This work was finished and 
recorded in May, 1840. Two blocks were reserved for parks, one for a 
cemetery, and also ground for churches and school. The base line of this 
survey was that part of the highway from Kenosha to Beloit lying within the 
village limits, and was named Main street. Other early villagers named were 
Charles M. Baker, Henry Carter, William Casporus, W. Densmore Chapin, 
George Clark, Arnestus D. Colton, Dudley Wesley Cook, Experience Esta- 
brook, Benjamin E. Gill, Joseph Griffin. Thomas \\". Hill, Thomas Hovey, 
Thomas McKaig. Dr. James McNish, Russell H. Mallory, Charles A. Xoyes, 
Cyril L. Oatman, Amos Pond, Samuel Ross, Ransom A. Sheldon, Simeon 
W. Spafard, Horace Starkey, Dr. Oliver S. Tiffany, Cornelius P., Philander 
K. and William II. Van Yelzer, Asahel ]'. and Jonathan Ward, Thomas D. 
Warren. Lucian Wright. Several of these men owned land in other towns 
and some of them lived in these towns. 


R. Wells Warren's first log house was earth-floored and was heated by 
a fireplace at one end, which, for several months, had no chimney but a hole 
in the roof. Being also a hotel, it was furnished with a long bench and four 
bedsteads. The latter were each of oak rails naturally supported at one end 
by thrusting between the logs of the cabin wall, and artificially at the other 
end by a single stake with cross-head. The bedding was of wild grass. In 
1837 Mr. Warren built a real hotel, at Main and Centre streets, near the old 
house, and January 8, 1838, entertained one hundred ninety guests, mostly 
dancers, from near and far, from whom he collected about seven hundred 
dollars — for in that golden age there were no bad accounts. \biel Manning 
and Albert A. Thompson occupied this house, the Geneva Hotel, in 1843. 
Apollos W. Hastings bought it in 1844 and in 1848 rented it to Harrison 
Rich. Harvey E. Allen bought and occupied the h"use in 1851, and sold it 
to Sabra Delaware in 1856. In 1859 Asa W. Fair bought it at a bankrupt 
sale and sold it to Lansing D. Hale and others. In [858 Nelson Pitkin came 
from Kenosha, took the house 1 probably as tenant 1. and named it Commer- 
cial Hotel. He was a little, bewigged, old-fashioned Connecticut innkeeper 



who may have been in his flay, then long past, a militia officer, and must have 
been a relative of several distinguished namesakes. He had seen better days, 
and he showed what landlord manners were in 1820. But to sit at his table 
was to know something of Barmecide feasts; for the times were very hard, 
he was poor and a stranger, and the other hotel had most of the public favor. 
Philo B. Baird was landlord in i860, but it is not learned whether this was 
for one year or for five years. In 1806 John Christian was tenant. In 1869 
the house became a boarding house for the Geneva Seminary for a term of 
two years. In 1872 B. K. Cowles leased the house and named it St. Denis. 
The latest proprietor, as here remembered, was George W. Ransford, from 
about [875. In [895 the house was pulled down and its site is yet bare. 

Greenleaf S. Warren built the Lake House at Main and Broad streets, 
in 1837, and was its landlord. His brother, Thomas D. Warren, and his 
brother-in-law, Arnestus D. Colton, each about 1845, succeeded, and in 1846 
Mr. (niton rented it for two years to Harrison Rich, but returned as land- 
lord and remained until about 1862. when he sold it to Peter Van Slyck. 
Samuel H. Stafford bought and occupied it in 18(4 with John S. Griffin, his 
brother-in-law, as partner in business. The house had been extended from 
time to time, and Mr. Stafford made further improvements. Other landlords 
were Edwin Woodman. W. G. Barrett, George W. Ransford, Orlando Leon- 
ard Blakesley and his brother William, and Aaron L. Yanderpool. About 
1892 the house was further altered and improved and was new-named Staf- 
ford House. At some time since it l>ecame the Hotel Florence. Its old oak 
franu- has been time-tested, but its end may be near, for there is much talk of 
building in the present century's style. 

David T. Whiting built a wholly new hotel by the lakeside, at the foot 
of Broad street, in 1873, and named it for himself. It was planned to 
nurt the wants of summer visitors to the already famous lake. It was four 

1 high, built of v\ 1 in the somewhat omatr style of that period. It 

had competent managers, and it- business for several years justified the cost 
of its building and furnishing forty thousand dollars or more, it is said. 
It was burned to the ground in July. [894, and the lots on which it stood 
ed to new ownership. 

The Union House, opened in 1870 by Benjamin Fish, in Broad street, 
near the railway, and kept by John Kohn in 1NS1. is mentioned 1>\ Mr. Cutler, 
but not by Mr. Simmons \ store was moved From Main street and joined 
to this house, which in [892 became the Garrison House, and about 1804 'fie 

1 Denison. Outwardl) it is a homely gambrel-roofed house, but its 
management within makes all needful amend-. This house, like the Hotel 
- likeh to be rebuilt in n< >t mam years more 

wai.worth county, Wisconsin 33 1 


Charles M. Goodsell built a grist mill in 1838 and worked it for nearly 
four Years, on liberal terms given by the proprietors of the village as to use 
of the water power, and custom came to him from afar — even from the Lake 
Michigan shore and Rock river valley. But he steadfastly refused to grind for 
distillers' use About 1842 R. Wells Warren bought the mill and worked it till 
1848. when he built a new and improved one. In 1854-5 lie sold this property to 
the brothers, Joseph W.. Henry and Rees Case, after whom came James Will- 
iams. Mr. Cogswell and Shepard O. Raymond successively as part owners. 
In 1859 Harvey E. Allen built the "Red Mill." which in 1866 was sold to 
the Geneva Manufacturing Company, and for two years became a woolen 
mill. It was later refitted for grinding oatmeal. There is still a busy feed 
mill near one of these old sites, built substantially of brick. In' or tor Judson 
G. Sherman. 

Mr. Simmons, in his "Annals," mentioned other manufacturing enter- 
prises — among them the Crawford reaper works in 1875. Most of these 
began with reasonable hope of success and some of them flourished for a few 
years, bringing to the village increase of population and general trade, and 
some of that good remains. But the conditions which now for long have 
brought the smaller factories throughout the country quite generally to 
naught have been felt here. If water power is of yet further use to man as, 
no doubt, it is. that at Lake Geneva will not forever flow uselessly, or but 
for minor uses, on its tortuous way to the gulf. 

Among the earlier business and professional men and mechanics were: 

William Alexander ( [801-1885), the first ami for long the only cooper, 
came in 1839. He died at the village. 

The .Alien brothers, Harvey E., Seymour and William II., wagon- 
makers and blacksmiths, came in 1845. Harvey E. died in 1804. Their 
relationship to other Aliens is not learned. 

Joel Barber, sun of Solon and Hannah, born 1828 in St. Lawrence 
county. Xew York, married Julia L. and Carrie M. Marsh, cousins; came in 
[848; carpenter, stavemaker, millwright and millowner; twice president of 
the village. 

John Beamsley I (803-1897), shoemaker and dealer, came in [843. He 
married Mary Jane, daughter of Philander K. Van Velzer, July \. 185N. 

John Brink (1810-1904), surveyor and earliest claimant of the water- 
power section, died at Crystal Lake, Illinois. 

John M.. Newton, Seth M. and William II. Capron's names are found 


in earliest real estate records. One or more of them were of the firm of 
Capron, Wheeler & Whipple, coming as general dealers in 1839, and soon 
afterward building a distillery, which was but one year in operation. 

William Casporus, a carpenter, came in 1S37 and was killed the next 
year by falling with a broken scaffold while building his house at Main and 
Mad i -on streets. 

Henry B. Conant ( (825-1903) came in 1846 as a building contractor, 
and partner with Cyrus W. Maynard. his brother-indaw, who came a year 
earlier. In judgment and skill they were among the foremost in the county. 

Dudley W. Cook, wagonmaker, came from Cooperstown about 1837, in 
which year his son, the first white boy, was born and died in the village. He 
went to California in 1849 and died there. 

Jotham W. Curtis, blacksmith, burned Mr. Payne's house at Duck Lake, 
about 1839, destroying a just then valuable set of carpenter's tools, axes, etc. 
Mr. Payne and his men caught him, forced him into confession and banished 

Lewis Curtis ( 1813-1904) was bom in Chenango county; came in 1840 
and bought John Dunlap's store. In the same year he married Mary Eliza- 
beth (1822-1868), daughter of Hiram Humphrey and Mary (Blodgett) 
Foster, lie was the earliest drug dealer at the village, and continued in 
general trade for many years, ten of which he was postmaster. 

James J. Dewej 1 [8] 1-1898), a native of St. Lawrence county, opened 
a bat store in 1845, and soon became Mr. Ferguson's partner. He was post- 
master in the Taylor-Fillmore administrations. His first wife was Eliza 
Ann Bates (1815-1838), of Cooperstown; his second wife was Selina A. 
Merriam I 1 827-1870). 

Anthom I)obb-. -hoemaker, came in 1S44. About ten year- later he 
was \ illage president. 

John Dunlap (died [879) was son of Robert (born 17571. a soldier of 
the Revolution, and grandson of John ( 1718-1813), a native of county 
Tyrone. Ireland, and immigrant. The younger John was a half brother of 
Asenath, wife of Thomas McKaig. In [839 lie began in business at the vil- 
lage, but sold to Lewis Curtis. 

Cornwell Esmond came about [837 and built his blacksmith shop at 
Broad and Geneva streets, now the site of the Episcopal church. 

Benjamin E. Gill ( r8i 1 1888), mason and plasterer, came in 1837. He 
was an early village president, lie went to California in 1850, and lived to 

Jo-cph Griffin came from Cooperstown in 1842, and was the first judge 


of probate. As he had Charles M. Baker always within call he served very 
creditably, and made a comfortable living from office fees, and from the 
produce of his farm in section 30 of Lyons. 

Lansing Duane Hale (181 8- 1883). son of Samuel Hale and Sarah AbelL 
came from Owego in 1843 an d was in retail trade for twenty-two years. 
His first wife was Rebecca Ellis (1823-1846); second wife, Jane Elizabeth 
1 1S301902 ), daughter of Sweet Allen and Jemima Spicer. His brother, Otis 
K. Hale 1 1825- 1902), began in trade in 1853. His wife was Ann L., daughter 
of John Beeden and Serena Garrison. 

Thomas J. Hanna (1809-1900) came in 1845 as a cabinetmaker, and 
prospered at his business. Mrs. Hanna was a pioneer in the millinery trade. 

John Haskins (1811-1887) with his brother James came in 1842, and 
built a sawmill at the lower water power. In 185 5- 1863 they were in the 
hardware trade. Thereafter they were active in all the greater local enter- 
prises. John's wife was Olivia (Vose), widow of John Seymour. She was 
born 1829, died 1876. 

Dr. Stephen Ingham ( 1778- 1875) was born at Richmond, Massachu- 
setts, and in 1803 married Huldah Ambler (born 1787). He came to Geneva 
in 1 84 1. He owned a farm in section 12, Linn. 

Dr. Alexander Law sun 1 1S15-1871) was born in Perthshire, Scotland; 
was graduated at the University of Glasgow; came to Philadelphia in 1837; 
to Geneva in 1849, where he practiced as a botanic physician. 

Daniel Locke (1820-1897), son of James and Lydia, was born in 
Cheshire county, New Hampshire ; married, first, Clarissa Wright, of Otsego 
county; came to Geneva as a gunsmith in 1X43: married Elizabeth Booth, 
at Springfield, in 1867. 

Russell II. Mallary (or Mallory?), born in 1803 at Middletown, Ver- 
mont, came from Beardstown. Illinois, in 1838; became sheriff in 1841 ; went 
into business at East Troy with Mr. Oatman in 1843; returned to Geneva and 
died in March, 1852. In 1838 Mallary & Oatman brought from Illinois the 
first drove of hogs, of a breed, the continuance of which the agricultural 
society has never encouraged by offer of premium. These brutes, shifting 
for themselves under the oak trees, never became even streakily fat, and 
when wanted were hunted and shot like other wild game. Calista E. (1809- 
1878), daughter of Eli Oatman and Mary Symonds, was Mr. Mallory's wife. 

Philip D. Marshall came from Milwaukee in 1843 and brought with him 
the "Ariel," the first of the Geneva lake fleet. It had masts, spars and sails, 
but its surest motive power was a pole. It carried twenty or more passengers, 
and, having previously crossed Lake Michigan, the trip to Fontana and 



Williams Hay did not overtask it. Captain Marshal built and rented a store. 
but for himself preferred a shanty, where he sold apples and cider. He was 
also a shaver of shingles. 

Dr. Ansel D. Merritt came in 1844, but moved about 1852 to Wood- 
stock. He died in 1878. 

Gurdon Montague MS19-1890), born at Wetherslield. Connecticut, 
came from Trenton, New York, by way of .Milwaukee, in 1845. ^e was 
known throughout the county as a competent millwright. His wife was 
M. Maria Post ( [823-1866). 

Bradford T. Paine 1 1819-1903), shoemaker, came in 1843. Of his 
workmen George S. Nethercut and Bruce Frederick are ranembered. His 
wife was Ellen C. I.oveland I 1S19-1903). 

Logan McCoy Ross, blacksmith, in 1843 made his shop in Payne's cabin. 
across the race (southeastward). 

Richard D. Short in T848 began the first regular business as proprietor 
of a livery stable. 

Timothy C. Smith and X. S. Donaldson came in 1844 as dealers in dry 
good- and groceries. 

Simeon W. Spafard ( [812-1880), son of Abraham Spafard (Nathan 5, 
Thomas 4. Thomas 3, Samuel _». John 1) and Sarah Williams, came about 
[838 and in [842 opened a tinshop and stove store- He married Charlotte L. 
Sharpe in 1845, and bis sisters. Elizabeth W. and Alma O.. were wives of 
Erasmus I). Richardson. Mr. Simmons also mentions him as a brother-in- 
law of William I\. May. In 1854 he was assemblyman, lie died at Omaha. 

Samuel II. Stafford 1 [811-1889), a native of Saratoga, son of Henry 
and Poll) 1 Cay), came from Kenosha in [848 and with Mr. Dewev engaged 
in general trade. In 1N64 be wen! into other business. 

Horace Starkcx. carpenter and millwright, came in [839. He bought 
a farm in Walworth in 1807 and died there about leu years later. 

Philander K. Van Velzer 1 [611-1862)3 -on of William Henry, an earlv 
settler of I yons, came in 1837 to the village and for some time made bricks 
on hi- lot near the railway anil between Dodge and Wisconsin streets. His 
wife was Prudence (1.81.2-18,70), daughter of llendrick Matteson. His 
brother, < oraelrus P. 1 [813-1903), also came early. He died at Delavan. 

\-aliel P. Ward, carpenter, wa- an earl) -comer. He built the Imu-c 
>i 1 ow lied bj Richard I ). Short. 

\ndrew Jack-on Weatherwax 1 [817-189S) wa- born in ( Mvans county, 
\'ew York : came to Darien in 1N45; to Geneva in 1S40 as the first resident 
tailor. In 1S01 he and his son, Monroe J. W'eatherw a\. enlisted 111 the 

tli Infantry-Cavalry. His wife was Irene Preston (1820-1900). 


Lucian Wright came in 1836; owned land north of Duck Lake, where 
he built a kiln and made lime of the best quality. He moved away a few 
years later. 

Other men, who had some larger part in building this community, or 
of whom more is known, have been or will be mentioned elsewhere. 

Charles M. Goodsell came in [838 to build and operate a grist mill, but not 
for that only. He at once began to revive the temporarily suspended religious 
interest of the little community, organizing a Sunday school and. co-operating 
with other good men and women, preparing the way for formation of reli- 
gious societies. 


Rev. Phipps W. Lake, an early settler of Walworth, organized the Bap- 
tist society in 1840 at the home of Charles M. Baker, a Presbyterian, but 
not too much narrowed by his creed. Between 1844 and 1847 a church 
was built at a cost of fifteen hundred dollars, and was rebuilt in 1868 at fur- 
ther cost of seventeen hundred dollars. Though for some years fairly pros- 
perous, the society was relatively poorer than at Delavan, Elkhorn and East 
Troy. At a business meeting April 5, 1907. it was suggested that it was 
better to build a new church than to repair the old one, and the pastor was 
asked to call another meeting. Ten days later it was determined, without 
dissent, to build, and a committee was directed to canvass for subscriptions. 
In two weeks two thousand three hundred dollars had been pledged; but this, 
with a legacy of nearly one thousand dollars from Mrs. H. H. Hawks, was 
not enough. Appeal to the state convention at last brought five thousand 
dollars from the Judson A. Roundy Inquest. The society was encouraged 
to new effort and in 1910 a fine new church was built in modern style at a cost 
of fifteen thousand dollars, and dedicated January 13, 191 1. In its corner- 
stone were deposited, among other things, a carefully prepared historical ac- 
count of the society and a list of its pastors. Both of these papers were the 
work of Mrs. Amelia (Beardsley) Arnold who, as a child, had known Mr. 
Lake well and in her later life most or all of his successors. 

Phipps Waldo Lake came in 1840. and for a short time in 1N45; I'eter 
Conrad, 1844; Joel W. Fish, December. 1N45. and in 1885; Caleb Blood, 
1852; P. H. Parks. 1855; Xoah Barrel!. 1857, and in 1863: Samuel Jones, 
1858: Thomas Bright, 1859; Elijah M. Nye, [865; Rodney Gilbert, 1867; 
Enoch P. Dye, 1869; John D. Pulis, 1872; James Buchanan, 1874; J. E. 
Roberts, 1876; James Edminster, 1 S 7 7 ; Joshua I-'., \mbrose, 18K0; Levi D. 
Temple, 1882; William Mekee, [884; Charles li. Lade. [886; John H. Hig- 
by, 1888; Robert Gray, 1893; James I'. Whyte, [896; Peter Clark Wright, 


1897 and 1901 ; !ohn A. Monk, 1900; Emory L. Cole, 1902; James A. Lar- 
son, 1904; Rov H. Barrett, 1905; George Gladstone Laughlin, 1908. Elder 
Barrell, born in 1794, died in 1875 ; his wife was Ann E. Pierce (1804-1865). 
Both were buried at Lake Geneva. Elder Lake ( 1789-1866) and wife, Re- 
becca Beardsley (1792-1884), were buried at Walworth. 

As early as 1842 Rev. Thomas Morrissey came from Milwaukee period- 
ically to minister to Catholic families about Lake Geneva. Vicar-general 
Kundig organized the parish of St. Francis de Sales in 1847, and its members 
have since built two or three churches. The last is a well-built and well-fur- 
nished building, near the east end of Main street, a well-chosen site. It was 
built within the period of Father Reilly's pastorate, at a cost of eighteen 
thousand dollars. Its fine organ was the gift of Patrick J. Healy, of Chicago. 
A suitable rectory, a convenient hall for social and other entertainments and 
a cemetery are included in the now valuable church property. 

The first resident priest was Patrick McKernan, 1847, after' whom were 
P. L Pander, [849; Franz Fusseder, [850; P. J. Mallon, 1854: H. P. Ken- 
ney, George H. Brennan, 1856; James Stehle. 1857 and 1862; Henry J. 
Roche, 1861: Edward O'Connor, 1863; F. O'Farrell, [867 (died); A. L. 
David. [867; James F. Kinsella, [867; Benedict J. Smeddinck, 1868; Eugene 
M. McGinnity, 1872: John J. Kinsella, 1873; Nicholas M. Zirnmer, 1874; 
Michael Wenker, about 1883; Eugene Reilly, 1884: Bernard Joseph Burke, 
1908. Parish records and other sources of information show some disagree- 
ments and uncertainties as to initials, order of succession and dates; but the 
foregoing list is nearly full and correct. Rev. Martin Kundig, whose early 
labors in this as in many another county are memorable, was born in the 
Swiss canton of Schwytz, November 19, 1805; came to Cincinnati in [828, 
where he was ordained; in [833 to Detroit, whence he came, in 1842, to Mil- 
waukee, and in [844 became, under Rt. Rev. John Martin llenni. vicar-gen- 
eral of the diocese. He died March 6, 1879. 

\ society of Presbyterians and Congregationalists was formed in 1839 
and built its church, the first Presbyterian, of oak lumber in 1841 al a cost 
of five hundred dollars. A new church, on the same lot, was begun in [851 
and finished in two years, at a cost of two thousand five hundred dollars. 
Beginning with thirteen members, the society's increase was mostly Congre- 
gationalism and in [883 Formallj changed its name to First Congregational 
church. The societ) laid the cornerstone of its third church July 24. 1897, 
dedii tted tlic finished building January 10. [898. This church property 
valued at twenty-five thousand dollars. Pastors: Lemuel Hall, 1839; 
I eonard Rogei [841; G R. French, [843; Homer H. Benson. 1844: Ed- 


ward Goddard Miner, 1855 and 1867; Charles Morgan, 1857; William S. 
Mather, i860; Peter S. Van Nest, 1861 ; Richard Brockway Bull, 1875; 
George Cady, 1893; William Jay Cady, 1893; Cyrus A. Osborne, 1897; John 
W. Wilson, 1902 to 1912. Mr. Bull was born in 1820, died 1888; Mr. Hall, 
1795-1868; Mr. Van Nest, 1813-1893. 

Rt. Rev. Jackson Kemper came as early as 1844 to administer com- 
munion to a few persons, and from time to time sent mission workers to this 
field. In 1850 the Episcopal parish of the Holy Communion was organized, 
and in 1857 the society bought the disused Presbyterian church and occupied 
it until it could build a chapel on its own ground at Geneva and Broad 
streets. In 1880 the cornerstone of a permanent building was laid and in 
1883 the new church was consecrated. Its material is glacier-borne boulders 
of various granites, hewn to architectural fitness, and its cost, with organ and 
other furnishings, was more than twenty thousand dollars. Its resident rec- 
tors have been John McNamara, 1850 and 1856; William S. Ludlum, 1852; 
Gerrit E. Peters, 1853; William H. Studley, 1854; John H. Gasman, 1859; 
William Dafter, 1861 ; George N. James, 1864; John Henry Babcock, 1866; 
William C. Armstrong, 1867; Robert B. Wolseley, 1874; Richard Thomas 
Kerfoot, 1876; William Wirt Raymond, 1887; Isaac Newton Marks, 1892; 
Herbert Chessall Boissier, 1907. 

Rev. Carl F. Goldammer organized an Evangelical Lutheran society in 
1879 and dedicated its church May 4, 1884. His successors have been: 
August'F. Graebner, [885; Ileinrich Gieschen, 1887; Ernst F. Schubert, 
Bernhardt Albert Oehlert. 1899; Herman A. Fleischer. 1904. A new church 
was built in 1891-2 and the old one then became a parish schoolhouse. These 
buildings, with a parsonage, and lots, in Walworth street near Crawford street, 
are valued at six thousand dollars. The society now includes about sevent) 

Mr. Schubert with twelve families separated from this society in 1899 
and built a new church and parsonage at Park Row and Warren street. This 
church has basement story fitted for its use as a parish schoolhouse. The 
property is valued at five thousand dollars. Mr. Schubert's further stay was 
short, and he was followed in the same year by E. A. Kurtz, in 1902, by 
Peter Christian Boysen, in [906 by Ernst Junghans In [909 Mr. I'.nvsen 
returned and also ministers to the church at Genoa function. 

A class of six or seven persons met in 1837 to form a Methodist Epis- 
copal society. A church with parsonage was built in 1855-6 on lots at Madi- 
son and Wisconsin streets, facing the park, at a cost of two thousand dollars. 


These lots had been set apart for this purpose by the proprietors of the vil- 
lage. In the meantime service was held in a primitive school house. The 
society began to build again in 1877, at Cook and Geneva streets, also facing 
the park. It was finished and dedicated in 1884, and with parsonage its cost 
was about thirteen thousand dollars. The names of pastors, as nearly as can 
now be shown, were Samuel Pillsbury, 1838; Jesse Halstead, 1839; James 
McKean, 1839; David Worthington, 1841 ; -J ewett ar| d Decker, in 1842; 
Jonathan M. Snow, 1843; John Crummer, 1845: Joseph C. Parks, 1846; 
Joseph M. Walker, 1847; Robert Blackburn, 1848: R. Dudgeon, 1850; Au- 
rora Callender, 1851 ; O. F. Comfort, 1852; Aaron Griswold, 1853; Joseph 
Anderson, 1855; Hiram H. Hersey. [857; David Hall, 1858: L. Salisbury, 
1859; David W. Couch, 1861 : William Averill, 1862; Stephen Smith, 1863; 
Rossiter C. Parsons, 1865; Norvall J. Aplin. 1867; Henry Colman. [869 
and 1885: Samuel E. Willing, 1873; John D. Cole, 1874; John L. Hewitt, 
1875; Albert A. Hoskins. 1876; Thomas Clithero, 1878; Charles E. Gold- 
thorp. 1880; Matthew Evans. 1882; Thomas W. North. 1888; John Jay Gar- 
vin, 1893; William W. Stevens, 1898; Rodman W. Bosworth, 1899; Thomas 
DeWitt Peake, 1900; Sherman P. Young and Webster Millar. 1902; Charles 
Marcus Starkweather, 1904; Frank Cuthbert Richardson, 1909. 


Mrs. Rebecca A. Vail taught a private school in 1837 at a room over 
Mr. Ferguson's store. About the next year a public school house was built, 
and Mary S. Brewster for the summer term and Dr. John Stacy for the 
winter term were first teachers. In 1849 a larger house was ready, and its 
two department teachers were Horatio B. Coe and Charles B. Smith. A 
wing was added in 1854. A new house was built in 1867 at a cost of eighteen 
thousand dollars, including its furnishings. This was in Wisconsin street, 
looking southward upon the park, as designed at the village platting. It was 
burned December 25, 1903, and in the next year rebuilt of pressed red brick 
and in plain good taste. Mr. Simmons did not note the beginning of the 
high school, but it may have been about 1865, practically, if not formally. 
In 1895 it was placed temporarily in the seminary building, which the city 
had bought. After the lire of 11)03 a separate building was placed beside that 
for the grades, of like materials and in like plainly imposing style of archi- 
tecture. Sixteen teachers are employed in these schools, the head of which 
is called city superintendent. The jurisdiction of this officer, independent of 
the count) superintendency, includes two other schools. 


As a school district Lake Geneva reaches into the westward sections be- 
tween the lakes. That part beyond the corporate limits has for long been 
known as the "woods district," though there is now nothing sylvan in the 
surroundings or in school management. A brick house was built in 1886, 
replacing an old one, on the road to Delavan, in the edge of section 33. Its 
present teacher, A. Pierre Deignan, was as a child an early resident of the 
city or its vicinity, and has been well tried in this and other public service. 
A new house was built in the third ward in 1888, and is under the city 

In 1858 O. Sherman Cook opened a select school. Early in 1859 Se- 
linda J. Gardner was at its head. She was a daughter of Elijah R. Gardner 
and Rebecca Powers, and in 1885, as widow of Dr. H. Hitchcock, of Chicago, 
she was married to Rev. Franklin W. Fisk. In autumn Anna Wealthy Moody 
came and continued this school until March, 1863. Her quality and success 
as a teacher suggested another enterprise, and in 1864 a stock company built 
the Lake Geneva Seminary, east of the outlet, at a cost of seven thousand 
dollars. This property was sold in 1869 to Mrs. Julia A. Warner, under 
whose management the school, which was chartered in 1871, continued for 
several years. For boarding non-resident pupils the old Geneva Hotel was 
rented for two years, and in 1873 a boarding house, of brick, was built near 
the school. The exact year, later than 1885, in which the seminary was 
closed is not shown ; but the property was used occasionally thereafter for 
select schools. In 1895 it was sold to the city. After its use as a high school 
it was condemned as unsafe or unsanitary, and all these buildings were pulled 
away. Of the ample ground an attractive lakeside park has been made. 

Among Mrs. Warner's assistants are remembered Miss Mary, daughter 
of George Allen, of Linn, and Miss Kate Headley, daughter of Rev. Alvah 
Lilly, of Whitewater. One of Mr. Cook's enterprises was a normal music 
school, in 1879, which for a few years called pupils from other towns and 

The principals of the public school, as far as learned, were : Elias ( ?) 
Dewey, 1855; Dr. Andrew J. Rodman, 1856; O. Sherman Cook, 1858; Rich- 
ard D. Carmichael, 1859; II. \Y. Allen, 1861 ; Horatio B. Coe, [862; 
Orville T. Bright, 1863; Osmore R. Smith, 1864; Warren D. Parker, 1867; 
W. H. Wynn, 1869; John E. Burton, 1870; J. R. (or D.) Cole, 1873; An- 
drew J. Wood, 1874; Walter Allen, 1877; Edward O. Fiske, 1881 ; E. S. 
Ray, 1883; Joseph H. Gould, 1884-91; A. F. Bartlett, 1892; John Foster, 
1899; Harry W. Snow, 1902; Edmund Decatur Denison, 1007; 
Jay Mitchell Beck, 191 1. With city government principals became superin- 


tendents. Mr. Carmichael enlisted early in 1861 in Company F, Fourth In- 
fantry, and died at DeSoto Point, Louisiana, opposite Vicksburg, July 8, 


In July, 1848, David M. Keeler published the first number of the Wis- 
consin Standard, and discontinued it one year later. 

Edgar J. Farnum began the Geneva Express in 1854, or earlier; for in 
June of that year he with his brother, Alonzo L., began the Independent, at 
Elkhorn. Lemuel Franklin Leland (better known as Frank Leland) and 
George S. Utter continued the lis press until the spring of 1857, when they, too 
passed over to Elkhorn with their little printing equipment. In 1858 Henry 
L.Devereaux came to publish the Genevan for eighteen months. In i860 
George S. Utter came back and for a year published the Geneva Lake Mirror, 
having John T. Wentworth as its editor. About 1871 Mr. Leland divided 
his weekly edition, heading it, for his subscribers at and near the lake, Geneva 
Independent. To give better color to this device be engaged John E. Burton 
as editor of a column or so local to Geneva, which displaced a like space 
of Elkhorn gossip. This, of course, was to prevent or delay the appearance 
of another real Geneva newspaper; and, of course, it hastened that which 
he tried thus to prevent. In April. [872, Air. Utter came back once more 
to publish the Lake Geneva Herald. Mr. Burton, then principal of the public 
school, Rev. John D. Pulis, of the Baptist church, Rev. Edward G. Miner, of 
the Congregational church, were named as editors — but Mr. Burton's asso- 
ciates were much like the "side judges'' of the county courts of common pleas 
in New York from 1 S_>^ to 1X47. These courts supplied mam men .11 
home and in the west with an honorable title, hut the opinions of their Honors 
had little influence on the first judges, each of whom was in effect his whole 
court. Mr. Burton planned and moved and only he, in that panic period, 
could have made the Herald at once and permanently successful at Lake 
Geneva. It was as large as any paper in the county, all home-printed and 
will printed, and on each page in every week the village, with its current 
affairs and its near and distant prospects, were "writ large." The office was 
liberally equipped for all the business that was likely to be brought to a vil- 
lage printer. Mr. Burton learned his new calling quickly, and in April, 1873, 

ne sole owner and editor. Three years later he sold forty-nine one- 
hundredths of the establishment to Albert 1). Waterbury, and in 1877 James 
Edmund Heg and Mr. Waterbury became equal and only owners. Mr. Heg, 
a son of Col. Hans C. Heg, who was killed at Chickamauga, was then recent- 


ly graduated from Beloit College, and he turned easily to editorship. Mr. 
Waterbury retired in 1878 and John E. Nethercut became in 1888 Mr. Heg's 
partner, and since 1895 has been the Herald's owner, editor, and printer. This 
paper was always Republican and since 1904 has been "stalwart." 

Charles H. Burdick and George E. Earley began in 1879 a daily paper, 
having its presswork done at Elgin. Within a few weeks Mr. Burdick, as 
remaining owner, sold whatever there was to buy to Joseph S. Badger, who 
equipped the Lake Geneva Mews as a weekly paper. His brother, Charles E. 
Badger, seems to have been associated with him until 1883. These young 
men, who were good printers, were sons of Prof. Joseph A. Badger, for some 
time principal of Walworth Academy. About 1883 Asa K. Owen replaced 
the younger Badger, and in 1885 was left to his own pleasant editorial de- 
vices. N. W. Smails in 1895, Walter A. McAfferty in 1899, and the Lake 
Geneva Publishing Company since 1905 were the later owners. -One of the 
later editors was Frederick Kull, of an old county family. At present Frank 
M. Higgins is manager and editor. This paper has always been Republican — 
formerly in an independent way and latterly in the way of the progressive 
element of the party. 


A Young Men's Committee, formed in November, 1881, became in 
June, 1883, a Young Men's Christian Association, which was incorporated in 
1888. In October, 1890, Mrs. George Sturges gave to this body, for two 
years, the use of her cottage and ground at the oblique meeting of Main and 
Lake streets. In 1893 an< ^ : ^94 the association acquired lots and buildings in 
Main street, and afterward established itself in a brick building of its own at 
Main and Cook streets, the upper story of which is a large auditorium. 


Mr. Simmons noted that a public reading room was opened in Walker's 
block, Main street, December 31, 1877. Its books were supplied chiefly from 
private libraries. In 1889 this first public library was transferred to the care 
of the Young Men's Christian Association. These five hundred volumes were 
materially increased by liberal gifts of summer residents. In the summer of 
1894 Mrs. Mary Delafield Sturges gave her house and ground, previously 
tenanted by the association, to the city for its use as a library and park. This 
was conditional, but it was only required that the city should buy the rest of 


the little block and should vacate so much of Lake street as lay between the 
block and the water's edge. This gift was most willingly accepted and the 
conditions were fulfilled at once. The inner arrangement of the house was 
so changed as to make it convenient for its purpose, until it may be found 
practicable to replace it with a fire-proof building of suitable design. The 
public library was opened in the same year with 2,300 volumes in hand, and 
it now has nearly 5,000 volumes. The circulation of books in the first year 
was about 20,000 volumes, and has not since varied widely. Miss Gertrude 
T. Noyes, now and for some years past librarian, is a granddaughter of the 
young Ulysses of the Brink-Payne war. Both she and her assistant. Miss 
Eugenia C. Gillette, are daughters of soldiers of the Civil war. 


Erasmus D. Richardson began his private banking business in 1848, and 
until his death, in 1892, his bank was regarded as one of the soundest in the 
state. It had weathered the storm-and-stress periods of 1857 and 1873, and 
his ability and character were not doubted; but, at settlement of his affairs 
the concern was found partially insolvent. The First National Bank of Lake 
Geneva opened, with capital of fifty thousand dollars, under the presidency 
of Frank Leland with John A. Kennedy as cashier. It is now in business 
with Levi A. Nichols as president and Josiah Barfield as cashier. The Farm- 
ers National Bank was organized in 1900 with Dwight S. Allen as president 
and E. D. Richardson (who is not a relative of the pioneer banker) as cashier. 
Its present officers are Albert S. Robinson, president; F. E. Wormood, cash- 
ier. Its capital is fifty thousand dollars. These banks are quartered in new 
and in every way suitable buildings, and so furnished as to suggest at once 
security, convenience and business-like elegance. 


James E. Heg, Dr. James C. Reynolds and W. H. Wheeler proposed in 
January, 1890, to build ami operate a city system of waterworks and electric 
lights. The council gave them a franchise for fifteen years, agreeing to pay 
yearly two thousand five hundred dollars for the use of water and seventy- 
five dollars yearly for each treel light. Needful buildings, engine, well of 

thousand two hundred feet depth, and tower were at once provided and 
before the end of the year live miles of pipe had been laid, and later exten- 
sions have mel the growing demand. In [894 the company procured a lease 


of the water power. In March, 1896, Herbert E. Haskins supplied the stores 
and homes with incandescent lights. A new company was formed in 1897, 
taking the place of the old one. It is styled the Equitable Electric Light 
Company. Its buildings with machinery are on the site of the Warren grist 
mill. At present the officers are Charles S. French, president ; James G. 
Allen, secretary and treasurer; John S. Allen, manager. These, with Mary 
C. Allen, are directors. 


The area, depth and clearness of the Genevan water invited navigators 
and fishers. Bass, catfish, ciscoes, perch, pickerel, suckers and other kinds 
native to the lake, abounded. Since 1874 millions of young fry — bass, salmon, 
trout and other game fish — have been added from the state's hatcheries. This 
culture has also engaged the attention and interest of public-spirited Chicago 
owners of lakeside estate. In 1858 E. F. Brewster brought from Fox river 
the steamer ''Atlanta." of twenty tons. It was sixty-five feet long, twelve 
feet abeam, and could carry one hundred and fifty persons. Edward 
Ouigley launched the "Lady of the Lake,'' a larger boat, in 1873. A yet 
larger steamer, the "Lucius Newberry," home-built, was launched in 1875 and 
was burned in 1891 as the "City of Lake Geneva." In 1883 three steamers 
were sold and two new ones launched. There were then nineteen steamers 
afloat. In 1890 six new ones were added, three of which were home-built. 
In 19 10 the assessed value of the lake fleet was nearly forty thousand dollars, 
and its true value was placed at seventy-five thousand dollars. 


The old burying ground was placed well westward from the village plat, 
but in time was overtaken and enclosed by the growth of the city. It lies 
between Maxwell and Warren streets, with Dodge street southward, and falls 
a few rods short of Park Row. It is kept in order, as is most becoming; for 
on its shafts and headstones may be read names often mentioned in these 
pages, inseparable from local history. It was in its day creditable to the taste 
and feeling of Genevans. It had become evident in 1880 that more room was 
needed. A new place was chosen, in its area forty acres, on a high knoll north 
the city. It i> supplied with water from a deep well on the ground and 
from the city waterworks. Lake Geneva cemetery overlooks the city, part 
of the lake, and miles of surrounding country. In planning it and in caring 
for it nothing that should have been done has been left undone. 



Since the city itself stretches along the greater part of that shore line 
which is of the town of Geneva most of the owners of lake front property, 
on each side, are of the town of Linn and those at the upper end of the lake 
are of Walworth. The city is their principal port of entry, so to say, though 
Williams Bay and Fontana are also reached by rail from Chicago. Dr. Philip 
Maxwell, then in service as an army surgeon, had invested as early as 1836 in 
the claim at the mill section, and soon afterward entered land in sections 15, 
26, 27 of Walworth. Leaving the army in 1842, he settled into professional 
practice at Chicago, and in 1853 became state treasurer of Illinois. In 1856 
he built a large house on his lakeside property at Geneva and brought his 
family there as summer residents. This was held at Springfield to disqualify 
him as an officer of Illinois, whereupon he became a resident of Geneva until 
his death in 1859. It is told that he advised a son-in-law to acquire all the 
shore land that could then be secured, assuring him that great profit would 
arise therefrom and that, too, in time not long to come. This wise counsel 
was not followed, though much of the land might have been bought at twen- 
ty-five dollars an acre. 

Gurdon Montague sold in 1870 ninety acres lying in section 35, having 
a front on the lake near its bay-like end, to Shelton Sturges. of Chicago, 
who in the next year built a large house or villa on the wooded slope outside 
of the village plat, but in full view from the eastern side of the bay. Julian S. 
Rumsey, an ex-mayor of Chicago, built at the eastern end in 1872. These 
three examples were well followed and both shores are lined with summer 
retreats built for permanence, much more substantially than bungalows, their 
grounds improved without needless violence to nature. As seen from mid- 
lake the view on either hand is not marred, but its native charm is heightened; 
for the least possible has been taken away and much has been added with 
taste and judgment. Most of these dwellers by the waterside, perhaps, own 
one or more vessels of the lake fleel : and their influence on road-making and 
other public improvement has been more or less salutary. The building, im- 
proving and service of their houses and grounds employ many local artisans 
and laborers, and so contribute to the city's general prosperity. In effect, 
these owners, of whom many have been or are of the wealthiest and best 
known of Chicago, have made these shores as truly suburban of their city 
a- a- insti hi ami Rogers Park. 

A p" \ as established in 1K37. its one weekly mail brought from 

Racine by way of Franklin (Spring Prairie). Solomon Harvey, of the lat- 


ter village, carried the mail in his hat and coat pockets, and often rode his 
horse into Geneva with a bag of grain behind him for grinding at Goodsell's 
mill. A stage route from Kenosha to Beloit, in 1840, increased the useful- 
ness of the postoffice. It is now an office of the second class, and has a city- 
carrier system and four rural free delivery routes. Postmasters : Andrew 
Ferguson, 1837; James J. Dewey, 1849; Timothy C. Smith, 1853; Lewis 
Curtis, 1861; Charles E. Buell, 1871 ; Charles A. Noyes, 1879; William 
Brown, 1886: George S. Read, 1890: William J. Cutteridge, 1894; Charles 
S. French, 1898; Frank S. Moore, 1906; Henry H. White, 1910. Buell and 
Noyes had been soldiers of the Civil war. 

Much must be left untold or scarce half-told of this city by the lake. 
But this matters little, for there are men and women there who, like Mr. 
Simmons, can write in prose or verse and who, like him, might say that 
they were a part of that of which they write. The recollections of one per- 
son or one person's gathering of many recollections must still leave the story 
incomplete. Nor need the past be recalled in all its minor though locally in- 
teresting details. Cities are not Aladdin-built, by rubbing rings or lamps. 
One who now sees broad, dustless streets, shaded by day and lighted by 
night, with all needful evidence besides of past and present intelligence, enter- 
prise, and high hopefulness, and who meets men and women who know how 
to enjoy the present and to make better the time near at hand, needs not 
the minuter record of uneven and often difficult steps by which they have 
reached the prosperity and bright prospects of 1912. Lake Geneva has many 
as yet unsatisfied wants, but contentment with the present is not the most 
conspicuous of American virtues. 


The village of Geneva was chartered in 1844. At its first election Charles 
M. Goodsell became president, and with him was a board of trustees, a ma- 
jority of whom were temperance men. This they proved by an ordinance 
which forbade the sale or gift of liquor after July 2d. Thomas D. Warren 
was convicted and fined for having sold the evil prohibited, over the Lake 
House bar, on the nation's birthday. He appealed to the territorial district 
court, but a change of statute overtook the slow course of the law and at 
last the proceeding was dropped; but, as it may be guessed, without loss to 
learned counsel. The next legislative session took from the trustees and 
gave to the town supervisors the power of granting or withholding licenses, 
and Geneva was not again tormented by thirst. For eleven years the village 


record, if ever regularly made, was lost. Of early presidents Mr. Simmons 
remembered only R. Wells Warren, Benjamin E. Gill and Anthony Dobbs. 

A new charter was given March 28, 1856, to an enlarged village' of 
Geneva, and this was amended in 1867. In 1879 the citizens voted to set 
aside their special charter and to incorporate under a general statute for 
government of villages. About fifty miles southward is Geneva, Kane coun- 
ty, Illinois, and mail was often missent to each of these namesake villages. 
To relieve the Wisconsin village from this long endured annoyance its name 
was changed in 1882 to Lake Geneva. An act of the Legislature of 1885 
enabled the citizens to accept a city charter at an election held March 31, 
1886. In 1897 Lake Geneva became a statutory city of the fourth class. 


Erasmus Darwin Richardson 1856 

'70-1, 77 
Harrison Rich to fill vacancy. 

Dr. Alexander S. Palmer 1857-8 

James J. Dewey 1859 

Shepard O. Raymond 1860-1 

Moses Seymour 1862 

Joel Barber 1863, '68 

Jonathan H. Ford 1864 

Edward Quigley 1865 

Ethan Lamphere Gilbert 1866 

Joel C. Walter 1867 

Timothy Clark Smith 1869 

Samuel Henry Stafford 1872, '79 

Dr. Benoni O. Reynolds 1874-6, 


Dr. George E. Catlin 1878 

Maurice A. Miner 1883-4 

Charles Edwin Buell 1885 


Jonathan T. Abell 1856-66 

John A. Smith 1867-8 

Erasmus D. Richardson 1869 

Stephen Bemis Van Buskirk 1870 

1 harles Edwin Buell 1871 

ll'iman E. Allen 1872 

John E. Burton 1873 

Maurice A. Miner 1874, '76-9 

["nomas Henry Ferguson 1875 

Charles S. French__ 1880-4 

Charles Herbert Burdick 1885 


Thpmas Baker Gray (probably) .1856 

Willi. mi Jewett 1857 

\\ illiam L, Valentine 1858-61 

M Barber 1862-3 

Schuyler S. 1 lanna 1864, '66 

William 11. Lee 1865, '69 

Sylvester Curtis Sanford__i867, '71 
William Alexander 1868 



George W. Sturges 1870, '74-8 Charles Edwin Buell 1880-3 

John Burton J 872-3 Robert Bruce Arnold 1884-5 

William H. Hammersley 1879 


John Bell Simmons 1886 

Charles S. French 1888 

William H. Seymour 1892 

Wesley Xewton Johnson 1894 

Alexander T. Seymour 1895 

Frank S. Moore 1898 

Edward F. Dunn 1901 

Ebenezer Davidson 1902 

Horace Greeley Douglass 1908 

Frank Augesty 1912 


Charles Herbert Burdick 1886 

Charles C. Kestol 1887-8 

Charles F. Case 1889-91 

William H. Hammersley 1892 

Louis B. Warren 1893-4 

Benjamin O. Sturges 1895 

Charles H. Gardner 1896-1904 

Arthur G. Bullock 1905-12 


Thomas Baker Gray, elected 1886 

William L. Valentine 1887-8 

Ephraim E. Sanford 1889-90 

Ethan L. Gilbert 1891 

Reinhold Briegel 1892-3, 1901-3 

George P. Wheeler 1894-5 

Emery A. Buell 1896-7 

Walter A. McAfferty 1898-9 

Charles Lawrie 1900 

William W. Ross 1904 

Andrew E. Williams 1905 

Lloyd D. Sampson 1906, 1910 

Theron Dallas Stroupe 1908 

Andrew Williams 1912 


Warren Beckwith 1886-91 

William F. Best 1910-11 

Lewis G. Brown 1901 

Francis A. Buckbee 1881-96, 


Hugh A. Burdick 1900-1 

Samuel S. Case 1881-2 

Bezaleel W. Farnum 1865 

Arthur M. Kaye 1904-9 

James Leonard 1908-11 

Cyril Leach Oatman 186 1-2, 

'66-9, '72-3 

Richard D. Short 1892-7, 1902-3 

James Simmons 1873-4 

John A. Smith 1867-9 

Theron Dallas Stroupe 1905-7 

Thomas F. Tolman 1885 

Franklin J. Tyrrell 1910 


John Theodore Wentworth Julius L. Wind 1900-1 

1863-4, '70-1 

It is not unlikely that Abell and Oatman, with, perhaps, a few more 
justices named in the town list, were, in fact, chosen for the village, though 
the record at the circuit clerk's office does not make it appear so. 


The village population in 1870 was 998. In 1880 it was 1,969. The 
city population in 1890 was 2,297. In ^ 1900 it was 2,585. By wards in 
1910: First ward, 948; second ward, 775; third ward, 1,356; total for 

city, 3,079. 

Valuation of real estate in 1910 was $3,553,000; of personal property, 
$752,000. (Nineteen automobiles were returned for the city in 1910, but 
their number now owned here and about the county has so increased as to 
make such statistic already worthless.) 



This town, at first included in Spring Prairie, was set off March 21, 
1843. It is town 3 north, range 17 east, less section 31, set off in 1846 
to form the town of Elkhorn. Beginning on its north line, and following the 
direction of the sun, it is bounded by Troy, Spring Prairie, Geneva and 
Elkhorn, and Elkhorn and Sugar Creek. Its surface varies between 855 
and 1,015 feet above sea-level — the lowest point a creek valley in section 
8, its highest near Elkhorn, near section 31. Sugar creek crosses from 
west to east a little north of the middle line of the town, and affords a 
small amount of mill power, but its several branches are inconsiderable in 
volume. In the earlier years it was well wooded with the several varieties 
of oak, and at points along the creek with sugar maples from which the 
Indian occupants of the/ county hunting ground derived a noteworthy supply 
of crudely made sugar. A few fine oak groves remain, and these are in 
themselves more than merely fair to look upon. Taking them with the 
green levels and the gently rolling fields, in the larger prospects, they make 
the town well worth a summer-day drive through it, in any direction, to 
see in what kindly mood was Nature when she formed Lafayette. Nature, 
however, did not work by town, county, or state lines ; and this town is 
but a small segment of the Eden-like Mississippi valley. The older forests 
were cut away to build cabins and fences and for the fuel of town and 
neighboring village. When the railway was built across the town its de- 
mands for ties, timber, and fuel quickened the previously slower spoliation 
to the pace of a forest fire. But the town is far from treeless, thanks to the 
valuable and carefully conserved later growth. 

The town is underlaid, as supposed by geologists, with Niagara lime- 
stone for most of its area, and along its western border with Cincinnati 
shale. A few borings have reached rock at 800 to 840 feet above sea- 
level, which may indicate that the glacial drift is from 55 to 175 feet deep. 
The land area is 22,198 acres. The total value, 19 10, was $1,650,300. The 
crop acreage was: Barley, 1,188; corn, 3,927; hayfield, 3,124; oats, 2,532; 
orchard, 98; potatoes, 99; rye, 150; timber, 1,859; wheat, 102. The as- 
sessed valuation of all property was 3.66 per cent of that of all property 


in the county. The population at each federal census was: 1850, 1,048; 
i860, 1,122; 1870, 1,032; 1880, 1,028; 1890, 933; 1900, 924:0910, 894. 

Neighboring villages and especially Elkhorn account for a small part 
of this loss of population. Elderly farmers retire from active life and 
find rest in the village. 

Before the establishment of rural free delivery there was a postoffice 
at Bowers near the junction of two highways from Spring Prairie to Elkhorn, 
east side of section 26. In earlier times this office was a few rods distant 
and was named Grove. There was also an office at Fayetteville (which 
railway men persistently call "Peck's Station"). The town is now supplied 
with its mail mostly from Elkhorn. 

Isaiah Hamblin and family led the immigration to Lafayette in June, 
1836. He settled on section 25, and built his cabin immediately. He 
alsi 1, .bought land in section 13. Within the year Solomon A. Dwinnell, 
Elias Hicks, Alpheus Johnson, Charles Chauncey Perrin and Isaac Vant fol- 
lowed. Messrs. Dwinnell and Hamblin passed the cold winter of 1836-7 
in their new quarters. In the next three years came Nathaniel Bell, William 
Bohall, Alexander H. Bunnell, Morris Cain, Harvey M<. Curtiss, George W. 
Dwinnell, David S. Elting, Thomas Emerson, Daniel. McDonough and 
Samuel Harkness, Riley Harrington, Daniel Hartwell, Charles Heath, Mason 
\. I licks. Henry Johnson,, Dr. Jesse C. Mills, Anthony Xoblet, Emery 
Singletery, Duer Y. Smith, Sylvester G. Smith. Daniel Kingsley Stearns, 
David Tower Vaughn, John Wadsworth. Stephen Gano West and Jesse 
Pike West, his son. 

Others who entered land at the Milwaukee office were William Allen, 
George Franklin Babcock, Asahel Bailey, Rufus Barnes, James Alexander 
Bell, Watson Beman, Levi Blossom, Jr.. Franklin Ephraim Booth, Joseph 
Bowman, Gershom P. Breed, Edmund Baldwin Cherevoy, Azariah Clapp, 
Curtis Clark, James Coleman, James Craig, Sprowell Dean, Reuben M. 
Doty, Julius Edwards, Isaac Fuller, William Nicholas Gardner, Clement 
Hare, Thomas Harrison, George Hicks, Ethan A. Hitchcock, William 
Hodges, Samuel M. and Willard K. Johnson, Sylvanus Langdon, Ambrose 
Brown Lockwood, Alexander. Duncan and Murdock Matheson, Peter Nob- 
let, George and Charles Paine Osborn, Jared Patrick, Jr., Uriah Payne, Peter 
Perry, Robert K. Potter, James Ouiggle, Israel Scott, George and Dewitt 
C. Sheldon, Xephaniah Short, five Smiths, named Elbert Herring, Ezekiel 
Rrown, Henry, Horace, and Martin, Ebenezer Soule, Lorenzo Stewart, Abel 
B. and Elijah B. Terrill, John Trumbull, Charles Wales, Eleazar Wheelock, 
Joseph D. Whiteley, William Montague Whitney, George Whitton, Absalom 


Williams, Jr., Alexander Wilson, Christopher Wiswell, John Wood, Simon 
J. Woodbury, Calvin H., George W., and Robert Wylie, George Young. 

The census of 1842 shows a few once well known names as: William 
Baumis, Zebulon Bugbee, Israel Hamblin, Jacob Harkness, Solomon Lewis, 
Henry Noblet. Theodorus Bailey Northrop, Thomas Pollock, Sherman Mor- 
gan Rockwood, Henry H. Sterling, Charles H. Thompson, ancL others who 
may have been of either part of old Spring Prairie. 

Amasa Allen (1776-1845) and his son Lester (1810-1884) were long 
residents in the town. Lester died at Elkhorn. 

Truman B. Bartlett (1815-1907) came from Vermont in 1844, with 
wife Serena Strong (1823-1890) and settled in Spring Prairie. About 1856 
he bought his farm in section 6, Lafayette. 

Major Nathaniel Bell (1800-1868) was sheriff from 1845 to 1849. 
He came in 1837 with his wife Sarah L. (1809-1847) and bought in sections 
12, 25, 36. 

Robert Bentley (1800-1854) and wife Maria Burse (1809-1868) came 
to section 5, in 1847. 

Joseph H. Bishop (1801-1882), son of Levi Bishop and Nancy Hunt, 
lived in section 10. His wife was Clarissa R. Balsley. 

Alexander Hervey Bunnell (1813-1889), son of Salmon Bunnell and 
Lois Leete, of Broome county, New York, came to section 20 in 1837. He 
married, first, Mary Dyer in 1839. She died in 1847 and he married in 
1848 Harriet N. Dyer (1825-1883). These were daughters of Capt. Charles 
Dyer and Mary Galusha, and sisters of Dr. Edward G. Dyer. 

Harvey Morse Curtiss (1817-1890), son of Harvey Curtiss and Melinda 
Morse, bought in sections 14, 23, in 1840. He married twice: Calcina A. 
Smith (1831-1852) and Eliza Almira Smith (1825-1899). They were 
daughters of John and Caroline Smith. Mr. Curtiss was one of the best 
men in his town. 

Julius Derthick (1795-1863) and wife Esther Monroe v ( 1790-1879), 
daughter of George Monroe and Miss Bennett, came from Portage county, 
Ohio, in 1854 to section 25. Their sonsjohn H. and Walter G. are named in 
the official lists of the county. 

Isaiah Hamblin (1790-1857) was son of Barnabas and wife Daphne, 
daughter of William Haynes. (His other ancestors: Sylvanus, 4 Elkanah, 8 
James 2 1 ). He was born in Massachusetts and died in California. His 
wife died in Iowa in 1847, before which time he had left his home here to 
rejoin the Mormons, beyond the river. 



Albert Dyer Harris (1820-1891), son of Dyer Harris and Temperance 
Watrous, had earlier ancestors: Ephraim, 4 3 Asa, 2 James. 1 He was born 
in Connecticut, married in 1845 Maria, daughter of William Bell and Harriet 
Owen, and came in that year to section 36. 

Thomas Harrison (1793-1872) had wife Clementina M. (1811-1845). 
His land was in section 26. 

Anson Hendrix (1793- 1849) and wife Cynthia Niles (1799-1871) left 
a son Wellington (1821-1889), whose wife was Abigail Briggs (1822-1895), 
and who was long a man of various public usefulness. 

Elias Hicks (1800-1885), son of Nathaniel, of Bristol county, Massa- 
chusetts, married Eliza Witherspoon in 1822, and came in 1837 to Lafayette. 
His second wife was named Amanda. He died at Elkhorn. There have been 
several namesake families in the country, some of whom came from Nova 

Murdock (1810-1886) and Roderick McKenzie (1825-1898) came 
from Scotland in 1842 and in 1846 to northern Lafayette. Murdock married 
Jane Lamont (1827-1857); Roderick married Susan, daughter of Thomas 
and Susan Pollock. Their sister Barbara was wife of Alexander Matheson. 

Winthrop Norton (1800-1863) married Hannah Cranston (1800-1879) 
and in 1842 came from Ohio to section 25. Their sons, Abraham C, John 
II. and William C, and daughter, Zilpha M. (Mrs. John C. Keyes), were 
long active and helpful members of their community. Mr. Norton died in 

Uriah Payne, son of the pioneer at Geneva Lake, came about 1842 
from Duck Lake, and bought in section 15, but left no distinct mark in the 
town history. 

Thomas Pollock (1808-1882) and wife Susan Manderson came from 
Scotland. They settled near their son-in-law, Roderick McKenzie. 

Zephaniah Short (1815 [896) was born in Otsego county; in 1835 
married Sally Cockett (1815-1893) ; came to Lafayette, section 27. In their 
later years they lived at Elkhorn. Their son George died in service as a 
soldier of the, Twenty-eighth Infantry in 1863. 

nory Singletery (1798-1891) was born at Sutton, Massachusetts. He 
may have been a near relative of Solomon A. Dwinnell, whose mother was 
Hannah Singletery. He married, first, Lois Pierce; second, Catharine 
Smith (1800-1875). He lived in section 22. 

Ezckiel Brown Smith (1809-1882), son of Willard Smith and Amy, 
(laughter of Palmer Gardner and Hannah, daughter of Joseph and Mary 
Xichols — therefore an aunt of the first-comer to Spring Prairie. Her father- 


line was George. 1 Nicholas, 2 3 Sylvester, 4 Palmer."' Amy". The other Gardner 
line was George.' Nicholas, 2 3 Sylvester, 4 Palmer, 5 Sylvester," Palmer, 7 of 
Spring Prairie. In 1840 Mr. Smith married Sophronia (1812-1885), 
daughter of Amasa Allen, at Ellisburg, New York, and came in 1843 to 
section 12. 

Sylvester Gardner Smith (1796-1878) was a brother of Ezekiel B. 
Smith, and was born in Berkshire county, Massachusetts. He came to sections 
11. 12. His first wife was Diana Ward, whose son, Capt. Lindsey J. Smith, 
of Troy, was serviceable in war and in peace. His second wife was Mrs. 
Charity Pierce. 

Daniel Kingsley Stearns was son of Theodore Stearns and Charlotte 
Root. He died between 1857 and i860, at his farm in section 21. His 
wife, Elizabeth Kellogg, was thus descended in father line: Nicholas, 1 
Thomas. 2 Philip." Martin, 4 Joseph, 3 Nathaniel, 6 7 Moses, 8 Whiting. 9 Her 
mother was Elizabeth ( 1750-1832), daughter of Aaron and Mary Cross. 

Isaac Yant (1806-1861) and wife Ann (1809-1888) came to section 12. 

David Tower Vaughn (1810-1888), son of Samuel Vaughn and Ruth 
Bowker, was born in Vermont; married Rebecca Dinsmore (1813-1876); 
came in 1838 to Spring Prairie, bought in section 13 of Lafayette in 1840, 
to which he added land in section 18, Spring Prairie, until he owned more 
than five hundred acres. His brother. Samuel Cole Vaughn, and brother- 
in-law. Isaiah Dike, came also to Spring Prairie in 1837. 

Joseph D. Whiteley (born 1799) and wife Mary Jane (1806-1889) 
went within a few years (before i860) to Walworth. 

George Whitton (or Whiton?) married Jane Hare. He died in 185 1 
and ten years later she died. 

Absalom Williams (1818-1892), son of Absalom Williams and Fanny 
Root, married Melissa Tiffany in 1840. Tn 1844 he came to section 34. 
He had sons Emory, Collins M., Frank, George, and Arnold D. From 
1853 to 1886 he lived in Spring Prairie, and died at Elkhorn. His wife 
(1820-1890) died at Lyons. 

Alexander Wilson (1802-1873), section 28. married Abigail (1801- 
[887), daughter of George and Abigail Bishop. They came to the town in 

Christopher Wiswell (1811-1883), son of Capt. Henry Wiswell and 
Elizabeth Salter, was born at Dalton, Massachusetts, and came from Chen- 
ango county in 1N40. first buying in section 5. He married Almira (1817- 
[883), daughter of Stephen G. West and Rebecca Pike. 
' (23) ' 



The Elkhorn and Eagle branch of the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul 
railway crosses sections 4, 5. 8, 18, 19, 31, and has a station in section 8, 
named by the company for Jedediah W. Peck. 

There are seven school districts in the town, of which district 2 is joint 
with Troy, district 4 with Sugar Creek, district 7 with Spring Prairie (the 
Bowers schoolhouse). and district 9 with Sugar Creek and Troy. 

There is a church in section 10, at the Bishop farm, its service usually 
supplied from the Congregational church at East Troy, and near it is a well- 
kept burial ground, laid out in 1848. There are also graves at "Westville."' 
in section 6, and at the Seymour farm in section 18, laid out in 1844. 


Dr. Jesse Carr Mills 1843 

Nathaniel Bell 1844-6, '50-1 

Christopher Wiswell 1847, '60-3 

Harvey Morse Curtiss-1848, '74> '83 

Ralph Patrick 1849 

John Bell 1852-3 

James Harkness I 854"5 

Robert Thompson Seymour 

[856-7, '66-8 

Reuben B. Burroughs 1858-9 

Ezekiel Brown Smith 1864-5 

Stephen R. Edgerton 1869, '7^ 

Jedediah William Peck 1870 

Calvin II. Wylie 1871-2, '78 

Abraham Cranston Norton. -187^. 
•84, '87 

Joseph Potter 1876, '82 

jay P. Wylie 1877 

Virgil Cobb 1879-80 

Theodorus Northrop 18S1 

Delos Harrington 1888, '91 

Jay Foster 1889. '90. '1)4 

James E. Lauderdale 1892 

Bennet F. Ludtke J 893, '97 

Milo Bingham Ranney 1805-6. '98 

George L. Harrington 1899-1901 

Charles E. Knapp 1902-6 

Frederick Milton Dike 1907-9 

William Harmon 1910-12 


I. out Mien 1835 

Anthony Belk 1905 

George Bentley 1879-80 

Erwin V III Igood igoy 

Uberl Brown 1882, 1902-3 

James Child [859, '71-2 

Oscai I' I oats T 907-9 

William II Conger r 852-3 

George Costello 1911 

Harvey Morse Curtiss 1846-7. 

'50. '8] 

Harvey Ward Curtiss 1891 

John Henry Derthick 1873 

Julius Derthick i860 

Walter George Derthick 1866-7 

Frederick Milton Dike 1900-6 


.1 3 3 

Brewster B. Drake 1866, ~jj. '78 

Charles E. Ellsworth 1904 

William Pierce Ellsworth 1869 

George W. Fairchild 1885 

Jay Foster 1887-8 

Solomon H. Foster 1876 

Everett A. Greene 1909, '12 

Porter Greene 1856 

James Harkness 1910-11 

Rut us Dudley Harriman 1874 

Albert Dyer Harris 1851 

James V. Hempstead 1854 

Wellington Hendrix 1863-4, '68 

Peter Hinman 1844-5, "47"S 

Henry A. Hubbard 1867-8, '80 

Hiram Humphrey 1845, 49 

Charles E. Ketchpaw 1883 

John C. Keyes 1871-2 

James E. Lauderdale 1895-6 

Louis E. Lauderdale 1912 

Bennet F. Ludtke 1891 

Donald F. Matheson 1908 

Oscar D. Merrick 1889 

Nathan W. Mower 1870 

Anthony Xoblet 1879 

Abraham Cranston Norton 1869 

Ralph Patrick 1846, '48 

Jedediah William Peck 1865 

Frederick Peglow 1899 

Alonzo Potter 1870 

Geo. Eugene Potter 1890, '92-4, '97 

Joseph Potter T 859, '75, '77 

Patrick Powers 1893-4 

Milo B. Ranney 1898 

Henry Rieck 1898 

Sherman Morgan Rockwood 1843 

Charles F. Rohde 1884-6, '92, '97 

Sylvester C. Sanford 1861 

Robert Thompson Seymour 1873 

Ezekiel Brown Smith 1857, 

'60-2, '74 

Henry Harrison Sterling 1862 

August Voss 1881-3, '87 

John Wadsworth 1850 

William Webb 1884. '86 

Nelson West 1865 

Stephen Gano West 1851-2, '54 

William Montague Whitney. _ 1863-4 

Absalom Williams 1853 

Alexander Wilson 1843-4 

Frederick Winter 1877-8, 

'88-90, '95-6 

Christopher W'iswell 1856, [858 

Frederick Clayton Wiswell-1899-1901 

William J. Wood-' 1906 

Calvin H. Wylie 1849, 'S7"8 

John Perry Wylie 1876 


Reuben B. Burroughs 1843 

Charles Seeley 1844-6 

Alva H. Thompson 1847 

George G. Sewell 1848-50 

Harvey Morse Curtiss 1851-2 

Wellington Hendrix 1853 

George Washington Wylie. 1854-1860 

( alvin H. Wiley— 1861, '65-6, '70, '82 

Stephen R. Edgerton 1862-4 

Wallace W. Hartwell 1867-9 

Xiles Anson Hendrix 1871-3 

Milo Bingham Ranney. .!_ 1 874- 

80, '83-8 
Harvey A. Greene 1881 



Leonard Cobb- _ 1889-96, '98, 1901-9 Joseph Robert Potter 1899-1900 

George P. Peck 1897, 1910-12 


Solomon Ashley Dwinnell 1843 

Joseph Whitmore 1844 

Svlvester Gardner Smith 1845-8 

Alexander Hervey Bunnell 1849 

Christopher Wiswell 1850 

Jedediah William Peck 185 1 

Peter Ilinman 1852 

X. Howard Briggs 1853 

Jacob Wright 1854 

William .Montague Whitney-- 1855-6 

Reuben I!. Burroughs 1857 

William Pierce Ellsworth 1858 

Robert S. Hendrix 1859 

Stephen Williams i860 

George Wright 1861-5, '74-6 

Charles W. Concklin 1866 

Albert E. Oviatt 1867 

Niles Anson Hendrix 1868 

Robert B. Webb 1869 

Sanford Doane 1870-3 

Theodoras Northrop 1877-80 

Ezekiel Brown Smith 1881 

William H. McArthur 1882-4 

William H. Coombe 1885, '91-3 

Leonard Cobb 1886-7 

Julius M. Ellsworth—. 1888-90, 

Clayton E. Mower 1894 

Charles E. Ellsworth 1895-6 

Frank Harmon l %97 

Erwin A. Bloodgood 1908-9 

Robert J. Ludtke 1910-12 


Nelson Catlin 1862-3, '65-6 

Robert Cheney 1899-1900 

James Child 59-60, '62-5, 

"68-74, '75-90- '94-9 

Oscar P. Coats 1901-2, '06-7 

Waller George Derthick__i879, '86-7. 

Frederick Milton Dike 1908-9 

Stephen R. Fdgcrtoii 1867-74 

Richard Baker Mack 1859-62 

lay Foster 1887-95 

Levi Hare 1872-3 

George L. Harrington 1898 

Wellington Hendrix 1863-74 

Mark Hunt 

Willam L. Lane 

William II. McArthur. 

Clayton P.. Mower 

( 'harle- Isaac Peck 

Milo B. Ranney 

Oscar B. Rogers 1 

Henry Schroeder 

John Schubert 

Ezekiel Brown Smith 

Jesse Pike West 

Alexander Wilson 

Calvin II. W'vlie 1 

■ 1805-6 

1 So,, -1 



Town 4 north of range 16 east was set off March 21, 1843, from the 
town of Elkhorn and named for an estate or country-seat of the hereof three 
revolutions, Marquis de Lafayette. It lies next southward from Palmyra, 
in Jefferson county; and the city of that name has trade relations and some 
personal interests with part of the town on this side of the line. Lagrange 
is generally about nine hundred fifty-five feet above sea-level. It is within 
the lower loop of the great Kettle moraine, and its numerous pot-like de- 
pressions are characteristic of that great glacial deposit. Some of these are 
(or have been) miniature lakes. The group of lakes named Lauderdale, 
from owners of adjacent land, is in the southeastern corner, section 36, 
and from it Honey creek takes its course across the Troy and Spring Prairie 
to Fox river. A branch of the Scuppernong flows northward, from section 
18, and through sections 7 and 6. 

•. The land is generally as fertile as any in the county, and Heart prairie, 
in the southwestern quarter, was long regarded as especially so. The 
farmers of the town have l>een as far-seeing and prosperous as elsewhere 
within county limits. Stock-raising received early attention and effort, and 
men of Heart prairie made their corner of the town widely famous for its 
improved breed of hogs. For a few years each side of 1880 a few tons 
of tobacco were raised, but that crop has since disappeared from the yearly 
reports. Heart prairie lies about 965 feet, and the opposite corner of the 
town about 943 feet above sea-level. Trenton limestone is found at 720 
to 870 feet above the sea. 

James Holden made the first lawful claim to land within the town, 
a square-mile on Heart prairie, early in 1837. He was soon followed, 
within the year, by Amasa Bigelow, James Burt, Gabriel Cornish and sons, 
Edwin DeWolf, George Esterly, Volney A. McCraken, True Rand and 
Benjamin Swett. 1838 brought Stephen B. Davis, Orison G. Ewing, 
Ephraim C. Harlow, William McDougald, Thomas Waterman, John Weld, 
Elijah Worthington (with father and brother). Robert G. Esterly and 
Marshall Newell came in 1839. Among men of 1840 were Charles P. Ellis, 


James W. Field, Stephen C. Goff, Oliver P. Gunnison, Caleb and Levi 
Harris, Enos J. Hazard, Ezekiel Lewis. In 1841 Benjamin F. Fox, John 
King, William Lyon, Caleb and Robert K. Morris, John Norcross, Moses 
Rand, Samuel Robinson, James H. Sanford. Other early arrivals were 
those of Horace and Nathan Adams, John H. Cooper, Hiram Cross, David 
S. Elting, Benjamin Fowler, James Lauderdale, John Olds, Isaac C. Phelps. 

Entries at the land office, were made by Henry Adkins, Sewell Andrews, 
Thomas Astin, William Benjamin Astin. Hugh Barker, Samuel Barr, 
Harvey Birchard, Thomas Bray, William Bromley, Walter Clayton, James 
Coats, James George Conklin. Richard Day, Julius Edwards, Walter P. 
Flanders, Jesse Halsted, John C. Harlow, John Harrison, Charles Heath, 
Silas and William Houghton, Herman Jenkins, Lars Johnson, Caleb and 
George W. Kendall, Samuel Kershaw, Edmund King, Jacob R. Kling, 
Sjur Knudson, Julius H. Lauderdale, Harvey Andrew Lawton, Hugh and 
Patrick Lee, Henry C. Leffingwell, George Leland, Ralph Lockwood, 
William Lumb, Alexander McDonald, Isaac Magoon, Patrick Mahan, 
Edward Malcomb, Corrall Higley Mills, Delos Storms Mfills, Forest W. 
.Mills, Richard,. L. Morris, Noyes Darling Niblack, John B. and George W. 
Norcross, Benjamin, Halver, Matthias and Oliver Oleson, John Padley, Ole 
Peterson, Isaac Severance, Sidney F. Shepard. Isaac I. Sherwood, George 
and Maxwell Smith, Peter Spur. James and James P. Stewart, Nelson Z. 
Strong, Joshua Taylor, Homer Ward, Francis B. Webster. Iver Wickinson, 
John Wilson. 

Horace Adams (1801-1863) had first wife Sarah R. (1S02-1849), 
second wife Fanny Emerson (born 181 1). He died at Racine. 

Nathan Adams (1778-1850) had wife Rachel. (His headstone gives 
dates 1 781-1855 — not a solitary instance of difference between stone-cutter 
an<! other record-makers.) 

Thomas Astin (1822-1907) had wife Elizabeth (1823-1898). He 
bought in section 9. 

Amasa Bigelow came from Nova Scotia. His first wife was named 
Welch. Second wife, Ann, died in 1906. 

James Burt's son, born in 1838, was the first native resident of the 

Gabriel Cornish (1772-1853) and wife Eliza (1873-1837) came with 
sons Anson. Jared, and Nelson, in 1837, to section 15. Anson became a 

Hiram Cross (1811-1882) came in [842 to section 25. He was an 
[y improver of stock-breed-, and, took premiums at the first county fair. 


Stephen B. Davis married Esther Newell April 24, 1842. She was 
probably a daughter of Marshall and Esther Newell. 

Edwin DeWolf married Elizabeth C. McCracken, February 8, 1843. 

David S. Elting was earlier of Lafayette. He married Eliza Manwell, 
October 31, 1841. 

Ephraim C. Harlow (1806-1899) was son of Levi Harlow and Eliza- 
beth Cary. He married Emeline (1811-1891), daughter of Joseph Bigelow, 
and lived on section 1, near Little Prairie. 

Caleb Harris (1810-1893), son of Jeremiah Harris and Priscilla Cole, 
grandson of Anthony Harris, Jr.. was born in Jefferson county, New York. 
He married April 11, 1844, Laura Ann Bronson (1822-1904). He came 
with a brother, Levi, and brother-in-law, Ellis, in 1842. Wesley Harris 
(1795-1884) and wife Esther ( 1789- 1852) are buried at Lagrange; but 
relationship, if any, with Caleb is not learned. 

Enos J. Hazard (1810-1857) married Celestia Knight, December 10, 
1845. (His widow, Julia C, may have been the same person.) In 1848 
he was chosen as assemblyman over Augustus C. Kinne and Thomas Water- 

Charles Heath (1818-1889) and wife Harriet E. (born 1817) were 
parents of Julia M. Y.. late widow of William H. Morrison, who, was long 
known in county and state service. 

Nathaniel G. Holden (1818-1872) was son of Josiah Holden and 
Elizabeth Leland. Elvira J., his wife, was born in 1819. They came in 
1842 to Heart prairie. 

William Houghton (1802-1889) bought land in sections 14, 22, 23, 26. 
His first wife was Orilla E. (' 1809-1853). His widow, Clarissa, was born 
in 1818. 

George W. Kendall (1799-1887), known as Captain Kendall, was 
called in 1839 for service as petit juror in Judge Irwin's court. His house 
was for a time a wayside tavern. 

Edmund Kin- 1 1819-1901) was born at Pomfret, Vermont. He 
came to Whitewater; thence to section 17, Lagrange, where he married 
Deborah (1825-1901), daughter of Samuel Loomer and Deborah Eaton; 
returned in after years to Whitewater, where he died. 

John King (1806-1899), a native of Lancashire, was son of James 
King and Elizabeth Brierly. He married Hannah (1808-1887), daugtiter 
of John ami Ellen Hilton, and came to New York in [834, ami to Lagrange 
in 1 84 1. 


Jacob Rensselaer Kling (18 — 1892) was son of Jacob Kling (born 
[784) and Dorothy Gasper. He bought in section 1. The family came 
from the valley of, the Mohawk. A sister, Catharine, was wife of Silas' B. 
Chatfield, of Troy, and this and other relationships were so numerous as 
to give a family character to a quarter of that town. 

Ezekiel Lewis (died 1858) married Abigail (1795-1878), daughter of 
Job and Lydia Harrison, and settled on section 21 in 1840. Their son, 
John S. Lewis (born 1S22), is named in.early official lists. 

Samuel Loonier ( 1782-1853), son of Jonathan and Eunice, married 
Deborah Eaton ( 1789- 1870) and came from Nova Scotia in 1841. Their 
children, as far as learned, were Hiram, Samuel X., Timothy, Deborah 
(Mrs. Edmund King), and Prudence Sophia (Mrs. Andrew W. Arwood). 

Volney Anderson McCracken (born 1803), a cousin of Austin Mc- 
Cracken and brother-in-law of Edwin W. Meacham ( perhaps, too, of 
Edwin DeWolf), never married. After several years he went to another 
county. He was the first clerk of the county, and was captain of the 
militia of his town. 

Robert Kennedy Morris (1807-1846) and wife Emeline Bird (after- 
ward Mrs. Austin) were parents of Azel Bird Morris (1842-1886), a 
soldier of the Thirteenth Infantry. 

Marshall Newell ( 1803-1870) came about 1840 to section 23. He 
died at Whitewater. Esther Newell ( 1782-185 1) was probably his mother. 

John Norcross ( [785-1862) and wife Mitty ( 1788-1802) were parents 
of George Washington, Joel Butler, and Walter \Y., all early-comers. 
(Franklin and Lydia P. lived in the town in i860.) George W. Norcross 
married Jane Taylor, July 4, 1845. 

John Olds (1787-1869) had wife Polly (1789-1856): lived at or near 
Little Prairie. 

Isaac C. Phelps (1812-1882) had wife Mary (18 15- 1899). 

Moses Rand (1 800-1 881) was born in New Hampshire and died, un- 
married, at Racine. True Rand, his brother, died in 1875. His wife was 
named Lydia E. A sister, Emily E., was wife of Elijah Worthington. 

Samuel Robinson (1804-1872) married Levina (1833-1893). daughter 
of William Lyon and Sarah Sanborn, and sister of James Lyon. 

James H. Sanford (1816-1882) married Rebecca Johnson (born 
1820). He settled in section 32. 

Isaac Severance (1796-1875) had wife Lucia (1801-1877). Some 
persons of his name and kindred lived at Whitewater. 


Joshua Taylor ( 1816-1890) ^son of Joshua and Sarah Butlin, was horn 
in Yorkshire; came to Oneida county, New York, in 1839; married Eliza- 
beth (1820-1884), daughter of Joseph Garlock, in 1841 ; came to section 
15 in 1843. A son an d grandson have served as county superintendents of 

John Weld ( 1795-1884), son of Thomas and wife, Laurana Leavens, 
was born at Reading, Vermont, where in 1830 he married Wealthy, 
daughter of Elisha Bigelow. She died in 1876. Mr. Weld came in 1841 
to section 1. 

Daniel Williams (1813-1907), son of Joseph and Elizabeth, was born 
in Connecticut; in 1838 he married Julia M. Judson (1818-1896) and had 
children. Elbert J.. Laura (Mrs. I. Ebenezer Weaver), Daniel Judson, and 
Chester B. He came in 185 1 to Sugar Creek; left the state; returned in 
1867 to ownership of the flouring mill at Lauderdale lakes ; removed late 
in life to Elkhorn, where, after later marriage, he died. 

Elijah Worthington (1803-1858) married Emily E. Rand (1806- 
1888). He came in 1838 with his father and brother Theodore to section 
20. In 1839 he was granted a tavern license, and elections were held at his 

In 1839 Amasa Bigelow built a saw-mill at the entrance of Honey creek, 
or Mill lake, at the Troy line, and this was followed by a grist-mill, known 
as the \\ 'illiams mill and as the Lean mill. It is yet in running order, with 
reduced custom. A church was built early at Heart Prairie by the Methodist 
society, and a much better building soon followed on the same site. A 
union church was built at Lagrange, and, yet later, a summer hotel at the 
lakes. A store or two and shops were added to each of these settlements, 
but a village grew from none of them. Had the rails been laid on the now 
useless grade from Lake Geneva to Whitewater a station, most likely, would 
have been made at Heart Prairie, and thence a more or less promising 
village. The postoffices at these three places were long of local convenience. 
A single star route, between Whitewater and Elkhorn, carried mail for all 
of them, tri-weekly from each terminus, — a .long, tiresome, and often dif- 
ficult trip for the luckless sub-contractor. Rural delivery routes from White- 
water, Palmyra, and Elkhorn now supply daily service to all parts of the 

Four school districts are wholly within town limits, and there are five 
joint districts; with Palmyra, with Sugar Creek, with Troy, with Sugar 
Creek and Troy, and with Whitewater. The buildings and grounds very 
fairly meet modern requirements, and show the town's enlightened interest 
in the welfare of its youthful population. 



The true valuation of land and improvements for 1910, as computed 
by the supervisor of assessments, was $1,410,900. The numbers and values 
of personal property were: 2,913 cattle, $61,893; 1,314 hogs, $13,900; 
486 horses, $36,500; 150 mules, $11,250; 1,139 sheep, $3,400. There were 
320 vehicles, worth $6,400; and three automobiles, valued at $400. Total 
valuation of personal property, $1,727,700. The average value of land was 
in 1844, $3.28 per acre; in 1910 $64.38 per acre. Acreages of crops: 
Apples, 62; barley, 2,033; corn > 3-345; hayfield, 2,598; oats, 2,764; potatoes, 
104; rye 606; timber, 2,295; wheat, no. 

The federal censuses showed the population: 1850, 1,049; i860, 1,255; 
1870, 1,039; 1880, 921; 1890, 844; 1900, 882; 1 9 10, 779. 


Edwin DeWolf 1843, '45 

Enos J. Hazard 1844, '50 

Orison Gray Ewing- 1846 

James Lauderdale- .1847-9, '5 r > 

'53-4. '''9. '7 l -3 

David S. Elting 1852 

Richard Fairchild 1855 

Dewitt Clinton Barron 1856-7 

Sylvester Hanson 1858-60 

Charles Heath 1861 

James Holden 1862 

George Augustus Ray — 1863-8, '70 

William Greening 1874-5, '80, '83-7 

Matthew P. Bishop 1876-9, '81-2 

James H. Lawton 1888-91 

Everett E. Dow 1892-95 

John Lee Duffin 1896-1907, '12 

Seymour A. Cook 1908-n 

Mr. Hanson served the city of Whitewater in like capacity, in after 
years. Mr. Bishop had lived earlier in Troy. Mr. Dow was of a Palmyra 
family, and was later a member of Assembly. 


Horace Adams 1848 

Andrew \\ . Arwood 1889-90 

Asmund Asmundson 1896 

rhomas Win 1859, ' 6l > ' 6 5 

ilt C. Barron 1855 

Bird 1056 

Squire P. Blomily ^894-5 

Edward Bromley 1882, '98 

ge 1 1. Bn 'niley-1875-7, "93, 
'96, 1901-5 

James X. Case 1 85^. '61-2 

Sextus A. Case 1881 

Samuel N. Case 1882-4 

Alfred Cooley 1885-7, '99 

Daniel C. Coombe 1909-n 

Andrew B. Coonrod 1892 

John H. Cooper 1847 

Augustus \Y. Dickenson 1862, '80 

Edward J. Crane 1876-7 

Hiram Cross 1849-50 



Ira E. Doolittle 1878, '80-1 

Charles Perkins Ellis. 1845, '55» 
'57-60, '68, '74-5 

Asmund Emerson 1897, 1907-8 

Arthur Ewing 1893-4 

Orison Gray Ewing 1844 

Harry A. Fowler 1891 

William H. Gibbs 1872, '74 

William Greening 1873-74 

Oliver P. Gunnison 185 1 

Caleb Harris 1853-4 

Charles Heath 1849-50, '58- 

60, '64 

James Holden 1852, '56 

William Holgerson 1897-1900 

William Houghton 1845 

Eric Johnson 1884 

Willliam W. Johnson 1879 

George H. King 1889-90, '95 

John King 1863, '66-7 

James W. Knight 1863 

Andrew Lackey 1900- 1 901 

William H. Lawton 1912 

C. Edward Lean 1906-8 

Thomas E. Lean 1886-7 

Ezekiel Lewis 1847 

Charles McNaughton, 1891 

Duncan McNaughton 1869, '85 

John Moyse 1879 

Marshall Newell 1843 

Charles D. Olds 1912 

John Padley 1854 

Albert E. Peterson 1909-11 

William Phelps 1902-4 

Moses Rand 1844 

Daniel K. Sanford 1870-1, 'J2> 

Harley P. Sanford 1888 

James H. Sanford 185 1 

Samuel Stewart 1892 

E. William Taylor 1906 

Frank C. Taylor 1905 

Joshua Taylor 1852-3, '69 

Thomas Waterman 1857 

John Weld 1848 

John W. Weld 1870, '^ 

Ole O. Welkos 1888 

Iver Wickinson 1878 

John G. Wood 1864-7 

Elijah Worthington 1843 

Wayne D. Zelie 1868 


Thomas Waterman 1843-4, '47 

Enos J. Hazard 1845, 55 

Benjamin Swett 1846, '48-9 

Henry Adkins 1850-4 

Oliver P. Gunnison 1856 

William King 1857, '59 

James W. Knight 1858, '62-5 

John King i860 

Sylvester Hanson 1861 

James H. Lawton 1866, '72-8 

George W. Alexander 1867 

William R. Taylor 1868-71 

William Thomas Taylor 1879-85 

Everett E. Dow 1886-90 

John Lee Duffin 1891-95 

Harry \. Fowler 1896-98 

Seymour A. Cook 1899-1907 

Bert Lawton 1908 

John T, Tobin, Jr. 1909-12 

3 6 4 



Benjamin Swett 1843, '45-6 

Charles Perkins Ellis_i844, '47, '51-3 

Enos J. Hazard 1848 

Oliver P. Gunnison 1849-50 

William Bromley 1854 

Caleb W. Harris 1855, '65-7. 70-1 

William Battell 1856 

Thomas Astin 1857 

John S. Lewis 1858 

Adam Martin 1859-60 

Amos Bird 1861 

James H. Lawton 1862-4 

George Taylor, Jr. 1868 

George H. Bromley 1869 

Fred W. Blomily 1872-6 

William Taylor, Jr. 1877-81 

Frank P. Bishop 1882 

Robert J. Lean 1883-4 

Charles H. Taylor 1885-6, '88-9 

Jesse James Rundle 1887 

Seymour A. Cook .-1890-1 

William C. W r ait 1892 

John E. Menzie 1893-4 

William Phelps 1895-6 

William Lawton 1897-8 

Frank Fisher 1899-1900 

Will M. Bromley 1901-2 

E. Will Taylor 1903-4 

Edward Malcomb . 1905-6 

Frank J. Garbntt 1907-8 

George F. Reddy 1909-10 

John R. West 1911-12 


Andrew W. Arwood 1886-7 

Zerah T. Baker 1874-6 

John W. Blake 1884-6 

William Bromley 1904-5. '07-8 

Augustus W. Dickenson 1875-8, '80 

John Lee Duffin 1894, 1904 

Arthur Ewing 1895-7 

Cyrus C. Gibbs 1882 5 

William Greening 1865-1911 

Sylvester Hanson 1S5CH4 

James W. Knight 1859-66 

Grant H. Lawton 1893-4 

Robert J. Lean 1887-90 

George F. Lull 1 860-1, '63 

Edwin McDougald 190T-2, '07-10 

George McDougald- 1886-96, '99-1900 
Wm. McDougald_i86i, '64-9, '74.-81 

Charles H. Nott 1903 

Owen Reddy 1897-8 

John Ridge 1873 

Charles S. Vedder 1885 

The pastors of Heart Prairie have been: J. D. Graham, 1858: Delos 
White, 1859; Erastus Sylvester Grunley, i860; J. B. Cooper, 1862, 1875; 
Rufus II. Stinchfield, 1865; Theron O. Hollister. 1867; Joseph H. Jenne, 
1868; Russell P. Lawton, 1869; J. C. Robbins, 1871 ; John V. Trenery, 
[873; Charles R. Chapin, 1874: Martin Van Buren Bristol. 1875: A. J. 


Brill. 1877; John Varty, 1S81; William R. Mellott, 1884; Benjamin T. 
White, 1885; T. M. Ross, 1887; William E. Morris, 1890; W. G. Cooper, 
1892; John H. James, 1899; John C. McClain, 1902; Ambrose C. Jett, 1905; 
George N. Lester, 1908. 



Town i north, range 17 east, was set off from Geneva, January 23, 1844. 
and was named for Dr. Lewis Field Linn, of Missouri, who from 1833 to his 
death, October 3, 1843, was Colonel Benton's colleague in the Federal Senate, 
and of whose character and ability the Colonel wrote most appreciatively. It 
may be noted that at the naming of the town Doctor Linn's death was yet 
fresh in the memory of the territorial Democracy. Next southward lie the 
towns of Hebron and Alden, in Illinois. About one-sixth of the town's area 
i^ covered by Geneva lake, of which fair body of cold, pure, deep water much 
the greater part is in Linn. The area of that part of the town lying north of 
the lake is about two and one-half square miles. Thirteen sections of this 
town are more or less lake-covered. Of section 7 only Cedar Point, at the 
easl side of the entrance to Williams bay, about six acres of high and dry land 
are heaved up from the general submergence of that section. The greatest 
lake depths are found near tlie line of section 7 of Linn and section 12 of Wal- 
worth. Williams bay, an almost rectangular indentation, a scant half-mile 
wide, and reaching a large half-mile northward, is wholly in section 6. The 
shores of the lake arc high and uneven, were once thickly wooded, and are not 
now bare nor in any way unsightly, though architects and landscape makers 
have somewhat changed their primitive aspect. 

The value of sin ire property is now based on measurement in feet along 
its water front. The general effect of shore improvement has been to raise 
the average value (in mm) of all the 18,961 acres of Linn to $264.77 P er 
ai re Such average acre-value for other towns ranges from $59.43 in Rich- 
mond to $140.25 in Delavan. The surface of the town is as variously fair to 
li n >k upi 'ii as in the neighbi iring towns. A branch of the Nippersink and several 
smaller and nameless streams carry its waste of waters to the Fox, while a 
little tribute is paid to the lake. The town was once well wooded, with alter- 
nations of prairie, and is mm well cultivated. Several of the must active and 
useful members of the ui hut's and dairyman's societies have been and are 
men of Linn. Bloom prairie lies partly in this town. 

There was no village in the town; but in moi the Chicago, Milwaukee & 

Paul Railway Company built its Chicago and Janesville line across sec- 


tions 36, 35, 27, 28. 29, 30, making a station named Zenda, in the southeast 
quarter of section 28, where a village may grow about its store and creamery 
and add its own to some larger history of Linn. At this point is the only 
postoffice in the town. At an early time, about 1843, and as late as 1869, 
there was a postoffice. named Tirade, near the state line and in section 32, dis- 
continued in 1876. \\ "hat suggested such a name is now among those things 
unknown that men are fond of calling mysteries. About 1897 an office named 
Bissell was established near a cheese factory, in section 32. This was soon 
discontinued, and another office named Linton, was placed on the line 
of sections 20 and 21 and on the road from Lake Geneva to Fontana. This 
office, too, had a short existence. 

On a map of the roads a noteworthy feature is the course of the old and 
well-made highway from Lake Geneva to Fontana, which follows mostly the 
Pottawattomie trail, and makes nine oblique angles and six slight turns before 
it reaches the Walworth line, having crossed eight sections from sections 1 to 
19. both included. This, of course, avoids the long line of the south shore 
highlands and the few low places, and makes a somewhat striking exception 
to the more general movements by section lines and right angles. This road 
was of early importance to dwellers at each end of the lake as well as to those 
along its slightly devious course through a rich and pleasing part of the town. 

The crop acreages returned for 1910 were: Barley. 565; corn, 3,475; 
hay, 2,128: oats, 1,902: orchard, 56; potatoes. 60; rye. 6; timber. 708: no 
wheat shown. Number and value of live stock: 3,068 cattle, $100,600; 975 
hogs. $11,700; 818 horses, $64,600: 746 sheep. $2,700. There were five auto- 
mobiles, valued at $5,500: 220 other vehicles at $10,000; lake vessels, sail and 
steam, valued at $100,000. Total value of personal property, $451,400. 

John Powers (1803-1867), a native of Maine, made his claim in section 
1 in 1836 and built the first house in Linn the next spring. He married Laura 
Stevens (born 1807) at Geneva, January 31. 1841. He died at Lake Geneva. 
Other settlers in 1837 were Benjamin Ball, section 34; Allen McBride, sections 
31. ^t,: Samuel Ryland, section 31; Israel Williams, section 6. Within the 
next few years patents were granted at the land office to Joseph Bailey, Thomas 
Baker. John Barr, Sr., Lewis Barrett, Charles Beardsley (1819-1903). John 
W. Boyd. Peleg C. and Solomon C. Burdick, Thomas Chrystal. Peter S. 
Cooper, George and Peter Crayton, John Cumming, Thomas Davis, Daniel 
Downs, James Duncan, Thomas Dyer, John Chesley Ford. Daniel K. Franklin. 
Benj. F. Fridley, William Greenman, Francis Hanmore Hale, Seymour N. 
Hatch, Lorenzo Hinman. Joel Hopkins. Thomas Hovey, Joseph Fdwin Howe, 
William Hubbard, Silas tngalls, James and William Johnson, Lyman Jones, 


Michael Keenan, Terence Kennedy, Daniel Lloyd, Jonathan Lockwood, Mah- 
lon McBride, Charles McXamara, Dr. James McNish, Samuel Madison, Amos 
Makyes, James B. Martin, John Matthews, John Millard. Frederick A. M lin- 
den, James Xelson, Benson Pierce, Caleb Preston. Edwin and John Henry 
Prime, Lyman Redington, Isaac M. and John Reed, John Reek, William 
Orson Roblee, John Conrad Shaver, George Smith, John P. Snell, George 
Trimble, Abram Van Orden, Julius Wadsworth, [Marshall Franklin Winters. 

Benjamin Ball (1780-1868) had wife Daphne (1790-1873). He was 
one of the first county commissioners, a native of Massachusetts, and for a 
few years resident in Dupage county, Illinois. 

John Barr (1792-1860) married Barbara Black ( 1789- 1883) in Scot- 
land and came to America in 1828. About twenty years later he bought land 
in sections 10, 15. One of his sons was for some years chairman of the 
county board of supervisors. 

Charles Beardsley (1819-1903) bad wife Susan A. Copeland (1825- 


Peleg C. Burdick (1787-1854) and wife Olive (1814-1858) came to 
section 21. Solomon Champlin Burdick (1812-1891), perhaps Peleg's son, 
came to section 29. 

Thomas Chrystal (born 1813) and wife Margaret (born 1807) bought 
in sections 20, 25, 28. 

Peter S. Cooper (1809-1893) and wife Lovina ( 1829- 1907) were of 
section [9. 

John Cumming ( 1781-1854) had wife Mary, born 1781. died October 
21, [839, and buried in Walworth. He bought in section 9. 

Michael Keenan (born 1820) and wife Ann (born 1823) settled in sec- 
ti"ii 21, and Daniel Lloyd (born 18181 and wife Mary (born 1825) in sec- 
tion 28. 

Mien McBride 1 [809-1884) married hatha Collier (born 1814). Both 
were natives of < Ihio, and came in 1837 to section 31, and also bought land in 
section 33; He was in various official ways useful to his townsmen. 

John Millard (1798-1887) and wife Elizabeth (1815-1877) bought in 

'■CClli ills |i;, 30. 

John Reek (born 1815 1, s,,., ,,1" John Reek and .Mary Garside, a native 

of Cheshire, came to the states in [837 and about 1845 to Finn and proved 

thai a good carriage maker ma\ be also a good farmer. His wife was Amelia 

Bennett. I heir si >ns Joseph and James S. (1850-191 1 ) have been prosper »us 

and active men in ti iw n affairs. 


Samuel Robinson (born 1811), a native of Massachusetts, came to sec- 
tion 14 in 1844 from Chenango county. His first wife was Freelove Thorn- 
ton; the second, Mrs. Jane Marshall (born 1807). 

John Peter Snell (1796-1852) and wife, Mary Ann Scouton (1798- 
1858). came to section 19. He at once took his place among men of property 
and of influence in town and county affairs. 

Israel Williams (1789-1846), son of Ephraim, of Franklin county, Massa- 
chusetts, with his wife, Lavina Joy (1787-1852), came in 1837, at first to 
section 18, a little later to section 6, and thus was named for him the bay 
which cuts so deeply and squarely into that section. So little of Linn west 
of the bay is land that he bought also in section 1 of Walworth, and, too, in 
section 24 of that town. His brother, Austin, and son, Moses Daniel Williams, 
settled in Walworth. His sons, Israel, Jr., Royal Joy and Festus A., came 
with him, and in the same year Henry was born. The exact birth-date is not 
told, and it is thus uncertain whether the first-born of Linn was Henry, or a 
son of William K. May, or a daughter of Benjamin Ball. 

Zenda, the one railway station and postoffice now in the town, is 67.5 
miles from Chicago and 31.5 miles from Janesville. Besides from this office, 
mail is distributed by rural delivery routes from Lake Geneva and Walworth 
and from Hebron, Illinois. 

There are two school districts jointly with Bloomfield, one with Wal- 
worth, and three are wholly within the town. The school at Zenda has two 

The population of Linn at the decennial census was: 1850, 630; i860, 
1,008; 1870, 895; 1880, 823; 1890, 854; 1900, 1.082; 1910, 1,201. This in- 
crease in the number of inhabitants for the past twenty years is mostly attrib- 
utable to the coming of families from the din and murk of the city Enormous 
to the strips of wooded highland along the shores of the lake Beautiful. These 
newcomers brought with them wealth and cultivated tastes, whence slopes so 
fair in their savage state have been made yet more sightly to unenvying eyes, 
and this without needlessly marring primitive comeliness. 


Ira Turner 1844 Solomon C Burdick 1849. '57 

Tohn William Boyd 1845-6, '73'4 William II. Lewis 1852 

Israel Williams 1847 Albert T. Wheeler 1853 

John Peter Snell 1848, '50-1 George Allen 1854-5, '63-7 




Allen McBride 1856 

Benjamin F. Groesbeck__ 1858-9, '61 

James Emery i860, '71-2 

James V Benedict 1862 

John McKibbin 1868-9 

George W. Barr 1870, '91-1902 

Amzy Merriam 1875-6 

Dwight Sidney Allen 1877-90 

John C. Brennan 1903-12 


Benjamin M. Ball 1873 

George W. Barr___ 1864-5, '68-9, '72 

George Batschelet 1912 

John C. Brennan 1898- 1903 

Charles Edwin Buell 1866-7 

Ira Buell 1854 

Solomon C. Burdick 1848, '54 

Thomas Cady 1863-4 

Charles Cornue 1858 

1 faniel I. Cornue 1845 

Jacob I. Cornue 1850-2 

Jacob S. Cornue 1858 

William lit nmdall 1877 

Edward Cullen 1876 

James Emery 1856-7. '59 

I leorge C. Gardner 1862 

John Gavin 1883-90 

Benjamin F. Groesbeck J 855-7 

John \V. Groesbeck 1847 

Hobart M. Hatch 1896-7 

Seymour N. Hatch 1844 

Warren Holmes 1853 

John Jndson 1877-82 

Vddin Kaye 1868, '72 

Addin Philip Kaye 1904, '06-11 

William J. Kaye 1878-84 

Thomas Ledger 1875-6 

Walter E. Ledger 1912 

Joseph Leedle T 9°5 

William H. Lewis ^59 

Amzy Merriam. [860-1, '66-7, '69-70 

Fordyce B. Merriam 1874 

John Murphy 1903-11 

Samuel J. Nichols 1865 

Byron S. Palmer 1894-5 

Henry T. Palmer 1860-1 

Samuel T. Powell 1849, '53 

John Powers : 1846-7, '50-2 

James S. Reek 1885-0,5 

Joseph Reek 1875 

Samuel Ryland 1844-6, '48 

Samuel Smith 1891-3, '96-1902 

Ira Turner 1849 

John G. Wilson 1863, '70-1 

Perry Wilson 1862 

Jesse Wright 1855 

Samuel B. Wynn 1873-4 


Israel Williams. Jr 1844-5 

Daniel 1. Cornue [846 

Henn Bailey 1847-8 

John McKiMiin iX.p>"5<>, '5.:. '55-7 

Abraham Kaye 1851 

( Mis K. Hale 1853 

Albert A. Thompson 1854 

Alexander II. Button 1858-90 

Charles S. Cooper 1891-2 

Artemus Alexander 1893-8 

Frank Walsh 1899-1912 




Benjamin Ball 1844 

Israel Williams 1S45 

Daniel I. Cornue 1846-50, '58 

James A. Benedict 1851 

Daniel Downs 1852-3 

Nathaniel Grout 1854 

Amzy Merriam 1855-7 

Perry Wilson 1859 

Loretto W. Fuller i860, '65 

Ira Turner 1861 

Arthur Kaye 1862 

Solomon C. Burdick 1863 

Samuel J. Nichols 1864 

Noah Merriam 1866 

N. Robert Colbert 1867 

Jonathan Powell 1868-9 

R. G. Webster 1870 

James Smith 1871 

G. Smith Conklin 1872 

Alfred Haywood J 873 

Dwight Sidney Allen 1874, '76 

William J. Kaye 1875 

Peter Gavin 1877, '82-5 

William Towl 1878 

George Rowbotham 1879 

Artemas Alexander 1880 

John Gavin 1881, '99-1909, '12 

Frank Walsh 1886-98 

George Tappen 1910-11 


Dwight Sidney Allen 1899-1903 

George Allen 1866-99 

John Raymond Allen 1894-6 

Ira Buell 1860-5 

Solomon Champlin Burdick — 1861-2 

Melvin C. Cornue 1883-4 

Patrick Cullen 1859-60 

John W. Groesbeck 186 1-2 

Silas Ingalls 1896 

H. C. Iverson 1887-8 

Walter E. Ledger 190J-9 

Allen B. McBride 1860-1 

Joseph Reek 1870-3 

Edmund F. Thacher 1901-2, '05-11 

James F. Thacher 189 1-4, '96 

L. D. Tracy 1892-1901 

Abraham Van Orden 1865-6 

James M. Walsh 1906-7 

Mahlon P. Weter 1878-81 



Town 2 north, range 18 east, was set off from the town of Geneva by 
Act of January 23, 1844, and was named Hudson. James C. and Thomas K. 
Hudson came in 1846 and William Hudson lived there before i860; but, as 
their names are not found in earliest records it is not very probable that they 
named their town. It is rather likelier that men of Columbia county, Xew 
York, chose thus to remind themselves, of their old home. A few years later 
the city of Hudson, in St. Croix county, seemed to have the stronger right to 
the name, and in 1865 the name of the older town was changed to Lyons, to 
avoid some geographical confusion. The village of Lyonsdale had been 
founded, named for ,the early settling Lyon family and, as Lyons, had be- 
come a railway station and gave its name to the township. 

Burlington and Wheatland lie next eastward, the one in Racine county, 
the other in Kenosha county. The outlets of Duck and Geneva lakes meet in 
section jo and thence White river winds its wa\ to the box and thus by the 
Illinois and the Mississippi to the Gulf. The united river affords a good 
water-power at the south side of section 10, and this was improved at an early 
time. The lowest lying rock surface, as found in sixteen measurements for 
Lyons, is in the southwest quarter of section i. 772 feet above sea level. The 
highesl measured point, near the middle of the south line of section 10, east 
of the dam, is 944 feet above sea level. Parallel ridges of gravelly soil give 
a somewhat rugged appearance to the middle belt of sections from east to 
wesl ; but these are owned and profitabrj cultivated now. as seventy years ago. 
The two northern tiers of sections are an extension of the fertile fields of 
Spring I'rairie. 

Allen Perkins ( 1S02-18S2), who had left his claim of 1836 on Turde 

creek and returned to Spring Prairie, settled in 1837 near the mill-site in 

IO, 15 and disputed with the Lyons the ownership of the water-power. 

The Lyons were Thomas ( [766 [847) and wife, Benjamina Valentine, 

heir sons. David, Isaac, Thomas and William Fletcher Lyon. The father 
and two or three of the sons came in [837 to sections II, 1 5, 22, began to build 
then dam in [838, and their saw-mill in 1840. Other settlers of 1837 were 
John Brown to section 35, Daniel Campbell to section 4, and James Curran 


to section 25. Peter Campbell came in 1838 to section 10. Ebenezer Dayton, 
Michael Farley. Thomas Fowlston (1805-1878), Tompkins Matteson, William 
Schurman, Sidney Wait and Edward Warren were of the men of 1839. 

Among those of 1840 and later years were Daniel Adams, Sebastian 
Amend, Stephen Taber Ashley, Sylvester Barnes, Campbell Barrett, Thomas 
S. Bartholomew, Harvey Birchard, Harvey Blodgett, Edwin Booth, George 
Brennan, Lewis Brown, Lathrop and Thomas B. Bullen, Charles E. Butler, 
Zenas B. Burk, Thomas Byrnes (died 1859), Joseph Cahoon, Patrick Carv, 
Patrick Carlin. Abner B. and Elias Cole. John Corley, Cyrus F. Cowles, 
Chauncey O. Cummings, James Curran, Valentine Dahler (died 1858), 
Thomas Delaney (born 1814), Daniel W. Derby, Elijah Dunn, Thomas Dyer, 
Cornwell Esmond, Michael Farley (1800-1894), Franklin S. Farnum, 
Thomas Fowlston (1805-1878), Damarius, David P. and Raymond Gardner, 
Adolph Gega, Lorenz Giese. JosiaTi B. and Russell Thaddeus Gleason, Ben- 
jamin Goodwin, Nathaniel W. Gott, Gilbert T. and Joseph Griffin, Alborn 
Hall. Harvey, Henry. Jesse, John S. and Nathan B. Hand. Stephen Heffernan, 
Thomas W. Hill, Adolph Holcamp, Robert Holley, Bartolomeus Homan. 
Stephen Houghton, Theron Humphrey, Harvey H. Ingham (died 1868). 
Thomas Ingham. Reuben Irish. Eliphalet Johnson, James Kelley, Enos Kin- 
ney (1808-1887), Franz Navier Leity, Jesse Lilly (1785-1852), Jones C. 
Locke, Leonard and Zephaniah Lockwood, James B. Martin, Reuben E. 
Maynard, Enoch Newton Miner, Enoch Waters Miner, Joel Guild Miner, 
Edward Nield. A. Sperry Northrop, William Peers, Patrick Powers, Jona- 
than Pratt. Philip Prueck. Jonas and Martin O. Pulver, Pat- 
rick Ouigley, Hugh Reed, Valentine Scheller, Stephen Skiff, Charles H. 
Smedley, Seneca Smith, Erastus Sparrow. John S. Spoor, John and Loren 
Stacy, Nelson Starke, Edward Stevens, Berthier Stork, Jesse L. and Linus 
Taylor. Henry H. Terry, Jeremiah Van Ness, Joseph E. and Russell Wait. 
Jr., Arnold and Spencer Weeks, Jacob Whitaker. Alonzo C. and Joseph Huge 
Wilcox, Edwin Williams. 

Edwin Booth (1810-1875) married Martha Turner (1811-1887). Ik- 
settled on section 8, and was later and for long one of the active business 
men at Springfield. 

Zenas Baker Burk (1814-1894), a native of Maine, came in 1842 to sec- 
tion 10. He married Mary, daughter of Amos Cahoon. It is not known how 
long he served as justice of the peace, owing l<> tin- . 1 i <■ n\ rccuni previous 
to 1859, but more than forty years. 

Daniel Campbell (1796-1879), son of John, married Mary Nichols 
(1805-1872), and came to section 4 in 1839. His son, Wesley John, and 


grandson, Lew is A., have served the town many years as clerk, and the citizens 
of the village as business men. 

Peter Campbell (1786-1854) was Daniel's brother, both natives of 
Clinton county. New York. He married Ann (1802-1883), daughter of 
Garret and Catherine Barron, and in 1838 they made their home in section 10. 

Cyrus Fellows Cowles (1820-1889) was son of Moses (1785-1848) and 
Pamela. He came in 1840 to section 5. He married Louisa (1828-1881), 
daughter of Samuel Lytle and Harriet (Campbell) McGee. 

Ebenezer Dayton (1810-1885) was son of Abram (1771-1848) and 
Levina ( 1 775- t 853 ) . He came from the Genesee valley in 1839 to section 15. 
His wife, Emily Malvina (1814-1891), was daughter of Thomas and Tirzah 
West. Two sons died in military service. 

Ezra B. Fowlston (1820-1S00) was son of Thomas and wife Hannah 
Barton. He came from Otsego county to section 3 in 1844. He married 
Almira (1827-1906), daughter of Peter and Ann Barron Campbell. 

Josiah Burroughs Gleason married Sarah Bacon, November 5, 1840. His 
farm was in section 2. 

Benjamin Gardner married Clarinda Wait, October 13, 1842. 

Adolph Holcamp (1805-1871) and wife Mary Catherine (1817-1898) 
came to section 29. 

Robert Uolley (born 1791) and Amelia (born 1798) came in 1844 to 
section 18. The family removed to Elkhorn about 1856, and later went west- 
ward. He was enrolled as an attorney, and was for some years a justice of the 

Thomas K. Hudson ( [807-1891) was born in Utica, New York. With 
wife Elizabeth (1812-1889) he came in 1846 to section 10. He had sons in 
military service. William Pludson was born 1808, died 1886. 

Erastus and Theron Humphrey were first cousins. Erastus ( 1810-1881) 
was son of Roswell and wife Ruth Gillet. His first wife was Mary Porter 
Wilcox: his second wife was named Wis. Of his children, Rosell Pembroke 
Humphrej 1 born [823 ) was long an active citizen. Theron, son of Jonathan, 
married Jane A. Barker. The ancestors of Jonathan and Roswell were Mich- 
ael 1 . Samuel " a , Isaac 1 . 

I liphalel Johnson 1 [781-1855) and wife Margery ( 17^7-1863) came in 
[842 to section 17. 

Cyrus King 1 [801-1879) and wife Margaretta 1 1806-1880) came early 
1- ilit town, [f, a- seems probable, he was a young uncle of Cyrus l\. Phelps, 
"f section 1 Gem va, he was son of Israel King and Elizabeth Johnson. His 
grave is at Springfield cemetery. 


Enos Kinney (1818-1887) was son of Luman and wife, Mary Tuttle. 
He came in 1844 to section 2. His wife was Nancy Davis. 

John Nield (1799-1849) and wife Elizabeth (1791-1865) came in 1844. 

A. Sperry Northrop came to section 13 in 1842, and married Catharine 
M., daughter of William F. and Catharine Pulver Lyon, December 21, 1843. 

Patrick Quigley (1800-1870) married Catharine Chetham (1806-1877) 
and came in 1843 to section 23. 

Joseph Ellicott (1821-1885), Russell, and Sidney Wait were sons of 
Russell Wait and Mercy Booth. Joseph E. married Elvira J. (1822-1899), 
daughter of Spencer Weeks. Russell, Jr., married Adeline Herrick (1823- 
1902). They went to California, where both died. 

Arnold Weeks (1811-1897), son of Levi Weeks and Anna Arnold, was 
born in the valley of the Mohawk. In 1832 he married Hannah, daughter of 
John Sperbeck and Anna Springstein. In 1842 he came to section 7. 

Spencer Weeks (1797-1859) was son of Samuel Weeks and Lydia 
Williams. His earlier ancestors were George, 1 William, 2 John, s William, 4 
Hezekiah. 5 Hence, Spencer was of the seventh generation in America. He 
married in 1817 Elvira (1798-1883), daughter of Thomas and Sophia 
Dimock. In 1843 he came to Lyons, section 4. where his ten children grew 
up to make some mark in the history of the town and county. 


The settlement at the mill soon gave promise of increase and multipli- 
cation, and in 1843 tne postoffice of Lyonsdale was established with Thomas 
Lyon, Jr., temporarily in charge. In 1846 William F. Lyon and Martin O. 
Pulver equipped the saw-mill or built anew for grinding, and, with succes- 
sive improvements added, the mill is yet at work. Its ownership passed to 
John Bullen, Frank Holborn, Perez H. Merrick and William W. Vaughan, 
Matthias Schenk and Peter Strassen, Strassen's heirs, and to Joseph J. 
Heiligenthal. The Lyons flour long had ready sale at home and else- 
where, but the general transfer of flour making to the upper Mississippi val- 
ley and to the larger cities of the West, has left to this, as to many another 
mill, only local grists and feed-grinding — which is still enough to make the 
1 1 ms mill good property. 

It was known, at least as early as 1855, that the railway from Racine 
would pass over the somewhat higher ground northward. Early in 1856 the 
track was laid from Burlington to Delavan, and thence to Beloit in the fall. 
The new station, on the northern side of section 10. is about two-thirds of 


a mile from the mill. Lyonsdale had not yet become too unwieldly to move, 
and its business with its later increase of population gathered about the 
station, which a few years later dropped a syllable of its name. The station 
is 46.6 miles from Milwaukee and 85.2 miles from Chicago. Like other sta- 
tions on this line, it became an important shipping point for grain and live 
stock. One item of its business was for a time rather noteworthy, namely, 
that of calf-buying for the veal trade — the slaughter of innocents. It was 
not long ago told in a daily newspaper that one buyer's shipments 
amounted to five hundred calves or carcasses yearly. Of course, these were 
of the lower grades of cattle, and were brought to the station in part from 
other towns. 

The village has about two hundred and fiftv inhabitants, a bank, a hotel, 
three churches, a good school house, a convenient town-hall, and the needful 
number of stores and shops. Its streets and roads are well kept and its walks 
are of concrete. Bridges, in town and village, are substantially built of iron 
and cement. The village lies on both sides of the railway, and looks every- 
where clean and homelike. The Methodist and Lutheran churches are of a 
long familiar style of village architecture, and. are kept in the good order, 
outwardly, observable all about the village. The Methodist society, organ- 
ized in 1840. built its church in 1857. The Lutheran society was founded 
in 1868. The Catholic parish of St. Joseph was formed in 1867 and soon 
built a church, which has given place, in 191 o, to a larger and in every way 
liner building, of pressed brick, with stained glass windows, and all within 
and without in harmony. This parish lias also a cemetery in section 15, 
about a mile southward. 

Tlie State I'.ank of Lynns was organized in [909. with a capital of ten 
thousand dollars, owned by fifty-three stockholders, mostly residents of the 
town. Its officers were and are: Edgar A. Weeks, president; John Wagner, 
vice-president; Wilbur G. Weeks, cashier; Josephine Host, assistant cashier. 
The hank has now a good building of its own. with suitable equipment for 
its business. 

The village was platted in [868 for twenty-one proprietors: Zenas 1!. 
Burk, Mis. \iin Campbell, Sumner Chapin, Ela Cone, Ebenezer Davton, 
James I', Frazer, Wi ( '. Goodrich. Nathan lla/en, Joseph ]■'. I lost. Julius 
Host, Thomas K, Hudson, [saac B. Merriam, James Moran. Robert Open- 
shaw, Joseph T. Pendleton. Charles E. Phinney, John Robilliard. John 
Strassen, Peter Strasseni \lma Taylor, Richard B. Winsor, Mrs. Taylor 
( \-'u 1N0S1. was wit',- of Jesse L. Taylor, Esq. 1 [793-1881 1. 



The highway from Lake Geneva to East Troy, by way of the village of 
Spring Prairie, is crossed by the railway 2.8 miles west of Lyons, on the 
south side of section 7. This road was for many years, before and after a 
station was made there, an important mail route, and hence a convenient 
point for retail trade, grain and wool buying, and lumber-selling. In the mid 
seventies considerable shipments of dressed poultry were made, largely to 
Boston buyers. Changes in the industries of the county, with consequent 
effects on the business of villages, have checked the growth of Springfield, 
though it is not yet a wholly deserted village. A fire in 1910 destroyed the 
station building. After more than a year of delay it was rebuilt, better than 
before, and this with a long line of wide cement platform shows that Spring- 
field is yet of some importance to the railway company Amid the discontin- 
uances of small postoffices the office at this place remains as one of the fourth 
class, indispensable for local and northern service. That part of the road 
between the station and Lake Geneva, about three and one-half miles, is a 
stage and mail route on which three trips are made daily, from the lake. For 
many years Ansel Knowles (died August 19, 1875), of Lake Geneva, made 
these trips through sunshine, rain and snow, and became well and favorably 
known to thousands of passengers. 

The village was platted by Henry T. Fuller in 1855. There was once 
a prosperous cheese factor}- there, a hotel, and an Episcopal chapel, the 
service of which was supplied in turn by the clerical and lay professors from 
DeKoven Hall. Racine College. Among the more easily recalled active busi- 
ness men were Edwin Booth, Edwin Moorhouse, and Asa W. Phelps. 

Among the few events which disturbed or enlivened the quiet routine of 
Lyonese life were two which may warrant a few words here. But it should 
be understood that there were and are somewhat varying versions of both 
these affairs, namely, the Neiheisel war and the Robins bridge case. Bal- 
thazar and Barbara Neiheisel ("both born in 1820) came from Germany to 
section 25, and by i860 had eight children. The father learned English but 
imperfectly, and his mind had become somewhat unsettled. A traveling 
agent had gone that way. about 1859, and would not see that neither himself 
nor his goods were welcome there. A quarrel arose, incoherent except for 
some pulling, pushing, and striking, and the agent complained to Jesse Tay- 
lor, justice of the peace. A warrant for Neiheisel's arrest was given to 
Sumner Chapin. who called Ebenezer Dayton. Rathbone R. Fellows, and 
Ralph Taylor to help him, and moved in pursuit of his plain duty. Mr. 


Neiheisel, who seems to have understood little or nothing of the object of 
this invasion, resisted to the extent of firing on the party and wounding Mr. 
Fellows. The arrest was made, an examination held, and the poor man was 
lodged not in the jail but in the crazy wing of the county house. Rumor 
carried all this, enlarged and embellished, to other towns, and for years 
thereafter the Neiheisel war was a topic on which men might be as witty as 
they could, at the expense of the town, its local court, and its constabulary 
force. The state afterward voted a sum of money to compensate Mr. Fel- 
lows for his injury in faithful service. Two of the old man's sons, Moritz 
and Peter Neiheisel, enlisted in the reorganized First Infantry, one of the 
most serviceable regiments of the Civil war. Moritz served three years and 
Peter until he was discharged for disability, — a record for the family worth 
remembering at Lyons and elsewhere. 

In 1873 the circuit court at its February term, after a trial by jury, en- 
tered a judgment in favor of Henry Robins against the town of Lyons for 
one thousand two hundred dollars damages and one hundred dollars and sev- 
enty-two cents costs. Mr. Robins had been hurt by or at a defective bridge 
or culvert, and his cause was taken into court by Capt. John A. Smith, of 
Lake Geneva, and Ithamar C. Sloan, of Janesville, with Dr. Benoni O. Rey- 
nolds as medico-surgical witness. Horatio S. Winsor, of Elkhorn, appeared 
for (he town. The result affected the town's vote at assembly district elec- 
tions for several years afterward, for Smith and Reynolds were then lead- 
ers in district politics. The case seems to have been one in which law was 
on one side and equity on the other. The men of Lyons, at least, thought 
the injury was much overpaid by the sum awarded the sufferer. The town 
builds and maintains many bridges, now all of steel, and a similar court- 
cause is not likely to occur again. 

There are nine school districts, of which one is a joint district with 
Bloomfield, one with Geneva, and one with Geneva and Spring Prairie. 
The school at Lyons village has two departments. 

The town receives its mail from the offices at Lyons and Springfield, and 
by two rural routes from the first-named office. 

The county clerk's statistics for 1910 show that there were 22,619 acres 
of land in the town. (About five acres of section 31 is included within the 

101 ite limits of Lake Geneva, ami thus subtracted from Lyons.) True 
value of land Si.;i |.,200, or $66.95 l K ' r ;u ' ri ' The crop-acreage, as returned, 
was: Barley, [80; corn, 3,062; hay, -'.757; oats, 3,056: orchard, 104; po- 
tatoes, 99; rye, 99; timber, i-7l (l - "heat, 172. Number and value of live 
Stock: 3,049 rattle. $70,300: 6o_> hogs, $6,500; 607 horses, $52,300: 1.488 

p, $4,500. Seven automobiles were valued at $1,600. 


The several federal censuses have shown the population: 1850, 1,189; 
i860, 1,338; 1870, 1,312; 1880, 1,312; 1890, 1,328; 1900, 1,298; 1910, 

It is rarely that two successive censuses give exactly the same figures, 
as in 1870 and in 1880. It is quite possible that some small percentage of 
error affects all enumerations of population, and many another statistic 
statement besides. The villages were not enumerated separately from the 
town, but Springfield has about one-half as many inhabitants as Lyons, 
with less present tendency to increase. 


Reuben Rockwell 1844, '48. '54 

Lewis Brown 1845 

Zenas Baker Burk 1846, '50, '55 

Thomas Worden Hill__i847, '49> '56 

Charles Leander Gillette 185 1 

Hiram B. Read 1852-3, '58-61 

Ebenezer Dayton ^57 

Ethan B. Farnum 1862, '73-4 

Ezra B. Fowlston 1863 

Enos Kinney 1864-6 

Richard Barney Winsor 1867 

Cyrus P. Taylor— =.„_ 1 868-7 L '75 

John Brown 1872 

William Meadows. 1876-8, '84, '94-5 

Joel B. Smith 1882-3 

Joseph Holcamp '85-6, '92, 1901-2 

Charles Spoor_i887, '93-4, "99-1900 

John Greenwood Meadows 1888-90 

Thomas Tracy 1891 

William E. Farley '09-11 

William C. Dodge 1903-4 

Frank Scheller 1905-6 

Joseph E. Schaefer 1907-8 

Fred Batchelet 191 2 


Caspar F. Amborn : 1872 

Fred Batchelet 191 1 

Joseph Berto 1846 

Joseph Brickner 1912 

Valentine Brown 1880-1 

Zenas Baker Burk 1849, 'S 1 ' 2 

Wesley John Campbell i868-'7i 

Levi Cole 1845 

Henry Curran 1885 

William C. Dodge 1887-90 

Anton Emerling 1868-71. '75 

Abner Farnum 1873 

Ethan B. Farnum ' 1872 

Luther Farnum 1844 

William Forbes 1854 

Ezra B. Fowlston 1853, '62, '64-5 

Reinhard Friese 1901-2 

Charles Getha 1900 

Charles Leander Gillette 1852 

Watson W. Gott 1896-7 

Harvey B. Hand ^54 

Jesse Hand 1844 

Joseph Holcamp 1882-4 

Andrew J. I lost 1867 

3 8o 


Erastus Humphrey 1846-7 

Roswell Pembroke Humphrey.- 1857 
Spencer E. Johnson_'55- '58-60, '62-3 

Cyrus W. King 1850 

Luman Kinney 1845 

Martin W. Kinney 1874 

Henry B. Locke 1848 

Vernon O. Loomis 1908 

August Luedtke 1910-11 

George S. Malsch 1903-4, '09 

Otto Miller 1912 

Edward Moorhouse 1873 

David Olp 1877-8 

Robert Otto __. 1905 

Daniel Pierce 1849 

Patrick Powers 1861 

Richard Powers 1886 

Christian Prasch 1874, '79-81 

John Prasch 1866 

Philip Prasch 1861 

Perry Lewis Purdy 1856, '58-60 

Joseph Ouigley 1876-8 

Hiram R. Read 1850-1 

Frank L. Riggs J 893-5 

Joseph F. Schaefer 1903-4 

Frank Scheller 1898-9 

Joel B. Smith 1875 

Charles Spoor 1885-6 

Dr. John Stacy 1847 

Charles Stoehr 1906-7 

Cyrus P. Taylor 1866-7 

William A. Towslee 1864-5 

Thomas Tracy 1882-4 

Lester S. Vantine 1853 

August Vorpagel 1891 

Charles Vorpagel 1896-7 

Julius Vorpagel- 1892-5, '98-9, 1901-2 

John Wagner 1887-90 

Russell Wait 1855-7, ' 6 3 

G. Vernon Weeks 1876 

Lewis Spencer Weeks 1848 

Martin W. Weeks 1900 

Willard E. Weeks 1905-8. '10 

Thomas H. Wilcox 1892 

Absalom Williams 1891 


Lewis Ferris 1844 

^mos Kinney 1845 

Solomon Champlin Burdick 1846 

Zcbina Houghton 1847-8 

\\ illiam Penn Lyon 1849 

Lathrop Bullen 1850-1 

Lorenzo I low Fonda 1852-3 

\-a C. Goodrich 1854 

Thomas B. Bullen 1855-6 

Zenas Baker Burk 1857-7S 

Wesley John Campbell iSjq-^o 

George Vernon Weeks 1891 

William G. Fowlston 1892-3 

lewis A. Campbell 1894-1912 

.Mr. Lyon became chief justice of the Wisconsin supreme court. Mr. 
Burdick was later of Linn, and Mr. Houghton of Elkhorn. The Campbells 
were father and son. Mr. Fowlston was a soldier of the war for Cuba Libre, 




Erastus Humphrey 1844 

Isaac Lyon 1845-6, '54, '56 

Theron Humphrey 1847-8 

George C. Smith 1849 

Lewis Ferris 1850-2 

William Forbes 1853 

Gilbert T. Griffin 1855 

Eli K. Pickett 1857 

Sumner Chapin 1858-9 

Rathbone R. Fellows 1860-7 

Joseph E. Host 1868-70 

Hiram B. Reed 1871 

Charles G. Healy 1872 

Joseph T. Pendleton l ^>73 

Almon D. Goodwin 1874 

George S. Holmes 1875 

John Hicks 1876-80 

Julius S. Host 1881-4 

Joseph T. Flanders 1885-7, '92 


Horace Cole 1888-90. '93 

Henry Erdly 1891 

Dwight H. Cole 1894 

Eugene Dodge 1896-7 

Winthrop G. Weeks 1898 

Loyal E. Reed 1899-1900 

Frederick Vorpagel 1 901-7, '11 

Frank Riggs 1908-10 

Jacob J. Verhalen 1912 


Sebastian Amend 1860-1 

Frederick Batchelet 1904-11 

Abram Booth 1866-7 

Edwin Booth 1859-60 

James Elverton Brett 1894-1900, 

'04-8, '10-12 

ZenasBaker Burk 1852-80, '82-95 

Wesley John Campbell 1879-90 

Stephen C. Chappell 1864-5 

Richard Fagan 1874-5 

William E. Farley 1885-90 

Ethan B. Farnum 1870-1, '74-5 

Joseph Taylor Flanders 1895-1901 

Emerson Ralph Gibbs 1874-87 

Charles G. Healey 1895-6 

John Greenleaf Meadows 1903-7 

Giles G. Reeve 1893-1910 

Joel B. Smith 1878-82 

John Syng Spoor 1863-6 

Joseph Alfred Strassen 1 903-4 

Henry B. Towslee 1880-5 

William Underwood 1901 

Theodore Weeks 1892-5 

Absalom Williams 1891-2 

Arnold D. Williams 1897-1900 

Henry A. Williams 1902 

Charles D. Winsor 1907-11 

Rev. Benedict J. Smeddinck (1820-1881), then of the parish of St. 
Francis de Sales, Lake Geneva, came in 1868 to organise twelve families of 
Lyons as the congregation of St. Joseph, and began at once to build its 
church. This was a frame building, thirty-two by forty-eight feet, floor 


dimensions, at an outlay of one thousand seven hundred dollars; and a par- 
sonage, ten by twenty-four feet, was built beside it. Father Smeddinck, a 
builder of churches, divided his time for four years between the parishes of 
Lake Geneva and Lyons. For twelve years from 1872 service was supplied 
at Lyons by priests at New Muenster (St. Alphonsus), at Lake Geneva, and 
by Capuchin fathers at Milwaukee. Among those from St. Alphonsus were 
that well tried soldier of the Cross, Rev. Franz Xavier Pfaller (1831-1892), 
and Rev. Leonard Blum. Rev. August Gardthaus was resident priest from 
1884 to 1888, after whom came Rev. Charles Drees, under whose direction a 
school house was built at cost of seven hundred dollars. Rev. William Lette 
came in 1890. staying two years. After a short vacancy service was resumed 
by Rev. Cyrus Kufner, who came from Milwaukee on alternate Sundays, be- 
ginning in March, 1873. Rev. John Diebold, an eminent scholar and author, 
became resident priest from 1894. In his pastorate a new parsonage was 
built at cost of one thousand two hundred dollars. Rev. Henry John Korf- 
hage served at the altar from 1898 to 1902. 

Rev. Frederick J. Hillenbrand was sent here from Kenosha in July, 1903, 
and the next year a new school house, its cost three thousand dollars, replaced 
the old one. Under direction of two Sisters of the Order of St. Francis, 
forty pupils are taught in all the study courses of the eight grades of public 
schools and instruction in the German language is given to such as wish it 
In 1910 a wholly new church was built at expense of twelve thousand five hun 
dred dollars and furnished at nearly one thousand dollars. The parish now 
has about fifty families, among which are some of the most substantial of the 

In 1856 a mission was established in section 34. a nearly five-mile ride 
due southward from the village, and was named St. Kilian's. Its service was 
for long supplied by Rev. Carl Josef Franz Schraudenbach and others of New 
Muenster, occasionally by priests of Lake Geneva, and for the last quarter- 
century by those of Lyons. The parish has about twenty families of Lyons 
and Bloomfield. Father Hillenbrand, a well-trained and true servant of the 
church, goes to the little chapel in the fields every Sunday, let the weather lie 
whal it may. 

Tin- Methodist Episcopal society of Lyons was organized early and a 
church was built at the village in 1857. The names of the earlier clergy are 
not clearly shown, but those of Joseph C. Parks, Aurora Callender, and Joseph 
M. Walker, without dates, are followed, with occasional vacancies or uncer- 
tainties, by those of John H. Hazeltine. 1858-9; John Edwin Grant, 1861-2; 
W. Carver, 1863; G. A. Smith. 1864-5; William Sturges. 1866-7: William 


Averill. 1868; S. M. Merrill. 1869; Andrew J. Mead, 1871 ; Joseph Hayden 
Jenne, 1872; Gideon W. Burtch. 1873; Samuel C. Thomas. 1874-6; Rossiter 
C. Parsons, 187 — ; Alonzo Mansfield Bullock, 1880; John Howard Brooks, 
1881-2; Wilson J. Fisher, 1883-5; George W. White, 1886-7; I. M. Wolver- 
ton, 1888-9; William R. Mellott, 1890-1; Robert Davidson, 1892; Mark A. 
Drew. 1895-7: Orlando P. Christian, 1898; John J. Lugg, 1899-1900; Edgar 
J. Symons, 1901-3; George Kenneth Mclnis, 1905-7; Jeremiah H. Hicks, 
1808; David N. Phillips. 1909: Forest H. Woodside, 1910. 


Postmasters at the old village of Lyons were Thomas Lyon, Dr. John 
Stacy, William Fletcher Lyon, Lathrop Bullen, Seth P. Hall. After 1856 
were Ebenezer Nicodemus White, Hamilton D. Brown, Wesley John Camp- 
bell. Giles G. Reeve, Peter Strassen, Jr., 1885, Horace Cole 1889, Andrew P. 
Prasch 1893, Joseph A. Strassen 1896, Dwight H. Cole 1897, Thomas H. 
Wilcox 1902, Joseph A. Strassen 1909. From 1893 to ner death in 1896 
Cecile Aurelia Cole, daughter of Horace and Aurelia Celestine (Pendleton) 
Cole, performed the work of the office. 

At Springfield the postmasters recalled were Edwin Booth, Ethan B. 
Farnum, Edward Moorhouse. Asa K. Phelps, Harry C. Olp, John Abbott. 



Town 3 north, range 15 east, was at first included in largest Elkhorn. 
At an extra session of the territorial Legislature by an act dated August 18, 
1840, this town was made a part of Whitewater. Five months later, Janu- 
ary 12, 1841, it was set off as the town of Richmond. Among the first-comers 
to the town were Thomas and T. Perry James and Robert Sherman, from 
Richmond, Washington county, Rhode Island, and their influence, just then, 
was sufficient to place another Richmond in the field of American geography. 

Glacial action left the town of uneven surface, but not more so than other 
towns. The high ground of eastern Whitewater is continued through north- 
eastern Richmond and thence irregularly southeastward to the state line in 
Bloomfield ; but it nowhere becomes hills. A large part of Rock Prairie, its 
elevation eight hundred and ninety-four feet above sea-level, lies in the south- 
western part of the town. Turtle lake, its greatest length about one mile and 
average width about one-third of a mile, lies at the meeting of sections 11, 
12, 13, 14. There are small glacial lakes, or large pot-holes, one each in sec- 
tions 4, 9, 10. Turtle creek, the only noticeable stream in the town, flows 
from its lake southwardly with double curvature to Delavan. where it turns 
west ward and with another sigmoid flexure crosses Darien and thence to the 
Rock. In its course through Richmond it crosses sections 14, 23, 26, 35. 36. 
It is bordered by a large marsh, now about to be reclaimed. 

There was an incipient village, with postoffice. at the southwest corner 
of Whitewater, where a town-line road meets a county-line road. It was 
named I tier's Corner, and its church was and is on the Richmond side of the 
two highways. There is a church, a well-kept cemetery, a store, and a post- 
office — named Richmond, at a meeting of roads in section 17 — but as vet no 
village there. Not a mile of railway, either steam or electric, touches the 
town, but the roads to Delavan and Whitewater are excellent, and Richmond 
trade 1- of appreciable value to both of those cities, — and by deliverv routes 
>m each it receives mail. 

rhere arc eighl school districts, one jointly with Sugar Creek and one 
with Whitewater. The Interests of public education here as in the other 
town- have been influenced and directed b) men and women who know 


well the true foundation of an American community. .Manual work, busi- 
ness, and religious organization are indispensable; but the American child 
receives its first and lasting impulse toward fellow-citizenship in the school 
room and on the school play ground. 

Morris F. Hawes left Michigan in 1837 and coming by way of Chicago 
and the valley of Rock River reached section 1, August 1st, and thus began 
the civilization of Richmond. He also bought in section 3. In the same year 
Perkins S. Childs came to section 17, Thomas James to section 34. Andrew 
and Arthur Stewart to section t,^- The next year brought Joseph Compton 
and Charles Hamilton to section 5, George E. James to section 33, T. Perry 
James to section 34, Ira Sanborn (1805-) and Cyrenus Wilcox to section 5, 
and John Teetshorn to section 6. 

William Campbell. Joseph and James Gorham Humphrey, Isaac and 
Stephen Keech, Simeon W. Newbury, Joseph Prentice, and Anderson Whit- 
ing came in 1839, settling on sections 5, 6, 7, 18. 

In 1840 and thereafter; among the advance guard were Gilbert S. Able- 
man. John Almy (1791), Varnum Arnold, John Arvedson (1798-), John 
Balfour. Albert Barton, Elijah Belding. Harrison Bishop (in 1844), Silas 
Bishop, John Allison Bowen. Joseph and William Bowman, Andrew and 
Richard Bradt. James Cameron (1803-1879), William Carpenter. David A. 
Christie, John Clague (1802-1886). Charles Claxton, Robert M. Cockrell, 
David and James Compton, Asa Congdon (died 1850), Warren Congdon, 
James Connelly (1817-). James Cotter, Daniel Cross (1794-1878) and wife 
Mercy, Christopher J. Dockstader, Freeman Emerson, Morris Ensign, Solo- 
mon Finch (1809-1882), Jones Gage ( 1 789- 1 868 ) , Emery and Irving Gage, 
Jared Hall (1813-), Joseph Hall (1802-1878), William Hatton, Henry C. 
Hemenway. Henry Hess (1817-), Lewis J. Higby, Seth Hill (1781-1858), 
Kinner Hollister, Elisha Hulce, Jasper and Norman Humphrey. Fenton and 
William Hurd. Joseph E. Irish, Amos Ives (1823-1896). Horace James. Alvah 
B. and Peter Johnson, Lyman Jones, Horace B. Kinne, John I. angle v ( 1818- 
1865 ). John Langworthy, John Lester, five Loomers, Abram < '•. Low ( [818-), 
Henry McCart (died 1847), James McKay, Thomas M. Martin, James Mat- 
thew-. Andrew Mills. Edward Mitchell (1809 (890), James Moflfatt, Ambrose, 
Robert 1 [810-1869), and Sylvester Moore. Charles J. and John C. Morgan, 
Elisha Newell, George Osborne, Joshua Parish. William Patterson (1806- 
[875), George W\. Lemuel and Zebulon Paul. John ami Richard Pemberton, 
Oliver Perkins (1800-), Harvey Prentiss ( 1821-), Benjamin, John and 
Nathan Rand, Edwin M. Rice. James Robinson (1814-), .Alexander Rowley, 


James Sanford, George, Joseph, Oliver H.. and Peter Smith, Henry Grover 
Smith (1810), Nathaniel C. Smith (1796-1878), Isaac Spicer. Samuel Stew- 
art. Rial H. Thomas, Russell Thurber. Jr., Silas J. Weaver, Alden, Daniel 
Tennev, Joseph R.. and William Wilkins — four brothers, or, father and three 

Elijah Belding, also named among settlers of Darien, married, April 18, 
[839, Mary, daughter of Thomas James and Dorcas Perry. 

Perkins Silver Childs (1811-1848) left widow Lydia A. (1818-1874). 
David Christie (1812-1893) married Jane Stewart (1822-1896). Joseph 
Compton (1808-1895) married Lucina (1806-1868), a sister of Kinner 

Charles Claxton (1817-1902), son of John Claxton and Mary Turner, 
married in 1837 at London, Mary Ann (1813-1884), daughter of Benjamin 
and Martha Quinton. They came in 1845 to section 9. He left a widow 
named Laura A. He had two daughters : Mary Ann. wife of Robert Knilans, 
and Martha M., wife of Josephus Borst. 

Warren Congdon (1820-) came from Rhode Island to section 26. He 
married, August 20. 1845, Mary Ann Kenyon. In i860 they were of Delavan 

Christopher J. Dockstader (1810-1901) married Eliza Ann Nelson 


Lewis John Higby was in 1837 for a short time a partner with the Rock- 
wells in the settlement of Elkhorn. He bought land in section 5, Richmond, 
but he may never have left Milwaukee. 

Kinner Hollister ( 1783- 1850) was sun of Isaac Hollister and Catharine 
Newcomb. In 1805 he married Mary, daughter of Lemuel Winchell. Two 
^Mii-,. Cyrenus Newcomb and Lemuel, came to Darien. 

James Gorham Humphrey (1806 i860) married Adeline Barber. He 
was grandson of Ebenezer Humphrey and Lucy Robhins, and son of Joseph 
(1782-1864) and wife Hannah Kims. Joseph died at Whitewater. 

\lv.ih Beecher Johnson and Lyman Jones were settlers in Darien. 

Henjamin, Jonathan and Stephen, with Samuel Loonier of Lagrange, 
were brothers. Joseph Henry Loonier was son of Benjamin and Eunice. 
Leonard Loon km- married his uncle Jonathan's daughter Asenath. He was a 
son of Stephen. AH these were horn in Nova Scotia, and came early to 

John Rand 1 [819 [898) was son of Benjamin and Sarah. He married 
1I1 S . daughter of Benjamin and Eunice Loorner. 


Isaac Spicer i 1815-1888) married, August 3, 1846. Mary Alice, daughter 
of Samuel Loonier. 

Rial H. Thomas (1821-1904) married Mary ( 1823-1898), daughter of 
Josiah Jackson and Anna Case. He afterward bought a farm in section 8, 
Sugar Creek, near Millard. 

Silas J. Weaver ( 1S07-1864) and wife Sarah Jackson (1809- 1865) came 
to section 24. He left sons, themselves now old citizens. 

The Nova Scotian settlers in the northwestern quarter of the count)' 
formed a somewhat noteworthy group. They were all of New England or- 
igin, and all born in or near Cornwallis. They chose good farms and made 
them profitable : they were very much intermarried and their other alliances 
have related them widely: and their sons and grandsons were not wanting in 
time of war. Their best known family names are Bigelow, Ells, Loomer, 
Newcomb, Rand and Weaver. The late Simon Newcomb, one of the most 
eminent of modern astronomers, was of Nova Scotian birth, and must have 
had kindred of some not remote degree of cousinship in the county. 

In 1755 about seven thousand French inhabitants about the basin of 
Minas, near the head of the bay of Fundy. were deported and their homes 
made public domain. In 1760 and for a few years thereafter men and fami- 
lies to the number of about three thousand six hundred left Connecticut and 
eastern Long Island to make the depeopled province an English-speaking and 
Protestant colony ; and thus Grand Pre and its neighborhood became Corn- 
wallis, Horton, and Aylesford, in the county of Kings. The land-hungry 
grandchildren of these pioneers began within fifty years their westward move- 
ment, by way of New Brunswick and New England, and their trail now long 
ago reached the Pacific coast, where it turned northward and southward, 
toward Alaska and Mexican California. Evangeline Land never, as far as 
known, became the home of the Tory exiles of the closing years of the Amer- 
ican Revolution, many of whom went without their families to Halifax or its 
vicinity and some of whom returned twenty or more years later. 

A Methodist society was formed at Utter's Corner in 1852, of which little 
is now known. Another society was formed at Richmond centre about 1854. 
It- church was built in 1872. About that time, or earlier, its pastor was Ira 
S. Eldredge, after whom, with some omissions, perhaps, were Charles [•".. 
Goldthorp in 1875; Thomas Potter, 1878; David O. Sanborn, 1883; William 
Thomas Millar. 1884: Robert Davidson, [890; Thomas H. Garvin, 1891; 
Alfred Pomfret, 1892; John Carson Lang, 1895; William Dawson, 1898; 
Isaac Johnson, 1899; John Milton Judy. [901, It is not unlikely that the 
pastors at Heart Prairie supplied some of the vacancies. 

3 88 


Richmond contains 22.538 acres of land, valued at $1,339,600. Average 
value. $59.43 per acre. The crrop acreage for 1910 was: Barley, 2,999; corn 
3.399; hay, 2,770; oats, 1,669; orchard. 57; potatoes, 76; rye, 25: timber, 
2,424; wheat. 59. Of live stock were -2.2JT, cattle. $59,100; 1,300 hogs, 
$13,000; 463 horses, $35,900; 390 sheep, $1,200. 

At the several federal censuses the population of the town was: 1850, 
744; i860, 1,016; 1870. 1,017; 1880. 882; 1890, 799; 1900, 770; 1910, 685. 
There is a noticeable Richmond element in the population of the city of Dela- 
van, as well as in the western states. 

There are six school districts wholly within the town, a joint district with 
Sugar Creek, and one with Whitewater. 

The first election was held April 5, 1842. at the house of Perkins Silver 
Childs, which then did duty as a tavern, and town officers were chosen. 


John Teetshom 1842- '47 

Thomas James 1843-4 

James Cotter 1845-6 

John A. Bowen 1848 

Anderson Whiting 1849-50, '56-9 

Jacob M. Fish 1851-2 

Joseph E. Irish 1853 

Joseph Langworthy TK54 

Edwin Mortimer Rice 1855 

Elisha Hulce ._i86i, '63, '68-9 

William Patterson 1862 

George Brown 1864-5, 7° 

John M. Evans 1866-7 

Benjamin I'.. Freeman 1871-2 

\\ illiam Allen Knilans 1873-4 

'70. '78-81 

Andrew J. Stewart 1882 

Amos Ives 1883-4 

Stephen H. Smith, Jr. 1885 

Frank .Mitchell 1886-7 

William H. Stewart 1889-90 

John Piper 1891-2 

Austin R. Langley !893-5 

Henry H. Calkins 1896-7 

John W. Delaney 1898-1901 

Cyrus II. Taylor 1902-4 

IU iny Byrne 1 905, '08 

Rober! J. Harris -906-7 

Edgar M. Davis 1909-10 

William L. Teetshorn 1911-12 


Varnum Arnold 1861. '64-5, '67 

John M. Balfour 1849 

I homas Bingham 1871 

Richard Booker 1878 

I 11 ■ Irotz J 909 

George Brown 1860, '68-9 

Joseph II. Brown 1866 

William Henry Calkins 1895 

David A. Christie 1S51 

Andrew Clark 1855 



Benjamin Clark 1870-1 

John D. Clark 1910 

Bernard Conry 1901 

Julius H. Converse 1874 

James Cotter 1848 

Edgar M. Davis T 9°5-7 

Christopher J. Dockstader 1852 

Byron Dunbar 1889 

Solomon Finch 1858-9, '63 

Benjamin B. Freeman 1873 

Frank A. Gage 1898 

Irving H. Gage 1900 

Luther Hadley 1888-9 

Joseph Hall 1847 

Robert J. Harris 1902-4 

Frederick Harrison 1893-4 

Morris Fant Hawes 1844 

James Hennessy 1874 

Emory C. Holbrook 1890-1 

John Holbrook 1864 

Manly Holbrook 1856-7 

Elisha Hulce 1849. '53-4 

Stillman A. Hulce 1892-3 

Joseph Humphrey 1842-4 

Joseph E. Irish 1850 

Amos Ives 1878-80 

George E. James x 857 

Thomas Perry James__i847, '53, '81 

Thomas O. Johnson 1895-6, 1900 

Orrin Keech 1911-12 

George G. Keith 1909 

James G. Kestol 1877, '79 

Horace B. Kinne 1845 

Horatio N. Lawrence 1858 g 

Cornelius Low ^56 

Chester Lyman 1853 

Duncan McFarland 1908 

George McFarland 1872-3, '83 

William Mack 1869 

Ammett E. Mason 1862 

Frank Mitchell 1886 

Joseph C. Mitchell 1882, '99 

Robert Moore 1851 

Sylvester Moore 1848 

Albert H. Morse 1862, '65-6 

Charles M. Morse 1894 

Oliver H. Oleson 1890, 

1905-7, 'io-n 

Oliver Oslock 1881 

William Patterson 1842-3 

John Pemberton 1862-3, '&7 

Emil Pinnow 1901 

John Piper 1887-8 

Lewis Saxe 1876 

Cyrus H. Searles 1884-5 

Joseph Smith 1875 

Oliver H. Smith 1854-5 

Sidney L. Smith 1870 

Stephen H. Smith 1850, '60-1 

Julius Steenson 1875 

Arthur Stewart 1845-6 

James M. Stewart 1896-7 

William H. Stewart 1885-6 

Henry A. Stone 1868, '82 

August Stork 1902-4, '08, '12 

George Sturtevant 1872 

Cyrus H. Taylor 1887 

William R. Taylor 1876-7. '79 

Horatio X. Teetshorn 1846 

Louis Teetshorn 1880, '84 

William L. Teetshorn ^99 

Rial II. Thomas 1891-2 

Fugene Webber 1897-8 




Wi Congdon 1842-4 

John A. Bowen 1845-6 

Jacob M. Fish 1847-8 

John Langley 1849, '60-2 

William Fish 1850, '52-3 

Stephen H. Smith 185 1, '57 

Erastus Porter 1854-5 

Benjamin H. Stark 1856 

John M. Evans '58-9, '63-4, '68-71 

Andrew Stewart 1865-6 

Benjamin Clark 1867 

Frank Mitchell 1872-4, '84-5 

Stephen H. Smith, Jr 1875, '~j~, 

'79, '82 

Joseph Mitchell 1876 

Robert Knilans 1878, '80-1, '83 

Ambrose B. Hare 1886-8 

George Myron Holbrook 1889-1912 


Perkins Silver Childs 1842-3 

James Cotter 1844, '51-2 

Robert Moore 1845-6 

Simeon W. Newberry 1847 

Curtis Bellows 1848 

Edwin Mortimer Rice 1849 

William Fish 1850 

George E. lames 1853 

John M. Clark 1854 

1 ..urge Brown 1855 

Abram G. Low [856 

Albert 11. Morse 1S57. '62 

John Pemberton 1858-9 

Henry O. Crumb [860 1 

Arthur Bowers T 863 

Joseph Smith iNi.| 

J. H.Jones [865 

Henry V Stone 1866 

Elisha E. Sholes 1867 

Sidney I.. Smith 1868 

Benjamin Clark [869 

Julius I). Spickerman 1870, '77 

Calvin Graham Sperr) 1871, '74-5 
Robert Knilans [872 ; 

George Newberry 1876 

Austin R. Langley 1878, '80 

S. Markham Calkins '879 

Ole Peterson 1881-2 

Irving A. Gage 1883-4 

Byron Dunbar 1885 

William Henry Calkins 1886 

George Myron Holbrook 1887 

Frank A. Gage 1888 

Charles Knilans 1889-1900 

Stillman A. Hulce 1890 

Andrew P. Peterson 1891 

Chauncey H. Lawrence 1892 

John H. Campbell 1893-4 

Raymond W. Pemberton 1895 

William J. Delanev 1896 

1 dgar M. Davis 1897 

Andrew Williamson 1898 

Cornelius Shanahan 1899 

Bert Keith 1901 

Harry II. Osborne 1902 

Minor Knilans [903 

Frederick Goodger 1504 

George Crumb 1905 


39 1 

Charles Staller 1906 

George Goodger 1907-8 

Frank Kemmett I 9°9 

William Stork 1910 

Alfred Thompson 191 1 

H. M. Anderson 1912 


Andrew Amble 1890-4 

George Brown 1862-5 

Alenzo W. Chapman 1872-3 

George Cheesebro 1875-6 

John D. Clark 1905-8 

Charles Claxton 1860-3, 

•71-4, '76-87, '89 

James Conley 1872-3, '83-4 

William Dasson 1899-1900 

Albert B. Gage_ 1885-8, 91-2. '97-1912 

Chauncey D. Gage 1886-97 

Roswell H. Gage l &77 

Arthur Gransee 1907-8 

Joseph Hall 1859-62 

James Harder 1 874-5 

Edgar A. Holbrook 1898-9 

Amos Ives 1884-5 

Thomas O. Johnson 1903-4 

Joseph B. Kestol 1897-8 

Charles H. Lawrence '893-5 

Henry D. Locke- 1877-9, "8 2 -3> '88-91 

Silas B. Lowe 1875-6 

Julius Dewitt Spickerman_i88o, '82-3 

Andrew J. Stewart 1893-4, '96-7 

Ray W. Taylor 1898, 1904 

Orrin L. West 1865-70 



Town i north, range 15 east, was set off from older Delavan, March 21, 
1S43, and was named from the town of Sharon in Schoharie county, Xew 
York. Next westward is Clinton, Rock county, and southward are Chemung 
and Leroy, in Illinois. As a whole the town is one of the highest above sea- 
level in the county, hut with noticeable difference between highest and lowest 
ground. Small branches of Turtle creek drain the northern and western sides 
of the town, and the Piskasaw comes into section 24 from Walworth, runs 
across sections 25 and 36 to find its way across McHenry and Boone counties 
to the Rock. Two small mill-powers were once afforded by the south branch 
of the Turtle, in sections <> ami 7. Generally, the town compares favorably 
with the finest towns of the county as to the fertility of its soil. Its timber 
supply, mostly burr oak, was never great, though locally useful. 

The land area of Sharon is 22,498 acres. Crop acreages for 1910 were: 
Barley, 2,679; beets, 20; corn, 4,561 ; hay. 3.384; oats, 2,281 : orchard. 70; po- 
tatoes, 116; rye, 58; timber, 962; wheat, 71. Returns and value of live stock: 
3,560 cattle, $89,000: 1,555 hogs, $16,800; 942 horses, $65,900; 2 mules, 
$200; 500 sheep, $1,500. Value of land with improvements $2,108,600 or 
$93.72 per acre; of village property S720.200. 

Population of the town, at the several federal enumerations: 1850. 1,169; 
1 Si 11 1, [,68] ; 1870, 1,865; 1880, 1.956; 1890, 1. 160: 1900. 1,127; i ( )io. 1,050. 

John Reader came late in [836 to section 2~ and broke ground in the 
spring of [837. In the fall he brought, his wife and child from the east, but 
settled "ii section [8 of Walworth. Other early comers were Myron Aucham- 
paugh to section to; James E. Bell, 31 ; David J. Best, 17; John Billings. 9; 
Dearborn Blake, 28: Henry A. and Isaac R. Case. 14: Augustus Conder, 26; 
John Kirby, 33 ; Gideon Langdon, 13 ; Darius B. Mason, 13 ; James McConkey, 
1 : !■".. ( '. L. Reynolds, 36; Man \lonzo Southard, 2^: John H. Topping, 2; 
Win. I). Van Xostrand. 33; Michael Van Winter. 17: William Van Wormer. 

31- * 

Buyers at the land office were Pliny Allen, sections 6, 3 1 ; William P. Al- 
len. 30; John Auchampaugh, 9; James Haines, 3,2; Valentine Bassert, 27; 
Ralph Bentley, 35; Harvey Birchard, 27: James Boorman, 12. 13; Philander 


Brainanl. 30; Joseph Carey, 6, 22; William Case, 12. 14: Cyrus Chapman, 31 ; 
George and Philip Clapper, 7. 18; George Cline, 15; Stephen A. Corey, 19; 
James Cox, 8; Henry Amirous Darrow, 5; Ira Davis, 32; Edmund Daws, 1, 
12; Peter Daws, 1 ; Henry Dennis, 31 ; Giilbert L. Douglass, 34; Charles G. 
Everts, 9: Cyrus Farnsworth, 4; Thomas Featherstone, 24; Walter Flans- 
burg. 13; David D. W. France. 8, 9; John France, 29; Isaac Freer, 34; Aaron 
Gile. 30; Elijah Gile. 20: Andrew J. Hanna, 3; Fulton Harvey, 36; John 
Brooks Hastings. 4: Henry S. Hawver, 35; James Herron. Jr., 29; Manning 
R. Hoard, 26; Erastus Park Jones, 3; Peter Kolb. 15: William Kitely, 9; 
David W. Larkin, 20; Zebulon Taylor Lee, 28; Hugh Long, 3, 14; Elisha 
McCollister. 32; John Malley, 24: Albin Matteson, 24; John J. Mereness, 3; 
Philip Merrill, 19; Theron Miner, 5, 6, 7; Robert Kennedy Morris, 26, 2~. 28; 
Martin O'Connor, 6: Lemuel Ormsby, 8; Eli and William Pramer, 19; David 
Colwell' Reed, 36: Alvah Salisbury, 36; Dewitt C. Seaver, 9; Lyman H. 
Seaver, 28; Luther Schult, 36; Horace G. Smith. 36; Jedidiah Smith, iq: 
Nelson Story. 25; James W. Suidter. 27: Luke Taylor, 3: George Treat. 36; 
Gardner Udell, 36; Martin Wan Alstyne, 34. 35; John V. Walker. 10; Nor- 
man Spencer Way, 5; Lewis Weeks, 23; John and Michael Weiss, iy\ Wil- 
liam H. Wells, n; Cyrus L. Wilcox. 34; David Wilcox, 23, 30; John Wil- 
liams. 28; Marvin Wilson, 24: George Winter, 17; Robert Young, 13; Adam 
Zimpaugh, 1 1 . 

Pliny Allen (1788-1868), one of five brothers who founded Allen 
Grove, was not nearer than cousin, if related at all, to William P. Allen, who 
was son of John Allen, of Jefferson county, New York. 

James Earle Bell married Chloe Electa Van Nostrand, June 6, 1 84 1 . 

Dearborn Blake married Esther Van Ostrom, January 8, [843. 

James Cox married, December 11, 1858, Minerva, daughter of Alfred 
Miles and Thankful Norton. 

Ira Davis (1805-1893) married Elizabeth A. Stevens (1820-1896). 

Henry Dennis ( 1813-1897) married Margaret Smith ( 1820-1898). 

Cyrus Farnsworth (1807-1895) was burned in his son's, Joseph M. 
Farnsworth's, house in Darien. 

Thomas Featherstone (1816-1863) married Catherine Pramer. Novem- 
ber 3. 1844. and lived in Walworth, where he died. 

Walter P. Flansburg (1816-1887) had wife Catharine (1819-1896). 

William France (1808-1882) came in T843 to South Grove with his wife, 
Elizabeth Kent. 

James Herron (1792-1876) married Hannah Whitney (1791-1874). 
Both were of Washington county, New York. 


Manning R. Hoard (1818-1897), son of Manning and Prudentia, came 
from Allegany county, New York, in 1843 with David E., his brother. Man- 
ning R. married, November 30, 1845, Lydia Ann (1826-1898), daughter of 
Philip Burton and Nancy Quackenbush. 

Peter Kolb (1809-1857) married Margaret (1822-1897), daughter of 
Friederich and Marie Bauer. 

Albin Matteson (born 1813) married, first, Philena Stockwell; second, 
on Christmas day, 1845, Sarah, widow of Warren Matteson. 

John Reader (1803- 1878) came in 1824 to the States from Headcorn, 
Kent, England, with his wife Elizabeth Featherstone (1803-1868) ; late in 
1836 to section 2y, Sharon; a year later to section 18, Walworth; in 1864 
to Delavan. He was a member of the Baptist society of Walworth and was 
known by his title of deacon. 

James W. Suidter (1824-1872) was born at Middlebrook, New Jersey. 
His parents, Franz Xavier (1783-1867) and Antoinette (1785-1866), were 
born in Bavaria. His wife was Teresa Conder (1827-1911). 

George Treat (1818-1882) was son of Oren Treat and Nancy Thomp- 
son. His older ancestors were Thomas , Timothy 5 , Richard 4 , Thomas : \ 
Richard- '. He married Sarah C, daughter of Thomas and Lucinda Fos- 
ter. I lis brothers, Julius Allen and Thomas Nelson, and their cousin, Dr. 
Charles Ralph Treat, were also long of Sharon and, excepting T. Nelson, 
were buried there. 

Martin Van Alstyne (1809-1884) and Rebecca Kline (1811-1879) were 
apparently among the last who were buried at the old cemetery, within the 

Michael Weiss died August 12, 1880; George Winters, September 7, 
1881 ; Adam Zimpaugh, May 27, 1867. 

Michael Van Winters began business at Sharon Corners, in sections 13, 
i.|. J. Jones built a tavern, and in 1843 Isaac Case became postmaster. The 
office was afterward named Elton, and was at last merged in the rural deliv- 
ery system its mail supplied from Sharon. 

S<>uih Grove, too, at sections 17. 20, for a time aimed at commercial su- 
premacy, without definite limit to its ambition. David J. Best built a store 
and began service as postmaster in [845. A church was built and a cemetery 
was laid muI \\ lien the line of railway from Chicago was determined through 
us 34, 33, 32, jo. 30 tin' growth of these rival cities was checked by the 
foundation of a new village at the station in section 33. 



Pliny and Sidney Allen came from Rochester, New York, in 1844, and 
having reached the western border of the county in their search for a favor- 
able site on which to build a village of their own, they bought more than one 
thousand acres' of land, mostly in sections 1 of Clinton, 6 of Sharon, and 31 
of Darien, on the high ground west of the south branch of Turtle creek. In 
May, 1845, they came again with their brothers, Harvey and Philip, Jr., 
bringing also their families and three or four more, unrelated mechanics, 
sixty-five in all. They lodged at Darien the aged father and their sister and 
others not hardened to the work of chopping and building, quickly made ready 
their cabins, and Allen's Grove at once became a village. In July Philip 
Allen, Sr., died. In August a religious society was formed. The next year 
brought the eldest brother, Asa Keyes Allen, his son, Dr. Joseph C. Allen, 
and son-in-law, Ezra P. Teale, all from Ypsilanti. These two younger men 
built a store and stocked it with general goods to the amount of six thousand 
dollars. In that year Preston H. Allen was born, but it is not told who were 
his parents, whether he was a son or a grandson of one of the brothers; and 
in that year Preston W. Smith married Frances Schofield. Mary Wallingford 
taught the rudiments in a room over the store. In 1847 a public school house 
was built. 

The village was formally platted in [852, with Clinton street, its northern 
u'mit. lying along the Darien line. With the coming of the railway from 
Racine, in 1856, Sidney Allen platted his addition on the Darien side. The 
railway buildings were for some time at the foot of the hill (which rises 
quickly westward and southward), near the creek. The grade westward was 
found inconvenient for heavy freight trains, and after some years the station 
w'as removed nearly a mile westward, several rods beyond the county line. 
This did not of itself destroy the village prosperity, but it transferred the 
railway men's inconvenience to local passengers and shippers. As first sur- 
veyed, the Chicago & Northwestern company's line from Harvard to 
Janesville lay through or near Allen Grove; but. as it is told, the right of way 
through the large Allen domain was thought too costly. It is somewhat doubt- 
ful it" that alone changed the route, for Clinton is on the natural nearly straight 
line from Harvard, through Sharon village, to Janesville. and on the whole 
the loss to Allen Grove has been a slight gain to travelers. 

An academy was built in 1850, but link- is now recalled of its story. Mr. 
Parks was the first principal and the last was Melzer Montague, who in 1870 
became county superintendent of schools and the academy became a public 


sch' ml of two grades. In 1909 a new building of white brick, at cost of three 
thousand dollars, replaced the old one. 

The village as platted shows eighteen streets. Milwaukee street is a part 
of one of the territorial roads from Lake Michigan to Beloit. Union Park is 
a pi etty square of three acres. The village site was well chosen and the Aliens 
were not very illiberal proprietors, but their advantage in 1845 was l° s t m 
1856 by the growth of Darien, 4.2 miles eastward, and of Clinton, 4.5 miles 
westward. As it was, a hotel, a few stores and shops, a mill, an academy, 
two churches, and a few hundred inhabitants made Allen Grove fair to look 
upon. It is not now a deserted village, and it has yet a postofnee at one of its 
two stores. This office was established in 1846. with Philip Allen as post- 
master. He has been followed by Aaron Budlong, Dr. John Dickson, Ezra P. 
Teale, Mrs. Eliza Wilkins, Edward D. Hall, and the latter's widow, Mrs. Har- 
riet A. ( Burns) Hall. 

Samuel B. Morse, with the help of Charles W. Morse, his father, of 
Kennebec county. Maine, built a steam sawmill at an early date and sold it in 
1856 to Pier J. Anderson, who built a dam and equipped the mill for grind- 
ing. After some years of local usefulness it passed to successive owners, the 
records of whose several transfers fill considerable space. The mill's busi- 
ness, the mill itself, and the dam disappeared in turn. 

In [875 a freshet washed away the railway bridge and some rods of 
embankment, carrying along a few freight ears across the lower fields. Parts 
of this wreck are vet lo be seen, nearlv two miles down the stream. 

Robert Pearson (or. by another account. Joseph Tierce) built a saw- 
mill on the same creek, about two miles above, in section 7. Jesse Pramer 
made it a grist mill, which has long ago ended its work. 

A few of the colonists met at Pliny Allen's house in 184; and formed a 
Congregational society. Rev. Samuel Hopkins Thompson preached occa- 
sionally — out of doors in warm, dry weather. He came again as pastor in 
1864-5. A church was built in 1852. As nearly as learned of the pastors. 
the first was Calvin Waterbury in 1849. The few later ones named were 
Benjamin Folts, 1853-4; Cornelius White. [859; Ebenezer Putney Salmon. 
r86o-4; Albert M. Case, [876; Luther Clapp, 1878-8!. No later record is 
shown by the Year Book of the denomination. The church was probably 
supplied at limes from Sharon and other places. The building was sold some 
years ago to the Modern Woodmen and was finally pulled down. 

Rev. Hiram II. Kersey 1 [812 [884) ministered for a few years to the 
then ■small group of Methodists, and in 1858 organized them as a societv. 
Their church was built in [859, in which year Alexander 1 [all was their pastor. 


after whom were Thomas White in i860; William Averill, 1862; Cyrus 
Scammon, 1863; Rodman W. Bosworth. 1864; David Oliver Jones, 1868; 
Joseph Hayden Jenne. 1869; Asahel Moore, 1871 ; William H. Window 
(1814-1886) 1873; Thomas C. Wilson, 1875; William Darwin Ames, 1878; 
Thomas Potter, 1881 ; Edward H. Lugg, 1882; William R. Mellott, 1885; 
John W. Olmstead, 1886; Benjamin T. White, 1891 ; Frederick B. Sherwin, 
1895; George W. Pratt, 1897; Isaac Johnson, 1898; Richard H. Jones, 
1899; Thomas Sharpe, 1902; Samuel Lugg, 1904; Henry H. Kafer, 1905; 
Wilmer Evans Coffman, 1906; Charles J. R. Bulley, 190 — ; Robert H. Simp- 
son, 191 1. Jerome F. Tubbs was assigned in 1882. but did not come. Mr. 
Lugg stayed but a half year. Air. Window was buried at Allen Grove. Local 
recollections as to dates vary slightly from each other and from conference 
reports. Memory, no doubt, has sometimes confused a temporary supply 
with a regular assignment. 

The only resident lawyer mentioned was the senior Archibald Wood- 
ard, who w r as also active in other business ways. The local court was not 
always idle, and the hall of justice not seldom re-bellowed from its ceilings 
and walls the thunders of eminent counsel from Delavan and less known 

The official list for the town of Sharon is nearly complete — supervisors 
for 1865 and 1866 not shown. In a few instances, here as in other towns, the 
person elected did not serve, and the person who, as understood, performed 
the duty, is named instead. 


Henry Smith Young 1843 Walter Stocking 1864 

Edward P. Conrick 1844-5 John Mereness 1867, '70 

Pliny Allen 1846-8, '55 Julius Allen Treat 1872, '75-9, '82 

David Wilcox 1849, '58 Wilson R. Herron 1873-4, '80-1 

Darius B. Mason 1850 Jeremiah Daniels 1883-5, 89 

Dr. John Dickson 1851 Robert Pearson 1886-7 

Samuel Wood Voorhees J 852-3 Jonas B. Wise 1888, '90-3, '97 

Henry Dennis 1854, '68 Samuel P. Ballard 1894-6 

George Mansfield 1856-7 Harry II. Foot 1898-1904 

Favette P. Arnold 1859-63. Edward \. Peters 1905-12 

'65-6, '69, '71 




Charles Adams 1888 

Charles Allen 1862-3 

Fayette P. Arnold 1854 

Benjamin F. Avers 1911-12 

I (earborn Blake 1843 

John S. Burrows 1851 

Jay G. Callender 1855 

Joseph ( onley 1 870-1 

Jeremiah Daniels -1867, '79-82 

I fenry I >ennis 1853. '67 

George D'ensmore 1857-8 

Langdon J. Filkins 1847-9 

Harry H. Foot 1896-7 

Nathan (hie 186] 

Marcellus B. Goff 1850 

David F. Hoard 1849. '57 

Manning R. Hoard 1868 

Edward lluher 1912 

Morris Isaacs 1880-1, '85 

Eugene Kitely [904 

Philip Kline 1896, '99 

Martin Luther [886 

George Mansfield 1852. '63 | 

I mi- \. Matteson km i 

Garrett Mereness 1872, '79 

John Mereness 1850 

Derick V. Milmine 1854 

Carlostian B. Miner 1861 

James H. Miner 1900-3 

Joseph H. Osmond 1 905-7 

Edward A. Peters 1897-1904 

Christian Pramer 1845 

William F. Randall 1905-10 

E. C. L. Reynolds 1846 

Alvah Salisbury 1847 

Jacob Shager 1888 

Charles A. Sikes 1885 

George Sikes 1869, 'j^-S 

Walter Stocking 1856, '59, '62 

Jared H. Topping T 875"7 

Josiah Topping 1846 

David Tuft 1908-10 

Frank Wan Horn 1898 

Henry Van Horn 1851 

Samuel Wood Voorhees 1856, '70-1 

David Wilcox 1844-5. '48. 53 

George Winters 1843-4, 5-- 

'69. '73-4. : ?S 

Jonas B. Wise 1895 

William Wolcott 1887 

Archibald Woodard, Jr. 1886-7 

Justin Wright.1855, '58-9, '64, "68. '72 


I - tat \ .ni \\ erl So erson 18 1.3 

David Larkin 1844-5 

Luke O. I.add 1846 

William P, Mien 1847-52, 

'55-7. '6o- 1 . '63 4, '66 79 

|.i\ G. Callender '^53-4 

John Goodland iS;N 9, '62 

Orla W. Doolittle 1865 

Samuel P. Ballard 1880-7. '89 

I harles I. Ripley 1888', '90-5 

Clayton !•'.. Rogers 1896 

William 11. Pellington 1897 

Barton W. Hall 1898-1903 

George Heman Mereness 1904-12 




John H. Topping 1843-4. '46-7 

Walter Flansburg 1845 

Alonzo McGraw * 1848-9 

David E. Hoard 1850-1 

John Mereness l &S 2 -?> 

James W. Suidter 1854-5 

Philo G. Spencer 1856 

Michael Ivnaub : 1857 

Joseph Stam 1S58 

Benjamin F. LeValley 1859 

Samuel C. Saunders 1 860-1 

Garrett Mereness 1862 

John Goodland 1863-4 

William V. Clymer __, 1865 

William Humphrey 1866-7 

Jacob Staley 1868-9 

Charles A. Bronson 1 870-1 

George Pramer 1872 

Horace B. Howell 1873-4 

Dr. Charles Ralph Treat 1875 

Albert L. Mason 1876 

Cassius F. Arnold 1877-8 

W. Edgar Mereness r 879 

William S. Hamlin 1880-1 

Amasa D. Truax 1882 

John Rogers 1883-4 

William Knaub 1885 

Henry F. Truax 1886 

Derick V. Milmine 1887 

Burgett Banner 1888 

Henry Wolfram 1889 

Jesse S. Weaver 1890 

John C. Mereness 1891 

David McDonald 1892. '94 

Charles H. Burton ^93 

Clayton E. Rogers 1895 

Edward A. Wolcott 1896, '98 

Frederick Horick 1897 

Edward Roth 1 890 

Calvin M. Budlong 1900 

Rufus Cooley 1901, '09 

Joseph Engelhardt 1902 

George W. Markell 1903-8, '10-12 


William V. Allen. 1 860-1, '64-5. "67-85 

Salmon G. Arnold 1861-2 

Oliver R. Bailey 1907-8 

Herman C. Beardsley 1901 

Noyes E. Bennett 1863-6, '70-2 

A. Taylor Bloclgett 1909-10 

George R. Borst 1904-7 

Calvin M. Budlong 1897-1900 

Miks Chaffee 1867-9 

George M. Cory 1896 

Dr. John Dickson 1868-9, 7 2 ~5 

Howland Fish 187' > > ^ 

John Goodland 1857-8, '62-3 

William S. Hamlin 1889-94. 

'96-7, '99-1900, '02-1 1 

William Humphrey '82-3, 

'85-6. '98-1902 

Wallace [ngalls 1884 

Martin Kelhofer 1908-11 

1 llysses Grant Kitely 1902-3 

Albert ( '. I .rP»arron___'75, '87-8, '90-5 

Benj. F. Le Valley 1889-96, 1901-11 

Allien L. .Mason 1860-3 

Dariu- B. Mason (2d) 1888-91 


Dr. David G. Morris 1870-73 Julius Allen Treat 1865-6 

Livingston E. Parker 1901-2 Clayton H. Underbill 1895-6 

Edward II. Perring 1897-8 William H. Winters 1894-5 

Ra\ L. Rumsey 1902 Williams S. Winters 1899 

Mm. hi Schellenger 1883-4. 'S<-- Archibald Woodard, Sr. 1866-7 

Warren A. Stanbro 1884-5 Archibald Woodard. Jr. 1876-7, '79-86 

Frank S. Stupfell 1899-1901 

(Bailey, Blodgett, Hamlin. Humphrey, Parker and Stupfell were jus- 
tices tor the village). 

A school house was built in section _'. and occupied in 1841. Besides 
the schools at Allen Grove and Sharon, the town has six district schools, 
and there are two joint districts: No. 4. with Darien and Walworth, and 
No. 13. with Clinton. 


Alan A. Southard ami William D. Van Nostrand came to the centre of 
section 33 as early as 1 S4 _• . but not to found a city. In 1855 the Chicago & 
Northwestern Railway Company's surveyors laid its line from Harvard to 
Janesville through this section, and fixed the locus of its station seventy-one 
mile- from Chicago. Robert Campbell, a man of Oshkosh, bought forty 
acres and platted the village. The rails were laid to Janesville in 1856. In the 
-aim' year George Milmine built a store and in 1857 Seymour Rice built a 
hotel. In 1S5S a postoffice was established, with John Hodgson among the 
mail sacks. William 1'. Allen relieved him in 1801 and gave way to Wilson 
R. I lerrou in 1 86S. Edward Bilyea followed, then Mr. Herron again, 
Frank L. Menu about [893, Clayton II. Underhill about 1897, Frank C. 
Densmore from 1005 till now. This office has two free delivery routes, 
which suppl) the greater part of the town, a small part of Illinois and a 
smaller part of Rock county. Harry II. Bidwell, first railway station agent. 
died December 13. [859. Dr. Reuben Willson was the earliest resident phv- 

About [848 .1 school house was built within the later village limits. 
Additional provision was made as needed, and house and grounds are now 
valued at twentj five thousand dollars. The high school began in [878, with 
\V. V Germain as principal Rev. lame- G. Schaefer bad moved the men of 
Sharon, m [866, to active interest in advanced education. In 1S07 the Sharon 
Vadeim was built and was opened in December with nearly one hundred 
pupils, under direction of Mr. Schaefer and Prof. E. S. Chadwick, of 


Beloit. This school closed in 1878, after an active and useful career, and 
the high school soon resumed this temporarily suspended work. The public 
school house was burned in 1880, rebuilt in 1884 and extended about 1908. 
Its total value, with broad grounds, is about twenty-five thousand dollars. 
Nine teachers are now employed. 

In connection with his academical work Mr. Schaefer began in June, 
1868, to publish the Sharon Mirror. At the end of 1869 he sold it to C. C. 
Hanford, from whom it passed in January, 1871, to Samuel P. Ballard. It 
was discontinued in September following. Before the end of that year 
George F. Brigham, a man in many ways useful to his fellow citizens, began 
to edit and print the Gazette, which he discontinued in September, 1873. In 
that month J. C. Keeney began anew with the Inquirer. He was a native of 
Connecticut and a thorough printer. Most of his work was done by himself 
and a young son, Clarence. In September, 1876, Clarence R. Conable bought 
the office and in 1878 moved it to Delavan. After three weeks interval, in 
August, 1878, James H. Phelps and George F. Ziegaus put forth the Re- 
porter. In 1890 the firm was Phelps & Howell: in 1892 George F. Ziegaus; 
in 1906 Ziegaus & Son; in 1908 Fred C. Fessenden ; and is now the Reporter 
Publishing Company. This paper is independent politically. Its predeces- 
sors were generally Republican. 

Very Rev. Martin Kundig established St. Catherine's mission in 1846. 
Its services were supplied for more than sixty years by priests of other par- 
ishes — notably for twenty years or more from the church at Elkhorn. A 
chapel was built in 1896, and a church in 1910. Father Hermes came as- 
resident priest, for a few weeks, in 19 10. and after him Rev. Thomas Pierce 
in 1911. 

Nineteen members constituted the Congregational society in 1868, and 
a church was built in that year. Rev. James G. Schaefer, with a \cw others 
of the Lutheran church, were among the organizers of this society. The pas- 
tors, as nearly as known, have been Isaac Barker, 1870; Albert A. Young, 
1871 ; Albert M. Case, 1875; Thomas A. Wadsworth, 1878; Luther Clapp, 
1879; John Mitchell Strong, 1882; John Harris. 1884: Arthur McCalla 
Thome, 1885; John Scholfield, 1887; John Sabin, 1890; Daniel R. Grover, 
1891 : William Millard, 1893; Frederick M. Hubbell, 1895; Carl D. Thomp- 
son, 1896; Thomas Kent, 1900; Robert J. Locke, 1902; H. Samuel Fritsch, 
1904. The society became too weak in number to continue long after 1904, 
and in nil 1 their building was sold for conversion to other use. 



Rev. ( ieorge F. Brigham. then a layman, assembled a little group of 
Episcopalians and acted as their reader. The first full service was in 1868 
by Rev. William E. Wright, then of Janesville. Before building their chapel, 
in [879-80, the members met at a dance hall, at the railway station. — at 
which Mr. Brigham was for many years agent, — and at the Lutheran 
church. Mr. Brigham received deacon's orders June 11. 1876, and May 27, 
i'i"-'. he was fully ordained as a priest, and is still in the service of the 
chinch, though full of years. From the beginning he has kept a minute 
account of parish affairs, and his well-stored memory preserves some un- 
written record of many other things that might otherwise be lost to such as 
find interest in the men and events of nearly a half century. He was born in 
(830, and might be regarded fairly as Sharon's "grand old man." 

\ number of residents of the town met at Martin Van Alstyne's house. 
September i~. [845, to organize the First Evangelic Lutheran church of 
Sharon. Its name was chosen, its synodical connection fixed upon, and offi- 
cers elected. Its first yearly meeting was held at the same place. September 
28, [846, Rev. Marcus \V. Empie presiding. He read his commission from 
the Lutheran board of missions of the Franckean synod, and was received as 
pastor. At a special meeting, October 9. 1841). it was resolved to build a 
chapel which should he opened freely for the use of other orthodox denom- 
ination-. It was further determined to accept Mr. Van Alstyne's gift of two 
.Hies of land and to build thereon at the line between sections 34 and 35, 
about eighty-five rods from the state line and a little more than one and one- 
half miles from the present village. The chapel was ready for its use in 
[850. Between [856 and 186] it was moved to the village and remodeled, 
and has since been kept in excellent repair. Before 1866 its service was not 
continuous. It- pastors have been Mr. Empie, [845-1852; Rufus Smith. Jr.. 
[856-186] : Henry L. Dox, 1863. Continuity began with James (i. Schaefer, 
t866; 1. cander ford. [868; Mr. Hammond, [875; Dr. David Harold Snow- 
den, [878; Jacob W. Thomas. 1NS1; J. 11. Weber, [887; I. J. Delo, [889; 
Luther I.. Lipe, 1891 : Leander Ford (again), 1897; William J. Spire. 1902; 
rhomas B. Hersch, [904; William F. Harnett. [906-1912. This is an Eng- 
lish-speaking congregation. 

\ German-speaking Evangelic Lutheran society was formed about 
[897, and its ehurch was built in 1003. Its pastor list and dates of service 
are but partly known: 11. R, Roehr, Mr. Schert, Gerhardt F. Kuehnert. 
las B. Hersch, 1005: Herman V Steege, [906; George F. Hack. [907; 
B ii' '\\ in charge. Each of these churches has its comfort- 



A Methodist Episcopal society was constituted in 1843 at South Grove 
and was for some time supplied by circuit riders. In 1856 it built a church 
at Sharon village and has since improved it and provided a good parsonage. 
Its clergy list begins with Hiram H. Hersey about 1856, after whom Thomas 
White. 1857; Stephen Smith.. 1800; Andrew J. Mead. 1861 ; William Page 
Stowe. 1863: Daniel C. Adams. 1865: A. C. Manwell, 1866; Clark Skinner. 
1868; William H. Sampson, 1869; Xorvall J. Aplin, 1871 ; J. C. Robbins, 
1873: Daniel Brown. 1S74; A. J. Brill, 1875; A. A. Reed. 1877; Samuel C. 
Thomas. 1879: Samuel Reynolds, 1880: Charles B. Wilcox, 1881 ; Andrew 
J. Benjamin, 1883; Joseph Anderson, 1884; Frank A. Pease, 1885; Stephen 
A. Olin. 1888: Payson W. Peterson, 1891 ; William A. Peterson, 1893; 
Elvardo C. Potter, 1896; Sabin Halsey, 1898: William Clark. 1899: J. 
Thomas Murrish, 1902; Andrew Porter, 1903; George W. White, 1906-12. 
It may be seen that a few of these performed duty at Allen Grove. 

Joseph M. Yates and Howland Fish began business as private bankers 
in 1874, with capital of ten thousand dollars. A few years later Mr. Fish 
gave place to George C. Mansfield, and yet later Mr. Yates and Mr. Mans- 
field became respectively president and cashier of the Sharon State Bank, and 
are still in these positions. This bank's capital has become twenty-five thou- 
sand dollars and its deposits are nearly three hundred thousand dollars. A 
steam grist mill was built in 1875 ' 3 >' James Ashley, with the help of liberally 
subscribing citizens. It was large enough for local needs, having four runs 
of mill stones. John Ladd bought a half interest in 1879, the other half in- 
terest owned since 1878 by Mrs. Mary A. Slocum. This mill has long been 

The village found good water for public and private use at depth of 
six hundred and ten feet. Since 1905 the streets, stores, and homes have 
been lighted from gasoline works. Cement with sand and gravel is in gen- 
eral use for public walks, as in all the cities and villages of the county. 

The first cemetery is now well within the village, and has long been 
disused and is mostly vacated. A wild growth of tree, shrub, vine and weed 
now makes it difficult to explore their tangled thickets in quest of the few 
old headstones still remaining. Apparently, a quarter century is sufficient 
for nature to hide he fore she wholly erases the signs "I" human effort to care 
becomingly for the dead. A newer and well designed and cared-for cemetery 
lies on high ground, a mile northward. The liberality of citizens, singly and 
in societies, has provided a cemented walk, four feci in width, for the whole 
distance. In this work the women of the church societies took the lead and 
bore the greater share of its cost. This ground has at least one distinctive 


feature, in that it is unshaded by tree, shrub, or flower. Nothing but its 
monuments obstructs the lawn-mower and sickle of the care-takers. This 
last home is now well peopled, and there one may read the names of many 
of the fathers and mothers who left the eastern world to plant in fairest 
wastes till then unplowed. 

Young men of the town or village have gone forth to find larger use- 
fulness elsewhere. Among these was Capt. John T. Fish, who began a 
lawyer's practice at the village and ended it in the higher ranks of his pro- 
fession at Chicago. His son. Frank M. Fish, a native of the village, went 
to Racine and became judge of this circuit. John Goodland is at Appleton 
and is judge of the seventh circuit. Scott Ladd, a son of John and Sarah 
Ladd, is a judge of the supreme court of Iowa. (Another judge of that 
.court is or was Charles Bishop, son of Matthew P. Bishop, of Lagrange). 

By a statute of 1883 the village became, in 1892, entitled to its own rep- 
resentative in the county board of supervisors. Under a later general statute 
Sharon became one of the four incorporated villages of the county. 

Members of county board: John \V. Brownson, 1892-6; John G. 
Skeels, 1897; Samuel P. Ballard, [898-1900, 1902-1906, 1908; Jonas B. 
\\ be, 1901, 1907, 1912: Wesle) C. Lilley, 1909-11. 

Presidents of the village: Dr. David Gardiner Morris. 1900'; Heman 
Allen. Him ; \ndre\v A. Lyman, [902; C. Fred W. Ruehlman, 1903-6, 1909- 
10; John Byrne, 1907: John 1. Morgan, [908, 191 1 : Wesley C. Lilley, 1912. 

Village clerks: William II Pellington, 1900: Edward H. Perring, 1901 ; 
William S. Hamlin. 1902-6, 1908-10; Daniel C. Ward, [967; G. Augustus 
Finn, 1911-12. 

\ illage treasurers: Andrew Gallup, 1900; Christian Sund, 1901 ; Jacob 
Newman, [902, [905-6; Charles II. Burton, 1903 ; Charles W. Searles, 1904; 
William |. Markcll. 1907; Fred I.. Ryder, [908; James Welch, 1909; DeFor- 

est I l\ dr. Htlo-I J, 

Principals of tin- high school: \Y. A. Germain, 1878; James Ellis. 

[880; John (i. Skeels, [882; I.. S. Smith, [885; John G. Skeels. [886; G. W. 

[893; John 1; Skeels, [895; <i. M. Sheldon. [897; E. T. Towne, 

[899; W. B. Collin-. 1001: J, II. Stauff, 1003; B D, Richardson. 1907-13. 



At the division of the county into five towns, January 2, 1838, the two 
townships, each numbered 3 north, lying in ranges 17 and 18 east, were in- 
cluded in the town of Spring Prairie, and were so joined until March 21, 
1843. when the westernmost town was set off as Lafayette. The name was 
suggested to Mrs. Abigail A. ( Whitmore) Heminway by the natural features 
of the southern half of the town — the springs being in sections 19 and 20 and 
discharging themselves into Spring brook, a branch of Sugar creek. Roches- 
ter and Burlington lie eastward. 

First settlers found about three-fourths of the township more or less 
wooded — forests and openings. Spring prairie, in the southwestern part, 
and Gardners prairie, in the southeastern quarter, have each from fifteen 
hundred to two thousand acres of natural garden. A smaller meadow, a half 
section or more in area, lies near Honey Creek, in the northeast. Sugar 
creek enters at section 7, crosses a little south of east and meets Honey creek 
near the county line at the southeast corner of section 13. The latter comes 
out of East Troy and runs nearly due southward through sections 1. 12 and 
13. Spring brook, entering at section 19, meets Sugar creek near the town 
center. Marsh creek begins in section 10. and by way of section 1 1 reaches 
Honey creek in section 12. White river winds a few miles in section 36 and 
escapes into Racine county by way of the southeast corner of section 25. 
The southern sections are drained by small southward-flowing branches of 
the White. These larger streams were in earlier days made useful for driving 
saw-mills and grist-mills. For a few miles along Sugar creek, on each side, 
the ground rises to parallel ridges which give the highway from Spring 
Prairie village to East Troy almost a down-eastern ruggedness of profile 
Limestone crops out in some of the valleys, more noticeably in sections 16 
and 36. though quarries have been worked but superficially and for local use. 
This is presumptively of the Niagara formation. Elevations above sea-level, 
at ten points of observation, vary between ju<< and 979 feet — the lowest in 
sections 36. the highest in section 5. The average height in sections 7 and 8 
is 918 feet. 


In 1910 the land area was returned as 23,007 acres, valued at $1,754.- 
900, or $76.27 per acre. Since the entire acreage of a township, land and 
water included, is 23,040 acres, it may be judged that the streams and ponds 
arc now at their lowest, or. that there is a slight clerical or printers error in 
the returns. Crop acreages were: Barley, 795: corn. 3,803; hay, 3,177; 
oats, -'.407: potatoes, [26; rye. 168; timl>er, 3.177: wheat, 270. There were 
3,459 cattle, valued at 892,900; 886 hogs. $10,300; 905 horses, $63,400; 3.783 
sheep, $12,900. 

Population: 1N50. 1.418; [860, 1.311; 1870. 1,209; 1880. 1,107; ^8go, 
[,155; [900, 1,120; [910, 1,007. The difference between the first and the 
latest of these enumerations tells again the story of other towns, a tale in two 
parts — the one of busy mills and of small local shops supporting a few me- 
chanics at "iicc hopeful village sites, and of sons who stayed at home to help 
the fathers on the farms: the other of the re-distribution of local trade by the 
coming of railways, of farms worked by machinery, and of the attraction of 
great cities and of the farther west. 

I 'aimer Gardner came April 15. [836, to section 25, and two days later 
began to build. In May he planted and sowed, and in autumn gathered. 
Solomon Harvey, Dr. Ansel \. Ileminway. and David Pratt came in that 
year to section 30. In May, too. William J. Bentley and Isaac Chase came 
to sections 28. 20. and Daniel Salisbury to section 29. Frederick T. Hunt 
came to work for Mr. Gardner. Gilman Haines Hoyt reached section 1 in 
July, and with him came Reuben Clark. Rufus Billings came in October to 
section 23, Benjamin and Benj. C. Pearce to section 36. 

Of the men of 1837 wen- ( hester Baker and sons, Edwin, Francis, sec- 
tion 10, and Purke, George and John Hell. 23; labesh T. Clement, mill- 
wright; Horace Coleman', 20. 30; William Darwin Grain. j~ : Isaiah Dike, 
27 ■, 34; William II. Dunning, 34; John Fgerton Hopkins. 1; Benjamin 
Hoyt, 1 : Avery Hoyt, 2; lames McNay, 12: Roderick Merrick. 20, 29; Ansel 
Salisbury, 34; Perrin Smith and wife Abigail. 28, 33; Oliver Van Yalin, 

lei C Vaughn, 20, Mr. Hopkins married Joanna, daughter of Benja- 

! lo\t and sister of Avery A. and ( iilman II. Hoyl 

Men of [838 were Harrj Ambler, 4: John Bacon, 28; John Camp 
Booth, 26; Richard Chenery, 26; Corbin ('lark. S; Josiah Burroughs Glea- 
son, 34; Samuel P. Jones, 31; Josiah P. Fan-maid, 12: John Martin. 24: 
Thomas VV. Miller, 29, 32; Abel Neff, 25, 34; George Henry I 'aimer. 12: 
Josiah 1 I. Puffer, 27; Louis Schmidter, 4; Erastus O. Vaughn, 11 ; Jeremiah 
Walker. 17; D.miel Wbituiore. 17; Dwight Whitmore, 27; Israel Williams, 


Men of 1S39: Dr. Daniel Allen, 6; George W. Arms, 26; James Baker, 5 ; 
Marcus Reynolds Britten, 15; Samuel Brittain, 11 ; Kimball Easterbrook, 22; 
George Hatter, 4; Thomas Hill, 31 ; John Mather, 5; Samuel Neff, 35; Alex- 
ander Porter, 5, 8; Silas Salisbury, 34; Selah Whitman, 1. 

In 1840: Zebulon Bugbee. John Densmore, 18; Louis Kearns, 18; Jona- 
than Leach, 31 ; Rev. Orra Martin, 23; James Mather, 5, 8. 

In 1841 : William Berry and son Mellen, 12; Charles Bowman, 6; Lans- 
ing D. Lewis, 15; Franklin J. Patton. 22; Benjamin L. Reed, 22. 

Besides these, the dates of whose coming are fixed, the following named 
men bought land of the government : Harvey Bacon in section 33 ; Luke 
Billings, 23; Robert Brierly, 8; Arthur Brown, 19; Tyler M. Coles, 17; 
Joseph Dame, 21; Elijah Delap, 34; John Flitcroft, 5; Benjamin Haight, 
11, 12; James Harkness, 18; George Healey, 4; Abiram Holbrook, 2; Ben- 
jamin Jones, George Kaiser, 7; George Kneeland, 17; William Lay, 21; 
Francis McKennan, 36; Austin L. Merrick, 21; James Monahan, 10; Jona- 
than Neff, 35; Benjamin Pearce, 6; Benj. Carpenter Pearce, 36; Lemuel 
Rugg, 7,^; William Maxwell Sherrard, 30, 31; Lemuel Rood Smith, 25; 
John Sweeney, 7; Amory Townshend, 2; William Brice Wade, 12; Bern- 
hardt Weigert, 3; Joseph D. Whiteley, 4, 9; Joseph Whitmore, 18. 

Dr. Daniel Allen (1787-1859) came from Hamburg, New York, with 
his wife, Olive English (1782-1864), to section 31, East Troy, in 1838, and 
to the next town. His son, Lucius, became a man of county affairs, and a 
daughter, Lucinda. was married first to John Mayhew and second to John 

John Bacon (1785-1865) was born at Kinderhook and came here from 
Angelica. New York. His wife was Sarah Perry. 

Robert Brierley died in 1864. 

Marcus R. Britten (4815-1890) was born at Amsterdam. New York. 
His wife was Caroline Klock (1815-1898). He was a Baptist deacon and 
opposed Freemasonry. 

Samuel Brittain (T810-1890) was born in Lincolnshire and came to the 
States in 1N34. In 1836 he was at Geneva and took a two-handed part in 
the battle with Payne's man. Schoonover. His wife was Elizabeth (1814- 
[893), daughter of Benjamin Hoyt and Susan Hayes. 

Reuben Clark married Maria Wan Yalin. September 3. [837. She was 
a daughter of Daniel Van Valin. 

l-'iah Hike (1802-1882) came from Vermont. Ili> wife was Mary 
(181 1. daughter of Samuel Vaughn and Ruth Bowker. 


Benjamin Haight died in 1866. His first wife was Alma Beach. Genealo- 
gists find Haight and Hoyt descended from the same remote ancestors, but 
there was no known kinship between Mr. Haight and the Hoyts at Honey 

James Harkness (1776-1861) had wife Mary (1783-1851), daughter 
of Joseph W'hitmore and Hannah Call. 

George Healey ( 1810-1884) had wife Hannah (1808-1885). Both 
w ere of English birth. 

Dr. Ansel Asa Heminway (1805-1895) was born in Erie county, Penn- 
sylvania, and died at Eugene City, Oregon. He had studied medicine, and 
his service was early and for long in local demand. He was postmaster 
1838-1845. His wife, Abigail A. ( 1814-1906), was a daughter of Joseph 
and Hannah Whitmore. 

John F. Hopkins died in 1867. His wife was Joanna (1813-1899). 
daughter of Benjamin and Susan Hoyt. 

Benjamin Hoyt 1 1778-1860) was son of Joseph Hoyt and Abigail. 
daughter of Samuel and Mary Flanders. Older father ancestors were 1, 
John; 2, Thomas; 3. Benjamin; 4, Enoch. In 1807 he married Susan Hayes, 
who died in 1862. leaving seven children. Of these, not before named here. 
Simon Batchelder Hoyt (1811-1861) married Elizabeth D. Cady, at Honey 
Creek. Benjamin Hoyt, Jr. (born 1829), married, first, Sarah Robinson: 
second, Alvira Kellev. The elder Hoyt was born in Deerfield, New Hamp- 
shire: his children were born at Cabot, Vermont. From their third Ameri- 
can ancestors. Benjamin Hoyt and Hannah Pillsburg, were also descended 
tin- Hoyl 1 if Allen Grove. 

Gilman H. Hoyl 1 born 1808) married Elizabeth Heath in 1831). Their 
son. Clinton D. Hoyt (born 1842), was a sergeant of Company ( '. Twenty- 
third Infantry. 

\\erv A. Hoyl 1 1824-1906) married, in 1847. Caroline M. Hoyt (1828- 
[897), hi- cousin Tristram C. Hoyt's daughter. Her grandfather was 
Enoch, son of Joseph and Abigail, Mr. Hoyt was one of the farmer- whose 
intelligence and enterprise made of Spring Prairie a segment of the garden 


Samuel P. Jenks (1809-1889). a native of Onondaga county, married 
Pamela | [808 [892), daughter of Dan Phelps and Elizabeth, daughter of 
Israel King and Elizabeth Johnson. 

1.. Kaiser 1 [810-90) was horn in Bavaria; came to the States 
in 1827: married, in [830, Margarel 11810-1897). daughter of John A. 

••it ior Taupert). She. too, was a Bavarian. 


Thomas W. Miller (1788- 1863) and wife Mary (1788- 1855) were 
parents of Mrs. Samuel Pratt. 

George Henry Palmer (1804-1873) married Sarah Langmaid. 

Alexander Porter (1803-1866) was born in Galloway (an old provin- 
cial name for the counties of Kirkcudbright and Wigton, in southwestern 
Scotland). His wife Isabella (1813-1886) was a native of county Roscom- 
mon. Ireland. 

David Pratt (1803-1877) was born in Massachusetts and died at Clay- 
ton. Iowa. Samuel Pratt was his brother and a sister of Solomon Harvey 
was his wife. 

Josiah Osgood Puffer (1814-1895) was born in western Massachu- 
setts. He was son of Samuel Puffer, second husband of Eunice, daughter 
of Capt. Josiah Osgood and Jane Byington. Her earlier ancestors were 1, 
John; 2. Stephen: 3, Hooker; 4, David. Eunice's first husband, Samuel Os- 
good, was her second cousin. Mr. Puffer's first wife was Hannah M. Whit- 
more (died 1862) ; his second wife was her sister, Mrs. Mary Hatch, who 
died in 1897. 

Louis Schmidter (1811-1881) is sometimes written in records "Smith- 
ers ." His wife was named Amelia. 

Erastus Otis Vaughn (1808-1880) was not related in known degree to 
the others of his name at Spring Prairie. His wife (born 1819. married 
1837) was Olive, daughter of Benjamin and Susan Hoyt. 

Samuel Cole Vaughn O802-1868) was a son of Samuel Vaughn and 
Ruth Bowker, the latter a daughter of Luke Bowker and Joanna Dunbar. 
His wife was Sarah Hart Mills Vose, daughter of Thomas Vickery Vose and 
Sarah Little, granddaughter of Samuel Vose and Phoebe Vickery, great- 
granddaughter of Robert and Abigail Vose. Mrs. Vaughn's mother was 
daughter of Joseph Little and Hannah Tngalls. 

Daniel Whitmore ( 1K17-1909), son of Joseph W'hitmore and Hannah 
Call and grandson of Daniel Whitmore. was born in Essex county, New 
York. His wife was Mary E. Nobles (1817-1896) Joseph ("1821-1898), 
his brother, married Sarah, daughter of Sims Edgerton and Harriet Bene- 

Rev. Benjamin C. Pearce built a frame house in 1836 and moved into 
it before the end of the year; but, for yet some time to come less pretentious 
dwellings met the first needs of newcomers. The rapid improvement of 
water-powers soon relieved a great part of the heavy burdens of building and 
of subsistence. Israel Williams built a mill forty-five by fifty feet, two- 
storied, with eighteen-foot overshot wheel and two runs of stones, at the 


springs in section 19. To this he added a distillery with capacity of about 
two barrels — a little more than he needed for household consumption. Sam- 
uel C. Vaughn built a saw mill in 1843 on Spring brook, at the northeast corner 
of section 20. John Martin 1 the judge) built a saw mill in 1846 on Sugar 
creek, which in time became a grist mill. 

Village settlement began early and hopefully at Honey Creek in section 
1. Spring Prairie in sections 29 and 30. Vienna in section 18, and Voree in 
the northeastern corner of section 36. 

Honey Creek, on the stream so named, lies partly in Racine county, 
in which part is the Wisconsin Central Railway's station. The village has 
three stores, a church, and a cemetery. Among remembered pastors of the 
union church were George H. Hubbard, George E. Moore, and Frederick 
T. Bohl. The postoffice has two free delivery routes. The school is of two 
grades, and its district is partly of Rochester. 

Vienna, on Sugar creek, was at first called Martinsburg, from the re- 
lated Martin families who settled near that point. Judge Martin's saw mill 
gave place to a good grist mill, which in 1853 became the property of Ed- 
wan! /aim, who improved it greatly and for several years made his flour 
locally famous. His sons, Cornelius and Victor, continued the business for a 
few years. The mill was disused and then burned. Winslow Page Storms 
built the Vienna House in 1848 and used it for many years as a tavern and a 
store, and as a postoffice. It long ago became a private dwelling; for men go 
to Spring Prairie to buy, to Burlington for prescriptions, and each to his own 
door or gate for mail. A little burial ground lies a bit more than a half mile 
southwest of the village, on the way to Spring Prairie and to Burlington. 
Little mure than tradition now remains of Vienna and its past and prospec- 
tive greatness. 

Voree was the creation of Jesse James Strang, who came in 1844 from 
Nam i><> and began to build a city and temple. It is not told whether he 
Found the name for bis holy city in the Book of Mormon, or whether it was 

lied to him in another way. He assembled about three hundred disciples, 
and small, of whom he was ruler, chief priest, and prophet. He ap- 
pointed a da) and hour, and September 13. 1N45. lie found his credentials 
directlj beneath a large tree, on the edge of a high bank of White river, in 
the form of three gold-colored plates on which bad been scratched mathe- 
1 and astronomical symbols. These he interpreted as a revelation and 
a heaven] nission. Eighteen more plates were found later. Laban 

Piatt, Van.,, Smith, lame- M Van Nostrand, Jared B. Whelan and Edward 
Whitcomb witnessed these revelations. He printed a new -paper, for which 


he wrote long "poems": but he did not finish his temple. In 1847 h e flitted 
with his disciples to Beaver Island, in Mackinaw strait, and in 1856 his body 
was brought for burial after a conflict with a federal marshal's force. He had 
a few relatives in the town of Spring Prairie and this, with the natural 
advantages of rich land and good water power, may have determined the 
place of the city so short-lived, of which but a few fading memories are left. 

Doctor Heminway built early in 1837, in section 30, at a meeting of 
half-section lines, one of the largest log taverns in the territory, two stories 
high. He made it in many ways useful, for he opened it for religious ser- 
vice, for other public meetings, for a store and postoffice, and for a township 
polling place. This edifice determined the site of Spring Prairie village. In 
the fall of that year Horace Coleman and J. Crawford placed a stock of goods 
in a corner of the Heminway House. Samuel Pratt and Erasmus D. Smith 
built a store in 1S44. Doctor Heminway rebuilt his house of brick in 1845. 
This house was sold in 1847 to William H. Rogers, in 1848 to Nathan A. 
Howes, in 1854 to Franklin Walbridge, in 1857 to Capt. Ezra F. Weed, its 
last landlord. It became a stately private dwelling. 

Stephen Bull and Thomas Gage built a store across the road eastward 
and they were followed by a half-forgotten line of successors, each of whom, 
in his turn, was usually postmaster. The store was extended and a wing 
added for its hardware department. It was burned in January, 1894, and 
its business and its higher function passed to a new store at another corner, 
to which place went the postoffice. 

Men of the second and later generations had made of the old hard- 
ware wing a smoking room and a kind of academic grove where each person 
was a "professor of things in general" and a receptive pupil. Their unend- 
ing debates of all that ever was, is, and yet might be were not all profitless. 
There was much general and special intelligence, wit, racy humor, and 
harmless freedom of speech at these convocations. These wordy commotions 
were in no way enlivened artificially, for no man there could remember when 
drink that rages was sold at the village. Not a few of these men were called 
hence to the seats of the mighty at Madison and at Elkhorn, and each of 
these owed this later greatness to the quickening of faculties and sharpening 
of wits among the nail-kegs, garden tools, and grindstones. Their fathers 
had disagreed sturdily in matters of church discipline and town polity, and 
Otis Preston had observed that no man who did not hate somebody was 
qualified for citizenship at the village. This «;h far otherwise with their 
heirs and successors, and the great unifying influence was the blue haze of 
the hardware wing. Men gathered at other stores in other villages to hear 


and discuss news and as it were to strike fire out of dull substances; but 
berries are not alike on every bush. The perpetual session at the store was 
the peculiar institution of Spring Prairie, unlike that which was most nearly 
like it. 

Franklin postoffice was established in 1838 with weekly mails to Racine 
and lanesville. The name must have been changed within that year, for 
Spring Prairie and not Franklin competed with Delavan, Elkhorn and Geneva 
at the choice of a county seat. As far as known the succession of postmas- 
ters with uncertain dates, has been: Ansel Asa Heminway, 1838; Erasmus 

Darwin Smith, 1845; Frank Hall, Stephen Bull, Moses Kinney, 1857; 

Graham. Martin V. Pratt. 1861: Clifford A. Pratt, George D. Puffer. Will- 
iam J. Knight, Leroy Williston Merrick, about 1804: William H. Shaver. 
Mrs. Martha M. Shaver. 

Josiah O. Puffer made and sold shoes as early as 1839. Jacob Kohler 
brought Parisian styles of men's clothing in 1843. ar >d Otis Preston brought 
still later styles, from White Pigeon, in 1846. Earliest named village smiths 
were Henry Elliott, 1840; Nathaniel H. Carswell, 1843: Harrison Arm- 
strong. [845. After these were Orman Livingston, Stephen Coats, Edson 
Merrill, James A'. Hemstead, and in 1865 Henry J. Shaver ( 1832-1912). In 
[846 and until 184N Mr. Armstrong's skill and Israel Williams's money were 
joined for the production of serviceable home-made plows and henceforward 
the village blacksmith was known to the world and to the muses of lyric and 
satiric verse as "Uncle Hat, the Plow -maker." Between 1850 and 1855 Mr. 
Lobdell made small beer and found for it a nearly county-wide sale. This 
business passed for a short time to Brewster B. Drake. About 1S74 Cyril R. 
Aldrieh began to buy. dress and ship poultry to Boston and other places. 
Ileiii\ I ). Barnes became his partner, and later the firm was made up of Mr. 
Barnes, Fdward C. Hubbard and George D. Puffer. Their shipments reached 
fifty t"ii- each winter. For a few years either way from 1880 Orris Pratt 
made vinegar for domestic and foreign consumption. 

In May, [841, steps were taken to organize the Baptist church of Spring 
Prairie and Burlington. Among the clergy who attended these preliminary 

ings wire Richard Griffingi Phipps W. Lake. Orra Martin. Benjamin 
e, Henry Topping and A. B. Winchell. The Burlingtonians withdrew 
in (843 to form a society at home. The church at Spring Prairie was built- 
in [846 by William Johnson .and James Harrington and extended as needed 
1 't unknown elsewhere ami in other denominations have so weak- 

1 tron Hi it the village that since r88l few or no pastors 

have been regularly assigned to il service. Dates of the following pastorates 


are not definitely known, but their order is nearly as shown : William R. 
Manning, 1841 ; Roswell Cheney, 1844; Spencer Carr, 1851 ; Rice R. Whit- 
tier, Cantine Garrison, Jacob Bailey, A. F. Randall, Thomas Bright, Edward 
L. Harris, A. Latham, John H. Dudley. Levi Parmly, J. C. Jackson, J. H. 
Estey, Charles William Palmer. James F. Merriam, Franklin Kidder, George 
M. Daniels, A. Freeman, J. S. Forward, about 1880. There seems to have 
been occasional supply from the pulpits at Burlington and Elkhorn. Elder 
Ebenezer Harrington, whom Mr. Dwinnell describes as an earnest, eccentric 
man. had begun in November, 1839, to prepare the way for this society. 

Congregationalists met in 1840, and among them was Mr. Dwinnell. 
They acted jointly with members at Burlington for two years. Rev. Cyrus 
Xichols ministered at first to this mission. A society was fully organized 
February 8. 1852, by Rev. Samuel E. Miner. In i860 the Congregational 
and Methodist societies built a union church, with seats for about three 
hundred persons. Its building mechanics were Scott & Nims. This church, 
too, has been discontinued, in effect, since 1881. Its pastors were Christo- 
pher C. Cadwell, 1853: Jedidiah D. Stevens, 1854-5; Avelyn Sedgwick, 
1861-2: P. C. Pettibone (from Burlington), 1863; E. D. Keevil, 1864-5; 
Sidney K. Barteau, 1866, and Charles Morgan. 

In 1837 Jesse Halstead and Samuel Pillsbury traveled and preached in 
a circuit lying in four counties and having eleven infant Methodist societies. 
These were at Big Foot. Burlington, Caldwell's Prairie, East Troy. Fort 
Atkinson. Geneva. Hudson, Janesville, Rochester, Spring Prairie and White- 
water. David Worthington preached in 1840. From that date to i860 little 
is told. Since the latter date the yearly assignments of pastors have usually 
been to Lyons and Spring Prairie together. The parsonage is at Lyons. There 
is a German Methodist church in section 2. 

Israel Williams sold one acre in the southwest corner of section 30. in 
^42, where Nathaniel Bell laid out and named Hickory Grove cemetery. Its 
area has been increased and improved, and it is one of the finest rural burial 
grounds in the county. Its first tenant was the wife of William Baumis. 

Juliette, daughter of Col. Perez Merrick, taught school in 1837 and 1838 
at the Heminway House. In the spring of 1839 a school house, enclosed with 
rough oak boards, was built at the corners, and Mary S. Brewster taught there. 
In the same year Mrs. Coleman (no longer Miss Merrick) taught near 
Gardner's prairie. There are now six districts in the town, and besides there 
are two which are joint districts with parts of Racine county and one with 
part of Lafayette. At the village the house now in use was built in 1864. The 
partial list of teachers, with nearly correct dates as to the earlier named is: 



Leander F. Frisby, 1847-8; William Wilcox, 1848-9; Mr. Paine, 1849-50; 
Frederick O. Thorp, about 1851; George W. Burchard, 1853-4; Almerin 
Gillette. 1854-5; Frank Hall, 1855-6: Frank Patten. 1856-7; Benjamin F. 
Skiff, 1857-8; O. F. Avery. 1858-9; Frank Hall. 1859 to '61; Daniel Pratt, 
[865-6; Orren T. Williams, 1866-7: Mary L. Edwards. Amanda Herkimer, 
Fred W. Isham, Rhoda Locke, May Merrick. Anna M. Greene. Alice Mo- 
loney, Patrick McCabe, Florence Shove, Edmund B. Gray. Frank Tyrrell, 
Harriet Allen. Bell Derthick. Mr. Frisby became attorney-general. Mr. 
Thorp served as state senator from West Bend. Mr. Burchard has been 
known in state affairs. Mr. Williams is now a judge of the Milwaukee 
circuit court. Miss Edwards became Mrs. James G. Kestol. of Whitewater. 
Miss Greene has since visited all quarters of the globe. Colonel Gray com- 
manded the Twenty-eighth Infantry in the Civil war. Miss Shove practices 
usterppathy at Chicago. Mr. Isham became county superintendent. Lorenzo 
D. Harvey, afterward state superintendent, once taught a select school here. 


Dr. Jesse Carr Mills [842 

Benjamin L. Pierce 1843 

Austin Leonard Merrick 1844. 

47- '52 

Lansing D. Lewis 1845 

Roderick Merrick 1846. '49 

Ephraim Foote 1848. '50 

Thomas Gage 1851, '53-5 

James McNay 1856 

Ji mathan Leach ^57 

Daniel Salisbury 1858-9 

William R. Berry i860 

Winslow Page Storms 186] 

Lucius Mien 1863, '68 

\Ihht Chamberlain 1864-7 

Mark Harmon Foote [869 

William II. Udrich [870, '96-7 

Martin V. Pratt 1871 

Alma Montgomery Aldrich __i872-7. 

Edward Decatur Page 1878-80. 

'89-90, '93-5 

Orris Pratt 1881-2 

Leroy Williston Merrick 1885-6 

William H. Hubbard 1887-8 

Barnis B. Ruse 189] 

Albert D. Whitmore [892 

Victor Zahn 1898 

< li.irles F. Aldrich 1899-T900 

William P. Meinzer 1901 

Horace Cocroft 1902 

Frederick Hemstreet T 903-5 

William G. Bartholf 1906-7 

Joseph TT. Brierly [908 1 2 


Alma M. Aldrich 1871 

I Rounds Aldrich 1883-4 

William II. Aldrich 

'69. '93-5 



Lucius Allen 1861-2 

Charles H. Babcock 1892 

Perlee Baker 1864, '66-7 

William G. Bartholf 1863-5 

George Bayer 1880, '85-6 

Mellen Berry 1863 

Henry D. Barnes 1872-4 

J. L. Brierly 1896 

John Brierly 1898 

Joseph H. Brierly 1906-7 

Daniel P. Carpenter 1847 

Abner Chamberlain 1863 

Reuben Clark 1842 

Horace Cocroft 1901 

William D. Crain 1846, '59 

Lewis G. Dame 1881 

Edward W. Dwight 1852 

Sims Edgerton 1851 

Mark Harmon Foote 1864 

John C. Gaylord 1855 

Charles P. Greene 1875-6 

William Greiner 1889-90 

Frederick Hemstreet 1902 

John E. Hopkins 1844 

Alfred Hubbard 1856-7 

Charles I. Hubbard 188 1-2 

Ogden T. Hubbard 1865 

William H. Hubbard 1878-80, 

'85-6, 1906-7 

Frank C. Humbert 1908- 11 

Avery Atkins Hoyt i860, '65-6, 

'70, -jz-t 

Durward C. Ingham 1899- 1900 

Stephen Jones 1858 

Charles N. Kingman 1853 

John A. Kneip 1882 

Josiah P. Langmaid 1846, '48 

Jonathan Leach 1848. '56 

George W. Lee 1889-90 

Archibald C. Loomis 1901-2 

James McKay 1854 

Leonard G. Marck i9°3 

Milton M. Mayhew 1887-8 

William P. Meinzer 1891, '93 

Perez Merrick 185 1 

Roderick Merrick 1843 

Henry J. Noll 1894-7. 1908- 1 1 

Frank H. Patten 1900 

Frederick Perkins 1859-61 

William Porter T887-8 

Charles H. Potter _ 1883-4 

Woodruff Potter 1863. '75-6 

Orris Pratt 1867-8 

John Rigg 1809 

Reuben J. Royce 1840 

Ansel Salisbury 1843. '45 

Daniel Salisbury 1862 

Louis Schmidter_i850, '68-9, '71, '~~ 

Lemuel Rood Smith ^47. '40 

Winslow Page Storms 1858 

Daniel F. Thompson 1878-9 

Henry Vanderpool l &57 

Samuel Cole Vaughn 1852 

William W. Vaughn 1892, 1904-5 

George Walworth 1850 

Stephen Gano West (Sr.) 1842 

Absalom Williams 1870. '74 

Israel Williams 1845 

Victor Zahn 1891 

John H. Zick 1897-8 


Daniel Salisbury 1842 Erasmus Darwin Smith 1845-6, 

Josiah Osgood Puffer. .1843-4. '57-8 '48-9, '51 



Palmer Gardner 1847 

Stephen Bull 1850, '55-6 

Thomas M. Hobbs 1852 

Wellington Hendrix 1853-4 

Winslow Page Storms 1857-60 

Benjamin F. Vaughn 1861-77 

James Nipe 1878-80 

Leroy W. Merrick__i88i-2, '98, T900 
Frank E. Anderson 1883-9 

Henry Schwartz 1890 

Charles H. Potter 1891, '94-5 

William Kingston 1892-3 

Bert Bartholf 1896-7 

George F. Bayer ^99 

William Fraser 1901-4, '07 

Bert Childs Whitmore 1905-6 

Charles F. Aldrich 1008-12 


Austin Leonard Merrick 1842 

Rufus M. Billings 1843 

Perez Merrick 1844, '48 

Orrin Elmer 1845-6 

Charles Martin 1847, '5 6 - " 6l 

Winslow P. Storms 1849, '57, "76 

Stephen Jones 1850 

James Utter 1851 

William D. Grain 1852 

George Healey 1853 

Nathan Smith, Jr. 1854 

James McNay 1855 

Dr. Hilton W. Boyce 1858 

Benjamin llnvt. Jr. 1859. '<>| 

\\ [ruff Potter i860, "62 

John Bacon [863 

Martin V. Pratt 1865-6, '68 

Ephraim Perkins 1867 

Otis B, Houghton 1869 

George H. Kinne 1870 

Giles G. Reeve 1871-2 

Clifford A. Pratt 1873-5 

George D. Puffer I &77 

Leroy W. Merrick 1878-9, 1907 

James A. Mcintosh 1880, '82-4 

Vernon H. Raleigh 1881 

Cornelius Zahn 1885-6 

Charles T. Hubbard 1887-9 

Walter E. Babcock 1890-1 

'99-1900, '08-11 

Edward Carpenter ITubbard 1892 

George P. Remier J 893"5 

Frank C. Humbert 1896-7 

Alvin F. Clark 1898 

William H. Hubbard 1901-3 

Henry J. Noll 1904-6 

Ralph Todd Wiswell [912 


Lucius Mien [859 62 

Francis E. Anderson [882 9 

Walter E. Babcock 1898- mi 1 

\/rl Barry 1859-65 

John Ellis Bartholf [865-84 

Brierly .11901-1 1 

Aimer Chamberlain 1860-2 

Frederick Ilemstreet 1909-IO 

\\er\ Ukins Hoyt___ 1867-8, '70 81 

Benjamin F. Iloyt 1857 

Francis McKenna 1905. '07-11 

Leroy W. Merrick— 1892-3. '95-1901, 



James A. Mcintosh 1891-8 Oscar Smith Sheffield 1870-3 

Ezra Miller 1881-2, '84-6 Orlando Stetson 1891-4 

Josiah Osgood Puffer. 1860-9, '74-9 1 Benjamin F. Vaughn 1867-76 

Henry Schwartz 1881-8 




Township 3 north of range 16 east retained the name of Elkhorn after 
Lagrange, Richmond, and Whitewater were set off and new-named, and 
until a new town of Elkhorn was created February 2, 1846. The larger 
town, after thus losing section 36, was so called from its principal water 
course, the name of which translates the Pottawattomie compound, Sis-po- 
quet-sepee. From some immemorial time the numerous sugar-maple trees 
along the valley of the creek had been tapped and the Indians had practiced 
at least . me art of white men's civilization — that of sap-boiling. The creek 
rises near the west line of the town, in section 19, crosses eastwardly to the 
southeast corner of section 13, turns nearly northward, and leaves the town 
by section [2. Holden's lake. Otter lake. Silver, and a few pot-holes make 
up nearly the rest of the drainage and reservoir system of the town. The 
ancient valley of the creek is wide, and for many years more or less marshy; 
bul most of it is now usefully occupied. \s a whole, the town is well drained 
and* contain- several of the finest farms of the county. Among the higher 
points above sea-level, as officially shown, are those in sections 4. 5, q, 23, 
respectively 031. 045. 918 and 890 feet. 

The only actual settler in [836 was John Davis, who built a cabin near 
Silver lake in sections [3, 14. passe. 1 the cold winter there, ami a vear later 
sold his claim to Asa P>lood and went away. 

Men of [837: Daniel F. Bigelow, section 21 ; James Bigelow, 17. 20: 
Asa Blood, 1 1 : William Bowman, 9, 15: John l'yrd, 6, 7: Milton Charles, 4; 
Nelson Crosby, 31; Perry G. Harrington, 15. 22: James Holden, 5; George 
W. Kendall, to; Jonathan Loomer, 7: Samuel Nelson Loomer, [8; Stephen 
I -hut. 17; Henry McCart, 8; Caleb Miller. 11; John Rand, 8; Salmon 
Salisbury. 24; Jeduthun Spooner, 14. 23; Freeborn Welch. 3, to; Joseph 

Welch. II . 14. 2T,. 

Joseph Barker, section 10; fohn S. Boyd, 11: Lewis Crosby, 31 ; Julius 

irds, _>. to; Augustus C. ECinne, 7; Alanson and James Martin, 9, and 

Charles Rand — . same in [838; James \\\ Field, 8; Caleb and William Ken- 

dall, 10. in [839; Henry Adkins, 11: Dr. Harmon Gray, 8; Benjamin Rand, 

t8; John Fish, William II. Hyatt, Russell Thurber, Samuel II. Tibbetts, it. 


and Nelson Weaver. iS. in 1840. Other settlers, within the next five vears, 
were James Varnum Holden, 14; George Ketchpaw. 23; Horace B. Kinne, 
Jesse R. Kinne. 7: John A. Pierce, 9. 16; Jonathan Parks. 23; Wyman 
Spooner. Jr., 14; James and John Strong, 23 ; Hiram Taylor, Hulcy Welch. 22. 

Other men bought government land : John Adams Baird, Chauncey and 
Chester Baird, all in section 35 ; Francis and Joseph Lewis Barker. 4 ; Curtis 
Bellows. 35; Harvey Birchard, 17. 20, 36; George W. Blanchard, 10; Asa 
Blood, Jr.. 14; Isaac Burton. 4, 20, 33: William Carr, 2; Azariah Clapp, 4; 
Adolphus Colburn, 26; William Colton, 23; Nelson Tibbetts Corey, 6; Shel- 
don Raymond Crosby, 30, 31, 32; Lucien B. Devendorf. 31; John Henry 
Ellsworth. 22: Isaac Flitcroft. 26; William A. Flitcroft, 28; Henrv Foot. 
19; William O. Garfield. 26; Charles Nicholas Hagner, 1; Olney Harring- 
ton. 32: Francis William Haw ley, 25; Edwin Aug. Hollinshead. 34; Hiram 
Humphrey. 12; Elias Kinne, 7: Martin L. Ladd. 21; James Leach, 23, 24; 
George Leland. 5; Benjamin McVicker, 28: Ward Mallory, 30; John Mar- 
tin, 28: Benjamin Minshall, 28; Silas Minshall, 21: William Sullivan 
Nichols. 5. 8; John Olson. 20: William Parrish, [8; John Saunders. 22; 
Orley Shaw, 29: Reuben Smith, 2^,; Jedidiah Sprague, 34; Alexander M. 
Sturges. 13: James N. Sturtevant. 29; Jacob Tostenson, 20. 21 ; Loren Ward, 
28; Joseph Webb. 35; Ransom Wells. 29; Jesse Pike West. 12; Jeremiah 
Wilcox, 12; George Wilson. 13; Charles Wolcott. 23. 

John A. Baird's widow died at Trempealeau in 1865, aged seventy-five 

Joseph Barker 1 1781-1857) and wife Lucinda had nine children, of 
whom eight came to Sugar Creek. Joseph Lewis married Phoebe T. Roberta 
April 2, 1846. Timothy Putnam (1818-1878) married Elvira Shumway 
1 1 827-1886). James B. (1823-1898) married his cousin Almeda ( 1824- 
1901). daughter of Hugh Barker. Francis ( 1821-1875 ) married Mrs. Maria 
Baldwin. Russell married Sophia Baker. Adeline (1811-1892) was wife 
of Booth B. Davis, of Elkhorn ; Mary L., wife of Hiram Taylor; Diana, 
second wife of Stephen G. West, Sr., married November <>, 1841. 

Daniel F. Bigelow (1815-1895), son of Doctor Daniel, was born in 
Nova Scotia. He married Ann- McCart, a native of Ohio, born 1S24. died 
1897. James ( 1819-1899) married Ann Elizabeth bowler. 

Lewis Crosby married Phoebe McConkey December 2},. [844. 

John H. Ellsworth died in 1859. Sophronia (1827-1894), his wife, 
was daughter of Asa Pride and Susan Bates. 

James Whipple Field, born at Scituate, Rhode Island, March 22, 1814. 
and now living, in 1912, at Elkhorn with his son-in-law, George Kinne, in 


fair health and full of memories, is son of Thomas Field and Thankful 
VVinsor. His older ancestors, reckoned backward, were Thomas. Jeremiah, 
Thomas, Thomas, and William. He married the half-sisters Angelina and 
Sarah, daughters oi William Adams. 

John Fish married. June 28, 1843, Harriet, daughter of Stephen 

Caleb Kendall married Emily A. Webber. June 10. 1842, and lived in 

Mr. Kingsley was drowned in Silver lake. 1839. His family came a 
few days later and returned to their eastern home. • 

John Martin married May 18, 1S40. Eliza Ann. daughter of Ebenezer 
Chesebrough and Anna Griswold. She was born in 1809. and had entered 
land in her own name in section 33. Mr. Martin died in 1885 

Silas Minshall died May in. 1857. leaving widow Rose Ann. 

Daniel Nyce was born in August. 1801 : died May 29, 1857. 

John Alexander Pierce ( [817-1887), farmer, mill-owner, and man of 
many business affairs and very generally prosperous, married, first. Mary 
Elizabeth 828 870 1, daughter of Deacon William Chambers and Phoebe 
Gray, of North Geneva. She had five sons. He married, second. Hannah. 
daughter of Henry ami Mary Moorhouse. He was son oi John Pierce and 
Maria A. McFarling. 

John Rand (1819-1898 - - 1 of Benjamin and Sarah, was born in 
Nova Scotia. He married. May 2, 1844. Sarah Sophia 1 [817-1900), daugh- 
ter of Benjamin and Eunice Loonier. 

:i Saunders 1 or Sanders) 1 [806-188 — 1 married Jane Lean.. 

Jeduthun Spooner (1799-18 n of Jeduthun Spooner and Hannah 

Crowell, of Hardwick, Massachusetts, a printer in Vermont, and an early 
justice of the peace ' - r Creek, went in 1853 to Allamakee county. 
Iowa. A nephew of the same name, also of Sugar Creek, a son of Judge 

ner, married Julia Ann. daughter of Sutherland German and Mary, a 
of Christopher Wiswell. 

Jai - >ng 1 [810-18 rn near the line of Virginia in Pennsvl- 

\ania. married Lois Parks 1 [817-187 

Hiram Taylor (1814-1895) married, in [838, Man L.. daughter of 

ph and Lucinda Barker. 

muel Holmes TibbetJ 872), bom in Windham county. Ver- 

mont, married in Canada. October 2, 837, Sarah (1810-1878), daughter 
•avid Pattee. Their three daughters were married: Clarissa to \-a 
Sarah Jane to \ :e1 Bird Morris, Hannah Maria to John Henrv 


Jacob Tostenson (died 1887) married Margaret Larson (died 1875). 
Their sons, Tosten and Ole Jacohson, were substantial citizens. Ole was a 
soldier and became an officer of the Thirteenth Infantry and was a capable 
and useful man of public and private business. He was born in 1838 at 
Skien, Norway, and died January 28, 1912. 

Nelson Weaver (1804-1868) married Ruby Rand (1812-1903). 

Freeborn Welch. Jr.. (1864-1884) was son of Mercy Spike (1785- 
1857). He married, first, Caroline, daughter of I'hineas Brown; second, 
Ann McDonough. For some years he kept the long known Gravel Tavern, 
at Tibbets Corners. Joseph Welch ( [820-1900) married Eliza Havens 
(1821-1893). Hulcy Welch (1812-1879) had wife Hannah. Josiah < [805- 
1881 ) had wife Louisa, and lived for several years in Geneva. These four 
Welches were brothers, who bad lived in Steuben county. New York. 

Capt. George Washington Kendall kept a tavern in 1839 at the corners, 
since known as Tibbets. in section 10. He sold ibis place in 1843 to Francis 
Rublee. who : it by deed to bis son, Francis M. Rublee, in 1845. Dur- 

ing the latter's ownership his brother. Martindale, began to build of lime 
and gravel concrete, as is told; but before his work was finished the place 
passed by sheriff's -ale in 1853 to John 1). Cowles, who completed and occu- 
pied the Gravel Tavern. This landmark fronted northward on the terri- 
torial road from Milwaukee to Janesville. and on a section-line road leading 
to Elkhorn. In [859 Mr. Cowles sold the property to Freeborn Welch, one 
of the jolliest sons of St. Boniface. When tavern custom wholly ended Mr. 
Welch made of it his dwelling. His heirs sold the house and ground in 1907 
to John and Matthew J. Newman, who pulled clown the ancient walls and 
built a fine dwelling in present century style and added barn, silo, and other 
out-buildings suitable to a well-managed dairy farm A few rods eastward 
along the territorial road Samuel H. Tibbets built a bouse, about [842, which 
for some time served as a wayside inn. and for ten year- as a postoffice. Cap- 
tain Kendall had been postmaster from 1840 to 1842 

In 1889 a newly established postoffice, named Tibbets, received a tri- 
weekly mail from Whitewater and Elkhorn. 

Congregationalists and Wesleyans joined in 1872 to build their union 
church, next south of the Gravel tavern. In the same year Bethel church, 
Methodist, was built on land bought of John Cameron, section 12. about 
seven miles by road from Elkhorn, to which this church ha- usually been 
attached for pastoral assignments. A store, bricl chool house, blacksmith 
-hop. and Mount Pleasant cemetery are at the Kendall corner-. 


Congregationalists, Methodists, and Presbyterians met as early as 1840 
in Christian unity at Captain Kendall's, at their own homes in turn, and at 
the school house. A society of Presbyterians was formed, but soon became 
Congregational. This body received its ministrations from those early labor- 
ers in newly broken fields: Cyrus Nichols, Stephen Denison Peet, Amnon 
< laston, Cyrus E. Rosenkrans, David Pinkerton, Samuel Elbert Miner, and 
other clergymen from Delavan and Elkhorn. Among Wesleyan and Free 
.Methodist pastors were George Parsons and George L. Shepardson. 

A highway parts sections 8 and 9, and where this crosses the territorial 
road was an early grouping of settlers, with store, postoffice, church, and in 
later time a cheese factory. All this was long known as Barker's Corners, 
for the early settlers of that family name. About [852 the postoffice was 
new-named Millard and the office at Tibbets was for some years discon- 

Seven persi >ns met at Barker's Corners to found a Baptist society. These 
were Rev. Henry Topping, of Delavan. Thankful Ballard, Jonathan. Joseph 
and Sophia H. Loomer, Electa Mason and Christopher Wiswell. At the 
next meeting, a few days later, James W. Field and six of the Loomer fam- 
ily joined this movement. Mr. Topping divided his well-filled time with the 
the new society for two or three years. A. B. Winchell relieved him in 
1S44; R. Pickett, [846; Moses Rowley. 1847; J onn H. Dudley, 1840; Albert 
Sheldon, 1851. and again in 1873 (and died April 4, 1874); A. E. Green. 
(863 to [868; Nelson Cook, [869; I. C. June-. 1873: Mr. Hicks, Mortimer 
A. Packer, aboul 1887, and ordained in [889 (remaining to 1894 and re- 
turning in [907); S. F. Massett, December, 1894; George Jerome Kyle. 
[897, and in (899; Eli Packer, [898; Nicholas Wakeham, [901; Anthony 
Jacobs, 1905; George X. Doody, 1910-12. The first church was built about 
1N50. In [892 a better one was built and the old one set aside and back- 
ward for Sunday school and other reputable purposes. This societ) laid out 
a few rods north, in section 9, on James B. Barker's land, a burial ground 
which has become a public cemetery. 

There are now five school districts in the town of Sugar Creek, formed 
by rearrangement from nine district-. 

The Farmers' Mutual Fire Insurance Compaq of Sugar Creek was 
organized in February, 1873, for business in the townships of Darien, 
Geneva, Lafayette, Lagrange, Richmond, Sugar Creek. Troy and White- 
water. Its officers in Mile were: James E. Lauderdale, president; fames 
Parsons, secretary. \t the end of [910 there were [,290 policies in force. 
$2,566,674, Losses paid in that year, $5,975. Losses paid 
-ince organizatii m, $69, 1 26. 



The land area of the town is 21,629 acres, valued at $1,605,800. Value 
per acre, $74.24. Crop acreages for 1910: Barley, 2,223; beans, 12; corn, 
3,909; hay, 2,812; oats, 2.422; orchard, 87; potatoes, 234; rye, 153; timber, 
2,812; wheat. 17. Live stock: 3.202 cattle. $83,300; 1,019 hogs, $10,200; 
795 horses, 855,700; sheep, $800. 

Population: 1850. 1,226; i860, 1,139; ^70, 99 2 ; 1880, 1,015; 1890, 
1,004; 1900, 931; 1910, 917. 


Dr. Harmon Gray 1842 

Augustus Caesar Kinne 1843 

Levi Lee 1844. 64-5 

Perry Green Harrington 1845-52. 

'56-7, >o 

Jesse Rundell Kinne ^53 

Eli Kimball Frost 1854-5 

Stephen G. Frost 1858-9 

Thomas Davis 1 860-1, '66-9, '72-3 

Leonard Loonier 1862-3 

Joseph Trumbull Isham 1871 

Ole Jacobson__r874, '89, '92-3, "95-6 

Solomon Richard Edwards 1875. 

'77-9. '88 
Donald Stewart 1876, 80-2, 

'84, '86-7 

Nathaniel Palmer Hand 1883 

Frank C. Weaver 1885 

Sherman Harrington 1890-1 

James Matheson ^94, '99 

Duane D. Finch 1897-8 

George H. Renner 1900-7 

Xim Johnson 1908-9 

Charles Harriman WiswelLi 910-12 


Herbert J. Barker 1905-6 

Timothy Putnam Barker 1875 

William H. Bartram 1857, '62 

Charles Bray 1897-8, 1908 

Herman A. Briggs J 8/9 

John Cameron 1876, '83-4 

Nelson Crosby 1846 

Ashton M. Davis 1906-7 

Orrin S. Day 1888 

Resolved Ezra Day 1891 

James B. Doolittle 1864, '67, '70 

John Edwards 1902 

Eugene O. Ells 1903-4 

William Hitcroft 1847-9 

Asa Foster 1863, '71 

Jason Foster 1862 

Samuel T. Foster 1899-1900 

Nathaniel Palmer Hand 1874, '80 

Sherman Harrington 1888 

Thomas Havens 1852 

Edward liogan 1850, '52 

Charles I Inllinshead J 859 

James Holloway 1895-6 

Ubert F Hulce [886, '92-3 

Joseph T. [sham_i858, '6i, '68, '77-9 

Ole Jacobson l &73 

Jacob Ketchpaw 1866 

Martin ECettelson J907- 09 io 



Ole Kettelson 1911-12 

Edmund Kingman 1855 

Horace I!. Kinne 1854 

George Kinne 1886-7, "90 

Jesse Rundell Kinne 1846, '50 

Frank H. Kinney 1893-4 

William Kulow 1908-10 

Martin L. Ladd 1877 

James H. Lauderdale i860 

Harris A. Loomer 1880-1 

Jonathan Loomer 1847-8, '51 

Leander G. Loomer 1901 

Leonard Loomer 1861, '66-7 

William John McDonough 1900 

James Matheson 1891 

Charles N. Moore 1853 

Rasmus Nelson 1897 

John Ashe Norris 1863 

George W. Nyce 1865, '69 

Alfred Olson 1898 

John Oslock 1882-3, '85 

James Parsons 1894, 191 1 -12 

\lnam Peterson 1899 

George Edmund Pierce 1889 

Nathan Rand 1856 

Silas Russell 1856 

Stephen Leggett Russell 1874, 

'81-2. "85 

John Sanders 1851 

Francis Smith i860 

James Bolingbroke Smith 1892 

Jeduthun Spooner 1849 

Donald Stewart 1871-3 

Hiram Taylor 1864-5. '68> l 2 - "8 

Rial Thomas ., 1876 

James D. Ward J 853 

John \Y. Watson I 9°4-5 

Silas Ensley Weaver 1895-6 

Eugene Webber 1901 

Lemuel Webster 1857 

Freeborn Welch 1855 

William Henry Welch 1889 

George W. Wilcox 1875 

Thomas Wilcox . 1869-70 

D. Tudson Williams 1887, '90 

Charles Harriman Wiswell __ 1902-3 


John Fish 1842 

John S. Boyd 1843 

Horatio S. Winsor (app.) 1844 

Levi Lee 1845 

William II. Hyatt 1846 

Shuler C. Higbee 1847 

William Bowman [848-9 

Benj. Blodgett Humphrey 1850 

Francis F. Collier 1851 

John Alexander Pierce '852-3 

Stephen G. Frost 1854-5 

AlK-n Loomer 1856-8 

Josiah C. McManus 1859 

James Whipple Field 1860-2, '64 

Jeduthun Spooner 1863 

Thomas Davis 1865 

Wyman Spooner. Jr. 1866 

Newton IT. Kingman 1867 

Daniel Mansfield Stearns 1868 

Ole Jacobson 1869-70 

Frank C. Weaver 1871-9 

Duane D. Finch 1880-90 

Chester P. Beach 1891 

Henry J. Cameron 1892-6 

Will V. R. Holloway 1897-1912 


4-' 5 


John Rosenkrans 1^4-' 

Theodore Benj. Edwards 1843 

Olnev Harrington 1844-7 

William Hogan 1848-9 

Henry O. Gibbs 1850 

Rufus Eldred 1851 

Joseph T. Tsham 1852 

William Tremper 1853 

Alonzo Rublee 1854 

James Sexton 1855 

John Rand 1856 

George Cameron J 857-S 

Charles Loomer r859. '<>- 

Isaac Flitcroft i860 

Stephen L. Russell 1861 

Thomas Davis 1863 

Timothy Putnam Barker 1864 

Jason Foster 1865 

George W. Nyce 1866 

James W. Davis 1867 

Ole Jacobson 1868 

John Cameron 1869-70, '75 

Otis S. Davis 1871 

Joseph Parker 1872 

James B. Cook 1873-4 

John Oslock 1876-8 

James Matheson 1879 

William B. Ells 1880-4 

Delos Westcott 1885-7, '89 

Ellsworth Loomer 1888 

James Parsons 1890 

Martin Kettelson 1891 

Ashton M. Davis 1892-3 

Fenton Palmer 1894 

Duane D. Finch 1895 

Charles Desing 1896 

Herbert J. Barker 1897-8 

George Weaver 1899, 1906 

Homer Davis 1900 

John Canutson 1901-3, '05 

Henry J. Brandt 1904 

John W. Watson 1907 

Frank J. Rogers 1908 

Hawley J. Donaldson 1909-10 

Harry Loomer 1911-12 


Frank R. Babcock 1894 

John Cameron 1875-80, '90-5 

Charles A. Davis 1906-7 

Reuben E. Eastwood 1907-8 

Julius Augustus Edwards 1881-3 

Solomon Richard Edwards- 1859-70 

Aaron Ellbeck 1870-1 

Isaac Flitcroft 1879-82 

Marcus Gray 1870-1 

Sherman Harrington _ 1891 

Charles Hollinshead 1863-6 

Ole Jacobson 1872-3 

Levi Lee 1863-5 

Henry Levi Mallory 1882-3 

Ward M